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ments of the Council of Trent, Mr. Faber who once gave so fair a promise of usefulhas very fully exposed. According to them, ness, as a defender of the truth. Errors, and to the tenets of the Romish church at crude, specious, and perilous, abound in this the present day, says Mr. Faber-“First, book. Mr. Erskine confounds the law with a man is made righteous by an infusion into the Gospel, when he says-—“It appears to him of inherent righteousness. Next, a me that the difference between the law and man's inherent righteousness, when infused the gospel consists more in man's reception into him, becomes, through God's bounty, and interpretation of God's communications meritorious : so that, under the aspect of a than in any real difference between the comstrict and proper recompense of his good munications themselves." He seems to works, it deserves and obtains eternal life. strike at the root of the atonement of Christ, Finally, a man, though he cannot be just, in his explanation of the apostle's words in unless he be justified by his own inherent the 3rd chapter to the Romans, by reprerighteousness, yet acquires not that righte- senting the “propitiation'' as consisting ousness by any independent exertions of his in " a trust exercised by Christ, in offering own moral strength, but receives it into his up or shedding his own blood, that is, by heart by God, through his faith in the merits committing himself with filial confidence to of Christ.” Well may Mr. Faber add : his Father's leading, through sorrow and "Such is the maze of Romish justification: death, as an example of the righteousness to from Christ's merits to man's merits, a which he calls us, according to which, God perpetual oscillation ; from Christ's righte- is just, whilst he acknowledges the righteousousness to man's righteousness, a perpetual ness of the man who has the trust of Jesus, vibration; of God's gifts into man's de- that is, who has the same trust that Jesus serviogs, a perpetual transmutation ; afraid had !!" to renounce all dependence upon Christ His views of election may be gathered in words, but in deeds really placing all de- from the following passage :-"When we pendence upon man."

see the two natures, of flesh and Spirit, 80 Mr. Faber then proceeds to ask:- in every man that he may join himself to ** Whence did this system of human jus- either of them, and thus become either retifying righteousness derive its origin ?" probate or elect, we see the root of the He answers—" Scripture rejects it: the doctrine of election!” We earnestly pray ancient church disowns it. Bernard, the that his gifted mind may be led, in all simlast of the fathers, apparently knows nothing plicity, into the truths from which he has of it. But the schoolmen who immediately so far wandered. followed Bernard, give it, in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries," and it was adopted by the Doctors of Trent. It appears, then,

The PresENT STATE and PROSPECTS of that Mr. Knox and the Roman church have

the WORLD and the CHURCH. By a adopted a system which sprang up from an Clergyman of the Establishment. pp. adherence to human reason and human phi

340. losophy, and a desertion of Scripture and

Seeley. ecclesiastical antiquity.”'

We think the general tenour and tenWhat then are we to think of the prin. dency of this work to be excellent. We ciples of Mr. Knox, who ventures to say, cannot, however, sympathise with the pious "I greatly suspect that the time is not very author to the full extent of his alarms. distant when even theological creeds will be We cannot go so far with him as to regard brought to a philosophical test, and will be the “ venerable religious Establishment,” discarded should they not stand the trial. “the main pillar and ground of the At such a season I own I have little hope truthin these realms, or anticipate for those who are acquainted with St. Paul, fearful evils from the diminution of the only through the interpreting medium of number of her bishoprics. We cannot Lather or Calvin, of Dr. Owen or Mr. Ro- unite with him in his sweeping censure on maine!"May the Lord, in bis mercy, Protestant emigration; or say, that the preserve the church and the world from a emigrants, generally speaking, are unquesphilosophy, falsely so called," and dispose tionably much to be blamed." We are not us to abide by the test of his own infallible prepared to say, " that, in the event of word!

judgments descending upon the country,

and upon the world, there appears to be The DOCTRINE of ELECTION, and its con- the highest degree of probability that they

nexion with the General Tenour of Chris- will be poured out exclusively on the untianity. By Thomas ERSKINE, Advocate. converted. 12mo. pp. 572

On these, and on some other points, the Longman and Co.

author appears to us to push his principles It is melancholy and mournful to see too far. There is, however, throughout a volume like this from the pen of a writer his work, a tone of sincerity, of earnest

as

ness, and of genuine religion, which we cannot but highly appreciate. The general design of his book may be gathered from a few words of his preface. “In the opening lecture it is attempted to be proved, that the times are perilous ; in those immediately ensuing, our peculiar duties at such times are pointed out; and, in conclusion, are shown the believer's privileges and prospects.

