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collect. And it was not only the past that! “Nonsense, Mamma!” occupied her mind; she understood the “It is all very well to say nonsense, present, and studied it with a ceaseless Nelly, but when you have lived as long as interest, which the subjects of her study I have ” Mrs. Eastwood said, slowly: were scarcely aware of; though they had “However, it cannot be helped now. Do all long ago consented to the fact that you think she is pretty, Nelly? It's rathAlice knew everything. Mrs. Eastwooder a remarkable face." thought it right to inform Alice of all the “I don't know," said Nelly, puzzled. greater events that affected the family, “It would be beautiful in a picture. Wait but generally ended such confidences ab- till she wakes up and comes to life, and ruptly, with a half-amused, half-angry then we shall know. Here is Frederick, consciousness that Alice already knew all all perfumed with his cigar. We were about them, and more of them than she talking her over — " herself did. Alice was the only one in all “Yes, I knew you must be pulling the the house who had divined the real char-poor child to pieces,” said Frederick, acter of Frederick. As for the others, she seating himself by the fire. “What have said to herself, with affectionate con- you got to say against her? She is not tempt, that they were “ Just nothing, just cut in the common fashion, like all the nothing - honest lads and lasses, with no other girls whom one sees about -and is harın in them.” She loved them, but dis- sick of.” missed them summarily from her mind as “I should think the other girls cared persons not likely to supply her life with very little whether you were sick of them any striking interest; but here was some- or not,” retorted Nelly, affronted. thing very different. Life quickened for Mr. Frederick Eastwood was one of the observant old woman, and a certain the young men who entertain a contempt thrill of excitement came into her mind for women, founded on the incontestable as she put out Mrs. Eastwood's comfort- consciousness of their own superiority; able dressing-gown and arranged all her and it was one of his theories that all wo*things.” Mrs. Eastwood herself had men were jealous of each other. Even furnished but little mental excitement to his mother, he felt, would "pull" the new Alice, but something worth looking into comer “to pieces" out of pure feminine seemed now about to come.
spite. Down stairs, the two ladies looked at “Hush, children,” said Mrs. Easteach other doubtfully when Nelly went wood ; “ we have nothing to do with other back to the drawing-room. They did not girls for the moment. This one is very know what to say. Dick was shut up in unresponsive, I am afraid. You have his own room at work, or pretending to seen more of her than we have, Frederbe at work, and Frederick had gone out ick. Had she any friends out yonder ? into the garden to smoke his cigar, though Did she seem to you affectionate ?" the night was dark and cold. “Well, Frederick laughed. “I have no reaNelly ?" said Mrs. Eastwood to Nelly ; son to complain of any want of affectionand * Well, Mamma?” Nelly replied. | ateness," he said, pulling his peaked
“ I do not understand the girl," was beard with that supreme satisfaction of Mrs. Eastwood's next speech.
gratified vanity which no woman can tol“How could we expect to understand erate. Mrs. Eastwood and Nelly looked her, just come off a long journey, and stu- at each other with a common wrath, but pened by coming into a strange place ? the mother put up a finger to suppress the Remember, she never saw any of us be- impatience of her child. fore. Don't let us be unreasonable, Man- “Yes, she seemed to turn to you," she ma," cried Nelly; and then she added, in said, with as much indifference in her a more subdued tone, “ She must be af- voice as was practicable. “Ring for tea, fectionate, for she seemed to cling so to now, Nelly. Frederick will like to get upFrederick."
