speedy revenge in kind by directing one “I do call him enemy- a bitter, cold, gleam froin the lamp of truth to a dark unfeeling, malicious, calculating, calumniniche in the history of the past? Was ating enemy.” not Charles Harpur afraid of its being "Love your enemies,' then, dear brothknown the next day, through all Mudbo-er; these are not my words, you know; rough, how few steps there had once been do good to them that hate you ;' though, between him and black ruin? Did he not after all, I do not believe that Mr. Harpur consider how ill past delinquencies would can hate you." couple and comport with the credit of his “I verily believe he does, Clara ; there present commercial position ?

are some men that seem to take in a fresh Well, it is not unlikely that he had stock of dislike for every benefit they reconsidered this, and was not at all afraid.ceive; and what can you do with such There is an old sentence written in an old people ?" book, dear reader, and written elsewhere Be not overcome with evil; but overtoo, if we are not mistaken : “ The right come evil with good ;' and these, again, eous is more excellent than his neigh- are not my words.” bor." There is a world of truth here, “ It is very hard, sister ; I really believe reader ; and you know it. Charles Har- I could have done almost anything for that per knew it, at all events; and while man once." violating the sanctity of confidence and " You don't do yourself justice, Abrafriendship, he felt perfectly at ease in the ham; you would do anything in reason and conviction that his secret was firmly prudence and justice to-morrow, if need locked in the bosom of his former friend. were, and you had the opportunity. And, “ He won't retort upon me; he won't be after all, dear brother, you take this too tray me; I know he won't. It would be much to heart. What harm can these silly, against his principles to do it.”

nonsensical verses do you? Isn't it a Verily, “the righteous is more excel- good thing they have nothing worse to lay lent than his neighbor;" and his neighbor to your charge ?" knows it.

“What harm! Why, they won't break

my bones, of course ; but you should have “I am afraid I shall never be able to been with me this evening, Clara, as I was forgive him.” It was the third time that coming home, and heard what I heard from evening—the evening after the election a pack of half-drunken wretches that stopwas over, as our readers may remember, ped up the road, and wouldn't let me pass that Abrabam Reid had uttered these till they had shouted that fellow's doggrel words : no, I think I never can." in my ears."

“ Yes, you will, Abra m," said his "I wish I had been with you, brother, sister, with a kindly smile ; “it is unkind, if my being there would have relieved you treacherous, wicked; but for all that you of any part of the pain you felt. But will forgive him.”

never mind, don't let us say any more “ But, Clara, you do not know how it about it now. The election is over; and wounds me. If it were anybody else, I in a week all will be forgotten-and for. could bear it. But to think, after all given.” that has passed between us, that he-he Never, Clara, I am afraid ; never." -should sport with my feelings in this way, and turn my very sorrows into a It was but a few months after the elecjest, and expose my weaknesses; it is tion, that our two nameless committeetoo bad."

men met in the street, or the market-place, • How oft shall my brother trespass or the field ; it is not of much importance against me, and I forgive him ?'” Clara to know where. quoted these words again, and took Abra “ What do you say to to-day's news ?" ham's hand, and looked mildly in his face, " News! what news ?" in her calm and peaceful way.

“ Heigh! haven't you heard that Harpur “ Brother!" exclaimed Mr. Reid, pas- has stopped payment ?" sionately : “my brother! a pretty brother “Really, you don't say so!” (the old erCharles Harpur has proved himself!" clamation ;) “ stopped payment! Harpur!

“ Call him enemy, then, dear Abra- I should never have guessed that. I ham ; and what follows ?"

should have said he was firm as a bank."

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“Firm as a bank, perhaps-yes. Stop- former benefactor, injured friend, and now, ped payment, though, for all that. I hope as he had reason enough in himself to beyou are not in there."

lieve, his enemy. There was no help for No, luckily enough, I owe him some- it. His other creditors had signed off. thing ; not much, however: but how has Abraham Reid was the only one who had it come about ?"

not. This was left to the last. Overtrading, I fancy. He would do Abraham raised his eyes as Harpur enbusiness, and struck out beyond his means : tered, but he did not speak; and silently that's one thing. But I fancy Dobson's the humbled bankrupt laid before him the bankruptcy gave Harpur the last shake. paper wanting his signature. There are bills floating about between them “Will you sign it ?” he asked in a low to a heavyish amount, and Harpur knew and troubled voice. he could not take them up; so he has not

No answer. Mr. Reid was busily lookwaited for that upshot, but after trying to ing into his pocket-book. He at length get accommodation at the banks, and not found what he was in search of, and handsucceeding, he made up his mind to stop ed it to Harpur: “Abraham's Courtship; at once."

or, “Many a Slip 'tween the Cup and the “ As well so, perhaps, as anyhow: poor Lip.'” fellow, I am sorry for him, too. A clever


know the author of that, sir ?" fellow, and the right stripe. It will be a he asked. loss to our side, mind you."

