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castle-under-Lyne, causing the death of five obtained. I am still gaining ground, and am men and serious injury to fifteen others.
highly satisfied with my commanders of Army 12.–The Master of the Rolls gives judgment
Corps and with my troops. By manoeuvring against Charles Lafitte, banker, of Paris, con
I have caused the enemy to evacuate Dijon, cerning the claim for 150,000l. made by him
Gray, Lure, and Vesoul, of which my scouts against the company (now in course of liquida
took possession yesterday. The fighting at Arcey tion) which had secured a transfer of the good.
and Villersexel does great honour to the First will of his business.
Army Corps, which has not ceased carrying on - Jewellery to the value of 2,500l. stolen
operations for the last six weeks during the from one of London and Ryder's assistants, in
most trying weather, marching constantly, nota private lodging, Upper Berkeley-street, Port
withstanding the cold, snow, and glazed frost." man Square, by a person feigning an intention 13.-Died, aged 81, Dr. Thomas Mayo, for to purchase, aided by a female who stealthily some time President of the Royal College of placed a handkerchief saturated with chloro- Physicians. form over the messenger's mouth. The parties
14.-French Rentes quoted in Paris at 51f. were afterwards traced to Leamington, where
50c., and the new loan at 52f. 65c. they were found to have been occupying for some time an apparently respectable position as Mr.
- New sovereign authorized to be issued with and Mrs. Tarpey. She was apprehended there
the image of St. George and the Dragon on
the reverse. and conveyed to London, while he was in Bel. gium endeavouring to dispose of the plunder.
Prince Karageorgewich sentenced to eight Letters from Paris announce that the
years' close confinement for his complicity in bombardment of the city was increasing in
the murder of Prince Michael of Servia in severity. “From midnight until 2 A. M. about
June 1868. one projectile per minute has fallen in the 15.-The Prussians blow up the railway St. Sulpice quarter. Forts Vanves, Issy, and bridge over the Chier, on the line from Longwy Montrouge have been cannonaded with great
to Arlon, and concentrate troops for the bomviolence, but our external batteries have opened bardment of the first-mentioned place. a well-sustained fire, which appears to have General Trochu sends out a parlementaire caused great ravages in the Prussian batteries. with a letter to Count Moltke, remonstrating After half-past three the enemy considerably against the damage done by the fire of the slackened his fire, and only threw projectiles of batteries to schools and hospitals, which were small weight. The villages of Nogent and under the protection of international humanity. Fontenay were cannonaded, but only in a very Count Moltke replied it was by accident, feeble manner. Our forts in the east have very owing to the great distance and fog, that such vigorously fired during the night, and especially buildings had been struck, but that when the about i A.M., on the whole line of the Prussian batteries were nearer the gunners could be positions. The bend of the Marne was also more discriminate in their aim. bombarded during the night, but without any accident.”
The General Outram, Indian coasting Died at the Deanery, Canterbury, aged
steamer, wrecked in a gale between Cochin
China and Bombay, and about fifty people on 61, the Very Rev. Henry Alford, D.D., a
board drowned. Biblical critic and commentator of established
16.–Count Bismarck refuses a safe-conduct reputation.
to M. Jules Favre to attend the London 13.--Under pretence that he was engaged
Conference, on the plea that it would be a in Orleanist intrigues, M. Gambetta causes the
recognition of a Government which had not Prince de Joinville to be arrested at Le Mans,
been recognised by France itself. M. Favre was confines him in the Prefecture for five days, and
referred to the commander of the besieging forces, then despatches him from St. Malo to England.
