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and divines of our Church were in 1788, in prefixing their names to the Works of Dr. Lardner, which contained the avowal and defence of all his erroneous opinions."
86.-John Teuton, printer, sentenced to fifteen months imprisonment for attempting to cxtort money from the Marquis of Downshire, by the publication of a pamphlet entitled “ The Secret History,” relating to the late Lady Mary Hill, sister to the Marquis.
- Lord Palmerston instructs Lord Clanricarde to obtain from Count Nesselrode an explanation of the conduct of the Russian officials at the Persian Court.
28.-Severe gale on the east and west coast. Among the more serious of the disasters was the sinking of the Northern Yacht steamboat trading between Leith and Newcastle, with 10 passengers and her entire crew of 13 persons.
November 3.-Madrid declared in a state of siege. In the provinces the most severe retaliatory measures are now being put in force by Carlists and Royalists. Cabrera writes: “I have ordered all the cavalry prisoners to be shot, because they refused to give quarter to 15 volunteers who fell into their hands at the beginning of the action. The number thus shot was 161 ; of whom 2 were captains, 3 lieutenants, 4 sub-lieutenants, 8 first sergeants, 5 second sergeants, 12 corporals, and 132 sol. diers.” Subsequently, Cabrera ordered 55 prisoners, taken at Villamefa, in Arragon, to be shot. On the other side, the National Guard at Murcia massacred 30 Carlist prisoners; and at Alicante two others--all they had — were killed. The authorities at Carthagena saved the lives of the prisoners there by putting them on board ships in the harbour.
4.-Renewal of disturbance in Canada. To-day (Sunday) the rebels made an attack on the Indians of Cochanawaga, who sallied out of the church where they were assembled for Divine Service, repulsed their assailants, and captured seventy prisoners. The insurgents also made an unsuccessful attempt to-day to burn the steamboat Victoria, which had taken a detachment of artillery from Montreal to La Prairie. Frustrated in this design, they marched against the village of Beauharnois, the chief place of the seigniory, and well known as the property of Mr. Edward Ellice, and drove off the inhabitants. Here also they made a prisoner of Mr. Ellice, jun., M.P., Lord Durham's Secretary, who was conveyed along with others to a nunnery at Chateauguay.
7.-Twenty-five men employed on the Plymouth Breakwater drowned in a squall when attempting to pass in an open boat to the Catwater.
8.-Fire at an hotel in Tamworth, and six servants of the house suffocated.
8.-Explosion at Hale's powder-mill, Oare, Faversham, causing the death of three men employed in the works, and another engaged in a field fifty yards distant.
9.–The rebel army in Canada quit their strongholds at Napiersville, and Sir John Colborne concentrates his troops there.
10.-Outrage on the British Minister at Teheran ; M. Semino, an officer who had lately received the rank of General in the Persian service, endeavouring to take forcible possession of a house occupied by Major Todd, overlooking the garden of the Minister. In answer to Mr. M`Neill's report of the transaction, Lord Palmerston directed that a written and formal apology be demanded from the Persian Prime Minister. A week later another insult was offered at Bushire, a forcible entrance being effected into the house of the Residency Shroff (or agent), and the occupant treated with great indignity. For this outrage Lieut.Col. Shiel was instructed to demand satisfaction, and the punishment of the persons chiefly concerned.
12.--O'Connell commences a career of agitation in favour of the establishment of "Precursor ” Societies. To-day he spoke at Tralee, and during the week at Kanturk and Thurles.
- Three fishing-boats upset off the coast of Suffolk. With the exception of one man, the crews, amounting to twenty-nine in number, perished.
