you.” So he promised it. The workmen one expressed surprise at Louis Napa. who had gone home were sent for, and leon's having allowed a work so injurious 400 of them were kept at work from that to the moral character of his uncle to aptime until Monday evening, when the ball pear. began. They were well fed, and a little “I doubt," said Madame R., “whether, brandy was added to their wine. When supposing him to have moral sense sutrithey left off they had been at work for cient to perceive the immorality of Nanearly eighty-two consecutive hours : that poleon's letters, he would have thought is, from the morning of Good Friday until that an objection to their publication. the evening of Easter Monday. In that He is beginning to be jealous of his untime, besides fitting up the existing cle. He hopes to become his rival. At rooms, they had built three kitchens and first he was satisfied to be Augustus a new ball-room in the garden 90 feet by now he wishes to be also Cæsar. 35, and 30 feet high. All night they had “He has mistaken,” she added, "his 700 lamps, and thirty men carrying vocation. He aspires to be a statesman, torches. *One of their difficulties was the perhaps to be a soldier - what nature inpresence every day of the Empress, or-tended him for was a poet. He has an dering, interfering, and not understand- inventive, original, and powerful imagina: ing technical objections. On Monday tion, which, under proper training, would morning the Emperor came. He looked have produced something great. with dismay at the court, still covered “ Is his taste good?" I asked. with the 3,000 square yards of stone, and He cannot tolerate French poetry," at the gap where the staircase was to be. she answered. He is insensible to Ra. Lacroix then explained to him that he cine, but he delights in Shakespeare, meant to employ these vast masses of Goethe, and Schiller. The great, the stone in building up a vast straight out- strange, and the tragic, suit his wild and side staircase, from the court to the first somewhat vague habits of thought and floor, protected by a roof of glass. This his melancholy temperament. Of the was done by seven o'clock that evening, fine arts the only one that interests him and while it was doing, 400 loads of rub- is architecture, probably from the vastbish were carted out. The poor archi- ness of its products. He hates music, tect was nearly killed by the incessant and does not understand painting or worry, want of sleep, and fatigue.

“He sculpture. seemed to me, yesterday,” said Madame “ Among the mistakes,” she added, R., “to have grown ten years older in which the public makes with respect to four days.

that family, one of the greatest is the treat" It is remarkable,” she continued, ing Jerome as an unimportant member of ** that while this was going on in the it. Jerome has as much courage and as house of the head of the State, the head much ambition as Louis Napoleon himself. of the Church was publishing from every His ambition, however, is less selfish, for pulpit in Paris, a protest against Sunday it looks towards his heir. He idolizes his labour. The circular of the Archbishop son, and in the improbable event of his of Paris on the Repos du dimanche, surviving Louis Napoleon, and succeeding which was read throughout his diocese to the Crown, he will endeavour to hand on Easter Sunday, denounces such labour it over to Prince Napoleon. But he will as sacrilege and cruelty, as insolently not without a struggle let it be worn by a disobedient to God, oppressive to the la- Bourbon, or broken by a republic. He bouring classes, and degrading to the na- will fight, and fight desperately, for the tional character. The Archbishop must rights of the Buonapartes

the enemies have felt secure in popular sympathy of that family ought to pray that he may when he ventured to choose such a mo- die before his nephew.” ment to rebuke his most Christian Ma

[Sebastopol fell in Sept., 1855, and jesty: The matter seems trifling, but its peace was proclaimed on March 31st, childish recklessness will do Celui-ci * 1856. — M. C. M. S.] great mischief; not the less because the ball was given to an English Prince.” May 16, 1856. — I called on Mdme. R.

“I believe,” she said, “that war is June 10, 1855. I breakfasted with the more favourable to Celui-ci than peace.” Mohls, and met there Madame R. Joseph's letters were mentioned, and some May 5, 1858.— I called on Madame R.,

and found with her an Italian, a man * Louis Napoleon. - M. C. M. S.

about thirty-five.