where a safe-conduct would not be open to such After a struggle protracted over six days, construction, but cautioned against leaving the army of Prince Frederick Charles captures Paris at a time when interests of more importhe important position of Le Mans, and
tance than the Black Sea were at stake. General Chanzy withdraws his troops in the “Your Excellency would also leave behind in direction of Alençon northward, and Laval
Paris the diplomatic agents and subjects of eastward. In the course of this contest 16,000 neutral States who have remained, or rather prisoners were taken, with several guns, in- have been detained there, long aster they had cluding mitrailleuses, six locomotives, and 200 received permission to pass through the German railway waggons. Chanzy gave out that Le
lines, and who are, therefore, so much the more Mans was only given up after “some shameful under the protection and care of your Excel. cowardice and an unaccountable panic caused lency as the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the a portion of our troops to abandon important Government de acto. I can, therefore, scarcely positions compromising the safety of us all."
suppose that your Excellency, in the critical General Bourbaki reports as follows: position of affairs, in the establishment of which “The villages of Arcey and St. Marie have just you so materially assisted, will deprive yourself been carried brilliantly, and without our having of the possibility of co-operating to effect a suffered too great losses, considering the results solution the responsibility of which rests
upon you.” In answer to an application for a safe-conduct on the 27th November, M. Bismarck said that one would be placed at M. Jules Favre's disposal, but he must send for it, as a German flag of truce had been fired on by the French.
16.-Alençon captured by the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg and the 13th Corps.
17.-At the first business meeting of the Black Sea Conference to-day a special protocol was signed, recording it as an essential principle of the law of nations that no Power can liberate itself from the engagements of a treaty, nor modify the stipulations thereof, unless with the consent of the contracting Powers by means of an amicable arrangement.
In the case of the International steamer seized by Government on the ground that she had on board a cable intended to be used in the military service of France, Sir R. Phillimore gives judgment confirming the claim of the telegraph company to have the vessel released, on the ground that the primary object of the cable was of a commercial character. Considering, however, that there was a reasonable cause for detaining the vessel, the learned judge made no order as to costs or damages. An appeal on both sides was made to the Judicial Committee.
Rev. Dr. Currey, preacher at the Charterhouse, elected Master in room of the late Archdeacon Hale.
In answer to a request for permission of certain neutrals, not members of any diplomatic body, to withdraw from Paris, Count Bismarck writes: "For months neutrals in Paris had the option of leaving the city, and certainly, as far as the German commanders are concerned, there is no foundation for the statement contained in the letter of the foreign Ministers of the 13th, that neutrals had been prevented escaping from the dangers of the siege through the obstacles placed in their way by the belligerents. The facilities allowed to the members of the diplomatic body will be continued as an act of international courtesy, although even this is difficult and disturbs the operations of the German army; but there is now only one way in which their numerous compatriots can be released from the dangers connected with the siege, and that is the capitulation of Paris.” Count Bismarck, in conclusion, observed that “of course buildings in which there are women, children, and invalids are not intentionally fired at, but that from the construction of the fortresses and the great distance of the German batteries the damage which is accidentally inflicted cannot be avoided."
18.-King William of Prussia proclaimed German Emperor within the Hall of Mirrors in the palace of the French kings at Versailles, in presence of all the German princes, under the standards of the army before Paris, and gurrounded by representatives of the different regiments. When the King entered the hall
about mid-day, he walked with a stately step through the line of soldiers, followed by his son and the princes and generals of the Empire. He bowed to the altar, and to the eight clergy who stood on the steps, and then took up his place nearly beneath the allegorical picture, “Le Roy gouverne par luy même,
with “L'Ordre rétabli dans les Finances”
on his left, and the “Building of a Navy" on his right. The group formed round the King in a semicircle, of which his figure was the centre. He wore a general's uniform, the riband of the Black Eagle (yellow), many orders, and carried his helmet in his hand. A chorale having been sung, the Court preacher and military chaplain, Rügger, read the Lord's Prayer and a Litany, to which the responses were sung by the band and by the “
