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If permitted they would drink twenty gal- | camel car attached to it. The animals lons. Every morning the animals were could not be hoisted on board with slings, curried, their long hair combed with as is the case in shipping horses, their wooden combs, and their leg joints and weight being too heavy, some reaching feet rubbed by hard brushes.
two thousand pounds, and then they cer. On the 29th of January the convoy an- tainly would injure themselves in strugchored in Smyrna. Mr. Heap having pur- gling to get free. In no instance would chased all the camels required, and com- they go into the boat willingly. The pletely equipped with saddles, bridles, and tackle was hooked on to the harness, and coverings, the men commenced taking the men with a steady pull soon forced them on board in a few days. This was a them on board safely, when they were careful and important process, a very hoisted to the deck of the vessel without troublesome business. For the purpose fright or danger. See the accompanying of shipping the camels safely a boat or sketch taken on the spot. scow had been expressly made, capable Thirty camels were shipped in this of bearing six thousand pounds, with a way, not one having received a bruise of
any kind. Previous to leaving the United hazardous to purchase camels about cities, States the “Supply” had been admirably particularly if they have been used in a fitted to transport the animals. Mr.
Such are almost always disHeap had procured a lot of very good eased. camels at Smyrna, all sound, not one In the future transportation of camels turning out badly; but he had to send Captain Porter advises the purchase of some distance into the interior for them. young ones, one or two years old ; and the Konich, in Asia Minor, is one of the most former he had on board, the beartiest of the famous camel stations, and the great stop- whole lot, and required very little attention. ping place for caravans between Smyrna His vessel could carry ninety of this size, and Persia, about seven hundred miles but forty only of their mothers, Camels from the former place, and about twenty- one or two years old are about the size of five days' travel camel pace. No matter a twelve month heifer, and would pack how fine the animal looks, it is always close without injury from their weight.
In Texas, such could be trained for burden | like horses, subject to a stampede.” If or riding camels, and form a corps of camels should be imported one year old, mounted dromedaries, sufficient to expel in two more they could be used with light any hostile Indians from the country. On burdens and fit to be trained for a drometheir swiftest horses such foes could not dary with a rider. This seems to be a escape the enduring, steady pace of the better plan of introducing them into the “ship of the desert,” which will accomp- United States than the slower process of lish one hundred miles in a single day. breeding. Before leaving Smyrna, the Dromedaries will go through all kinds of officers took on board two Turkish sadwoods and weather, wading through muddlers, one of whom was a professed camel where a horse would be stalled. They M. D. These native doctors are queer felrequire but little harness and no shoeing, lows. At Cairo one of them boiled a young and meeting an enemy will lie down, form-sheep in molasses, and forced the dromeing a rampart with their bodies, and not, dary to swallow this dose, half scalding,
for some ordinary complaint. Another Nature has made a wise provision for prescribed a piece of cheese to cure a this species, in common with all camels, slight cold; and an ounce of tea with five for as soon as the warm weather comgrains of gunpowder for a camel with mences, their thick fur or wool falls off swollen legs. Cauterizing with a hot iron entirely. Before winter arrives, however, is a favorite remedy, and there is scarcely the coat is on again, full and luxuriant, an animal that does not bear some such and apparently sufficient to protect them marks. On one occasion, when a camel against the severest cold. was not able to rise up, a native advised At Smyrna four fine Loks were purCaptain Porter to pour boiling pitch over chased, which had been trained as Pehher loins, and he was sure she would rise. levans, or Wrestlers. Among the Turks The captain did not doubt the quick effi- wrestling matches between camels is a cacy of this application, but tried a more favorite amusement. Many gentlemen simple remedy; and, rubbing the legs with keep them for no other purpose ; and to hard brushes, it rose instantly.
amuse his wife one person in Smyrna had The prices of camels vary from fifteen twenty at once. When quite young, the to one thousand dollars. At the time of this camels are trained to wrestling. They expedition their value was much enhanced seem to enjoy much pleasure in the conby the demand for the Crimean war. But test, exhibiting great dexterity while in war or peace the Frank, whether he throwing each other. There was a young deals with Mohammedan, Jew, or Christian camel on board, only a month old, and, in the East, must calculate to pay well for having been born under the American flag, his alienage.
he was named “ Uncle Sam," and one of Among the animals purchased were two the Turks amused himself on the voyage remarkably handsome ones, a Nomaniah, by making a “Pehlevan" of him. When from Omar, and the other a Sennai, of only six weeks old he was more than a Nubia. The former is supposed to be the match for his teacher, and often hurt the swiftest and the most enduring, and its sailors by throwing them down suddenly easy motion is owing to moving its hind
on deck. and fore legs, on opposite sides, at the The female camel produces her young same time. A rolling motion character once in twelve months ; at four years he izes the Becharieh dromedary; and this is loaded for all purposes; when five, he species is taught to carry its head very is in full vigor, continuing so until nine. high, which gives them a very handsome From this period to thirteen he begins to appearance. Captain Porter recommends fail, and at seventeen he is old. If not the Becharieh as best adapted for our overdriven the camel will march loaded climate. No burden camels were obtained from sunrise to sunset, stretching his neck in Egypt; still he thinks favorably of im- from side to side along the road, gathering porting such from that country. They are herbage, and in this way will travel from generally very large, and will carry six thirty to forty miles a day. It is neceshundred English pounds on a journey, and sary to give him rest every sixth day. for short distances, one thousand pounds. The camel is the most gentle and subThe best are from the villages of Lower missive of all animals, and so patient as to Egypt, and worth from thirty-five to seven travel until completely exhausted ; then ty-five dollars, not including the pay to the falling, never to rise again. Its condition dragoman and peasants, which increases can always be known by the size of the the price to almost double the original cost. hump, which is a greasy substance, not un
Mr. Heap succeeded in purchasing two like a cow's udder. The re-absorption of very fine Bactrian males; one had been this body compensates for the want of food, brought from Persia, and the other picked and during a long march or a famine it up near Samos; they were hardy animals, gradually diminishes and disappears. and gave very little trouble on board the On the 14th of February, the expedition ship; one of them was ten feet long and sailed direct for the United States, and seven feet five inches high, and nine feet reached the mouth of the Mississippi on nine inches around the body, including his the 10th of May, where the camels were fore hump. Part of the vessel's deck all safely transferred to the charge of had to be cut away to accommodate the Major Wayne. Thence he proceeded height of one of these Bactrians.
