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when they return to the exercise of their cooler

judgment, perceive that the intemperate course 1839.

which they have pursued is ill-calculated to promote the professed object of the meeting,

or to lessen those social evils the existence of January 1.—The Earl of Norbury shot

which they deplore." when walking in the shrubbery near his own house, Kilbeggan, county of Meath. The

11.-Earthquake at Martinique, almost enassassin was seen to escape, but in the con tirely destroying Fort Royal. fusion managed to elude his pursuers ; nor was 13.-Duel between Lord Londonderry and his identity ever ascertained. A statement cur Mr. Grattan. Shots were exchanged without rent at the time, that the ground from which the

effect. shot was fired showed the print of a well-made

14.–Commenced in the Court of Queen's boot, gave rise to much wild speculation as to

Bench, the arguments of counsel in the case of the person and motive of the murderer. A re

the twelve Canadian prisoners brought from ward of 1,000!. with an annuity of 100l. was

Liverpool, where they were in custody of the offered for his discovery.

gaoler, to London, on writs of habeas corpus 2.-A correspondent of the Times men granted by Mr. Justice Littledale. For the tions that the authorities of London University prisoners it was contended, that there had been having intimated they could no longer tolerate no legal conviction; that it was an old-estabthe absurd and indecent mummeries of animal | lished maxim. of law that no man could suffer magnetism, Dr. Elliotson had tendered his re- punishment by his own consent, or by contract; signation.

and the authority to inflict punishment must be 7.-Violent hurricane experienced over the

derived, not from the prisoner's consent, but

from undoubted law ; that in the case of the kingdom generally, but most destructive on the west coast and in Ireland. The Pennsylvania,

prisoners, the Governor of Upper Canada had

no such authority; that the privilege of pardon St. Andrew's, Lockwood, and many other vessels

in cases of high treason and murder was exwrecked, with great loss of life. The Edin

pressly denied to Colonial Governors, and burgh and Carlisle mail coach blown off the road near Selkirk.

retained for the Sovereign ; that it would be In Liverpool and neigh

most impolitic to empower a Colonial Governor bourhood, about 100 lives were lost; and throughout the south of Scotland most of the

to make bargains with prisoners, to impose con

ditions of commutation of punishment; that towns presented the appearance of having suf

such a contract was illegal; that the Governor fered a severe cannonading. The wooden road

of Upper Canada, who could not transport a way of the Menai bridge was torn up and car

prisoner to Bermuda, or to Calcutta, had no ried away by the fury of the tempest. The anemometer of the Birmingham Philosophical

authority to send him to Van Diemen's Land ;

that even supposing the power to transport Institution showed that the pressure had risen from 2 lbs. per foot on Saturday night to 30 lbs.

existed, the transportation had not been legally

conducted, inasmuch as the prisoners had been per foot on Monday morning.

transferred first to the Sheriff of Quebec, and - The French Academy reports on the in then to the gaoler at Liverpool, neither of vention of M. Daguerre, by which the pictures whom had power to detain them; and the of the camera lucida are rendered permanent. Governor of Lower Canada took upon himself

10.—The magistrates of King's County meet to forward the prisoners to England, though in the Court-house of Tullamore to take into possessing no legal authority over them. Lord consideration the disturised state of the country, Denman delivered the decision of the Judges particularly with reference to the murder of the on the 21st, atfirming the right of a single Earl of Norbury. Lengthy political speeches

