pended on Thiers. In 1849 I was Min-1 “In Latin," answered Maury, “far ister of Finance. Blanqui — not the above the average of educated Frenchconspirator, but the political economist men, perhaps on a par with elucated

- came to ask me to call on Thiers, and Englishmen: he reads without difficulty.” see whether we could come to an arrange- We continued to talk about Louis Nament under which Thiers would support poleon after Maury had left us. Mdme. Cavaignac. I said that Thiers was, in R. showed me a vase of jade, taken from many respects, a much greater man than the palace in Pekin. When sent to her 1, but still, as he was a mere private per- the day before yesterday it came without son, and I was a minister, he ought to the cover. This morning Thelern, the call on me. Thiers is proud and punctil- Emperor's servant, who managed his ious; he would not visit me, but it was escape from Ham, brought her the cover. agreed that he should come to me on the “ The Emperor," he said, “ spent all yesministerial bench, and that we should go terday in looking for it.” out and discuss the matter in the corri- “He is a strange being,” said Mdme. dors. We had a long conversation, but R. : one who did not know him would it ended in nothing."

think that he had enough to do without “ What caused the failure ?" I asked. wasting a day in looking for the cover of

“He imposed," said T. C., "conditions a vase ; but it is like him. His mind which we could not accept."

wants keeping. A trifle close to his eyes hides from him the largest object at a

distance ; I have no doubt what Thelern I called on Mdme. R., and found there said was true, and that he did spend three M. Maury, of the Academy of Inscrip- or four hours yesterday hunting for the tions. He is assisting Louis Napoleon cover of that vase. He wished to send it in his work on Julius Cæsar. I asked to me, and for the time that wish abafter its progress.

sorbed him." * Much,” he answered, “is finished, " What are your relations with him and the materials for the rest are collect- now?” I asked. ed. He is still on his introduction, and “We do not meet," she answered, is now at the times of the Gracchi. But“ but we correspond. I am his intermésome subsequent portions are completed, diaire with many of the German literati. particularly the story of Catiline.”

I get for him information for his book, as “ Catiline," said Mdme. R., was al- I did when he was at Ham for his work ways one of his favourites. He main- on Artillery. We lived together," she tained that Cicero and Sallust were un continued," "from our births till I was just to him. At one time he almost about fourteen, and he about fifteen. thought him a patriot incompris, until he During the first seven years of this time found that he had pillaged Africa as gov- he was surrounded by all the splendour ernor, and escaped condemnation only of a court. During the last eight years by being defended by Cicero."

he was in Germany, looked down on by “ He says, with truth,” said Maury, the Germans, who would scarcely admit 6 that if Catiline had been, as Cicero the Buonapartes to be gentry, and would makes him out, a mere robber who wished call him Monsieur Buonaparte, and seeto burn and pillage Rome, he would have ing no one but his mother and her suite. raised the slaves. The Emperor treats * Afterwards he lived in Italy and in him as the leader of a political party, an Switzerland, among Italians and Swiss, extreme one, a mischievous one, but not but never with French people. a band of robbers and assassins."

“ His long exclusion from the society " Is the Emperor," I asked, “ still ab- of the higher classes of his own countrysorbed in his literary work ?

men, and, in a great measure, from the As much as ever,” answered Maury. higher classes of the foreigners among “To-day when I entered he was dictating whom he resided, did him harm in many a portion of it. He thinks much more ways. It is wonderful that it did not about it than about Italy. He does not spoil his manners ; he was saved, perlike the theatre, excepting sometimes haps, by having always before him so farces that amuse him ; he cares little for admirable a model as his mother. But it society. His delight is to get to his study, made him somewhat of a parvenu, what put on his dressing-gown and slippers, you would call a tuft-hunter. He looked and work at his history.”

up to people of high rank with a mixture “ What sort of a scholar is he?” I of admiration, envy, and dislike; the asked.

more difficult he found it to get into their

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society, the more he disliked them, and habits, imprisonment will kill me in a few the more he courted them.

years, and my will may not be respected.