15.-Lord Glenelg writes to Lord Durham : “The proclamation of the 9th of October, her Majesty's confidential advisers regard not merely as a deviation from the course which has hitherto been invariably pursued by the governors of the British possessions abroad, but as a dangerous departure from the practice and principles of the constitution. They consider as open to most serious objection an appeal by such an officer to the public at large from measures adopted by the Sovereign, with the advice and consent of Parliament. The terms in which that appeal has in this instance been made, appear to her Majesty's Ministers calculated to impair the reverence due to the Royal authority in the colony, to derogate from the character of the Imperial Legislature, to excite amongst the disaffected hopes of impunity, and to enhance the difficulties with which your Lordship's successor will have to contend. The Ministers of the Crown having humbly submitted this opinion to the Queen, it is my duty to inform you, that I have received her Majesty's commands to signify to you Lordship her Majesty's disapprobation of your proclamation of the 9th of October. Under these circumstances, her Majesty's Government are compelled to admit that your continuance in the government of British North America could be attended with no beneficial results. I presume that before your receipt of this respatch, your Lordship will have delivered over the
government of Lower Canada to Sir John a tomb or headstone, or other monument, Colbore, to whom I shall address the requi without the consent of the rector or vicar, site instructions for his guidance."
or without a faculty for the purpose ; and that 15.-Defeat of Canadian insurgents. To
it is by the 22d Article of the Church of Engday Colonel Dundas reached Prescott from land, agreed upon in 1562, declared that the Kingston, with four companies of the 83d regi
Romish doctrine concerning purgatory, pardon, ment, two 18-pounders, and a howitzer. He
and other things therein mentioned, is "a fond took up his position about 400 yards from the
thing, vainly invented, and grounded upon no windmill; and with his field-pieces opened
warranty of Scripture, but rather repugnant to a sharp fire upon the stone building near
the Word of God ;" that any person erecting, the mil, whilst Captain Sandom with two
or causing to be erected, in the churchyard of 18-pounders in two gunboats fired upon it any parish, any monument, without such confrom the water. After this operation had lasted sent or faculty, ought to be peremptorily moabout an hour, a white flag was hung out from | nished immediately to remove the same ; and the building, and its occupants surrendered
further, that if such monument contain any inthemselves unconditionally to Colonel Dundas.
scription contrary to the doctrine and discipline There were 102 altogether, of whom 16 were
of the Church of England, and to the Articles wounded.
of the said Church, the person or persons so
offending ought not only to be peremptorily 16.-Desiré Rousselle, a native of Brittany,
monished immediately to remove the same, but attempts to assassinate a Frenchman calling
also duly corrected and punished according to himself Charles Louis de Bourbon, Duke of
law ; that the defendant, notwithstanding, did Normandy, a pretended son of Louis XVI.
erect a tomb or headstone in the churchyard of and Marie Antoinette, in the house 21, Clarence
Carisbrooke, to the memory of her husband, Place, Camberwell. Rousselle escaped after
without the consent of the Vicar and without a firing at his victim, but was seized some days
faculty, and that upon such tomb or headstone later lurking about the premises.
were contained, amongst other, the two follow- Raphoe Palace, then unoccupied, de ing inscriptions—"Pray for the soul of J. stroyed by fire.
Woolfrey;” and “It is a holy and wholesome - Died at Paris, in his seventieth year, the
thought to pray for the dead” (2 MacRt. Hon. Robert Cutlar Ferguson, Judge Ad
cabees xii.) ; both which inscriptions were vocate-General and M.P. for the Stewartry of
contrary to the doctrine and discipline of the Kirkcudbright. Mr. Ferguson won a foremost
Church of England, and to the articles, canons, place at the bar, both in England and Calcutta,
and constitutions thereof, and particularly to and was one of the most prominent members
the 22d Article ; that due notice had been of the Reform party in the beginning of the
given to the defendant to remove the stone, century. He was tried along with the Earl of
but she had refused, or neglected to do so, and Thanet for aiding O'Connor in his attempted
that the same still remains, to the great scandal escape from Maidstone Court-house, and sen
and offence of the parishioners and others. tenced to twelve months' imprisonment in the
The prayer was, that the defendant be deKing's Bench.
creed and monished to remove the stone, be
canonically corrected and punished, and con- Treaty of commerce between Great Bri
demned in the costs. Dr. Addams, for the tain and Turkey ratified. British manufactures
defendant, entered into a long argument, and subjected to an ad valorem duty of 3 per cent.,
quoted many authorities, to prove that prayers and 2 per cent. in lieu of all other inland im.
for the dead were neither unscriptural nor con: posts. Charge on shipping entering the Dar
trary to the doctrine or practice of the Church danelles, Bosphorus, and Black Sea, to be
of England, nor necessarily connected with the abolished, and a free transit allowed for goods
Romish doctrine of Purgatory. The Queen's passing through Turkey for exportation.