CURSORY Views on the State of RELI.

GION in FRANCE. Occasioned by a Journey in 1837. With Thoughts on the means of communicating Spiritual Good generally. In Twelve Letters. By JOHN SHEPPARD, Author of "Thoughts on Devotion,” &c. &c. 12mo. pp. 148.

Ball, Aldine Chambers. In a religious point of view, France presents a remarkable aspect. Superstition and infidelity are powerfully striving for the mastery. But besides the sincerely zealous devotees of popery and of infidelity, there appears to exist a large class of concealed unbelievers, remaining ostensibly among the supporters of their respective churches, yet freely confessing, in private, their persuasion that religion is altogether a farce and a delusion. In this unhappy and degraded number, we fear many of the priests theinselves must be included. To this unsatisfactory catalogue we may add the numerous professors of " indifferentism," who would be alarmed at being classed among decided infidels, and yet have just doubt enough of the reality of religion to reconcile them to a total neglect of its doctrines and its duties. Still, the supreme Ruler of the church universal is manifestly educing the highest good out of these deplorable evils. Mere nominal and outward religion cannot be consistent. Palpable inconsistency, especially in those who are evidently deriving worldly advantage from superstitious observances, necessarily excites inquiry. And though inquiry, when partially and heartlessly conducted, may seem to favour scepticism, we cannot doubt but that an honest examination and comparison of scriptural truth and of a deteriorated religion, must issue in the happiest results.

The amicable relations now subsisting between Britain and France, obviously impose upon us a serious responsibility, in reference to the spiritual interests of our continental neighbours. A wide and important field is clearly open to Christian philanthropy; yet such are the peculiarities of the French character, as to require sin. gular judgment and discretion, as well as a thorough knowledge of existing circum

stances, to cultivate that field with any reasonable prospect of success. This conviction has been greatly strengthened by the interesting statements of Mr. Sheppard, who, to a just conception of the national character, and a careful appreciation of the progressive influence of public events, civil and ecclesiastical, on its actual condition, has diligently applied his acutely-observant mind in gaining a knowledge of individual character, as opportunities arose in the course of his useful journey. The benevolence and affability of our excellent author appear often to have disarmed prejudice, and to have elicited the real sentiments and wishes of his casual associates, of whatever rank or profession they were. Hence, the conversations related in these letters possess a vivid interest, and afford, we doubt not, very faithful indications of the moral and religious state of the people generally. The work also abounds in wise and practical hints, addressed both to societies and individuals ; offered, indeed, with the author's characteristic modesty, yet evincing, in no small degree, that originality of thought and expansion of feeling which have pervaded Mr. Sheppard's former vo. lumes. Two of the chapters, especially, are fraught with judicious and discriminating suggestions. One of these, containing “ Hints to Travellers,'' we have inserted entire in our general chronicle for the present month. The other, presenting a luminous and comparative view of the societies actually engaged in the noble attempt of evangelising France, and interspersed with practical remarks of much value, will be given in our next number. We shall con. clude this notice by an appropriate extract from the author's last letter :

“On the whole, whether we consider the actual state of France, in regard to religion, the great need, acknowledged even by men not under its influence, of some powerful moral agency on the mass of the population --the symptoms of a returning bias towards Christian principles, wbich may be collected from the experience of societies and individuals, and from the indications of li. terature, --whether we look at the peculiar facilities of the present epoch, or back to those tokens which may be drawn from the history of a past age, or whether we contemplate the vast advantages for the revival and purification of Christianity throughout Europe, which would result from success in evangelising that country,-I see not how we can fail to be impressed with new convictions, that a proportion of our prayers and contributions should be addressed to the succour of this near and important cause."

pp. 24.

LETTERS to JOSEPH STURGE, Esq., in an- While we thank Mr. Sturge for the cou

swer to his Statements relating to the rage and self-denial he has displayed in his Arcadia Estate, in Jamaica, in the Jour. West Indian Mission, we are grieved to nal of his Visit to the West Indies. By fiod that he has come forward as the acWILLIAM ALERS HANKEY, Esq. 8vo. cuser of Mr. Hankey, without, as we think,

any sufficient, or even plausible pretext. T. Ward and Co.