You had better take the value of your April 11, 1861.— Mdme. R., Mrs. Grote, pension while I am allowed to pay it to Mdme. Mohl, Circourt, Target, Duver- you.' gier, and Luvergne breakfasted with us. “ Almost all that remained he spent in

Circourt told us that he had acquired a allowances to those who had accomnew neighbour, the Emperor, who has panied him in his expedition and were in purchased Malmaison, and a considerable different prisons. Persigny had a great tract all round it, and is busy planting deal. The result was that during the and gardening

latter part of his imprisonment he was “He comes to Malmaison,” said Cir- very poor, and had the utmost dificulty court, “ once or twice a week ; pointing in getting together the money necessary out, indeed, writing on little tickets with for his escape.” his own hand, the place for every shrub. He is a most considerate purchaser; Monday, April 7, 1862. — I called on pays liberally, and is anxious that no one Mdme. R. shall suffer inconvenience by removal. We talked of Louis Napoleon. A strange contrast to the indifference “A single day," said she, “ changed his with which he turns tens of thousands character. Until the death of his elder into the streets to make a boulevard or a brother he was mild, unambitious, imsquare.”

pressionable, affectionate, delighting in “I have often said of him," said Mdme. country pursuits, in nature, in art, and in R.,“ qu'il a la sensibilité dans l'ail. He literature. He frequently said to me, not is deeply affected by any distress that he when he was a child, but at the age of actually sees; he is indifferent to any nineteen and twenty, What a blessing that is not brought before him in detail. that I have two before me in the succesOne day I found him at Ham in great sion: the Duc de Reichstadt and my brothgrief. The man who waited on him had er, so that I can be happy in my own way died the day before, leaving a wife and instead of being, as the head of our house family in distress. “I gave them,' he said must be, the slave of a mission.' to me, ‘300 francs, but that will do little.' “ From the day of his brother's death,

66 • How much have you left ?' I asked. he was a different man. I can compare Sixty,' he answered. “I can manage his feelings as to his mission only to with that for a fortnight, until my next re- those which urged our first apostles and mittances come. The government must martyrs." lodge and feed me. While we were talk- What,” I asked, “is the sense in ing, the man's daughter, a girl of about which he understands his mission?" fourteen, came in to thank him. She was “ It is a devotion,” she answered, " first weeping, and he began to sob too. Sud- to the Napoleonic dynasty, and then to denly be went to his escritoire, took out France. It is not personal ambition. the sixty francs that he had left, and gave He has always said, and I believe siathem to her. “It is lucky,' I said, “that I cerely, that if there were any better han:ls have too francs more than my journey will to which he could transmit that duty he cost me. So I gave them to him, or I would do so with delight. should have left him utterly penniless." “ His duty to his dynasty is to per

“How came he to be so poor?” I petuate it. His duty to France is to give asked. “I was told that when he was her influence abroad and prosperity at taken at Boulogne he had 160,000 francs, home." which were deposited with the maire, and " And also," I asked, "extension of returned to him after his trial ?"

territory ?” “ He had much more than that,” an- “ Not now," she answered, “I will not swered Mdme. R. " His coat was lined say what may have been his wishes bewith bank notes. It disappeared, with its fore the birth of his son, but what I have contents; but, as you say, the 160,000 called devotion to his dynasty, is rather francs were returned to him. He sold, worship of his son. One of his besetting too, almost all the little property which he fears is the revival of an European coalihad; but nearly all went in buying up the tion, not so much against France as pensions to which the old servants of his against the Buonapartes, and the renewal mother were entitled.

of the proscription of the fanily." “ He said to them, I am condemned “I have been told," I said, that he to imprisonment for life. With my active leans towards constitutionalism as more


favourable to hereditary succession than become bright and his lips quivır. His despotism."