Judge in vacation to issue writs of habeas were delivered by Lord Oxmantown, who pre

corpus, but on the other points was hostile sided, and Lord Charleville. Resolutions ex to the prisoners. The Court was of opinion, pressive of “horror and indignation” at the that in passing the law by which the prisoners' murder, and of condolence with Lord Norbury's sentence was commuted by their own consent family under “this dreadful and awful cala from death to transportation, the Legislature of mity" were passed unanimously. In acknow Upper Canada had not exceeded its powers ; ledging receipt of the resolution, the Lord

and that the officers of the Government, in Lieutenant caused Mr. Secretary Drummond

carrying the sentence of transportation into to write : “ While his Excellency is disposed effect, had not transgressed the law except in to make allowance for the excited feelings pro one instance, where the name of the prisoner duced by the recent melancholy occurrence, he

was not inserted in the mandatory part of the cannot but lament that a body of magistrates,

return. called together as such, and presided over by the 15.-An extreme Chartist party being anxious lord-lieutenant of their county, should have so to force on the question of Universal Suffrage far forgotten the object of their meeting as to in preference to the Corn Laws, Feargus O'Conconvert it into a display of political feeling ; nor made an unsuccessful attempt to-day at the and his Excellency believes that those who Leeds meeting to carry a resolution : “That took a prominent part in the proceedings will, we consider all restrictions upon the importation of foreign grain as unjust in principle and Pebruary 1.--Case of Lady Flora Hastings. injurious in its effects ; nevertheless we are of Lord Melbourne informs Sir James Clark, opinion that no salutary alteration can be made M.D., that a communication has been made by in the present system until those for whose Lady Tavistock respecting Lady Flora Hastings benefit the change is contemplated shall have a (in the Duchess of Kent's household), whose voice in the choice of those Representatives to appearance had given rise to a suspicion in the whom shall be entrusted the power of prevent | Palace that she might have been privately maring the recurrence of so great an evil as the ried. Sir James stated, that while deprecating present Corn Law."- At Birmingham the such suspicions he was bound to admit that Chartists were successful in carrying their re- Lady Flora's appearance in some degree counsolution in opposition to the Anti-Corn-Law tenanced them, but would not venture to give party who had called the meeting.

an opinion without more ample means of ob

servation than she had permitted. On the 16th 15.--A Special Commission opened at Clon

Sir James acquaints Lady Flora with the exinel for the trial of various persons charged

isting suspicions, when she stated that for these with murder, and other Whiteboy offences.

suspicions there was not the slightest ground. 18.—Three lives lost on the ice at Dud. After the interview with Lady Flora, it redingstone Loch, Edinburgh.

mained for me," writes Sir James Clark, “to 19.-The Sultan refusing to fulfil his en

communicate what had passed to her Royal gagements regarding the cession of Aden, the

Highness the Duchess of Kent. I therefore place is bombarded and taken to-day by a

informed Lady Flora that I was going to her naval and military force under Captain H.

Royal Highness for that purpose : to the proSmith, of the Vólage. This was the first

priety of this Lady Flora immediately assented. occasion in which her Majesty's forces by sea

I accordingly went to the Duchess of Kent, and land were engaged in warfare together.

and stated the nature of the interview I had

had with Lady Flora. Her Royal Highness 20.-The Chilians defeat the Peruvians immediately expressed her entire disbelief of under Santa Cruz, at Yungay.

anything injurious to Lady Flora's character, 21.-Anti-Corn-Law meeting at Manchester, and she asked me my opinion. However reattended by many members of Parliament and luctant I felt to express any doubts on the extensive manufacturers.- Writing to-day to subject after Lady Flora's declaration, I could his Stroud constituents, Lord John Russell not decline giving a conscientious reply to her said: “I gave my support to the Bill of 1829, Royal Highness's question; and I answered to considering it an improvement on the former the effect that the suspicions I previously enterprohibitory system ; but it is my opinion that tained were not removed. In the course of the a moderate fixed duty would be more advan

evening of the day on which I made the comtageous, not only to trade and manufactures, munication to Lady Flora Hastings, I received but likewise to agriculture, than our present

a note from her Ladyship, of which the followfluctuating scale. It is desirable not to alter ing is a copy :- Saturday. -Sir, although I too frequently the laws by which the direction think you perfectly understood me this mornof capital and the channels of industry are

ing, that I did not wish you to take any steps regulated ; but it is also desirable not to main without hearing from me, it is perhaps better tain a system of duties which, as experience

to obviate the possibility of any mistake that I has shown, increases the high prices of dear should distinctly say so. I shall be governed years to the consumer, and depresses the low entirely by her Royal Highness's wishes and prices of cheap years to the producer. I give orders. —Yours sincerely, FLORA ELIZ. HASTyou this as my individual opinion ; but it is INGS.'-I heard nothing more on the subject one which I shall be ready to support by my

till the afternoon of the following day (Sunday, vote in the House of Commons.”

