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be taken, or fhould fail of success, our ruin would then become vilble.
A brief view of our present state, both abroad and at home, with an eye both to prospects and retrospects, is the business of his next section ;-and the great inference deduced from all, is, the expedience of a Parliamentary Enquiry, for which, he pro. pounces, there is sufficient foundation,
IV. A Dutiful Address to the Throne, upon the present State of Great Britain. 8vo. 6 d. Scott.
A thing which ought to have been called, A Leffon to the Throne : for tho' the Dictator of it is but in the Horn-book even of modern politics, he has had the temerity, or fimplicity, or both, to take greater liberties in it, with his royal Pupil, than any of the Grand Juries or Corporations, not excepting the city of London, or county of York, have presumed to do: which, in one sense, is the least that can be said, and, in another, is the most that needs be said, of such a performance.
V. An Address to the Electors of England. 8vo. I S. Cooper.
The Electors of Scotland, it seems, were not worthy the confideration of so great a man as the Addresser. And how great a man he is, we may collect, not only from the sanction he bestows on the Fourth Letter to the People of England, in which he tells us, all our present miseries and miscarriages are exhibited with all the power of thought and language; but from what he afterwards writes of himself, page 37, as follows. • I doubt not,
Gen hen, but many of you, as well as myself, have read every thing that either ancient or modern Authors have written upon Government.' And again, p. 41, I do affure you, upon the word of a Gentleman (and tho’ I do not fet my name to this pamphlet, it may, notwithstanding all the precautions I
can take, be known that I am the Author of it ; in which case, ' if the assurance I now give you, is not true, I fall be looked
upon as the worst of men) i do affure you then, that I never ? have received, nor ever expect to receive, any favour from any • Miniltry,' Now the subject which has thus employed the ma fterly pen of this very important Egotist, is a recommendation of two points to the public, (for the thing cannot be called a difcussion of either of them) as all that is necessary to our political Regeneration These two laws, I am perfuaded,' says he,
would Atrike the Court of Versailles with greater terror,
manufacturers of a Nostrum, 'for instance, called the Popular Pill, will tell you, it is a sovereign remedy for all maladies, past, prefent, and to come; or as Teague might otherwise chuse to express himself, a Salve for every Sore. But the trae Phyfician, who knows exactly the state of your conftitution, and the power of the drugs he is to make use of, will tell you fairly, first, That there are none in the Materia Medica of fuch universal efficacy ; and, secondly, That the more force and virtue there is in the dose, the more danger will arise from an undue application.
And whereas, alio, this very modeft Writer, has thought fit to rank himself, p. 52, among the forft advisers of these falatary Measures, it may not be improper to intimate, that no mani was ever seduced by his vanity into a more flagrant mistake: it being notorious to any one, ever so little conversant in our national story, that no two points relating to it, have been more ably and more warmly discussed, or more frequently refumed, ban chese. Some pieces, on both subjects, he might have found in Darby's Collection of Tracts, relating to the reign of King William; and several more of the same period, are Itill to be produced out of private Collections. And if we descend nearer the present day, over and above the noble plan, of the noble Lord, cited in this abortive piece, p. 18, another, calculated for the whole British Empire, by a Gentleman of great eminence in the West-ladies, was printed for A. Millar, in the year 1745, about which time Annual Parliaments were also ftrenuously contended for, in another spirited performance, now lying before us.
But the very name of this political Mushroom had not been so much as heard of, at this time ; and if we now find him, not only crowding in among his betters, (as he, or such another as he, if there is, or can be such another, was once observed to do, on the floor of the Hof C -s) but insisting also, on going halves with them in Merit and Reputation,-a charitable reference to the famous Fable of the Apples and the Horse. Dung, may teach him to be less assuming, and more discreet, for the time to come.
VI. Britain's Glory Displayed: or Ways and Means found out, whereby to raise Men and Money, towards the Support of the present War, without affecting the industrious Subject, &c. Designed for the good of these Kingdoms. By J. C. G. 8vo. Is. 6d. Corbet.