Advocate spoke on the other side, and moved 17.-As tending somewhat to counteract the Court to issue a “peremptory monition" the proceedings of the High Church party for the removal of the monument. The at Oxford, a proposal is issued to-day from judgment of the Court was postponed. (Sec Magdalen Hall for the erection of a monument Dec. 12.) to Cranmer, Ridley, and Latimer, “who had so large a share in restoring our own branch of
80.–Count Nesselrode acquaints Lord Clanthe Catholic Church to primitive orthodoxy, and
ricarde that Count Simovichhad acted at the who, for the maintenance of the Scriptural
Court of the Shah in a manner entitling Great truths which they embodied in its Articles and Britain to complain, and that the ambassador other formularies, suffered death in this city.” had been in consequence recalled.
19.-Came on in the Arches Court, before - A coroner's jury sitting on the body Sir Herbert Jenner, the case of Breeks v. of Robert Watson, who had strangled himself Woolfrey, a suit brought by letters of request in bed at the “Blue Anchor” tavern, St. Maryfrom the Vicar-General of the Bishop of Win at-Hill, ascertain the details of a career of chester. The articles alleged, that by the laws, more than ordinary interest. Deceased hac customs, and usages of the realm it is for- been at one time secretary to Lord George bilden to erect in the churchyard of any parish Gordon, and was deeply implicated in the
riots of 1780. He afterwards became president for a time to the London Corresponding Society, and on resigning that situation suffered various vicissitudes in foreign countries. Being at Rome in the year 1812, he became acquainted with a person who had in his possession several important documents relating to the Stuart family, and to the secret history of the Papal Government, particularly with respect to its connexion with the exiled royal family. Having made this discovery, Watson communicated it to Lord Castlereagh, who authorized him to procure the documents in question at any price. After much difficulty he succeeded in obtaining them; and a frigate was sent out by the English Government to bring him with the documents to this country. In the meantime, the Papal Government, being apprised of the existence of the documents, seized and set its seal upon them. After much negotiation, the Papal Government consented to give up those portions of the documents that related to the Stuart family and this country, on condition that it should be allowed to retain those papers which referred to its own acts in behalf of the Stuarts. In so far as Watson's death was concerned, the jury returned a verdict of “Temporary derangement.”
21.–Riots at Todmorden, caused by the refusal of Overseer Ingham to collect a rate imposed by the guardians under the New Poor Law. The constables who attempted to execute a distress warrant on Ingham were forced to promise to execute no more warrants, and then stripped and beaten.
22.—In the Court of Queen's Bench Mr. Disraeli, M.P., appeared to receive sentence for a libel on Mr. Austin, a barrister (see June 5), judgment having gone against him by default. Mr. Disraeli said : " As to my offence against the law, I throw myself on your lordships' mercy; as to my offence against the individual, I have made him that reparation which a gentleman should under the circumstances cheerfully proffer, and with which a gentleman should, in my opinion, be cheerfully content. I make this, my lords, not to avoid the consequences of my conduct; for, right or wrong, good or bad, these consequences I am ever prepared to encounter; but because I am anxious to soothe the feelings which I have unjustly injured, and evince my respect to the suggestions of the Bench. But as to my offence against the Bar, I do with the utmost confidence appeal to your lordships, however you may disapprove of my opinionshowever objectionable, however offensive, even however odious they may be to you-that you will not permit me to be arraigned for one offence and punished for another. In a word, my lords, it is to the Bench I look with confidence to shield me from the vengeance of an irritated and powerful profession.” Apology accepted, and prayer for judgment withdrawn.
