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the Queen, asking her to dismiss her present feelings of her young heart that she was inMinistry and appoint another which would duced to take the course she so nobly pursued. make the People's Charter a Cabinet measure, Those excellent women who had been so long *should be presented by a deputation of attached to her, who had nursed and tended to 500,000 men, proceeding in peaceful and her wants in her childhood, who had watched orderly procession, each with a musket over over her in her sickness, whose eyes beamed his arm.
with delight as they watched her increasing daily
in beauty and in loveliness—when they were 13.—Died at Rome, in his 77th year, Car
threatened to be forced away from her, her dinal Fesch, maternal uncle of Napoleon I.
heart told her that she could as well part with - Died, aged 66, the Duke of Bassano, that heart itself as with those whom it held so Minister for Foreign Affairs under Napoleon I. dear.'
14.- Numerous meetings throughout the 21.-Lord Palmerston writes to Sir J. country to express approval of the Queen's re
M'Neill, at Shahrood, authorizing him to inform jection of the conditions sought to be imposed
the Shah that his designs upon Affghanistan are on her by Sir Robert Peel and his party.
in complete contravention of the spirit of the
alliance subsisting between the two nations. 17.-Prince Louis Napoleon writes from “17, Carlton House Terrace," to the editor of
22.-Three motions discussed by the General the Times : "I see with pain in your Paris cor
Assembly regarding the Auchterarder case. Dr. respondence that it is wished to cast upon me
Cook proposed that the Veto Act having been
found to infringe on civil and patrimonial rights, the responsibility of the late insurrection. I
Presbyteries should be instructed to proceed rely upon your kindness to refute in the most distinct manner this insinuation. The intel
with settlements in the manner practised before ligence of the bloody scenes which took place
the Act was passed.—Dr. Muir sought to make has caused me as much surprise as grief. If I
an addition, to the effect that Presbyteries, in were the soul of a plot, I would also be the
settling presentees, ought to consider their suitchief actor in it in the day of danger; nor would
ableness to the mind and situation of the people
of the parish. - Dr. Chalmers, while admitting I shrink back after a defeat."
that the House of Lords had settled the mere 18.—Disturbance at Glasgow on the occa “civil right” in the Auchterarder case, insisted sion of her Majesty's birthday. At night a mob that the principle of non-intrusion was an integral 200 strong mustered on the Green, and, armed part of the Church's constitution which should with sticks, marched up to the Cross with the not be abandoned, and that no presentee should view of creating a disturbance. They were be forced upon any parish contrary to the will overpowered by the police, and the most of the congregation. For Dr. Chalmers's motion prominent carried off to prison.
as against Dr. Muir's the numbers were 197 to - Fire in Bucklersbury, near the Mansion
161; and as against Dr. Cook's, 204 to 155.
Dr. Chalmers's motion was therefore declared House, destroying the premises occupied by
to be carried by a majority of 49. Mr. Baker, stationer, and causing the death of two of his children and two domestics.
24.-Capt. Elliott and the British merchants - Died at Florence, Caroline Murat, sister
leave Canton. of Napoleon I, and ex-Queen of Naples.
85.-Great Chartist demonstration on Kersal
Moor, near Manchester. Feargus O'Connor 20.-At the Dublin meeting to address the said he came there because the magistrates Queen on the stand she had made against the
and the Queen pronounced the meeting illegal Tories, Mr. Henry Grattan declared that if they and unconstitutional. “I have good authority had succeeded her Majesty's life would not
for asserting,” he said, "that all the Hanoverian have been safe. “I tell you more, that if her
clubs in London are at work to know how they Majesty was once fairly placed in the hands of
can dispose of our young Queen, and place the Tories I would not give an orange-peel for
the bloody Cumberland on her throne in her her life. If some of the low miscreants of the
stead.” Other violent speeches were delivered party got round her Majesty, and had the mix by Rushton of Manchester, Fletcher of Bury, ing of the Royal bowl at night, I fear she
and others. would have a long sleep."-O'Connell was ready with even more than his usual flattery.
