« VorigeDoorgaan »
inefficient Government, whenever it has of. fered an opposition, however lukewarm and hesitating, to projects of further change in the system of representation or in the balance of the constituted authorities of the State.” Sir F. Burdett retired from Westminster at this time in favour of Sir George Murray, Tory, and mention is made that Maidstone was to be contested by Mr. Disraeli, the younger.
against Ministers :-" It will be observed that the anticipations of certain Irish Roman Catholics respecting the success of their warfare against the Protestant Church and State, under the auspices of these not untried Ministers, into whose hands the all but infant and helpless Queen has been compelled by her unhappy condition to deliver up herself and her indignant people, are to be taken for nothing and as worth nothing but the chimeras of a band of visionary traitors. When they boast that her Majesty will in the end turn Papist, or that she will marry a Papist, or in any manner follow the footsteps of the Coburg family, whom these incendiaries describe as Papists, it is clear enough that the circulators of such insane slanders have carefully concealed from the dupes who listen to them that the legal consequence of such lapse into Popery would be an immediate forfeiture of the British
30.-Forty bills, public and private, received her Majesty's royal assent to-day, being the first passed in her reign. The ceremony led to some trifling mistakes in consequence of the officials of the House having been so long accustomed to say “his Majesty” and “ le Roi le veut."
--- The Budget introduced to the House of Commons by the Hon. Spring Rice, Chancellor of the Exchequer, The gross income for the ensuing year he estimated at 47,240,000l. and the expenditure at 46,631,4151. The Customs he considered likely to produce 21,100,000l., and the Excise 13, 8000,oool. The amount of tea cleared for home consumption in 1836 was 49,844,000 lbs, and the duty 3,886,0001.
– Pillory abolished by statute.
Considerable political excitement through out the country during the past ten days consequent upon the preparations for a general election to the first Parliament of the young Queen. Lord John Russell writes to the electors of Stroud : “I have endeavoured to strengthen our institutions by reforming them; to obtain complete and full liberty for every religious opinion; to give to Ireland the franchises of Great Britain. But in so doing, I have been cautious not so to innovate as to admit any principle by which our ancient institutions might themselves be endangered ; not so to define religious liberty as to weaken the Established Church; not so to provide for the wants and wishes of the people of Ireland as to break or disturb the unity of the Empire. In this spirit I must always oppose any proposition for the adoption of an elective House of Lords, or of the voluntary principle in religion.” To the electors of Tamworth, Sir Robert Peel wrote: “In cordial concurrence with that powerful Conservative party with which I am proud to boast of my connexion, looking rather to the defence of great principles than to the mere temporary interests of party, I have given a zealous support to a weak and
July 3,-A Bill for carrying on the government of the country in case of a demise of the Crown when the next heir was not in England, read a second time in the House of Lords. It provided that the great officers of state, the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Chief Justice of the King's Bench, and an indefinite number of persons to be named by the heir-presumptive, should carry on the government in the cvent of the Queen's death.
4.-Grand Junction Railway, from Liverpool to Birmingham, opened.
5.-The King of Hanover issues a proclamation calling in question the Constitution of 1833. The Constitution, he affirmed, was neither in form or substance binding on him, and he was not satisfied that it gave any guarantee for the permanent prosperity of his subjects. Writing to the Duke of Buckingham, he says: “I had a most difficult card to play, and until I could see my way plainly I could not act true to my principles. . . Radicalism has been here all the order of the day, and all the lower class appointed to office were more or less imbued with these laudable principles. . . But I have cut the wings of this democracy.”