If the facts, in reference to the Arcadia It is a lamentable fact, as bronght to affair, be as Mr. H. has stated them, and light by Mr. Sturge and other independent his letters contain internal evidence of their witnesses, that grievous oppressions and truth, we think he has been very unkindly, cruelties are still practised in the West not to say unjustly, treated by Mr. Sturge; Indies, under the new act. We always and we mistake that gentleman's character dreaded the operation of the apprenticeship very much, if he does not take an early opclause, and nothing has occurred under it portunity of setting himself and Mr. Hankey that we did not, in some measure, anti- right with the public. Between two such cipate. Where full freedom has been given, humane and excellent persons, we would fewest evils, of any kind, have been the wish to act with impartiality and kindness ; result. No one can look at the history of but we do intreat Mr. Sturge to rectify the stipendiary magistrates in Jamaica, statements much calculated to mislead and without feeling that they have either been abuse the Christian mind of this country, the victims of oppression themselves, or and which we are satisfied he must have the instruments of oppression to others. made in ignorance of the case. As they have become the tools of the plant. ers, they have forgotten their duties to the coloured race; and as they have been faith- The Poetical Works of Thomas Prin. ful to their delegated trust, they have, in

GLE. With a Sketch of his Life. By too many instances, exposed themselves to

LEITCH RITCHIE. 8vo. the revengeful feelings of overseers or pro

Edward Moxon, Dover-street. prietors of estates. Mr. Sturge and his friend, The name of Thomas Pringle will be Mr. Harvey, have, indeed, disclosed a mourn- honoured by all the friends of humanity for fal catalogue of wrongs, which cry to Hea- ages to come. The noble struggle which ven for vengeance on the perpetrators, and he made for the freedom of the aboriginal which demand redress-vigorous redress- tribes of South Africa, and his devoted uncompromising redress from the Executive labours at home in the cause of negro Government of this enlightened, humane, emancipation, as the Secretary of the Antiand Christian land. If we hesitate as to Slavery Society, entitle him to the grateful the propriety of fresh legislation, it is not remembrance of all the wise and the good. that we think well of the apprenticeship He sunk into an early grave, leaving an clause, nor because we consent that these amiable and attached widow to buffet with scenes should be repeated, of which Mr. the sorrows of life, amidst innumerable priSturge so justly complains; but solely be. vations, for which she was altogether uncause we are induced to hope, that public prepared. opinion, and the corrective process of law, The present elegant edition of her hus. will yet reach them; and because we are band's poems, many of which have been satisfied that her Majesty's ministers have pronounced by the best judges to be of every wish to secure for the negro race, in high merit, has been published with a view our West Indian colonies, all the immunities to her benefit. And surely there are few, to which they are fairly entitled under the indeed, in respectable life, who will not abolition act. But should the despatches be disposed to expend a guinea with a view of Lord Glenelg, and such other means as to promote the comfort of one who, for so the Executive may think fit to employ, in long a period, solaced the heart of a most checking the unbridled cruelty of certain devoted servant of the public; a man of portions of the West Indian planters, or genius; a philanthropist; and, we trust we their agents, prove abortive, we shall be may add, a sincere Christian. The volume among the most determined and persevering is beautifully printed; and the sketch of in demanding an entire change in the state Mr. Pringle's life will be truly acceptable to of the law, at whatever cost of labour, or those who are unacquainted with his inby whatever excitement of the national feel. teresting career of public service. His poetry ing. We wait at present the result of the is far above mediocrity. He was a student efforts of Government to put down the evils of nature, and possessed the happy art of proved to exist; but if these efforts should embodying, in graceful imagery, the feel. fail, we pledge ourselves to do our utmost ings of early childhood and youth, and to rouse the indignancy of public feeling knew also how to describe the rural scenery against the guilty oppressors of an afflicted and manners of his native land. We canTace.

not but anticipate for this volume an exVOL, XVI.

tensive circulation, corresponding to its intrinsic merits, and the benevolent object for which it has been published.

of thought. Her style is very correct and energetic ; her views of human life are chastened and sober; and her moral and religious principles are simple and scriptural. There is no bigotry in her volumes ; yet there is no shrinking from the avowal of grand truths common to all true Christians. We could wish to see these useful volumes in the hands of every young lady on her leaving school. They would aid greatly in the formation of character ; in correcting current mistakes of life; in invigorating the intellect; in refining and elevating the taste ; and, above all, in imparting a high tone of moral and religious sentiment to the mind.

