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saved, and placed in the house of the governor, 9.--Discussion in the Edinburgh Town Coun. Major Elrington, without the loss of a single cil, on the case of Butters, confectioner, Grass. jewel. At two o'clock, when the fire had market, who, at the instigation of Mr. Guthrie's reached its fiercest power, considerable alarm kirk-session, had been taken before Baillie was excited by the approach of the flames to | Grieve, and fined 8s., with 21. 135. expenses, for wards a magazine attached to the armory; but | keeping open his door on the Sunday, and selle at this time the tide was up, and the supply of | ing sweatmeats to children in the neighbourwater so abundant, that all danger from such an hood. Being unable to pay the fine, he was explosion was soon at an end. The powder ❤LÒâ ti 2m2?2?2ti2m2?2?Â?2?Â2Ò2Â§Â§Â2ÒÂ?Â§ε/2ņēm itself, to the weight of about 9,000 tons, was solved that a complete inquiry should be made got out and thrown into the moat. The fire into the case. was supposed to have been caused by the over
10.-Illness of the Queen Dowager. “The heating of a stove in the Round Table Tower.
Queen Dowager had some hours of refreshing The total loss in stores and buildings was esti
sleep in the night, but there is no alleviation mated at 200,000l.
of her Majesty's symptoms this morning.” November 2.—Daniel O'Connell elected 11.-Riot at Culsalmond, on the occasion of Lord Mayor of Dublin, being the first appoint inducting Mr. Middleton as assistant minister ment of the kind under the new Municipal of the parish. An excited mob took possession Corporations Act.
of the church, and, with deafening yells, com- Serious disturbances at Cabul. Between pelled the Presbytery to retire to the manse, 200 and 300 men attack the residence of Sir | and there complete the ordination. The upAlexander Barnes, and murder Sir Alexander,
| roar was continued till midnight; the mob his brother Lieut. Burnes, and Lieut. Broad breaking the seats and windows of the church, foot, who was in the house at the time. “The and refreshing themselves at times with whisky immediate cause of this outbreak," writes Envoy and tobacco. Sir William Macnaghten, "in the capital was 14.-Shocking tragedy in Burnley barracks. a seditious letter addressed by Abdoollah Khan Private Morris, of the both Rifles, in a fit to several chiefs of influence at Cabul, stating of jealousy, it was supposed, murders Lieut. that it was the design of the Envoy to seize O'Grady, and a female servant employed about and send them all to London. The principal the mess-room, by stabbing them with a carvrebels met on the previous night, and, re ing knife, and then committed suicide with the lying on the inflammable feelings of the people same weapon. of Cabul, they pretended that the king had
- Died at Paris, aged 75, the Earl of Elgin, issued an order to put all infidels to death."
famous for introducing into this country the Three days afterwards the enemy obtained pos remains of ancient art known as the Elgin session of the commissariat, a success not only
Marbles. greatly elating the Affghans outside the walls, but ultimately compelling the Envoy to nego
15.—Sir Robert Sale writes from Jellalabad, tiate with Akbar Khan for evacuating the city.
explaining the impossibility of returning to 4. — At the usual complimentary dinner
Cabul in his present position. “A regard for
the honour and interests of our Government given by the Directors of the East India
compels me to adhere to my plan already Company to the departing Governor-General,
formed, of putting this place into a state of Lord Ellenborough made an emphatic decla defence, and holding it, if possible, until the ration of his intention to govern upon peace Cabul force falls back upon me, or succour principles. He abjured all thoughts of a war arrives from Peshawur or India." like aggressive policy, and declared his settled
- Execution of Blakesley for the murder of determination, on assuming the reins of government, to direct all the energies of his mind to
the innkeeper in Eastcheap. wards the due cultivation of the arts of peace;
17.-Attempt to fire the Horse Guards, to emulate the munificent benevolence of the
and the barracks behind the National Gallery, Mahommedan conquerors; and to elevate and
by throwing in small hand-grenades. improve the condition of the generous and - Great commotion in Dublin, on the occamighty people of India.