27.-Mr. Charles Shaw Lefevre elected "When I entered the Reform Club,” he said,
Speaker of the House of Commons, by a "a friend seized me by both hands, exclaiming,
majority over Mr. Goulburn of 18 in a House *She has done it! England has triumphed,
of 620. In this division there were 8 pairs, and Ireland is saved.' May the great God of
1 Liberals and 9 Tories absent, and two heaven bless her who did it !- that creature of
vacancies—Ludlow and Carlow. only nineteen-lovely as she is young, and pure 30.-In retaliation to some extent for the as she is exalted. She was something which attempts of Government to control the liberties might be dreamed of in chivalry or fairyland. of the City, the Court of Common Council,
There she was, in the power of the weakness by a majority of 46, decline to forward any of her sex, ... But it was not her head that address on the subject of the recent Ministerial she consulted; it was from the overflowing | crisis.
30.-Mr. T. B. Macaulay addresses the the Queen. He was seized by a sentry, and electors of Edinburgh with the view of suc afterwards sent to Bridewell. ceeding Mr. Abercromby in the representation of the city. He was elected without opposi
13.--Duel at Wimbledon between Lord
Londonderryand Mr. H. Grattan, M.P., arising tion on the 4th of June.
out of statements made by the latter at Dublin 31.--In the Court of Queen's Bench, Lord
(see May 20), which Lord Londonderry had Denman gave judgment in the case of Stock
described as “base and infamous." "Lord dale v. Hansard-an action for defamatory
Londonderry received his opponent's fire, and libel against the printers to the House of Com
fired in the air. A hostile correspondence on mons for the publication of the Report of Com
the same subject took place between Mr. Gratmissioners of Prisons, in which certain strictures
tan and Lord Brougham. were made on some obscene books printed by the plaintiff. Lord Denman said that the su
- Murder of Capt. Bergholty, on board his premacy of Parliament, on which the claim for
vessel at Monkwearmouth, by the mate. After exemption from responsibility was made to rest,
the murder the body was thrown over the might have been recognised as a valid authority,
ship's side, attached to a small boat, and rowed
by Ehlert and one Müller up towards the but the report complained of was not made by the sanction of the three co-ordinate powers
bridge, where it was found on a sandbank by acting harmoniously together, but by the
the police. House of Commons singly; a usurpation of 14.–The Lord President of the court of authority abhorrent to the constitution of Eng
Session pronounces censure on seven-members land. “ Most willingly,” said the Lord Chief
of the Presbytery of Dunkeld, for their conJustice, “would I decline to enter upon an in
tempt of court in having inducted a minister quiry which may lead to my differing from that
to the church and parish of Lethendy, in degreat and powerful assembly. But when one fiance of the interdict of the Court. They of my fellow-subjects presents himself before
were also found liable in expenses. me in this court demanding justice for an in
– Mr. Attwood presents a Chartist petition jury, it is not at my option to grant or to with
to the House of Commons, said to be signed by hold redress. I am bound to afford it him, in
1,280,000 people. It consisted of a cylinder the law declares him entitled to it. Parliament
of parchment about the diameter of a coach is said to be supreme: I most fully acknow
wheel, and was literally rolled into the House. ledge its supremacy. It follows, then, that
His motion to submit the grievances complained neither branch of it is supreme when acting by
of to the consideration of a Select Committee itself.” A jury summoned afterwards to assess
was negatived by 235 to 46 votes. damages, awarded 100l. to Stockdale.
15. A woman, describing herself as Sophia June 1.-The inhabitants of Melbourne,
Elizabeth Guelph Sims, makes application at Australia, celebrate the second anniversary of the Mansion House for advice and assistance their city. Within the two years certain lots to prove herself the lawful child of George IV. of land had advanced in price from 71. to 600l., and Mrs. Fitzherbert. and from 271. to 9301.
