« VorigeDoorgaan »
Account of the Mutineers in the Boun- driven from the ship, the twenty-five ty, 1789.
mutineers proceeded with her to Too(From the Quarterly Review.) bonai, where they proposed to settle ; (T
1789 his Majesty's armed vessel little encouragement, they returned the Bounty, while employed in con- to Otaheite, and having there laid veying the bread fruit tree from Ota- in a large supply of stock, they once heite to the British colonies in the more took their departure for TouWest Indies, was taken from her com- houai, carrying with them eight men, mander, Lieutenant William Bligh, pine women and seven boys, natives by a part of the crew, who, headed of Otaheite. They commenced, on by Fletcher Christian, a master's their second arrival, the building of mate, mutipied off the island of To. a fort, but by divisions among themfoa, put the lieutenant, with the re. selves and quarrels with the natives, mainder of the crew, consisting of the design was abandoned. Chriseighteen persons, into the launch, tian, the leader, also very soon diy. which after a passage of 1200 leagues, covered that his authority over his providentially arrived at a Dutch set- accomplices was at an end; he theretlement on the Island of Timor. The fore proposed that they should return mutineers, twenty-five in number, to Otaheite ; that as many as chose were supposed, from some expres- it should be put on shore at that sions which escaped them, when the island, and that the rest should prolaunch was turned a-drift, to have ceed in the ship to any other place made sail towards Otaheite. As soon they might think proper. Accordas this circumstance was known to ingly they once more put to sea, and the Admiralty, Captain Edwards was reached Matavai on the 20th of Sepordered to proceed in the Pandora to tember, 1789. that Island, and endeavour to discover Here sixteen of the five and twenty and bring to Englaud the Bounty, desired to be landed, fourteen of with such of the crew as he might whom, as already mentioned, were be able to secure.
On his arrival in taken on board the Pandora ; of the March, 1791, at Matavai Bay, in other two, as reported by Coleman, Otaheite, four of the mutineers came (the first who surrendered himself to voluntarily on board the Pandora to Captain Edwards) one had been made surrender themselves; and from in- a chief, killed his companion, and formation given by them, ten others was shortly afterwards murdered him(the whole number alive upon the self by the natives. island) were, in the course of a few Christian, with the remaining eight days taken ; and with the exception of the mutineers, having taken on of four, who perished in the wreck of board several of the natives of Otathe Pandora, near Endeavour Strait, heite, the greater part women, put conveyed to England for trial before to sea on the night between 21st and a court martial, which adjudged six 220 September, 1789; in the mornof them to suffer death, and acquitted ing the ship was discovered from the other four.
Point Venus, steering in a north-wesFrom the accounts given by these terly direction; and here terminate men, as well as from some documents the accounts given by the mutineers that were preserved, it appeared that who were either taken or surrendered as soon as Lieutenant Bligh had been themselves at Matayai Bay. They
stated, however, that Christian, on of the Bounty's crew, and that after put. the night of his departure, was heard ting Captain Bligh in the boat, with half to declare that he should seek for the ship's company, they returned to Otasome uninhabited island, and having heite, where part of their crew chose to established luis party, break up the tarry; but Mr. Christian, with eight others,
including himself, preferred going to a ship; but all endeavours of Captain Edwards to gain intelligence either short stay al Otaheite, where they took
more remote place ; and, after making a of the ship or her crew at any of the wives, and six men servants, they pronumerous islands visited by the Pando- ceeded to Pitcairn's Island, where they
destroyed the ship, after taking every From this period, no information thing out of her which they thought would respectiny Christian or his compan- be useful to them. About dix years after ions reached England for twenty they landed at this place, their servants years; when, about the beginning of attacked and killed all the English, exthe year 1809, Sir Sidney Smith, cepting the informant, and he was severely then commander in chief on the Bra- wouuded. The same night the Otaheitan
widows arose and murdered all their counzil station, transmitted to the Admi
trymen, leaving Smith with their widows ralty à paper which he had received and children, where he had resided ever from Lieutenant Fitzmaurice, pur- since without being resisted. I remained porting to be an “ extract from the but a short time on the island, and on log-book of Captain Folger of the leaving it, Smith presented me a timeAmerican ship Topaz," and dated piece, and an azimuth compass, which he
Valparaiso, 10th October, 1808." told me belonged to the Bounty. The This we partly verified in our Review
time-keeper was taken from me by the of Dentrecasteaux's Voyage, by ascer
Governor of the Island Juan Fernandez,
after I had had it in my possession about taining that the Bonty had on board
six weeks. The coinpass I put in repair a chronometer, made by Kendal, and
on board my ship, and made use of it on that there was on board her a man of
my homeward passage, since which a new the name of Alexander Smith, a native card has been put to by an instrument of London.
maker in Boston. I now forward it to your About the commencement of the lordships, thinking there will be a kind of present year, Rear Admiral Hotham, satisfaction in receiving it, merely from when cruising off New London, re. the extraordinary circumstances attending ceived a letter addressed to the lords it. of the Admiralty, of which the fol
(Signed) Mayhew FOLGER.” lowing is a copy, together with the
Nearly about the same time a fur. azimuth compass to which it refers : ther account of these interesting peo
ple was received from Vice-Admiral “ Nantucket, Ist March, 1813.
