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The Gardlen. Everything about the garden Nero School Presbyterians held at Richmond, Virshould now be put in order for the winter. ginia, resolutions were adopted to the effect, that inas
much as the relation of master and servant does not Cut off the tops of herbaceous plants; tie up properly belong to church judicatories as a subject of such as are liable to be broken by the lodg- discussion or inquiry, therefore, that it is resolved by ment of snow; clean off the walks ; if the soil this Convention that the General Assembly of the
Church has no power to pronounce a sentence of conis stiff ' and heavy, spade it up rough, to be
demnation on a lower judicatory, or individuals, for mellowed by the winter frosts; if you have any cause, unless they have been before the Assembly plenty of manure, give the flower borders a in the way prescribed by the constitution; that tho
Convention recommends all Presbyterians opposed to coating of it; top dress the lawn, if necessary;
the agitation of slavery to appoint delegates to the As. protect with straw or manure all half-hardy seinbly to meet at Knoxville, on the third Tuesday in plants; and otherwise see that everything is in May next, for the purpose of organizing a General condition to be safe from accident during the Synod, under the name of the United Synod Presby,
torian Charch of America. .. One of the greatest winter. A little care and attention to theso
hail storms on record visited some parts of Green matters now will save much labor in the spring, County, Pennsylvania, in the month of August last. and your plants will be the better for it. The hail came down in a perfect torrent; the stones
varied from the size of a partridge's to that of a ben's
egg, and came with such force, and in such quantities, Tulipo.—These may continue to be planted as to do great damage to nearly everything in the track as long as the ground can be worked. The of the storm. Shingle roofs were split to pieces, the soil should be deeply spaded and enriched with
growing corn was perfectly stripped of its blades and
shoots, the apple trees were left naked of leaves and good old manure. They may be planted in barren of fruit, the buckwheat was entirely destroyetl, beds, clumps, or rows, or in any form the fancy the forest trees were left almost as naked as in mid may suggest. When planted in beds, verbe
winter, and the fruit trees of all kinds were alınost en
tirely stripped of their foliage and fruit. The fowls nas, petunias, etc., may be put in between
which were without shelter were killed by the weight them in the following spring; the bulbs should and force of the hail stones. The Minnesota be lifted as often as every third year, and di
Constitutional Conventions closed their sessions at vided. Two inches is sufficiently deep to plant stitutions produced by both bodics wero identical
St. Paul after deliberating for seven weeks. The con. them. The single varieties are best for out They were regarded as fully meeting the requirements door culture, and are more generally admired of the public welfare. An interesting report has than the double ones.
been received by the War Department from the superintendent of the Wagon Road Expedition from Fort
Defiance. The camel experiment is pronounced suc. Brooklyn Horticultural Society. This active cessful. These animals carried seven hundred pounds and vigorous young Society held its annual ex burden each, principally provender for mules, and hibition at the Athenæum on the 23d and 24th
were much less jaded than the mules. Their temper,
tractability, capacity for bearing burdens, and going of September. The exhibition was one of the
without water, while they live on food upon which best yet held, and was well attended. The dis other animals would starve, render them valuable for play of fruit was fine, but the great feature of
transportation on the prairies. The Sleanship
"Arugo" was boarded on the 6th of September, oft the exhibition was the large collection of speci- Cape Race, by a fishing smack, when only eight days meu plants. We have no room for details, but out from Southampton, and telegraphed from St. John's, we cannot help saying that such plant growers
Newfoundland, to New York. This was the first suc
cessful result of an experiment which has for some time as Louis Menand, Martin Collopy, George Ham
been projected; and until the completion of the Atlyn, J. E. Rauch, etc., deserve a high meed of lantic telegraph, we may look to tho frequent receipt praise for the great care and manifest skill ex of European advices of only a week old; after which, hibited by their splendid specimen plants. This
we shall have it daily perhaps.
Anniversary of the birthday of Lafayette was approsociety is moving on with a steady determina- priately celebrated in New York on the 7th of Seption which promises to make it the leading so tember, by the Garde Lafayetts and a number of ciety of the State, if it is not already so. We
French and American residents, who partook of a
banquet at Jones's Wood. ... The new steam frigate wish it great success.
"Roanoke" broke her back on being launched from Norfolk a few months since. She has to be built anew
about midships, at a cost of twenty thousand dollars. THE WORLD AT LARGE.