long moustache is intended to conceal his “I believe," she answered, “that to be mouth, and he has disciplined his eyes. true, and that it is the explanation of his When I first saw him in 1845 I asked recent liberalism. He hates, without him what was the matter with his eyes. doubt, opposition; he hates restraint ; Nothing,' he said. A day or two after I but if he thinks that submitting to oppo- saw him again. They had still an odd sition will promote his great object, the appearance. At last I found that he had perpetuation of his dynasty, he will do been accustoming himself to keep his

eyelids closed, and to throw into his eyes “ He would sacrifice to that object, Eu- a vacant dreamy expression. rope, France, his dearest friends, and “I cannot better describe the change even himself.

that came over him after his brother's “One of his qualities — and it is a death than by saying that he tore his heart valuable one, is his willingness to ad- out of his bosom, and surrendered himjourn, to change, or even to give up his self to his head. means, however dear they may be to him, “Once I found him reading Hernani. if any safer or better occur to him.”' * "How wonderfully fine it is,' he said. “I

“ Another is the readiness with which know,' I said, ' what you admire in it. It he confesses his mistakes. His last con- is the picture of a man driven on by irrefession, "'I said, “was perhaps too full and sistible destiny. You are thinking of the too frank.”

Hernani qui n'est pas un homme comme “So I think,” said Mdme. R., “but by les autres.' making it he enjoyed another pleasure, Ah,' he answered, 'que vous m'avez that of astonishing. He delights in l'im- bien deviné.?" prévu, in making Europe and France, “ Pray show me," I said, "the passage and, above all, his own ministers stare. to which you referred." When it is necessary to act, he does not “ He took down the Théâtre de Victor consult his friends, still less his minis- Hugo and rend to me the following verses ters, and perhaps he is right, for they from the fourth scene of the third act of would give him only bad advice; he does Hernani not conscientiously think the matter over,

Tu me crois, peut-être, weigh the opposing reasons, strike the Un homme comme sont tous les autres, un être balance and act. He takes his cigar, Intelligent qui court droit au but qu'il rêva; gives loose to his ideas, lets them follow Détrompe-toi. Je suis une force qui va. one another without exercising over them Où vais-je ? Je ne sais, mais je me sens poussé his will, till at last someting pleases his D'un souffle impétueux, d'un destin insensé, imagination, he seizes it, and thinks him- l'avance et j'avance; si jamais je m'arrête self inspired. Sometimes the inspiration Si parfois, haletant, j'ose tourner la tête

Une voix me dit — inarche. is good, as it was when he released Abd el Kader, sometimes it is very bad, “Now,” she continued, “when, as he as it was when he chose the same thinks, his mission is fulfilled, his former time for opening the discussion of the nature is returning. He is becoming mild address, and revealing the state of our and affectionate. Vany parts of his disfinances."

position are feminine. He adores his “C.," I said, “ treats his phlegm as his child with the affection rather of a mothgreatest quality, qu'il ne s'étonne de er than of a father. He puts me in mind rien."

of the pictures in which the Virgin is “ Did C.,” she answered, "ever de- looking on the infant Jesus with an exscribe to you his fits of passion ?” pression, half love and half worship. The “No,” I said.

boy is intelligent and serious, no common “ Probably," she answered, “he never child. perceived them. His powers of self-com- “ On the whole the best of the Buona. mand are really marvellous. I have partes is the Emperor, and as I said beknown him after a conversation in which fore, power is improving him, notwithhe betrayed no anger break his own fur- standing his detestable entourage. He is niture in his rage. The first sign of rage a bad judge of men, he is shy, he hates in him is a swelling of his nostrils, like new faces, he hates to refuse anything to those of an excited horse. Then his eyes anybody, and he keeps about him men

unable, and, if they were able, unwilling • M. de Tocqueville said of him, “ Il sait reculer." to give him advice, whose only object is

to plunder him and the public purse."

- M. C. M. S.