February 17th), when I received another note - In the Arches Court Sir H. Jenner

from Lady Flora, of which the following is a Fust gives judgment in the case promoted by

copy :-'Sir, by her Royal Highness's comCapt. Grant against his wife, for adultery with

mand, I have written to ask Sir Charles Clarke

to name an hour this afternoon to come to me. Capt. Vincent. Separation granted.

He has answered my note by coming, and is - Great Anti-Corn-Law meeting held in

now here. Could you come and meet him ?Edinburgh, presided over by the Lord Provost,

Yours sincerely, F. E. HASTINGS.'-On reSir Jamez Forrest.

ceiving this note, I immediately went to Lady 22.- The Queen goes in state to Drury Lane

Flora, and found Sir Charles with her LadyTheatre.

ship. He stated to me, in Lady Flora's pre- The Molé Ministry resign, but after an

sence, as part of the conversation he had had interregnum of a fortnight, during which various

with her, that he urged her, if there were any attempts were made by Marshal Soult and

grounds for the suspicions entertained, to admit others to form a Cabinet, the old officials were

the fact now, as after the examination it would recalled by the King.

be too late. After this conversation, Lady

Flora r'quested that Lady Portman might be 28.-Died, aged 86, Sir William Beechey, called in. On her arrival, Lady Flora retired R.A.

to her chanber, where her maid was in attende circle.

ance. After Sir Charles Clarke had made an Lord Brougham made a bitter attack on examination, he returned with me to the sitting O'Connell, for insinuating at a public meet. room, and stated, as the result, that there could ing in Dublin' that Lord Norbury had been be no pregnancy; but at the same time he ex assassinated by his own son.—The Member pressed a wish that I also should make an for Dublin retaliated in the Commons. He de. examination. This I at first declined, stating spised the malignity of the attack, and sought to it to be unnecessary; but, on his earnestly demonstrate its falsehood. “I admit,” he said, urging me to do so, I felt that a further refusal “I should ask myself what right I have to commight be construed into a desire to shrink from plain when even maiden modesty cannot protect a share of the responsibility, and I accordingly her who holds the highest station in the empire yielded. After finally consulting, we gave the from the obscene slanders of those who have following certificate : Buckingham Palace, dared to pollute her name by coupling it with an 17th February, 1839.-We have examined insinuation too base to mention. The sycophant with great care the state of Lady Flora Hast of one monarch and the slanderer of another, I ings, with a view to determine the existence or admit that a charge coming from so foul and pol. non-existence of pregnancy, and it is our opinion, luted a source is best treated when it is despised. although there is an enlargement of the stomach, He may call himself the ‘Friend of the People;' that there are no grounds for suspicion that preg he may be the enemy of the Throne : I don't nancy does exist, or ever did exist.—(Signed) envy him the notoriety which he has acquired CHARLES M. CLARKE, M.D.; JAMES CLARK, in either character."-An amendment on the M.D.'-Before parting with Lady Flora, both Address in the Commons relating to the imSir Charles Clarke and myself pressed upon her proved representation of the people, moved Ladyship the expediency of her appearing on by Mr. Duncombe, was negatived by 426 to 86 that day at table as usual."

votes. 3.-Kurrachee bombarded and taken by the 8.-In consequence of a re-arrangement of British.

offices having been resolved upon without his 4.-The Baptist missionaries of Jamaica

knowledge, Lord Glenelg intimates that he had address the Governor on the willingness of the

resigned the seals of the Colonial Office. He blacks to work, if reasonable wages are given,

was succeeded by Lord Normanby. and describe their own sect as distinguished in 9.-Discovery of the Balleny Islands, a the island by “the misrepresentations and group of five, in lat. 66° 22' of the Antarctic calumnies of unreasonable and wicked men.”

