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She showed her wet stockings to the , have the bouquet on their ladder, and women, pulling aside her drenched skirt, Mademoiselle Louise is with them. It and laughingly saying, “ See what a state may rain as much as it likes, the harvest I am in, and my shoes are full of sand !” is all gathered in now.” They stood round her all laughing too; I then looked at George, who came back with long strides, he was very pale, and his curly hair stood up all round his head.

From The Saturday Review. “Well done, my boy!" I cried. “ Now

THE WEST COAST OF AFRICA. what say you of this pianoforte per- To the majority of Englishmen our former? She is not chicken-hearted, is West African possessions are only assoshe ?”

ciated in a dim sort of manner with ivory, "No, she is a Rantzau,” replied he, pick-gold dust, palm oil, slaves, the King of ing up his hat, which he had lost in the Dahomey and his “customs.” Some hedge. “I fancied the whole crop would who have indulged in discursive reading go swimming down the river, it was so may bethink them of Governor Wall, who badly laden. My cousin has been at a fogged a soldier to death and was hanged convent, you see. The pole should have in consequence, and of “L. E. L.," whose been tied down the middle and firmly on to melancholy fate is still within the memthe back. At convent-schools girls don't ory of contemporary history. Other conlearn that sort of thing; they are taught scientious devourers of the daily papers how to sing."

may remember that every now and then “Yes," I replied, “they sing, and, an African mail has brought intelligence what is more, they sing very well; a thing concerning the quarrels of two rural pothat did not hinder you from showing a tentates called Ja Ja and Oko Jumbo. good deal of pluck."

We doubt much whether there are many, I saw this vexed him, and said nothing even among educated people, who could more on the subject, but went on in si- tell the names, or even the approximate lence towards the village, the cart follow-positions, of our settlements on the West ing us some four hundred steps behind. Coast of Africa. One reason may be The pole had been replaced and the ropes that nobody goes there who can help dotightened, so that the forage above was ing so, and that very few who do go all straight, and the women were sitting return. Yet our West African settleon the top of it. I could see Louise ty- ments are important in more ways than ing a bough of leaves on the ladder. one. It is undoubted that they exercise George walked on in advance of me, for a civilizing influence on the savage races I kept turning round. When he reached which surround them; and if we abanthe bend of the valley he let something doned them to-morrow, it would not be drop, and stopped to look for it in the easy to prevent the revival of the slavehigh grass. When he caught me up trade. As regards commerce also they after his search, he told me he had lost ought to excite our interest, the value of his flint, but had found it again. We the imports and exports being about a now entered the village.

million and twelve hundred thousand “Good evening, Monsieur Florent," pounds sterling respectively. Attention said George, when we came to my door. is now specially directed to Cape Coast “If you don't mind, we will go out again Castle, on account of the invasion of that another day.”

settlement by the Ashantees, who, having “We have had a very nice walk, won a victory over some tribes nominally George,” answered I, “and I hope it under our protection, were at the date of will not be our last.”

the despatch of the last mail within six He departed, and I went up to the sit- hours' march of the seat of government. ting-room, where my wife and Juliette | The most northerly, and at the same were very pleased to see me back again. time the oldest, of all our settlements on Thad but time to go into my little closet the coast is the Gambia, which is called and there change my linen when it was after the river of that name. This river supper-time.

| falls into the Atlantic a little to the south The singing of the haymakers was of Cape Verde, and, by means of it, interheard for awhile after we had sat down course with the interior of Africa, to a to table. Juliette jumped up to look out distance of several hundred miles, is carof the window, then came back saying, ried on. The capital is Bathurst, situat"It is the last crop of the season; they / ed on an island near the mouth of the river. This is a mere trading settlement, 1 - an intercourse which the Yorubas, who with scarcely any territory attached to it. are friendly to the British, and fully alive Originally formed in 1588 by a Company to the value of trade, have been ever which received a charter from Queen anxious to maintain. The Eybas and Elizabeth, the staple of its commerce Ijebus are the great obstacle to this, and long consisted in slaves. Proceeding to levy heavy transit dues on all goods pass. the South, we come to Sierra Leone, the ing through their territory. Thinking seat of the Governor of all the West that it depended on them to arrest ali African settlements, and situated go 3om trade — and frequently they have thornorth of the Equator. This colony was oughly paralyzed it- these savages have ceded to the British in 1787, and com- acted as if they were the masters of the prises a considerable amount of territory. situation, and in a position to bring pres.

