« VorigeDoorgaan »
the Vatican were afterwards declared to be world and new objects, and had entirely de. national property.
stroyed the old balance of power. Its' first 9,-Died at the Residentiary House, Amen consequence was the repudiation by Russia of court, aged 73, Henry Melvill, D.D., Canon the Treaty of 1856. And here our Govern. of St. Paul's. He was succeeded in the ment suffered the consequences of their own Canonry by Dr. Lightfoot, Hulsean Professor repudiation of the Saxon guarantee, for they of Divinity, Cambridge.
exposed themselves to the answer from Count - Parliament opened by the Queen in person,
Bismarck that they had themselves done only accompanied by the Prince and Princess of
four months before what they were now so Wales, the Princess Louise, and other mem
angry with Russia for doing. The proper bers of the Royal Family, who, preceded
answer to Prince Gortschakoff's note was to by the great officers of state, passed in proces
warn Russia that she must take the consesion from Buckingham Palace to Westminster.
quences of such an act, and he believed that if The Royal Speech (read by the Lord Chan
we had answered thus we should have heard no cellor) was of unusual length, and began by a
more about it. The natural result of the Conreference to the war raging till recently between
ference would of course be that Russia would France and Germany, in which it was said, “I
get all she wanted-as Russia always did in have maintained the rights and strictly discharged
conferences and congresses, especially when she the duties of neutrality," and been enabled
met Prussia there. Mr. Gladstone explained “ on more than one occasion to contribute
that the conditions under which the Saxon towards placing the representatives of the two guarantee was given had long since changed, contending countries in confidential communi
and that Prussia was quite able to take care of cation." Her Majesty had offered congratula
herself. As to the neutrality of the Black Sea, tions to the King of Prussia on accepting the
he declared that Lord Clarendon and Lord title of Emperor of Germany-an event “bear
Palmerston both set little value on it, and that ing testimony to the solidity and independence"
neither Austria nor France regarded it as a of that country, and conducive, it was hoped, to
restriction which could be permanently enthe stability of the European system ; had up
forced. Had we gone to war on that account, held the sanctity of treaties by commencing a
we should have had to do so alone. AcceptConference in London ; and was a party to a
ing the challenge as to the state of our armajoint commission for adjusting several questions
ments, he appealed to the familiar test of of importance with the United States. Allusion
arithmetic. The army of 1862, which Mr. was made to the elevation of a Prince of the
Disraeli denounced as “ bloated,” amounted to House of Savoy to the Spanish throne, to the
92,270, and in 1870 it was only 3,000 less; the
difference could scarcely be called attenuation, inquiry into the Greek massacres-unhappily not yet carried to a termination “answerable
especially as we had now a reserve of 23,000, in all respects to my just expectations"_to which we had not in 1862. Moreover, the the massacre at Tien-tsin as justifying a policy
estimates of 1868, for which Mr. Disraeli was of conciliation and forbearance, and to the
responsible, gave only 87,500 men. Though friendship and good understanding prevailing anxious to take the most hopeful view of the with sovereigns and states abroad. The only
armistice, he could not deny that the future of reference to domestic affairs was a brief state
Europe was full of danger. He repudiated ment of the consent given to the marriage of
non-intervention as a rigid policy. Whatever the Princess Louise and the Marquis of Lorne.