sion of Daniel O'Connell attending the levee of 7.-The Rev. M. S. Alexander consecrated
the Lord Lieutenant. The Corporation proBishop of England and Ireland in Jerusalem by
ceeded to the castle in full state, and the new the Archbishop of Canterbury. The Queen by
Lord Mayor was favourably received. licence assigned to his jurisdiction Syria, Chal
20.–Cavanagh, the “ fasting man," de. dea, Egypt, and Abyssinia, and the new tected at Reading as an impostor, and sentenced bishopric was placed under the protection of
to three months' imprisonment. England and Prussia.
23.-The Gazette announces the brevet pro, 9.-This morning, at twelve minutes before
motions consequent upon the birth of the Prince cieven o'clock, the Queen was safely delivered of
of Wales. a son-the Prince of Wales. The event was - Commission gazetted for inquiring into made known by the firing of the Park and the best mode of promoting the Fine Arts in Tower guns
the United Kingdom.
28.--The Rev. W. Whewell, B.D., appointed Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, in room of Dr. Christopher Wordsworth, resigned.
24.-General Elphinstone writes to Envoy Macnaghten: .“ After having held our position here for upwards of three weeks in a state of siege, from the want of provisions and forage, the reduced state of our troops, the large number of wounded and sick, the difficulty of defending the extensive and ill-situated cantonment we occupy, the near approach of winter, our communications cut off, no prospects of relief, and the whole country in arms against us, I am of opinion that it is not feasible any longer to maintain our position in this country, and that you ought to avail yourself of the offer to negotiate which has been made to you."
25.-Died suddenly at his residence, Pimlico, from spasm of the heart, Sir Francis Chantrey, R. A., sculptor. The greater part of his valuable collection of paintings and sculpture was bequeathed to the nation, subject to the condition of providing a suitable building in which to place them.
December 1.-Meeting called by the Lord Provost in the Glasgow Royal Exchange, to devise means for relieving the distress in Paisley. It appeared that there were not fewer than 14,000 people in the town and neighbourhood in absolute want.
- Died, aged 65, Dr. G. Birkbeck, founder of Mechanics' Institutes.
3.-The Governor-General of India, having received information of events in Cabul to the 9th November, and Jellalabad to the 15th, writes to General Sir Jasper Nicolls: “It would be vain to speculate upon the issue of the contest at Cabul; but in the extreme event of the military possession of that city, and the surrounding territory, having been entirely lost, it is not our intention to direct new and extensive operations for the re-establishment of our supremacy throughout Affghanistan. We can scarcely contemplate, in such case, that there will be any circumstances or political objects of sufficient weight to induce us to desire to retain possession of the remainder of that country; and, unless such shall be obvious as arising from the course of events, we should wish our military and political officers so to shape their proceedings as will best promote the end of retiring with the least possible discredit.” Two days later the Governor-General writes to Sir William Macnaghten at Cabul : “So serious appear to be the difficulties which are to be encountered at Cabul, amid a hostile population, by a force cut off for several months from support by the impassable state of the roads in the winter season, that the GovernorGeneral in Council has felt compelled to take into his contemplation the possible occurrence of still more serious disaster to our troops there, and to provide even for the contingency of our political influence in that quarter being for a
time entirely subverted; and the first duty of Government in issuing instructions suitable to such an event having been discharged, I am now directed to assure you that the GovernorGeneral in Council will remain anxiously mind. ful of your position, and that every measure will be adopted, as the tenor of the information received may show to be necessary, of which the season will admit, and which may be otherwise practicable, for affording relief to yourself and to the troops by whom you are accompanied. We have only for the present to trust to an overruling Providence, and to the energy and perseverance of our gallant troops, for the maintenance of the power and safety of our arms."
4.-Tried at the Central Criminal Court, Edward Beaumont Smith, charged with forging and uttering fraudulent Exchequer Bills to an immense amount. He pleaded guilty, and read a statement, explanatory of the gradual manner in which his necessities led him to commit the crimes with which he stood charged.