This appears to be the work of an honeft, intelligent, conscientious, romantic man. He knows a good deal, expreffes, him. self always sensibly, often shrewdly; and doubtless means, what he professes, The good of Mankind :: but then he does not seem to be aware of a flight objection which lies againit most of his Propositions, --That they are impracticable.
Raising men for the war,--Raising money to maintain them,--and, Recovering from France and Spain, wherewithal to repair
the damages, we have fustained from either, or both, are the chief topics he treats of.
Under the first, he would have our levies made out of the poorer Jews, the Frencb Refugees, pettifoging Lawyers, Bailiffs and their Followers ;
-worthless, immoral, and cureless Clergymen, Quacks, Hireling Witnesses, Bullies, and Gamblers, Gentlemen's Servants, and idle, lazy, fottish, spendthrift, Handyeraftsmen.
For levies of Money, he refers us to the richer Jews; the beneficed Clergy, of every fect and denomination ; Gentlemen of the Law ; Ladies, [by voluntary subscription] ; Physicians ; Pablic Officers, 10 per cent. with an exception to their indigent and miserable underlings and descending to Pawn-Brokers, he recommends, very rationally, the vefting that whole business in the Government, by erecting a new office, by way of appendage to the Treasury: that the wants of individuals might be supplied at 10 per cent, instead of 30, at least.
Lastly, For the reparation of our national damages, from France and Spain, on a fuppofition, to be hoped groundless, that the latter, taking advantage of our misfortunes, should break with us, like the former ; he revives the old plan of reducing Buenos Ayres, and annexing it to the Crown: and the giving new life and vigour to our African Trade, (now in a perishing condition) in order to deprive the French of the benefits they at prefent derive from it.
VII. A Letter to the Right Hon. William Pitt, Esq; Being an impartial Vindication of the Conduct of the Ministry, from the present War to this Time: In answer to the Asperfions caft upon them by Admiral Byng, and his Advocates, 8vo. 19. Philip Hodges.
All Title: Page ! VIII. The Resignation: or, the Fox out of the Pit, and the Geese in, with B-g at the Bottom. 8vo. 6d. Scott.
The pamphlet which hath this bundle of conceits for its title, is writ by one of those new-fangled Patriots, that can discourse by the hour of the misfortunes and miseries of his country, with all the facetiousness and pleasantry imaginable ; for which he asa signs no better reason than is to be gathered from his first paragraph; namely, That as the period he writes at, is not to be paralleled in any biftory, so our writings should keep pace with our actions.
A smart, but superficial, sketch of our public conduct, from our first unamicable collufions with France, about our Colonies, to the time of Mr. Fx's resignation, so biassed all the way, as to make the whole appear as crooked as possible, and yet maintained to be critically true,--takes up full three parts in four of his performance; and then, having taken it into his head, to
fancy Mr. F- was either the sole, or the fole-directing Minister for almoft twelve months of this time, consequently accountable for whatsoever has been done amiss, or left undone, in that interval, he proceeds to amuse himself, and bewilder his Readers, with a maze of conjectures, to account for that Gentleman's difmiffion; most of them at war with his first proposition, if not with one another; and all terminating with this caution : Let
not Resignations, my countrymen, serve the place of Enquiry ;
*-nor malversation, tho' coloured over with the false fmeer of • Patriotism, pass unexamined.ur Ministers may have been • honest, let them prove themselves so.'
