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be established. It was proposed in the first instance to work the whole system under the general supervision of a Committee of Privy Council for Scotch Education sitting in London and administering the Parliamentary grant, The bill on the whole was favourably received by the Scotch members, and after some detailed criticism on the composition of the proposed Board, and the concessions made to heritors presently rated for the support of schools, was committed for a second reading on the 27th.
13.-The Cunard Mediterranean steamer Morocco, with a cargo valued at 150,000l., sinks in the Mersey, after coming into collision with the new Greek steamer Wyoming.
14.-Replying to Lord Cairns' criticism of Mr. Gladstone's statement in the House of Commons, Earl Granville reports that it was well known Lord Palmerston did not attach great importance to the Black Sea clauses of the Treaty of Paris, but on the contrary thought there might be a demand for their modification within ten years or possibly less.
- Surrender of Belfort under a convention permitting the garrison to leaye the fortress with all the honours of war. An armistice was concluded at the same time for the Côte d'Or, Jura, and Doubs.
15.–Mr. Chambers' Marriage with a Deceased Wife's Sister Bill read a second time in the Commons by 125 to 84 votes.
In the Upper House of Convocation a motion submitted by the Bishop of Winchester, excluding Unitarians from the work of revising the Authorized Version of Scripture, was carried by a majority of 10 to 4. In the Lower House this resolution was so far modified as to preclude any expression of opinion on the point raised till a special committee appointed for the purpose had made their report.
Parliament of the Dominion of Canada opened, the Governor-General congratulating the House upon the auspicious circumstances of the country, and speaking in high terms of the gallant manner in which the Fenian invasion had been suppressed. Canada, it was urged, made no demand beyond what she was entitled to by treaty and the law of nations, nor had she sought to maintain the rights of her people in any other than a considerate, friendly spirit.
16.-In the House of Lords the Duke of Somerset obtains the appointment of a committee to inquire into “ the constitution of the Board of Admiralty with reference to recent changes, and to the practical working of the department."
Official intimation given that sealed letters may now be forwarded to Paris.
Recent negotiations between M. Jules Favre and Count Bismarck, at Versailles, result in the prolongation of the armistice for five days—to the 24th.
Proposal made in the Italian Chamber for attaching a condition to the Pope's Guaran.
tee Bill for expelling the Jesuits out of Italian territory.
16.-Replying to a question submitted by Sir J. Hay, as to whether Mr. Odo Russell was instructed by her Majesty's Government to say that the Black Sea question was of a nature in its present state to compel us, with or without allies, to go to war with Russia, Mr. Glad. stone said Mr. Russell had on this point spoken without authority; but he did not attach the slightest blame to Mr. Russell, “because it is perfectly well known that the duty of her Majesty's diplomatic agents requires them to express themselves in that mode in which they can best support and recommend the propositions of which they wish to procure acceptance.” Mr. Odo Russell afterwards explained that the reasons inducing him to use such an argument were, that Great Britain was bound by the Treaty of 1856, that Prince Gortschakoft's note assumed the right of Russia to renounce either the whole or part, that France was otherwise engaged, and Austria unprepared.
Mr. Gladstone's motion for a grant of 30,000l. as a dowry to the Princess Louise carried by a majority of 350 to 1 (Professor Fawcett) and two tellers Mr. Taylor and Sir C. Dilke.
17.-Cane on in the Court of Queen's Bench, the action raised by Mr. G. A. Sala against Messrs. Hodder and Stoughton, for libellous matter embodied in a work written by Mr. Hain Friswell, “Modern Men of Letters Honestly Criticized,” and of which the defend. ants were the publishers. The article advanced a number of insinuations of an offensive nature against the private character of the plaintiff, mixed up with some indiscriminate laudation of his talents and capacities. On the second day of trial the jury returned a verdict for the plaintiff-damages, 500l.
