part, is more distinctly a compilation than fun, which seldom subsides to a point where Mr. Abbott's, and contains nothing from his it can be characterized as mere cheerfulness. own pen except a preface, remarkable for its A child's outlook upon life is not more whole. graceful humor, and the few notes necessary somely optimistic than Miss Alcott's, and her to link together the various and somewhat books communicate happiness to children by promiscuous materials of which it is com- sheer contagion. posed. Its contents were gleaned from the

A STORY OF THREE SISTERS. By Cecil Maxobscure and little-known memoirs of the

well. Leisure Hour Series. New-York : Revolutionary and pre-Revolutionary period,

Henry Holt & Co. and consist chiefly of personal sketches and

This is a most pleasant and satisfactory story gossip, anecdotes, “domestic interiors," and

-deficient perhaps in dramatic power, but unsociety pictures. The stores which Mr. Scudder's industry has accumulated prove richer

mistakably the production of a refined, culti

vated, penetrative, and sympathetic mind. than we should have expected ; and, as here

There could hardly be a more marked contrast arranged, they furnish the easiest and proba

than that which it presents to the current bly the most entertaining method of becom

novels of the intense or sensational school ; ing acquainted with men and manners in

but there is no lack of interest, and the aroma America a hundred years ago.

of it haunts the mind afterwards, like one of As we have already said, the two books are really supplemental to each other, and the Tennyson's semi-melancholy and wholly-musireader could use them to the best advantage by cal idylls. The author touches the springs of first giving “Revolutionary Times” a careful pathos with a sure hand, and it might be obperusal, and then dipping into Mr. Scudder's jected to her story that it is too sad, were it not

that the sadness is of that delicately appealing book to round out the outline thus obtained

kind and to fill in its lacuna.

" Which is not akin to pain,

And resembles sorrow only SILVER PITCHERS: AND INDEPENDENCE. A

As the mist resembles rain.'' Centennial Love Story. By Louisa M.

Tragical-ending novels are seldom agreeAlcott. Boston: Roberts Bros.

able, and there is nothing which a reader has Miss Alcott is seldom at her best in short a better right to resent than a deliberate atstories, and of the nine contained in the pres- tempt to harrow up his soul ; but the death of ent volume, there is only one that will com- Pamela, while it stirs within us a feeling of pare either in interest or in deftness of literary infinite pity, is acquiesced in as a more approworkmanship with “ Little Women," and its priate fate than any that would have bid her live charming congeners. The one to which we the conventional life of ordinary heroines. refer is the “Centennial Love Story," which

We consider A Story of Three Sisters" has not, like the others, been previously pub- one of the best and most enjoyable of recent lished, and which is supposed to have a special novels, and it may be unhesitatingly comappropriateness to the anniversary we are all

mended those who regard the average fiction celebrating, though it must be confessed that of the day with a not undeserved suspicion. the relation established by marrying the lovers and sending them to the Exposition to seek their fortunes is rather remote. Aside from

FOREIGN LITERARY NOTES. its relevancy, however, the story is excellent, The Temps announces the publication possessing, among other things, the rare merit shortly of a review of M. Rénan's “ Diaof treating the delicate subjects of love and logues Philosophiques " by the late Madame marriage in precisely the spirit with which it is Georges Sand. desirable that our youths and maidens should be familiarized-neither morbid nor mawkish, has selected M. Darmesteter, of Paris, a

We understand that Professor Max Müller neither preachy nor frivolous. "Silver Pitch. highly promising young scholar, to undertake ers" is a temperance tale, and the book car

the translations from the Zend Scriptures in ries about as many morals as it contains stories;

the series of the Sacred Books of the World. but if Miss Alcott's ultimate aim is “improvement,” she disguises it wonderfully well, and

HARRIET MARTINEAU's autobiography, her instruction is livelier than other people's though it has been in print fifteen years or sun. Vivacity, indeed, is Miss Alcott's most

more, is not to be published for a few months, conspicuous and most persistent characteris

as it is to be accompanied by a supplementary tic, and in these her latest stories it shows no volume, in which a friend will recount the sign of depression or abatement. Her writing later history of her life. seldom exhibits wit, and is rarely humorous, MR. MASKELYNE, the conjuror, whose but it is inspired by an overflo:ving spirit of mechanical figures do such wonderful tricks at St. James's Hall, has published a pamphlet, years. It is edited by his son, Mr. Edward wherein he contends that all the phenomena B. B. Barber, who, having been himself long of Spiritualism are based on trickery. In a resident in Asiatic Turkey in official situasupport of his view, he brings as many facts tions, has been enabled to supplement and together as he can lay hands on, and throws annotate the observations of his late father. them down, so to speak, as a challenge. The title of the book will be “Syria and

