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necessary depots and stations on the route without delay. 2. To conceal the real object of the expedition, which should be given out as a scientific expedition to the Ural Sea. 3. To postpone the departure of the expedition until after the settlement of English matters in Affghanistan in order that the influence and impression of the Russian proceedings might have more weight in Central Asia ; and that England, in consequence of her own conquests, might no longer have any ground for calling on the Russian Government for explanations ; on no account, however, to delay the expedition later than the spring of 1840. 4. In the event of the expedition terminating successfully, tu replace the Khan of Khiva by a trustworthy Kazzák Sultan ; to establish order and security as far as possible ; to release all the prisoners, and to give full freedom to the Russian trade, 5. To assign 425,000 silver roubles and 12,000 gold ducats for the expenses of the expedi
time, let your duly attested and faithful bonds be given, waiting for me, in conjunction with the Governor and Lieutenant-Governor, to appoint a time for the opium to be delivered up. Do not indulge in idle expectations, or seek to postpone matters, deferring to repent until its lateness render it ineffectual.”
18.--The army of the Indus, under Sir John Keane, enters the Pass of the Bolan in their march against Dost Mahomed. They were harassed on their journey by Mehrat Khan, *chief of Khelat.
- Mr. Villiers' motion “that the House immediately resolve itself into a committee to take into consideration the law regulating the importation of foreign corn,” defeated after a debate extending over five sittings by 342 to 195 votes.
21.--Mr. Hume's motion in favour of Household Suffrage rejected by 85 votes to 50.
-- The Earl of Roden's motion for a Select Committee to inquire into the state or Ireland since 1835, especially with reference to the prevalence of crime in that country, carried against Ministers by a majority of 5. His Lordship contended that sufficient evidence existed of a widely-spread Ribbon conspiracy, and that it had been encouraged by the mistaken policy of the Government.
22.-Superintendent Elliott, having urgent reasons for the withdrawal of confidence in the just and moderate dispositions of the provincial Government, requires that all the ships of her Majesty's subjects at the outer anchorages should proceed forthwith to Hong Kong, and, hoisting their national colours, be prepared to resist every act of aggression on the part of the Chinese Government. On the 25th the Superintendent claimed passports for the English ships and people within three days, and expressed his conviction that the peace between the two countries was in imminent jeopardy. On this the Prefect Choo remarked: “In regard to the style of the address, there is much that cannot be understood. Thus, for instance, the words 'the two countries,' I know not the meaning of. While our Celestial Court has in humble submission to it ten thousand (i.e. all) regions, and the heaven-like goodness of the great Emperor overshadows all, the nation aforesaid and the Americans have, by their trade at Canton during many years, enjoyed, of all those in subjection, the largest measure of favours. And I presume it must be England and America that are conjointly named the two countries.'
24.-Progress of Russia in Central Asia. In order to carry on operations so as to excite the least degree of hostility on the part of foreign Powers, the Emperor to-day approves of the following measures, which had been recommended by a committee to consider and report on an expedition to Khiva :- “1. To commence at once the organization of an expedition against Khiva, and to establish the
25.-Two boxes of gold-dust, valued at 5,000l., stolen from the St. Katherine's Docks.
- In the course of the pleadings 10day before the Lord Chancellor and Lord Brougham, in the Auchterarder case, Sir Fre. derick Pollock, who appeared for the Presbytery, complained of interruption on the part of Sir John Campbell, retained on the other side. Lord Brougham said : “ The Church of Scotland is founded on a rock : the gates of hell shall not prevail against it, much less the sneers of her Majesty's Attorney-General.”
26.-A committee of the Chartist Conven. tion appointed to draw up a petition, praying that Mr. John Frost might be reinstated as magistrate.
-- Died, in Vauxhall-bridge-road, London, aged 67, Captain Johnson, who, in 1809, was taken out of prison, where he was confined for smuggling, in order to pilot the English fleet of the Walcheren expedition into Flushing harbour. For this service he received a pension of tool. per annum, upon condition that he should refrain from smuggling.