“Whatever speculation,” he said, “may have | been carried on by those who have used these
bills, no profit ever reached me, or ever was intended to do so. Year after year bills have been wrung from me, under pretence of redeeming and cancelling those outstanding, in order to prevent discovery, and afterwards by the repeated misapplication of them the necessity was created for more, to accomplish the original purpose; and thus the frightful crime which has taken place was occasioned.” A subsequent statement was to the effect that no person of rank or public character was in any way mixed up in the transaction, the sole parties being himself, Solari, Rassallo, and another whose office was in Basinghall-street, where they used to arrange their plans. He believed the total amount fabricated to be about 340,000l., the whole of which was wasted in gambling transactions on the Stock Exchange. Sentenced to transportation for life.
9.-Sir William Macnaghten writes from Cabul to the Hon. Mr. Erskine, Bombay : “We have now been besieged thirty-eight days by a contemptible enemy, whom the cowardice of our troops, and certain other circumstances which I will not mention, have emboldened to assume an attitude of superiority. Our provisions will be out in two or three days more, and the military authorities have strongly urged me to capitulate. This I will not do till the last moment. We have rumours that a force is coming to our assistance from Candahar; and I sincerely trust it may, for we have no energy or spirit among those here."
- Died at Stuttgard, John Heinrich Dannecker, sculptor, and friend of Schiller.
10.--A Commercial Convention of the Midland Counties met at Derby to consider the grievances under which the various manufacturing interests are placed by the restrictive policy of the Government. Resolutions approying of a relaxation of the tariff and the entire abolition of the Corn Laws were carried with
out opposition. In Leeds, Nottingham, and Bradford, trade at this time was in a state of great depression, and thousands of operatives in a condition of pauperism. Numerous meetings were also held with the view of summoning Parliament immediately for the despatch of business.
11.–Treaty entered into at Cabul between Sir William Macnaghten, on the one part, and Akbar Khan, with the principal chiefs of tribes, on the other. Immediate and ample supplies to be furnished to the troops previous to evacuating Affghanistan; Dost Mahomed to be released ; and Shah Soojah to retire into private life, with a guaranteed payment of a lac of rupees annually.
16.-Explosion of a gasometer at the Dundee Gas Works. Two boys sitting in the retort house were killed, and most of the property in the neighbourhood seriously damaged. During the commotion caused by this occurrence a serious fire was raging in Westward's Flax Mill, at the other end of the town.
17.-News of the disturbance at Cabul having reached Bokhara, the Ameer throws the two British agents Stoddart and Conolly into prison, the imputed offence being that the Queen of England, instead of answering his letters, had referred him through her Foreign Secretary to the Indian Government. Their condition became day by day more deplorable. They were not allowed a change of raiment, their clothes rotted on their back, vermin preyed apon their bodies, while they were either fed on the filthiest of food or deprived of nourishment altogether.
20.-Treaty signed in London, in terms of which France, Austria, Prussia, and Russia adopt the English laws against the slave-trade.
23.-Murder of Sir William Macnaghten and Captain Trevor while engaged in a conference with Akbar Khan. On the road to the interview the Envoy sent back all his escort except ten men, among whom were Captains Trevor, Lawrence, and Mackenzie. The latter gave the following account of the occurrence to Lieutenant Eyre: “I observed that a number of men armed to the teeth had gradually approached to the scene of conference, and were drawing round in a sort of circle. This Lawrence and myself pointed out to some of the chief men, who affected at first to drive them off with whips ; but Mahomed Akbar observed that it was of no consequence, as they were in the secret. I then heard Akbar call out ‘Begeer! begeer!' (Seize ! seize !) and turning mand saw him grasp the Envoy's left hand with an expression in his face of the most diabolical ferocity. I think it was Sultan Jan who laid hold of the Envoy's right hand. They dragged him in a stooping position down the billock; the only words I heard poor Sir William utter being "Az barae Khooda' (for God's sake). I saw his face, however, and it was fall of horror and astonishinent.“ Next day
Lady Sale records: “Numerous reports are cur. rent, but all agree in this, that both the Envoy's and Trevor's bodies are hanging in the public chouk; the Envoy's decapitated and a mere trunk, the limbs having been carried in triumph about the city. A fallen man meets but little justice ; and reports are rife that the Envoy was guilty of double dealing with Akbar Khan and Amenoolah Khan.” At the moment the Envoy was seized, Mackenzie, Trevor, and Lawrence were disarmed, and forced away behind different chiefs. Trevor was cut down by Sultan Jan, but Lawrence and Mackenzie succeeded in saving their lives, and got back in a few days to the city. Lawrence then mentioned that he saw the Envoy grappling with Akbar, and the latter fire a pistol at him.
