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gular example of the metamorphosis which “Whatever zeal I might have shown in my rewe had occasion to notice with reference searches and pursuits in regard to this animal, to the Pongo. In early youth it has a not
they had all thus far proved ineffectual, on ac
count of the anxious care which the Bengalese very prominent muzzle, a large forehead, had taken to prevent my killing a sufficiently and an elevated, rounded cranium. Then respectable specimen. These Hindoos always this animal brings in play quite extensive
frightened away the monkey as soon as they intellectual faculties; it has a wonderful
saw my gun, and during more than a month
that I sojourned at Chandernagor, although penetration to judge of what will prove seven or eight Hoonumans came even to the agreeable or hurtful to itself; it is readily houses, to seize the offerings of the sons of tamed, is quite gentle, and becomes at Brahma, my garden was found surrounded by tached to its master to a certain degree.;
several Brahmins, who played the tam-tam to
divert the attention of the god when he should and uses only stratagem and address to
come to eat my fruit. His mythologic history procure the satisfaction of its wishes. By is the best thing I know of the kind, but it degrees as it grows old its forehead be would be too long to detail here. I will merely comes obliterated, its muzzle acquires a
say that the Hoonuman is a hero celebrated for
his strength, wit, and agility, in the voluminconsiderable prominence, and its cranium ous collection of Hindoo mysteries. diminishes much in capacity. Its moral " They offer him the mango, one of the most qualities are degraded in the same pro- esteemed fruits, which they say he stole from
the gardens of a famous giant in Ceylon. It portion. A pathy takes the place of pene- the gardens of
was in punishment of this theft that he was tration; it seeks solitude, it employs force condemned to the flames, and in extinguishing in the place of stratagem, and the least those Hames he burned his face and hands, opposition excites a ferocious malice and which remain black to the present time.
“I entered Goutipara, a sacred town of the an anger bordering upon fury. Still later
Brahmins, and saw the trees corered with long in life it must be loaded with chains, or
tailed hoonumans, who took to flight with dreadshut up in an iron cage, where its princi- ful cries. The Hindoos, seeing my gun, haul pal occupation is to spend its rage upon the guessed, as well as the monkeys, the cause of my bars.
visit, and a dozen of the former came to me to This true portrait is not very engaging, for they were nothing less, they most positively
warn me of my danger in shooting the animals, yet the Hindoos have deified this animal, assured me, than metamorphosed princes. As to which they assign a high place among I was leaving the place I met one of these their thirty millions of deities. We will metamorphosed princesses, and she appeared so cite what M. Devaucel has written on this have a nearer view. I dispatched a ball, and
charming that I could not resist the desire to subject :
was soon witness to a touching scene. The
companions in captivity. Richard arrived at this moment, and commenced trying to flatter the animal and coax him back into his cage, but the animal contented himself by making a few grimaces at him, and continued his work of devastation. The keeper raised his voice and made use of some threats, which brought
grimaces and grindings of the teeth. He then, for the first time, conceived the unfortunate idea of re
CHACMA AND MARMOZET.
sorting to a stick, poor beast carried a young one upon her back, , and this movement became the signal for and feeling herself mortally wounded, she summoned all her energies, seized the little one
a dreadful struggle. The monkey fell upin her arms, threw it into the branches, and
on him with two such heavy blows in the fell dead at my feet. So touching an act of stomach that the strong man staggered. inaternal love made more impression on me than The furious animal disarmed him, threw all the discourses of the Brahmins; and the him down, and made three deep wounds pleasure of having secured a beautiful specimen in his thigh with his strong teeth. These did not in this case compensate for my regret at having killed an animal that clung to life penetrated quite to the bone, and were so with such maternal solicitude.”
severe that serious doubts were for some Passing to the genus bearing the sig- time entertained as to the recovery of the aificant name of Cynocephales, we find the unfortunate man. Chacma or the Ape-baboon of Swainson, The animal would not reënter the cage the Chac-kamma of the Hottentots. On until induced by jealousy. Richard had all fours it is not less than two feet in a daughter who sometimes fed the monkey, height, or about the size of a large mastiff. and had thus gained an influence over him. His pelt is of a greenish or yellowish black, She was placed behind the cage opposite the neck of the male wearing a long mane. the open door, and one of the garden boys The face is of a violet black, paler around pretended to caress her. On seeing this the eyes, and the upper eyelid is white. the creature fiercely bounded into the cage, The tail, eighteen inches in length, is thinking to reach them through the bars, terminated by a stout tuft of hair.
when the door was closed upon him and All the Cynocephales are of a brutal and securely fastened. wicked disposition, but the Chacma has an Kolbe pretends that these animals are unequaled ferocity, and a strength against so inexpressibly indecent that those perwhich no man could successfully contend. sons who hold them in captivity are guilty An example of this happened at the men of shameless effrontery. The same travagerie at Paris a few years since.
