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no one thing in which those who have enquired into the subject are so cordially agreed in one and all, as in the inadequacy of the present supply of masters for various schools, and in the primary importance of having masters to instruct in them properly educated. (Hear.) And it stands to reason. What is the duty they have to perform? My Lord, in the education of children they stand in the place of their earthly parents—they stand as the instruments of their heavenly parent, for the purpose of instilling into their minds, not only knowledge and science of earthly things; but instilling good dispositions, good habits, good principles, good conduct, founded on religious motives. These are the responsible duties of the school master : and there is no class of men who require so indispensably as they do, the manifestation in a very humble sphere, of the highest Christian duties, and the highest Christian virtues in their own persons. That which the Child hears from his teacher, but does not see in his teacher, he will soon learn to disregard; for if he sees a practical disbelief in him who teaches of that which he does teach, how shall he respect the authority from which, as the Rev. gentleman who preceded me says, his spiritual education must be received ? (Hear.) And what difficulties, what temptations, what trials beset these men! Is there any class of men that more need much patience, much forbearance, much meekness; tried to the highest and tested in a manner which very few can endure ; requiring, it is needless to add, a complete acquaintance with that which they have to teach. But is there one among a hundred who has the facility, I might almost say the knack—for there is a knack in it—of imparting to others what they know themselves. (Hear.) And this knowledge is to be imparted to perhaps 100 different persons, all of them different, in talents, in habits, in dispositions whose characters must be studied to see in regard to each how to administer instruction in the form and to the extent adapted to his capacity; for again I say, it is not sufficient that I know, if I am not able to make others know too, (Hear, hear ;) and there are very few indeed of those brought up as school masters, or rather, who undertake the situation of school masters, who have at all dwelt on, or imagined the difficulties of instilling into others that knowledge which they possess themselves. But this is not the only difficulty; for of the school masters who undertake the education of the middling and lower classes, few there are who have the requisite amount of ordinary knowledge that they ought to possess; few, comparatively speaking, are morally fitted for the office they undertake ; and it is a lamentable fact that, although I would not say that the parents are indifferent to the religious instruction of their children, yet in most cases, they satisfy themselves with ascertaining that the child is getting on." Of course the school-master belongs to the Established Church, of course they go to church, and of course they learn what is taught in the church ; but they learn it as a thing of course, and the parents trouble themselves not to ascertain whether the child makes any progress in religious education from that matter of course church teaching which he receives. (Hear.) But the point for consideration should be whether the matter is really imbued with the fundamental doctrines of
the church, so as to exhibit them in his daily practice. Now my Lord, these various difficulties meet us, at the very outset, and, if they are not encountered, successfully encountered, they will render
scheme of education utterly and entirely abortive, because it derives its support from a wrong root. If these difficulties are to be satisfactorily met, what better step can be taken than to establish an institution where school masters shall not only learn themselves, but learn practically how to teach what they know to others, and how infinitely more important than all that in such institutions they should be trained up to feel strong attachment to the church of their fathers and the national establishments of their country. (Loud applause.) Now, my Lord, if it be important that this point should be attended to, as our first step, permit me to say, as a member of the church, I consider it not as unimportant that this training school should be established at Chester. (Hear.) My Lord, we are members of a church, which from the first has been, not one of confusion, but of order; not of equality among all its members, but of due subordination one to another. We look to one spiritual head not on earth, and to one temporal head on earth; and in “ rendering to Ceasar the things that are Ceasar's,” we forget not to “render to God, the things that are Gods.” (Loud applause.) We reverence the established gradations of our church, through her Bishops, her Deans and Chapters, her Parochial Clergy, her lay members each in their several stations, imitating the great operations of nature, by which the sap in the tree passes up from the root to the trunk, then spreads through the main branches to the smallest boughs, and from them it is diffused equally forward till it reaches the remotest fibre of the smallest leaf. (Applause.) And this is the analogy of our church, and let me carry it further, for it is a wise dispensation of Providence, that although the leaf receive nourishment through the root and branches, by an almost miraculous provision, it again gives back its tribute; and through its smallest capillary tubes it returns its grateful nourishment to the trunk from which it derives its support.