stairs carly after his journey. I saw Mr. “Ah!” said Mrs. Eastwood, with a Bellingham at the office after I got your long-drawn breath. “My dear,” she ad-letter, Frederick. He made rather a joke ded, after a pause, “ I don't want to antici- of your illness, poor boy. I hope you will pate difficulties which may never come ; not wish to go away for some time again. but on the whole it might have been bet- I am told that, though promotion is by ter to send some one else than Freder- seniority, those young men who are most ick. A young man, you know; it is al- to be depended on are the ones who get ways a risk. I wish I had made up my secretaryships, and so forth, -- and you mind at once to spare Alice — "
know your income is but small — "
« Those who get secretaryships, and so
From Blackwood's Magazine. forth, are those who have private influ
SIR JOHN BURGOYNE. * " ence,” said Frederick loftily, “which is not my case, mother. Whoever told you! The work which Colonel Wrottesley so told you stuff and nonsense. Men in undertook to perform was both creditaoffice take their own sons and nephews, I ble and becoming ; and creditably to himor their friends' sons and nephews, for
self, as well as honestly towards his readtheir private secretaries - and fellows ers, he has accomplished it. In the life like me have no chance."
of his distinguished father-in-law, he has “ But Mr. Bellingham, I am sure, had given us one of the most charming pieces no private influence," urged Mrs. East- of biography which it has been our good wood ; "it must have been merit in his fortune of late years to encounter. No case
doubt the materials at his disposal were 66 There was some political reason, I both ample and excellent. A journal suppose,” said Frederick. « Merit' is kept through many years of active service humbug, you may take my word for that. in the field, by one who played no inconBy the bye, I think I will just step out to siderable part in the transactions which the club for half an hour to see what is go
he describes, can hardly fail, under any ing on. It is rather a fine night "
circumstances, to be interesting. And if * But after your illness, Frederick- "it be interspersed with criticisms, not
6 Oh. I am all right," he said, going arising out of information obtained after out of the room. If I am obliged to tell the event, but based upon what an intelthe truth I must say that I do not think ligent observer sees and hears while each his departure was any great loss to his separate operation is in progress, then mother and sister. Mrs. Eastwood sighed, they who follow its details will read as half because it was the first night of his much with a view to instruction as to return, and she felt the slight of his amusement. Such a journal of the great speedy withdrawal, and half because of contest in the Peninsula Sir John Buran old prejudice in her mind that it was goyne kept, and Colonel Wrottesley has best for young men when not engaged to with equal judgment and taste given it spend their evenings at home. But Fred. I to the public exactly as it was written. erick never made himself at all delight-| Nor is it thus alone that he has made the ful at home, after an absence like this, / gallant old soldier his own biographer. for reasons of which she was altogether As time sped on, sweeping from the stage unconscious. Nelly did not sigh at all, of life one after another the giants whom and if she felt her brother's departure, the wars of the French Revolution had did so more in anger than in sorrow.
reared up, Sir John Burgoyne, wellnigh “ Are all young men coxcombs like the last survivor of the race, found his that, I wonder ?” she said.
opinion sought for, on every military sub“ Hush, Nelly, you are always hardject, almost as much by foreign Governupon Frederick. Most of them are dis- ments and their representatives as by his posed that way, I am afraid; and not own. Thus, when the breach with Rusmuch wonder either when girls fatter sia became imminent, he was called upon their vanity. We must teach Innocent to advise, not in Downing Street only, not to be so demonstrative," said Mrs. but at the Tuileries. Thus, when the Eastwood. She sighed again, remember Crimean war came to an end, General ing her friend's warning.“ Perhaps Jane Todtleben, his old opponent, acting for Everard was not so much in the wrong, the Russ
the Russian Government, entered with Nelly, after all.”
him into a friendly and professional con“ I suppose people who take the worst troversy. Colonel Brailmont likewise, view of everything and everybody must well known in this country as the able be in the right sometimes," said Nelly, historian of Wellington's military career, indignantly — a saying in which there appealed to him for advice and support, was more truth than she thought.