congrega. tion of the princes.” The 21st Psalm followed, after which the rev. chaplain delivered a discourse, “Mene, Mene, Tekel, Upharsin !” addressed to France. Then was sung a hymn, and the Lord's Prayer was said, and next came the chorale, “Nun danket alle Gott," &c., to the end. Count Bismarck at the Emperor's command read a proclamation, stating that "the German Princes and Free Towns having ad. dressed to us a unanimous call to renew and undertake with the re-establishment of the German Empire the dignity of Emperor, which now for sixty years has been in abeyance, and the requisite provisions having been inserted in the Constitution of the German Confederation, we regard it as a duty we owe to the entire Fatherland to comply with this call of the united German Princes and Free Towns, and to accept the dignity of Emperor. Accordingly, we and our successors to the Crown of Prussia henceforth shall use the Imperial title in all the relations and affairs of the German Empire, and we hope to God that it may be vouchsafed to the German nation to lead the Fatherland on to a blessed future, under the auspices of its ancient splendour. We undertake the Imperial dignity conscious of the duty to protect with German loyalty the rights of the Empire and its members, to preserve peace, to maintain the independence of Germany, and to strengthen the power of the people. We accept it in the hope that it will be granted to the German people to enjoy in lasting peace the reward of its arduous and heroic struggles within boundaries which will give to the Fatherland that security against renewed French attacks which it has lacked for centuries. May God grant to us and our succes. sors to the Imperial Crown that we may be the defenders of the German Empire at all times, not in martial conquests, but in works of peace in the sphere of national prosperity, freedom, and civilization.” Count Bismarck read slowly and formally, every phrase could be distinctly heard, and he gave full emphasis to the allusion to the frontier, as though he wished there should be no mistake about it. The crowd of officers and soldiers listened breathlessly to the end, when the Grand Duke of Baden advanced, and exclaimed in a loud voice, “Es lebe seine Majestat der deutsche Kaiser Wilhelm, hoch!” The cheer was taken up with wild energy; the band playing “Heil Dir im Sieger Kranz" and “God Save the Queen.” The Emperor and Crown Prince embraced thrice, and the German princes paid homage to the former as “ deutsche Kaiser.” This concluded the ceremony. The new Emperor then received the deputations of officers from distant corps, and withdrew, accompanied by the princes, generals, and other illustrious personages. The deputations, with other guests, were entertained by the Emperor in the afternoon, previous to their leaving Versailles, at the Hôtel de France. An order of the day addressed to the army made mention that on this day, “memorable for me and my house, I take, with the consent of the German princes and the adhesion of all the German people, in addition to my rank as King of Prussia, that of German Emperor. Your bravery and endurance, which I again recognise to the fullest extent, have hastened the work of the unification of Germany—a result which you have achieved by the expenditure of blood and lives. Let it always be remembered that the feeling of mutual friendship, bravery, and obedience rendered the army great and
the Fatherland always regard you with pride Tuns
as to-day, and you will always remain its strong arm.
18.--General Bourbaki reports an cessful attack on the German position between Montbéliard and Montrandois. He now commencea a retreat southward by the Doub Valley road, in the direction of Besançon. His force was said to number over 120,000.
The Swedish Parliament opened by the King, who alluded to the possibility of the present war spreading, and spoke of army organization as the most pressing public question.
Died, aged 78, Sir George Hayter, Principal Painter-in-ordinary to her Majesty.
19.-The Times announces that Mr. Childers, for some time labouring under ill health, had sent in his resignation as First Lord of the Admiralty. The rumour was contradicted in the evening papers.
- Another unsuccessful sortie from Paris undertaken with the view of reaching Versailles and cutting off communications. The French afterwards massed near Valerien. General Trochu reported to be wounded.
General Von Goeben attacks Faidherbe's Army of the North before St. Quentin, and forces a retreat towards Cambrai. At night, French accounts stated, the men were fatigued that it was impossible any longer to keep them in position.
The Upper House of the Prussian Diet congratulate the King on his accession to the Imperial dignity. The latter replied : “May it be vouchsafed to me to lay for a united Germany the foundation-stone of a glorious
history, such as Prussia can show to-day after a period of 700 years."
