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the superintendent being their counselor, | (the judges of probate being commissionand affording advice and aid whenever re ers ex officio,) in the various towns in the quested. In addition to the three homes, state, before whom the girls are brought, is a house for the superintendent, who is and who have authority to commit them also the chaplain of the institution ; a house to the institution for the term of their for the farmer, and a chapel. The school minority. The object of the school is to is situated in the quiet and beautiful old succor and save such girls, under sixteen, town of Lancaster, about thirty miles from as are exposed to a life of crime, through Boston ; a little aside from the main routes orphanage, vagrancy, unsuitable homes, of travel, but of easy access from all parts etc.; or have been guilty of acts of petty of the state. The town, with its village crime, but have not become habitual and hamlets, stretches along the two branches hardened criminals. It is painful to know of the Nashua, which unite a short dis- how large are the statistics of these classes, tance from the institution and flow at the even in our most Christian Massachusetts. foot of the farm. The great feature of the In the city of Boston alone, the chief of town is its wonderful growth of elms, which police returns, as the result of a careful line all the woods and embower the private examination, four hundred girls under sixresidences. The plateau upon which the teen exposed to almost certain ruin, and school buildings are erected is thickly yet still children, and nearly nine hundred studded with elms of, a hundred years' just over sixteen. What a future is before growth, which cover its buildings and lawn these girls! What an expense will they with their venerable arms.
be to the city and the state, and after all Besides the family system, the institu- be lost! As a simple question of economy, tion differs from others in that its subjects how much cheaper to gather them up from are saved from the dishonor of a sentence their homes of sin and destitution, and train from a criminal tribunal. No girl is sent them to habits of industry and virtue ! to it from the courts ; but special commis At the present writing, less than six sioners are appointed by the executive, months since the opening of the school,
some sixty girls, between the ages of eight to this, after a pupil has remained long and sixteen, averaging about twelve, have enough to awaken a personal affection for been received. The present building can the matrons, than parents do in reference accommodate ninety, and there is abundant to their children. The trustees reason room for the construction of edifices for that it is better to be subjected to some the homes of two or three hundred inmates, inconvenience in securing the return of the institution being situated upon a farm fugitives, if, on rare occasions, there are of a hundred acres. The girls under the attempts to leave the premises, than to supervision of the matrons, perform the break so seriously into the family plan as house-work, attend to the dairy, make their to introduce physical restraint. In the own garments, and soon will be able to aid case of two thirds of the present inmates, with their needles in the support of the no ordinary inducement could lead them institution. About three hours dayly are to leave without permission. The punishdevoted to the school. Prayers are con- ments are simple, appealing rather to the ducted by the chaplain in the presence of moral sense than to a fear of bodily sufferall the families in the chapel, in the morning. The discipline chiefly relied upon, ing; the evening devotions take place in and thus far failing in no instance, is sethe several families under the direction of clusion from their companions in their own the matrons. Services adapted to the age or another room, with a light diet, and the and character of the children are held on affectionate and Christian expostulation of Sunday in the chapel.
the matron. The most impertinent and Painful revelations are made by the dis- obstinate, after a period of exclusion from closures of these girls, of the exposure of the society of their companions, and of rechildren and the powerful influences that flection, yield to the discipline of the school. draw them toward a life of crime. In a The fact that they themselves measure the majority of cases there has been a change period of their seclusion, and the weight in their domestic relations; a large number of the punishment, soon quenches the fire have step-mothers; some step-fathers; in of passion by which their stubbornness was other cases the parents have separated or aroused. They respond quite readily to are deceased. In a number of instances the direct and kind religious instruction, they have suffered from the intemperance which in most cases for the first time in of parents. There is hardly one of them their life they receive ; and the most but was so exposed to temptation, or had effectual element of discipline is found to so far fallen under it, as to create a strong be the newly awakened sense of self-represumption of ultimate ruin if not at once spect, and the consciousness that the eye rescued, and there is scarcely one that of God rests continually upon them. does not, with the Divine blessing, afford a These girls are placed in the institution fair promise of hopeful reformation. Their until their majority, but the trustees have appearance is often squalid in the extreme authority to bind them out in suitable famwhen they first make their appearance. ilies, whenever in their judgment it will They come from homes of sin and from an be for the best interests of the child that atmosphere of moral impurity. The mis- this should be done, or when the work of erable rags that cover them are at once reformation is so far completed as to give committed to the flames, the grimed bodies them confidence in the future integrity and to an unwonted bath, and it is wonderful virtue of their previous wards. Our space to notice how early also the new and pow. will not admit of a reference to the intererful spiritual influences seem to transfigure esting personal incidents which are prethe character of the child.
sented in the first report to the Legislature. The school differs from others of the In so short an experiment marked results same class, in that it proposes to retain its could not be expected, but ample time has subjects solely by a moral and social power been allowed to show the feasibility of the rather than by walls, locks, and bars. It system upon which it is founded. As the is surrounded by a simple paling fence, family is a Divine institution, and is the and the girls take their exercise as freely best nursery of childhood, so when the upon the lawn as children of the common state assumes the care of its orphaned, or schools. There have been (in six months) worse than orphaned, children, she should but two slight attempts to escape, and the place herself as nearly as possible in the officers feel no more anxiety in reference parental attitude.