when opposed by a commission of Belgian engineers in his plans for the fortification of Antwerp. And American generals opened their minds to him during their civil war, discussing freely their own and their opponents' maneuvres, and accounting as they best could for the formed an illicit connection with a procomparatively trivial "results that, up to fessional singer, who lived with him til! the very last campaign, attended both his death in 1792, and whom, with her their failures and successes. All the let- four children, he left absolutely penniless. ters and memoranda arising out of these of these four children, the subject of references have been preserved ; and - this memoir was the eldest. The day of together with notes of his own services his birth is not given, but we learn that in Ireland as President of the Board of he was baptised in the parish church of Works, his confidential despatches from St. Ann's, Solo, on the 15th of August Turkey and Sebastopol, both before and 1782, and that he received the name of after the commencement of hostilities, his John Fox Burgoyne - Charles James pleasant description of fites at Paris, Com- Fox, the great Whig statesman, standing piègne, Windsor, and elsewhere, and his as one of his sponsors. large and miscellaneous correspondence General Burgoyne, as we have seen, with men eminent both in literature and died in 1792. He had made provision, as science — they constitute such a mass of he thought, in his will for the children curious and valuable materials as seldom and their mother; but when his affairs come into the possession of the most came to be investigated, there were debts favoured of biographers. Let us not, more than sufficient to swallow up all the however, be misunderstood. Where assets, and mother and children were there is neither tact in selecting nor skill thrown upon the world. Nobly and gento use aright what is chosen, a supera-erously Lord Derby came forward to supbundance even of the best materials is ply to the orphans the place of a father. just as apt to confuse as to prove of ser- He assumed at once the entire charge of vice to a writer. Happily Colonel Wrot- their mtintenance, removed them from tesley has slown himself to be deficient their mother's care, and treated them ever in neither of these qualities, and the re-afterwards as if they had been the lawful sult is, as we have just said, one of the offspring of his sister, not the illegitimate most interesting and instructive pieces children of her husband. of biography which has appeared for The subject of the present memoir was many a long day.
* Life and Correspondence of Field-Marslial Sir John Burgoyne, Bart. By his son-in-law, Lieut.-Colonel the Honourable George Wrottesley, Royal Engineers,
sent at first to be educated under a priAmong the soldiers and politicians of vate tutor at Cambridge. With him he the early reign of George III., not the remained for about a year, after which he least distinguished in many respects was removed to Eton, and subsequently, was Lieutenant-General John Burgoyne. in 1796, to the Royal Military Academy His failure at Saratoga, occasioned less at Woolwich. His biographer tells us through his own shortcomings than those that all this while the boy was gentie of others, threw indeed a cloud over a wellnigh to timidity, and accounts for the military reputation which, prior to that circumstance by reference to the state of calamity, had been more than respectable. dependence on the bounty of strangers Great, however, as the misfortune was, it of which, from early years, he had been neither lost for the prisoner on parole the painfully conscious. There may be some good opinion of his friends, nor caused truth in this surmise ; vet, on the whole, society to turn its back upon the some- we are inclined to attribute the infirmity what florid speaker in the House of Com- — for an infirmity it was — much more to mons — and the brilliant author, as a cen- constitutional diffidence than to any assotury ago he was esteemed to be, of “ The ciation of ideas, of which, to say the Lord of the Manor,” and “ The Heiress.” truth, we can discover no trace, either in When a Westminster schoolboy, General his own letters or in those of his friends. Burgoyne had become the sworn friend | Be the causes of the phenomenon, howof Edward, twelfth Earl of Derby, thenever, what they may, nothing can be more Lord Stanley. This led to an intimacy certain than that this distrust of his own with the family, which the soldier of for- powers, which is represented as colourtune somewhat