Dixon, in a letter addressed to him 66 MY LORDS,
by Sir Thomas Staines, of his Majes“ The remarkable circumstance which ty's ship Briton, of which the followtook place on my last voyage to the Paci.
ing is a copy : fic Ocean, will, I trust, plead my apology for addressing your lordships at this time. “ Briton, Valparaiso, 18th Oct. 1814, In February, 1808, I touched at Pitcairn's Island, in latitude 25° 02' s. longitude “ I have the honour to inform you that 1300 W. from Greenwich. My principal on my passage from the Marquesas Isobject was to procure seal-skins for the lands to this port, on the morning of the China narkei; and from the account 17th of September, I fell in with an island given of the island, in Captain Carteret's where none is laid down in the Admiralty, voyage, I supposed it was uninhabited; or other charts, according to the several but, on approaching the shore in my boat, chronometers of the Briton and Tagus. I I was met by three young men in a double therefore hove to, until day-light, and then cuuoe, with a present, consisting of some closed to ascertain whether it was inhabited, fruit and a hog : they spoke to me in the which I soon discoverrd it to be ; and, to English language, and informed me that my great astonishment, found that every they were born on the island, and their individual on the island (forty in number) father was an Englishman, who had sailed spoke very good English. They prove to with Captain Bligh.
be the descendants of the deluded crew of “ After discoursing with them a short the Bounty, which from Otaheite, protiine, I landed with them and found an ceeded to the above mentioned island, Englishman of the name of Alexander where the ship was burnt. Sinith, who informed me that he was one “Christian appeared to have been the
Account of the Mutineers in the Bounty, 1789.
3 leader and sole cause of the mutiny in thai society, which, we doubt not, will ship. A venerable old man, named Johu interest our readers as much as they Adams, is the only surviving English- have ourselves. As the real position man of those who lasi quitted Vtaheite in of the island was ascertained to be her, and wbose exemplary conduct and
so far distant from that in which it is fatherly care of the whole of the little colony, could not but command admiration. usually laid down in the charts, and The pious manner in which all those born
as the captains of the Briton and Taon the island have been reared; the cor- gus, seem to have still considered it rect sense of religion which has been in- as uninhabited they were not a little stilled into their young minds by this old surprised, on approaching its shores, man, has given him the pre-eminence over to behold plantations regularly laid out, the whole of them, to whom they look and huts or houses more neatly conup as the father of the whole of one fa- tructed than those on the Marquesas mily.
Islands. When about two miles from « A son of Christian's was the first the shore, some natives were observed born on the island, now about twenty-five bringing down their canoes on their years of age, (named Thursday October Christian ;) the elder Christian fell a sacri. shoulders, dashing through a heavy fice to the jealousy of an Otaheitan man, surf, and paddling off to the ships ; within three or four years after their arri- but their astonishment was unboundval on the island. They were accompa- ed on hearing one of them, on apnied thither by six Otabeitan men and proaching the ship, call out in the twelve women; the former were all swept English language, “Won't you heave away by desperate contentions between
us a rope, now?" them and the Englishmen, and five of the The first man who got on board latter have died at different periods, leave the Britou soon proved who they were. jug at present only one man and seven women of the original settlers."
His name, he said, was Thursday Oc“ The island must undoubtedly be that tober Christian, the first born on the called Pitcairn's, although erroneously island. He was then about five and laid down in the charts. We had the me- twenty years of age, and is described ridian sun, close to it, wbich gave us as a fine young man, about six feet 25° 4'S, latitude, and 130° 25' W. longi- high; his hair deep black; his countude, by chronometers of the Briton and tenance open and interesting ; of a Tagus.