our security, power, and independence, we had Bills were promised for the better regulation of
no right to wrap ourselves up in an absolute the army and auxiliary land forces of the
and selfish isolation. We had a history, we had Crown-a change “from a less to a more
traditions, we had living, constant, perpetual, effective and elastic system of defensive mili multiplied intercourse and contact with every tary preparation”- Religious Tests in Univer
people in Europe. We should be unworthy sities, Ecclesiastical Titles, Disabilities of Trade
of the recollections of our past, unworthy of Combinations, Courts of Justice and Appeal,
the hopes of the future, unworthy of the greatAdjustment of Local Boundaries, Licensing,
ness of the present, if we disowned the obligaSecret Voting, and Primary Education in Scot
tions which arose out of those relations to land. The Address was agreed to without a
others more liable to suffer than ourselves. division, though Mr. Disraeli commented with 9.-Joint Commission announced to meet at some severity on an armed neutrality as “a Washington for settling Fishery disputes, Alavery serious thing for a nation that for a year and bama claims, and other outstanding differences a half has been disbanding its veterans ; a very between the United States and Great Britain. serious thing for a nation with skeleton bat
– Died in Boston, aged 80, George Ticknor, talions and attenuated squadrons, and batteries
a cultivated American littérateur. without sufficient guns, and yet more guns than
10.-Earthquake shock experienced at Darmgunners; a very serious thing for a nation which is without a military reserve, has left off ship stadt. building and reduced its blue-jackets,” Mr. - Mr. Gladstone introduces the new UniDisraeli thought the present war part of a great versity Tests Bill, a measure similar in sub. German Revolution, more important politically | stance to that rejected by the Lords last than the French Revolution. It opened a new | session,
10.-General Le Flô arrives at Bordeaux to may arise from the precedent you refer to must undertake the direction of the Ministry of War. rest on Mr. Childers, who officially published
- Storm on the Bridlington coast causing a paper containing grave charges against my. serious destruction to life and shipping pro
self while I was one of his colleagues, without perty. As many as eighteen vessels were giving me an opportunity of explanation or thought to have foundered between Flam remonstrance. He thus left me no alternative borough Head and Auburn House.
but to reply to him officially, or submit to the
undeserved stigma he endeavoured to inflict on 11.-The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council give judgment in the case of the Rev.
11.-The 200,000,ooof. loan authorized by C. Voysey. Basing their decision on the appel
the City of Paris taken up by bankers in the lant's denial of the Articles relating to original
capital. sin, the sacrifice and sufferings of Christ, the Incarnation, and the Trinity, their lordships
12.-The National Assembly at Bordeaux confirmed the sentence of deprivation pro meet this afternoon for a preliminary sitting, nounced by the Chancery of York, and con
the oldest member, M. Benoît d'Arzy, occupydemned Mr. Voysey in costs. After a perusal ing the chair. Next day M. Jules Favre, in the of the appellant's writings they were driven to name of his colleagues at Bordeaux and Paris, the conclusion that he advisedly rejected the resigned their power as the Government of the doctrines on the profession of which alone he National Defence into the hands of the reprewas admitted to the position of a minister in the sentatives. Thanks (he said) to your patriotism Church. The appellant was allowed a week
and reunion, we hope that the country, having within which he might retract his opinions-a
been taught by misfortune, will know how permission he declined to avail himself of, to heal her wounds and to reconstitute the though grateful (he wrote) that “another op national existence. “I hope that I shall be portunity has been afforded me of 'expressly
able to confirm to those with whom we have and unreservedly' reaffirming all those opinions
to negotiate, that the country can do its duty. which their lordships declare to be contrary to
(Loud cheers.) The enemy must know that the Thirty-nine Articles, and of rejecting the
we have the honour of France at heart. He offer of repurchasing my once cherished posi
will also know that all France will decide. In tion in the Established Church by proclaiming conformity with the eventuality already foremyself a hypocrite."
seen by the Convention, a prolongation of the
armistice will probably become necessary. Let - Mr. Childers's “Minute" regarding the
us render this prolongation as short as possible, loss of the Captain leading to a difference of
in order not to lose a moment, and let us but opinion as to the share of responsibility in
think of the sufferings of the population of the curred by Admiralty officials, the Prime Minis
invaded districts." The Chamber then adopted ter (in the absence from ill health of the First
a motion for the provisional application of the Lord) endeavours to ascertain from Sir Spencer
standing order of 1848 and 1851. At the same Robinson when it would be convenient for
sitting General Garibaldi, "loving the Rehim to withdraw from the office of Controller.