The Upper House of Convocation engage in the discussion of a petition signed by 900 clergymen of the Church of England, protesting against the decisions of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, on the ground that it was lay tribunal and unsuited for the decision of spiritual affairs. After a debate as to the terms of the petition, it was ordered to lie on the table. In the Lower House Dean Stanley defended his proceedings in the matter known as the “ Westminster Communion." Nothing, he said, which tne House might think fit to pass should prevent him from acting on the principle upon which he had acted when he was the celebrant in Henry the Seventh's Chapel ; and, more, nothing which this House could pass could deprive him of his right as a ciergyman to administer the Sacra. ment under other laws and other rules than the laws and rules of the Church of England. Nor would he allow himself to be brought down from the high position which his office gave him by any vote ; and he quoted the words of American bishops as to the true catholicity of
the English Church, in its being unfenced in July last, tried at the Cumberland Assize, about by declarations required in some sects, and acquitted, on the charge of manslaughter, thanking God from the bottom of his heart (See July 11.) that the English Church was thus free, that he
18.-Close of the Bavarian Diet, Prince Adalhad had the opportunity of showing this before bert in the name of the King expressing a deter. the face of the world, and that he was able thus mination to remain loyally attached to the whole to follow Bishop Wilson's well-known acts. Fatherland. 17.--M. Thiers appointed Head of the
- The Danube, owing to an accumulation Executive Power, and M. Grévy President of
of ice, overflows its banks at Vienna and causes the Bordeaux National Assembly. A declara
about 3,000 people to quit their dwellings. tion laid on the table from the Deputies of the Lower and Upper Rhine, Meurthe, and Moselle
19.-In the National Assembly to-day M. affirmed that “ Peace in consideration of a
Thiers read a speech, in which he stated that,
though appalled at the painful task imposed cession of territory will never be a durable
upon him by the country, he accepted it with peace, but merely a momentary truce, which
obedience, devotion, and love-sentiments of would soon be followed by another war. As to ourselves, inhabitants of Alsace and Lorraine,
which France stood all the more in need, in
asmuch as she was unfortunate—more unforwe are ready to resume fighting, and therefore
tunate than at any former period of her history, we shall beforehand hold as null and void any offers, treaty, votes, or plébiscite which would
But, he added, she is still great, young, rich, and have for effect to sever Alsace and Lorraine
full of resources, and will always remain a
lasting monument of human energy. M. Thiers from France. We proclaim our right to remain
then announced that in selecting the following united to French soil, and we formally engage
members of the Ministry he had been guided to defend our honour.” The discussion on the
solely by the public esteem they enjoyed and declaration was voted urgent, and the Com
their public character and capacities :-M. mittee to whom it was committed promised
Dufaure-Minister of Justice ; M. Jules Favre that it would be passed to the Deputies en
---Minister of Foreign Affairs ; M. Picardtrusted to negotiate with Prussia.
Minister of the Interior ; M. Jules Simon- Mr. Cardwell introduces the army esti Minister of Public Instruction ; M. Lambrecht mates, the amount proposed to be voted being -Minister of Commerce ; General Le Flo15,851,7001, or 2,886,700l. in excess of the Minister of War; Admiral Pothuan- Minister of preceding year. He took occasion to describe Marine. M. Jules Favre said the Government in detail the various features of army reform has deemed it necessary to unite Parliamentary which the Government had resolved on intro powers with those of the Executive, and producing. “We propose (he said) to increase poses in consequence that, in order to facilitate the Militia, to organize the Volunteers, to pro the negotiations, the Assembly should appoint vide for compulsory service in cases of a committee of fifteen deputies to proceed at emergency, to abolish purchase, to withdraw once to Paris, who will be in constant com. from Iord-lieutenants the power they have now munication with the negotiators; the latter emin regard to the auxiliary forces (retaining their powered to negotiate in the name of the country, recommendation for first commissions), to com and the commission to report to the Assembly. bine the whole under general officers, to ap A deputation proceeded to Versailles to-night point colonels on the staff in sufficient numbers to ascertain the German terms of peace. to this army, to combine recruiting for the Line
- Attempt to assassinate Señor Riaz Zorwith that of the command of Reserves, to fuse
rilla, ex-President of the Cortes, while walking together as we can the Regular and Reserve
near Calle San Roque, Madrid. forces by appointing officers of the Regular
20.-In committee to-night on the Uni. army to positions in the Reserve, and by giving
versity Tests Bill, Mr. Fawcett's motion to subalterns of Militia commissions in the Line.
abolish the restrictions in favourof clerical head. We propose to brigade them together, to find
ships and fellowships was rejected by 182 to 160 field artillery for all armies, to enable counties
votes. The majority included several memto get rid of the inconvenience of billets, to
bers of the Opposition, while the minority gain command of the railway communication
were mostly pledged supporters of Government. of the country in case of emergency-in short,
In the course of a debate on Mr. Stephenson's we propose to unite all the voluntary forces of
amendment to remove from Clause 3 the ex the country into one defensive army, with
ception in favour of Divinity Degrees, Mr. power to supplement by compulsion in cases of
Gladstone explained that he was under promise emergency-all to be under the command of
to send up to the House of Lords a bill similar the general officers commanding in districts, sub
to last year's; so far as Mr. Fawcett's wish that ordinate to one Commander-in-Chief, who will
the Government would ponder was concerned, act with the approval of the Secretary of State ;
all he could say was that Government had and, therefore, the whole will be under the
seriously pondered the matter, and their deci. direction and supreme control of her Majesty's
sion was irrevocable ; but it was open for Mr. responsible Ministers.”