Lrownish cast, but free from that “It is abundant in yams, plantains, mixture of a reddish tint which prehogs, goats and fowls, but affords no shel- vails on the Pacific Islands ; his only ter for å ship, or vessel of any description; dress was a piece of cloth round his neither could a ship water there without great difficulty.
loins, and a straw hat ornamented " I cannot, however, refrain from of- with the black feathers of the domesfering my opinion that it is well worthy tic fowl. “ With a great share of the attention of our landable religious so- good humour,” says Captain Pipon, cieties, particularly that for propagating we were glad to trace in his benevotbe Christian religion, the whole of the lent countenance all the features of inbabitants speaking the Otaheitan tongue an honest English facc."-"I must as well as English.
confess," he coutinues, “ I could not “ During the whole of the time they survey this interesting person without have been on the island, only one ship has feelings oftenderness and compassion.” ever communicated with them, which
took His companion was named George place about six years since by an American ship called the Topaz, of Boston, Young, a fine youth of seventeen or Mayhew Folger, Master.
eighteen years of age. If the asto* The island is completely iron bound, nishment of the captains was great with rocky shores, and landing in boats, on hearing their first salutation in at all times difficult, although safe to ap- English, their surprise and interest proach within a short distance in a ship. were not a little increased on Sir Tho. (Signed)
T. STAINES." mas Staine's taking the youths below We have been favoured with some
and setting before them something to further particulars on this singular
eat, when one of them rose up, and placing his hands together in a pos
ture of devotion, distinctly repeated, • There was no such name in the Boun- and in a pleasing tone and manner, ty's crew; he must have assumed it in lieu “ For what we are going to receive, ci his real name, Alexander Smith. the Lord make us truly thankful.”
They expressed great surprise on see- the upper part of the body was ening a cow on board the Briton, and tirely exposed ; and it is not possible were in doubt whether she was a to conceive more beautiful forms than great goat or a horned sow.
they exhibited. They sometimes The two captains of his Majesty's wreath caps or bonnets for the head ships accompanied these young men in the most tasty manner, to protect or shore : with some difficulty and the face from the rays of the sun ; a good wetting, and with the assis- and though as Captain Pipon observes, tance of their conductors, they ac- they have only had the instruction of complished a landing through the their (taheitan mothers, “our dresssurf, and were soon after met by Jobr. makers in London would be delighted Adams, a man between fifty and sixty with the simplicity, and yet elegant years of age, who conducted them to taste, of these untaught females." his house. His wife accompanied Their native modesty, assisted by a him, a very old lady, blind with age. proper sense of religion and morality, He was at first alarmed lest the visit instilled into their youthful minds was to apprehend him ; but on heing by John Adams, has hitherto pretold that they were perfectly ignorant served these interesting people per. of his existence, he was relieved from fectly chaste and free from all kinds his anxiety. Being once assured that of debauchery. Adams assured the visithis visit was of a peaceable nature, tors, that since Christian's death there it is impossible to describe the joy had not been a single instance of any these poor people manifested on see- young woman proving unchaste; ing those whom they were pleased to nor any attempt at seduction on the consider as their countrymen. Yams, part of the men. They all labour cocoa-nuts, and other fruits, with five while young in the cultivation of the fresh eggs, were laid before thenı; ground; and when possessed of a and the old man would have killed sufficient quantity of cleared land and and dressed a hog for his visitors, but of stock to maintain a family, they time would not allow them to par- are allowed to marry, but always take of his intended feast.
with the conscnt of Adams, who This interesting new colony, it unites them by a sort of marriage ceseemed, now consisted of about forty- remony of his own. sis persons, mostly grown up young The greatest harmony prevailed in people, besides a number of infants. this little society ; their only quarThe young men all born on the island rels, and these rarely happened, being, were very athletic and of the finest according to their own expression, forms, their countenances open and quarrels of the month: they are hopleasing, indicating much benevo- best in their dealings, which consist lence and goodness of heart: but the of bartering different articles for muyoung women were objects of parti- tual accommodation. cular admiration, tall, robust, and Their habitations are extremely beautifully formed, their faces beam- neat: the little village of Pitcairn ing with smiles and unrufiled good forms a pretty square, the houses at hunour, but wearing a degree of mo- the upper end of which are occupied desty and bashfulness that would do by the patriarch John Adams, and honour to the most virtuous nation his family, consisting of his old blind on earth ; their teeth like ivory, were wife and three daughters, from fifteen regular and beautiful, without a sin- to eighteen years of age, and a boy gle exception ; and all of them, both of eleven ; a daughter of his wife by male and female, had the most mark- a former husband, and a son-in-law. ed English features. The clothing of On the opposite side is the dwelling the young females consisted of a piece of Thursday October Christian ; and of linen reaching from the waist to in the centre is a smooth verdant the kness, and generally a sort of lawn on which the poult mantle thrown loosely over the shoul- loose, fenced in so as to prevent the ders, and hanging as low as the an- intrusion of the domestic quadrupeds. cles ; but this covering appeared to All that was done was obviously unbe intended chiefly as a protection dertaken on a settled plan, unlike against the sun and the weather, as to any thing to be met with on the it was frequently laid aside, and then other islands. lu their houses too,