public but hating the priesthood," renounced Sir Spencer replied that, not being a consenting
the office of Deputy with which he had been party in any way to the transaction, he could
honoured by several departments. He also only say that the arrangement was entirely in
resigned command of the Army of the Vosges, the Premier's own hands. “The fact that my
and soon after took his departure for Caprera office as Lord of the Admiralty is held, as you
-- The report from Paris to-day is that the rightly state, during pleasure, will not, I hope,
city is perfectly quiet and engaged in the task prevent you from acceding to my request that I
of revictualling. "M. Jules Favre was leaving should be allowed to see a memorandum which
for Bordeaux. has led you to withdraw your confidence from me. I am sure you will see the justice of com
- The terms of the Paris war contribution plying with this request, when you remember
finally arranged to-day : two millions sterling that in June last I consented to remain in a
to be paid in cash; a similar amount in Bank position far from satisfactory to myself at your
of France notes, and four millions in bills on request, on your representations that my services
London. at the Admiralty were most valuable to the 13.–The Lord Advocate's Education Bill nation, and that their cessation would be in- | for Scotland introduced and read a first time. jurious to the public interests.” To-day Mr. The measure proposed to take the present Gladstone writes :-“There will be no objer system as a foundation, and to extend the tion whatever to the production of your reply area of rating to all lands and heritages, to the minute of the First Lord. It is clearly without exception, substituting real rent as the due to you. But in order to avoid what would rule of rating, so that all would contribute be an inconvenient precedent, the date of the according to actual possession. The management reply should be posterior to your quitting of the schools, in like manner, to be extended office." Sir Spencer, thereupon, closed the to all persons who contributed to the rates. correspondence :“I regret that I cannot con The ratepayers to elect school boards for desent to alter the date of my reply to Mr. ciding on the educational requirements of each Childers's Minute. Any inconvenience that | district and fixing where new schools should
be established. It was proposed in the first tee Bill for expelling the Jesuits out of Italian instance to work the whole system under the territory. general supervision of a Committee of Privy 16.-Replying to a question submitted by Sir Council for Scotch Education sitting in London J. Hay, as to whether Mr. Odo Russell was and administering the Parliamentary grant. instructed by her Majesty's Government to say The bill on the whole was favourably received
that the Black Sea question was of a nature in by the Scotch members, and after some detailed its present state to compel us, with or without criticism on the composition of the proposed
allies, to go to war with Russia, Mr. Glad. Board, and the concessions made to heritors stone said Mr. Russell had on this point spoken presently rated for the support of schools, was without authority; but he did not attach the committed for a second reading on the 27th. slightest blame to Mr. Russell, “because it is
13.—The Cunard Mediterranean steamer perfectly well known that the duty of her MaMorocco, with a cargo valued at 150,000l., sinks jesty's diplomatic agents requires them to exin the Mersey, after coming into collision with press themselves in that mode in which they the new Greek steamer Wyoming.
can best support and recommend the proposi14.- Replying to Lord Cairns' criticism of
tions of which they wish to procure acceptMr. Gladstone's statement in the House of
ance." Mr. Odo Russell afterwards explained Commons, Earl Granville reports that it was
that the reasons inducing him to use such an well known Lord Palmerston did not attach
argument were, that Great Britain was bound great importance to the Black Sea clauses of
by the Treaty of 1856, that Prince Gortschathe Treaty of Paris, but on the contrary thought
koft's note assumed the right of Russia to there might be a demand for their modification
renounce either the whole or part, that within ten years or possibly less.
France was otherwise engaged, and Austria – Surrender of Belfort under a convention
unprepared. permitting the garrison to leaye the fortress
- Mr. Gladstone's motion for a grant of with all the honours of war. An armistice was
30,000l, as a dowry to the Princess Louise concluded at the same time for the Côte d'Or,
carried by a majority of 350 to 1 (Professor Jura, and Doubs.
Fawcett) and two tellers-Mr. Taylor and Sir
C. Dilké. 15,-Mr. Chambers' Marriage with a Deceased Wife's Sister Bill read a second time in 17.-Cane on in the Court of Queen's the Commons by 125 to 84 votes.