A curious law question arises in the lapsing of
a legacy which recently came before the surrogate of A map of busy life,
Now York. Mr. McLoskey, a gentleman worth one Its fluctuations and its vast concems. --COPER.
hundred and fifty thousand dollars, dying in Paris, left six thousand to a niece in Dubuque, Iowa, who died on
the same day as himself. If the hour of her death preThe Reo. James B. Finley, a well-known minister, ceded his, the legacy lapsed, if it succeeded his the lege and for many years a missionary among the Indians, acy is vested in her. The time of their decease was so died at Eaton, Ohio, September 6th. He was a native nearly identical that it is supposed it will have to be of North Carolina, and had reached the ripe age of determined by the difference between solar and true seventy-six. Tomus Dick, LL.D., author of the time, the legacy thereby depending upon a question of “Christian Philosopher," and of several other valuablo longitude.. The lato Convention with New Grain works, recently died at his residence in Broughty nailu covers only the matter of claims of American Ferry, Scotland, in the eighty-third year of his age. . citizens against that republic. New Granada regrets Dr. Rufus W. Griscold died in this city, on the 27th the Panama massacre, and promises to punish tho of August. He was born in Rutland County, Vt, offenders when convicted. A commission is to pass February 15, 1915. Early in life he was ordained as a upon all claims of American citizens against New GraBaptist minister, but soon left that profession to devote nada from 1918 down to the Panama riot. One hall the himself entirely to literature, and was successively sum annually paid by the Panama Railroad Company connected with the weekly papers, the New Yorker, is to go toward satisfying the claims. The balanco of the Brother Jonathan, the New World, and the the claims is to be otherwise provided for.
Our govmonthly publications, Graham's Vagazine and the crninent is allowed the privilege of purchasing an island International Magazine. : A National Compen in the bay of Panama for a coal depot, and our citizens sation Emancipation Society was organized at Cleave and mails are to be exempted from annoying and land, Ohio, in August last. Its object is declared to be opprossive taxes on the transit of the Isthmus. . the extinction of American slavery by contributing to By the will of Mrs. II. II. Coulter, who died lately, the compensation of slaveholders for their lossos in the ninety-two negroes were set free in Stafford County, emancipation of their slaves. Professor Silliman, of Virginie They are to go to Liberia, or whatever freo Yale College, was elected president; and Elihu Burritt, State they may select. ... The forty-eighth annual corresponding secretary. ... At a Convention of meeting of the American Board of Commissioners for
Foreign Missions met at Provilence, Rhode Island, in bill were then debated with varying results, governSeptember, and was largely attended. Eight hundred ment in some divisions being left in a minority. The and forty laborers are employed by this society, at bill was finally passed. . . . Tha barbarous airoties home and abrosul, and there are nineteen thousand two perpetrated by the rebels in India continue to fill a hundred and thirty-six children in the schools of the large place in our latest English papers. It is said Inission. Before the convention adjourned Dr. Arm that at Cawnpore, on the 24th of June, in consequence strong road an autograph letter from the Hawaiin king. of Sir Hugh' Wheeler being mortally wounded, tbe It was a very well written production, presented the force had accepted the proffer of safety male by Nena need of a college at the Sandwich Islands, and expressed Sabib and the mutineers. Nens allowed them to got the hope that the project would be favorably received into tho boats, and then fire was opened upon them and liberally aided in this country. The Reformed from the banks of the river, and all were destroyed. Dutch Churches formally dissolved their relation to The London Times, after dwelling on this inhuman the Board, intending hereafter to conduct their own act, and also upon the brutal manner in which the missionary affairs. . . . The corner stone of the Mar. women were treated at Delhi beforo they were iner's llarbor Baptist Meeting-house was laid in the put to death, says: “It ought to be known, reluctant city of New York on the 9th of September. .. On as we are to tell it, that the women and unmarried the same day the corner stone of the new church edi girls who fell into the hands of the mutineers and fice for the Methodist Episcopal congregation, formerly populace of Delhi were carried in procession for bours worshiping in Mulberry-street, was laid, corner of through the chief thoroughfare of the city, with every Twenty-Second-street and Fourth Avenue, New York. horror that could degrade them in the eyes of the peoThe church is to bo of rough marble, built in the Roman ple, previous to the last brutalities and cruelties ibat esque style, and, with the ground, when completed, then, in the sight of thousands, were perpetrated apon will cost one bundred and twenty thousand dollars. them. It was done of settled purpose, to degrade It is intended to accommodate about twelve hundred England, to degrade Europe, to degrade a Christian people. . .. The presentation of General Jackson's empire, and a Christian queen. Now, we say it after gold snun-box to Major Dyckman did not take place full deliberation, and with a due regard to the ohjeeat the time expected; Mr. Jackson declining to permit tions always forthcoming against any real and effectual the relic to pass from him, there being so many re policy, that not one stone of