- The Select Committee on Printed Papers 3.—The Lords of the Committee of Privy
present a Report on the Stockdale v. HanCouncil recommend that the sum of 10,000l.,
sard prosecution. In conforınity with certain granted by Parliament in 1835 towards the
abstract views expressed in the debate, Lord erection of normal or model schools, be given
John Russell submitted two resolutions; the in equal proportion to the National Society
first declaring the inexpediency of adopting and the British and Foreign School Society.
measures for the purpose of staying execution They also recommend, that no further grant be
of the writ against Hansard ; the second that made now or hereafter for these schools unless
the House would enter into a consideration the right of inspection be retained, in order to
of the means of defending its essential privisecure a uniformity in the several schools, with
lege of publishing its votes and proceedings. such improvements as may from time to time
17.-Died, aged 65, Lord William Bentinck, be suggested by the Committee.
Governor-General of India, 1827-35. -- Lord John Russell introduces a bill for
18.-Mr. Grote's annual motion on the Ballot the legislative union of the two Canadas.
rejected by 333 to 216 votes. Mr. Macaulay 4.-Lord John Russell intimates the aban.
spoke in favour of the measure, being the first donment of the Government scheme of educa-| time he addressed the House since his return tion, in consequence of the opposition manifested froin India. by various religious bodies.
- Opening of railways from Newcastle to 7.--The Right Hon. James Abercromby, North Shields, and from Newcastle to South Speaker of the House of Commons, raised to Shields and Sunderland. the peerage with the title of Lur Dunferm 20.--As the result of two conversations with line.
the French Ambassador, Lord Palmerston pro10.--An attempt made by a nadman to nounces it as his opinion that it was necessary anter Buckingham Palace, with designs against to save the Ottoman Empire from an exclusive
protection, which would sooner or later prove ing this report to her Majesty, but afterwards fatal to it if France and England were not denied in writing that she had given utteragreed.
ance to such a calumny. 20.-Late this evening, and during a slight storm, eleven young people returning from a
July 1.-Died, Sultan Mahmoud II., aged cricket-match at Putney were drowned in Chel 54 ; succeeded by Abdul-Medjid. sea Reach by the upsetting of four boats.
- Lord Lyndhurst's motion for expunging 21.-The Earl of Winchelsea presents al the first clause of the Jamaica bill authorizing petition to the House of Lords, demanding the Governor and Council to make laws for the the repeal of the Catholic Emancipation Act, regulation of hired labour, the prevention of on the ground of its injury to the Established vagrancy, and the illegal occupation of waste Church.
lands, which had been retained in the Commons
by the narrow majority of 1o, carried in the 23.-Died at the convent at Jûn, in the
House of Lords against Ministers by 149 Lebanon, aged 73, Lady Hester Lucy Stan
to 80. hope.
2.-Mr. Milner Gibson resigns his seat for 24.–Tried at the Central Criminal Court,
Ipswich, on the ground that his feelings on the Caspars, father and son, Emanuel Moses,
many great questions were now at variance and Alice Abrahams, as principals and ac
with those of the Conservative party to whom cessories in gold-dust robbery-102 lbs., worth
he owed his election. He stood as a candidate 5,000l. They were convicted principally on the
at the new election, but was defeated by Sir evidence of an informer named Moss, who
Thomas Cochrane, the numbers being' 621 described the means taken by the younger Caspar to secure the gold he had charge of
votes to 615. as clerk to Hartley and Co. (See March 25.) 4.-Chartist riots at Birmingham. Two
25.—Ibrahim Pacha defeats the Turks at thousand people assembled in the Bull Ring Nezib, near Aleppo. As many as 4,000 of the
about 9 o'clock P.M., and, when desired to Sultan's army were said to be killed, and
disperse, fell upon the constables, and wounded 5,000 taken prisoners.
