which now serve the ends of philan- Not till that has come about will the thropy, not one could have resulted most heaven-born genius, should he apfrom any amount of calculation, or of pear among us, have much chance of conscience, or indeed of culture. The recognition or appreciation unless first seer simply declares what he beholds, exported and returned to us with a forand the artist translates his idea, as best eign seal. It may well be that the future he may, into his own form of art ; but of English music lies in the success and the artist who looks away from his ideal the spread of the movement which, in to contemplate himself misses his mark, some of its phases, we have described. and the student who utilizes art as a Till then we seem only to fashion a mere tool for self-improvement defeats lovely statue, as Pygmalion did ; we add his own object. All noble and en- grace after grace and finish after finish nobling art has been, and must be, fol- till it is all but life-like. We exclaim in lowed for its own sake.

delight as we recognize again and again When we look back on the advance the features and the smile that we have music has made in England since the dreamed of—that we know. But in vain beginning of the century, it seems wrong we kneel and worship and invoke-in to take an unhopeful view. Only all vain, so far. The smiling statue is still our advance seems to be in the repre- a statue. It does not descend from its sentation of the already presented. Not pedestal ; it will, as yet, not live for us. till music has become the speech of the - The Nineteenth Century. people will it find anything fresh to say.



BEFORE me careless lying,
Young Love his ware comes crying ;
Full soon the elf untreasures
His pack of pains and pleasures-

With roguish eye

He bids me buy
From out his pack of treasures.


His wallet's stuffed with blisses,
With true-love-knots and kisses,
With rings and rosy fetters,
And sugared vows and letters-

He holds them out

With boyish flout,
And bids me try the fetters.


Nay, Child (I cry), I know them ;
There's little need to show them !
Too well for new believing
I know their past deceiving-

I am too old

(I say) and cold,
To-day, for new believing!


But still the wanton presses,
With honey-sweet caresses,
And still, to my undoing,
He wins me, with his wooing,

To buy his wares

With all their cares,
Their sorrow and undoing !-Belgravia Magazine.


UNCLE REMUS : His Songs and His Sayings. more space than we can spare ; but to our

The Folk-Lore of the Old Plantation. By mind the feature which will be found to conJoel Chandler Harris. With Illustrations by tribute most to the permanent value of the Frederick S. Church and James H. Moser. book is the light which it throws upon the New York : D. Appleton & Co.

essential character of the negro, his outlook In his graceful introduction to this remark

upon life, and his conception of men and able book, the author seems somewhat dispos. things. We hardly exaggerate when we say ed to protest against its being looked upon as

that, from this point of view, it is by far the a humorous production, declaring, that no mat

most important outcome of that concentration ter how humorous it may be in effect, its inten

of interest with which the negro has been retion is perfectly serious. However this may

garded in this country during the past two or be, and heightened perhaps by its transparent

three generations. “Uncle Tom" was progood faith and objective realism, humor is its

duced by Mrs. Stowe as the camel was prodominant characteristic, and to this no doubt

duced by the German-he was evolved from

the depths of her consciousness, and represents is largely due the very wide popularity which it has already achieved. For readers of our

nothing but the creative power of a realistic day, at least, there is no literary quality so cer

imagination suffused with intense feeling.

• Uncle Remus" is the actual, living, typical tain to prove attractive as humor ; and the humor of Uncle Remus is of a peculiarly quaint, plantation negro, whose personality gave (and racy, genial, and laughter-provoking type. It

still gives, we hope) a flavor and picturesquepleases by its very freshness and spontaneity,

ness of its own to plantation life in the South, and by the contrast which it thus affords to the

and whose figure is recalled with a half-humorartful, self-conscious, elusive, and carefully

ous, half-tender regret by the great majority of cultivated humorousness which modern writers

Southerners when looking back in memory have drilled themselves to supply in obedience

upon the scenes and experiences of their childto the universal demand.

hood. The skill with which Mr. Harris has The truth is, however, that Mr. Harris's book portrayed and illustrated this many sided charappeals to three distinct and separate classes of

acter proves him to be an artist of a high readers. For children, the semi-mythical, order; and, if we are not mistaken, he has adsemi-realistic stories of Brer Rabbit, Brer Fox,

ded a permanent figure to the great portraitBrer Wolf, Brer Tarrypin, Brer Tukky Buz: gallery of literature. zard, and the rest, possess the romantic fascin.