“ You won't trample on a fallen foe," “0, I don't know ; he was more talk said the bankrupt, beseechingly. “You than do. By the way, you remember that said I should repent writing that, and from squib of his, “Many a Slip 'tween the Cup my heart and soul I do. It was ungrateand the Lip.'

ful, treacherous, and wicked ; but you will “ To be sure I do. Ah! didn't it make not carry revenge beyond bounds. You poor Abraham wince a bit ? This will be surely are revenged enough already.” a nut for Reid to crack. I heard that he “I never threatened revenge, Charles, threatened to be revenged on Harpur and neither sought it nor wished for it. some day or other.”

I did think and fear that I never could for“ He may take his revenge now, then. give you; but that thought and fear have I fancy Harpur wishes his hand had been passed away. But your repentance is not chopped off before he had written that deep enough.” nonsense.

He dipped his pen in ink, and signed the “ If he had he wouldn't have written it paper. afterward, I suppose ; but why? I was “ Thanks, Mr. Reid ; thanks for that. told that Harpur bragged that he did not I scarcely dared expect it.” owe Reid anything, and would take care “I shall never, I hope, allow private not."

resentment to influence public duty,” said Humph! people don't always know Abraham; "you may have acted a little their creditors when they see them. Reid imprudently, but not dishonestly or disis one of the largest creditors, as it hap- honorably. So you owe me no especial pens.”

thanks. And now, Charles, what are you “Indeed! why, how can that be ?" going to do ?"

“Easily enough ; and none of Harpur's The cloud of despondency returned. doings, either. The fact is, Dobson's ac- He hoped he should be able to commence ceptances had got into Reid's hands in the business again in a small way, Harpur regular way of business, before the bank- said ; but his friends looked coldly upon ruptcy; and now, of course, Reid holds him. them against Harpur. 'Tis as plain as " And your wife and family, CharlesA, B, C.”

how are they now provided for ?" Poor Harpur! it will go

hard The poor bankrupt burst into tears. with him then, I am afraid. A wife and We will not retail the conversation that family too."

followed. Harpur shortly afterward left

the counting-house, agitated with conflictA few weeks later, with leaden foot-ing emotions. A change had passed over steps and downcast countenance, Charles his spirits and his prospects. Hope was Harpur entered the counting-house of his / rising upon him, but his heart was burdened.

VOL. XI.-38

6 I see.


66 Coals of fire !'” he muttered to himself; has access to the leaves of the spicewood, “if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he which constitute its favorite and probably thirst, give him drink; for in so doing its exclusive nourishment, it feeds vorathou shalt heap coals of fire upon his head.' ciously, and grows rapidly. It moults • Coals of fire!' I never knew the meaning four or five times, and after each change of that till now."

exhibits a notable increase in size, and in the depth of its coloring. When it has at

tained the maturity of its development, it THE SPICEWOOD MOTH-ITS WORKS presents itself as a large and magnificent AND WAYS.

caterpillar, two inches in length, and one

third of an inch in thickness. It is a fine HE Spicewood Moth is not distin- green hue, except the head, which is brown,


guished, like its generic associate, the and six cornua or projections, four of which silk-moth, for the fabrication of a product are red, and the remaining two yellow. tributary to the convenience and luxury of The red cornua are placed upon the ante

It is remarkable, however, for the rior portion of the body, and the yellow singular instinct which it displays in the ones upon one of the terminal segments. construction and disposition of its cocoon; The larva spins it cocoon in the month while it exhibits all those latent features of September. Having ceased to eat, it of interest which are appreciable only by looks around, as if engaged in reconnoiterthe zealous student of nature. Peale, in ing. Selecting a perfect leaf, it covers its his Lepidoptera Americana, has given a upper surface with a fine light yellowish very interesting account of this insect, but brown silk. It then extends this silky the materials of the following brief essay coating along the footstalk of the leaf, and are chiefly drawn from my own observa- also for a considerable distance along the tions.