20.–The King of Saxony, congratulating King William on his accession to the Imperial dignity, hopes that Germany, under the vigorous and circumspect leadership of his Majesty, might "enjoy its blessings in their full measure, see the unavoidable wounds of this great struggle close, and, as an esteemed member of the family of European nations, also make her voice respected abroad on behalf of everything that is good and just.'
In giving formal notice of his elevation to the Spanish throne, King Amadeus writes to Queen Victoria that he had only decided to accept the honour “in the firm and unalterable resolution to employ all our efforts and to concentrate all our existence to the good and pros. perity of this great people.” To the Pope he wrote: “It will be our principal care, by our respect and adhesion to your Holiness, to procure that the constant relations between your Holiness and this generous nation may be those which the Spiritual Father of the Faithful ought to sustain with his true sons.
21.- Thanks voted in the Italian Parliament to the engineers of the Mont Cenis Tunnel.
Marshal M‘Mahon protests against Count Bismarck's allegation in a recent circular, that French soldiers had used explosive bullets at the battle of Woerth.
The siege batteries on the northern line of investment open fire against St. Denis and its forts.
In consequence of dissatisfaction expressed at a meeting of the Council of Defence, General Trochu resigns the leadership of the forces in Paris, and is succeeded by General Vinoy.
Commencement of serious riots in Paris, the “Reds" this evening breaking into the prison of Mazas and liberating Major Flourens, of the Belleville Artillery, disbanded some time since. Immediately afterwards M. Flourens and his fellow-rioters made a descent upon the Mairie of the 20th Arrondissement, but finding they were few in numbers and scantily provided with muskets, they evacuated the Mairie, after appropriating 2,000 rations of bread. At noon on Sunday, 100 of the rioters, chiefly soldiers belonging to the National Guard, repaired to the Hotel de Ville, and about one o'clock fired upon the few Mobiles to whom the Hotel was entrusted, severely wounding the adjutant of a Breton regiment in the hands and arms. On seeing their adjutant fall, the Mobiles returned the fire, five persons being killed and eighteen wounded. Simultaneously, a ketry fire was poured into the windows of the Hotel from the houses opposite, occupied by the rioters; but several regiments of National Guards arrived, and order was restored after twenty minutes of anarchy. In consequence of these proceedings, the clubs were ordered to be suppressed during the remainder of the siege.
22.-Bridge over the Moselle, between Nancy and loul, blown up by a band of Franc-tireurs.
· A Garibaldian victory reported from Dijon.
23.-Another meeting in Trafalgar-square to express sympathy with France.
The garrison of Longwy succeed in dislodging the Prussians from the Huart factory in a hand-to-hand fight. At Mont SaintMartin they attempted to take the cannon erected by surprise, but were repulsed.
The Pacific Company's steamer Favorita burned in the harbour of Callao.
24.-Unveiling of the monument at Kensal Green, in memory of Sir Richard Mayne, erected by the officers and constables of the Metropolitan force.
Count Bismarck announced as Chancellor of the German Empire.
M. Jules Favre arrives at Versailles with proposals for a capitulation, on condition of the garrison being permitted to march out with the honours of war. He returned to Paris in the evening. A rumour was industriously circulated that M. Favre had arrived in England, with the view, it was presumed, of taking part in the Conference, and a deputation of Republican admirers assembled to meet him at Charing Cross in the name of the Reception Committee.
25.-Rumoured capitulation of Paris, the Times announcing in a leader that the capital had fallen, and the proud city become a captive. Discussing the probability of M. Favre being asked to surrender not in the name of Paris only, but of France, the Times wrote: “M. Fayre will, of course, refuse, protesting that he and his colleagues in Paris, having failed in defending the city, have no more authority to bind France than the commandant at Belfort or at Longwy; but Count Bismarck will thereupon produce another weapon from his armoury. He will tell M. Favre that he yesterday obtained from the exiled Empress, with the full consent of the captive of Wilhelmshöhe, a complete acceptance of his terms, and that M. Favre and his associates have no choice but to yield and save the chance of maintaining a Republican organization, or refuse and admit an Imperialist restoration. If M. Favre still refuses, Count Bismarck must in the end give way. A capitulation of Paris absolutely unconditional must to-day or to-morrow close their negotiations." This statement regarding the Empress was afterwards authoritatively pronounced to be “inexact” in its details. The money market opened buoyantly to-day, but hardly maintained the slight advance quoted.
