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like ordinary paint. The process has culty is obviated by movable screens covbeen patented, and the article itself is ered with the phosphorescent material, now a well-known marketable com- which can be either exposed to the rays modity. The exact composition of the of the sun or to the actinic light of paint is not known; but we may feel burning magnesium wire. Such screens certain that it consists mainly of either are aptly called Aladdin's lamps. Its use the sulphides of calcium or barium, and on shipboard in this manner has already that its great luminosity is due to some been tested by the Admiralty authoripeculiarity in its preparation. Its origi- ties; with what success we do not know. nal form is a powder, which can be A still more useful application of the mixed, according to the purpose for invention is to buoys, and more espewhich it is intended, with water, varnish, cially to those life-buoys, or rings of or oil ; or for solids, with papier-mâché, cork, always carried by ships, on the artificial ivory, and other compounds sight of which on a dark night a man's which are commonly used for fancy life often depends. A buoy rendered articles and decorative purposes.
luminous by the paint would afford quite Its proposed applications are of the a brilliant object on the dark water, and a most varied descriptions ; and we have swimmer would have no difficulty in findseen many of these as specimens of what ing his way to it. In the same way it would can be done, which promise valuable act as a guide to his friends in his ultimate results. The names of streets painted rescue. On fixed buoys for the guidance in luminous characters would indeed be of ships and boats at the entrance of a a boon to the belated traveller in one of river or harbor, its use would also be inour dimly-lighted towns, who in vain valuable. One more use for it in maritries to find his way to a friend's abode, time concerns is as a covering for the Such notices as Lodgings to let,'' ordinary diver's dress. In this particu
Apartments,” etc., would also be the lar work it has been tried in deep water, better for being visible after dusk. In- the diver asserting that by its aid he scriptions such as these are prepared and could easily see objects which without shown by the patentees. Match-boxes its aid would have been quite invisible. with luminous sides will also be found As a rule, the diver in deep water has to desirable by those who by fractious in- trust to feeling more than to his eyefancy or by other causes are often led to sight; and benumbed fingers in cold exclaim, “ Where on
the water must occasionally lead him astray matches ?"
in his conjectures as to the condition of These are but trivial applications of the things it is his duty to examine. The invention. Among its more important luminous paint will therefore prove of projected uses are the following : It has signal service to him. In the case in already been tried with success for the question the diver descended into twentyinterior of railway carriages, to ohviate seven feet of dull water, and could disthe use of lamps during daylight, but tinguish the mussels and bolt-heads on which are at present indispensable on a ship's bottom with great ease. lines which run through tunnels. In So far as experience at present goes, gunpowder magazines, or in spirit vaults, the new paint seems as durable as it is where the use of ordinary lamps is risky, effective-a question of great importance the luminous paint will be found most where, in the case of diving operations useful. It may be urged that as the new and of buoys, it is likely to be exilluminant requires initial exposure to posed to all weathers and to constant light, its use in such situations would be exposure to water.--Chambers' Jouroften rendered abortive. But this diffi- nal,
“ DREW THE WRONG LEVER!"
BY ALEXANDER ANDERSON.
This was what the pointsman said,
“I drew the wrong lever standing here
But before I could draw it back again
Then came a roar and a crash that shook
At the wreck, for I knew the dead would peer
That was what the pointsman said,
Oye of this nineteenth-century time,
Listen. So long as a twelve-hours' strain
With its ringing of bells and rolling of wheels,
The hands grow numb with a nerveless touch,
So long will ye have pointsmen to say-
AN ANECDOTAL HISTORY OF THE BRITISH British Parliament ; it explains and illustrates PARLIAMENT FROM THE EARLIEST Periods the leading features of what are known as Par
THE PRESENT TIME, with Notices of liamentary usages; it furnishes many specific Eminent Parliamentary Men and Examples and accurate details about elections, bribery, of their Oratory. Compiled from Authentic Sources by George Henry Jennings. New privilege, the publication of debates, the excluYork : D. Appleton & Co.
sion of strangers, and the like ; and it abounds
in personal anecdotes of eminent Parliamentary Mr. Jennings' book is a somewhat heteroge- men, to which are added numerous specimens of neous but highly appetizing mixture of politi. their oratory. The materials which it presents cal history.and personal biography. It con- are not new-are quite familiar, in fact, to stutains a vast deal of interesting and useful in- dents of history and politics ; what Mr. Jenformation about the origin and growth of the nings has done is to bring together into comParliamentary system, and the history of the pendious and convenient form what has hitherto
been scattered through bulky and obscure vol- Scotch SERMONS. 1880. New York : D. Apumes inaccessible and almost unknown to the pleton & Co. general reader.