Come, bright improvement! on the car of Truth shall pervade th' unfathom'd darkness time,
there, And rule the spacious world from clime to clime; And light the dreadful features of despair. Thy handmaid arts shall every wild explore, Hark! the stern captive spurns his beavy load, Trace every wave, and culture every shore. And asks the image back that Heaven beOn Erie's banks, where tigers steal along,
stow'd! And the dread Indian chants a dismal song; Fierce in his eye the fire of valor burns, Where human fiends on midnight errands walk, And, as the slave departs, the man returns ! And bathe in brains the murderous tomahawk; There shall the flocks on thymy pasture stray, And shepherds dance at summer's opening day;
Ye fond adorers of departed fame, Each wandering genius of the lonely glen
Who warm at Scipio's worth, or Tully's name! Shall start to view the glittering haunts of men;
Ye that, in fancied vision, can admire And silent watch, on woodland heights around, The sword of Brutus, and the Theban lyre ! The village curfew, as it tolls profound. Rapt in historic ardor, who adore
Each classic haunt, and well-remember'd shore,
Where valor tuned, amid her chosen throng, Where barb'rous hordes on Scythian mount- The Thracian trumpet and the Spartan song; ains roam,
Or, wand'ring tbence, behold the later charms Truth, Mercy, Freedom yet shall find a home; Of England's glory and Helvetia's arms! Where'er degraded nature bleeds and pines, See Roman fire in Hampden's bosom swell, From Guinea's coast to Sibir's dreary mines, And fate and freedom in the shaft of Tell!
Say, ye fond zealots to the worth of yore,
Yes ! in that generous cause, forever strong, The patriot's virtue and the poet's song, Still, as the tide of ages rolls away, Shall charm the world, unconscious of decay.
In joyous youth, what soul hath never known Thought, feeling, taste, harmonious to its own ? Who hath not paused while beauty's pensive
eye Ask'd from his heart the homage of a sigh? Who hath not own'd, with rapture-smitten frame, The power of grace, the magic of a name?
There be, perhaps, who barren hearts arow, Cold as the rocks on Torneo's hoary brow; There be, whose loveless wisdom never fail'd, In self-adoring pride securely mail'd : But, triumph not, ye peace-enamor'd few ! Fire, nature, genius never dwelt with you!
For you no fancy consecrates the scene
Thrice the sad father tore thee from his heart, Where rapture utter'd vows, and wept between; And thrice return'd, to bless thee, and to part; 'Tis yours, unmoved, to sever and to meet ; Thrice from his trembling lips he murmur'd low No pledge is sacred, and no home is sweet ! The plaint that own'd unutterable woe;
Till faith, prevailing o'er his sullen doom, Who that would ask a heart to dullness wed, As bursts the morn on night's unfathom'd The waveless calm, the slumber of the dead ?
gloom, No; the wild bliss of nature needs alloy, Lured his dim eye to deathless hopes sublime, And fear and sorrow fan the fire of joy! Beyond the realms of nature and of time ! And say, without our hopes, without our fears, Without the home that plighted love endears,
“And weep not thus," he cried, “young Without the smile from partial beauty won,
Ellenore ! 0! what were man? a world without a sun! My bosom bleeds, but soon shall bleed no more!
Short shall this half-extinguish'd spirit burn,
And soon these limbs to kindred dust return ! What plaintive sobs thy filial spirit drew, But not, my child, with life's precarious fire, What sorrow choked thy long and last adieu, The immortal ties of nature shall expire; Daughter of Conrad I when he heard his knell, These shall resist the triumph of decay, And bade his country and his child farewell! When time is o'er, and worlds have pass'd away! Doom'd the long isles of Sidney Cove to see, Cold in the dust this perish'd heart may lie, The martyr of his crimes, but true to thee. But that which warm'd it once shall never die!
That spark unburied in its mortal frame, And when the dream of troubled fancy sees
Who will protect thee, helpless Ellenore ? “Yet, on the barren shore and stormy deep,
Shall secret scenes thy filial sorrows hide, One tedious watch is Conrad doom'd to weep;
Scorn'd by the world, to factious guilt allied ? But when I gain the home without a friend,
Ah! no; methinks the generous and the And press th' uneasy couch where none attend,
good This last embrace, still cherish'd in my heart,
Will woo thee from the shades of solitude ! Shall calm the struggling spirit ere it part !
O'er friendless grief compassion shall awake, Thy darling form shall seem to hover nigh,
And smile on innocence, for mercy's sake !" And hush the groan of life's last agony! “ Farewell! when strangers lift thy father's Inspiring thought of rapture yet to be, bier,
The tears of love were hopeless, but for thee! And place my nameless stone without a tear; If in that frame no deathless spirit.dwell, When each returning pledge hath told my If that faint murmur be the last farewell, child
If fate unite the faithful but to part, That Conrad's tomb is on the desert piled; Why is their memory sacred to the heart ?