two severely. The military ultimately dis
persed the rioters, and enabled the police to 26.-Colonel Maza, formerly Rosas' legal apprehend ten of the more prominent of them. adviser, and President of the Buenos Ayres
The General Convention thereupon issued a House of Representatives, assassinated in the
proclamation, declaring “That a wanton, flaAssembly buildings. His son was shot in grant, and unjust outrage had been made upon prison next day.
the people of Birmingham by a bloodthirsty 27.-Died at Lahore, in his sixtieth year, and unconstitutional force from London, acting Mabarajah Runjeet Singh, chief of Lahore.
under the authority of men who wished to Four princesses-his wives—and seven slave keep the people in degradation.” The Secregirls were permitted to burn themselves on his tary of the Convention was apprehended at the funeral pyre. He left the celebrated dianiond place of meeting. “Koh-i-noor," so long coveted by the princes
5.—The Chancellor of the Exchequer brings of India, as a legacy to be worn by the chief
forward his Annual Budget. A deficiency, idol of Juggernaut.
caused mainly, as was explained, by the con28.-Explosion at St. Hilda's Colliery, tinued heavy expenditure in Canada, had ocSouth Shields. The site of the disaster was curred during the past year of 224,000l. The nearly two miles from the shaft, and therefore revenue for the current year he estimated at considerable time elapsed before even the in 48, 128,000l. and the expenditure at 47,988,000l. trepid men who volunteered to search could showing an available surplus of 140,000l. In reach the sufferers. Sixty lives were lost on immediate connexion with his statement the this occasion. The coroner's jury returned a Chancellor of the Exchequer proposed a resoverdict of “accidental death, with a special lution : “That it is expedient to reduce the recommendation from the jury that the practice postage on letters to one uniform rate of one of working coal-mines with candles be aban penny, charged upon every letter of a weight doned, and lamps adopted in their stead, to be hereafter fixed by law ; Parliamentary as, from the evidence taken at this inquest, privileges of franking being abolished, and it evidently appears that the explosion has official franking strictly regulated : this House been caused by the carelessness of one of the
pledging itself, at the same time, to make men going with a lighted candle into what good any deficiency of revenue which may is termed the tenth board of the mine, which be occasioned by such an alteration in the rates had been foul.”
of the existing duties.” 29.- The Morning Post gives currency to a - Died at Buckingham Palace, from enstory, that the Duchess of Montrose and Lady largement of the liver, Lady Flora Hastings, Sarah Ingestre were among those who hissed | aged 33. Shortly before her death her Majesty her Majesty on the Ascot racecourse. Lady | had an interview with Lady Flora. Her death Lichfield was said to be implicated in convey was generally understood to have been ac
celerated by the painful occurrences in the ment for what happened with regard to the Palace at the beginning of the year.
British messenger; that apology not to be 8.-Tried at Edinburgh, an action raised
accompanied by any objectionable matter, and by Sir David and Lady Milne against George
might be made either by the Prime Minister,
the Hajee, or, if the Shah prefers it, by a letter Horne for slanderous allegations contained in
from the Shah to the Queen. Secondly, that a book written by the defendant, entitled “Memoirs of an Aristocrat.” Damages awarded,
a firmaun shall be published in Persia, and
a copy of it communicated to the British Go1,000l.
vernment, assuring protection to all persons, 9.-Mr. Villiers introduces, but afterwards whether British, Persian, or others, who may withdraws, a motion for the House resolving be employed in the service of the British itself into a committee to consider the present Mission. This firmaun to be in conformity duties levied on foreign and colonial timber. with what was stated in Sir John M'Neill's 11.-Affray between English and American
Memorandum, given to the Shah on the 4th seamen at Hong-Kong. One Chinaman was
of June, 1838. Thirdly, that Ghorian and the killed, for which Commissioner Lin demanded
other places in Affghanistan which have been instant satisfaction.
