« VorigeDoorgaan »
8.-The city of Natchez, New Orleans, nearly destroyed by a tornado. About twenty persons were killed, and the loss of property was estimated at over 1,000,000l.
- In the Court of Queen's Bench, Lord Denman gives judgment in the case of Capel, Vicar of Watford, who had obtained a con ditional rule for setting aside a rate which included his tithes. It was now decided that under Mr. Poulett Scrope's Act, in spite of the Archbishop's proviso, tithes and rent-charges must be rated like lands—at what they will let for.
9.-The Chinese attempt to burn the English shipping at Canton by fire-boats.
10.-The newspapers publish the details of an attempt at murder said to have been made by the Swiss governess in the household of the Duke of Argyll. About midnight she was noticed with a knife in her hand making for the Duchess's room, and secured mainly through the presence of mind of the youngest Lady Campbell.
- Attempt to shoot the Queen and Prince Albert by Edward Oxford, pot-boy. About six o'clock this evening the Queen and Prince left Buckingham Palace by the garden gate opening from Constitution-hill. They were seated in a very low German droschky, drawn by four horses with postilions, preceded by two outriders, and followed by two equerries. A number of people, assembled to witness her departure, were ranged in two lines outside the gate. After the carriage had proceeded a short distance up Constitution-hill, so as to be quite clear of the crowd, a young man on the Green Park side of the road presented a pistol, and fired it directly at her Majesty. The Prince, hearing the whistle of the ball, turned his head in the direction of the report, and her Majesty at the same instant rose, but Prince Albert suddenly pulled her down by his side. “The report of the pistol," says Perks, a witness, "attracted my attention, and I heard a distinct whizzing or buzzing before my eyes, between my face and the carriage. The moment he fired the pistol he turned himself round as if to see if any one was behind him. He then set himself back again, drew a second pistol with his left hand from his right breast, presented it across the one he had already fired, which he had in his right hand, and fired again, taking very deliberate aim.” Several persons at once rushed upon him. He was then calm and col. lected, admitted firing the pistols, and went away quietly with two of the police to Queensquare station. He there gave his name as Edward Oxford, 17 years of age. The Queen, as might be supposed, appeared extremely pale from the alarm, but, rising to show that she was unhurt, ordered the postilions to drive to Ingestre House, the residence of the Duchess of Kent, where her Majesty and the Prince remained a short time. On returning by Hyde Park the royal pair were received by a large Cathering of ladies and gentlenien, and escorted
to Buckingham Palace, which they reached about twenty minutes past seven o'clock. In the evening large numbers of the nobility called at the Palace to offer their congratulations,
11.-On examination before the Privy Council Oxford made the following declara. tion:-“A great many witnesses against me. Some say I shot with my left, others with my right. They vary as to the distance. After Í fired the first pistol Prince Albert got up as if he would jump out of the coach, and sat down again as if he thought better of it. Then I fired the second pistol. This is all I shall say at present.” On searching his lodgings a quantity of powder and shot was found, and the rules of a secret society, styled “Young England," prescribing among other things that every member should, when ordered to meet, be armed with a brace of loaded pistols and a sword, and a black crape cap to cover his face. The prisoner was this day committed for trial on the charge of high treason in its most aggravated form-a direct attempt on the life of the Queen. The surmises as to the attempt being part of a widespread conspiracy were not established by the careful inquiries to which the outrage led. A joint address from both Houses of Parliament was agreed upon to-day at a conference.
- The Court of Session grant an interdict prohibiting the sentence of the General Assembly from being carried into execution against the seven suspended ministers of the Strathbogie Presbytery.
12.-At a Court held this afternoon at Buckingham Palace, the joint Address from both Houses of Parliament was presented to her Majesty, expressive of indignation at the late attempt against her life, and of heartfelt congratulations on her preservation. Her Majesty replied, “I am deeply sensible of the mercy of Divine Providence, to whose continued protection I humbly commend myself, and I trust that under all trials I shall find the same consolation and support which I now derive from the loyal and affectionate attachment of my Parliament and my people.” Addresses were also presented by many public bodies throughout the kingdom. For some weeks the excitement produced by the outrage absorbed all other topics of public interest.