The Poetical Works of James MONTGOMERY. In Three Volumes. Royal 18mo.

Longman and Co. We have long wished to see a uniform and cheap edition of the works of the most distinguished Christian poet who now graces the annals of our English literature. That wish is now gratified to the full extent. The volumes before us, both as to size, neatness, and price, are every thing that could be wished. Since 1796, when our esteemed bard wrote his “Prison Amusements," down to the present moment, the poetic musings of Montgomery have been wont to beguile not a few of our leisure hours; and though other spirits of the age have taken a more daring flight, there have been none, of equal merit, who have so steadily pointed us to the wonders of Calvary, and the mysteries of redeeming love. Pieces we have read a hundred times, we can yet read with updiminished pleasure. There is a playful innocence about the mind of our author, which beguiles without vitiating, and interests without overwhelming. We pity the man who can rise from the perusal of his “World before the Flood;" his "Wanderer in Switzerland;" his “ West Indies;" his “ Pelican Island," without feeling his heart softened and improved.

Our readers are to be congratulated on the excellent likeness of the poet which embellishes our present number. He consented to sit for his portrait with the sole view of benefiting the widows of ministers receiving assistance from the profits arising from the sale of our work.

LETTERS on FREQUENT COMMUNION. By

the late Rer. John Mason, D.D., of New York. With Introductory Remarks, by the Rer. Joan MORISON, D.D. 18mo. pp. 142.

T. Ward and Co. The subject of these eloquent and argumentative letters is eminently deserving the attention of all the disciples of the Lord Je. sus. If they unfold the doctrine of Scripture, many, yea, most of the churches are living far below the true standard both of privi. lege and duty. Many of our Presbyterian brethren are yet contented to celebrate the death of their Lord twice a year ; while others of them, scarce more consistent, think it enough to approach the table of their Master once every three months. Good Mr. Romaine used to have the sacrament in his church every Lord's-day; and some of his brethren in the Establishment still follow his example. The Scotch and Irish Independents have it weekly; and the English Independents once a month. The duty of all Christians is, to ascertain the mind of Christ as conveyed in the doctrine and examples of the New Testament.

The perusal of Dr. Mason's Letters cannot fail to prove a benefit, even where his conclusions are not reached. We particularly recommend them to the candid notice of our Presbyterian brethren in the North, for whose benefit they were originally written.

Woman in her Social and DOMESTIC CAA.

RACTER. By Mrs. JOHN SANDFORD.

12mo. Fifth edition. FEMALE IMPROVEMENT. By Mrs. JOHN

SANDFORD, Author of “ Woman in her Social and Domestic Character.” In 2 vols. 12mo.

Longman and Co. The fair author of these volumes is the wife of the Rev. John Sandford, sometime minister of Long Acre chapel, and son of the late Bishop Sandford. She has shown herself to be possessed of no mean powers of discrimination in estimating the character of woman, in detecting her natural foibles and temptations, and in guiding her to the adoption of right principles of action. She reminds us more of Miss Hannah More than any other writer we have yet met with ; and she is scarcely less acute or less elegant in urging her several trains

WORKS RECENTLY PUBLISHED. 1. Lectures, illustrating the Contrast between True Christianity and various other Systems. By WILLIAM B. SPRAGUE, D.D., Author of " Letters to a Daughter," "Hints on Church Intercourse, &c. 12mo. Pp 374. Dinnis. This is a powerful Essay: the systems contrasted with Christianity are Atheism, Paganism, Deism, Mohammedanism, Romanism, Unitarianism, Antinomianism, Formalism, Sentimentalism, and Fanaticism.

2. Oriental Customs ; applied to the illustration of the Sacred Scriptures. By SAMUEL BURDEB, D.D., late of Clare Hall, Cambridge, &c. Second Edition with additions. 12mo. pp. 476. Longman and Co.

3. Winntiæ; or Little Things for Christ's Flock. By the Rev. J.W. PEERS, LL.D , Rector of Morden, Surrey, and of Ickleford-cum-Pirton, Herts. 12mo. pp. 572. A new Edition, much enlarged from the Papers of the Author, and re-arranged. Seeley.

4. Memoir of Mary Brill, Granddaughter of the late WILLIAM Fox, Esq., of Lechdale, Edited by the Author of "Emma de Lessau," "Sophia de Lessau," &c. 18mo. Charles Tilt.