- To-day, the Attorney-General showed cause against a rule for a criminal information
obtained by the Marquis of Blandford against the publisher of the Satirist newspaper. The Marchioness of Blandford and her children were also parties to the application on which the rule was granted. The complaint against the newspaper was for the publication of a libel impugning the legality of the marriage of Lord Blandford, and the legitimacy of his children by that marriage. The libel alleged that the Marquis of Blandford, in 1817, married Miss Susan Adelaide Law, a young lady of seven teen, residing with her father and mother in Seymour-place, Bryanston-square ; that he had a daughter by her; and took the mother and his child to Scotland, where Miss Law was introduced to the present Marquis of Breadalbane, Sir William Elliot, and Sir Tyrwhitt Jones, as his wife; that subsequently Lord Blandford married the daughter of the Earl of Galloway, and had children by her—the present Earl of Sunderland, and others, who were illegitimate. The affidavit of Lord Blandford, on
which the rule for the criminal information was | obtained, denied that there had been any mar
riage with Miss Law; though the parties had lived together, and 4001. a year had been paid to the lady as an allowance. After consulting with the other judges, Lord Denman said that notwithstanding the misconduct of Lord Blandford, Lady Blandford and the Earl of Sunderland were entitled to have the rule made absolute.
32.—The Common Council of London vote the freedom of the City to be presented in a gold box to the venerable Thomas Clarkson, “as a small but grateful testimonial of the Corporation of London to the public services and worth of one who had the merit of originating, and has the consolation of living to witness, the triumph of the great struggle for the deliverance of the enslaved African from the most oppressive bondage that ever tried the endurance of afflicted humanity, thereby obtaining for his country the high distinction of separating her commercial greatness from principles incompatible with the exercise of the religion of mercy, and achieving a moral victory, whose trophies shall endure while justice, freedom, the clemency of power, and the peaceful glories of civilization shall have a place in the admiration of mankind.”
-- Court-martial assembled at Kingston for trial of Canadian rebels. Nine were sentenced to death, and the others to various periods of banishment.
27.-Count Lobau, Marshal of France, died at Paris, aged 68.
28.-Conference at Birmingham between the “Physical Force” and “Moral Force" Chartists. On the part of the former, Fearg 5 O'Connor explained that his language regarding arming had been misunderstood, and the two parties formally resolved to continue their joint action in favour of the National Petition
29,- Preparatory to the march of the army and careful reflection, and the information that of the Indus into Affghanistan, the Governor I have received within the last few months General makes a ceremonial visit to Runjeet with regard to Canada, make me believe, that Singh at the camp, Ferozepore. He after when Lord Durham shall lay his plans before wards accompanied “the Lion of Lahore” to the Houses of Parliament, I for one shall be his capital. The Bengal army now at Feroze able to give them my most cordial support, and pore consisted of about 9,500 men of all arms. that all real Liberals will equally be able to The levy raised for the immediate service of rally round the noble lord, and with justice, Shah Soojah was then passing through Feroze acknowledge him to be their leader." pore. It comprised two regiments of cavalry, four regiments of infantry, and a troop of horse
4.-Fracas in the Tuileries garden between artillery ; in all about 6,000 men. Runjeet's
Mr. Somers, M.P., and Mr. Wentworth Beautroops were to advance on Cabul from Peshawur mont. Mr. Beaumont's counsel stated in the through the Khyber Pass. As it was designed
Court of Correctional Police that Mr. Somers to deal a blow at the Ameers of Scinde in pass had made a demand for money to suppress a ing, the Company's troops were to proceed in a letter, and, on receiving a refusal, struck his south-westerly direction through the territories client with a whip. Mr. Somers was conof Bahwulpore, crossing near Subzulkote the demned in absence to two years' imprisonment frontier of Scinde, striking down to the banks and a fine of 100 francs. of the Indus, and crossing the river at Bukkur.
