« VorigeDoorgaan »
* poured, from a gaping precipice, a torrent of streams; and I fee from the reverse of an opposite hill, an impetuous flood, • descending from the top to the finest points of view, in the wildest glins below.
What line I had with me, for experiments on waters and 6 holes, I applied to this loch, to discover the depth, but with • three hundred yards of whip-cord my lead could reach no <ground, and from thence, and the blackness of the water,
and the great issuing stream, I concluded, justly I think, that it went down to the great abyss, the vast treasury of
waters within the earth. Many such unfathomable lochs as " this have I seen, on the summits of mountains, in various
parts of the world, and from them, I suppose, the greatest part of that deluge of waters came that drowned the old world. This leads me to say something of the flood.
Many books have been written in relation to this affair, and while some contend for the overflowing of the whole earth to a very great heighth of waters--and fome for a partial deluge only_others will not allow there was any at all. The divine authority of Moses they disregard. For my part, I believe the flood was universal, and that all the high hills and mountains under the whole heaven, were covered. The cause was forty days heavy rain, and such an
agitation of the abyss by the finger of God, as not only •
broke up the great deep, to pour out water at many places, « but forced it out at fuch bottomless lochs as this I am speak
ing of on the mountains top, and from various swallows " in many places. This removes every objection from the « case of the deluge, and gives water enough in the space of
one hundred and fifty days, or five months of thirty days cach, to overtop the highest mountains by fifteen cubits,
the heighth designed. The abyss in strong commotion, or • violent uproar, by a power divine, could shake the incum. * bent globe to pieces in a few minutes, and bury the whole • ruins in the deep. To me, then, all the reafoning against the deluge, or for a partial flood, appear fad ftuff.
Were this one loch in Stainmore to pour out torrents of water, down every fide, for five months, by a divine force on part
of the abyss, as it might very easily by such means do, the • inundation would cover a great part of this land; and if < from every loch of the kind on the summits of mountains,
the waters, in like inanner, with the greatest violence, flowed from every side out of the abyss, and that exclusive of the heavy rains, an earthquake should open some parts of the ground, to let more water out of the great collec.
• tion, and the feas and oceans surpass their natural bounds, « by the winds forcing them over the earth, then would a uni
verfal flood very soon prevail. There is water enough for
the purpofe, and as to the supernatural ascent of them, natural • and supernatural are nothing at all different with respect to • God.' They are distinctions merely in our conceptions of
things. Regularly to move the sun or earth, and to stop its • motion for a day-to make the waters that covered the · whole earth at the creation, descend into the several recep
tacles prepared for them; and at the deluge to make them • ascend again to cover the whole earth, are the effect of one
and the fame Almighty Power; though we call one natural, and the other fupernatural. The one is the effect of no greater power than the other. With respect to God, one is not more or less natural, or fupernatural, than the other.
But how the waters of the deluge were drawn off at the .. end of the five months, is another question among the learn• ed. The ingenious Keile, who writ against the two inge• nious Theorists, says the thing is not at all accountable in • any natural way: the draining off, and drying of the earth < of such a huge column of waters, could only be effected by " the power of God: natural causes both in decrease, and the • increase of the waters, must have been vastly disproportion• ate to the effects ; ' 'and to miracles they must be ascribed.• This, I think, is as far from the truth, as the Theorists al• cribing both increase and decrease to natural causes. God was * the performer, to be fure, in the flood, and the going off, but * he made use of natural causes in both, that is, of the things • he had in the beginning created. The natural causes he is o the author of were at hand, and with them he could do the « work. The fun evaporated; the winds dried; and the wa* ters, no longer forced upwards from the abyss, subsided into the many swallows, or swallow-poles, that are still to be seen
in many places, on mountains, and in vallies; those on the 6 mountains being neceffáry to absorb that vast column of wa6 ters, which role fifteen cubits above the highest hills. VH A swallow is such another opening in the ground as Eldeni-hole, in Derbyshire *, and in travelling from the Peak
Elden-hole, in Derbyshire, is a mile south of Mam-tors, and is four miles of Buxton. It is a perpendicular gulph, or chasm,
* which I tried to fathom more than once, and found it by my line, av and by the measure of found, (at the rate of sixteen feet, one
twelfth, in one fecond, the measure Dr. Halley allows near the well JL:+993 Q9 3
to the northern extremity of Northumberland, I have seen many such holes in the earth, both on the hills, and in the
vales. I have likewise met with them in other countries. * By these swallows, a vast quantity of the waters, to be sure, • went down to the great receptacle; all that was not exhaled,
or licked up by the winds ; or, except what might be left to
increase the former seas of the antediluvian world into those • vast oceans which now encompass the globe, and partly to • form those vast lakes that are in several parts of the world.