8.-The Earl of Durham having been consulted by the Reformers of his own county on the approaching elections, writes to Mr. Russell Bowlby : “I wish to rally as large a portion of the British people as possible around the existing institutions of the country-the Throne, Lords, Commons, and the Established Church. I do not wish to make new institutions, but to preserve and strengthen the old. ... It has been my ruling principle throughout my political life to endeavour to bring all classesespecially the middle and lower—within the pale of the true, not the spurious, constitution. I have ever wished to give the latter an interest in the preservation of privileges which exclusion would render obnoxious to them; to make them feel that whilst the Crown enjoyed its prerogatives, and the upper classes their honours, they also were invested with privileges most valuable to them; and, moreover, that all, separately and collectively, rested on the common basis of national utility.” A Durham Ministry was spoken of at this time, and several candidates for the new Parliament avowed themselves to be supporters of his lordship's policy.
- The late King William IV. buried this evening with great solemnity in the Royal Chapel of St. George, Windsor. Chief mourner, the Duke of Sussex. The Dowager-Queen Adelaide was present in the royal closet.
13.-Her Majesty and the Duchess of Kent lenve Kensington, and take up their residence in Buckingham Palace.
14.—The Peers refuse permission to the Duke of Sussex to present a Quaker petition against capital punishment, on the plea that their lordships were described as "Peers of the United Kingdom," instead of “Lords Spiritual and Temporal.”
- The fourth centenary of the invention of printing celebrated by a festival at Mayence, extenıling over three days. Thorwaldsen's statue of Guttenberg was unveiled with great ceremony on the occasion. A banquet at Edinburgh, in honour of the event, was presided over by the poet Campbell.
15.-The forces of the Queen of Spain encounter the Carlists near Valencia, and gain an important victory. Don Carlos, who had ventured incautiously near the city walls, retired to the village of Brunol, and latterly to the mountains
17.-Parliament prorogued by the Queen in person. The Royal Speech for the occasion was prepared with unusual care, and delivered in a style which disarmed criticism. “It will be my care," her Majesty said, “ to strengthen our institutions, civil and ecclesiastical, by discreet improvement wherever improvement is required, and to do all in my power to compose and allay animosity and discord.” The Queen read the Speech deliberately, with a small but sweet voice heard over all the House. Her demeanour was described at the time as being characterised by a natural grace and modest self-possession. This being the first visit of the Queen to Parliament, an unusual amount of enthusiasm was shown. Every spot from which a view of the pageant could be obtained was densely crowded, and deafening cheers greeted the youthful sovereign at every step. Her Majesty was dressed in a white satin robe, decorated with jewels and gold, the Garter on her arm, and a mantle of crimson velvet over her shoulders. In the Gazette of the same evening appeared a proclamation dissolving this Parliament (the third of William IV.). Writs for the election of members to serve in the new House were despatched the same evening. They were made returnable on the 11th September.
18.-A letter designed, it was said, to influence the Irish elections, sent by Lord John Russell to the Earl of Mulgrave, expressing “her Majesty's entire approbation of your past conduct, and her desire that you should continue to be guided by the same principles on which you have hitherto acted. The Queen willingly recognises in her Irish subjects a spirit of loyalty and devotion towards her person and government. Her Majesty is desirous to see
them in the full enjoyment of that civii and political equality to which, by recent statute, they are fully entitled ; and her Majesty is persuaded that when invidious distinctions are altogether obliterated, her throne will be still more secure and her people more truly united.”
18.-The Marquis and Marchioness of Londonderry urge their Durham tenantry to vote for the Conservative candidate (H. T. Liddell) at the ensuing election. “We assure all those who answer to the solemn appeal that we make to them—who step forward with heart and soul in the Conservative cause to rescue the country from Radical domination—that the sense of the obligation to us personally will be for ever registered in our memories; and that the grati. tude of ourselves and our family, to those who live around us and upon our property, will be in proportion to this important demand we make upon them to prove their fidelity and their attachment to our sentiments and confi. dence in our opinions. We send these our recommendations to our esteemed friend, the Honourable Henry Liddell, to make every use of he shall think fit; and we have begged him especially to report to us those who answer zealously our call, and those who are unmindful and indifferent to our earnest wishes. (Signed) VANE LONDONDERRY; FRANCES ANN VANE LONDONDERRY.”