Rumours being again in circulation regarding the fate of Dr. Livingstone, Sir R. Murchison writes to the Times of news having been received from Zanzibar, announcing that the explorer was alive, and had completed an extensive journey to the west of Lake Tanganyika.
25.-Sable occupied by a German force 2,000 strong.
Longwy capitulates after a bombardment of three days; 4,000 prisoners and 200 guns were captured.
M. Gambetta arrives at St. Servan, having come from Cherbourg on board a French frigate which anchored in the roads of St. Malo.
The report from Paris to-day is that the forts can scarcely reply to the enemy's bom. bardment. The death-rate in the capital this week showed a total of 4,465, being 483 in advance of last week. The civilians killed within the city since the commencement of the bombardment amounted to 107-31 children, 23 women, and 53 men ; the wounded to 27636 children, 92 women, and 148 men.
26.– The first welcome result of the negotiations now going on at Versailles was experienced by the Parisians to-night in the cessation of the bombardment, carried on with destructive effect since the 5th inst. People, it was said, stole cautiously up from cellars unable to ex plain the sudden change from the tempest of shell which had been falling on the town, and several were even preparing for flight, when they were informed by military authorities that they had three weeks' grace. In the course of the day several shells fell on the Church of St. Sulpice and the hospital of Val-de-Grâce.
The Times publishes a letter addressed by M. Guizot to Mr. Gladstone, urging upon the Prime Minister the duty of interference to stop what has now become (he holds) a war of aggression and aggrandizement. M. Guizot admitted that France was wrong at the outset, and that Prussia at first showed great modera. tion and good sense. But he maintained that after Woerth and Sedan Prussia might have made a magnanimous peace, and secured exceptionally favourable conditions and guaran. tees for their performance. It was one of those opportunities which Napoleon I., if he had obtained a great victory, would have taken advantage of immediately. The real and earnest desire of France, M. Guizot concluded, “is for peace and the development of her fruitful industry. France is a country of as. siduous agricultural, industrial, and commercial work; a country in which we find practical and scientific civilization, a strong vitality, and yet love of peace. She now wants time to reap the fruit of her past experience, and to learn the value of that political freedom for which she has not ceased to sigh for three-fourths of a century, although she has never known kos to use it or to keep it. In such a path England is her most natural and valuable ally."
Count Andrassy intimates, in the Lower House of the Diet at Pesth, that the recon. struction of the German Empire had been accomplished with the full consent of the Hungarian Government.
The Delegate Minister for Foreign Affairs Count Chaudordy, re, lies to Count Bismark's
circular of the 9th, concerning war atrocities, and charging him with refusing M. Jules Favre a safe-conduct because he feared exposure at the Conference. “The presence of the Minister for Foreign Affairs coming from this great capital, the centre of European civilization, where all Germany-the King of Prussia and Count Bismarck in particular-enjoyed such a brilliant hospitality, and which city they to-day strive to lay in ruins and to reduce by fire and famine, would, by the authority alone which would attach to his statements, have caused the Chancellor of the North German Confederation lively anxiety. Count Bismarck is fully aware that the mere recital of facts brought before the tribunal of Europe would strike a mortal blow at that astute and cruel policy which draws its inspirations from the sad recollections of past
26.-General Bourbaki, after passing in review the 18th Corps at Besançon, attempts to commit suicide by shooting himself. A retreat of his disorderly followers was thereafter made towards Pontarlier, but they were intercepted by the German forces stationed at Mouchard and Salins, and driven into Swiss territory. Here a formal surrender was made, and the troops disarmed in terms of the Convention of Les Verrières.