5.–Parliament opened by the Queen in per 11.--Lord Durham's report on the affairs of son. The attendance of Peers and Peeresses British North America, with accompanying both in the body of the House and in the correspondence, laid on the table of the House strangers' gallery was observed to be unusually of Lords by Lord Melbourne. The late High numerous. Referring to the engagements with

Commissioner described at great length, and Affghanistan, “events,” said her Majesty in with admitted ability, the contest between the the Royal Speech, "have induced the Governor French and English races in Lower Canada, General of India to take measures for protecting their utter incompatibility of character and British interests in that quarter of the world, implacable hatred of each other; noticed the and to enter into engagements the fulfilment of struggle which had so long existed between which may render military operations necessary." the House of Assembly and the Executive Regarding Canada, it was with deep concern Government, the complicated distraction of her Majesty acquainted “my Lords and Gentle Upper Canada, and the evils still unremedied, men" that “the province of Lower Canada has grievances unredressed, and abuses unreformed again been disturbed by insurrection, and hos at this hour. The concluding portion of the tile incursions have been made into Upper Report was occupied with the consideration Canada by certain lawless inhabitants of the and suggestion of remedial measures, the United States of America." The Speech con first of which was the early restoration of the tained the following allusion to the Chartist | Union of the Canadas-one Province with one agitation :-"I have observed with pain the Legislature.” persevering efforts which have been made in

12.-Lord John Russell announces the insome parts of the country to excite my subjects

tention of Government to constitute a Board to disobedience and resistance to the law, and

of Education, consisting of five Privy Councilto recommend dangerous and illegal practices.

lors, and to place at its disposal from 20,000l. For the counteraction of all such designs I de

to 30,000l. per annum for aid to schools. pend upon the efficacy of the law, which it will be my duty to enforce, upon the good sense

This scheme was abandoned later in the

session, and the National Society and British and right disposition of my people, upon their attachment to the principles of justice, and

and Foreign Bible Society allowed to divide their abhorrence of violence and disorder."

between them such grant as was given. (See

June 3.) The measures promised to be brought forward related to Irish municipal corporations, the

14.-In the Court of Queen's Bench, Barnard Ecclesiastical Commission, and law reform. Gregory, of the Satirist, was found guilty of a la the debate on the Address in the Lords, | libel on Mrs. Hogg, the wife of the M. P. for

offensive.

Beverley, in so far as it stated that she had two Roebuck received his opponent's fire, and dishusbands living, and had formed an improper charged his own pistol in the air. He then intimacy with a friend of Lord Byron's. There apologized to Lord Powerscourt, saying that did not appear to be the slightest foundation he did not mean to imply anything personally for the calumnies. Sentence, three months' imprisonment.

28.--Lord Lyndhurst draws the attention 15.--Five of the Canadian rebels executed

of the House of Lords to a speech made on at Montreal.

the Irish Tithe Bill by Lord Ebrington, in 18.-Lord Brougham proposes that the

which he was reported to have said, “Al

though I do not approve of the bill, I shall petitions in favour of the abolition of the Corn

vote for it, as it will render the war now Laws be referred to a committee of the whole

raging in Ireland against the Protestant Church House, and that evidence be heard at the bar.

more formidable." Lord Lyndhurst wished The motion was negatived without a division.

to know whether Lord Melbourne was aware - Explosion of fire-damp in the William of these observations when he appointed Lord coal pit, Cumberland, and loss of twenty-three Ebrington to the office of Lord-Lieutenant of lives.