Bench, the action raised by Mr. G. A. Sala - In the Upper House of Convocation a against Messrs. Hodder and Stoughton, for motion submitted by the Bishop of Winchester, libellous matter embodied in a work written by excluding Unitarians from the work of revising
Mr. Hain Friswell, “Modern Men of Letters the Authorized Version of Scripture, was carried
Honestly Criticized,” and of which the defendby a majority of 10 to 4. In the Lower House ants were the publishers. The article advanced this resolution was so far modified as to preclude a number of insinuations of an offensive nature any expression of opinion on the point raised against the private character of the plaintiff, till a special committee appointed for the
mixed up with some indiscriminate laudation purpose had made their report.
of his talents and capacities. On the second - Parliament of the Dominion of Canada
day of trial the jury returned a verdict for the opened, the Governor-General congratulating
plaintiff-damages, 500l. the House upon the auspicious circumstances - The Upper House of Convocation of the country, and speaking in high terms of engage in the discussion of a petition signed the gallant manner in which the Fenian in by 900 clergymen of the Church of England, vasion had been suppressed. Canada, it was protesting against the decisions of the Judicial urged, made no demand beyond what she was Committee of the Privy Council, on the ground entitled to by treaty and the law of nations, that it was a lay tribunal and unsuited for the nor had she sought to maintain the rights of decision of spiritual affairs. After a debate as her people in any other than a considerate, to the terms of the petition, it was ordered to friendly spirit.
lie on the table. In the Lower House Dean 16.-In the House of Lords the Duke of
Stanley defended his proceedings in the matter Somerset obtains the appointment of a com
known as the “ Westminster Communion.” mittee to inquire into “the constitution of the
Nothing, he said, which tne House might Board of Admiralty with reference to recent
think fit to pass should prevent him from acting changes, and to the practical working of the
on the principle upon which he had acted department.”
when he was the celebrant in Henry the
Seventh's Chapel; and, more, nothing which - Official intimation given that sealed letters
this House could pass could deprive him of his may now be forwarded to Paris.
right as a ciergyman to administer the Sacra. - Recent negotiations between M. Jules
ment under other laws and other rules than the Favre and Count Bismarck, at Versailles, result
laws and rules of the Church of England. Nor in the prolongation of the armistice for five
would he allow himself to be brought down days—to the 24th.
from the high position which his office gave - Proposal made in the Italian Chamber him by any vote ; and he quoted the words of for attaching a condition to the Pope's Guaran. | American bishops as to the true catholicity of
the English Church, in its being unfenced in July last, tried at the Cumberland Assize, about by declarations required in some sects, and acquitted, on the charge of manslaughter, thanking God from the bottom of his heart (See July 11.) that the English Church was thus free, that he
18.-Close of the Bavarian Diet, Prince Adalhad had the opportunity of showing this before bert in the name of the King expressing a deter. the face of the world, and that he was able thus mination to remain loyally attached to the whole to follow Bishop Wilson's well-known acts. Fatherland. 17.--M. Thiers appointed Head of the
- The Danube, owing to an accumulation Executive Power, and M. Grévy President of
of ice, overflows its banks at Vienna and causes the Bordeaux National Assembly. A declara
about 3,000 people to quit their dwellings. tion laid on the table from the Deputies of the Lower and Upper Rhine, Meurthe, and Moselle
19.-In the National Assembly to-day M. affirmed that “ Peace in consideration of a
Thiers read a speech, in which he stated that,
though appalled at the painful task imposed cession of territory will never be a durable
upon him by the country, he accepted it with peace, but merely a momentary truce, which
obedience, devotion, and love-sentiments of would soon be followed by another war. As to ourselves, inhabitants of Alsace and Lorraine,
which France stood all the more in need, in
asmuch as she was unfortunate—more unforwe are ready to resume fighting, and therefore
tunate than at any former period of her history, we shall beforehand hold as null and void any offers, treaty, votes, or plébiscite which would
But, he added, she is still great, young, rich, and have for effect to sever Alsace and Lorraine
full of resources, and will always remain a
lasting monument of human energy. M. Thiers from France. We proclaim our right to remain
then announced that in selecting the following united to French soil, and we formally engage
members of the Ministry he had been guided to defend our honour.” The discussion on the
solely by the public esteem they enjoyed and declaration was voted urgent, and the Com
their public character and capacities :-M. mittee to whom it was committed promised
Dufaure-Minister of Justice ; M. Jules Favre that it would be passed to the Deputies en
---Minister of Foreign Affairs ; M. Picardtrusted to negotiate with Prussia.