Since the appearance of the famous" Essays The first section of the volume sketches the and Reviews," there has been no more striking “ Rise and Progress of Parliamentary Institu- contribution to theological literature than is tions" from the time of King John to the gen
contained in this volume of sermons. eral election of 1880. The second (and long- ward of a hundred years Scotch Presbyterianest) section consists of “ Personal Anecdotes'' ism has been regarded as the very bulwark and of nearly a hundred of the most distinguished citadel of orthodoxy ; and it is somewhat more British statesmen, beginning with Sir Thomas than surprising-it is positively startling--to More and ending with the Marquis of Harting- find that some of the leading members of that
The third section comprises a number of communion are prepared to go farther than “Miscellaneous Anecdotes," about various even the broadest of Broad Churchmen toward matters connected with the constitution and re-adjusting the creeds to the new condition of customs of the two Houses; and in an Ap- things brought about by scientific discoveries pendix there are lists of all the Parliaments of and philosophical speculation. Rationalism England and of the United Kingdom, of the itself has hardly demanded larger concessions Speakers of the House of Commons, and of from the defenders of the faith than are here ihe Prime Ministers, Lord Chancellors, and cheerfully and unqualifiedly granted by such Secretaries of State from 1715 to 1880. Finally, men as Principal Caird, Professor Knight, the an admirable Index opens an easy avenue of Rev. John Cunningham, D.D., the Rev. D. J. approach to the copious and varied store of Ferguson, the Rev. William Mackintosh, D.D., good things that the book contains.
the Rev. William Leckie M'Farlan, the Rev. Considering the general dullness of political Allan Menzies, the Rev. Jarnes Nicoll, the annals and political biography, the “ Anecdotai Rev. Thomas Rain, the Rev. Adam Semple, History” is quite surprisingly entertaining and the Rev. Patrick Stevenson, and the Rev. Robreadable. As a worthy member of the House ert Herbert Story, D.D. ; and we should be inof Commons once remarked, it “ loves good clined to say that there is hardly a sermon in sense and joking ;” and the element of humor the volume in which a rigidly orthodox scrutiny pervades the book to an extent that could would not find at least a dozen propositions hardly have been anticipated. No doubt Mr. that savor of heresy. The validity of dogma, Jennings has been much more keenly on the the verbal inspiration of the Scriptures, the alert for such anecdotes as would enliven his authenticity of the miracles, the doctrines of pages than for mere statements of historical vicarious atonement and of eternal punishment, fact; but, whatever may be the cause, it can. and the finality of such creeds as have hitherto not be denied that the result justifies his state- been accepted, are all repudiated with more or ment that
nowhere have more good things less explicitness ; and the purport of nearly all been said than in Parliament.
the discourses is to vindicate the claims of So amusing is the book, indeed, that it would the individual reason to supreme authority over be easy for the reader to overlook the fact that all the beliefs of the individual," a great deal of laborious research must have What makes the volume more significant been expended upon its preparation. Any than if it were merely the expression of indione who has ever undertaken to trace to its vidual views is the fact that, as the editor source the traditional“ saying" of some public states, it originated in the wish to gather toman, or to get at the precise details of some gether a few specimens of the style of teachlong past minor event, will find it easy to be- ing that increasingly prevails" among the clergy lieve Mr. Jennings when he declares (borrow- of the Church of Scotland. “ It does not ing the language of the elder Disraeli) that claim,” he says, “ to represent either the full “there are articles in the present work, occu. extent of that teaching, or the range of subpying but a few pages, which could ever have jects on which in their public ministrations its been produced had not more time been alloited authors are in the habit of discoursing. It to the researches they contain than some would may, however, serve to indicate a growing allow to a small volume," Not only has he tendency, and to show the direction in which had recourse to the voluminous pages of thought is moving. It is the work of those “Hansard and the aimilar records, such as whose hope for the future lies, not in alterathey are, of former days; but he has read tions of ecclesiastical organization, but in a many scores of volumes in general biography, profounder apprehension of the essential truths and has explored with patient industry those of Christianity ; and especially in the growth, deeper depths of ancient newspaper files, within the Church, of such a method of prewhere so much lies entombed besides the wit senting them as shall show that they are and eloquence of statesmen.