“Do you agree,” I said, “in the gener- “Then there was silence which the al opinion that he is sinking in public es- Emperor broke by saying, “Je crois que timation ?"

nous ferions mieux de nous asseoir. He “ I do,” she answered, “and I suspect stood with his back to the fire, the Emthat he feels it himself, and, as I said be- press and I sitting on each side, and fore, that he is trying to recover himself Mdme. Walewska behind the Empress. by promoting public prosperity, and by Then again there was a silence, and the an approach to constitutional govern- child was sent for. ment."

“I took him in my arms and kissed “I expect,” I said, “ when I am here him. He looked astonished. The Ennext year to find that you have renewed peror took him between his knees, and your old relations to him."

told him to repeat one of his fables. "I “I do not know," she answered. have forgotten,' the boy said, 'the ends “When people once intimate have been of them all.' • Then tell us the beginning separated for ten years, there is shyness of one of them. I have forgotten the on both sides.

beginning. “Then let us have the mid" In the mean time he is constantly dle.' Mais, papa, où commence le miwriting to me. On the jour de l'an, lieu ?' though he had been receiving people and

“ It was clear that he would not show addresses all day, he found time to send off, so he was allowed to go to his pony. me a note to say that he could not let the “« Cette dame,' he said to his mother day pass without expressing his good in the evening, doit avoir été très-rance wishes.

amie de papa, ou elle ne m'aurait pis em" He knows too, how much I detest brassé.' his Idées Napoléoniennes. If we talk it 66 The child had broken the ice, though must be on the neutral ground of his Life still there was some restraint; but it of Cæsar. There we shall sympathize, for wore off, and we talked as familiarly as it is very good.

As I went he said, 'J'espère que “From time to time he is absolutely tu ne me quittes pas pour douze ans.' engrossed by it. And he has all the help “ Since that time I see him or the Emthat money and power can procure." press two or three times a week. I find

him in the evenings alone in his cabinet, Sunday, April 5, 1863. — Mdme. R. at work on his Cæsar; but he is glad 10 breakfasted with us.

break it off, and to talk to me for hours “Every time,” I said, “ that I return to on old times. He is quite unembarrassed, Paris, I expect to find you reconciled to for, his conscience does not reproach him the Emperor."

- indeed, no Buonaparte ever has to “ At last,” she answered, “you are complain of his conscience. right. On the 5th of last month he wrote “ I sometimes forget all that has passed to me to say that for twelve years I had since we saw one another for thie list refused to see him, and that perhaps I time before December 1851, when he was should persist, but that he could not bear still an innocent man. But from time to the thought that he ight die before 1 time the destruction of our liberties, the had embraced his child. That the next massacres of 1851, the deportations of day the boy would be seven years old. 1852, and the cruelties which rerenged Mdme. Walewska would call on me at one the Attentat rise to my mind, and I shrink o'clock on that day, and that he could not from the embrace of a man stained with avoid indulging a hope that I would allow the blood of many of my friends." her to take me to the Tuileries. I could “Do you see the Empress and the not refuse. The next day she came and child ?" I asked. took me thither. As we entered his cab- “ Constantly,” she answered. The inet the door was closed, and I found my- child flies into my arms, and the Emself in the presence of the Emperor and press is all kindness and graciousness. the Empress. He was the nearest and She is a Spaniard ; she wants knowltook me by the hand. He stood still for edge ; in fact, she wants education : but an instant, then ran forward, took me by she is very seductive. 'She is strict with the arm, threw himself on my neck and the child, and manages hin better than kissed me. I kissed him, and we all of the Emperor does ; who, in fact, does us, including the Empress and Mdme. not manage him at all. Walewska, began to weep.