24.- Accident on the Great Western Rail. way at Sunning, the engine being thrown off the line by a fall of earth on the rails, and the carriages thrown violently together. Eight persons were killed on the spot and seventeen seriously injured, most of them being workmen engaged on the new Houses of Parliament, who were proceeding home for the Christmas holidays.
— Early this morning a gang of armed burglars entered the dwelling-house of John Awdry, South Wraxhall, Somerset, and compelled his two daughters to point out all the valuables in the house, which they seized and carried off. Sophia Awdry said: “Between two and three o'clock I heard the lock of my door move. I had not been asleep, and said, · Who is it ? come in. In a few seconds the door was opened, and three men came in. They had large sticks in one hand and candles in the other. They all came round my bed, and one held a stick over my head, and said,
If you will lie still, we will not hurt you, but otherwise we will dash your brains out.' I answered, 'I shall be quiet : what do you want?' One said they were starving, and must have money. We have not been used to such ways, but it is no use resisting ; we are ten.'" They afterwards went leisurely over the house, and took everything they wished. The gang were all apprehended in a short time, and sen. tenced by Justice Coleridge to transportation for life.
27.-In his speech at the opening of the French Chambers, King Louis Philippe said that he had joined the Four Powers in a convention which consecrates the common intention “to maintain the peace of Europe and consolidate the repose of the Ottoman Empire." He also announced, somewhat ambiguously, that he had “taken measures to prevent any external complication from disturbing the security of our African possessions.” The Opposition was sharply dealt with in another paragraph: “ Whatever may be the burdens of our situation, France would support them without difficulty if faction did not unceasingly obstruct the course of her powerful activity. I
will not dwell upon the intrigues and crimes of
n the intrigues and crimes of l loads and ran off. Private baggage, comthe factious; but let us not forget, gentlemen, 1 missariat, and ammunition were nearly annithat it is that which debars our country from hilated at one fell swoop. The whole road fully enjoying all the blessings which Provi was covered with men, women, and children, dence has conferred upon it, and which retards lying down in the snow to die.” Fighting the development of that legal and pacific liberty their way inch by inch among a people wild which France has at last achieved, and of which with hatred and fanaticism, it was two days I make it my glory to insure her the posses before they reached the entrance of the Khoord sion."