equally adapted to the needs of humanity, an
in harmony with the results of critical and sci- Poor's outline or summary will doubtless prove entific research.”
highly interesting and suggestive, more particA few of the Sermons were written expressly ularly in so far as it tends to show the unity for this collection ; but the majority, so we are and continuity of literature ; but those whose assured by the editor, are printed exactly as studies have been deeper will be apt to feel they were preached, or have been expanded that Miss Poor has ventured into a region somewhat after having been delivered from where she is hardly competent to appear as a the pulpit, so that as a whole they may be re- teacher. garded as tolerably fair samples of popular religious teaching. They discuss nearly all the CONSPECTUS of the HistorY OF POLITICAL vital questions concerning man's life here and
PARTIES AND the FEDERAL GOVERNMENT.
Inhis destiny hereafter ; and there can be no
By Professor Walter R. Houghton. doubt that, if their teachings come to be gen
dianapolis : Granger, Davis & Co. erally accepted, a long step will have been Without exaggeration this book may be said taken toward that reconciliation of faith with to be invaluable to students of American poliscience, the conscious or suspected lack of tics, while to almost any one who is interested which is the specific danger of our age, the
either in the histury of past times or in the cursource of its universal unrest, and of its all but rent questions of the day, it will prove very universal scepticism."
convenient to have at hand for frequent refer:
It brings together in the most compact SANSKRIT AND ITS KINDRED LITERATURES. possible shape the results of years of research
Studies in Comparative Mythology. By and the substance of a whole library of costly Laura Elizabeth Poor. Boston: Roberts and little-known books; and there is hardly a Bros.
single fact of real importance in the history of In substance, though not now in form, the American political parties, or of the Governcontents of this volume are a series of lectures, ment, upon which the reader who has become delivered recently in Boston by the author, and familiar with its arrangement cannot at once said to have been received with much enthusi- place his finger. asm by the audiences that heard them. This The most distinctive feature of the work, fact explains some of their qualities, which it perhaps, is a series of colored charts in which would be difficult to account for if we regarded the history of the country is told pictorially, as the book as primarily a written treatise. To it were. In one of these charts, giving “a be rendered interesting to an audience of aver- birds'-eye view of parties,” each political party age intelligence, such themes as the author that has appeared in our history from colonial here deals with—the origin of literature, Brah- times to the present is represented by a colored manism and the Maha Bharata, Buddhism and band which exhibits its origin, fortunes, and the Ramayana, Sanskrit philosophy, fable, end, its relation to other party organizations, and drama, the Persian literature, comparative and its periods of ascendancy and depression ; mythology of the Greek poetry and drama, while marginal notes indicate the issues which Greek philosophy and literature, comparative it advocated, and the circumstances under mythology of the Latin and Keltic literatures, which it won or lost. A “Map of Politics" comparative mythology of the Teutonic litera- exhibits the political complexion of every Conture, comparative mythology of the mediæval gressional district — the Republican districts ballads, and of Slavonic literature-such themes being colored red and the Democratic yellow ; as these must be treated in very cursory and and a similar one shows the relative strength
popular,” not to say superficial, stylę ; and of parties in the several State legislatures. A the very fact that they were successful as lec- colored diagram of the “ United States Debt, tures almost precludes the idea that they can Revenue, and Expenditures," delineates “ the possess any serious value as literature.
course of the public debt by years from 1789 to And, indeed, it may be said frankly that the 1880, together with the proportion of the total author has attempted nothing in the way of receipts from each principal source of revenue, original thought or independent criticism. and the total proportion of the expenditures for What she has done--and done fairly well—is each principal department of the public serto construct a rapid and“ telling' summary of vice." And still another colored map indicates the results of the more recent researches and the several cessions or acquisitions of territory discoveries in comparative philology and com- by which the United States has at different parative mythology-especially in the study of times been enlarged. Sanskrit and kindred languages; and to direct The letter-press comprises numerous sumattention to the light which these studies and mary paragraphs, in which the leading events researches throw upon the origin and growth of in the history of each administration are deliterature. To those who are entirely un- scribed, together with all the platforms adopted acquainted with the new discoveries,” Miss by the various parties since the formation of the Government, and the full text of the famous A HANDSOME illustrated edition of a French Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions of 1798. translation of Walter Scott is now being issued And in addition to all this there are a full in numbers, parts, and volumes by Firmin, chronological list of the Governors of each Didot & Co. State (with a plate showing their politics), and a tabulated classification of the successive
ACCORDING to the Publishers' Circular, the officials of each department of the Federal publications of 1880 in England were less Government, and the principal events that oc
numerous by 126 than those of the preceding curred during each administration.
