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verdict by a majority, that the prisoners were guilty of the first, second, third, and tenth counts in the indictment. The Court sentenced them to seven years' transportation.
4.-Great meeting at the “Crown and An. chor" to express sympathy with the insurgents of Lower Canada. Resolutions were proposed declaring, “That this meeting, while deeply lamenting the disastrous civil war now existing in the colony of Lower Canada, is of opinion tlar this deplorable occurrence is to be ascribed to the misconduct of the British Ministry in refusing timely redress to the repeated complaints of the Canadian people, and in attempting to sustain that refusal by measures of gross injustice and coercion.” Mr. Roebuck spokefirst, he said, as a British citizen entitled to express his opinion on a great subject; and secondly, as an avowed advocate of Canada.
5.-The Canadian insurgents attack Toronto, but are repulsed by the Governor, Sir F. Head.
7.-Hard frost commenced.
10.-The Royal Exchange burnt. The flames were first perceived issuing from Lloyd's coffee-room, in the north-west corner, about half-past 10 o'clock. Owing to the intense frost there was much difficulty in procuring water, and the flames were not got under tili the fire had in a measure exhausted itself, at noon the following day. Two hours after its outbreak, the whole range of offices belonging to the Exchange Insurance Company, Lloyd's captains' room, and underwriters' room, were one mass of fire. The flames reached the new tower about I o'clock, and the bells, eight in number, which had been chiming during the destruction, fell one after the other, carrying along with them the roof, stonework, and arch over the central entrance. The Lord Mayor and several aldermen were present during the greater part of the conflagration. The police were assisted by a party of soldiers from the Tower and the Bank guard. The statue of Sir Thomas Gresham, the founder, which had escaped the Great Fire of 1666, was totally destroyed. So vivid and extensive was the conflagration, that it was seen at Windsor with the greatest distinctness. It was generally believed that the fire originated from the overheating of a stove in or below one of Lloyd's rooms.
13.--Died, in his eighty-seventh year, John Scott, Earl of Eldon, Attorney-General for six years, and Lord Chancellor for nearly twentyfive. He finally resigned the Great Seal in April 1827, but would probably have held office for some years longer, had he agreed to the policy of yielding to the Roman Catholic claims. His personal property was sworn under 600,000l.
14.-Continuance of severe frost. Thermometer (at Chiswick) 4° Fahr.
15.-The jury, in the case of Miss Neville, tried in the Irish Court of Queen's Bench, lind
that she was not capable of managing her own affairs. Her delusions were of a religious character.
15.-Sir Francis Head, having differed from the Home Government on one or two points of Colonial policy, resigns the office of LieutenantGovernor of Upper Canada.
16.--Parliament re-assembles. Lord John Russell, by a majority of 188 to 28, carries a motion for an Address to the Queen, expressing “our deep concern that a disaffected party in Canada should have had recourse to open violence and rebellion, with a view to throw off their allegiance to the Crown; to declare to her Majesty our satisfaction that their designs have been opposed no less by her Majesty's loyal subjects in North America than by her Majesty's forces; and to assure her Majesty, that while this House is ever ready to afford relief to real grievances, we are fully determined to support the efforts of her Majesty for the suppression of revolt and the restoration of tranquillity.” Lord John Russell thereafter obtained leave to bring in a bill to make temporary provision for the government of Lower Canada. In the debate to which the Address gave rise in the Upper House, Lord Brougham said :—“If you will have plantations in every clime-if you will have subjects by millions in opposite sides of the globe-if you will undertake to manage the affairs of an empire extending over both hemispheres, over an empire on which the sun never sets--whether such a determination on your parts be prudent or impolitic, whether its effects be beneficial or detrimental to our highest interests, I will not now stop to inquire ; but if you make up your minds to this, at all events it imposes on you the absolute necessity that you shall be alive, and awake, and vigilant—that you shall not sleep and slumber---that you shall not, like the sluggard, let your hands sleep before you, as if you were administering the affairs of a parish, or even of a kingdom near at home, to which and from which the post goes and arrives every day in the week.” (Some laughter was caused among their lordships by this language, as it was understood to apply to Lord Glenelg's reputed somnolency.)
- Earl of Durham appointed GovernorGeneral and High Commissioner for the adjust. ment of the affairs of the provinces of Lower and Upper Canada.
- Decision in the Court of Queen's Bench, that no steamboat shall navigate between London Bridge and Limehouse Reach at a greater speed than five miles an hour.
20.-Thermometer in Hyde Park at 6.30 A.M. 3° Fahr. The Thames blocked with ice, so that people could pass from shore to shore below bridge.