occupied by the Persian garrisons, shall be
evacuated by their troops, and restored to the -- In answer to a resolution for an Address
Affghans. Fourthly, that a written apology to the Crown to rescind the Order in Council
shall be made by the Persian Government for appointing an Educational Committee, the
the attempt made by Major-General Semino Queen mildly rebukes the Peers for insinuating to seize the house at Teheran, which the Shah that she was inattentive to the interests of the had placed at the disposal of Major Todd. (See Established Church, or disposed to treat with Nov. 10, 1838.) Fifthly, that all persons conneglect the advice of the House of Lords.
cerned in the outrage committed on the person “Of the proceedings of the Committee, annual
and property of the broker of the British Rereports will be laid before Parliament, so that sidency at Bushire, in the month of November the House of Lords will be enabled to exercise last, shall be punished. Sixthly, that the its judgment upon them; and I trust that the Governor of Bushire, who was guilty of the funds placed at my disposal will be found
affront lately offered to Sir F. Maitland, the to have been strictly applied to the objects British Admiral, shall be removed from his for which they were granted.”
command, and that the reason of his removal --- The French Court of Peers pronounce a shall be publicly made known by the Persian decision in the case of the prisoners concerned Government. Seventhly, that the claims of Sir in the recent insurrection. The Court was Henry Bethune, on account of the ironworks unanimous in declaring Barbés and Mialon in Karadagh, shall be liquidated. Eighthly, guilty of having headed the insurrection. By
that the sums due to the British officers shall 120 votes Barbés was declared guilty of the
be paid. Ninthly, that the signature of a murder of the lieutenant who commanded
commercial treaty between Great Britain and the poste at the Palais de Justice. By the same Persia shall accompany the re-establishment of majority Mialon was declared guilty of the mur diplomatic relations between the two States. der of the Brigadier Joanas. All the remaining
14.-The Turkish admiral leads his fleet prisoners were declared guilty of having parti
into the harbour of Alexandria, and delivers it cipated in the insurrection, and of having been
up to Mehemet Ali. taken with arms in their hands. Barbés was sentenced to death, but afterwards respited ;
15.—Another Chartist riot in Birmingham. the others to various periods of transportation
The mob, having mustered in great force at the and imprisonment.
Bull Ring, formed themselves into order of
procession, and in passing through the streets 12.-Mr. Goulburn's motion for the post attacked the houses and shops of those known ponement of the Penny Postage Bill defeated | to be opposed to their views, or where they by a majority of 213 to 113; and Sir Robert thought suitable plunder could be obtained. Peel's motion, to omit from the resolution the Encouraged in their excesses by the timidity of Words pledging the Government to make up any the magistracy, the rioters set fire to several deficiency which might arise, also defeated, by a shops, and it was at one time feared the whole majority of 184 to 125.
city would fall a prey to their fury. As it was, 13.-As the British Government still refused
the neighbourhood of the muster-ground preto "present” Hoossein Khan (now arrived in sented an appearance which compelled the London) to the Queen till full satisfaction had
Duke of Wellington to declare was worse than been given for all past offences on the part of
that of a city taken by storm, and all done, he the Persian Court, Lord Palmerston grants the
said, in the presence of magistrates appointed, Envoy an interview this afternoon with the
not under the Great Seal, but by the Home view of removing the misunderstandings, but
Secretary. This outbreak was ultimately is successful only so far as to make him fami
put down by the military without loss of life. liar with the requirements of Britain as formally
The damage committed was estimated at from put before the Shah :-First, that a written
| 40,000l. to 50,000l. apology shall be made to the British Govern- - Died, Winthrop Mackworth Praed, Esq ,
wit and poet, aged 36. His death caused a vacancy in the representation of Aylesbury.
16.-Discussion in the House of Lords on the Birmingham riots, the Duke of Wellington taunting the Government with having done nothing to prevent their occurrence during the ter days over which they had extended. The subject was taken up the following evening in the House of Commons.
17.-The Mayor of Birmingham (Scholefield) forwards to the Home Secretary an account of the riots on the 15th, which he looked upon as altogether of an exceptional and unexpected character. “The magistrates," he wrote, “were at the police office on the 15th, as on other days during the disturbance, and only left when there appeared to be no just ground for fear that the peace of the town would be disturbed.”