13.-The effect of the attempted assassination on certain portions of the Irish people may be seen from the language used by the O'Connellite Pilot: “ There has been--we anticipated there would be as soon as her Majesty was announced enceinte-there has been a deliberate attempt to assassinate the Queen and put Cumberland on the throne. Yes, Cumberland and Orangeism plotted to murder the Queen. The hand of God alone saved her to her people. Oh, may that God long protect her life, and preserve her people from the domination of Cumberlandism and the foul assassin Orange-Tory faction !”.
15.-The Canada Clergy Revenues Bill rend a second time in the House of Cominons.
15.-In the Court of Queen's Bench, A. Alaric on the third day, when he addressed the Court Watts was fined sol. for a libel on Admiral Om- in desence of Courvoisier. The concluding pormanney, in so far as an article published in the tion of his address gave rise to sharp criticism United Service Gazette imputed to him disre as to the responsibilities resting on counsel with spectful conduct in the reception of the Queen reference to prisoners who had confessed their Dowager at Malta.
guilt :-“ It was not a strong suspicion," said 16.-In the discussion on the Church of
Mr. Phillips, “or a moral conviction which Scotland Benefices Bill, Lord Aberdeen ex
would justify the jury in finding a man guilty plained, that one leading principle of the bill
of murder. If, notwithstanding that suspicion, was to preserve to the civil power the right
they felt bound to acquit the prisoner, he was of cognizance of acts of excess which the
still answerable to the laws of his country frio General Assembly might commit in the exer
the robbery, if guilty; and even supposing cise of what they were pleased to call their
him guilty of the murder-which indeed was right to give effect to what they considered their
known to Almighty God alone, and of which, solemn conviction. The bill had been received
for the sake of his eternal soul, Mr. Phillips with satisfaction, he said, by a large body of
hoped he was innocent—it was better far that the clergy and laity, though it was admitted
in the dreadful solitude of exile he should, the General Assembly took a less favourable
though not in the sight of man yet before the view of it. The second reading was carried
presence of God, atone by a lingering repentto-day in the Upper House by 74 to 27 votes.
ance for the deed, than that he should now
be sent in the dawning of his mauhood to an - The Atlantic steamship British Queen
ignominious death, in a case where the truth arrived at Portsmouth, having made the voyage
was not clear. After having now travelled from New York in fourteen days, fourteen
through this case of mystery and darkness, his hours, less longitude. Her last outward voyage
anxious task was done: that of the jury was was inade in thirteen days, eleven hours, from
about to begin. Might God direct their judgport to port, the quickest yet made.
ment ! One of the attributes of the Almighty 17.-The Lord William Bentinck and the
was that day given to them—the issue of life Lord Castlereagh, troop-ships, wrecked off and death was in their hands. To them was Bombay.