21.-The Italian Opera House, Paris, burnt. M. Severini, the acting manager, was killed while endeavouring to make his escape froin the fourth story of the building.
22.-Mr. Roebuck heard at the bar of the fest to the rest of mankind. However, he House of Commons against the Canadian Bill. thanked the noble lord for the active support To cstablish its injustice he entered at length which he had given him in 1835; he thanked into a detailed history of events in Canada him equally for his absence in 1836; he thanked from 1763 to the present time, dividing thai him for the less active support which he afforded period into four epochs, 1763 to 1810, 1810 to | him in 1837; and he could assure him that he 1828, 1828 to 1834, and 1834 to the present now felt no irritation at the very'altered tune period. Sir George Grey replied to Mr. Roe and at the course of observation in which the buck, and the debate was continued by other noble and learned lord had indulged, and which Members, the House at its close going into no one could doubt that the noble and learned committee on the bill by 262 against 16, who lord's zeal for the public welfare, his great supported Mr. Hume's amendment in opposi patriotism, and his anxiety for the well-being of tion.
the nation, compelled him to adopt during the 24.-Nine persons drowned while skating present session. on the reservoir at Hollinwood, Oldham.
5.-Mr. Roebuck heard at the bar of the - Died in Kensington Union Workhouse, House of Lords against the Canada Bill. He Charles Baron Kierrulf, a Swedish nobleman concluded : “At this moment every one of and brigadier-general in the army. He was dis you must feel that war with the United States covered in a state of destitution in November has been risked by this insane quarrel with our last.
colonies. No greater calamity could happen
to mankind than such a war; and yet have we 26.-Lord John Russell announces to the
heedlessly—may I not say criminally ?-inHouse in Committee on the Canada Bill that
curred the danger of it: and for what? To Ministers had resolved to adopt the amendment
maintain a wretched band of hungry officials of Sir Robert Peel by striking out of the pre
in the possession of ill-used as well as ill-gotten amble of the Bill the words recognising the
power—to shelter a few peculating servants assembling of Lord Durham's Council of
from the just indignation of their robbed and Advice, and the clause empowering the Queen
insulted masters. This, my Lords, is the real in Council to repeal the Act at pleasure.
end of all our great expense, of all our loss of These concessions were received with cheers by
money, time, and blood-the magnificent obthe Opposition. The bill was read a third
ject for which we have stayed all improvement time on the 29th.
in Canada--for which we now seek to outrage 29.-Lord Brougham, in the course of pre the feelings of the whole continent of America senting an Anti-Slavery petition from Leeds, —for which we have already risked the chance took occasion to speak at length, and with of the most disastrous calamity which ignorance great animation, on that traffic, which he said and wickedness combined could inflict on manHourished under the very expedient adopted to kind! Is not this, my Lords, a magnificent crush it, and increased in consequence of the requital for such a risk? And are we not, by very measures resorted to for its extinction. our proceedings, exhibiting to the world a
scene humiliating to the national character for
sense, for honour, and generosity? To you, February 2.-In the debate on the second
my Lords, as the supposed guardians of our reading of the Canada Bill in the Upper House,
ancient honour, I appeal to save us from this Lord Brougham strongly urged the necessity of
degradation and disgrace." sending out Lord Durham with powers far more ample than Ministers proposed to give
- The Irish Poor Law Bill read a second him. He cited from the history of his re time in the House of Commons. vered relative" (Dr. Robertson) the account of 8.-The Canada Bill passed the House of Gasca's mission to quell Pizarro's revolt in
Lords ; Lords Ellenborough, Fitzwilliam, and South America, a service Gasca performed by
Brougham dissenting. the vigorous exercise of the unlimited powers
- Navigation resumed on the Thames, the wisely given him by Charles V.-In reply to
thaw having commenced on the 6th. taunts thrown out against the Ministry, Lord Melbourne said he had for some time been ex 13.--A meeting of women held at Elland, pecting an ebullition of acrimony and acerbity in Yorkshire, to protest against the New Poor from Lord Brougham. He knew it must come; Law Amendment Act. The measure was deand the longer it was repressed and kept back, nounced with great fervour. the more violent it was sure to become. Ever – The question of trades' unions brought since 1833 that bitterness and acerbity had
under the notice of the House by Mr. Wakley been gaining strength from its forcible suppres and Mr. O'Connell. Government promised sion, and Lord Melbourne was by no means
inquiry. surprised that it had broken out at last. It was nothing more than what was naturally
15.—Mr. Grote's annual motion regarding to be expected; but, unfortuitately, people
the ballot defeated on a division, by 315 tu were' generally so blind to all that concerned