These things easily account for the removal of that vast mass of waters which covered the earth, and was in a mighty co
lumn above the highest hills. Every difficulty disappears « before evaporation, the drying winds, the swallows, and per. haps, the turning seas into oceans : but the three first things « now named were sufficient, and the gentlemen who have
reasoned so ingeniously against one another about the remo
val of the waters, might have saved themselves a great deal < of trouble, if they had reduced the operation to three simple • things, under the direction of the First Cause. The swal• lows especially must do great work in the case, if we take « into their number not only very many open gulphs, or
charms, the depth of which no line or sound can reach; but « likewise the communications of very many parts of the sea, and
of many great unfathomable lochs, with the abyss. These
abforbers could easily receive what had before come out of • them. The sun by evaporation, with the wind, might take
away what was raised. There is nothing hard, then, in con• çeiving how the waters of the deluge were brought away,
But as to the lake I have mentioned, into which a rapid « Acod poured from the bowels of the mountain, what became • of this water the reader may enquire? To be sure, as it did
not run off in any streams, nor make the lake rise in the « least degree, there must have been a communication in some
parts of its bottom, between the water of it and the abyss. • As the loch on the top of the mountain I have described,
earth, for the descent of heavy bodies) to be 1 266 feet, or 422
yards, down to the water ; but how deep the water is, cannot be • known. I suppose, it reaches to the abyss. This chasm is forty
yards long above ground, and ten over at its broadest part: but • from the day there is a sloping descent of forty yards to the mouth • of the horrible pit, and this is only four yards long, and one and
an half broad. Two villains who were executed at Derby not • long ago, confessed at the gallows, that they threw a poor traveller * into this dreadful gulph, after they had robbed him.
had no feeders *, yet emitted streams, and therefore must be < supported by the abyss; so this lake, with so powerful a feeder,
not running over, or emitting water any way, must discharge ' itself in the abyss below. The case of it must be the same • as that of the Caspian sea. Into this sea many rivers pour, " and one in particular, the Volga I mean, that is more than « sufficient, in the quantity of water it turns out in a year, • to drown the whole world. Yet the Caspian remains in one
ftate, and does not overflow its banks, excepting, as before • observed, sometimes, in the space of . 16 years. It must
by passages communicate with the great deep. It refunds " the rivers into the great abyss. The case of the Mediter• ranean sea is the same; for, though a strong current from
the Atlantic continually sets through the Strait of Gibraltar, yet
these waters do not make it overflow the country round . it, and of consequence, they must be carried off by a subterranean paffage, or passages, to the abyss.
From the lake our Author proceeded the next morning towards the North-east end of Westmorland; and in pursuance of his rout, he meets with variety of amazing scenes; and is absolutely bewildered and lost among the most surprizing and ftupendous mountains, vales, woods, rivers, precipices, and
In the most unfrequented part of all this wondrous waste, however, he at length happily arrives at a surprizing kind of natural grotto: a perfect Paradise, inhabited only by women--and, indeed, as that was the case, how could it be any other than a Paradise ?
An old woman, who seems to have officiated as porter, welcomed Mr. Buncle to this North-of-England Eden, gave him an account of the place, and told him it was called Burcott-lodge.
* Here our Author takes a very material point for granted, but which, we imagine, ought rather to have been proved. He says, he saw a loch on the top of a mountain-He says, too, that he has seen many such-which had no feeders. This, however, is not sufficient to establish a fact that is generally denied by the belt Naturalists. They will not allow, that such waters are any where to be met with on the actual summits of hills, or mountains; but that, on examination, they are always found to lie lower than the very fummit: and they affirm, that, in fact, such waters, or fountains, have the streams issuing from the strata that lie above their leve', for their feeders; or, that they are supplied from some higher adjacent hill, whose waters finking into the earth, rise again, by the fountains, or lochs, in queition, to nearly the fame height from which hey before descended. Qq4
" We are an hundred souls in all, that live here, said the, " and our Mistress, Superior and Head, is a young woman. “ Her name is Azora. Yonder she comes, goodness itself, " and as it is now seven in the evening, too late to proceed “ any farther in this part of the world, you had better walk up “ to her, and pay her your respects." Great was my surprize. ( at what I heard. A little female republic among those hills
was news indeed: and when I came near Azora, my afto. « nishment increased.
• She was attended by ten young women, strait, clean, - handsome girls, and surpassed them in tallness. Her coun(tenance was masculine, but not austere:" her fine blue
eyes « discovered an excellence of temper, while they shewed the
penetration of her mind. Her hair was brown, bright, and charming; and nature had stamped upon her cheeks a colour
that exceeded the most beautiful red of the finest Aower. • It was continually as the maiden-blush of a modest inno..
She was dressed in a fine woollen stuff, made in the & manner shepherdesses are painted, and on her head had a. 6-band, or fillet, like what the ladies now wear, with a bunch ! of artificial flowers in her hair. She had a very small straw " hat on.-In her hand, the held a long and pretty crook :
and as her coats were short, her feet was seen in black silk ç shoes, and the finest white ftockings, and appeared vastly
pretty. She struck me greatly. She was a charming, and • uncommon figure.'
After some proper questions on the part of the lady, and satisfactory answers on the part of the gentleman, the latter was invited, by the hospitable fair, to make that place his inn, till he was refreshed, and able to proceed on his journey. And now comes a full and true account of this uncommon female community, which takes up near fixty pages of these Memoirs, The ladies were not less beautiful, learned, and pious, than Mr. Buncle's ladies usually are; and, besides being deeply skilled in religion, the Principal, and one or two others, were furprizing adepts in mathematics.-- In a word, those who have a taste for things extremely strange and surprizing, will find great entertainment in this
part of our Author's work. From Burcott-lodge our Traveller-errant wanders away, over hill and dale, continuing his look out for the house of his friend Turner; much in the same manner that your Knights of old proceeded in search of stray damsels and captive-princeffes. The farther Mr. Buncle goes, the more wonders he meets with ; till at length a cataract had like to have swept away his trusty 'Squire, OʻFin. This accident gives rise to