that city should be left monstrances sent to him denying that the major was upon another. Delhi should for the future be only New York's bravest son in the Mexican war. . . The known in history as Sodom and Gomorrah, so that its Scott Legion, the remnant of the two Pennsylvanian place shall not be known." ... The ratifications of regiments that served in the late war with Mexico, the treaty of amity and commerce between Grest celebrated last month the anniversary of the entry of Britain and Honduras, containing the article guaran. the American army into the Hall of the Montezumas, teeing the Honduras railway, have been exchanged by a procession, after which they were addressed by in London. Senor Haran, the Honduras plenipotenseveral individuals, who distinguished themselves on tiary, bad re-opened negotiations on the Bay Island the orcasion, among whom was Major Dyckman. and Mosquito shore contentions, and there was every Brigham Young is making the most fiery demonstra prospect that the modifications desired by Hondations against the action of our government in sending ras would be at once conceded, in which case these out troups and a new governor to keep him and his conventions would immediately go into effect .. The deluded followers within the bounds of reason. British Minister to China, Lord Elgin, bad explained The steamship - Central America" was lost in a ter the Chinese policy of the English government to the rible hurricane, off Cape Hatteras, on the 12th of Sep- people of Hong Kong. The Emperor of China must tember, when upward of four hundred passengers, either disavow the acts of Yeh in Canton, or take the the Californian mails, and nearly sixteen hundred very unpleasant consequences. An American citizen :housand dollars in specie, were lost ... The stern had been convicted of piracy at Hong Kong, and sonpost of a new flag ship for the Russian navy was tenced to transportation for life. ... The Reo. Dr. raised at the yard of William H. Webb, in this city. Livingston had attended a meeting of the ManchesThere were present a number of distinguished officers ter Cotton Supply Association, Chamber of Commerce, and gentlemen, and all paid honor to the Ozar for giv etc., for the purpose of explaining the commercial reing to an American mechanic the preference of build sources of Africa. He said that country was well ing what is to be, when completed, the swiftest war adapted for producing cotton, sugars, etc., and be prosteamer in the world. ... The Attorney General posed to devoto the next fow years of his life to special has given his decision on a point of law submitted to efforts developing these pursuits in Africa. Resolutions him by the Secretary of the Interior, regarding the were adopted calling on the government to furnish payment of pensions to children of deceased revolu Dr. Livingston with a steamer to ascend the Bambest tionary soldiers. He decided that children had no River, and to enlist the Portuguese government in legal right to pensions granted to deceasod parents. favor of the enterprise. Lotters from Lady The quantity of public land sold by the government Franklin's arctic steamer, Fox, at Baul's River, in during the last iscal year was nearly 4,143,000 acres, Greenland, report the progress of the expedition, and and the amount realized @pward of $3,500,000. Tho say that it has exceeded expectations, and that the Commissioner of the Land Otlice has decided that rail vessel answers admirably. The weather bad been roads are to have no lands set apart until after actual very severe, which would have tbe effect of breaking survey and location. ... General Scott has replied the ice up, and rendering the head of Baffin's Bay to General Pillow's recent elaborate revelations re
Advices from Madrid state that Qucers specting the alleged bribery of General Santa Anna Christina had written to her daughter, Queen Issduring the pendency of the war with Mexico. Gen. bella, that she should have the greatest pleasure in be eral Scott positively declares that he never gave Santa ing with her at the period of her accouchment, but Anna & dollar. .. A terrible er plosion occurred that she neither could nor would go to Spain while on the evening of the last day of September, in the the Duke of Valencis was at the head of the govern. Knickerbocker Plaster Works, situated in West-street, ment. : . In Italy things are in a very unsettled New York. The explosion blew to atoins the factory, state, and must sooner or later result in an outbreak, a three story brick edifice, together with two or three the success of which will, of course, be determined brick dwellings aljoining, occupied by several poor by the action of the great powers. England bas families. A large number of persons were buried be enough on her hands at present to prevent her st. neath the ruins, a few of whom escaped without injury, tempting any active interference in the political efbut the majority were either killed, or so badly fairs of the continent. This fact, it was thougbt in wounded that their lives were despaired of. . . The somo circles, would operato as a stimulus to Mazzini American Sunday-School Union, of Philadelphia, and his adherents. :.. The French Minister of have publisbed a card announcing the defalcation of Marine has issued an order to all captains of ships of the Corresponding Secretary, Mr. F. W. Porter, for an war to give every aid to English vessels conveying amount believed not to exceed ninety thousand dol troops to India and to take them in tow when be lars. He has issued notes and acceptances at various calmed. An English troop ship having put into Altimes to that amount without entering them upon the giers in distress, was towed thence to Gibraltar by s books of the Society.