"Unless Louis Napoleon's character,” | unanimous. He was tried again, and said Maclame R., “ is much changed since again unanimously acquitted. The Pope 1852, when I ceased to see him, it is little then, admitting that the French could understood. He is supposed to be calm, not punislı C., required him to be delivunimpressionable, decided, and obstinate. ered for trial and punishment to the RoHe has none of these qualities, except the man Tribunals, and I am sorry to say last, and even his obstinacy sometimes de- that he was supported by M. de Rayneval. serts him.

My intimacy with Louis Napoleon then “ I have known him build castles in the continued. I saw him and told Ci's stoair, dwell on them for years, and at last ry. He behaved well, as he usually does gradually forget them. When he was in individual cases, particularly when an young he had two fixed ideas, that he was Italian is concerned, and ordered C. to to be Emperor of France, and that he was be released and sent to France. The to be the liberator of Italy, and I do not Roman authorities, however, were so bent believe that, even now, he has abandoned on seizing him, that they managed to dethe latter.”

tain him twenty days at Civita Vecchia, “ If,” said the Italian, “ he would frank- while they were intriguing to get the orly declare himself favourable to Italian der for his discharge reversed. They liberty, these plots, as respects the Ital- failed -- he came to Paris, and was emians, would cease. We care nothing for ployed on the Crédit Mobilier. He has his treachery to France, or for his usurp- so much influence among his countryation, or for his despotism. These are men, that Orsini, though unacquainted the affairs of the French, in which we do with him, named him as his executor. not presume to interfere. The Italians The tribunals refuse to acknowledge the try to kill him as the supporter of the validity of Orsini's will, but have allowed Pope, the supporter of Austria, and the C. to act as in the case of an intestacy.” enemy of Italian unity. I do not believe “You say,” I said to Madame R., “ that that they would meddle with him if he Louis Napoleon is neither calm, unimwere merely neutral.”

pressionable, nor decided.” · Has not his treatment of Orsini," I “I do," she answered. “He has a said, “ done him good with the liberal calm crust, but furious Italian passions Italians ? Never was a man's head cut boil beneath it. As a child, he was suboff more politely. Short of pardon, which ject to fits of anger, such as I never saw was impossible, Orsini had everything in anyone else. While they lasted he did that he could wish."

not know what he said or did. “ It has done him good," answered the “ He is procrastinating, undecided, and Italian, "for a time. He has shown sym- irresolute. Courage he certainly has, pathy for our cause, he has shown hostil- and of every kind, physical and moral.” ity against our enemy. He has raised our hopes. He has obtained perhaps a [Mr. Senior's next visit to Paris took respite. But if he disappoints those place six weeks before the battle of Mahopes, if, in order to court the French genta. - M. C. M. S.] clergy, he continues to support the Papal April 28, 1859. — I called on Madame tyranny and to allow the Germans and R. the Bourbons to oppress four-fifths of “ Louis Napoleon,” she said, “is deItaly, I fear that it will not be more than lighted with the war. A war to drive a respite.”

Austria out of Italy, in which he should The Italian left us, and Madame R. command, has been his dream from boytold me his history.

hood. He said to me once, at Ham, 'I “ He is,” she said, “ a Milanese named trust that some day I shall command a C. He took a prominent part in the Mi- great army. I know that I should dislanese revolution, on its failure emigrat- tinguish myself, I feel that I have every ed to Rome, and was a member of the military quality' Roman Parliament, and was one of the * * Is not experience,' I answered, “neleaders in the defence of Rome against cessary?' the French. When we entered, Oudinot "Great things,' he replied, “have been had him tried, I know not on what pre- done by men who had very little of it. tence, by a court-martial. He was ac- By Condé, for instance. Perhaps it would quitted unanimously. The Pope, or the be better for me to die in the belief that people about the Pope, prevailed on Ou. I am fitted to be a great general, than to dinot to appeal - a thing of most unusual risk the experiment. But I will try it, if occurrence, when the acquittal has been l I can, and I believe that I shall try it."

