« VorigeDoorgaan »
.southern provinces, and there, in like manner, pendent of the fact that several of its memthe eggs are hatched in the earth, and with bers met with violent deaths. The head of marvellous quickness.
It is said that if a this illustrious race, Michael Federovitch, packet of the eggs be carried in a man's died at forty-nine; Peter the Great was pocket, the heat of his body will hatch them scarcely fifty-three. The Empress Anne died in twelve hours. The Spanish government at forty-seven; the tender-hearted Elizabeth has sent soldiers into the threatened districts at fifty-one. Of Paul's four sons, Alexander with orders to dig and destroy. They must be died at forty-eight, Constantine at forty-two, active, for the numbers of the enemy are Nicholas at fifty-nine, and the Grand Duke almost incredible. It is on record that two Michael at fifty-one. In the houses of Saxony years ago a train was stopped by masses of and Prussia, on the contrary, examples of locusts piled up, like driven snow, along the longevity are far from rare. Frederick the railway. A Frenchman has discovered that Great, in spite of his continual wars and his pounded locusts squeezed up into round frequent excesses at table, was seventy-four; lumps are an attractive bait for fish.
Frederick William III. was seventy; the
is still hale and hearty. In all the countries VARIETIES.
of Europe,' families of octogenarians, nono. FAMILY LIKENESSES AND VITALITY.-In genarians, and centenarians may be cited. spite of certain alterations, the typical fea
On the ist of April, 1716, there died in Paris tures peculiar to the houses of Guise and Lor. a saddler of Doulevant, in Champagne, more raine were transmitted to all their descend. than a hundred years old. To inspire Louis ants through a long series of generations. XIV. with the flattering hope of living as The Bourbon countenance, the Condés' aqui- long, he was made, two years previously, to line nose, the thick and protruding lower lip present that monarch with a bouquet on St. bequeathed to the house of Austria by a Po. Louis' day. His father had lived one hunlish princess, are well-known instances. We
dred and thirteen years, his grandfather one ve only to look at a coin of our George III.
hundred and twelve. Jean Surrington, a farto be reminded of our present royal family.
mer in the environs of Berghem, lived to be During Addison's short ministry Mrs. Clarke,
one hundred and sixty. The day before his who solicited his favor, had been requested to
death, in complete possession of his mental bring with her the papers proving that she
faculties, he divided his property among his was Milton's daughter. But as soon as she
children ; the eldest was one hundred and entered his cabinet Addison said, “Madam, three, and, what is still inore extraordinary, I require no further evidence. Your resem.
the youngest was only nine. Jean Golemblance to your illustrious father is the best of biewski (the oldest man in the French army, all.” The Comte de Pont, who died in 1867,
is still alive), who accompanied King Stanis. at nearly a hundred, told Dr. Froissac that
las Leczinski into France, belonged to a famiduring the Restoration he often met in the ly of centenarians. His father lived to be one salons of M. Desmousseaux de Givre, prefect hundred and thirty. All the Year Round.
hundred and twenty-one, his grandmother one of Arras, a man at whose approach he shuddered as he would at the sight of an appari
The Secret of MACAULAY'S POPULARITY. tion, so wonderfully was he like Robespierre. –The first and most obvious secret of MacM. de Pont confided his impression to the aulay's place on popular bookshelves is that prefect, who told him, smiling at his preju. he has a true genius for narration, and narradice, that the person in question passed for tion will always in the eyes not only of our Robespierre's natural son; that, in fact, it squatters in the Australian bush, but of the was a matter of notoriety. Next to family many all over the world, stand first among likenesses vitality or the duration of life is literary gifts. The common run of plain men, the most important character transmitted by as has been noticed since the beginning of the inheritance. The two daughters of Victor world, are as eager as children for a story, and Amadeus II., the Duchess of Burgundy and like children they will embrace the man who her sister Marie Louise, married to Philip V., will tell them a story, with abundance of deboth remarkable for their beauty, died at tails and plenty of color, and a realistic assurtwenty-six. In the. Turgot family fifty years ance that it is no mere make-believe. Macwas the usual limit of life. The great minis. aulay never stops to brood over an incident ter, on the approach of that term, although in or a character, with an inner eye intent on good health, remarked to his friends that it penetrating to the lowest depth of motive and was time to put his affairs in order ; and he cause, to the furthest complexity of impulse, died, in fact, at fifty-three. In the house of calculation, and subtle incentive. The spirit Romanoff, the duration of life is short, inde- of analysis is not in him, and the divine spirit of meditation is not in him. His whole mind to the proper and natural way of