French steam frigate.... The Chinese refused to ela The Reports of the Harvest from all parts of Eu low tho Russian mission to enter the country of rope are most encouraging, and an abundant supply Keakhta It bad consequently descended the Amoor of food is promised. ... The Dirorce Bill was taken in order to present itself at Shanghae. Russia is tak. up in the House of Lords, last month, and a motion ing active measures to increase her fleet and strengthen that the Commons amendments be taken into consid her position in the Pacific. ... A narrative of Prince eration that day six months was rejected by a vote of Napoleon's Voyage in the North Seas will shortly forty-four to sixty-six. The various clauses of the appoar, written by a Polish gentleman.
THE CAMELS ARE COMING. VHEN we remember that the camel To Major Henry C. Wayne, of the W was among the earliest animals do- | United States Army, was assigned the mesticated by man, it seems surprising special duty of importing the camels, and that we should have remained to the pres- | Lieutenant D. D. Porter, of the United ent day so little acquainted with its phys- States Navy, was associated with him in iology and habits. In 1855 Congress the commission. Porter's orders were to resolved to make an experiment of intro set sail with the storeship “Supply” diducing camels into the United States. rect for Spezia, in Genoa ; Colonel $36,000 were appropriated to this object, Wayne took passage for Southampton in the animals to be employed for military May, 1855. Through the politeness of purposes under the War Department. The Professor Owen, F. R. S., the Cuvier of information acquired during the progress England, he was introduced to Mr. of this experiment is highly interesting, Mitchell, the Secretary of the Zoologand the trial thus far has exceeded the ex- ical Society. In its garden the colonel pectations of success in the undertaking. found two fine specimens of the Egyptian
camel of burden, a present from the Pasha from forty to fifty dollars for the choicest of Egypt. They have now been in the females, and seventy-five to a hundred for garden five years, never seriously unwell, the males. The three camels shipped, at and have bred five calves, two of which Tunis were in good condition, and did not died. Mr. Mitchell stated that no partic- suffer from their voyage. They conular care was taken of the animals, and he, sumed from eight to twelve pounds of hay with Professor Owen, thought that they and six quarts of oats a day, drinking could be acclimated and bred in the United once in three days from two and a half States.
to three buckets of water. When the At Paris Colonel Wayne met General officers left the United States they par. Dumas, who had served long in Africa, ticularly desired to visit Persia, but at of whom he obtained much valuable infor- Constantinople they learned the impracmation, and especially from his pamphlet, ticability of such a journey on account of “Cheval de Guerre," upon the acclima- the disturbed state of that country and the tion of the camel in France. Here he lateness of the season. Hence they left adopted the classification of the camel into for Balaklava, in the Crimea, and were two kinds, the Bactrian, or camel with politely received by the British officers on two humps, found in Tartary and North- duty there. From Colonel M'Murdo, in ern Central Asia, and the Arabian, with charge of the land transportation service, one hump, of Persia, Asia Minor, Arabia, they obtained useful information. Under and India. He regards the term drome- General Napier, in the expedition against dary, as its derivation indicates, the swift Scinde, he had used about twenty - five courser or racer, in contradistinction to thousand camels, and now had three thouthe camel of burden. It is the intention of sand for the campaign next spring. Their the American government to domesticate average loads, he stated, were about six the Arabian camel and the dromedary, and hundred pounds, which they carry with thus introduce a new animal into the heart ease twenty-five or thirty miles a day. of our continent where there are neither During the expedition against Scinde Gennavigable rivers nor practicable roads. eral Napier organized a most efficient From Spezia Lieutenant Porter visited corps of one thousand men upon five hunFlorence and Pisa, and found two hundred dred dromedaries, two men to each, sitand fifty camels upon the grand duke's ting back to back, armed with rifles and farm, which number was sufficient to per- sabers. At the scene of operations the form the work of one thousand horses. dromedaries were taught to kneel in They were overworked and supplied with square ; five hundred of the men acted as no food, except what they could glean drivers, the other five were infantry. In among the pine barrens. Neither were case of extremity the square offered a they housed during the winter in this high cover for the whole thousand behind the latitude of 43° 30', where it is severely animals, who were prevented from rising cold, with a climate much more trying by a hobble on their fore legs. From this than Texas. The Tuscans force them to curious barrier the men used their rifles carry seventeen hundred pounds, a weight most effectually. The camel corps could equal to twelve hundred pounds English, be marched seventy miles in twelve hours, and to work from sunrise to sunset. and rendered great service throughout the