Minister of the Interior ; M. Jules Simon- Mr. Cardwell introduces the army esti Minister of Public Instruction ; M. Lambrecht mates, the amount proposed to be voted being -Minister of Commerce ; General Le Flo15,851,7001, or 2,886,700l. in excess of the Minister of War; Admiral Pothuan- Minister of preceding year. He took occasion to describe Marine. M. Jules Favre said the Government in detail the various features of army reform has deemed it necessary to unite Parliamentary which the Government had resolved on intro powers with those of the Executive, and producing. “We propose (he said) to increase poses in consequence that, in order to facilitate the Militia, to organize the Volunteers, to pro the negotiations, the Assembly should appoint vide for compulsory service in cases of a committee of fifteen deputies to proceed at emergency, to abolish purchase, to withdraw once to Paris, who will be in constant com. from Iord-lieutenants the power they have now munication with the negotiators; the latter emin regard to the auxiliary forces (retaining their powered to negotiate in the name of the country, recommendation for first commissions), to com and the commission to report to the Assembly. bine the whole under general officers, to ap A deputation proceeded to Versailles to-night point colonels on the staff in sufficient numbers to ascertain the German terms of peace. to this army, to combine recruiting for the Line
- Attempt to assassinate Señor Riaz Zorwith that of the command of Reserves, to fuse
rilla, ex-President of the Cortes, while walking together as we can the Regular and Reserve
near Calle San Roque, Madrid. forces by appointing officers of the Regular
20.-In committee to-night on the Uni. army to positions in the Reserve, and by giving
versity Tests Bill, Mr. Fawcett's motion to subalterns of Militia commissions in the Line.
abolish the restrictions in favourof clerical head. We propose to brigade them together, to find
ships and fellowships was rejected by 182 to 160 field artillery for all armies, to enable counties
votes. The majority included several memto get rid of the inconvenience of billets, to
bers of the Opposition, while the minority gain command of the railway communication
were mostly pledged supporters of Government. of the country in case of emergency-in short,
In the course of a debate on Mr. Stephenson's we propose to unite all the voluntary forces of
amendment to remove from Clause 3 the ex the country into one defensive army, with
ception in favour of Divinity Degrees, Mr. power to supplement by compulsion in cases of
Gladstone explained that he was under promise emergency-all to be under the command of
to send up to the House of Lords a bill similar the general officers commanding in districts, sub
to last year's; so far as Mr. Fawcett's wish that ordinate to one Commander-in-Chief, who will
the Government would ponder was concerned, act with the approval of the Secretary of State ;
all he could say was that Government had and, therefore, the whole will be under the
seriously pondered the matter, and their deci. direction and supreme control of her Majesty's
sion was irrevocable ; but it was open for Mr. responsible Ministers.”
Fawcett to take any course he liked. If the 18.-Rowell, the railway stoker concerned Housedisapproved of the measure, some private in the fatal collision at Citadel Station, Carlisle, | member must take it up.
20.-The Bishop of Winchester's Benefices Registration Bill, designed to enable clergymen incapacitated by age or infirmity to resign on a moderate pension, read a second time.
- Mr. Forster introduces the Ballot Bill, securing secret voting, and providing as far as possible against personation by compelling the voter to use an official paper only available after he had entered the polling booth. The use of public-houses as committee-rooms during elections was prohibited, and also the old plan of nominating candidates and declaring the result of the poll.
- The French mails forwarded to Paris by way of Calais for the first time since the investment of the city by German troops. Regular railway service was established with Belgium on the 23rd.