There cannot be a closer analogy between this beautiful dispensation of nature and our church as it existed from the first, and to which state we seek to recall it. (Great applause.) My Lord, we propose that the Training School shall be at Chester, as--if I may use the term the spiritual metropolis of this Diocese—the trunk as regards this Diocese, the branch as regards the Kingdom at large, from which is to flow forth a stream of education to the remotest districts of the most thinly peopled portion of our country. (Great applause.) My Lord, our church is a building in which every part is fitly compacted and bound together so as to render each to each a mutual support. It is a body of many members, and every member has not the same office; but each has his allotted office, and if one member be diseased, the whole body is sick. It has been asked in the title of a recent very able pamphlet, “Are Cathedral Institutions useless ?" No one will answer that question in the affirmative. But though a difference of opinion exists as to the relative importance of the objects to which the resources at the disposal of Cathedral Establishments are now applied, as compared with the purposes
of parochial ministration, yet no one can entertain a doubt but that by connecting with them the education of the people, as it is proposed to do by these schools, these establishments may be rendered far more extensively useful than they are at present. It is stated in the Charter of the Cathedral of Ely, that a main object of its endowment was “ ut omnis generis Pietatis officia exuberanten illine in omnia vicina loca dimanent,"—that it should be, that is. “A source from which as from the fountain-head the offices, the duties of religion, of every description, shall out of its abundance be exuberantly poured forth in copious streams, and flow through all the neighbouring districts." (Great applause.) My Lord, this is the express condition of the Charter of Ely; this is the vindication that most of the old Charters give of the Cathedrals, not that they should be an idle reservoir, but one containing a copious supply of water ready to be let out in streams to meet the spiritual exigencies in every part of the Diocese. If this be agreeable to their original foundation, if it be agreeable to sound reason and sense, if it be agreeable to the primary institutions of our church, shall we hesitate to say that in no place can the leading institution for the purpose of diffusing Christian education be more fitly placed than at Chester, and under the immediate superintendance and control of the Dean and Chapter of the Diocese, who under your Lordship's eyes may exercise so important an influence. I feel that I have already trespassed so long on your time-(applause)—that I must necessarily make what further remarks I have to offer, very brief. I have already said that the very object of Chapters is to diffuse the stream of education through every portion of the community. It follows, then, that in every portion of the Diocese there should be a fitting machinery prepared to co-operate with the Chapter and the Central Training Schools, and speedily to diffuse the benefits of the general system, through the Deaneries to the respective parishes in each.
My Lord, it is an unhappy fact, but I fear it is a fact, there is no portion of the community with whom so little pains have been taken by wise measures to attach them to the Church of the country, as precisely that very portion of the community who are the strength, the sinews, and the nerves of the whole body. The higher classes by the universities and great schools are invariably placed under the clergy of the establishment. The schools of the lowest denominations are generally superintended by the parish minister; but between these there is a great and important gap to be filled there is a gap
that it is more important you should fill up. There is a demand for an improving scientific education amongst the middle classes according to the march of science, and which if they do obtain in connexion with the Established Church, they so obtain it but by chance and not by system; for as a class that class is hardly connected with the Established Church at all. There must be evidently engrafted on your system of education a system of scientific education, which the middle classes must and will have; and which it should be our care that they will be able to have, combined with our ministrations, combined with a sound religious instruction in the principles of our national
establishment. (hear, hear.) My Lord, if an opposite course be taken who shall wonder that there is so much of dissent amongst this important class—so much of alienation, so much of envy and bitterness against the church; that the ministers of the church should by them be accused as sinecurists; that they derive little or no benefit from their ministrations ; that they fall into other hands much less competent to discharge their functions and who will not fail to inflame their feelings of dissatisfaction. (Loud applause.) But if you take the opposite and more generous course, calling on the laity to assist you, and on the population at large, appealing to their reason, to their understanding and hearts, not to forsake the church of their fathers, and its discipline; but not only not to fall from it themselves, but to unite and induce those without to come in—to bring them from the highways and hedges that our table