Victor Hugo must have made a fine for- Egypt under the last Five Sultans of Turtune by his writings. It is stated that he has,

key." among other investments, eight hundred The number of newspapers published at shares in the National Bank of Belgium, Constantinople at the beginning of the preswhich are worth 2850 francs per share ; so ent year was seventy-two, of which twenty that here we have a sum of over £83,000 to were in the French, sixteen in the Turkstart with, and it is understood that he has

ish, thirteen in the Armenian, twelve in the other property.

Greek, four in the Bulgarian, two in HeA curious volume containing the biography brew-Spanish, and one each in Persian, Gerand autobiography of Elizabeth Evans, the man, Arabic, English, and Italian. Of the alleged original of Dinah Morris in “ Adam sixteen Turkish journals, three only are daily, Bede," has just been pubiished by Messrs. E. but the one Arabic journal, al Jawaïb, is Moxon, Son & Co. The book, which is enti- daily. The Persian journal is called the tled George Eliot in Derbyshire," appears

Akhter. There are nineteen official journals with the names of Guy Roslyn and George in the provinces, in Egypt, and in Crete, and Barnett Smith on the title-page, and contains

at Smyrna, Broussa, Conia, Bagdad, Prizrend, a letter from George Eliot concerning her Angora, Rustchuk, Sérajevo, Damascus, characters in “Adam Bede."

Adrianople, Diarbékir, Erzeroum, Salonica

(two), Castambol, Aleppo, and Trebizonde. The discovery by M. Albert Ménard is announced of two manuscripts of Bossuet, con- A RECENT official investigation of the sisting of notes on Juvenal and Persius. Parisian libraries has furnished the following They appear not to be wholly written by Bos. statistics: the library of the Arsenal possesses suet's own hand, but to contain autograph 200,000 volumes and 8,000 manuscripts; the corrections by him, and the style of the text library of the Sorbonne, 80,000 volumes; the is said to bear the unmistakable mark of the library of the School of Medicine, 35,000 genius of the Bishop of Meaux.

volumes; the National Library, 1,700,000 As a contribution to the literature of the

volumes, 80,000 manuscripts, 1,000,000 enwar between the Servians and the Turks, the gravings and maps, 120,000 medals; the

Library Mazarin, 200,000 volumes, 4000 third part of the publication called “ A propos manuscripts, and so relief models of Pelasgic de l’Herségovine" is worthy of notice. It is

monuments in Italy, Greece, and Asia Minor; devoted to Montenégro, and is written in French by Suavi Effendi, a learned Turk, and

the library Sainte-Geneviève, 160,000 volumes one of the leaders of the “young Turkey"

and 350,000 manuscripts; making a total for

all the public collections of Paris of 2,375,000 party. It enters fully into the history of the

volumes and 442,000 manuscripts. question, and the suzerainty of the Porte.

A TELEGRAPHIC announcement in the Times They are now organizing at Prague, as we

a few days since, which mentioned the attempt are informed by the Bibliographie de la France,

that is being made to establish a free unsecan exhibition of newspapers and MSS. on a

tarian university at Madrid, calls for comment. large scale, which will shortly be throw open

It will be in the remembrance of many that to the public. Already 7000 articles have

soon after Don Alfonso's accession to the been contributed, many of them rare and

throne, when Señor Orovio was Minister of curious. Among them is a Lord's Prayer in

Public Instruction, a most stringent decree 324 languages, exhibited by the Imperial Academy at St. Petersburg. There is also a

was promulgated and resulted in the dismisfine collection of autographs of the most dis

sal from the Royal University of many of the tinguished persons of all ages.

most learned professors, who declined to ac

cept a return to the legislation with reference A WORK is in the press which is to contain, to Catholic dogma and monarchical principles together with much other matter, many obser- that existed prior to 1868. Several of these vations on the character and customs of the professors were violently treated and sent Turks, gleaned from the papers and corre- into exile, and all are deprived of their prospondence of a late official resident in Syria sessorships and left without resources. They and Egypt, Mr. Consul-General Barber, whose have appealed to the Council of State, and in career there extended over a long course of the mean time have decided to open a free colafter a careful study of the paper we fail to with pleasure an opportunity of witnessing


lege, where education of the highest standard is strong evidence of altered brightness in may be acquired without reference to creed or some places, and it is much to be wished that any interference with religious opinions. As some careful, patient observer would underthe promoters say in their prospectus, "Cette take the task of giving us a portion, at least, institution est entièrement étrangère à tout of a map of the full moon. esprit ou intérêt de communion réligieuse,