given to restore this man once more to the 18.--Commenced in the Central Criminal enjoyments of existence and the dignity of freeCourt, before Chief Justice Tindal and Baron dom, or to consign him to an ignominious fate, Parke, the trial of François Benjamin Cour. and brand upon his grave a murderer's epitaph. voisier, for the murder of Lord William Russell. His had been a painful and an awful task, but Counsel for the prosecution, Messrs. Adolphus, still more awful was their responsibility. To Bodkin, and Chambers; for the prisoner, Mr. violate the living temple which the Lord had Charles Phillips and Mr. Clarkson. The first made-to quench the fire which His breath had witness examined was the housemaid, Sarah given -was an awful and tremendous responsiMancel, who spoke to the appearance of the bility. The word once gone forth was irrehouse on the morning of the murder, and the vocable. Speak not that word lightly. Speak conduct of the prisoner when they found their it not on suspicion however strong, on moral master murdered. On the second day an im conviction however cogent, on inference, doubt, portant witness turned up, viz. Charlotte Pio or anything but a clear, irresistible, bright, jaine, of the Hôtel Dieppe, Leicester-square, noonday certainty. He spoke to them in no who spoke to the fact of the prisoner (formerly spirit of hostile admonition; Heaven knew he a servant there) having left a portion of the did not. He spoke to them in the spirit of a missing plate with her, some days before the friend and fellow-Christian ; and in that spirit murder was committed. “He had a paper | he told them, that if they pronounced the word parcel in his hand, and asked me if I would take lightly its memory would never die within care of it until the Tuesday following, when he thiem. It would accompany them in their would call for it. I said, 'Certainly, I would;' walks; it would follow them in their solitary and he left it with me and went away. I put | retirements like a shadow; it would haunt them the parcel in a closet, locked it up, and never in their sleep and hover round their bed; it saw the prisoner till this day. I took the parcel | would take the shape of an accusing spirit, and cat of the closet yesterday for the first time, in confront and condemn them before the judg. consequence of a statement read by my cousin ment seat of their God. So let them beware out of a French newspaper, to the effect that it how they acted.” Chief Justice Tindal then was likely, seeing that the prisoner was a charged the jury, who afterwards retired, deforeigner, he might have disposed of the missing liberated an hour and twenty minutes, and replate at some of the foreign hotels in London." turned with a verdict of “Guilty.” The Chief On the following morning the prisoner made a Justice prefaced the sentence of death with a confession of guilt to his counsel, Mr. Phillips; brief and feeling address, interrupted by his bat after consultation with the Judges it was own sobs; his utterance at times was quite considered proper to carry on the original line choked. “The age of your victim," said Chief of defence, particularly as the prisoner himself Justice Tindal, “his situation of master, had no wished this done. Mr. Phillips continued to dis- effect on you. To atone to society, which has charge his irksome task to the close of the trial received a shock by your crime, and to prevent
the recurrence of it, you must suffer an ignominious death. What may have been your precise or actual motive it is impossible to state. I fear it has been the lust of filthy lucre. It has been demonstrated in this instance by the providence of God, in no ordinary manner, that the crime committed in darkness should be brought to light.” The prisoner was sentenced to be executed on the 6th of July. He looked very pale, but in other respects betrayed little emotion.
18.-Edward Oxford writes from the prison of Newgate, to Mr. Pelham, his solicitor : “Have the goodness to write to Lord Normanby, and ask him to let me have some books to read; such as "Jack the Giant-Killer,' • Jack and the Bean-stalk, Tack and his Eleven Wives,' 'My Little Tom Thumb,' “The Arabian Nights' Entertainment,' and all such books from such celebrated authors. And ask him, as a prisoner of war, whether I may not be allowed on a parole of honour ? and on what grounds, ask him, does he detain one of her Majesty's subjects ?"
20.-Severe strictures passed on the Tory press for affecting to believe that the attempt of Oxford was a mere Whig trick to secure the Ministry in office.
81.-General thanksgiving for her Majesty's recent escape.
24.-Sir J. J. Gordon Bremer issues a notice declaring the river and harbour of Canton in a state of siege.
25.–Mr. Fitzroy Kelly obtains leave to introduce a bill abolishing the punishment of death in all cases except murder and treason.
29.-Tried at Durham Sessions, Robert Taylor, under twenty years of age, charged with six acts of bigamy, and obtaining money under the pretence of being heir to large properties. Two cases were proved against him, and he was sentenced to imprisonment for two years and a half.
-- Experiments with Glegg and Samuda's atmospheric railway at Wormwood Scrubbs.
- Died at Viterbo, near Rome, aged 65, Lucien Buonaparte, Prince of Canino, brother of Napoleon I.
30.-The Canada Government Bill read a second time in the House of Lords to-day ; but the Duke of Wellington warned the Government of opposition in Committee, on the ground that the present was not the time, nor the measure before the House the method, of permanently settling the Canadian differences.
July 2.-O'Connell's motion, that it be an instruction to the Committee on the Registration of Irish Voters to make provision for defining the qualification entitling persons in Ireland to register, rejected by 311 to 162 votes.