Fawcett to take any course he liked. If the 18.-Rowell, the railway stoker concerned Housedisapproved of the measure, some private in the fatal collision at Citadel Station, Carlisle, | member must take it up.
20.—The Bishop of Winchester's Benefices Registration Bill, designed to enable clergymen incapacitated by age or infirmity to resign on a moderate pension, read a second time.
Mr. Forster introduces the Ballot Bill, securing secret voting, and providing as far as possible against personation by compelling the voter to use an official paper only available after he had entered the polling booth. The use of public-houses as committee-rooms during elections was prohibited, and also the old plan of nominating candidates and declaring the result of the poll.
The French mails forwarded to Paris by way of Calais for the first time since the investment of the city by German troops. Regular railway service was established with Belgium on the 23rd.
Wide currency being now given to a rumour that the Germans intended to make a triumphal march into Paris, General Trochu writes :-“Since the enemy so desires, let the government of the city be given over to him, and let him bear alone the odium and responsibilities of his violence. As a mute and solemn protest, let the gates remain closed, and let him open them with his artillery, to which Paris disarmed will make no reply ; and let us leave the judgment of our cause to truth, justice, and history."
21.–Mr. Trevelyan's motion for altering the tenure of the Commander-in-Chief's office, so as to enable the Secretary for War freely to avail himself of the best administrative talent and most recent military experience, rejected after debate by a majority of 201 to 83 votes.
22.-Versailles intelligence makes mention of a further extension of the armistice, to the 26th, a concession looked on in the City as confirmatory of rumours now current regarding an immediate and lasting peace. M. Thiers was received by the Emperor William this forenoon, and General Chanzy by the Crown Prince.
President Grant gives a general audience at Washington to O'Donovan Rossa and other Fenian conspirators.
23.– The Ecclesiastical Titles (Repeal) Bill read a second time in the House of Commons by 137 to 51 votes.
The University Tests Bill read a third time and passed by the House of Commons; Mr. Fawcett protesting against the measure in so far as it did not deal with clerical fellowships.
In the course of a debate raised by the Earl of Camarvon on National Defences, the Duke of Cambridge, speaking as the military officer who was in a great measure responsible for the efficiencv of the army, said that from the day he first entered the army to the present moment he had supported every measure and every improvenient which he believed had a tendency to promote the comfort of the British soldier,
23.--The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council give judgment in the appeal of the Rev. Mr. Purchas, known as the Brighton Ritual case.” Their lordships considered that Mr. Purchas had offended against ecclesiastical law by wearing the chasuble, alb, and tunicle during the Communion service ; by using wine mixed with water and wafer bread in the administration of the Communion ; and by standing with his back to the people, between the Communion table and the congregation, during the consecration prayer. The charges of wearing a cap called a biretta, and of using holy water, were not suiticiently proved to enable their lordships to come to a decision; and on these points, therefore, the appeal was disallowed. The appellant was condemned in costs in both courts.
Lord Harlington gives notice of his intention to move for a Secret Committee to inquire into the state of the counties of Westmeath, Meath, and King's County, the existence of unlawful combinations there, and the best means of suppressing them. The proposal gave rise to a sharp debate on the 27th, when Mr. Disraeli taunted the Premier with having recourse to a Committee of the kind proposed after being selected as the only man capable of dealing with the evils of Ireland, and backed by a majority which had legalized confiscation, consecrated sacrilege, and condoned high treason.
24.-Mr. Grant-Duff submits to a thin House the Indian financial statement for the year 1870–71, showing an estimated revenue of 51,000,000l. and an expenditure of 50,000,oool.
- French Rentes quoted in Paris at 52f. 5c.
· Professor Jowett, Master of Balliol, entertained at a banquet at the Albion, presided over by Dean Stanley,
· Explosion in the Pentre Colliery, Rhonda Valley, Glamorganshire, causing the death of thirty-eight workmen, the whole employed at the time in the Welsh steam seam, where the disaster occurred.
Count Bernstorff presents his credentials as German Ambassador to the Queen at Buck. ingham Palace, and the Duc de Broglie as Ambassador for the Government of France, now recognised by nearly all the European Powers.