with them by slow daily journeys to San
Antonio, moving so on account of their | the transportation of military stores berecent sea voyage, and the comfort of the tween these two points. The experiment young animals born on the voyage. In has been successful, and the usefulness of his report to the Secretary of War, the the camel for that interior region is no major writes: “The weather was ex- longer a question among those who have ceedingly hot and the roads dusty, unusu seen them there at work. Major Wayne ally so, I am told, yet the animals traveled regards the acclimation “certain,” but the without suffering, and are in good condition. experiment fairly to be determined will After acclimation, I think they will be require five or six years. He entertains capable of rendering good service." but little doubt, that in ten years the race
Camp Verde, in Green Valley, some can be spread through Texas, and thence sixty miles from San Antonio, was selected to any part of our continent. Several of for the permanent station of the animals. the animals have died, the most from some It is a military post, and here they pro- accident; and from the hair of one Mrs. ceeded in the month of August, 1856, and Shirkey, at Victoria, Texas, knit a pair have since been engaged with success in l of socks for the President, Mr. Polk.
Resolving fully to make the experiment which old writers devote but little attenof acclimating the camel in the United tion to, but which, nevertheless, were solStates, our government again dispatched emnized by our “Christian sires" with Captain Porter, with Mr. Heap, in the great pomp and devotion. It appears from ship “Supply,” for a second load, and ten the following extract from the " Popish thousand dollars to defray the expenses. In Kingdom,” that, as at the present time in November, 1856, the expedition arrived at some parts of Europe and South America, Smyrna, and from three hundred camels they partook of a dramatic character: Mr. Heap selected the best, most being “Three masses every priest doth sing upon that young females of the Arabian breed. Six
solemn day, were a present from the sultan, and the With offerings unto every one, that so the more vessel returned with forty-four in all ;
may play. eleven more than were shipped last year. This done, a wooden child in clouts is on the
altar set, Three died on the passage, and the remain
About the which both boys and girls do dance ing forty-one were landed in good order and trimly jet, at Indianolo, Texas, on the 10th of Feb And carols sing in praise of Christ; and for to ruary, 1857, and thence joined the others help them here,
The organs answer every verse with sweet and in Camp Verde.
solemn cheer." Mr. Beale, the superintendent of the wagon road from Fort Defiance, has re Fosbroke states, that after the Te Deum cently made an interesting report to the a stable was prepared behind the altar, and War Department. The camels have car the image of the Virgin placed upon it. ried seven hundred pounds, principally A boy, from above, before the choir, in the provender for the mules, and were much likeness of an angel, announced the nativless jaded than those animals. Mr. Beale ity to certain canons or vicars, who entered, believes it easier to manage a train of as shepherds, through the great door of the twenty camels than five mules. They eat choir, clothed in tunics and “amesses." little, preferring the bushes to grass, and The Gloria in Excelsis was then chanted live, to use his words, on food with which by many boys in the vaults of the church, “ other animals would starve." Every who played the part of angels. Immediother beast of burden, unshod, reached El ately on hearing this, the shepherds adPaso lame, except the camels, not one of vanced to the stable, singing “ Peace," which ever exhibited fatigue.
Good will," etc. As soon as they entered it, two priests, in dalmatics, who
were stationed at the stable, said, " Whom CHRISTMAS, PAST AND PRESENT.
seek ye ?" The shepherds answered, “ Our Saviour, Christ." The two priests
then, “ opening the curtain, exhibited the and once more we greet the readers of The National, and in wishing them boy, saying, “The little one is here,' as all the compliments of the forthcoming
the prophet Isaiah said, · Behold the Virfestive season, call their attention to a few gin,'” etc. Upon these exhibitions they ancient and modern customs, which in our
bowed and worshiped the boy, and saluted former articles we were necessarily obliged
his mother. The office ended by their
returning to the choir and singing Alleluia. to omit.
The churches then, as now, were decked “ Christmas comes but once a year, -we speak of the churches in Europe Therefore let's be merry!"
with laurels, holly, yew, and other everwas the jovial motto of our ancestors, and greens. The mistletoe
was, however, well did they carry out in practice the never admitted into the sacred edifices, it spirit of its exhortation. The holy Christ being regarded as a heathen and profane mas morn was melodiously ushered in by plant, appertaining to the rites of Druidbands of carolers, whose sacred strains ism. How changed are the customs since ax:akened a feeling of love and adoration then. Superstition has paled before the for the day upon which Christ was born. light of the gospel, and enlightenment, to a Immediately after matin service, the grand great extent, has taken the place of idolatry festivities commenced ; but ere we treat and ignorance. of them, let us examine a few of the re The Church of England, as of old, sancligious observances of ancient Christmas, / tions the decorating of her sacred edifices