24.-An extraordinary and fatal parachute descent was made by Robert Cocking, painter, from Mr. Green's balloon, which rose in Vauxhall Gardens about 8 o'clock. Over Kennington Common Mr. Green said the balloon was stationary for a time, and Cocking, then swinging in his basket below, wished to know their altitude. “ About 1,000 feet,” Mr. Green replied. “Very well ; let me know when we arrive at about 1,500 feet, and at every additional 500 feet, until we arrive at 5,000 feet, for that is the altitude at which I wish to descend.” This was done, and the parachute severed, when the balloon shot up with the velocity of a rocket. The parachute, unable to resist the pressure of the atmosphere, col. lapsed round the poor inventor, and came thundering to the earth. The fall was seen by several people in the neighbourhood of Nor. wood. The unfortunate man died almost instantly from the injuries he received on reaching the ground. Mr. Green and a companion made a descent at Maidstone about 9 o'clock.
25.-First experiment with the electric telegraph between Euston Square and Camden Town stations, the North-Western Company having sanctioned the laying down of wires between those places immediately upon the taking out of the patent by Messrs. Wheatstone and Cook. Besides these two operators, Mr. Fox and Mr. R. Stephenson were present to witness the infant triumphs of this wonderful invention.
27.-At an election dinner at Stroud, Lord John Russell thus referred to the term “ Con. servative," which the Tories were now using in
place of the old name :-“If they are really Her mother married a second time, and after. and truly Conservatives as regards the general wards went on the stage, taking young Harriet institutions of the country, no name is deserving with her for juvenile characiers. She conof more adherents, or would meet with more tinued on the stage, meeting with great favour, general approval ; but with them it is a mere till her marriage with Mr. Coutts, the banker, change of name, a mere alias to persons who in 1815. He died in 1822, at the advanced do not like to be known under their former age of eighty-seven, leaving her universal designation, and who under the name of legatee, with a share in the business of the Conservatives mean to be conservative only of banking-house. The personalty was sworn every abuse-of everything that is rotten--of under 600,000l. In 1827 she married William, everything that is corrupt. If that, then, is Duke of St. Albans, then in the twenty-seventh the name that pleases them,-if they say that year of his age, and on her death bequeathed the distinction of Whig and Tory should no to his Grace 10,000l. per annum, Sir Francis longer be kept up-I am ready, in opposition Burdett's house in Piccadilly, and an estate at to their name of Conservative, to take the
Highgate. name of Reformer, and to stand by that oppo
7.--A meeting held at the “ King's Head," sition. (Cheers.) And in looking back to
Poultry, in aid of the Paisley weavers, 14,000 history, taking their sense of the denomina
of whom had been out of employ for four tion of Conservative, I think one may be as
months. proud of the name of Reformer as they can be of the name of Conservative. What was - At a dinner in the Town Hall, TamLuther? Luther was a Reformer. Leo the
worth, held to celebrate the return of Tory Tenth, who opposed the Reformation, was a
candidates, Sir Robert Peel warned his hearers Conservative. What was Galileo ? Galileo,
that they had now a duty to perform to the who made great discoveries in science, was a
Constitution. “It might be disagreeable, and Reformer. The Inquisition, who put him into
indeed inconvenient, to them to attend to the prison, was Conservative. The Christians who
registration of voters which annually took place suffered martyrdom in Rome were Reformers.
throughout the country. All this might be The Emperor who put these Christians to
revolting to them; but they might depend upon
it that it was better they should take that death, Nero, was a Conservative.” The term here commented on was thought to have been
trouble than that they should allow the Constifirst applied to a political party by Mr. Croker
tution to become the victim of false friends, or in an article in the Quarterly Review for Jan.
that they should be trampled under the hoof of 1830. “We despise," he wrote, "and abom
a ruthless Democracy. The advice which had inate the details of partisan warfare, but we
been given to some persons was, 'Agitate, are now, as we always have been, decidedly
agitate, agitate!' The advice which he would and conscientiously attached to what is called
give to them would be this : 'Register, the Tory, and which might with more propriety
register, register !'” be called the Conservative, party.” Reviewing 12.-General Espartero enters Madrid at Dumont's “Mirabeau " in July, 1832, Macaulay the head of the Royal troops, but is coldly described “ Conservative" as a new cant word. received.