breathing. runs in action and movement; it busies itself We believe that if people would only adopt with eager interest in all objective particulars. this simple habit-in other words, if they He is seized by the external and the superfic. would take for their rule in breathing, “Shut ial, and revels in every detail that appeals to your mouth!" there would be an immense the five senses. “ The brilliant Macaulay,' diminution in the two classes of affections, said Emerson, with slight exaggeration, “who namely, those of the lungs and throat, which expresses the tone of the English governing count many thousands of victims in this classes of the day, explicitly teaches that country in the course of a single year. Mar good means good to eat, good to wear, is the only animal which has acquired the material commodity.” So ready a faculty pernicious and often fatal habit of breathing of exultation in the exceeding great glories through the mouth. It commences in childof taste and touch, of loud sound and glit- hood, and becomes confirmed in adult life, tering spectacle, is a gift of the utmost often engendering consumption, chronic service to the narrator who craves im- bronchitis, relaxed sore throat, or some other mense audiences, Let it be said that if disease of the lungs or throat, which is set Macaulay exults in the details that go to our down usually to a different cause altogether. five senses, his sensuousness is always clean, In concluding this short article, we venture to manly, and fit for honest daylight and the sum- ask our readers to judge for themselves. mer sun. There is none of that curious odor When they step out in the morning into the of autumnal decay that clings to the passion fresh but cold air, let them try the difference of a more modern school for color and flavor of feeling arising from the two modes of and the enumerated treasures of subtle indul. breathing-through the nostrils and between gence.- The Fortnightly Review.
the lips. In the former case, they will find How to Breathe Properly.—Most people that they can breathe easily and freely, yet
with comfort, while the fresh air, warmed to breathe properly, often more by accident or instinct than by design ; but, on the other
the temperature of the body by its contact
with the nasal mucous membrane, is agreehand, hundreds of thousands do not breathe properly, while many thousands at this pre
able to the lungs; in the other case, if they
draw in a few inspirations between the parted sent moment are suffering from more or less severe affections of the lungs or throat, owing lips, the cold air, rushing in direct to the to a faulty mode of respiration-in other lungs, creates a feeling of coldness and diswords, because they breathe through the comfort, and an attack of coughing often mouth instead of through the nostrils. The
comes on.-Public Health. mouth has its own functions to perform in
TWO SONNETS. connection with eating, drinking, and speaking; and the nostrils have theirs-namely,
A GREY and leaden sky, without a break, smelling and breathing. In summer-time the
Shuts in the narrow world whereon I look, error of respiring through the mouth is not And, day by day, mine ears almost forget so evident as at the present season, when it
To miss the babbling of the ice-bound brook.
The woods stand rigid, ghostlike, draped in snow, is undoubtedly fraught with danger to the
Life is no longer there, nor pleasant sound, person who commits this mistake.
No breath is stirring in the bitter air, one breathes through the natural channel, the To bid them drop their burden to the ground. nostrils, the air passing over the mucous
The drift lies deeply piled before my door,
My little garden, touched by winter's breath, membrane lining the various chambers of the
Laid cold and smooth beneath his icy hand, nose becomes warmed to the temperature of Looks stark and changeless as the bed of death. the body before reaching the lungs; but if he 'Tis thus, my Heart, thy desolation chill takes in air between the lips and through the
Holds like cruel Winter, dumb and still. mouth, the cold air comes in contact with the delicate lining membrane of the throat and Spare me that clear, triumphant song of praise, lungs, and gives rise to a local chill, fre- Sweet thrush, with which thou welcomest the morn;
It wakes too keen a sorrow in my heart, quently ending in inflammation. Many persons, without knowing the reason why they Ye opening buds, ye sounds and scents of spring,
Who sigh to think another day is born. are benefited, wear respirators over the mouth So deeply interwoven with the past, in winter, if they happen to go out of doors. Ye touch the inmost fibre of my grief, By doing this they diminish the amount of
And bring the bitter memories thronging fast.
Not less the lilac crowns herself with bloom, air which enters between the lips, and vir
And bright laburnums shake their tasselled gold, tually compel themselves to breathe through Nor does the violet breathe one odor less the nostrils. But they could attain just the
Because my life is left me dark and cold ; same result by keeping the lips closed, a
Only while earth and sky such joy express,
I fain would turn me from their loveliness. habit which is easily acquired, and conduces
A. E. J.
1.- WINTER SORROW.