- Wide currency being now given to a rumour that the Germans intended to make a triumphal march into Paris, General Trochu writes :—“Since the enemy so desires, let the government of the city be given over to him, and let him bear alone the odium and responsibilities of his violence. As a mute and solemn protest. let the gates remain closed, and let him open them with his artillery, to which Paris disarmed will make no reply ; and let us leave the judgment of our cause to truth, justice, and history.”
21.-Mr. Trevelyan's motion for altering the tenure of the Commander-in-Chief's office, so as to enable the Secretary for War freely to avail himself of the best administrative talent and most recent military experience, rejected after debate by a majority of 201 to 83 votes.
22.- Versailles intelligence makes mention of a further extension of the armistice, to the 26th, a concession looked on in the City as confirmatory of rumours now current regarding an immediate and lasting peace. M. Thiers was received by the Emperor William this forenoon, and General Chanzy by the Crown Prince.
- President Grant gives a general audience at Washington to O'Donovan Rossa and other Fenian conspirators.
23.–The Ecclesiastical Titles (Repeal) Bill read a second time in the House of Commons by 137 to 51 votes.
- The University Tests Bill read a third time and passed by the House of Commons; Mr. Fawcett protesting against the measure in so far as it did not deal with clerical fellowships.
- In the course of a debate raised by the Earl of Camarvon on National Defences, the Duke of Cambridge, speaking as the military officer who was in a great measure responsible for the efficiencv of the army, said that from the day he first entered the army to the present moment he had supported every measure and every improvenient which he believed had a tendency to promote the comfort of the British soldier,
23.--The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council give judgment in the appeal of the Rev. Mr. Purchas, known as the “ Brighton Ritual case." Their lordships considered that Mr. Purchas had offended against ecclesiastical law by wearing the chasuble, alb, and tunicle during the Communion service ; by using wine mixed with water and wafer bread in the administration of the Communion ; and by standing with his back to the people, between the Communion table and the congregation, during the consecration prayer. The charges of wearing a cap called a biretta, and of using holy water, were not suiiciently proved to enable their lordships to come to a decision; and on these points, therefore, the appeal was disallowed. The appellant was condemned in costs in both courts.
- Lord Harlington gives notice of his intention to move for a Secret Committee to inquire into the state of the counties of Westmeath, Meath, and King's County, the exist. ence of unlawful combinations there, and the best means of suppressing them. The proposal gave rise to a sharp debate on the 27th, when Mr. Disraeli taunted the Premier with having recourse to a Committee of the kind proposed after being selected as the only man capable of dealing with the evils of Ireland, and backed by a majority which had legalized confiscation, consecrated sacrilege, and condoned high treason.
24.-Mr. Grant-Duff submits to a thin House the Indian financial statement for the year 1870–71, showing an estimated revenue of 51,000,000l, and an expenditure of 50,000,oool.
- French Rentes quoted in Paris at 52f. 5c.
- Professor Jowett, Master of Balliol, entertained at a banquet at the Albion, presided over by Dean Stanley.
- Explosion in the Pentre Colliery, Rhonda Valley, Glamorganshire, causing the death of thirty-eight workmen, the whole employed at the time in the Welsh steam seam, where the disaster occurred.
- Count Bernstorff presents his credentials as German Ambassador to the Queen at Buck. ingham Palace, and the Duc de Broglie as Ambassador for the Government of France, now recognised by nearly all the European Powers.
- Mr. Disraeli introduces a debate on the Black Sea Treaty by calling attention to the “mysterious inconsistency” of the Government regarding that question, and charges the Premier with confounding his own private and unpopular views with the policy of ihe Govern. ment of 1856, so far as to impute to departed statesmen of great eminence opinions which they did not hold, and contrary indeed to all their expressed convictions. Mr. Gladstone made an animated reply, imputing to his assailant artifice and ignorance, and explaining that the language said to have been used by Mr. Odo Russell recently at Versailles was in reality the language of Count Bismarck. As