29.-In the elections up to this date, the 14.-Lord Durham writes to the Sunderland Whig and Tory gains and losses were nearly
electors :-“Be assured of this, that in all cirbalanced. In the City of London Mr. Grote cumstances—at all hazards—be the personal was elected (by a majority of 6 over Mr. consequences what they may — I will ever Palmer) along with Wood, Crawford, and
respond to your call. Whenever my aid to Pattison. Mr. Disraeli was successful at the cause of Reform and liberal principles is Maidstone (along with Mr. Wyndham Lewis) required, it shall be freely and cordially given.” by 688 votes against Colonel Thompson's 529.
- A boy three years and a half old marMr. Lewis was unseated on petition, and Mr.
dered in the playground at Leeds by an Fector, Tory, elected after a contest. Roebuck
idiot youth named Jeffgate. and his colleague Palmer were defeated by two Tories at Bath, Sir James Graham in
16.-The Gravesend steamboat Medway, Cumberland, and Hume in Middlesex. The
with about 150 passengers on board, takes fire latter afterwards found a seat at Kilkenny,
in the Thames off Northfleet. One person was rendered vacant by the election of O'Connell for
drowned and another burnt. Iublin. The West Riding of Yorkshire was car - Died, aged 68, William Daniell, R. A. ried after a keen contest by two Whig candidates,
18.-An extraordinary session of the ParLord Morpeth and Sir George Strickland.
liament of Lower Canada opened by the Earl August 1.-Died at Edinburgh, aged 61, of Gosford, Governor-in-chief. M. Papineau, William Geikie, designer of popular etchings. Speaker of the Lower House, led the opposition
5.-Died at her residence in Piccadilly, to the Government proposals regarding the Harriet, Duchess of St. Albans, aged sixty- | application of the revenues of the province. six. Her father, Matthew Mellon, held a
19.-The elections being now over, it is commission in the East India Company's found that the Liberals replaced by Tories service, but died shortly before she was born. amounted to 66, and the Tories replaced by Liberals to only 53. The Liberal majority | started in H.M. ship Terror in June 1836, and elected to the last Peel Parliament was 356 to from which he was now returning. 302 ; the majority in the present Melbourne
14.-Fire at an india-rubber and shell shop Parliament, 336 to 322. The petitions .pre
in the Strand. Three inmates on the second seated against returns amounted to 60. In the
floor-Mr. Harris, his child, and servant-lout case of 14 the members were declared not duly
their lives. elected, and the seats transferred ; 25 were
19.-Musical festival at Birmingham, exdeclared duly elected, and 21 pettions were not proceeded with
tending over four days, and remarkable, among
many similar displays, for Mendelssohn's play23.-A lighter laden with gunpowder ex ing of one of Bach's preludes and sugues. "The plodes off East Greenwich, causing considerable
great composer's own oratorio of “St. Paul” damage to shipping in the river, and injury to was perforined on the second day of the fesseveral people.
tival, and Handel's “ Messiah” on the third. - Irruption of water into the Thames
20.-Captain Alexander Burnes-“ BokTunnel. One of Mr. Brunel's assistants writes :
hara Burnes," as he was known in London “ Seeing a quantity of loose sand falling near
society, from his travels in Central Asiathe gallery, I gave the signal to be hauled into
arrives at Cabul as head of the commercial the shaft. I had scarcely done so when I ob
mission sent thither by the Governor-General, served the ground give way, and the water
Lord Auckland. He was received with great descending in a thousand streams, like a cas.
honour by Akhbar Khan, and conducted to the cade.” Within an hour the Tunnel was en court of his father Dost Mahomed. At a contirely filled. No lives were lost.