In any event, it must be regarded as a happy ation that pertains to all genuine folk-lore and

augury that some of the most successful-sucnature-myths. Grown-up readers are charmed

cessful in the highest and widest sense-of reby the humorous flavor of which we have

cent American books have been produced by spoken, and by the homely good sense, the

Southeners. Mr. Cable has taken his place shrewd observation, and the gleams of poetic unchallenged in the foremost rank of Ameriimagination which are revealed by the songs

can novelists, and Mr. Harris's work, modest and the sayings as well as by the stories. And and unpretentious though it is, is worth a

whole shelf-full of such stories as Miss Aug. already ethnologists have begun to perceive that as contributions to myth literature the plan

usta J. Evans's, or even those of Christian

Reid. tation legends are likely to prove of no slight value, and to suggest questions of profound Young IRELAND : A Fragment of Irish Hissignificance in regard to race origins and rela- tory. 1840–1850. By Sir Charles Gavan tionships.

Duffy, K.C.M.G. New York. D. Appleton To estimate in detail the relative weight of

S Co. these several considerations would require After a lapse of nearly forty years Sir

Charles Gavan Duffy, one of the leaders of the upon the same plan by the same author. The Young Ireland' party whose agitation nearly earlier volume, we may remind the reader, inproduced a civil war in Ireland a generation cluded in its scope only things in nature, ago, narrates the history of the events in which science, and the arts ; and this later one comhe took part, and paints the characters and ex- prises accounts of the most noted persons and plains the motives of the patriots who, with places, both real and fabulous. The two tohimself, played the leading rôles. His object gether cuver the usual range of cyclopædic is to make the history of the past throw light knowledge, and constitute a work which should upon the difficulties of the present, to show be in every school library, in the hands of how the same sufferings and grievances are every teacher, and in every family where there producing the same results to-day that they are children. During the past year we have in have always produced, and to explain why our own family applied some pretty severe when England is prosperous and contented tests to the practical utility of the earlier volIreland is convulsed in the throes of civil dis- ume, and have proved that a quite young child cord. He writes without passion, though deal- can readily be taught to refer to it for answers ing with questions and events about which he to those innumerable questions with which evidently feels as deeply as ever ; his arraign- young folks are apt to pester and puzzle their ment of the policy of the British Government elders. We have proved, too, that the superior toward Ireland is severe and trenchant but completeness and precision of the answers thus never descends to the level of mere invective; obtained is appreciated by a child quite as his arguments are nearly as unimpeachable as much as it would be by those more accustomed his facts ; and there can be no doubt that his to the use of such works. Quite apart from able and interesting book will really contribute the importance of the information thus acquir. something to the solution of difficulties which ed, the value of the habit formed in this manner might well be thought to baffle the efforts of can hardly be overestimated in the mental peaceful statesmanship.

training of the young. The scanty use made The present volume only covers the period of works of reference, in ordinary households, from 1840 to 1845 ; but, though yet incom- even when the works are at hand, can only be plete, the work has made a profound and fa- attributed to the fact that in most cases the vorable impression upon the English public. habit of such use was not acquired in the early Says the London Spectator : “Never did any or plastic stage of experience ; and if the book appear so opportunely. But, whenever Young Folks' Cyclopædia" did nothing more it had appeared, with so lucid and graphic a than accustom children to consult it in their style, so large a knowledge of the Irish ques- perplexities it would render valuable service to tion, and so statesmanlike a grasp of its con- the cause of education. ditions, it would have been a book of great The present volume is much larger than its mark. We have come round now to a differ- predecessor and is much more copiously and ent point on the ascending spiral curve on satisfactorily illustrated, containing maps and which the history of English and Irish relations charts, as well as portraits and other pictures. might be traced, and all the old difficulties are A very valuable feature is the pronunciation of meeting us again in a form materially different the proper names, which is indicated not by indeed, but not fundamentally different, from confusing and misleading diacritical signs, but that of thirty-five years ago. It is all the more by the use of the simple letters of the alphabet instructive to read these vivid and eloquent combined with a careful system of syllabificapages, that the personal relations involved are tion and accentuation. This feature renders so different, while the political relations are so the book as valuable to grown people as to closely similar."

children, for it is precisely the pronunciation Whoever wishes to understand the senti- of proper names which in general it is hardest mental as well as the practical side of the Irish to get at. grievances which are now thrusting them. There are other features which will serve to selves so obtrusively upon the attention of the render the book as satisfactory to parents as world should read this book.

to children, and it may be said in brief that the

“Young Folks' Cyclopædia" will meet the reTHE YOUNG FOLKS' ENCYCLOPÆDIA OF PER- quirements of all who are in search of a com

SONS AND PLACES. By John D. Champlin, pact, untechnical, and plainly-written diction-
Jr. With Numerous illustrations. New lary of general knowledge.
York : Henry Holt & Co.
The same merits which characterized the