- Disturbance at Canton, resulting in the It then took a north-westerly course, passing
stoppage of all trade. The Chinese authorities through Shikarpoor, Bhag, and Dadur" to the
declined negotiation until the opium traffic was mouth of the Bolan Pass; thence through the
abolished. Pass to Quettah, and from Quettah through the Kojuck to Candahar. The troops were under
5.-A woman performed penance at the door the command of Sir John Keane, Commander of Walton Church, by order of the Ecclesiasin-chief of the forces. The crossing of the
tical Court, for defaming the character of a army at Bukkur was ineffectually opposed by neighbour. Meer Roostum,
7.-John Millie, clerk in the Newcastle 30.-Queen Pomaré and the chiefs of Tahiti Savings Bank, found murdered in his office, send a letter to Queen Victoria, praying for the and Archibald Bolam, actuary of the bank, disassistance and protection of England against covered in the same room, apparently insensible the encroachments of French residents on the and slightly injured. Bolam, on recovering, islands under her sway.
sought to fix the crime upon a rough-spoken - The French Government refusing to raise
man who attacked them both, intending to rob a blockade which they had laid on the port of
the bank ; but at the inquest the jury returned Vera Cruz to enforce compensation for injuries
a verdict of wilful murder against himself. said to have been inflicted on French subjects, 12.-Sir Herbert Jenner gives judgment in Mexico makes a declaration of war against that
the case of Breeks v. Woolfrey (see Nov. 19). Power.
“ It appears," said the learned judge, “that the - Lord Durham lands at Plymouth from whole question turned upon the point whether Quebec. Replying to an address presented praying for the dead was necessarily connected next day by the Mayor of Devonport, his lord with the Romish doctrine of Purgatory, so as ship said : '“What relates to myself is of no to make them inseparable. It was the doctrine importance when compared with the interests of Purgatory that the Articles of the Church of your fellow-subjects, the inhabitants of denounced ; and beyond the Articles the British North America. To the furtherance of Court could not go. It was necessary, therethose interests I have publicly and solemnly fore, to inquire what was the Romish doctrine declared that I would devote myself with of Purgatory." The judge then went into a singleness of purpose, and independently of learned history of the origin and progress of all party considerations in this country. I am the doctrine ; and came to the conclusion that giad of an opportunity, at the very moment of it was not introduced till the year 593, whilst landing in England, to repeat that pledge. the practice of praying for the dead prevailed The necessity for this course is well understood at a much earlier period. He quoted the by the people of British America, and will, / works of Jeremy Taylor, the formula of Henry before long, be also comprehended by the the Eighth, the Book of Common Prayer propeuple of England ; involving as it does the muigated by Edward the Sixth, and other very existence of British supremacy all over documents, to prove that prayers for the dead the world, and the efficient maintenance or had been duly authorized by the Protestant weak abandonment of that national policy Church of England. There could, therefere, which is expressed by the words 'Ships, Colo be no doubt that prayers for the dead were nics, and Commerce.'”