branch to which the leaf is attached. As The eggs of the spicewood moth, to be- if aware that the leaf is deciduous, and gin in my stereotyped fashion, are lenticu- destined soon to fall, it provides against lar in form, and concave upon each side. the event, by securing its cocoon to the They are of a dull white color, except the durable branch. What a beautiful display lateral dimples, which are filled with a dark of instinct ! The larva next draws the matter, which, though originally soft, soon edges of the leaf together, and fastens them becomes concrete and hard. Their great with threads of silk. Having formed this est measurement is rather more than a outer covering, it then proceeds to form line. They are deposited in little clusters its cocoon within it. By means of the• or groups, which vary in the number of spinning apparatus situated near its mouth eggs composing them. They adhere with it fabricates its fine silken fibrils, which it considerable tenacity to each other, and draws out and attaches at different points. the surface upon which they lie. These The threads which are first formed, conclusters present a somewhat regular and stituting the exterior portion of the cocoon, symmetrical aspect, the eggs being usually are loose and disconnected, but as the oparranged in rectilinear rows. The shell eration advances in the inward direction, of the egg is somewhat firm, but it may be they are made to cohere with great firmbroken with a moderate force, and if this At first, soft, placid, and easily debe done soon after the extension of the egg, tached, the several parts of the cocoon it gives exit to an opaque yellowish liquid. became, when dry, exceedingly tough and I have not ascertained with exactness the tenacious. The leaf upon the outside number of eggs laid by a single female. turns brown, and ultimately white, and It is probably not so large as that which usually falls partially or entirely to the has been stated for the silk-moth, some ground. The whole operation of spinning time ago. I examined the abdominal cav the cocoon occupies from twelve to twentyity of a female moth, which died just before four hours, and no one can witness it with. laying its eggs, and carefully counted all out interest. About two years ago I was that I found in its body. They numbered an amused spectator of the process, har. one hundred and sixty-nine. The eggs ing obtained a caterpillar, just after comare laid in the months of May and June. mencing to spin, which I placed in a glass

The larva, upon leaving the egg, is about jar, where its movements could be obone tenth of an inch in length. When it served with perfect facility.


Having shut itself up in its cocoon, the tained liquid will be found to be of the larva is transformed into a chrysalis. color and consistence of cream. This soft Nothing now remains of the caterpillar liquid condition of the internal structure but its head, which rests upon the top of of the insect has been particularly noticed the chrysalis. The latter is about an inch by Herold and Murray, as an index of imlong, and is considerably thicker than the portant morphological changes, carrying larva. It has the usual form of lepidop- the animal forward to its perfect state. terous pupæ, being blunt at one end, and The gentleman last mentioned finely comtapering to the other. Its color is brown, pares the process of softening to that purwhich is darker along the back. Through sued in a paper manufactory, in which the the pupa-case can be seen the tracings, as rags are first reduced to a pulp, before they it were, of the wings and other component can be made into paper. parts of the perfect insect.

In the month of May the perfect moth The larva does not always succeed in leaves its cocoon. The head emerges ; reaching the state of a chrysalis. Indeed, this is followed by the thorax and wings, our insect may be arrested at any stage in and lastly by the abdomen. The moth is its career of development, and perish, from a quite pretty object, in its sober dress of a great variety of causes. Soon after en- deep brown and purple. The arrangetering its cocoon, it may fall a prey to the ment of the colors is such as to give it a larvæ of several species of ichneumon flies, mottled appearance. It measures more which feed upon the interior of its body, than three inches between the tips of its and entirely prevent its transformation into extended fore-wings. The female is somea pupa. In one instance which came under what larger than the male. The animal my examination, there were seven large lives but a short time, the most important white ichneumonidan larvæ within the co- event in the life of the female being the coon, which were apparently ready to enter laying of its eggs. It appears to be destithe chrysalis state. Nothing remained of tute of feeding organs, and therefore canthe original caterpillar, the rightful occu not eat. pant of the cocoon, except the skin, which We will now revert to the cocoon, as it was still green, and conspicuously display- presents several points of interest, which ing its cornua. In another case there have not as yet been noticed. How de. were nine ichneumon flies in the pupa ceptive is its appearance ! Deception not state. Many cocoons which I have opened only to the birds, who, if they knew anyhave been occupied by great numbers of thing of its contents, would soon be peckvery small larvæ or pupæ. Out of forty- ing away at it in order to make a luscious four cocoons which I examined ten were meal of the chrysalis; but deceptive also infested with the progeny of ichneumon to the generality of men and women who, flies. In all these cases, I presume that as they pass along, and occasionally catch the flies deposit their eggs in the body of a glimpse of the cocoon, in its dried and the caterpillar before the latter enters its withered covering, dangling from the ex