5.–The Island of Chusan captured by the British force, under the command of Brigadier
Burrel. The capital, Ting-hae-heen, was given over to the pillage of our troops.
6.-Execution of Courvoisier. His appearance upon the scaffold was the signal for a shout of execration from the thousands assembled below, but he appeared totally unmoved, and stood firm while the executioner fastened the noose. He died after a brief struggle.
- Lord Stanley intimates his abandonment of the Irish Registration Bill, which had undergone the ordeal of ten divisions in the House, and been successful in nine.
8.-The trial of Edward Oxford, for high treason, commenced at the Central Criminal Court, before Lord Denman, Baron Alderson, and Mr. Justice Patteson. Parties were admitted by ticket to the body of the Court, and on and around the bench several members of the aristocracy were accommodated with seats. When Oxford was brought into Court he advanced with a smile to the bar, cast his eyes quickly around, and then commenced playing in a listless manner with the herbs strewn in front of the dock. The Attorney-General stated the case for the Crown, which was based mainly on his statements and confession. (See June 10, 11.) For the defence, the plea of insanity was set up by prisoner's counsel, Mr. Sidney Taylor, and it was sought to be established in evidence that the fact was well
known to his relatives and acquaintance. His | grandfather had been repeatedly confined in a
lunatic asylum, and his father was subject to fits of mental aberration. So far as connexion with any secret society was concerned, the Crown had not been able to establish one single circumstance even of suspicion, and it was now urged in defence that the regulations and threatening letters found in the prisoner's possession had all been written by himself, while labouring under the delusions to which he was subject. Chief Justice Denman charged the jury on the roth. On the subject of insanity he said: “If they thought the prisoner was at the time labouring under any delusion which prevented him from judging of the effects of the act he had committed, they could not find him guilty. He might be labouring, perhaps, under a delusion which affected every part of his conduct and was not directed to one object alone. If that were the case, and if the disease affected him at the time the act was committed, then he could not be held accountable for it. One cannot say what a person labouring under such a delusion may do ; and the motive, in that case, would not be apparent. With regard to the motive, a love of notoriety had been sug. gested; but might this absurd sort of love of notoriety not as well have been gratified by firing pistols unloaded as loaded ? And if they were unloaded, there could not be an offence. But although he laboured under a delusion, if he fired the loaded pistols at the Queen know. ing the result which would follow his conduct; although forced by his morbid desire for notoriety to the act, he would be respo:asible
for his conduct, and liable to criminal punishment. ... It is for you to determine whether the prisoner did fire the pistols, or either of them, at her Majesty, and whether the pistols, both or either of them, were loaded with a bullet. Supposing, gentlemen, that you should come to a satisfactory conclusion that the pistols, or one of them, were levelled at her Majesty, and that they or either of them were loaded, then the defence which has been set up raises the further inquiry whether, at the time the prisoner committed the act, he was responsible for it.” The jury then retired to consult, and having been absent about three-quarters of an hour, they returned the following special verdict : “We find the prisoner, Edward Oxford, guilty of discharging the contents of two pistols, but whether or not they were loaded with ball has not been satisfactorily proved to us; he being of unsound state of mind at the time." Some discussion then took place on a motion by the Attorney-General for confining the prisoner under the 40th Geo. III., during her Majesty's pleasure ; which was resisted by Mr. Taylor, on the ground that the jury had acquitted the prisoner of the offence with which he was charged by negativing the fact that the pistols were loaded with bullets. The jury again retired, and were absent nearly an hour, when they returned with a verdict of “Guilty, prisoner being at the time insane.” Mr. Baron Alderson : “Then you find the prisoner guilty but for his insanity?” The Foreman : * We do, my Lord.” Lord Denman: “The Court asked you this question, Do you acquit the prisoner on the ground of insanity?” The Foreman : “Yes, my Lord, that is our intention." Lord Denman : “Then the verdict will stand thus, Not guilty, on the ground of insanity."" The Attorney-General: “That being the case, I have now humbly to move your Lordships, on behalf of the Crown, that the prisoner at the bar, Edward Oxford, be confined in strict custody during her Majesty's pleasure.” Lord Denman : “That is a matter of course.” The prisoner, who had remained unmoved during the whole of this argument, walked briskly from the bar, apparently glad that the trial was over.