eler also gives an account of the habits of One Richard, a powerful man, some these animals in the savage state. The five feet six inches in height, was then Chacmas are passionately fond of grapes keeper of the monkeys, and his kitchen and of garden fruits in general. Their was apposite an apartment containing the strong teeth and claws render them very cage of a Chacma. During his absence formidable to the dogs, by whom they are one day the monkey succeeded in opening conquered with great difficulty, unless they the door of his cage, entered the kitchen, are previously gorged with fruit. The leaped upon a shelf containing some car- following is their plan for robbing an rots for the other monkeys, and set about orchard, a garden, or a vineyard. They wasting in good earnest the dinner of his ordinarily make these expeditions in troops,
a part entering the inclosure, a part being all the while approaching and trying to stationed on the wall as sentry, and the surround them and cut off their retreat. rest placed outside at a convenient dis- A few discharges of fire-arms frighten tance from each other, forming a line that them, but their intrepid courage prevents extends from their place of pillage to their their fleeing until they have seen several rendezvous. All being thus arranged, the of their number stretched upon the ground. animals commence the pillage by tossing If their unfortunate antagonist is without the melons, apples, pears, etc., to those a gun, or his powder fails him, he is lost ; upon the wall, and they, in turn, throw the Chacmas press upon him, they seize them to those outside, and so they are him, kill him, and tear him to pieces. passed along the line, which ordinarily An imprudent Englishman, drawn into reaches some mountain. They are so ex- the pursuit of these ferocious animals, on pert, and have so keen an eye, that they Table Mountain, near the Cape, suddenly rarely let the fruits fall in tossing them saw himself surrounded by them, and at from one to the other, and the whole is last was pushed to the very point of a rock done in profound silence and with much overhanging a precipice. In vain he fired promptness. When the sentinels perceive a few shots at these animals; they rushed any one they utter a cry, and at this sig- upon him with fearful cries, and the unnal the whole troop flee with astonishing happy hunter chose to cast himself down celerity.
the abyss, rather than be torn in pieces by The Chacmas are sociable and live in them. He was killed by the fall. troops, but when they are fixed in a rocky The Chacmas themselves prefer this mountain that suits them, they will not fate to captivity. I have received from tolerate the establishment of any other the lips of M. Delalande a fact which troop in their neighborhood. They defend proves it. Well armed, and assisted by their own territory against the approach Hottentot hunters attached to his service, of all other mammifers, and man in par- he one day undertook to surround a little ticular. If they perceive one of the latter troop of these animals upon the verge of a the alarm is immediately sounded, they precipice where their retreat was imposcall their comrades together with great sible. They did not hesitate to throw cries, and mutually encouraging each other, themselves down three hundred feet, rather they commence the attack. They first than be taken. throw at the enemy stones, sticks, and any
The scared little monkey who appears thing upon which they can lay their hands, ' in our cut to be receiving condign punish
ment at the hands of the Chacma is the stiti of the French naturalists. The MarCercocebus radiatus, sometimes called the mozet, one of the most noted of these, is a Macacus, known also as the Chinese Bon- much smaller creature than any of the net Monkey, probably so called on account monkeys previously mentioned, being not of the rays of hair which diverge in all more than six inches in length, or about as directions from the face. The muzzle is large as a squirrel. Its tail is ring-streaked smaller and straighter than that of most black and gray, and its body is watered or of the other macaci, the face and ears are waved with a rich yellowish gray. The of a livid flesh color, and the hands violet. face and palms of the hands are flesh
The Bonnet Monkey inhabits India, and colored; it has quite a proininence between is found principally on the coast of Mala- the eyes, and a white spot on the forebar, where it enjoys the same privileges head; the ear is surrounded with stiff long as the Hoonuman in Bengal. The natives hairs. The Marmozet is a native of are forbidden to kill it, under some pretext Guiana and. Brazil, and is much sought or other, and under severe penalties. If everywhere, not on account of its gentlea European happens to commit the dread- ness, but because it is pretty and makes ful crime, he is not subjected to the same but little trouble. Its character is not penalties as the natives, because it would amiable, and is very far from warranting be difficult to inflict them, but the Brahmins the friendship which the creature inspires. are perfectly convinced that some of the It appears good because it is feeble, intelten or a dozen monkey gods will kill off ligent because mistrustful, and gentle bethe offender during the year, to be avenged cause fearful. In its native woods it has for their earthly representative. The re- a certain vivacity which is lost during capsult is, that the Bonnet Monkey has plenty tivity. It preys upon large insects, and of elbow room in this part of India, and little birds, which it loves to catch while as the traveler Pyrard says, “ These leaping from branch to branch. When its monkeys are so inquisitive, mischievous, hunting proves inadequate to the supply and numerous, that they cause much dam- of its wants, it adds fruits and grains to age, and the inhabitants of both town and its diet, but its habits are carnivorous. country are obliged to put trellises upon It sometimes descends from the trees, and the windows to keep them out of their hunts snails and small lizards.