may be full ; and it is a table of much abundance. (Great applause.) If we take this wise, this prudent, this religious course, we shall hear little of dissaffection against the church, we shall, I trust, hear less of dissent among the people. (Hear.) Those who dissent from us will still respect us, and many beginning with respect will be led
on step by step to join in our communion. (Loud cries of “hear.”) My Lord, I have now nearly done; I have often on other occasions and under different circumstances, contended earnestly in the legislature of my country for some point that I conceived to be of great importance, for which I have battled honestly, warmly, and perhaps vehemently; but I never rose in that assembly to argue in favour of a proposition in which I felt more firmly engaged, heart and soul, than in the great work which I trust will receive some impetus this day. (Vehement applause.) My Lord, in my political life, it has often occurred to me to see that objects, thought at the time when they were discussed to be of pre-eminent importance, have in very few years dwindled into absolute insignificance; I have seen measures turned by the Providence of God to results very different from those anticipated either by those who supported or those who opposed them. But here we can feel no doubt, no difficulty; we have the plain Word of God to encourage and support us. (Hear.) If I mistake not, the Church keeps the remembrance this day of that most astounding miracle of our faith, whereby a miraculous illumination from on high was poured down to dispel the dark of honest ignorance and to enlighten the zealous mind of the chosen Apostle to the Gentiles. By that light he was himself enlightened; in that light he was taught to walk, in that strength he was ordered to go forth and he did go forth and triumph in that strength without which he well knew his weakness; he went forth to call all nations to a knowledge of the religion of his God, and to spread through the heathen world the blessing—of what can I call it less of a Christian education. (Great applause.) My Lord, shall we doubt He will continue His blessing to our humble and poor endeavours? My Lord, to doubt it, would be to doubt His word; His word which is truth. We know, that it is His desire that the knowledge of His word should cover the earth as the waters cover the sea ; we know we have His promise that He is with His Church always, even to the end. In His strength, and not in our
own we can go forth and prosper, assured that He will not forsake those who through the medium of the institutions which he has appointed, have steadily aimed at performing the work which He has commanded. (Hear.) But while we seek to bring all men, especially our country-men within the communion of that branch of the universal church to which we belong, we go forth in no spirit of hostility towards those who differ from us ; we know our own infirmities and prejudices, and we make the allowance which we ought to do for those around us. Above all, we look forward to that day when all human imperfections shall be blotted outwhen all human differences shall have been extinguished for ever-when all human infirmities shall have been wiped away and when those whom we may lead to the knowledge, and love, and fear of God, together with those who may be brought to the same purpose through the instrumentality of others, shall be brought together and encircled in the allembracing arms of all-redeeming love-shall be "one fold, and under one shepherd.”—(The noble Lord sat down amidst enthusiastic and prolonged applause.)
The Rev. J. Slade, Vicar of Bolton, rose to second the resolution. He said–Did ever person rise to address a meeting with greater disadvantage ? (hear) But I have not the presumption to attempt to expatiate on those topics so eloquently and powerfully treated by the noble Lord who has preceded me; and I am convinced that the provisional Committee would never have appointed me at all to follow his Lordship, but from the circumstance of my being somewhat officially connected with the resolation before the meeting, as member of the Chapter; and as such I willingly respond to the call. For though I cannot, as an individual, pledge or bind that body, yet I may assure you that the Dean himself is hearty in the cause; and I believe that the Capitular body generally will be disposed to fulfil the wishes, and to promote the objects of this meeting to the utmost of their power. At all events, I can answer for one; and no individual in the church would derive greater gratification from the increased efficiency of the Chapter than that humble individual who now addresses you; (applause) no one is ready to embark in the enterprize with a more ardent zeal, none ready to devote to this high and important object more of his time and his labour. (hear.) At this late hour, my Lord, I certainly shall feel it my duty to curtail a considerable portion of what I had intended to submit to your Lordship and this meeting. I shall, therefore, now content myself merely with a short corroboration of what has fallen from others. In the first place, in expressing my confidence that, in the extended operations of the National Society, we shall in all that we contemplate and do, never lose sight of those great church principles upon which the Society is formed and established; but that they will always be truly, energetically, and faithfully carried out; that in extending the benefits of this noble society we shall never lose sight either of the essential elements, or the distinguishing features of our Catholic Church; never suffer her broad lines of demarkation to be intermingled and blended and shaded off with systems of error. But I do trust that it