Peloubet. Young Folks' Cyclopædia of Common

Second Edition, Revised and Things” is also possessed by the present

corrected. New York : Diossy & Co. work, which is a companion volume, prepared A COLLECTION OF LEGAL MAXIMS IN LAW AND

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EQUITY : With English Translations. By S. FOREIGN LITERARY NOTES.
S. Peloubet. New York : George S. Diossy. It is rumored that Brugsch-Bey is rewriting

Though designed primarily for the legal pro- his famous pamphlet on the Exodus. fession, these little books are not without value

PROF. HUXLEY is, we are glad to hear, to and interest for laymen. The law touches upon

contribute a volume on Berkeley to the " life at so many points that there are numer

lish Men of Letters " series edited by Mr. ous occasions when even the ordinary reader would find it convenient to have at hand a glos

John Morley. sary of the words and phrases used in legal The eleventh volume of the Archives de la papers and documents, with concise and trust

Bastille, just published under the editorship worthy definitions of them ; and in his “ Stu- of M. Ravaisson, contains some documents redents' Law Dictionary,” Mr. Peloubet has pre- lating to Avedick, Patriarch of the Armenians pared just such a work in remarkably compact at Constantinople, who has been identified by and convenient shape. The full title of this several authors with the Man in the Iron useful little work is “The Students' Law Dic- Mask. tionary of Words and Phrases in Law Latin, Law French, and Anglo-Saxon, with statutory

A new work of Goethe has lately been disand common law definitions, together with def

covered by Prof. Arndt, of Leipzig. It is in initions of terms and expressions used in the

prose, and fills only a small number of pages code of civil procedure ;” and its practical in the Ms. It belongs to the species of “Singvalue is indicated by its passing so quickly into spiel,” a sort of pastoral play, intermixed with a second edition.

little bits of verse and songs. It is hoped that The purpose of the second work is as the

it will be published shortly. author says,

to collect in a small compass all It is announced that Von Ranke is about to the principal legal maxiins in law and equity publish with Messrs. Duncker and Humblot, which are found scattered through the various of Leipzig, the first volume of a Universal Hislaw-books, giving under each an approved Eng- tory (Weltgeschichte), which is to be rather a lish translation. It is intended for the student Philosophy of History than a history in the preparing for the bar, and for the practising strict sense of the word. The first chapter lawyer who may desire to find a maxim which will be entitled “Ammon-Ra, Baal, and Jewill apply to, and illustrate, the case before hovah." him." The collection is at once compact and comprehensive, the arrangement is good, the

E. SCHWEIZERBART, of Stuttgart, advertises a translations appear to be in general fairly apt complete edition of Mr. Darwin's writings and literal, and a topical index at the end en

(“' Ch. Darwin's Gesammelte Werke"), to be ables the student to find the maxims upon any

completed in fifty weekly parts, with 143 subject that may happen to have been in

wood-cuts, seven photographs, and a portrait

of the author. The series will afterwards be cluded.

issued in six volumes. The publication The style in which the little books are issued commends them at once to the eye and the

Voyage of a Naturalist.” pocket.

A PROJECT has been started for marking,

by some suitable monument, the spot where CERTAIN MEN OF Mark. Studies of Living the corpse of Shelley was burned in 1822 on

Celebrities. By George Makepeace Towle. the sea coast near Viareggio. Some gentleBoston : Roberts Bros.

men belonging to Shelley's own college in OxInto this compendious little volume, Mr. ford, University College, whence he was sumTowle bas gathered biographical sketches of marily expelled in 1811, are taking the first Gladstone, Bismarck, Gambetta, Lord Beacons- steps in this matter : a fitting and laudable act field, Castelar, Victor Hugo, John Bright, and

of expiation. the Emperors William of Germany, Alexander MESSRS. GEORGE BELL AND SONS are about of Russia, and Francis Joseph of Austria. The to publish an illustrated work on “Bookbind. sketches are almost too slight for publication in ing of all Ages,” in which examples will be book form, and would seem more naturally to given from the libraries of Maioli, Grolier, find place in a magazine ; but they are excellent Henri II. and Diana of Poitiers, President de as far as they go, and the only fault the reader Thou, and other celebrated collectors. It will is likely to find with them will be on the score also contain specimens of the workmanship of of their brevity. Mr. Towle has seen most of Clovis Eve, Le Gascon, Dérome, Padeloup, the celebrities with whom he deals, and his per- and other noted binders. The work is edited sonal descriptions and anecdotes give an by Mr. Joseph Cundall, who read his first animation to his pages which such sketches do essay on bookbinding at the Society of Arts not usually possess.

just thirty-three years ago.

opens with the "

At the last meeting of the Royal Society of of a small quantity of copper. (Sitzber, bókm. Literature, Mr. F. G. Fleay read a paper en- Gesellschaft der Wiss., April, 1880.)