- The Queen annoyed when taking an airing in Hyde Park by a man on horseback, who persisted in crossing before her Majesty, waving his hand, and placing it on his breast. Refusing to desist from his ridiculous conduct, he was given into custody by Capt. Cavendish. The offender, who described himself as a traveller for a wholesale house in the City, was committed to prison for two months.
18.–The Llanidloes rioters tried at the Montgomeryshire Assizes, and sentenced to various terms of imprisonment.
- Captain Elliott writes from Macao to Lord Palmerston: “I am more and more convinced that the late crisis, and the just ground of interference afforded to her Majesty's Government, will enable it to interpose, under the most favourable circumstances, for the establishment of regular and honourable trade on a firm basis, and, let me take the liberty to add, for the effectual check or regulation of a traffic which, by the present manner of its pursuit, must every day become more dangerous to the peace of this ancient empire, and most discreditable to the character of the Christian nations under whose flags it is carried on. but, my lord, the difficulties in China are not confined to this matter of opium. The true and far more important question to be solved is, whether there shall be honourable and extending trade with this empire ; or whether the coasts shall be delivered over to a state of things which will pass rapidly from the worst character of forced trade to plain buccaneering."
19.-Feargus O'Connor tried for a libel on the Warminster guardians, in so far as he had inserted in his newspaper a statement to the effect that they had starved a boy to death. A verdict of guilty was returned, and the defendant entered into recognizances to appear for judgment when called on.
20.-Chartist riot at Newcastle, though the Northern Union had previously issued a placard calling upon its members to respect the lives and property of all the inhabitants, in conse
quence of their nightly meetings not having been interfered with.
20.—Dinner to Mr. Macready: the Duke of Sussex in the chair.
22.-In the National Convention, Delegate O'Brien moves to rescind a former resolution fixing the 12th of August as the commencement of the “sacred month,” on the ground that the people were not yet generally prepared for that event.
23.–The important frontier fortress of Ghuznee, Affghanistan, stormed by a British force, under the command of Lieut.-General Keane, commander of the Army of the Indus. “At daylight on the 22d,” he writes, “I recon. noitred the place, in company with the chief engineer and others, with the view of making such arrangements as were necessary for carrying the place by storm. Instead of the tedious process of breaching (for which we were all prepared), it was resolved to blow in the Cabul Gate, the weakest point, with gunpowder. A few minutes before 3 o'clock this morning the explosion took place, and proved completely successful. With the view of paralysing the enemy, a heavy fire was then opened upon the citadel and ramparts of the fort, and about the same time the storming party, led with great gallantry by Brigadier Sale, succeeded in establishing a position within the fort. The struggle here was very sharp for a time, but the courage and fortitude of our army overcame all opposition, and by 5 o'clock the British standard was planted on the citadel, amidst the cheers of all ranks. Our casualties in killed and wounded amounted to about 200. Of the garrison 500 were killed, and a large number made prisoners.”
24.-Disturbances by Jews at the Garrick Theatre, in consequence of the production of a play founded on the recent gold-dust robbery.
-- Fracas in the streets of Manchester between the editors of the Guardian and Courier, arising out of personalities indulged in through their newspapers.
- Lord John Russell obtains the consent of the House to introduce a bill for the establishment of county and district constables by authority of Justices of the Peace in England and Wales.
26.--The Chancellor of the Exchequer's resolution for prolonging the exclusive privilege of the Bank of Ireland till 1844, carried after a lengthened discussion by 79 votes to 24.
- The Prussian seaman Ehlert tried at Durham Assizes for the murder of his captain, and sentenced to be executed. He was condemned mainly on the testimony of an apprentice, whose assistance he had secured to carry out the crime.
28.-The Marquis of Londonderry writes that the rumour of his refusal to drink the Queen's health with the usual honours at the