Ireland.-Lord Melbourne said he was aware 19.-Mr. Villiers' motion that certain parties

of Lord Ebrington's general opinion on the be heard at the bar of the House by wit

Irish Church, but he knew nothing of any nesses, agents, or counsel, in support of the

particular expression used which could disallegations of their petitions against the Corn

qualify him for the office to which he was apLaws, rejected by 361 to 172 votes.

pointed. -An altercation then arose between

the Marquis of Lansdowne and Lord Lyndhurst. 20.—Sir Herbert Jenner Fust gives judgment

Lord Lansdowne referred to Lord Lyndhurst's In the long-pending case respecting the will and “alien ” speech ; remarking, that if any man codicil of the late James Wood of Gloucester.

was more interested than another in preventing The effect of the decision, which set aside both

a particular expression from being made a disdocuments, was to make over the personal

qualification for office, that nobleman was Lord property, amounting to nearly one million

Lyndhurst.–To this taunt Lord Lyndhurst sterling, to two second cousins as next of kin,

replied, that he was not ashamed of the exwhile testator's real property, valued at 250,000l.

pression, which had been explained over and passed to the heir-at-law, who was no party to

over again ; but with respect to Lord Ebringihe cause, and not even known. Notice of

ton's words, he would not allow it to be supappeal was given.

posed that they might not have been used by 23.-Mr. John Frost of Monmouth, not him. They appeared in a corrected report; having disavowed the language attributed to they were commented upon in the debate ; him, " that if Lord John Russell struck his they had been heard by persons whom he had name off the magistracy the people would put consulted ; and he was sure Lord Ebrington it on again,” the Secretary of State for the himself would not deny them.-Lord Holland Home Department recommends the Lord maintained, that as it was one of the main Chancellor to issue a new commission for principles of the Bill of Rights that freedom the borough in which the name of Mr. Frost of speech should not be questioned out of should not be included.

Parliament, the attempt to make a speech

delivered in the House of Commons a dis25.–The Government Ecclesiastical Duties

qualification for office was unconstitutional.and Revenues Bill read a second time in the

Lord Wicklow said that was not the question.House of Commons. It was proposed to

Lord Holland rose to order : there was no quesreduce cathedral establishments to one dean,

tion.--Lord Brougham interrupted Lord Holfour prebendaries, and four canons, and with

land : he moved Lord Holland : “You the funds thus obtained to raise all livings in

can't move, while I'm speaking to order.” — England and Wales to the annual value of

Lord Brougham : “Well, now I may move

an adjournment. We have been out of order, 26.—The Chinese authorities at Canton no doubt ; but not more disorderly than we execute a reputed smuggler in front of the have been every other night of the session.” British factories, avowedly with the view of Lord Brougham proceeded to controvert Lord terrifying the opium traders, but really, as ex Holland's constitutional doctrines. It was, he plained by Captain Elliott, with the design of argued, a most absurd mistake to suppose degrading foreign residents.

that the term “ questioned ” meant anything 27.-Mr. Serjeant Talsourd's Copyright Bill

in the Bill of Rights except an indictment, read a second time by 73 to 37 votes.

impeachment, or prosecution. The words in

the context, “any other court or place,” 28.-Duel at Combe Wood, between Lord proved that. In fact, this interpretation had Powerscourt, M.P., and Mr. Roebuck, in never been questioned except in a factious vote consequence of the latter, in a speech at Bath, of the House of Commons, by which a Mr. having charged the former with using his name Jones was imprisoned for propounding a ques"at some drunken exhibition,” in “a way | tion relating to Members of the House. Both that no gentleman would have done.” Mr. Mr. Canning and Mr. Huskisson agreed that

3001.

nothing so absurd had been done by the House honour and justice, not to suffer the criminal of Commons.-Lord Holland still maintained, inventor of such falsehoods to remain withthat before anything could be founded on the out discovery.The letter was entrusted for expressions attributed to Lord Ebrington, it presentation to Lord Melbourne, who replied : would be necessary to ascertain that he really * The allowance which her Majesty is anxious used them, and that would be a “questioning", to make for the natural feelings of a mother of the proceedings in the other House.-Lord upon such an occasion tended to diminish that Strangford reminded Ministers of the successful surprise which could not but be otherwise than opposition to Lord Londonderry's appoint excited by the tone and substance of your ment, founded on a speech delivered in Parlia Ladyship's letter. Her Majesty commands ment.-Lord Brougham subsequently with me to convey to your Ladyship the expression drew his motion, and the subject dropped. of her deep concern at the unfortunate circum

stances which have recently taken place. Her March 4.-An attempt made to injure Majesty hastened to seize the first opportunity Madame Vestris, by sending her a box filled of testifying to Lady Flora Hastings her conwith explosive matter. The design was frus viction of the error of the impression which trated by a carpenter at the theatre forcing the had prevailed : and her Majesty is still most lid in instead of out.