The titled “ The Living Key to English Spelling ashes of the coals, carefully prepared, always Reform now found in History and Etymology." showed a strong copper reaction ; the pure The object was to show that the objections to coal itself contained a trace only of copper ; spelling reform are principally founded on an the pyrites accompanying it gave a strong reexaggerated estimate of the amount of change action. In fact the strength of the reaction aprequired. Mr. Fleay, on the other hand, pro- pears to go hand in hand with the amount of posed a scheme which was developed in two pyrites present in the coal. The never-failing forms-one, perfectly phonetic, for educational copper of the coal determines the amount of purposes ; the other differing from this only copper present in iron prepared with such coal in dropping the use of the accents, and the one or coke. The copper present in the coal with new type required in the former. He showed which we heat our ovens can be shown by the that even in the vowel sounds not one-tenth following simple method. When the coal is would need alteration ; while in the case of burnt and ceases to give a flame, and only the the consonants the alteration required would so-called glow is to be observed, a spoonful of of course be much less.

pure salt is to be thrown upon it and stirred Mr. Gostwick, already known as a writer diately the azure blue flames of carbonic oxide

about with a tongs or stick of wood. Immeon German literature, is preparing for publi: containing copper chloride are produced, and cation a book entitled “German Culture and

the appearance lasts some time. Coal which Christianity.” It is intended to give in outline a history of the main controversy in which,

contains much pyrites exhibits the color with for more than a century, German culture, doubtless, is the cause of the color which is so

great intensity and in great beauty. This, especially in philosophy and Biblical criticism

familiar to most people, and for which many -has been engaged in opposition to certain Christian tenets. The chief aim of the book

explanations have been proposed. is to show that the attack, masked at times by

FIRE-PROOF AND WATER-PROOF PAPER.– various auxiliary movements, has always been

A French journal describes a kind of paper directed mainly against the central tenet of which is fire-proof and water-proof. It is made Christianity. The history begins shortly be- of a mixture of asbestos fibre, paper paste. fore the time of Lessing, and ends with the and a solution of common salt and alum ; is date 1880.

passed through a bath of dissolved gum-lac,

and then goes to the finishing rollers. The The issue of typographical and illustrated

strength and fire-resisting capability are inworks of a costly and “luxurious” character creased by the alum and salt ; and the lac renis as yet too perilous an enterprise in Spain to

ders the paper impermeable to moisture, withbe of frequent occurrence. Publishers are

out producing unsuitability for ink. chary of risking capital in such speculations. Still, the presses of Madrid and Barcelona

COLOR-BLINDNESS IN THE UNITED STATES. have turned out illustrated works of consider.

- The United States Government has taken able artistic as well as typographical merit. prompt and vigorous action on the basis of the It is proposed to publish at Madrid an edition

recent conclusions come to by scientific invesof some of the poems of Señor Nuñez de Arce, tigators as to the prevalence of color-blindness. illustrated by Domingo, Jimenez y Aranda Both in the army and the navy, and in the case (José), Raimundo Madrazo, Melida, Palmeroli, of pilots, systems of exarnination have been Plasencia, Pradilla, and Sala y Vierge. The devised and are enforced to secure the detec

tion of color-blindness in all cases in which poems proposed for illustration will be “Misere," “ La Selva Oscura," “ La Vision de such a defect would be likely to lead to inFray Martin,” “ La Lamentacion de Lord

efficient discharge of duty. As we formerly Byron," and others inedited.

It is also pro

intimated, also, the State of Connecticut inposed to issue the poem of Campoamor en

sists that all railway employés within its bortitled “ El Rio Piedra," illustrated by Villegas.

ders be tested for the same purpose, and doubtIt is to be hoped that these attempts to unite

less in time such a law will be passed in all the the sister arts may prove such a success as to

other States. The following are the rules for induce further ventures in the same direction. conducting the examinations in the State of -Athenæum.

Connecticut : Rule 1. For the qualitative estimation of color-blindness the following tests

are to be employed : Holmgren's worsteds, SCIENCE AND ART.

the Tables of Stilling, Donders's color - test The COPPER PRESENT IN COAL.-An ex- patterns, PAuger's letters, with tissue papers. amination by Stolba of specimens of coal, chiefly Woinow's revolving cards may also be used, from Bohemia, shows the invariable presence For the quantitative test for color-blindness,

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