ference on the 24th, the Ameer said : “Instead 26.-Railroad from Paris to St. Germains of renewing the conflict with Runjeet Singh, it (the first in France) opened.
would be a source of real gratification to me if
the British Government would counsel me how September 5.- Collision in the Thames
to act--none of our other neighbours can avail
me ; and in return I would pledge myself to between the Apollo steamer, from Yarmouth, and the Monarch, a Leith packet. The Apollo
forward its commercial and political views.” sank, but those on board, with the exception
Burnes thereupon assured him, that the British of the stewardess and two children, were saved
Government would exert itself to secure peace
between the Punjaub and Affghanistan; and by the Monarch crew.
added, that although he could not hold out any - The first session of the twenty-fifth Con
promise of interference for the restoration of gress of the United States opened with a
Peshawur, which had been won and preserved message from the new President, Martin Van by the sword, he believed that the Maharajah Buren. The document dealt mainly with one intended to make some change in its managesubject, the financial embarrassment of the ment, but that it sprang from bimself and not country, for the consideration of which Con
from the British Government. gress had been especially convened three
- The Duke of Terceira and his friends months earlier than usual.
seek refuge in England after their unsuccessful - Died at his cottage, near Durham, aged attempt to restore the Charter of Don Pedro at 98, Count Barowloski, the well-known Polish Lisbon. dwarf. His height was under thirty-six inches,
89.-Foundation stone laid of the new but his body was of the most perfect symmetry, and his mind cultivated to an extraordinary
University Library, Cambridge. degree by travel and study. .
30.—The first anniversary meeting of the 8.-Died at Geneva, aged 75, Sir S. Egerton
British Medical Association held in the London
Coffee House, presided over by Dr. Webster. Brydges, critic and genealogist.
A petition was adopted for the institution of a 9.-Collision at the Kenyon Junction of the
National Faculty of Medicine. Liverpool and Manchester railway, causing the death of one woman and an infant, and injury
October 3.-The old royal stud, bequeathed to several passengers.
to the Fitz-Clarence family by the late King, -- News received of the mutiny and mur
sold at the Hampton Court paddocks. Total ders on board the British ship Fanny Captain
realized, 15,692 guineas. M‘Kay. A mixed crew of Manilla men and
4.-The Queen leaves Windsor for Brighton, Lascars fell upon the Europeans, murdered the where she met with a reception of surpassing commander and other officers, and plundered splendour, and was presented with an address. the ship, which they afterwards sunk.
5.-Died at Aremberg, aged 54, Hortense 13.-Letter received by the Geographical
Eugénie de Beauharnais, ex-Queen of Holland, Society from Captain Back, R.N., describing
mother of Prince Louis Napoleon. the obstacles which prevented his carrying out 8.-Died, in his 720 year, Samuel Wesley, the mission of discovery on the N.W. shore of musician, son of Charles Wesley and neprew the Hudson Bay territories, on which he had of the founder of Methodism.
13.-The French in Algeria. To-day Ge- | Lord Durham referred to the late defeat which peral Dameremont attacks Constantina, the his party had sustained in his own county. stronghold of Achmet Bey and the capital of “Having been abroad for a considerable time,” ancient Numidia, which is carried by assault he said, “I am not prepared to trace all the after a desperate resistance.
small and minor causes which have led to that 15.-Major Rawlinson encounters the Rus temporary eclipse of your former Liberal as. sian agent Vickovich journeying with presents
| cendency; suffice it to say that it has happened,
and that if I live it shall never happen again.” to the camp of Mahomed Shah, at Herat. "I tracked them,” he writes, “ for some dis
Lord Durham expressed himself as favourable tance along the high road, and then found that
to the ballot, if no other means could be devised they had turned off to a gorge in the hills.