PeriodiCITY OF HURRICANES. – Vice-Add'école philosophique ou de parti politique : elle proclame seulement le principe de la

miral Fleuriot de Langle has published in the liberté et de l'inviolabilité de la science, et

last two numbers of the Revue Maritime et partant l'indépendance d'indagation et d'ex

Coloniale a long discussion on the periodicity position, vis a vis n'importe quelle autorité,

of cyclones in all parts of the world. The par la propre conscience du Professeur." paper scems to have been first read at the Many shares have been subscribed for in and Geographical Conference in Paris last out of Spain, and when more publicity is

autumn. M. de Langle seeks to connect given to the scheme, no doubt ample funds these

directly with astronomical will be forthcoming. --Athenæum.

phenomena, as will be seen from the conclusions which he gives in the following

sentences : SCIENCE AND ART.

“We may deduce from the preceding inves

tigations that when the latitude of the place, THE Moon's CONDITION.- Whatever may

the declination of the sun or the moon resume be the theories of modern geologists, or

the same values respectively, and these whatever changes may yet await some of their

phenomena coincide with an eclipse of the conclusions, one thing seems evident, that the eruptive force which has moulded the surface

sun or the moon, or with a phase of the

moon, on its approach to its apogee or of the moon into its present strange con

perigee, there is danger of a hurricane. If figuration has been decaying down to either

at these critical periods there is any unsteadicomparative or absolute extinction. It is certainly not very material whether our gene

ness in the winds, extra caution is required

when the apogee or perigee occurs near the ration may be contemporary with its expiring

time of full or new moon.". efforts, or with a subsequent state of quies

Of course the statements are corroborated cence; but it is a question not without much interest; and few observers would not hail by a copious array of diagrams and tables, but

find that much has been added to our knowlthe activity of a lunar volcano. However, it

edge of the subject. There seems to be one is still sub judice whether anything of the kind

radical defect in the reasoning, which influhas occurred since the invention of the tele

ences all discussions of the relation between scope ; and there is more difficulty than might

the moon and the weather. The hour of be supposed in forming a reliable opinion,

occurrence of a phenomenon at one station is partly from the inaccuracies and mistakes of

taken, and the relation of that occurrence to the earlier observers, partly from the deficien

the moon's age and position is investigated ; cies of existing maps, and partly from the

but it is persistently ignored that the hurribackwardness to supply those deficiencies at

cane moves over the earth's surface, so that if the hands of the possessors of the powerful

its occurrence at A coincides with the period instruments of the day. Close investigation of any other phenomenon, it must necessarily and careful drawing is required, and that

fail to coincide with it at B. under several angles of illumination ; and though photography may render most impor- ARCHÆOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES IN ROME.— tant service, as that of an eye which never The excavations undertaken at the Esquiline omits anything, yet the circumstances would to clear what remains of the nympheum, des. be very exceptional which would give to its ignated the temple of Minerva Medica, have renderings the keenness and certainty of been terminated. The ruins are surrounded ocular inspection. Each mode may help the with bath-rooms and porticoes of more recent other. It is, of course, among the minutest construction. On the south side of the Piazza craters, and, according to that great authority, Dante vestiges have been discovered of a large Schmidt, among the fissures or cracks, that edifice, having formed a portion of the Lamiwe must seek for the evidence of remaining ani garden, enclosing two large reservoirs for chemical life. But change of perhaps a less water, and two semicircular rooms, and where intelligible nature may be detected among were found three fragments of statues, a porthe multitude of light streaks and brilliant tion of a column of African marble, and some patches which variegate the fully-enlightened pieces of sculpture which belong to a group moon with such perplexing intricacy. There of figures discovered nearly in the same local

ity in 1877. In the Piazza Vittorio-Emman- crystallizes like snow, in a great variety of uele, on the Esquiline, there have been forms of the hexagonal system.