Between Sierra Leone and the Equa- sure on the British authorities. In order tor is a tract of Upper Guinea, known as to checkmate them, Captain Glover nearly the Gold Coast. Its capital is Cape two years ago determined to despatch a Coast Castle, and it is the scene of the pioneer expedition in order to open up present disturbances. The colony com- the country and to secure an alternative prises several minor settlements, of which route to that which passed through the Accra and Elmina - recently ceded by Egba and Jebu territory. The envor, the Dutch — are the chief. It was Mr. Roger Goldsworthy, an ex-officer of founded by the African Company in 1750, Lancers, and now Commandant of the under authority of an Act of Parliament. Houssa armed police at Lagos, underTo the eastward of the Gold Coast is went serious risks and great hardships, Lagos, the most recent, but, as far as re- but was completely successful. He found gards imports and exports, the most im- the Yorubas quite prepared to keep open portant, of all our settlements in Western the new route, and he established the Africa. It was only acquired in 1862, most friendly relations with them. The when Docemo, the native king - who is Egbas and Ijebus, furious at seeing their still alive -- ceded it to us in return for a power for mischief passing away from pension of 1,000l. a year. Formerly it them, and conscious that if the ne v route was the greatest slave depôt on the coast, were adopted the administration of Lagos and its possession by us has greatly con- would be independent of them, sought to tributed to the suppression of that traffic. baffle Captain Glover's scheme by means It must not, however, be supposed that of intrigue. They found zealous coadjuthe neighbouring tribes would quietly tors in the ex-King Docemo, and in both submit to see their principal source of white and black partisans at the settleriches cut off ; and, though awed by the ment. A new policy was instituted. The vigour of successive Administrators — new road was not taken advantage of, notably the last, Captain Glover — they and the result has been an alınost comhave never ceased to give trouble. Their plete paralysis of commerce, a great rise chief grievance is that runaway slaves in prices at Lagos, the abduction of reíahave found at Lagos a secure asylum gee slaves, and a spirit of determined under shelter of the British flag, which, hostility to British rule. Indeed, both however, during Captain Glover's absence Docemo and the two tribes above menon leave, did not last year always prove a tioned have openly avowed their intention very efficient protection. Indeed on more of getting rid of the white strangers altothan one occasion escaped slaves were gether. by the aid of the ex-King Docemo carried It is, however, on the Gold Coast that off within sight of Government House. the attention of the few who take an inTwo of these hapless captives commited terest in West African affairs is at the suicide rather than again go into bondage.' present moment concentrated. Besides The troublesome tribes in question are the settlements on the coast occupied by the Egbas and ljebus, sometimes called us, a considerable tract of country inhabJebus ; and, in addition to the slave ited by the neighbouring tribes was rears grievance, they have lately conceived ago formally received under our protecthat they were susfering under another tion. These tribes are collectively styled wrong. They have for years past been Fantees, or the Fantee Confederation. engaged in intermittent war with a tribe The Confederation, however, owing to to the eastward of their own territories, discouragement received from us, is little called Yorubas. These hostilities, of more than nominal, and is only an ag. course, have been a great hindrance to 'glomeration of independent clans, friendcommercial intercourse with the interior ly to each other and loosely united from

fear of their hereditary foe the King of stated at such a sensible diminution of his Ashantee. The Colonial Office has for- revenue, the King of Ashantee, misintermally approved of the principle of a Con- preting our conciliatory behaviour, prefederation, but has done nothing to pro- sumed on our supposed weakness, and mote it, and, rightly or wrongly, the Fan- snatched at what he considered a favourtees are under the impression that their able opportunity for driving us into the project is viewed with contempt by the sea. Early in January last the Ashantees, local authorities. The Fantees, however, in four divisions, and with numbers variwith wits sharpened by the instincts of ously estimated by those on the spot at self-preservation, foresaw the imminence sixty thousand and eighty thousand men, of the danger which their so-called pro- crossed the Fantee frontier. Recent tectors failed to recognize, and the event advices, however, tend to show that their has justified the note of alarm which they strength has been exaggerated, and that sounded. The Ashantees, indeed, are a the main body at all events is not more formidable enemy, and have on two pre-than thirty thousand strong. The borvious occasions given us much trouble. der is only three days' journey from Cape Formerly they held sway over the Fan- Coast Castle, yet it does not appear that tee country and over the maritime district the Administrator took any steps to obwhich we now occupy, and it was our tain trustworthy information. He never wresting from them the seaboard and even noticed the invasion till the 3rd of denying the sovereignty over the Fantees February, and then he contented himself which brought about the war of 1824. with a mere proclamation announcing the Some rather sharp fighting took place, invasion, and prohibiting the supply to and ultimate success was only purchased the invaders of munitions of war. The by the expenditure of much money, and | Ashantees in the meantime had themthe loss of Sir Charles Macarthy, the selves announced their arrival in the Governor. For nearly forty years a sort most energetic manner, having marched of armed truce was observed, but in 1863 through the country plundering and burnthe King of Ashantee again declared war ing in every direction. Taken by sur- . - a war which cost us 100,000l., and one prise at first, only 4,000 or 5,000 Fantees in which for months our troops endeav- could be collected to oppose the enemy, oured with much loss from sickness to before whom they were of course obliged bring the enemy to action, but in vain. to retreat. At length, however, the difSince then we have pursued a policy of ferent chiefs managed to assemble an conciliation, not to say subserviency, army of some 30,000 men, and a battle sending presents with the messengers whose dimensions would have been conwho proposed - or, as rendered by the sidered respectable even in Europe took natives, “sued for ” — peace. All our place. The numbers were about equal efforts have, however, failed, and now for on each side, but the Ashantees possessed the third time within half a century we the advantage of being under a single are at war with this fierce and untam- commander, while the Fantees were a able race.