27.-In compliance with threatening remonstrances from the Governor of Canton, Superintendent Elliott, at present forcibly de. tained, issues an order for the surrender of all opium owned by merchants belonging to this country, and on behalf of his Government declares himself responsible for the value of the cargoes. Half the quantity delivered up was given over to the Chinese, and destroyed at once. The remaining half, amounting to 20,283 chests, was given up in May. The total value was computea at 3,000,000l.
- The defeat of the Government on Irish affairs in the House of Lords tending to weaken the executive, Lord John Russell intimates his intention of submitting the question to the Commons on the earliest convenient day after the recess-15th April.
April 1.–Public meeting in Edinburgh to support the Ministry. The Chartists mustered in great force, and succeeded in ejecting the Lord Provost from the chair, after which they passed a series of resolutions opposed to those originally intended.
- A riot at Devizes, arising out of a Chartist demonstration. Vincent and others entered the town at the head of about 1,000 men, armed with bludgeons, and attempted to address them in the market-place. The populace rose against the agitators, and but for the interference of the civil authorities serious results were likely to happen.
6.-Great dinner to Mr. Macready by the Shakspeare Club.
9.-Mr. Labouchere obtains leave to bring in a bill to make temporary provision for the government of Jamaica, the House of Assembly having refused to proceed to business until their right to legislate on the internal affairs of the colony was admitted by the British Government. "It was now proposed to set aside the House of Assembly, and to empower the Government and Council, aided by three salaried Commissioners, to administer the affairs of the island for five years. This step gave rise to much opposition on the part of Jamaica proprietors in this country, and in a short time a strong party was formed in Parliament opposed to it.
11.-Died at Greenock, John Galt, novelist, aged 60.
13,-Lamer, charged with unlawfully entering Stanfield Hall, convicted at the Norfolk Assizes, and sentenced to three months' imprisonment.
- Medhurst tried for the murder of Alsop, at Sturmer's school. Justice Coleridge, in sentencing Medhurst to three years' imprisonment, admitted the absence of malice or premeditation on the part of the prisoner, and commented severely on the master's conduct in leaving the pupils together when he knew they were quarrelling.
15.—Discussion on Lord John Russell's resolution : “That it is the opinion of this House, that it is expedient to persevere in those principles which have guided the Executive Government of Ireland of late years, and which have tended to the effectual administration of the law and the general improvement of that part of the kingdom." After a somewhat languid debate, protracted over five nights, the motion was affirmed in opposition to Sir R. Peel's amendment by 318 to 296 votes. On the last evening of the debate, Sir George Sinclair amused the House by a conversation alleged to have occurred between himself and a Conservative frondeur in a Richbond omnibus. “I daresay, sir," said his friend, “ you remember as well as I do the exploits and the prowess of my eloquent and accomplished friend Croker during the two Reform Bill campaigns. His premature retirement from public life is a public misfor
tune. He is now become the recluse of West Moulsey,' and 'armis Herculis ad postem fixis, latet abditus agro.' Though never leader of the Opposition, he might well be called a 'thunderbolt of war,' and was, at all events, 'Lieutenant-General to the Earl of Mar.' Í used to think, sir, that he would never let them get through the letter A of schedule A. The rottenest borough had its Thermopylæ. The ground was disputed street by street, where there were any streets, and inch by inch where there were none. I believe even Petersfield had its barricades and its glorious days. Methinks I see Croker now defending the bridge of Appleby with all the ardour of Horatius Cocles, against a whole battalion of Reformers, and now leading on the forlorn hope in a fierce and fruitless onslaught upon Gateshead. How different were such feats as those from the dull drills and pacific parades of modern times! If I had a say in the matter, sir, I'd bring the Government to their marrow-bones before the end of April.” (Great laughter.) “Here,” said Sir George, “our conversation was suddenly brought to an end by my communicative friend arriving at his destination. The omnibus stopped, my friend got out, and we never met again.” (Continued laughter.)