It even houses."
ventures to the water to seize unawares We have not, to my knowledge, any re- the little fish. cent reports on this species, and the ac- When the male has been separated from counts of ancient travelers are very con- the female in seeking her prey, he utters fused. Still it appears that the Bonnet a sharp, prolonged whistle to call her, and Monkey has a capricious character, and by this means he betrays himself to the wicked disposition, at least when it attains hunter. For if he perceives any disturba certain age, and that it lives habitually ance he crouches in some fork of the large on the pillage of orchards and sugar-cane branches, and remains so perfectly quiet plantations. It is also fond of the sap of that it is impossible to get a glimpse of him. the palm, which in India is used for the The male and female are never separpreparation of a fermented liquor called ated, though they appear to have very Zari. The monkey lies in ambuscade and little affection for each other. The female watches the Hindoo when he taps the tree, shows much ferocity, and that, too, in cirand puts in a bamboo spout to conduct the cumstances which in other animals develop sap to a vessel below. As soon as the increased tenderness. She gives birth to Hindoo has gone, this mischievous creature three or four little ones at once, and usudarts from its hiding place, climbs the tree, ally makes her debut into maternal duties and drinks the sap as fast as it flows out. by biting off the heads of one or two of It sometimes happens that the liquor in- them. The education of the rest of her toxicates the animals, and then they are family is pursued with a similar degree of easily taken. But these observations are tenderness. The little ones climb upon all of ancient date, and need to be confirm- her back, and when she consents to carry ed anew.
them it is but for a short time, and the The Striated Monkey (Jacchus vulgaris) moment that they embarrass or fatigue her, is probably so called from the color of its she rubs herself against the trunk or a hairy coat, and belongs to the order Ou- l branch of a tree, at the risk of crushing them ; obliges them to release their hold, world without arms, and whose lower and then pursues her way, careless as to extremities could be described as nothing what may become of them. Happily for better than a kind of bony stalks, with the them, if they have a bad mother, their barest indications of thighs, and what might father shows himself much more affection- pass for the rudiments of legs. On either ate. He hears their cries of distress and little foot there were but four toes. It comes to their succor, takes them upon was happy for both these humble parents his back and carries them. In the course that the spectacle of their child's wretched of time he overtakes the mother, and pre- condition, so far from exciting discontent sents them to her for nourishment, which and loathing, stirred up the deepest springs she offers with very bad grace.
of affection in their bosoms, and they loved In captivity the Marmozet, though ev- him all the more. erywhere much admired by the ladies, Such was the entry upon the world of does not show itself any more amiable. Cæsar Ducornet, historical painter, victor If we should judge by the motion of the in the academic schools, winner of the large rolling eyes, and the sprightliness gold medal in the exhibitions of the Louvre, of its motion, we should suppose it to be and corresponding member of the Imperial possessed of much penetration, but it is Society of Science, of Agriculture, and the not so ; these are the result of distrust and Arts, at Lille. fear. They never caress others, nor suf- The early infancy of Ducornet is not, fer themselves to be caressed. They dis- perhaps, to be regarded as unhappy ; intrust all the world, the hand that feeds nocence is unconscious of its defects. them as well as others; they bite all in- Moreover, people found a charm in the differently. They are hardly susceptible vigorous and determined expression of his of affection, but are very soon angry; the face ; so much sprightly and precocious least opposition irritates them, and when intelligence in his look ; so much characfrightened they utter a short, piercing cry, teristic and curious dexterity in all his while running away to hide themselves. movements, that every one noticed him with
The two individuals in our engraving sympathy, and treated him with tender(the Jacchus penicillatus and Jacchus Meanwhile the infant grew in years auritus) are other species of the same and stature, and the poor parents had to genus, both from Brazil. They are very ponder the difficult problem of a profession little known, but their leading character- for their boy. The shoemaker gained a istics are the same as those of the preced- humble subsistence by the labor of his ing species.
hands; but Providence had given the young
Cæsar no hands to labor with, and they CAESAR DUCORNET.
puzzled themselves in vain, since it was
plain he could work at no known trade, as N the 6th of January, 1806, there was to what was to be done with him. Many
born, in the humble dwelling of a poor poor parents in such a predicament would shoemaker in the Rue St. Jacques, at have made a beggar of the boy, and have Lille, an infant so strangely helpless and found their account in it; or they would deformed, that the attendants at its birth have hired him out for exhibition by some hesitated to show it to its parents. They traveling showman ; but the father of Duregarded it with a species of horror ; its cornet was an honest and independent utter feebleness foreboded its speedy death, artisan, who knew the true dignity of a and that they were ready to hail as a mer- workman, and was incapable of harboring ciful dispensation, both for mother and any thought of this kind. Still the quesbabe. But the mother took it to her bosom tion arose, What was to be done? They with all a mother's love, and the hapless had remarked that in his childish games little stranger did not die. Some days the infant made use of his feet with most after, when the poor shoemaker and his marvelous ability ; he threw the ball to his wife were left alone with their new-born comrades ; cut things he wanted to cut son, they might have been seen stooping, with a knife ; drew lines with chalk on with a mingled expression of terror, of
the floor of the room ; clipped out in paper pity, and parental compassion, over a cra- figures and images with his mother's scisdle, in which there rolled and twisted sors; in a word, everything which other about a little lusus naturæ, sent into the children did with their hands, he did with