mere collection of clans each obeying What the cause of the rupture was no only the order of its immediate chief. one seems quite able to say. The gen- The fight was well contested, having eral belief is that the cession of Elmina lasted some eight or nine hours. At to us by the Dutch has something to do length the Fantees, having lost 1,000 men, with it. Mr. Knatchbull-Hugessen is of and being short of ammunition, were this opinion. It appears that the Dutch obliged to retire, falling back, however, used not only to give a yearly sum of so steadily that the victors contented money to the King of Ashantee, but also themselves with occupying the abandoned to pay him so much per head for the cap- position. At this place, only seventeen tives he made in war. These captives miles from Cape Coast Castle, the Ashwere sent to serve as soldiers in other antees, who, though the conquerors, lost, Dutch settlements, and certainly gained it is said, 2,000 men in the battle, reby the chance of masters. When we mained for some time waiting for reintook over Elnina, we made inquiries forcements. We learn that the King of concerning this subsidy, and, learning the Ashantees - his euphonious name is mat it was given not as tribute but merely | Carie-Carie — has sworn to drive the for the encouragement of trade, deter- English into the sea, and that he is exmined not to continue it. Of course pected to head the reinforcements asked head money for slaves, under any circum- for by his commander-in-chief. Whether stances, was out of the question. Irri- these reinforcements have arrived or not

th

he

we do not know; but the invaders on was a short time ago only occupied by the 7th April resumed the offensive. thirty negroes of a West Indian re inent, The Fantces had in the meantime been without an officer. It is to be hoped that reinforced, and were encouraged by the the reinforcements which have been depresence of 120 of the Houssa police, spatched from Sierra Leone and Lagos under Lieutenant Hopkins, who had been will be employed to strengthen these tardily empowered to afford them sub- forts, for there seems to be no intention stantial aid. A battle which lasted six of carrying on any operations in the open hours took place, the Houssas fighting field. The force at the disposal of the gallantly and losing two men killed and Governor consists of three men-of-var fourteen wounded. The Ashantees, how-or gunboats, and 840 armed police, black ever, gained the day, and Lieutenant soldiers and volunteers. Had it been deHopkins fell back with his detachment to sired, ten times that number might have the coast. The Ashantees must have been raised from among the Fantees, bought their triumph dearly, for not till who, if well armed and led by Englishthe 14th did they again engage the beaten, men, would probably fight well. Fighi. but still stubborn, Fantees. On this ing would however interfere with the occasion the fight lasted fourteen hours, moral force policy which seems to be in at the end of which time the Fantees favour. Besides, Lord Kimberley denies were completely routed.

that we are under any obligation to proThe first battle was fought at a spot tect the protected tribes. It is not be about seventeen miles from Cape Coast lately said, British, but only British-proCastle ; the second action took place ap-tected, territory which has been violated, parently at the same place, but the scene and we have never pretended to defend it of the last engagement was no doubt against aggression in the same way is nearer to Cape Coast Castle. At all British territory. To unsophisticated events, it is said that the whole country minds it would seem that here is a disis now in the hands of the invaders, and tinction without a difference, and that the that we cannot be said to hold an acre of meaning of protection is to defend the ground save what is commanded by the protected against aggression. To calm fire from the forts on the coast. The any apprehension that might be felt, he fortifications of Cape Coast Castle con- asserted that the Ashantees, who numsist of an earthen work adjoining the bered only 4,000, were at the back of the road which leads to the town, a strong protected territory. Information obmasonry fort on the shore, and a martello tained from non-official sources gave the tower in which is kept the ammunition of number at 30,000 in one body, and, inthe garrison. Unfortunately this tower is deed it is now officially admitted that the isolated, and the fort itself is overlooked Colonial Office has been misinformed, at a distance of 300 or 400 yards by some and that the enemy numbers from 30,000 high hills. Cape Coast Castle is, how-to 40,000 men. Convinced at last that we ever, sufficiently strong both as regards have to deal with no mere raid, but with fortifications and garrison to defy the a very substantial and formidable invadusky warrior, who is as unlikely to fulfil sion, Lord Kimberley has sent out in hot his oath as was his predecessor Quacoi haste a rocket battery and some marines. Duah, who vowed in 1863 to cut off the It is probable, however, that these reinGovernor's head, and didn't. The out-forcements will arrive somewhat late, for lying settlements are in a somewhat by this time the rainy season has comcritical condition, their works being out menced and operations in the field must of repair, ammunition being short, and have perforce come to an end. the garrisons weak. Accra, for instance,

DILIGENT IN BUSINESS. - A man indus- | God that gives him power to get wealth; if he trious in his calling, if without the fear of miscarry, he is patient under the will and disGod, becomes a drudge to worldly ends; pensation of the God he fears. It turns the vexed when disappointed, overjoyed in suc- very employment of his calling to a kind of cess. Mingle but the fear of God with busi- religious duty and exercise of his religion, ness, it will not abate a man's industry, but without damage or detriment to it. sweeten it; if he prosper, he is thankful to

Sir Matthew Hale.

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