19.–Treaty between Holland and Belgium signed at London ; to the latter kingdom were assigned the limits she possessed in 1790, with the addition of Luxembourg.
20.—The “London Equitable Loan Com. pany, of Glasgow," having advertised the Duke of Wellington as one of their patrons, the Duke writes to Mr. P. Mackenzie that he thinks them a gang of swindlers.
22.-Died, aged 42, Thomas Haynes Bayly, a popular song writer.
23.–Numerous petitions presented to Parliament in favour of Mr. Rowland Hill's Penny Postage scheme.
24.–The Marquis of Lansdowne entertains her Majesty at Lansdowne House.
25.–The Bengal army march with Shah Soojah into Candahar, the western capital of Affghanistan, and are favourably received by the people. Major Todd was despatched from this place on a mission to Herat. The army recommenced its march on the 27th June, the two months' halt being mainly occupied in the task of provisioning the troops.
29.-Stirling Peerage Case. Commenced at Edinburgh, before the High Court of Justiciary, the trial of Alexander Humphreys, or Alexander Stirling, styling himself Earl of Stirling, charged with forging, using, and uttering documents. The first document was an extract from a pretended charter, by Charles I., in favour of William, first Earl of Stirling, conveying to him the whole of Nova Scotia, and a large portion of Canada, with powers to create baronets. Mr. Humphreys, as representing the above Earl of Stirling, raised two actions against private parties, which were dismissed. Ile was then
served heir to the Earl of Stirling in right of his mother, and sought infeoffment of certain lands claimed. Upon this, the Officers of State in Scotland took measures to reduce the service and infeoffment; and the pleas of Mr. Humphreys not being considered satisfactory by the Lord Ordinary (Cockburn), he was called on to produce further proof. This he sought to supply by an old map of Canada, on the back of which was written what purported to be extracts from the charter of King Charles, these extracts having been made, it was alleged, in 1707 by a person who had seen the originals in Canada. There were also various certificates attached to the map, bearing the names of Louis XV. and Fénélon, the Bishop of Nismes. This document, Humphreys alleged, was given him by Malle. Le Normand, a fortune-teller in Paris. Various other documents mentioned in the libel were found to have come from the same quarter. The trial lasted four days, during which the most eminent experts in France and Britain were examined concerning the documents. The prisoner's counsel, Mr. Patrick Robertson, made a feeling and eloquent speech on his behalf. The jury found the documents on the map forged, but that it was not proved that the prisoner forged them, or uttered them knowing them to be forged. The other documents they found were not proven to be forged, or uttered by the prisoner knowing them to be forged. On the verdict being pronounced, the prisoner fell into the arms of his friend, Colonel D'Aguilar, who had accompanied him daily into court. Lord Meadowbank pronounced judgment, and assoilzied the prisoner.
29.-Chartist riot at Llanidloes, Wales. The " Trewythen Arms" inn ransacked, and the inmates expelled. The mob were armed with guns, pistols, and pikes, and seemed to be, for a while, in entire possession of the town.
30.-Lord Brougham proposes, but afterwards withdraws, a motion to disallow certain Ordinances relating to the liberty of the press in Malta, founded on a report presented by the special commissioners, Mr. Geo. C. Lewis and Mr. John Austin.
May 1-The ship Tory leaves England with the first company of emigrants for New Zealand.
3.-Lord John Russell appears at the bar of the House with a Royal Message, recommending the Commons to consider such measures as might be submitted to them for promoting the union of the two Provinces of Canada.
- The House of Lords dismiss the appeal in the Auchterarder case, and affirm the judg. ment of the court below. Lord Brougham and the Lord Chancellor spoke at casisiderable length.
- Cheltenham Theatre destroyed by fire.
- Government issues a proclamation empowering magistrates to apprehend all persons illegally assembled for drilling, or meeting
armed with bludgeons in a manner calculated to cause breaches of the peace.