“ Then the war relieves him from an has resumed, to a certain extent, his faanxiety which pressed on him from Janu- talism. ary 14, 1858, until the 1st of January, “ His real motive, which towers high 1859– the fear of the Carbonari.' He has above all the others, is his hatred of Ausbreathed freely only since he could give tria — a hatred bred in his very bones, a notice to them that he had accepted their hatred which began in his early infancy, terms."

which was fostered during all his early “* You do not believe, then," I said, childhood youth, which made hin á “in the sincerity of his negotiations ?” conspirator and a Carbonaro when most

** They were sincere," she answered, boys are thinking only of their games or “ so far that if Austria would have sub- of their lessons. mitted without war, to a sacrifice which “On the 24th of December, 1848. a would have satisfied the Carbonari, he fortnight after he had been elected Pres. would have accepted it. The least fa- ident, I called on him at the request of vourable conditions on which he would the Italians in Paris, to ask him what he have remained at peace with her would intended to do for Italy. have been the erection of Lombardy and “Tell them,' he said, that my name Venetia into a separate kingdom, under a is Buonaparte, and that I feel the responPrince of the House of Hapsburg, proba-sibilities which that name implies. Itay bly the Archduke Maximilian, with an Ital- is dear to me; as dear, almost, as France; ian army and ministry, perfectly indepen- but my duties to France passent atunt cent of Austria. What he would have liked tout. I must watch for an opportunity. better would have been to put those prov- For the present I am controlled by the inces under the Duke of Leuchtenberg, Assembly, which will not give me money Eugene's grandson. This would have and men for a war of sentiment, in which suited Russia, and perhaps may be the France has no direct immediate interest. ultimate solution. But I know I can af. But tell them my feelings are now what firm with perfect certainty that he is re- they were in —; and repeat to them that solved, first, that they shall not remain my name is Buonaparte. Austrian ; and secondly, that they shall “Can he wish," I said, “to give free not be united to Piedmont. He hates institutions to Italy ? " Piedmont as constitutional, as a neigh- “I believe," she answered, “that he bour too strong to be a slave, and be- does. I believe that he has a sympathy cause the king has treated him from time for freedom; though, where he himself is to time somewhat roughly. As to the concerned, it is overruled by his desire freedom or the prosperity of these prov- of power. He likes to be absolute himinces, when once they cease to be Aus- self, but he wishes all who are not his trian, or indeed as to the welfare of any subjects to be free. part of Italy, he is utterly indifferent.” "Then he desires most eagerly every

thing that he thinks will give him posthu

mous fame. Imagination is his predomiMay 7, 1859. — I called on Mdme. R., nant faculty. I have often said that naand gave her an outline of my interview ture meant him to be a poet. He would with Prince Napoleon.

have been a great one.

Like most mea “When the Prince thinks that the of imagination, he lives in the future. great object of the war is to terminate As a child, his desire was to become an the preponderance of Austria in the historical character. He has no moral south of Italy, he gives his cousin too sense; he does not care about le bien ou much credit for statesmanship; that may le mal, ça lui est égal, on plutôt il n'en be one of his objects, but it is a subordi- conçoit pas la différence; nor does he nate one"

care much about present reputation, ex“ Subordinate," I said, “ to his fears of cept as an instrument. He begins now assassination, or to his hopes of military to expect to fill as many pages in history fame?"

as his uncle has done, and he hopes that "Those also," she answered, “are su- they will be brighter; at least that they bordinate motives. My own conviction will be darkened by fewer shadows. Ani is, that if he had not made this war he if he believes, as I have reason to think would have been assassinated; but I he does, that the man who founds free doubt whether he is as convinced of this institutions in Italy will be praised a as I am. He feels, indeed, his danger, thousand years hence, he will do it. He and is disturbed by it; but he has recov- will do it if he hopes that history will acered from the shock of the attentat, and Icept it as a sort of compensation for his