198 votes. themselves, that they were often at a loss to 20.--The House of Lords reject two sets perceive that which was quite plain and mani- 1 of resolutions submitted by Lord Brougham, having reference to the suppression of the slave tion committees. Lord Maidstone's motion, trade and the early emancipation of negro | that the charge was a false and scandalous apprentices. Speaking of the latter, he said : imputation on the honour and conduct of “The slave has shown by four years' blameless | members, was carried against the Ministerial behaviour and devotion, unsurpassed by any amendment of “the previous question” by a . English peasant, to the pursuits of peaceful in- | majority of 263 to 254. Next day the Speaker dustry, that he is as fit for his freedom as any formally reprimanded Mr. O'Connell, when lord whom I now address. I demand his rights. | the latter reiterated his statement, and declared I demand his liberty without stint, in the that he had nothing to retract. name of justice and of law-in the name of reason-in the name of God, who has given
26.-In connexion with a motion made by you no right to work injustice. I demand
Lord Lyndhurst for papers relating to certain that your brother be no longer trampled upon
cases of cruelty alleged to have occurred in as your slave. I make my appeal to the Com Milbank Penitentiary, Lord Melbourne took mons, who represent the free people of Eng occasion to contrast the course which would land ; and I require at their hands the per
have been followed in such a matter by the formance of that condition for which they paid Duke of Wellington. He would have given so enormous a price—that condition which all notice. “The noble duke would rather have their constituents are in breathless anxiety to
cut off his right hand than have taken such a see fulfilled! I appeal to this House-the course as that taken by the poble and learned hereditary judges of the first tribunal in the
lord. The noble duke is a man of honour and world--to you I appeal for justice. Patrons a gentleman ; the noble duke is actuated and of all the arts that humanize mankind, under governed by the feelings of a gentleman and a your protection I place Humanity herself! To man of honour, and I feel confident that he the merciful Sovereign of a free people I call
would not have acted in this manner.”—Lord aloud for mercy; to the hundreds of thousands Lyndhurst wished for an explanation of Lord in whose behalf half a million of her Christian Melbourne's remarks: “The noble viscount sisters have cried aloud, that their cry may not
says that he wishes the noble duke had been have risen in vain. But first I turn my eye to
here, because the noble duke is a man of the Throne of all justice, and devoutly humbling
honour and a gentleman. That observation, myself before Him who is of purer eyes than
which is true of the noble duke, was employed to behold any longer such vast iniquities, I by the noble viscount in such a manner as to implore that the curse over our heads of unjust bear a different construction is applied to oppression be averted from us—that your
others. I wish to know in what sense the hearts may be turned to mercy—and that over noble viscount applies those terms ?”- Lord all the earth His will may at length be done !" Melbourne : “I beg to state, that when I
referred to the noble duke, I meant to say 20.–Mr. Fielden, M.P. for Oldham, moves that, from the studied and scrupulous care the repeal of the Poor Law Amendment Act. which the noble duke takes in advertising Sir Robert Peel stated that, considering the ex those opposite to him of any observations periment had lasted only four years, it was as which he intends to make in regard to them satisfactory as any man could expect. Motion -I meant to say, knowing the scrupulous care rejected.
of the noble duke in this particular, that he 21.-Died at Paris, aged 80, Silvestre de
would not have acted as the noble and learned Sacy, Oriental scholar.
lord has done on this occasion. What fol
lowed—what the words were I used, and what - Burnes receives intimation from the
the manner was I used, I do not recollect. Governor-General, that the proposals of Dost
But I distinctly state, that if I said anything Mahomed regarding Peshawur could not be
in reference to the noble and learned lordacceded to, and that it must be left to the
anything to the effect that he had acted unlike Sikhs.
a man of honour, or unbecoming a gentleman, 23.-Colonel Bunbury, Provisional Governor I most fully retract those words.”—Lurd Lynd. of St. Lucia, issues a proclamation substituting hurst : “I am perfectly satisfied.” English for the French language used in the
Various outrages committed on females courts of justice, in retaliation, as he explained,
during the past week by a character known for the advocates refusing to appear before his judges.
as "Spring-heeled Jack,” or “ The Ghost.” 25.–At Notting-hill, a pedestrian named
March 6.-Sir W. Molesworth introduces a Earle performed the task of walking twenty
vote of censure on Lord Glenelg, Secretary for miles backward, and the same number forward,
the Colonies, but withdraws it after a discussion in eight hours.
of two nights, in favour of an amendment, 26.--The House of Commons discuss an proposed by Lord Sandon, declaring that the alleged case of breach of privilege committed present condition of Canada was owing to the by O'Connell, in so far as he had stated at a ambiguous, dilatory, and irresolute course of meeting in the “Crown and Anchor” that her Majesty's Ministers. Division--for Misoul perjury was committed by the Tory elec- | nisters, 316; against, 287.