8.--A formal union completed between the Synod of Ulster and the Secession Synod, numbering together about 700,000 Presbyterians.
- Lord Aberdeen withdraws his Scotch Benefices Bill.
11.-Lord Keane entertained by the East India Company at the London Tavern. In the course of the evening, the President of the Board of Control (Sir J. C. Hobhouse) announced that within these last few weeks, the Government of India “had been enabled to make an addition to its territory, the vast consequences of which could scarcely be imagined in the wildest dreams of fancy, and which for centuries would be of advantage to the empire." It was not generally understood whether allu
sion was made to acquisitions in China or Asl. ghanistan.
13.-The Canada Government Bill read a third time in the House of Lords, the most important of the alterations made in committee relating to the extension of time for proclaiming the Act. The amendments were afterwards accepted by the Commons, and the Bill received the Royal Assent.
- A Royal Message read in the House of Lords, recommending the introduction of a Regency Bill to the attention of their lordships. In compliance therewith, a bill was introduceel by the Lord Chancellor, constituting Prince Albert sule regent in the event of her Majesty's demise before her offspring attained legal age.
-- Crowded meeting of the Loyal National Association of Ireland held in Dublin, when O'Connell delivered a speech, promising Repeal within a year.
14.–Mr. Hume's motion for an address to the Queen praying for the opening of the British Museum and National Galleries on Sundays, rejected by 82 to 44 votes.
15.-Convention signed at London between the Courts of Great Britain, Austria, Prussia, and Russia, on the one part, and the Ottoman Porte on the other, for the pacification of the Levant. To the surprise of many, France was not included in the alliance. The terms an. nexed to the Convention were, that Mehemet Ali should within ten days accept from the Sultan the administration of the Pashalic of Egypt, with the command of the fortress of St. Jean d'Acre, and pay an annual tribute corre. sponding to the extent of territory placed under his protectorate. The fifth condition prescribed that all the treaties and all the laws of the Ottoman Empire should be applicable to Egypt and the Pashalic of Acre, but the Sultan consents “that, on condition of the regular payment of tribute above-mentioned, Mehemet Ali and his descendants shall levy imposts in the name of the Sultan, and as the delegate of his Highness, in the provinces of which the administration is to be to him confided. It is further understood, that, on the condition of receiving the above taxes and imposts, Mehemet Ali and his descendants shall provide for all expenses of the civil and military administration of said provinces.” The terms were rejected by Mehemet Ali, and warlike proceedings at once took place along the Syrian coast. Lord Palmerston, in a note to M. Guizot, thus alludes to the withdrawal of France as a party to the Convention : “The Four Powers, in signing this Convention, could not but feel the greatest regret to find themselves thus momentarily separated from France in an affair so essentially European ; but this regret is dinii nished by the reiterated declarations which the French Government has made to them that it has nothing to object to the arrangements which the Four Powers desire to make Mehemet Ali accept, provided Mehemet Ali consents to
them ; that in no case will France oppose the countrymen would be relieved.” A few weeks measures which the Four Courts, in concert later :-“If the British Government would only with the Sultan, might judge necessary to play the grand game-help Russia cordially to obtain the assent of the Pasba of Egpyt; and all she has a right to expect-shake hands with that the only motive which has prevented | Persia-get her all possible amends from the France from uniting with the other Powers Oosbegs, and secure her such a frontier as would on this occasion is derived from considerations both keep these savages and man-stealers in of various kinds, which rendered it impossible wholesome check, and take away her pretext for the French Government to take a part in for pushing herself and letting herself be pushed coercive measures against Mehemet Ali. The on to the Oxus-force the Bokhara Ameer to be Four Courts entertain, then, the well-grounded just to us, the Affghans and the other Oosbegs hope that their separation from France on this states, and his own kingdom. ... The necessity subject will be only of short duration, and will of them will be seen, and we shall play the noble not in any manner interfere with the relations part that the first Christian nation of the world of sincere friendship which they so earnestly ought to fill." desire to preserve with France; and moreover,
28.—The column of July inaugurated at that they anxiously address themselves to the
Paris. French Government in order to obtain its moral support, notwithstanding they cannot
- Died at Cowes, aged 48, John George
Lambton, first Earl of Durham. He had been hope for its material co-operation.”