not considered as part of the Romish doctrine
of Purgatory, by the fathers of the English December 1.Sir William Molesworth Reformed Church. It was, however, against writes to his constituents from Devonport : that doctrine that the 22d Article, chiefly re• The opinion that I have formed after much | lied on, was directed. It was urged that the
35th Article, which set forth certain homilies who, it was said, wished to have been sent as containing good and wholesome doctrine, Ambassador to Sweden, but the Queen refused was decisive against prayers for the dead ; for to give him the opportunity of exhibiting his the Homily No. 7, it was alleged, designated “respectful ” manners to the King of Sweden. such prayers as erroneous. But though erro And then came the two following paragraphs, neous, they were not denounced as unlawful ; in which the pith of the offence lay :-“Should and on this head also he was of opinion, that he quit his present position, we ask, where are there had been no violation of the Articles of talents to be found capable of applying a due the Church of England. It was again main. portion of the 30,000l. to the liquidation of tained, that the words “It is a holy and whole the 80,oool., and who can so well understand some thought to pray for the dead,” were not wiping off as he who has chalked on? There those used in the English version of Maccabees : is another matter also worth notice. There is but then, he considered the main point to be, a certain estate in Wales, purchased and paid not whether they were according to the for not long ago. If any public inquiry should Romish or Protestant version, but whether take place whence the money for the payment they were consistent with the latter, and not came, who so competent to answer the quesopposed to the doctrine of the Church. The tion as the Baronet ?" For the defendant, citation was also defective : it ought to have Sir John Campbell said that nothing like fraud stated that the tombstone was erected without was insinuated against Sir John Conroy, and the consent of the Vicar; and the defendant that he ought to have presented himself in might have been prepared with an answer to court for cross-examination if he wished to what was a distinct and separate offence. The exonerate himself from the rumours in circucitation was insufficient to raise that point. lation. The jury returned a verdict against On this last head, therefore, the "articles were the defendant, and Lord Denman sentenced also inadmissible," and must be dismissed with him to pay a fine of 2001, and suffer imprisoncosts.
ment for one month. 12.-Royal proclamation issued, warning jus 20.-Meeting in King-street, Manchester, tices that “great numbers of evil-disposed for considering measures to be adopted to secure and disorderly persons have lately, in some the total and immediate repeal of the Corn parts of Great Britain, assembled themselves Laws. This was the beginning of the Antitogether after sunset, by torch-light, in large Corn-Law League agitation, the Manchester bodies and in a tumultuous manner, with Chamber of Commerce adopting a petition tobanners, flags, and other ensigns, and have
day against the monopolists. continued so assembled until a late hour of the
- The second centenary of the famous night, and during the time they were so assem
Assembly of 1638 celebrated at Glasgow by a bled have by loud shouts and noises, and by the discharge of fire-arms and the display of
banquet in the Trades Hall. weapons of offence, greatly alarmed the in 26.–The Tory party defeated in all the habitants of the neighbourhood of such assem Birmingham wards at the first municipal elecblies, and endangered the public peace.”
tion under the new charter of incorpora14.-Sir John Colborne, G.C. B., gazetted
tion. Mr. William Scholefield was elected the as Governor - General, Vice · Admiral, and
first mayor. Captain-General of all her Majesty's Provinces 87.-Apprehension, near Manchester, of within and adjacent to the Continent of Stephens, a Wesleyan preacher, and one of the North America.
most violent agitators against the New Poor 15.—The Earl of Durham declines to re- | Law. At the examination it was shown that ceive a deputation from the Westininster
he had repeatedly denounced people by name, Reform Association, on the ground that the and sought to incite the crowds who followed body they represented, as appeared from their
him to acts of destruction. One witness said public meeting, merely wanted to use the in
he told the people to get guns and pikes, and Huence of his name for their own ends. Ex have them ready over their chimney-pieces. planations made by the office-bearers of the When the grand attack was to be made, they society led to the address being afterwards were to go to the factories with a dagger in one forwarded to Lord Durham.
hand and a torch in the other. He also talked 10.-Came on in the Court of Queen's
about tarring and feathering one person, and Bench, the case of Conroy v. Lawson, a prose
sending him as a present to the Poor Law Com
missioners. Stephens was liberated on bail, cution for a libel which appeared in the Times newspaper of March 9th. The article im
and soon afterwards addressed a meeting of puted to “a certain newly-created Baronet,
5,000 at Ashton-under-Lyne, declaring that attached to the household of the Duchess of
with the aid of a rural police the Poor
Law Commissioners intended to destroy all Kent,” mismanagement of the concerns of her
children above the number of three born of Royal Highness, who had accumulated a debt of 80,000l., towards the silent discharge of
poor people. which debt Parliament had voted an annuity 31.-The Polish leader Skrzynezki made a of 30,000l. Disrespectful conduct to William Belgian general, but dismissed at the instance IV. was insinuated against the “Baronet ;" | of Austria and Prussia.