abused by eloping with ing the youth's academic career, never Lady Charlotte, his friend's youngest sis- entirely ceased to be present with the ter. But the incident, whatever may have man throughout a long and useful life. been thought of it by the parents of the In doubtful and difficult circumstances bride, seems not to have interrupted for occurring over and over again, no human a moment the kindly feelings of her being ever took clearer views of what brother towards the bridegroom. Lady ought to be done, or expressed them Charlotte died without issue, in 1776. more distinctly ; yet, in every instance, A year or two afterwards the widower as it would seem, he gave way wheil strenuously opposed, and, retaining his to analyse it, because greater events were own opinions, which were almost always at hand, with the whole of which, from sound, consented to act in contravention the landing of Sir John Moore's division of them. There might be weakness in in Mondego Bay, down to the terminathis. There doubtless was, but it was a tion of hostilities in 1814, our hero was weakness both loyal and amiable. Had constantly mixed up. he been less modest he might have filled in the sufferings and dangers that ata larger space in the world's esteem ; but (tended Sir John Moore's memorable rein this case, the applause of the crowd treat, Captain Burgoyne had his full would have been purchased at the ex- share. He it was who, after mining the pense of those very qualities which ren- bridge over the Esla, held it till the dered him so much an object of personal British army had crossed over, and then love to his friends and associates. I blew it up, just as the French were de
Young Burgoyne's first commission as scending from the opposite heights to lieutenant in the Royal Engineers bears force a passage. He was not, indeed, date the 29th of August 1798. By a cu-l present at the battle of Corunna, because rious coincidence, the first professional his line of retreat lay in a different diduty which he was called upon to per- rection ; but he lost his horses, his bagform was to assist in fortifying the west-gage, and all else that he possessed, and ern heights at Dover; and he lived to returned to England with the light diviscomplete the works, as Director-General ion from Vigo, rendered all but totally of Fortifications, just seventy years after- deaf by the hardships which he had unwards -i.e., in 1868.
dergone. Again Lord Derby came forIn 1800 our young soldier found him- ward like a father, to comfort and susself under orders to proceed to Egypt tain him. Immediately on reaching Lonwith a force, of which General Abercrom- don he received a letter from his noble by was at the head. He did not, how friend enclosing a draft upon Drumever, get further on that occasion than mond's, and begging him to apply withMalta, of which the French were then in out scruple for further pecuniary aid, possession, and in the blockade and cap- should it be required. Nothing can be ture of the forts commanding which he more touching or in better taste than the was employed. There he subsequently letters which passed on both sides, and remained, serving as aid-de-camp to Gen- which Colonel Wrottesley has with great eral Fox till the peace of 1802, when he propriety given at length. Burgoyne's obtained leave of absence, and made a journal shows likewise, that the suffertour through Egypt, Turkey, and Greece. ings of the campaign were all forgotten Young as he was, he appears to have during the pleasant weeks which he spent, travelled with his eyes and ears open ; partly at the Oaks, one of Lord Derby's for the information which he communi- country residences, and partly in Loncated on his return respecting the in- don. There, among other sights, he trigues of the French in the East was witnessed the burning of Drury Lane considered so valuable that the Governor theatre ; but his services were soon reat once transmitted it to Downing Street. quired on a larger field, and he went The result was, a second expedition by- forth again, to enter upon a life of miliand-by to Egypt, in which Burgoyne, tary adventure, which, beginning in Lisnow promoted to a captaincy, took part, bon, suffered no interruption till it carbut which unhappily failed, partly be- ried him to the blockade of Bayonne and cause the force employed was insufficient, the first abdication of Napoleon. partly because the enterprise was not Our readers would scarcely thank us, conducted with the skill and judgment we suspect, if, from the volume now lying necessary to insure success.