4.-The opium in the British factories at China having been all delivered up, Captain Elliott, with some difficulty, obtains the release of the merchants and others held in confinement under the orders of Commissioner Lin.
- The Duke of Newcastle dismissed from the Lord-Lieutenancy of Nottingham, for refusing to make additions to the Commission of the Peace recommended by the Lord Chancellor, because the parties were not of his opinions in politics, and did not belong to the Established Church.
- The Rt. Hon. J. Abercromby announces his intention of retiring from the Speakership of the House of Commons.
5.-Mehemet Ali, claiming hereditary power in Syria, takes the field against the Sultan.
6.-Debate in the House of Commons on the Government proposal to suspend the constitution in Jamaica, because the Assembly there had refused to adopt the Prisons Act passed by the Imperial Legislature. The technical question before the House was, “That the Speaker do now leave the chair.” The debate was protracted till 2 A. M., when the division showed a Ministerial majority against Sir R. Peel's amendment of only 5 in a House of 583.
- In the Court of Exchequer, Lord Abinger delivers judgment in the case of the Canadian prisoners. The Court were of opinion that the return to the writ of habeas corpus was a sufficient and valid return, and, therefore, that the prisoners must be remanded to their former custody. The Court was not called upon to pro. nounce an opinion as to whether the prisoners had been legally sentenced to transportation or not, as her Majesty's Government would be advised on that subject; but it was clear they had pleaded guilty to the crime of high treason in Upper Canada, and therefore, if the sentence of transportation was irregular, and the prisoners wished to avail themselves of that irregularity, they might be again indicted, and put upon their trial for high treason in this country. Under all the circumstances, the Court felt bound to discharge the writ of habeas corpus, and to order that the prisoners be remanded to their former custody.
7.-The Duke of Wellington and Sir Robert Peel have an audience of her Majesty this afternoon, on the business, as was currently reported, of the formation of a new Ministry.
- Lord Melbourne in the Lords, and Lord John Russell in the Commons, announce the resignation of Ministers in consequence of the vote on the Jamaica Bill--a measure requiring more than ordinary support and confidence, but which had met with less than was usually accorded to them.
8.-Henry Vincent, delegate to the Chartist National Convention, arrested on the charge of inciting to riot at Newport,
8.- On the recommendation of Lord Mel to your Majesty's personal comfort and happibourne, the Queen sends for the Duke of Wel ness, and to the promotion of the public welfare." lington to assist her in the formation of a Government. The Duke explains that, as the
11.-The Melbourne Ministry recalled. At principal difficulty of a new Ministry would be
a Cabinet meeting the following minute was in the House of Commons, he would recom
adopted :-“Her Majesty's confidential sermend that Sir Robert Peel should be at once
vants having taken into consideration the letter consulted. This was immediately done, and
addressed to her Majesty by Sir Robert Peel Sir Robert intimated that though he was not
on the roth of May, and the reply of Sir Robert insensible to the difficulties that might beset a
Peel of the same day, are of opinion that, for new Government, yet having been a party to the
the purpose of giving to the Administration that vote of the House which led to those difficulties,
character of efficiency and stability, and those nothing would prevent him from giving her
marks of the constitutional support of the Majesty every assistance in his power. In the
Crown which are required to enable it to act evening Sir Robert submitted to her Majesty
usefully to the public service, it is reasonable the names of the Duke of Wellington, the Earl
that the great officers of the Court, and situaof Aberdeen, Lords Lyndhurst, Ellenborough,
tions in the Household held by Members of and Stanley, Sir James Graham, Sir Henry Har
Parliament, should be included in the political dinge, and Mr. Goulburn, as colleagues with
| arrangements made in a change in the Adminiswhom he was prepared to act. To these col
tration; but they are not of opinion that a leagues, as Sir Robert Peel afterwards explained,
similar principle should be applied or extended he mentioned that in all the subordinate appoint
to the offices held by ladies in her Majesty's ments in the Household, below the rank of a
Household.” Lady of the Bedchamber, he would propose no - Meeting of the Society for the Protection change to her Majesty; and that in the superior of Religious Liberty. The Duke of Sussex class he took it for granted the holders would congratulated the country on the return of the at once resign their offices.