6. -Destructive fire in Paper-buildings, Tem 19.-Mr. Poulett Thomson obtains leave to ple, presumed to have arisen from a candle left introduce a bill for the establishment of a syj. burning in the chambers of Mr. Maule, M.P. ; tem of international copyright. Nos. 12, 13, and 14, three houses comprising about eighty chambers, were destroyed. The
20.--Lord Palmerston informs our amAttorney-General was one of the greatest suf
bassadors at Paris and Vienna of certain out. ferers.
rages committed on members of the British
Mission in Persia, and instructs them in no 8.-Decision of the Court of Session in the
way to recognise the mission of Hoossein Auchterarder case. The Lords of the First
Khan, who had left Teheran, with the view, as Division, having considered the cases for the
was given out, of congratulating her Majesty on Earl of Kinnoul, Rev. Robert Young, and the
her accession, but in reality to obtain the recall Presbytery of Auchterarder, find that the Earl
of Mr. M'Neill from the post he presently held has legally and effectually exercised his right
at the Persian Court. as patron, and that the Presbytery, in refusing to take trial of Mr. Young's qualifications, have 21.-The Ameer Dost Mahomed makes a acted to the hurt and prejudice of the pursuer final and unsuccessful appeal to Lord Auckland and contrary to the provisions of the statute, to remedy the grievances of the Affghans, and libelled on. The case originated in the exer to give them a little encouragement and power. cise of an interim Act of Assembly passed in Burnes soon after took his departure from the 1834, enacting “That it shall be an instruction to Presbyteries that if, at the moderating
24.-- Died at Chelsea, Thomas Attwood, in a call to a vacant pastoral charge, the major part of the male heads of families,
musician, aged 72. members of the vacant congregation, and in 26.-Meeting at the Thatched House Tavern full communion with the church, shall dis
to organize measures for erecting a monument approve of the person in whose favour the | to the memory of Lord Nelson. call is proposed to be moderated in, such disapproval shall be judged sufficient ground
30.—Sir George Strickland's motion for for the Presbytery rejecting such person, and abolishing negro apprenticeship on 1st August that he shall be rejected accordingly." The
of the present year, defeated by a majority of Earl of Kinnoul presented Mr. Young to 269 to 205. Mr. Gladstone spoke with adthe parish of Auchterarder ; but the majority mitted ability on behalf of the planters. of the male communicants rejected him by - Came on at Warwick Assizes the trial of exercising this veto. As the Veto Act pro
Muntz and three others, charged with riot and ceeded exclusively from the General Assembly,
“an affray” at a vestry meeting held in St. and was not ratified by Parliament, the Earl Martin's Church, Birmingham, on the 28th and Mr. Young brought this action in the March last. The jury found two guilty of “an Court of Session against the Presbytery. The
affray” only, and two not guilty. court now decided that the Veto Act had no force in law; that Mr. Young had a right
- The post of Grand Vizier abolished by to the parish, and the Earl to the emoluments,
the Sultan. until the Presbytery should induct him in due form.
April 3,-Material saved from the burning 14.-Crowded meeting in Exeter Hall, pre of the Royal Exchange sold by auction for sided over by Lord Brougham, to petition 2,000l. Parliament for the immediate abolition of - Thomas Martin, M.P. for Galway, imnegro apprenticeship.
prisoned for two months, and fined 501. for 15.--Mr. Villiers moves that the House re leading a faction fight against the O'Flahertys solve itself into a committee to consider the at Aughterard. Act relating to the importation of corn. In - The Marquis of Chandos' motion limiting favour, 95 ; against, 300.
the expenditure on Lord Durham's mission to 16.--Boiler explosion on board the Victoria,
the 12,000l. allowed to the Earl of Gosford, of Hull, when running an experimental trip
defeated by 160 to 158 votes. from London to the Nore. Chief-engineer - A supplement to the Gazette of this date Allen, hearing the explosion when on deck, contains a proclamation “declaring her Marushed into the engine-room and stopped the jesty's pleasure touching her royal coronation engines, but was so frightfully scalded that he and the solemnity thereof." The coronation died in a few hours. Three assistant-engineers to take place on Tuesday the 26th June. The were also killed.
Privy Council to sit at Whitehall on the 28th 17.-A slight earthquake felt at Shrewsbury.
instant, and afterwards from time to time as
occasion may require to hear and decide upon 19.--Owen Swift kills Brighton Bill in a the claims of individuals “to do and perform prize-fight at Barkway, Hertfordshire, this being divers services” on the day of coronation. his third victim. At the inquest a verdict of The day was afterwards changed to the 28th, manslaughter was returned.
on the ground, as was alleged, that the date
with the proposed alteration in the Copyright Act.