And this brought to light thirty-one coffers of white substance is iodoform. To show the multistone, containing iron arms and an Etruscan plicity of forms, M. Dogiel dissolves iodoform rase of earthenware, ornamented with red in boiling (90 per cent) alcohol, and lets the figures on a black ground. Near the ancient solution cool in water of different temperVilla Casella has been found a cube of ame- atures. He gets mostly tabular crystals, thyst, one inch and a fifth on the side ; and in when a solution containing 15 to 30 per cent some old cellars at Campo Verano, some of iodoform is kept ten minutes in water of amulets in the form of divers animals, two about 14° to 15° C; whereas star-shaped and plates of lead with inscriptions, objects in often very complicated crystals are had at cornelian, and a ring of chalcedony. In the temperatures of 26° to 37°. Some other modnew quarter of the Castro Pretorio, near the ifications of the result are described by M. road which leads from the Porta San Lorenzo, Dogiel, in a paper recently published, and he two mosaic pavements have been discovered, also gives drawings of the crystals he obarranged in geometrical figures in chiaro- tained. oscuro. In the garden of the Ara Cæli has been found the head of a female, life size, of

A New METHOD OF TREATING ASIATIC baked earth, in the Etruscan style, and beauti

CHOLERA.-Asiatic cholera is so well known fully modelled, with traces of several colors

to be such a terribly fatal disease, that any still apparent. In the Strada Nazionale, the plan of treatment that gives promise of suc. terrace works brought to light a statuette in

cess must excite general interest. A method Greek marble, representing a male figure re

has lately been introduced by Surgeon-major cumbent and asleep. The head is covered

A. R. Hall, of the Army Medical Department, with a panula (hood formerly made of leather),

which, it is hoped, will lessen the mortality and by the side is an amphora.

caused by this fearsul malady. It consists in

putting sedatives under the skin, by means of THE SUN.-Secchi has published a report a small syringe (hypodermic injection), inon solar phenomena during the second half stead of giving stimulants by the stomach. of the year 1875. He finds a minimum of Surgeon-major Hall has served nearly twelve activity, the culminating epoch of which

years in Bengal, and has suffered from the would be in March 1876. The number of disease himself. In most accounts of the protuberances has been very varying, from 2 state of the patient in the cold stage, or color 3 one day to 10 or 12 the next. The jets of lapse of cholera, the heart is described as behydrogen were usually straight, even if at- ing very weak, and the whole nervous system taining 2' or occasionally 3' in height; an much exhausted. Stimulants have, therefore, indication of great tranquillity. The chromo- almost always been administered ; but expesphere was low at the equator, but often very rience has shown that they do more harm elevated (24" to 30'') at the poles, from the than good. Surgeon-major Hall observed, in displacement of maxima in that direction. his own case, while his skin was blue and

The RECENT TRANSIT.—The reduction of cold, and wher, he could not feel the pulse at the English observations is proceeding vigor- ble than usual! He therefore concluded that

his wrist, that his heart was beating more forci. ously under the superintendence of Captain Tupman. The amount of work involved has

the want of pulse at the wrist could not debeen marvellous. About 5000 transits of pend upon want of power in the heart. A

study of the works of a distinguished physistars were taken for the correction of clock and instrumental errors. The longitudes of ologist, Dr. Brown-Séquard, with some obserthe stations at Mauritius and Rodriguez were

vations of his own, suggested the idea, that measured from Suez by Lord Lindsay with

the whole nervous system is intensely irritated,

instead of being exhausted ; and that the fifty chronometers; and Mr. Burton has made more than 6000 microscopic measures

heart and all the arteries in the body are in a determine the optical distortion of the photo

state of spasmodic contraction. The muscuheliographs. It is self-evident that a consider

lar walls of the heart, therefore, work violentable time must elapse before the final result, ly, and squeeze the cavities, so that the whole even of the British observations, can be made

organ is smaller than it ought to be ; but it

cannot dilate as usual, and so known; and it is not as yet decided whether a separate value shall be deduced from these,

ceive much blood to pump to the wrist. Suror whether they are to be combined with the geon-major Hall looks upon the vomiting and results of all other nations.

purging as of secondary importance, but directs

special attention to the spasmodic condition IMITATION Snow CrysTALS.-M. Dogiel, of of the heart and lungs. The frequent vomitSt. Petersburg, selects a substance which ing generally causes anything that is given by


cannot re

the mouth to be immediately rejected ; so it martial pomps, the religious ceremonials, the occurred to him that as the nervous system wild festivities of barbarism. Was it not appeared to want soothing instead of stimulat- Layard who discovered small bronze bells in ing, powerful sedatives if put under the skin the palace of Nimroud ? Aaron's robe was would prove beneficial. A solution of chloral fringed with tiny bells of gold in token of his hydrate (which has a very depressing action office, just as the Kings of Persia and the on the heart) was employed in twenty cases