Liberal party to power.
- The literature of the Ministerial crisis 9.-During an interview with the Queen,
receives to-day an addition of a kind not so Sir Robert Peel states that it would be of great
common thirty years ago as now, in the form importance as an indication of her confidence if certain offices of the Household of the higher
of an account, by a correspondent of the Spec
tator, of a dreadful shipwreck in a calm sea ; rank, which might not be voluntarily relinquished by the ladies holding them, were sub
“one of those awful visitations of Providence ject to some change. Her Majesty stated in
which occasionally arise to cast a shadow over reply that she must reserve the whole of these
the spirit of human enterprise." The conduct
of the crew is thus set forth :-RICE: “If she appointments for herself.
did not leak so confoundedly, I should feel - The Globe, a Ministerial paper, announces equally satisfied. But don't you think-to put * The determination which it is well known it merely as a matter of personal safety, and her Majesty has taken, not to allow the change not (God knows) that I care a button about the in the Government to interfere with the ladies
property of our employers-don't you think, of her Court, has given great offence to the somehow- " (boat strikes again). RUSSELI. Tories."
(Chief Mate): “I only think that we are
getting too near to this infernal island. 'Bout 10.- The Queen to Sir Robert Peel: “The
ship there ! d'ye hear? you at the helm !” Queen, having considered the proposal made
THE Fish (in choice Punic---from behind) : to her yesterday by Sir Robert Peel, to re
“Maning me, sir ? And is it turning of me tail move the Ladies of her Bedchamber, cannot
again that your honour will see me, before I consent to a course which she conceives to be
git me biscuit and me grog? Isn't it me that's contrary to usage, and is repugnant to her feel
making this splash now, and that's laving the
sea behind me in such an iligant manner : - Sir Robert Peel to the Queen: “Having and what would your honour do widout me?" had the opportunity through your Majesty's RUSSELL: “Throw that beast something, d'ye gracious consideration of reflecting upon this hear?” “Ay, ay, sir.” HOWICK (as they point, he humbly submits to your Majesty that approach): “What do you say-suppose we he is reluctantly compelled by a sense of public were to land ? I don't wish to say anything to duty, and of the interests of your Majesty's ser vex our mate, but it will not be denied that vice, to adhere to the opinion which he ven the boat is going down.” RUSSELL (in great tured to express to your Majesty. He trusts wrath): “Who says going down ? My boat he may be permitted at the same time to ex -built with these hands--going down! Sir, press to your Majesty his grateful acknowledg she can't go down—I defy her ! (Ship graduments for the distinction which your Majesty ally sinking, in a manner particularly apparent conferred upon him by requiring his advice and to those on shore, who raise ironical cheers.) assistance in the attempt to form an Adminis No, no, she can't go down." HOLLAND : tration, and his earnest prayer that whatever | Yet perhaps we could get a little nearer to arrangements your Majesty may be enabled to the shore, in case of accident. If forced at Take for that purpose may be most conducive last (which God forbid) to land among these people, we could easily protest we loved them, My impression decidedly was, that I should and had always intended this visit. They not appear to the country to be in possesmight maul us a little, perhaps, after all our sion of that confidence; and that impression rogueries—yet even that's better than drown I could not overcome; and upon that iming, you know. At all events, I suspect we pression I resolved to act. Who were my shall gain nothing further by stopping here. political opponents ? Why, of the two I have In the first place, here are these waves playing named, one, the Marquis of Normanby, was the very devil with the boat; then there's that | publicly stated to be a candidate for the very beast behind, grabbing all our biscuits; and same office which it was proposed I should fill, vis-à-vis we have those incensed natives, ready namely, the office of Prime Minister. The to tear us to pieces, some say. A pretty situation, other noble lord has been designated as the by G-!” “RUSSELL (with all the spurious leader of this House ; and I know not why his dignity of a little man in a dilemma of his talents might not justify his appointment, in own making): “I regard, sir, with perfect case of the retirement of his predecessor. Is