open on our table, we were to draw for During 1806, and part of 1807, Captain them a sketch of the war, as it was waged Burgoyné served in Sicily. In Decem- sixty years ago in Spain and Portugal. ber of the latter year he was recalled to Much more to the purpose it will be if. England in order to accompany, as Com- referring such as are curious in this matmanding Engineer, a force which was ter to Burgoyne's journal itself, wherein about to proceed to Sweden under Sir John are jotted down both the movements of Moore. Of the adventures of that little columns and the personal adventures of army and of its leader, as well as of the the diarist, we content ourselves with Government and people of Sweden, Bur- | making one or two extracts, such as shall goyne's journal gives a curious and in- show not only what the writer said and teresting account. But we cannot stop | did in the performance of his duty, but
LIVING AGE. VOL. II. 87
the light in which some of the great ray troops enough to fill them, and that Duke's military operations presented further to divide his army appeared to themselves to a mind not naturally prone Sir Arthur Wellesley undesirable. With to find fault with those in authority. For respect to the second, it must be borne ourselves, we offer no opinion with re- in mind that the English army was comgard to the justice or injustice of some posed mainly of very young men -most of these criticisms, though the first, of them recently recruited - of whom which we now proceed to transcribe, is Captain Burgoyne himself, after seeing undoubtedly at variance in one important them passed in review, says : “ The army particular with the spirit of what the is not so fine an one as I have been acwriter had himself previously stated, and customed to see, - most of them very is opposed in other respects to all history. young soldiers ; ” while “ the Portuguese He has told the story of the passage of made a very bad figure indeed, - cannot the Douro somewhat incorrectly as re- march, - the men particularly small." gards the means that were employed to With troops of this description rapid achieve it. He goes on to express an movements are most distressing, as, inopinion upon the entire operation in the deed, was shown by the numbers who following terms:
broke down during this campaign. Sir The first thing that strikes one in this busi
Arthur also pretty well accounted for the ness is the little previous preparation. Why escape of the enemy when he
escape of the enemy when he said in his Beresford, whose object was evidently to im- despatch -“ It is obvious, that if an pede the retreat of the enemy, take up his army throws away all its cannon, equiptime, and divert him sufficiently to enable the ments, and baggage, and everything main body to be close at his heels and attack which can strengthen it, and can enable him, was not allowed more time to seize upon it to act together as a body, and abanimportant posts, destroy bridges, &c.; and I dons all those who are entitled to its prowhy Romana was not acquainted in time tertion but add to its weight and impede with the operations about to be undertaken against Soult, when he would have been very
its progress, it must be able to march by happy to have lent a hand to so important an
in roads through which it cannot be folundertaking; and though his undisciplined | lowed with any prospect of being overtroops may have been very unequal to meet taken by an army which has not made the French in the open field, no one will say these sacrifices." they were not very adequate to a war of posts in all the sieges which occurred durin broken wild country, and especially against ing the progress of the war, Burgoyne these already harassed dispirited troops.
took a leading part. He seems, indeed, As regards the immediate work of attacking
to have been the first officer of his corps Oporto, it has been shown that the General had information on the morning of the 12th
who, in the absence of a body of drilled that a body of the enemy had left Oporto and sappers, trained the soldiers of the line taken the road to Valongo very early that both to sap and mine. Lieut.-Col. Fletchmorning; that the floating bridge at Oporto er makes special mention of this circumhad been blown up in the night, but that at stance in a letter addressed to the Infrom four to eight miles above there were spector-General of Fortifications; and plenty of boats and every facility to pass the | Captain (afterwards Sir C. P.) Pasley, river. From these considerations it would himself the originator of the corps of appear the most military mode of proceedingsappers and miners, also refers to it: would have been to have sent a small corps « The sappers we lately employed,” says direct to Oporto to amuse the enemy while the
| the former, “ were taken from the 3d Dimain body crossed the river at Aventes. Had this been done the French army would have
vision, and had received such instruction been divided in two, the rear-guard left in the as time and means afforded, under Captown easily cut off, and the retreat of the re- tain Burgoyne.” “I congratulate you," mainder consequently more difficult. But then writes the latter, “ upon the honour which the brilliant achievement of forcing the pas. you will have of being the officer who sage of a considerable river in the presence of trained the first sappers in the British an enemy would have been lost.
service that ever acted against an enThere is another point open to criticism
emy." viz., the want of celerity with which a flying
ing Burgoyne, now promoted to the rank dispirited enemy was hurried, &C., &C.
Lof maior by brevet, was attached, at the The only remark which we care to siege of Badajos, to the 3d, Picton's, Dihazard on the first of these criticisms vision. He describes vividly, in his is, that if there were abundance of boats journal, the escalade of the castle, by four or five miles higher up the stream, which the place was taken. But we prethere were, likewise, with General Mur-| fer giving an extract from a description