Princesses of Arabia wore golden bells upon where the patients were either in collapse, or their fingers and in their hair in token of their approaching it, and eighteen of these re- rank. Picture lovely Herodias dancing becovered. They were natives of Bengal. It is fore Herod, probable that, among Europeans, in severe “While from her long dark tresses, in a fall cases, more powerful depressants may be re

Of curls descending, bells as musical

As those that on the golden-shafted trees quired ; and Surgeon-major Hall recommends Of Eden shake in the eternal breeze the employment of solutions of Prussic acid, Rang round her steps.” Calabar bean, bromide of potassium, and

At the worship of Isis and Osiris, at the rites other true sedatives. Opium (which is not

of Cibele, at the mysteries of Bacchus, sculpreally a sedative, but a stimulating narcotic)

ture proves that bells were used They tolled and all alcoholic stimulants are to be avoided,

in the temples of Brahma, were worn on and nothing given to the patient to drink, in golden zone by the nautch girls, were shaken collapse, except cold water, of which he may

in Indian jungles by the fleet courier to scare have as much as he likes.

away the hyæna and the quan-eater. The continual jingling of the camels' bells is the

marked characteristic of the Oriental caravan, VARIETIES.

except in the desert, where their sound might BELLS.—To a greater extent than any other attract Bedouin freebooters to the spoil. author Charles Dickens recognizes and plays call (ordained by symbols

, baptized by bish

They are as distinctively the Christian churchwith the beauty of the bells. Even at an early age he began instinctively to classify bells

ops, christened by Popes) as trumpets were as the “delightful dinner bell," and the

the Jewish, as the muezzin was the Mahome

tan, the tocsin the Mexican, as the symbol was "abominable getting-up bell.” On his nurse's knee, spell-bound and agape, he lis. peculiar to the mythologies of the East, the

tom-tom to the rites of the African. At the tened to the thrilling legend which tells how

elevation of the Host, on the garments of some infant knight-errant of the reign of Edward III. “ rode a cock-horse to Banbury

Greek bishops, at feasts, funerals, triumphs, Cross, to see the fine lady who wore bells on

massacres, sounds the ubiquitous bell, even her toes, and bells upon her palfrey hung." in the very anathema of the Church : recollect He heard how the bull tolled the bell at the how the Pope, when Sir Ingoldsby Bray confuneral of poor Cock Robin; and that the

fessed to the murder of “only a bare-footed sounds of the Bow-bells, which summoned friar,” exclaimedlittle fortuneless Dick Whittington to

“Go fetch me a book ; go fetch me a bell

As big as a dustman's; and a candle as well ; again," echoed through his after-lise, is plain I'll send him where good manners won't let me tell.” from the fact that he recurs to the story again Again, recall how the great Lord Cardinal of and again, especially in “ Dombey and Son.”

Rheims solemnly called for his candle, his By the mouth of quaint little dreamy Paul

book, and his bell, and then excommunicated Dombey, Dickens evinces his child-love of the sacrilegious little jackdaw, causing its bells, asking the workman who was mending premature moulting and ultimate remorse, the clock at Dr. Blimber's academy for young

and discovery of the ring hidden in its nest gentlemen "a multitude of questions about

up in the belfry. Perhaps on account of clocks and chimes, as, whether people watch

their sacred character, perhaps because most ed up in the lonely church-steeples by night nations have endowed music with potency to to make them strike, and how the bells were

dispel delirium, depression, insanity, the peorung when people died, and whether those were different bells from wedding-bells, or only attributes: they could exorcise evil spirits,

ple invested church-bells with mysterious sounded dismal in the fancies of the living ;” calm hurricanes, defy lightning, appease the and then proceeding “to enlighten his new

bloodthirsty, expel disease ; lo ! are not these acquaintance on the subject of the curfewbell of ancient days,” and on the general his. things all written in Longfellow's “Golden

Legend ?"-Belgravia. tory of bells, as the precocious lad was well qualified to do, doubtless somewhat to this Max MULLER ON CHARLES KINGSLEY,effect: Bells, you must know, have, possibly Never shall I forget the moment when for the from the time of Jubal, always sounded in the last time I gazed upon the manly features of


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