in failing health almost since his return from 20.-The Chancellor of the Exchequer
America in 1839. carries a resolution making the duty payable on sugar manufactured within this country
29.-Ovation in Manchester to the Glasgow from any material whatever, the same as that
cotton-spinners on their return from transon sugar extracted from beetroot.
portation. --- The line of the Great Western Railway
31.-Action commenced at Lewes Assizes further opened from Steventon to the Faringdon
by Captain Richard Heaviside against Dr. Road, a distance of sixty-three miles from
Lardner, for compensation for the seduction of London.
his wife. In summing up, Baron Gurney said
one point urged in favour of the defendant 21.-On the occasion of the second reading
was, that he was chastised by the plaintiff ; and of the Regency Bill, the Duke of Sussex took
if he had put the defendant's life in danger, it occasion to allude to his own relation to the
would certainly go in mitigation of damages; Queen, not because he was ambitious of being
but under the peculiar circumstances he would included in the Regency, but because he
leave that entirely to the jury. They must not thought the position of the Royal Family
estimate the damages by the pecuniary reshould not be altogether overlooked.
sources of the defendant, but by the injury 22.-The Morning Chronicle announces that the plaintiff had sustained. He had lost an the Rev. Connop Thirlwall, D.D., has been affectionate wife, and his children were deappointed Bishop of St. David's.
prived of the instruction and example of a 23.-Royal Assent given to the Protestant
mother. Damages, 8,000l. Episcopal Church Bill, permitting clergymen In explanation of the differences presently of that communion in Scotland to officiate in existing between the Ottoman Court and England under certain conditions.
Mehemet Ali, the latter despatches a circular 24.—Discussion in the House of Commons
to all the Pashas of the empire, intimating, that,
Khosreff Pasha's intrigues were the cause of on the case of John Thorogood, confined in Chelmsford jail for refusing to pay 5s. 6d. as
his troops being attacked by the Sultan's ; thai, church rates.
on learning the accession of Abdul Medjid, he
(Mehemet) had ordered Ibrahim not to follow - Mr. Simpson, a distinguished geographer up his advantages ; that on learning that in the employ of the Hudson's Bay Company,
Khosreff was appointed Vizier, he (Mehemet) shoots himself at Turtle River, while in a state
felt convinced the ascendency of that minister of mental excitement brought on by recent
must be destructive to the empire ; that Ahmet successful discoveries in connexion with the
Capitan Pasha had formed the same opinion, North-West passage. He had previously shot
and acted upon it by keeping his fleet out of two of his travelling companions.
the power of Khosréff, and uniting it with the -- Arthur Conolly appointed to proceed fleet of Alexandria, in order that the conjoined from Cabul on a mission to Bokhara, and the fleets might be in a condition to serve the courts of other Trans-Oxian Khans. “Poor sovereign and the nation. The circular adds, Sioddart's health,” he wrote, “was drunk last that Mehemet Ali had received the Capitan night at the Ghuznee anniversary dinner, after Pasha with distinction; had written to Khusreff a briefly eloquent speech by Sir Alexander Pasha, urging him to tender his resignation 10 [Burnes), who concluded by expressing a hope the Sultan ; and had at the same time addressed ihat, if the last of Sir w. Macnaghten's letters to the mother and aunt of the Sultan, amiablc endeavours to bring the Ameer to the Sceich-ul-Islam and Habil Pasha, conreason should fail, our gallant and unfortunate juring them to co-operate for the removal of