Sir Edward Thornton, in a letter to Mr. Fish, proposes, on behalf of her Majesty's Government, the appointment of a joint commission for settling the different questions which had arisen out of the fisheries, as well as those which affect the relations of the United States towards her Majesty's possessions in North America. In conformity with a desire expressed by Mr. Secretary Fish on behalf of President Grant, the design of the commission was extended so as to embrace an adjustment of the differences known as the Alabama claims, the President on his side concurring in the propriety of referring to the commission such other claims as grew out of acts committed during the civil war.
27.-M. Jules Favre again leaves Paris for Versailles, in company with General Beaufort and others, to discuss with Count Bismarck the details of an armistice intended to include the whole of France. General Trochu also as. sembled the chiefs of the army and explained the circumstances which had compelled the defenders to negotiate for an armistice. News from Bordeaux mention that capitulation is there looked on with great disfavour.
Decree authorized at Berlin for increasing the new loan to 105,000,000 thalers.
28.-The Italian Parliament, by a majority of 94 votes to 39, pass a bill for transferring the capital from Florence to Rome.
- Mr. Monsell, the new Postmaster-General, re-elected for Limerick County without opposition.
Eighty lives lost by the explosion of the steamer Arthur on the Mississippi.
28.-Surrender of Paris after a siege carried on for 131 days. The result of the recent negotiations was forwarded in a message by the Emperor-King to Queen Augusta :-“The troops of the line and the Mobiles will be interned in Paris as prisoners of war. The Garde Nationale Sédentaire undertakes the preservation of order. We occupy all forts. Paris remains invested. It will be allowed to revictual as soon as the armistice has been delivered up. The National Assembly will be summoned to meet at Bordeaux in a fortnight. The armies in the field! retain possession of the respective tracts of country occupied by them, with neutrality zones intervening. This is the blessed reward of patriotism, heroism, and heavy sacrifices. I thank God for this fresh mercy. May peace soon follow.” On his part M. Jules Favre instructed the Delegation at Bordeaux :-“Today we sign a treaty with Count Bismarck. An armistice of twenty.one days is agreed to, and an Assembly is convoked at Bordeaux for February 15. Make this known to all France. Let the armistice be carried out, and summon the elections for February 8th. A member of the Government is leaving for Bordeaux." Dis. tricts specially exempted from the benefit of the armistice were Belfort, the siege of which was to be continued, and the Côte d'Or, Doubs, and Jura, the scene of the operations of Bour
French troops were to retire from the fortifications unarmed, the guns in the enceinte to be dismounted, and the carriages given up to the conquerors. The miserable condition to which the inhabitants of Paris had been reduced before resorting to capitulation was observed by a correspondent of the Daily News, who succeeded in entering the capital on the 31st and got out two days afterwards. The city he found orderly and decent, with a certain narrow self-restraint mastering the tendency to demonstrate, and an utter absence of crime. The pinch for food was worse than ever penda ing the result of negotiations for its supply, and future history may well concern itself with a theme so common as market rates : Two francs for a small shrivelled cabbage, i franc for a leek, 45 francs for a fowl, 45 francs for a rabbit (which might be taken for granted as cat), 25 francs for a pigeon, 22 francs for a 2lb. chub, 14 francs a pound for stickleback, 2 francs a pound for potatoes, 40 fiancs a pound for butter, cheese 25 francs a pound when procurable. Meat other than horseflesh absolutely not to be procured. “I was assured that if I offered 50l. down in bright shining gold for veritable beefsteak, I should have no claimant for the money! The last cow that changed hands • for an ambulance' fetched sol. Those left cannot now be bought for money." Owing to a miscalculation as to the supply of food 2,000,000 rations were at once sent in by authority of the Emperor William. Other supplies hastened by facilities placed at the disposal of shippers by the British Government commenced to pour into the starved city within a few days.