Cabul Pass, only ten miles from Cabul. This 27.-The British force in Cabul give up
formidable defile was about five miles in length,
and shut in on either side by a line of lofty fourteen lacs of rupees, and consent to the additional indignity of giving up their guns to
hills, every point of which seemed alive with
fierce and treacherous Ghilzies. In this pass the now triumphant and defiant Affghans. By the roth article of the final treaty agreed to
the immense multitude got jammed together
in one monstrous unmanageable mass. Captain on the ist January, it was provided : “ The
Skinner returned to remonstrate with Mahomed English can take six horse artillery guns and
Akbar, who promised a cessation of hosthree mule guns, and the rest by way of friend
tilities if Major Pottinger and Captains Law. ship shall be left for our use. And all muskets
rence and Mackenzie were given up to him, in and ordnance stores in the magazine shall, as a token of friendship, be made over to our
addition to others. This was done, “and agents." The indignities to which the British
once more," writes Lieut. Eyre, “the living
mass of men and animals was in motion. At troops were subjected by the supineness of the
the entrance of the pass an attempt was made general commanding are thus referred to in
to separate the troops from the non-combatants, Captain Johnson's Journal, December 31st :
which was but partially successful, and created “ The chiefs say they cannot control their men,
considerable delay. and that if their people misbehave themselves
The rapid effects of two
nights' exposure to the frost in disorganizing at our gates, or around our walls, we must fire
the force can hardly be conceived. The idea upon them. No orders, however, have been
of threading the stupendous pass before us given by General Elphinstone to punish our in
in the face of an armed tribe of bloodthirsty sulting foe, who naturally attribute our forbear
barbarians, with such a dense irregular mulance to dastardly cowardice, and take every opportunity of taunting us with it. The error lies
titude, was frightful, and the spectacle then with our leader, not with our troops. Several
presented by that waving sea of animated camels laden with grain plundered close to the
beings can never be forgotten by those who
witnessed it." Notwithstanding Akbar's preSeeah-Sung gateway, within a few paces of a gun loaded with grape and a large guard
tended attempt to restrain the Ghilzies, their
attacks were as frequent and cruel as ever, and of Europeans and natives. No steps taken to
it was calculated that in the pass alone over recover the plundered grain, or punish the
3,000 lives were lost. On the oth Lady Sale, offenders. How we must be despised by our
Lady Macnaghten, Mrs. Trevor, and some other miserable foe !”
ladies, were given up to Akbar, and so placed 28,-At a Chartist tea-meeting held in Bir for a time beyond the dangers and dreadful mingham to celebrate the first anniversary of the privations of the camp. “There was but faint Chartist Christian Church, a memorial to the hope," writes Lady Sale, “of our ever getting Queen was adopted, praying for the liberation of over to Jellalabad, and we followed the stream. prisoners undergoing confinement for political But although there was much talk regarding offences.
our going over, all I know of the affair is that 29.-Serious commercial failures reported I was told we were all to go, and that our in Glasgow; among others that of Wingate, horses were ready, and we must be immediately Son, & Co.; which had the effect of closing off.” On the evening of the roth it was deteralmost the whole of the few mills kept going in mined, by a forced march, to try and reach Paisley.
Jugdulluk, a distance of twenty-two miles, but at eight in the morning they were still ten
miles from that station. Here General Elphin1842.
stone and Brigadier Shelton were given up as
additional hostages, and here commenced a January 6.-The British forces, consisting conflict with the treacherous Affghans, which of about 4,500 fighting men and 12,000 fol lasted, foot by foot, and day by day, till the entire lowers, commence their disastrous retreat from force left could not muster more than twenty musCabul. “All," writes Lady Sale, “was con kets. Strong barriers were at some places put fusion before daylight. The day was clear up across the defile, when the Affghans rushed and frosty, the snow nearly a foot on the in on the pent-up crowd and committed wholeground, and the thermometer considerably sale slaughter. Not more than forty, it was below the freezing-point. When the rear-guard thought, managed to clear these barriers, and left cantonments, they were fired upon by of that number the greater part were slain Affghans. The servants who were not con at other points or taken into captivity. Dr. cerned in the plunder all threw away their Brydone alone escaped, and was the only office
of the whole Cabul force who reached the gar want of support by the native army he is comrison of Jellalabad alive.
pelled to abandon his conquest, and fall back 7.-A Chartist Convention commences its
on Peshawur. Ali Musjid was taken possessittings in Glasgow, and is attended by sixty
sion of by the Afreedis on the 24th. three delegates, among whom was Feargus 16.-A Montrose newspaper contradicts a O'Connor, representing the ancient burgh of
report that Sir W. Burnes, a native of that Rutherglen.
town, had been killed at Cabul. News to that 8.-Died, aged 72, Baron Cambronne, a effect was rumoured to have been received French General of distinction in the campaigns from Meerut to-day by the Indian mail. of the Republic and the Empire. The words,
17.—The foundation-stone of the new Royal “La Garde meurt et ne se rend pas,” are attri
Exchange laid by Prince Albert. The civic buted to him.