• Méchante “ Louis Napoleon is slow both in confemme,' exclaimed the Emperor, óvoilà ception and in execution. He meditates douze ans que tu me tiens rigueur !' his plans long, thinks over every detail,


waits for an opportunity, which, when it sacred royal caste. If his aristocracy is comes, he does not always seize : he not of the purest blood, it is at least rich. often keeps deferring and deferring exe- Have you seen Michel Chevalier's cution until execution has become impos- building in the Avenue de l'Impératrice ? sible or useless. But he forgets nothing It is to cost a million. Evans, the Emthat he has learned, he renounces noth- peror's dentist, has become a millionaire. ing that he has planned.

He had early information that the Ave“On the 29th of January 1849, six nue de l'Impératrice was to be created, weeks after he became President, he in- and bought land at low prices which is tended a coup d'état. He read his plan now worth 250,000 francs an acre. Perto Changarnier, and the instant Chan- signy is building a palace at Chamarand.” garnier began to oppose it, he folded up * Not out of his savings,” I said, “ for the paper and was silent.

his salary as minister is not above 120,“ But he never abandoned it, and two ooo francs, and as senator 35,000, and he years and a half afterwards he executed must spend the whole."

“ Nor does he,” said Madame R., “ do “What," I asked, “are Louis Napo- as most of the others do, steal or take leon's habits now?"

pots de vin. The Emperor gives him “Worse than they used to be," she an- whatever he wants.” swered. “He rides little, walks little, and is getting fat. He hates more and April 20, 1863.- We breakfasted with more the details of business, and yet is Mdme. R., and met there Renan and more and more afraid of trusting them to Maury, librarian of the Institute, the Emhis ministers. But his Cæsar absorbs peror's principal assistant in his Life of and consoles him. He said to the bureau Casar. I asked Mdme. R. when she had of the Academy, when they came to an- last seen the Emperor. nounce the election of Feuillet, ‘Je tra- Yesterday,” she said. It is arranged vaille à me rendre digne de vous. He that I go to him every Sunday at five, thought at one time of offering himself and stay till a quarter to seven, when he for the vacancy made by Pasquier. He has to dress for dinner, but often, as was intended to be present at his own recep- the case yesterday, he keeps me much tion, and to read in the frightful academic longer, and then he has to run for it, that green coat the éloge of his predecessor, he may not exhaust the patience of the and to characterize the nine different Empress and of the chef. He delights governments which Pasquier had served. to talk to a person not bound by etiquette,

* But with his habits of procrastina- who can question him and contradict tion, he has delayed his candidature till him and talk over all his youth. I never the first two volumes of his Cæsar have conceal my Republican opinions, and he been published. The first volume is ready, treats them as the harmless follies of a and he intended to publish it immediate- woman. ly; but the booksellers tell him that they Yesterday he was in very high spirits. will sell better in couples. And as even I suspect that he has just made up his emperors must submit to booksellers, he mind on some subject that has been waits till the second is finished."

teasing him. He dislikes coming to a

decision, but perhaps for that very reaApril 15, 1863.— Madame R., the Cor- son, when he does so, he feels relieved celles, and Lady Ashburton breakfasted and happy. He may have decided what with us.

We had an agreeable conver- to do about Poland, or what to write sation, but I do not recollect much of it. about some questionable anecdote about

The Corcelles and Madame R. seemed Cæsar or when the elections shall be. delighted to meet again. They had not “I think that it may have been about seen one another for years. I 'remarked Poland. I told him that in some classes to Madame R. that I had not seen at of society, I found an opinion that the Lady Cowley's great party in celebration forcible intervention of France in favour of the Prince of Wales's marriage more of Poland was impracticable. His answer than three French persons that I had was, “ Ei, Ei.?” ever seen before.

Seriously,” I asked, “or contemptu“ The Emperor," said Madame R., ously ? " “cannot attract an aristocracy, so he is “ Laughingly,” she answered, “and conforced to make one. Persigny says nous temptuously. His “Ei, Ei, may have autres des grandes maisons,' just as the meant nothing, but I think that it may Emperor considers himself as one of the have meant something. There certainly

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