Mr. Disraeli introduces a debate on the Black Sea Treaty by calling attention to the
mysterious inconsistency” of the Government regarding that question, and charges the Premier with confounding his own private and unpopular views with the policy of ihe Government of 1856, so far as to impute to departed statesmen of great eminence opinions which they did not hold, and contrary indeed to all their expressed convictions. Mr. Gladstone made an animated reply, imputing to his assailant artifice and ignorance, and explaining that the language said to have been used by Mr. Odo Russell recently at Versailles was in reality the language of Count Bismarck. As
far as the object of the Conference was con francs was to take place during 1871, and the cerned, it was intended, he said, “to receive, in remainder within three years from the ratificaa manner compatible with and conformable to tion of the present preliminaries. The 3rd public international law, the representations Article provided for the gradual withdrawal of that Russia may have to make, to give to the German troops from France in proportion those representations a fair, candid, and friendly as the indemmity was paid or financial guahearing, and to consider, renovate, and, if need rantees given. By a Convention subjoined to be, fortify any of the other provisions of the the Treaty it was provided that “the part of Treaty of 1856, against which it may be found the city of Paris in the interior of the enceinte by the Conference any reasonable objection can comprehended between the Seine, the Rue du be raised.”
Faubourg St. Honoré, and the Avenue des
Ternes, shall be occupied by German troops, 24.-Anniversary of the French Revolution
the number of which shall not exceed 30,000 of 1848 celebrated in Paris by a demonstration
men. The mode of occupation, and the disat the graves of citizens shot in the Place de la
positions for the lodging of the German troops, Bastile.
in this part of the city, shall be regulated by an 25,-Anxious discussion of terms of peace understanding between two officers of the two at Versailles, the conference to-day being pro armies; and access to that quarter shall be tracted over a period of fully eight hours. It interdicted to the French troops, and to the is now given out as one result of the negotia- | armed National Guard, while the occupation tions that Paris is to be occupied for a brief lasts." The last conference over, M. Thiers period by Germans.
and his friends returned to Paris, where a 26.–Treaty of peace between Germany and
delegation and Council were summoned to
receive their report preparatory to submitting France concluded at Versailles, the preli
it for ratification to the National Assembly. minary conditions, after much patient negotiation, being signed this (Sunday) afternoon by 27.-Deputies of the Extreme Left meet a: the high contracting parties. The Emperor
Bordeaux, to protest against any peace based William,“ with a deeply-moved heart and
upon the cession of territory. with gratitude to God," telegraphed the result at once to Berlin, while the French Executive 28.-Debate in the National Assembly at gave instruction to all the Prefects, and recom Bordeaux on the terms of the Treaty of Peace. mended them to inform military commanders In the afternoon, amid the most profound of the fact. The negotiations were conducted silence, M. Thiers said: “We have accepted with the utmost secrecy, and removed altogether a painful mission, and, after having used all from any influence likely to be exercised by possible endeavours, we come with regret to neutrals either for advice or guarantee. The submit to your approval a bill for which we ask most serious discussion took place regarding the urgency. Art. 1. The National Assembly, surrender of Metz, which the French negotiators forced by necessity, is not responsible, and opposed till they saw that continued resistance adopts the preliminaries of peace signed at imperilled the cause of peace, and might pro Versailles on the 26th of February.'” At this bably end in a renewal of hostilities at the point M. Thiers was so overpowered by his termination of the armistice at midnight. The feelings, that he had to descend from the only modification the Germans were understood tribune and leave the hall while the details to have made in the original severity of their of the treaty were read by M. Barthélemy terms was the restitution of the fortress of Bel St. Hilaire. At the conclusion of the debate, fort commanding the passes in the Vosges, con M. Thiers made an animated appeal to the ceded, it was said, as an equivalent for permit. Deputies to share the responsibility already inting the German army to march through Paris, curred, and not to refrain from voting. Next The major conditions of the Treaty were the day, when the victorious Germans entered Paris cession of Alsace and German Lorraine, and in triumph, the terms of the treaty were ratified the payment of a war indemnity of five mil by 546 votes to 107. At the same sitting a liards of franks (200,000,oool.)-demands it was formal proposal was submitted, amid enthathought as great as Europe would allow, and | siastic cheers, for the deposition of Napoleon not unlikely to create a permanent feeling of III. as the person “responsible for all our mis. hatred between the two countries. The fortunes, the ruin, the invasion, and the disboundary of the new frontier was described memberment of France." The ex-Emperor as commencing at the north-west portion of was permitted to leave Wilhelmshöhe on the the Canton of Cattenom, towards the Grand 19th March, and on the 20th arrived at Dover, · Duchy of Luxemburg, tending southward to where he received a welcome reception, and Rezonville, south-eastward to St. Marie, and was met by the Empress Eugénie and the again southward to the Swiss frontier by way Prince Imperial, with various members of the of St. Maurice, Giromaguy, and Delle. The late Court, who accompanied him to Chisle. payment, it was stipulated, of one milliard of | hurst.