IX. The Conduct of the Ministry impartially examined. In a Letter to the Merchants of London. 8vo. 15. Bladon.
Of all the pamphlets which either the paifions or intereits of men have lately given rise to, (and it is reaionable to think, that a greater number, in the same space of time, never before cloyed the curiosity of the public) this is, on many accounts, most worthy cur serious confideration. The Author, a very a not only acknowleges, that the present situation of our affairs is extremely critical, but that it calls loudly upon us, to exainine how we have been brought into it? and tho he propotes to snake that examination himself, without prejudice or affection, it is plain, that he is the chosen advocate of one part, at least, of the adminiftration. As, therefore, he reasons very fairly of the necessity of subordination, and the decency to be observed in our deportment towards our fuperiors, so every plea set forth in their name, merits a proportionable degree of respect and obfervance -This Gentleman, moreover, avows a perfect indifference as to the rank that may be assigned him as a writer, fets Grub-street, and all its powers, at open defiance, insuch terms of contempt, as shews he neither intends to give or take quarter from them; and what is of abundantly more consequence to the public, declares, that he intends neither panegyric nor abuse ; that he has no cause to serve, but that of Truth and his Country; that if he any where imposes on his readers, he has first been imposed upon himself; that he has, however, left nothing undone to avoid such a misfortune, but, on the contrary, has exerted his best endeavours to procure every light, every information, which a private man could, by the molt deliberate research, arrive at the knowlege of : the result of which enquiry he promises to lay fairly before the Gentlemen he addresses. ---All the information, therefore, to be expected from our superiors, is to be expected through this conveyance.--And as the matter is thus momentous, so the manner is the most artful imaginable.Condescention, infinuation, and every species of plausibility, are inwoven through the whole web. --So that if satisfaction is not to be procured by so much intclligence, and so much address, it is not to be procured at all.-Having selected some half-informed aathor, whom he does not
condescend to name, and who has suffered his pen to run riot on the popular fide, without once thinking of a maxim he ought never to have lost fight of, That Opposition must never be in the wrong ; he detects, and exposes, both the ignorance and malig, nity of that writer, in the strongest colours he can lay on; and, on the credit of his victory and triumph, over this flight adversary, he establuhes his own character and confideration. The point thus litigated, relates to our first settlements on the Ohio ; the encroachments of the French, the confiscating the goods of our traders there, the making the owners prisoners, and sending them as such, to Rochelle, in France : One party affirming, in the most positive and dogmatical terms, that, instead of reclaiming these men as British subjects, unjustly seized and detained, and demanding reparation for the wrongs they had received, our Am bassador at Paris, was ordered by the Ministry, to folicit their discharge as a favour, acknowleging their offence ;-and the other proving, from papers of the highest authority, laid before the House of Lords, not only, that the men were reclaimed as subjects, that a reftitution of their effects was demanded, together with ample satisfaction for the wrongs and losses they had suffered, but, that a merchant at Rochelle, was also empowered by the Secretary of State, to supply them with money, to defray the expence
of their journey home, in case they were not already departed; all which was accompanied with strong complaints of proceedings fo unjust, and as strong a requisicion, that the French Commander in America, should be obliged, both to dedefift, for the time to come, and immediately to raze the fort he had caused to be built on the Niagara. Our Author's introductiion ; his invective against writers of incendiary-letters; and the discussion of this affair, take up about a third of his pamphlet.
He then employs a paragraph in placing the present war to the account of the people; who, it must be owned, did call for it, as the only means left them, to keep an encroaching, inveterate enemy, within due bounds: tho' they have appeared disfatificd with the conduct of it.
His next section gives an account of our Marine proceedings ; the squadrons employed; number of thips, guns, &c, by whom commanded; when they failed, and returned ; on what expeditions; and all but their inftruétions and exploits. The former, the laws of prudence would not fuffer him to expose ; and if, with respect to the latter, we meet with nothing but dilappointments, turbulent weather, -- latitude of feas,- dexterity in improving every advantage on the enemy's fidemand fome unac
countable fatality on our own,--thefe, it ieems, must answer for it: .. the same plan which had succeeded so well in the last war, was
pursued in this; and the fame Officers who had distinguished themselves then, were employed now.
To prevent, and intercept, the enemy, was the great object in "view, tho' we failed in both: and that the adminiftration might leave nothing undone on their part, it was resolved to hop all