of protecting the voter. Then at length I came upon the group, seated
17.- Died at Weimar, aged 59, Johann at breakfast by the side of a clear sparkling
Nepomuk Hummel, composer and pianoforte rivulet. The officer, for such he evidently was, player, was a young man of slight make, very fair com 23.-Meeting of the Six Counties at St. plexion, with bright eyes, and a look of great Charles, Lower Canada, to protest against the animation. He rose and bowed to me as I threats of the English Parliament to annihilate rode up, but said nothing. I addressed him in the fundamental laws of the colony. French-the general language of communication
25.--Heard in the Court of Common Pleas between Europeans in the East, but he shook his head. I then spoke English, and he
the case of libel raised by Mr. Easthope, M.P. answered in Russian. When I tried Persian,
one of the proprietors of the Morning Chronicle, be seemed not to understand a word ; at length
against C. M. Westmacott, of the Age. The be expressed himself hesitatingly in Turcoman,
libel was contained in a placard issued for or Uzbeg Turkish. I knew just sufficient of
electioneering purposes, and insinuating that this language to carry on a simple conversation,
the plaintiff had failed to repay money borbat not enough to be inquisitive. This was
rowed from a friend. A verdict for 401. damage evidently what my friend wanted, for when he
was given against the defendant. found I'was not strong enough in Jaghatai to
26.-Meeting at Manchester to promote a proceed very rapidly, he rattled on with his system of national education, rough Turkish as glibly as possible. All I 27.-Don Carlos arrives at Durango in his could find out was that he was a bona fide flight to the north side of the Ebro. Russian officer carrying presents from the Emperor to Mahomed Shah. More he would
29.-From Cabul, Burnes writes to Captain not admit; so, after smoking another pipe
Jacob:-“With war come intrigues, and I have with him, I remounted, and reached the royal
had the good fortune to find out all the doings camp beyond Nishapoor before dark. I had
of the Czar and his emissaries here, where they an immediate audience of the Shah, and in
have sent letters and presents. After proving the course of common conversation, mention
this, I plainly asked the Governor-General if ing to his Majesty my adventure of the morn
such things were to be allowed, and I got a ing, he replied, 'Bringing presents to me!
reply a week ago altering all my instructions, Why, I have nothing to do with him; he is
giving me power to go on to Herat, and anysent direct from the Emperor to Dost Mahomed
where, indeed, I could do good. The first of Cabul, and I am merely asked to help him
exercise of this authority has beer. to despatch on his journey.'” Major Rawlinson at once
a messenger to Candahar, to tell them to disreturned to Teheran to acquaint Mr. M'Neill
continue their intercourse with Persia and with the communication which was going on
Russia, on pain of displeasure ; and not before between St. Petersburg and Cabul.
it was time, for a son of the chief of the city,
with presents for the Russian ambassador, is 17.-Sir F. B. Head writes from Toronto
ready to set out for Teheran.” Next day : to Sir J. Colborne, Lower Canada :-“In re
“Here a hundred things are passing of the ference to that part of your letter of the roth
highest interest. Dost Mahomed Khan has instant (this moment received) in which you |
fallen into all our views, and in so doing has state that you have made arrangements for either thought for himself or followed my assembling troops at certain points to aid the
counsel, but for doing the former I give him civil authorities, and to encourage the loyal,
every credit, and things now stand so that I which will compel you to withdraw from
think we are on the threshold of a negotiation Upper Canada as many companies of the
with King Runjeet, the basis of which will be 24th as I can spare you, to show a good front
his withdrawal from Peshawur, and a Barukat this crisis, I have pleasure in being able to
zye receiving it as tributary from Lahore, the inform you, that excepting the small detach
chief of Cabul sending his son to ask pardon. ment at Bytown, I consider that this province
What say you to this, after all that has been can dispense with as many of the troops as you
urged by Dost Mahomed Khan's putting forth may deem it desirable to require.” About a
extravagant pretensions ? Runjeet will accede month later Sir Francis was in danger of being to the plan, I am certain. I have on behalf of made a prisoner in his own capital.
Government agreed to stand as mediator with - Addressing a meeting of local Reformers, the parties, and Dost Mahomed has cut asunder