In July Colonel Wayne joined the lieu- campaign. General Simpson, in the same tenant at Spezia, and immediately sailed service, had procured five or six for his for Naples via Tunis. At the former personal use, and with them often travplace they purchased their first camel, an eled seventy miles between sunset and ordinary animal, but the Bey of Tunis sunrise. Major Delafield, of West Point. presented them with two good specimens, then on a visit to the Crimea, inquired one a remarkably fine animal. Thence whether General Simpson would not have the expedition visited Malta, Smyrna, and preferred the best English horses to camSalonica, reaching Constantinople in the els; he replied, “ No! for packing his bagmonth of October. At Smyrna they gage on them in light loads, he could move learned that the British government had more quickly and continuously.” The purchased a large number of camels for introduction of this new beast of burden transportation purposes, besides the hiring into the heart of our continent., where of eight thousand more. The prices ranged | there are neither traveled roads nor navi
gable streams, we can readily imagine themselves in owning. The Governor of would be of great political and commercial Alexandria was to select the animals; but importance. With such a facility how he deputed the next in office, and this one easily could the roaming tribes of Indians passed the matter to a “cavass," or under be checked in their predatory and warring officer, who would make a handsome expeditions, and how admirably would profit out of the operation. After a week's they be calculated for long journeys over delay the dromedaries made their appearwide tracts of desert where food and wa ance; but they were such wretched lookter are scarce.
ing creatures and so diseased that the When the expedition reached Constan- Americans would not receive them. In tinople in October the officers were con fact, they were not dromedaries at all, but firmed in their plan of not visiting Persia. | the ill-used common street camel of AlexOur own dragoman, Mr. Brown, at the andria, and Captain Porter communicated Turkish capital, uniting in the same view, to the viceroy the trickery of his suborthey now turned their attention to Egypt. dinates. The imposition was forthwith In the meantime the Turkish government corrected, and six selected, two males and resolved to present four camels of the four females, out of a lot from the interior. best breed to the United States, and Mr. These were not the far-famed dromeBrown was authorized to order four of the daries of the desert, but the ordinary finest to be found in European Turkey. “ Mount Sinai” breed, used for the After waiting twenty days the animals transportation of goods and passengers did not arrive, and the expedition was across the Isthmus of Suez and short obliged to sail for Alexandria, reaching journeys. They are strong, and will that port on the 22d of November. Major travel fifty miles a day for seven or eight Wayne proceeded forthwith to Cairo, days in succession. The viceroy doubted where he met with unexpected difficulties, whether any of them would stand the the viceroy refusing to allow any more voyage to America ; but he was mistaken, than four camels to be exported. A per as they bore the transportation better than sonal call by the party upon his highness the burden camels of Asia Minor. induced him to increase the number to The dromedaries on board the convoy fourteen ; four only could be purchased sailed for Smyrna on the 22d of Janby the time when the vessel was to sail. uary, with three natives of the country,
The four dromedaries were purchased to help take care of the animals. Captain by Colonel Wayne in Cairo; but, upon Porter thinks that a Bedouin or Egyptian their arrival at Alexandria, they were cannot be taught much beyond what they stopped at the Custom House, and Lieu- already know; in his opinion an intellitenant Porter treated with so much disre. gent Yankee in a short time will know spect that he complained to the American more about the treatment of camels than consul, Mr. De Leon, when amende hon- they do. During his voyage not a single orable was promptly made, his highness, accident happened to an animal under the the Viceroy of Egypt, at the same time charge of his sailors; but the Egyptians informing him that he intended to present were so treacherous and careless that the United States government with six of something wrong occurred with theirs the his finest dromedaries. He owned a large whole time. number, and at that moment was engaged As soon as the dromedaries reached the in drilling a dromedary corps on the Per- vessel they were thoroughly cleaned with sian system, each to carry two men, soap and water, a wine glass of powdered armed with carbines. In the meantime sulphur administered in their drink for Mr. Heap, the draughtsman of the deputa- three days, and every suspicious looking tion, was dispatched to Smyrna to pur- spot on the bodies rubbed with sulphur chase what camels were required for the and olive oil. At three o'clock each was vessel to leave that port by March the fed a gallon of oats, or oats and peas, first on her return to the United States. their racks filled with hay, each eating on
Captain Porter was greatly gratified an average daily ten pounds in good with the promise of receiving six drome- weather. Before feeding they were aldaries from the viceroy's own stock, and lowed three gallons of water, and great expected the very best blood of Omar or care was necessary not to increase this Nubia, such as Eastern potentates pride allowance except in very warm weather.