tremity of a leafless branch, little dream The larva of the spicewood moth is of what it is, and of what it contains. But liable to perish before finishing its cocoon. thus it is with almost all of nature's marIn an instance which occurred to me, the vels. Not only their features of interest, cocoon consisted of only a few loose but even their very existence, are unknown threads, and within it was a dead cater save by the ardent and inquisitive votary pillar, shriveled and faded. The cornua of science. were still visible. It had died before com There is a most important use of the pleting its tenement. The chrysalis might cocoon, which is eminently deserving of also die. Out of forty-four cocoons twenty attention. It is the agent which effects contained putrid chrysalides. We thus the expansion of the wings of the perfect perceive how few comparatively of the moth. At its upper extremity its textlarvæ of the spicewood moth ever attain ure is loose, and composed of threads conperfection.

verging somewhat like the wires to the If the chrysalis be pricked with a pin at opening of a rat-trap. The aperture thus an early period, there will flow from the formed yields to pressure from within, and puncture a clear amber-colored liquid. permits the egress of the moth, while it At a period considerably later the con- | prevents the entrance even of the smallest



insect. As the moth passes out of the success, and they reported that “the harcocoon, the rim of the opening presses up vest appeared plentiful in all the villages on the abdomen, and forces the fluids into of the upper Irondequois.” The common the nervures of the wings, causing their people, they said, listened to the words full expansion. This function of the co- of the Gospel with simplicity. And if coon was first pointed out by Meinecken. the chiefs had any other than a friendly I have not the least doubt of the agency regard for them and their labors, they of the cocoon in this matter, and will men cloaked it with “a well-disguised dissimtion a fact which corroborates the view ulation.” On the reception of this report which has been stated. About two years the record says: “ Father Paul Raguesince, I took four large chrysalides from neau, Father Francois Du Peron, some their cocoons, and when the perfect moths Frenchmen, and several Hurons departemerged from their pupa-cases, their wings ed from Montreal on the 26th of July, were entirely unexpanded, and folded up 1657, to aid their brethren and compaprecisely as they are during the chrysalis triots.” state.

Scarcely had they settled down in their The silk spun by the spicewood moth, work when a sudden and unlooked-for from the manner of its attachment, could catastrophe befel them, which shocked not be made available for the purposes of their sensibilities and overwhelmed them

An allied species, the Bombyx with terror and dismay. The savages, Cynthia, found in India, yields a kind of instigated by a sudden impulse of their silk, which the humbler inhabitants of that inveterate hatred against the French and region make into coarse garments. An their allies, or, more probably, by a susinteresting statement upon the subject was picion that this accumulation of missionpresented to the French Academy of Sci- aries and Frenchmen among them meant ences, a few years since, by M. Milne Ed- something more than a pious care for the wards.

spiritual welfare of their souls, without

the slightest intimation of their design, SKETCHES OF COLONIAL HISTORY. fell upon and massacred the Hurons who

accompanied the missionaries, with many SECOND PAPER.

of their captives whom they had before UR brief sketch of the celebrated taken of the same tribe.


Father Le Moine, in the last number After this demonstration the missionof The Nawonal, ended with his return ary fathers, and all the French and Infrom his apparently successful visit to dians who were of their party, felt no the Onondagas. In the following year, security for their lives, only in consider1655, two others, Father Joseph Chau-ation of the fact that there were at that mont and Father Claude Dablon, were time a number of Iroquois Indians desent by the Society of Jesuits at Quebec, tained among the French near Quebec, as missionaries to that post. They met on whom their friends in Canada would with a flattering reception, as they con wreak their vengeance, should the sav. ceived, and one of them returned to ages massacre them as they had the HuQuebec to obtain additional help. Hav But even this slight ground of seing succeeded in his object, he hastened curity was dissipated by intelligence they back to the new field of his labors, accom received from one who was in the secret panied by “ three fathers and two brothers of the chiefs, that they designed to subof the society, and a good number of ject them to the fate of the Hurons, whose Frenchmen,” who all arrived at the place barbarous massacre they had so recently of their destination on the 11th day of witnessed, which they delayed only from July, 1655. Thus was a Catholic mis- prudential considerations. Their informsion, under the auspices of the Society of ant was sick, received baptism, and soon Jesuits at Quebec, inaugurated on soil after died. But his information was conclaimed by the Protestant government of firmed by the spirit and conduct of the Great Britain, and among a people who Indians. were claimed by that government as its In this peculiar condition the missionrightful subjects.

aries set themselves at work to devise For a time the missionaries were en some means of escape. Difficulties beset couraged with high hopes of permanent I them on every side.

They communi


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