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having destroyed such institutions in faut rien brusquer. A qui attend tout France."

arrive à point, à qui va trop vite tout

manque.'' Sunday, May 13, 1860.— I called on “ The malicious world,” I said, “ would Mdme. R.

call that a sign of his Dutch blood.” “ The Emperor's great ambition now," “ The world,” she said, “would talk she said, “is reputation as a historian nonsense. He has not a drop of Dutch and an archæologist. He is writing a blood. In the beginning of July, 1807, life of Julius Cæsar, and spends in col- Napoleon effected a reconciliation belecting materials for it every minute that tween Hortense and Louis. They met at he can spare."

Montpelier, and spent three or four days, “ The materials,” I said, “lie in a com- as was usually the case, in quarrelling. paratively small compass."

She went off in a pet to Bordeaux, where * Ay,” she answered, “ but it is to con- the Emperor was on his way to begin the tain an essay on the military organiza- seizure of Spain. She passed a few days tion of the Romans, and a general view with him, and then returned at the end of of its progress, from the tomb of the July to her husband at Montpelier. He kings to that of the emperors. He sent, has many little bodily tricks resembling a few days ago, for M. Maury, of the In- those of Louis. Louis never looked you stitut, took him into his closet, showed in the face ; when he bowed it was not him the materials which he had got like anybody else, it was an inclination of together, made him read what he had the body on one side. He kept his hands written of an introduction, and asked for close to his sides. Louis Napoleon has candid criticism. Maury says that it was all these peculiarities. In the April of well done, though incomplete, and frankly the following year Hortense was frightpointed out the parts requiring further ened and taken ill suddenly, and Louis attention."

Napoleon was born on the 20th of April, “ Can he read Latin ?" I asked. twelve days before he was expected. On

“ Fluently,” said Mdme. R.; "and this pretext, Louis, in 1815, tried to get a Greek not ill. He is far above par as a divorce, but of course failed. He was scholar."

jealous of Hortense, bribed all her ser“ I supposed him," I said, “ to be idle. vants to watch her, and often said of That is the character given to him by all Louis Napoleon : 'Ce n'est pas mon enhis ministers and secretaries whom I fant;' but he was half mad, and, I behave known, and I have known several.” lieve, said so only to tease his wife. At

“He is idle," said Mdme. R., “in mat- one time he took possession of Louis
ters of administration. He hates detail, Napoleon, and became exceedingly fond
and he hates discussion. But he is fond of him, which would scarcely have been
of study, and very fond of writing. His the case if he had really doubted his
ministers complain that, since he has legitimacy.
taken to biography and antiquities, they “ Louis Napoleon, indeed, was an at-
cannot get audience or even signatures tractive child. He was gentle and intel-
from him."

ligent, but more like a girl than a boy.
He is a year older than I am.

He was
Monday, May 21, 1860.- I called on shy, and has continued to be so. He
Mdme. R.

hates new faces: in old times he could I told her that I heard that Naples was not bear to part with a servant, and I intended for Prince Napoleon.

know that he has kept ministers whom he “I know nothing of it,” she answered. disliked and disapproved only because he " What would England say ?”

did not like the embarras of sending them “We cannot wish,” I replied, " to see away. His great pleasures are riding, Buonaparte viceroys substituted for le-walking, and, above all, fine scenery. I gitimate sovereigns. Do you think that remember walking with him and Prince Louis Napoleon would make many sacri- Napoleon one fine evening on Lansdowne fices, or run any great risks for such a Hill, near Bath. The view was enchantpurpose ? "

ing. He sat down to admire it, ' Look,' "I do not believe," she answered, “that said he, 'at Napoleon, he does not care at present he is willing to make sacrifices a farthing for all this. I could sit here or to run risks for any purpose whatever. for hours.' Things in Italy are going too fast for “ He employed me, some days ago, to him. His policy is dilatory and expec- make inquiries for him in Germany in tative. He has often said to me: • Il ne connection with his book. Moquard