authorities met the Prince at Guildhall, where 10.-In the American Senate, Mr. Calhoun his Royal Highness arrived shortly before two carries a motion calling for immediate redress o'clock. After a short stay there the procesfrom Great Britain for injury inflicted on sion was marshalled, and moved along CheapAmerican citizens by the capture of the Creole side to a pavilion erected over the site in Cornslaver.
hill. A Latin inscription placed on the foun. 11.-An Anti-Corn Law conference of Dis
dation-stone referred to the burning of the two senting Ministers commences its sittings at
former Exchanges, and set forth that the City Edinburgh.
of London and ancient Company of Mercers
again undertook “to restore the building at 13.–Arrival at Jellalabad of Dr. Brydone,
their own cost, on an enlarged and more orna. the sole survivor of the Cabul army. The
mental plan, the munificence of Parliament startling incident is thus described by Kaye :
providing the means of extending the site and “ When the garrison were busy on the works
of widening the approaches and crooked streets toiling with axe and shovel, with their arms piled
in every direction, in order that there might at and their accoutrements laid out close at hand, a
length arise under the auspices of Queen Vic. sentry on the ramparts, looking out towards the
toria, built a third time from the ground, an Cabul road, saw a solitary white-faced horse
Exchange worthy of this great nation and city, man struggling on towards the fort. The word
and suitable to the vastness of a commerce exwas passed; the tidings spread. Presently the
tending over the habitable globe.” The Lord ramparts were lined with officers, looking out
Mayor (Pirie) afterwards entertained the Prince with throbbing hearts through unsteady tele.
and company in the Mansion House. scopes, as with straining eyes tracing the road. Slowly and painfully, as though horse and rider 20.-Close of the contest for the Professor. both were in an extremity of mortal weakness, ship of Poetry at Oxford, between Rev. Isaac the solitary mounted man came reeling, totter Williams and Rev. James Garbett. After seve. ing on. They saw that he was an Englishman. ral meetings of the friends of both candidates On a wretched weary pony, clinging as one sick | to ascertain their relative strength, the numbers or wounded to its neck, he sat, or rather | claimed were, Garbett, 921 ; Williams, 623. leaned forward; and there were those who, as The latter thereupon retired. they watched his progress, thought that he could
21.-Bishop Alexander makes a public never reach, unaided, the walls of Jellalabad.
entry into Jerusalem on this the eve of the A shudder ran through the garrison. That
great Mahomedan festival of the Courban solitary horseman looked like the messenger of
Bairam, death. Few doubted that he was the bearer of intelligence that would fill their souls with 22.-From the results of an experiment horror and dismay. Their worst forebodings recently made in Pall Mall, the Spectutor says it seemed confirmed. There was the one man may safely predict that in a few years the Bude who was to tell the story of the massacre of a | light will have superseded gas as far as the great army. A party of cavalry were sent out latter has superseded oil for street lighting. to succour him. They brought him in wounded, - Visit of the King of Prussia to Eng. exhausted, half dead. The messenger was Dr. land. He was received on landing at GreenBrydone, and he now reported his belief that he wich by Prince Albert, the Duke of Wellington, was the sole survivor of an army of some sixteen and other persons of distinction. Baron von thousand men." It was said Colonel Dennie
Humboldt was in the King's suite. predicted that not a soul would escape except one man, and that he would come to tell that
25.-Christening of the Prince of Wales at the rest were destroyed. The voice of Dennie
Windsor. The ceremony was performed, amid sounded like the response of an oracle, when he
much splendour, by the Archbishop of Canexclaimed, “ Did I not say so! here comes the
terbury, with water brought from the river messenger.”
Jordan in 1825. The King of Prussia acted 15.--Brigadier Wilde, having resolved to
as spon: or. march forward to Jellalabad, enters the Khyber 27.- Revolutionary outbreak at Oporto, and Pass, and captures the small fort of Ali Musjid, establislıment of a Provisional Junta in the situate in a difficult part of the defile, From | city.