3. Recollections of the Rev. Griffith Daries Owen, of Maidenhead, Berks. By J. K. Foster, Cheshunt College. 12mo. pp. 136. W. E. Painter, Strand. 6. Essay on the Nature and Perpetuity of the Office of the Primitive Evangelist. By DAVID DOUGLAS, Pastor of the Baptist Church, Hamsterley, Durham. 12mo. pp. 186. Ward and Co.

7. A Legend of the Puritans; or, the Influence of Poetry and Religion on the Female Character, with other Poems. By Susan FISHER. 12mo. pp. 92. Simpkin and Marshall. 8. Sermons, addressed chießy to Young Persons ;

with a Sermon, and Appendix, on the benefit of
Scriptural Instruction. By MATTHEW MORRIS
PRESTOX, M.A., Vicar of Cheshunt, late Fellow of
Trinity College, Cambridge. 8vo. Pp. 312. W.
Crofts, Chancery-lane.

9. The Dilemmas of a Churchman. By C. LushINGTON, Esq., M.P. Ridgway, Piccadilly,

10. On the Law of Christ respecting Civil Obedience, especially in the payment of Tribute; with an Appendix of Notes and Documents. By JOHN BROWN, D.D., Minister of the United Associate Congregation, Broughton-place, and Professor of Exegetical Theology to the United Secession Church. Parts I. and II. Second Edition, pp. 190. Simpkin and Marshall.

11. The Fear of the Lord the Guardian of Youth, including a series of Counsels

and Warnings to twelve distinct classes of the Young. By Jonx Morison, D.D., Author of “Counsels to Young Men on Modern Intidelity, and the Evidences of Christianity," &c. &c. &c. 18mo. Ward and Co.

OBITUARY

to you.

JOSEPH REYNER, ESQ.

mankind. I refer particularly to the MisTo the Editor of the Evangelical Magazine. sionary, Religious Tract, and British and

Foreign Bible Societies, How little we MY DEAR SIR,—I only lately observed, know what shall be the future history of a in your notices to correspondents, on one parcel of boys, whom we see rushing from of the covers of your Magazine, published a country school-house, with great noise a few months ago, that you had had a letter and hilarity of spirits. On such an occa. expressing surprise that nothing had ap- sion, I have sometimes said to myself, peared in your Magazine referring to the “ Perhaps I am beholding the kernel of a late well-known Joseph Reyner, Esq. The Lord Chancellor, an Archbishop of Canter. reason you gave was sufficient, because bury, a George Whitefield, or a Captain nothing respecting him had been forwarded Cook !"

Long before Mr. Reyner became partner On reading that notice I felt reproved, for with Mr. Hardcastle, he was in business Mr. Reyner was certainly no ordinary cha- for himself as a general merchant, but recter, and few persons, besides his own chiefly in the cotton line, importing it from family, had more familiar and frequent in- various parts of the world. At one time tercourse with him than I had the privilege he sustained so heavy a loss, that he was to hare, for upwards of thirty years.

under the necessity of compounding with When on a visit to London from Edin. his creditors, but afterwards prospering in burgh, I think about the year 1798, I was business, he refunded to them all they had introduced to Mr. Reyner, by his worthy lost by his failure. I was for years intipartner, the late Joseph Hardcastle, Esq., mately associating with him, without his who was then, and for many years after, giving me the most distant hint that God treasurer to the London Missionary Society, had enabled him to perform so generous and one of the most amiable, benevolent, and just a deed. I think the first time I liberal, and useful citizens in the great heard of it was, when on a visit to Edinmetropolis.

burgh, I was dining at Mr. Robert HalThese partners came from the same part dane's, where the late Mr. Andrew Fuller, of the country, viz., in the vicinity of Leeds, of Kettering, also dined ; who, after dinand when boys were accustomed to play with ner, mentioned Mr. Reyner's loss, failure, each other, little dreaming that one day and after-prosperity in business, and then they should form one of the most respect- of his calling on his creditors, in his usual able mercantile houses in the most com- quiet way, saying to each, “ I am come to mercial city of the world, and be leaders in pay my debt."' On turning up their books, producing and promoting such important each generally said, “Mr. Reyner, you institutions as were novelties in our world, owe us nothing !" " But I do, for you and prodaced a new era in the history of will find in that paper,” which he handed

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