desirous to do everything in her power to 5.-Three prisoners tried at Cavan for at

soothe the feelings of Lady Flora and her

family, which must have been painfully affected tempting to assassinate the Rev. M. P. Beres

by the events which have occurred." ford, when proceeding to church on the 22d of

The

Marchioness then demanded the removal of July last. The principal of the gang was sen

Sir James Clark as physician to her Majesty : tenced to transportation for life.

“A demand” (wrote Lord Melbourne) “SO - With reference to the Palace scandal, unprecedented and objectionable, that even the Lady Tavistock writes to-day :-“When I respect due to your Ladyship's sex, rank, went to Buckingham Palace, at the end of family, and character would not justify me in January, to attend upon the Queen, I found more, if indeed it authorizes so much, than strong suspicions of an unpleasant nature ex acknowledging that letter for the sole purpose isting there with respect to Lady Flora Hast

of acquainting your Ladyship that I have ings's state of health. It was considered ne

received it.” cessary, for the honour of her Majesty and the character of the Household, that these suspi

8.–Lady Flora writes an account of the cions should not be permitted to continue and

Palace conspiracy to her uncle, Hamilton Fitzspread without some step being taken to put

gerald, at Brussels. “The Queen endeavoured a stop to them. Observing the opinion in to show her regret by her civility to me, and question to be borne out by appearances, and

expressed it handsomely, with tears in her conceiving that Lady Flora might have been

eyes." A mother could not have been kinder privately married, I felt much desire to speak

than the Duchess of Kent. The affair had to her at once upon the subject ; but circum

made her ill, but she was getting round, and stances occurred which prevented my carrying

hoped soon to be better. this wish into effect, and rendered it my pain 9.-Francis Hastings Medhurst stabs a ful duty to inform the Prime Minister of the fellow-pupil, named Alsop, during a quarrel, opinion that had been unfortunately entertained. at the house of their teacher, Mr. Sturmer, of I hope I did so in the most delicate and cau Uxbridge. The coroner's jury found a verdict tious manner, and for this I consider myself of wilful murder, but by the magistrates Medresponsible.”

hurst was committed on the charge of man. - The brothers Edward and Sydney Orford slaughter only. sentenced to twelve months' imprisonment for - Mexico concludes a peace with France at the abduction of Miss Boyd of Alton. Their Vera Cruz. father had been hired to guard the young lady

16.–The Chartists meet at the “ Crown and and her two sisters from the importunities of

Anchor" to promote the cause of the National the brothers Grey.

Petition. O'Connor said, if those in power 7-During a debate in the House of Com were determined to oppose the claims of the mons on the condition of Ireland, O'Connell petitioners by violence, the latter must resist denounces certain Irish members, who had

by force ; while Mr. Julian Harney was detercalumniated their country by supporting a

mined that before the close of the year “the notion for an inquiry as to the increase of

people should have universal suffrage or death.” crime there.

18.- The Imperial Commissioner Lin issues - The Marchioness of Hastings writes to an edict, addressed to all foreigners, prohibiting the Queen praying for further inquiry into the the importation of opium into Chinese ports origin of the suspicions against her daughter, under severe penalties. I am now about to the Lady Flora. “It is my duty respect command the Hong merchants to proceed to fully to call your Majesty's attention to its your factories, to instruct and admonish you. not being more important for my daughter | A term of three days is prescribed for an address than essentially consonant to your Majesty's 1 to be sent in reply to me. And, at the same

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