25.-The second reading of Mr. Talfourd's Copyright Bill carried in a small House by a majority of 5. This measure was withdrawn later in the session.
- Under the auspices of the Religious Influence Society, Dr. Chalmers, of Edinburgh, enters upon a course of lectures on Spiritual Independence, at Hanover Square Rooms. The remarks of the Rev. Doctor on Church Establishments gave occasion to a violent attack
by O'Connell, at a meeting of the Church Rate | Abolition Society, held in the City of London Tavern.
26.-Shipwreck of the Margaret of Newry, transport, Off Cape Clear. The vessel was caught in a snow-storm about midnight, and struck on a rock two miles from the shore. Of forty-one hands on board, only two were saved.
28.–The estate of Worksop sold by the Duke of Norfolk to the Duke of Newcastle for
370,000l., the rental being set down at 10,000l. | a year, and the wood at the gross value of 150,0001.
30.--A Royal Commission appointed to inquire into the system of pensions and retirements in the army and navy.
first mentioned was the anniversary of the death of George IV.
4.-The Sirius screw-ship leaves Cork for New York, being the first vessel of this class which ever navigated the Atlantic. She arrived at her destination on the 23d, St. George's day. The Great Western left Bristol on the 8th, and arrived at New York also on the 23d.
6.-Robert Miers, tried at the Central Cri. minal Court for setting fire to his house in Marylebone, with intent to defraud the Union Insurance Company, was, on the third day, found guilty, and sentenced to transportation for life.
- Mr. M'Neill, the British Minister at the Persian Court, arrives in the camp of Mahomed Shah, to remonstrate against the continuance of the siege of Herat as a violation of the treaty with Great Britain. He was admitted into the beleaguered city on the 21st, and endeavoured afterwards to negotiate a peace between the contending parties, but without effect. On the part of Persia, Mahomed Shah said : “Either the whole people of Herat shall make their submission, and acknowledge themselves my subjects, or I will take possession of the fortress by force of arms, and make them obedient and submissive.”
9.- Came on in the New Court, before Mr. Baron Parke, the trial of Thomas Williams, a person of high position in Carnarvonshire, charged with forging the will of his late fatherin-law, Mr. Panton of the same county. The specific object of the prosecution was to set aside a will in which a large sum of money was left to the prisoner's wife, by proving that the prisoner, who practised as a solicitor, procured the signature of the deceased to pencil writings, which were afterwards erased, and their place supplied with different instructions ; also that the will was forged. The trial lasted an entire week, and to the great delight of a crowded court resulted in a verdict of Not Guilty.
- James Burke, a Catholic priest, and three brothers named Crean, convicted at Cork assizes for conspiracy in attempting to prove the murder of the father of the Creans, in 1834, against Wright, a tithe proctor, who was tried and acquitted on the charge.
11.–The Camden sails from Gravesend having on board the Rev. John Williams and a party of missionaries with their wives and families, for the unexplored islands in the South Sea, where they desired to labour for the conversion of the natives.
18.–The poet Wordsworth writes from Rydal Mount, to Serjeant Talfourd, expressing the gratitude of English authors for the exertions he was making in Parliament to protect their rights against the claims put forth on behalf of printers and publishers in connexion
May 1.-Mr. Hume's motion to stop the pension of 21,000l. per annum granted to the King of Hanover when Duke of Cumberland, on the ground of his inability to support the British Constitution, and the possibility there was of his using the money to the injury of his country, negatived by 97 to 62 votes.
- Died in Bethlehem Hospital, Jonathan Martin, the incendiary who fired York Minster on the 2d February, 1829.
7.-Trial commenced at Paris of the indi. viduals charged with being concerned in a plot against the life of the King of the French. The principal actor was one Hubert, a currier, who, when arrested in December, had concealed in his hat the plan of a machine resembling Fieschi's, but more scientifically constructed. A letter written in cypher was also traced to him, which, after much study, wag deciphered, and detailed the plan of attack. “We intend to hire an apartment in the neighbourhood of the Chamber of Deputies, and a stable in the same house, where we will place the material necessary for the construction of the two machines, which will be put together the day before the opening of the session. When the King shall have reached within a certain distance we shall bring out the machines from under the gateway, and in three minutes I pledge myself to have foudroyé the King and the whole of his staff. In the meantime, two men stationed on the roof of the house will throw Congreve rockets on the Chamber of Deputies, which will be in a blaze