year. In 1880, 4293 new books and 1415 new The work is issued in chart form as well as
editions appeared, or a total of 5708, as against in book form, and is sold only by subscription. 5834 in 1879. SOUTHERN LITERATURE: ITS STATUS AND
Dom Luis, King of Portugal, who is known OUTLOOK. An Address. By J. B. Ward
as the translator of several plays of Shakeslaw, Jr., A.M. Macon, Ga. : 7. W. Burke peare into Portuguese, has just sent to press a & Co.
translation of Richard the Third. The proIn our notice of “Uncle Remus' last month ceeds of this new literary work are to be dewe suggested that the appearance of such books voted to various benevolent institutions. as Mr. Harris's and Mr. Cable's is a hopeful augury for the future of Southern literature ;
The ms. containing the fragments of an anand the same thing may be said of this Ad
cient Latin version of the Pentateuch, sold by dress of Mr. Wardlaw's, which was delivered
Libri to. Lord Ashburnham, and restored by before the Ladies' Memorial Association of
the present Lord Ashburnham to the Lyons Montgomery County, Va., and which has been
Library, has reached Lyons and has been published by order of the Association. There placed in the hands of the librarian. are many things in the Address which we
The numerous possessors of Zeuss's “Gramshould be inclined to challenge on both critical
matica Celtica" will be glad to hear that a very and historical grounds, and there is much that
complete index and a lexicon to the work have is foreign to its theme; but, on the other hand,
been compiled by Dr. Güterbock, and are now there are passages of real eloquence, flashes of genuine insight into the conditions of literary ready in the spring.
in the press. The volume will probably be growth, and suggestions which both the producers and the critics of Southern literature A DESIRE is often expressed for a trustworthy would do well to meditate upon. Perhaps its sketch of Israelitish history, with due recogmost important feature, however, is the frank- nition of the ascertained results of cuneiform ness of Mr. Wardlaw's admission that in liter discovery. This desire is, we believe, satisfied ature the South has not hitherto justified the by the “ Abriss" lately published in the form vigor and ability which her sons have displayed of tables by the rising young Assyriologist, in other fields. The significance of this is all Dr. Hommel. the greater because the very first condition of
The fund for the encouragement of literature literary progress is the recognition by Southerners themselves that the comparative literary
in the Bombay Presidency has lately been apsterility of the South is due to something else plied to a new edition of the Mahâbhârata, the besides the obtuseness of Northern readers and
Indian Antiquary,” Mr. Jamsetji Miniothe prejudices of Northern critics.
charji's “ Pehlvi-Gujarati Dictionary,” Mr. Kunté's Shaddarsana - Chintaniká, and Bur
nell's “ South-Indian Archæology. FOREIGN LITERARY NOTES.
Dr. Charles MACKAY, the poet, is engaged The King of Sweden has published a volume
on a work to be published by subscription, under the title of “ Poems and Leaves from only 250 copies being printed, entitled O Ob iny Diary.”
scure Words and Phrases in Shakespeare and A LADY has again obtained a first-class at the Elizabethan Dramatists,” explained for the Cambridge in the papers set for the Moral first time from the Celtic sources of the EngScience Tripos.
lish language and the popular idiom of the The King of Greece has presented M. Grévy, sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. President of the French Republic, with a mag- One of the officials in the Probate Office, nificent collection of Homer's works on parch- London, has amused himself by taking notes, ment, dating back to the fourteenth century.
from time to time, of the different ways in The University of Berlin during this win- which the word “cushions" was spelled in the ter has more than four thousand students, the old wills that have come under his notice. largest number ever yet reached by any Ger- His list of various spellings has now reached man university.
the number of 235, and is