satisfaction the present posture of affairs. I it possible-I ask you to go back to other am persuaded that this cockboat is working times ; take Pitt, or Fox, or any other gradually a great and useful change. (Boat Minister of this proud country, and answer for swain announces another leak.) † think our yourselves this question is it fitting that one present situation so satisfactory, that, for my | man shall be the Minister, responsible for the part, I wish to cast anchor exactly where we most arduous charge that can fall to the lot of are, neither further from the sea nor nearer man, and that the wife of the other--that other to the shore than we find ourselves at this his most formidable political enemy-shall, moment. My advice is, that we remain in this with his express consent, hold office in immesituation for the term of our natural lives. diate attendance on the Sovereign? Oh no! (Boatswain announces a new hole in the boat's I felt it was impossible ; I could not consent bottom; water heard rushing in.) Yes, I to this. Yes, feelings more powerful than know all about that. You'll say the water is | reasoning on those precedents told me that it coming in. Well, sir, what then ?—Sir, in was not for my own honour or the public scanning the general scope' of this boat, I and interests that I should consent to be Minister my partners, you must know, always con of England. The public interests may suffer sidered that the water would have as fair a nothing by my abandonment of that high trust; prospect as any other element of obtaining a the public interests may suffer nothing by my position in it; and guided, sir, by those eternal exclusion from power ; but the public principles which I have ever--" (sudden and interests would suffer, and I should be abantotal immersion of the cockboat, amidst the doning my duty to myself, my country, and, most horrible yells of triumphant execration above all, to the Queen my sovereign, if I were ever heard on this coast). “Friday afternoon. to consent to hold power on conditions which --I break open my letter to announce the I felt to be—which I had the strongest convicextraordinary fact, that, after three days' im tion were incompatible with the authority and mersion, the bodies have been seen this after. with the duty of a Prime Minister."- In the noon floating on the water, and that the vital Upper House, Lord Melbourne said: “I spark is not extinct! Four o'clock. - The men frankly declare that I resume office unequilive, and are swimming for their lives. Five vocally and solely for this reason, that I will o'clock.–They are trying to reach this shore. not abandon my Sovereign in a situation of What will the natives do with them?”.
difficulty and distress, and especially when a
demand is made upon her Majesty with which 12.-Outbreak in Paris and attack by the
I think she ought not to comply-a demand rioters on the Conciergerie and Hôtel de Ville. The National Guard speedily mustered in great
inconsistent with her personal honour, and numbers, destroyed the barricades, and seized
which, if acquiesced in, would render her
reign liable to all the changes and variations of the more prominent disturbers of the peace. About 100, it was reported, were killed. This
political parties, and make her donestic life rising had the effect of terminating a ministerial
one constant scene of unhappiness and dis
comfort." crisis of some weeks' duration, Marshal Soult at once placing himself at the head of affairs.
13.-The small remnant of the Chartist Na
tional Convention removes its sittings from 13.--Explanations in the House of Com | London to Birmingham. They were met at inons, by Lord John Russell and Sir Robert the railway by a mob of about 5,000 people, Peel, regarding the Ministerial crisis. The and conducted through the principal streets, latter explained his position with reference to to the great terror of peaceable people. At the Ladies of the Bedchamber. Frankly ad their first meeting a majority of the delegates mitting that his difficulties were neither Canada adopted a manifesto, urging their supporters nor Jamaica, but Ireland, Sir Robert pro to withdraw any money they might have in ceeded : “Would it be considered by the banks, to deal exclusively with Chartists, to public that a Minister had the confidence rest a “sacred month” from all labour, and to of the Crown when the relatives of his prepare themselves with the arms of freemen immediate political opponents held the highest to defend themselves. In the Northern Star offices about the person of the Sovereign ? Feargus O'Connor urged that their memorial to