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wrote me a letter of thanks. Louis Na-' have been governed by one principle. I poleon wrote in his own hand these believe that from time to are words, “ Ceci me rappelle les bontés qu'- created whom I will call providential, in avait Melme. R. pour le prisonnier de whose hands the destinies of their counHam. Les extrêmes se touchent, car les tries are placed. I believe myself to be Tuileries c'est encore une prison.'

one of these men. If I am mistaken I " While the Duc de Reichstadt, and may perish uselessly. If I am right his own brother lived, he used to rejoice Providence will enable me to fulfil my that there were two lives between him mission. But right or wrong, I will perand power.

What he would have liked severe, whatever be the difficulties or the better than empire would have been to dangers. Living or dying, I will serve be a rich country gentleman, with nothing France.?" to do but to enjoy himself.”

Here M. T. C. came in : she closed the “ You tell me," I said, “ that as a child, book, but the conversation on Louis Vas he was gentle (doux). Is he so now?" poleon continued.

"In appearance,” she answered, " for My first introduction to him," said he has great self-command ; but au fond T. C., " was in 1818, when I was prefect. he is irritable. He is also very pertina- ! He was then deputy and remarkably shy. cious, at least in his opinions. Hence. The first time that he demanded la parole, he hates discussion, it annoys him and he mounted slowly the steps of the Tribnever convinces him. He cannot bear une, looked round him for a minute or to see people 'triste' or discontented. two, and then descended without having

uttered a word. Some time after be “ Here is the letter which he wrote to made a second attempt, and actually me the evening before his escape. He spoke, but very badly. I gave a receptells me that he has sent to me all his re- ' tion to the whole Assembly. He negomaining manuscripts on artillery, and all tiated with me about his coming to it. the proof sheets of the printed portion, He did not wish to be announced, as his and begs me to keep them. I was then name would draw all eyes upon him. It in Paris.

was agreed that he should come early, “ The instant I read it, I said to my and that I should meet him in the pashusband, · He is going to make his escape, sage, and lead him in without his name he is making me his literary executrix.' being mentioned – but he never came.”

“ My husband laughed at me. Next “ It has been thought," said Vidme. R., morning at breakfast, the papers came " that he was playing a part ; that he was in. I read aloud,

pretending to be stupid, as a candidate "• Yesterday Louis Napoleon Buona- for the Papacy pretends to be dying. parte made his escape from Ham.'

“I was with him," she continued, 66 • Bah !' said my husband, you are

“ when the Bill of the 31st of May, 1850, going back to the nonsense which you for the restriction of the suffrage was in talked yesterday.'

discussion. “I hear,' I said, .but I do not “I repeated, “ Yesterday Louis Napo-believe it, that you support this Bill.' leon Buonaparte made his escape from “I do,' he answered. Ham.'

What,' I said, “you the child of uni“ * Don't talk stuff,' said my husband. versal suffrage, do you support a limited “Read it yourself,' I answered. suffrage?'

“ The next day I got this letter from “ You understand nothing about it,' him in London.

he replied, 'Je perds l'assemblée.' “ “ I need not,' he writes, “tell you the “* But,' I said, “you will perish with details of my escape, as you have them the Assembly.' in the papers. My measures were so well ""Not in the least,' he answered. taken that in cight hours I was in Bel-. When the Assembly goes over the precgium, and twelve hours after in London. ipice, je coupe la corde.” It seems a dream. Take care of my “In fact," said T. C., “the relations manuscripts proofs. The first vol- between him and the Assembly were ume is finished, and may be printed from such, that one or the other must have the proofs."

perished." " Here is another worth hearing. It “ It seems to me," I said, "that if was written from London in 1847, in con- Cavaignac had been President the Resequence of a common friend having ac- public might have been saved." cused him of personal ambition.

“So I thought at the time," answered “ • In all my adventures,' he says, 'I' T. C., “and so I think now. Much de

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