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One Thing more I must note, viz. That I do not expect one and the same Task should serve for all Capacities : Some may be able to do more, others less, than I have prescrib’d; but let all do what they
The former may read many other Books besides those here mention'd, as they have Leisure, and as their own Fancy or Judgment may lead them : The latter may be content with only sume Part of what is here set down ; or by the Advice of their Tutor, chuse some shorter and easier Way of getting a moderate Share of Learning, suited to their Circumstances and Capacities.
Upon the Whole ; let the Method prescrib'd be a general standing Rule, to steer the Course of your Srudies by. Where Exceptions are necessary, your own Prudence, or your Tutor, will direct you what to do.
Books to be read in the first Year.
Xenophontis Cyri Sprat's Sermons.
Inftitutio. Blackball's Serm.
and Discourses, graphy,
Remarks on the Books mention'd in the first
Column. Wingate's Arithmetick. This Book is design'd for an Introduction to Mathematicks, and is one of the plainest in its kind : And because Arithmetick and Geometry are requisite to a thorough Knowledge in Philosophy, I refer the.n to that Head.
Euclid may follow, or be begun at the same Time with the former, if your Tutor reads Lectures in it; otherwise let it alone till he does. I shall not trouble you with the Reasons why I prefer Euclid to any other Elements of Geometry as most proper to begin with ; see Mr. Wbiston's Preface to Tacquet, with which I agree entirely, for other Reasons besides those there mention'd. You may, if you have Time, when you have gone through five or six Books in Euclid, take Pardie's Geometry, and you will be pleas’d to find the same Things you have learnt before in a different and somewhat shorter Method ; besides fome other Things, which will be new and diverting
Wallis's Logick, or some other, I suppose, may by this Time be read by your Tutor : The Use of it chiefly lies in explaining Words and Terms of Art, especially to young. Beginners. As to the true Art of Reasoning, it will be better learnt afterwards by other Books, or come by Use, and Imitation. The moft
proper Way will be to read reasoning Authors, to converse with your Equals freely upon Subjects you have read, and now and then to abridge a close written Discourse upon other Subjects, as well as Sermons. The Conduct of the Understanding is admirably taught by Mr. Locke, in a posthumous Discourse that bears his Name. The Study of the Mathematicks also will help more towards it than any Rules of Logick
Keil's Trigonometry may now be read, but I suppose your Tutor to help you. Trigonometry is very necessary to prepare you for reading of Astronomy, which cannot be competently understood without it. Some Insight into other parts of the Mathematicks, particularly Conick Sections, if you have Time and Inclinations for it, may be highly useful, and you may carry on Mathematicks and
Philosophy together through the whole four Years. I suppose you have some Notion of Algebra, from the Rudiments of it in Arithmetick; but it would now be very proper to advance fomewhat further in it, for the better understanding the Books of Philosophy mention'd hereafter; for which I shall name Hammond's, Maclaurin's and Simpson's Algebra, but the former may be sufficient.
Remarks on the Books containd in the second
Terence is as easy as any to begin with, and the most proper, because you must read it very often, to snake yourself Master of familiar and
Latin. Xenophon comes next, as being pure and easy Greek; and you are to take Care so to read alternately the Greek and Latin Authors, that you may improve in both Languages.
By the way, let me here mention one Thing relating to the Hellenistical Language: It would not be improper to bring your Septuagint with you to Chapel every Day, to read the Lessons in Greek. I need not add any Thing about the other Classicks in this Column, the Reasons being much the same with what hath been observ'd of the two first, but read over the general Directions given for the Study of Classicks, and apply them as you see Occafion,
It being almost indifferent what Sermons are read firft, provided they be good, I have not been curious about placing them. If some of these Sermons may
be fooner had than others, begin with which you he please
A short Character of the Sermons is this : Sharp's, til Calamy's and Blackball's, are the best Models for an focaly
, natural, and familiar Way of writing. Sprat is fine, Aorid and elaborate in his Stile, artful in his Method, and not so open as the former, but harder to be imitated. Hoadły is very exact and judicious, and both his Sense and Scile just, close, and clear, The other chree are very sound, clear Writers; only Scot is too swelling and pompous, and South is fomething too full of Wit and Satyr, and does not always observe a Decarum in his Stile.
Harris's Altronomi- Cambray on Elo
Vol. I. Folio.
Tillotson's Serm. fare Conicæ. Demosthenes.
Vol. II. Fol.
Vol. III. Fol.
Remarks on the First Column.
Harris's Astronomical Dialogues, and Keil's Astronomical Lectures, are plain and intelligible, and will give a good general View of that Science.
Locke's Human Understanding must be read, being a Book so much (and I add so justly) valued, however faulty the Author may have been in other Writings.
Simpson's Conic Sections may be read by any one who understands Euclid, and will be necessary to those who would understand Astronomy. I have also mentioned Milnes's Conic Sections.
Keil is more difficult, and perhaps not to be attempted proprio Marte, or without the Help of your Tutor.
Cheyne will for the most part be very easy, after you understand the two former : And you may join Bentley's Sermons, and Huygens's Planetary Worlds, if
you have Time, which will at once improve, and entertain you. Robault's Physicks are chiefly valuable for the Opticks, which are there laid down in the easiest and clearest Manner: As to the rest, the excellent Notes that go along with it, are its best Commendation. You may pass over many Chapters, with only a cursory View, and entirely omit the three last Parts, only observing the Notes at the Bottom of the Pages, which are every where good. Read Desagulier's and Rowning's Mechanicks, Staticks and Opticks, along with Robault, which will very much contribute to the right understanding such Parts of him, or his Editor, as are upon those Subjects. You may add Bartholin's Physicks for the Heads of a System. But I suppose by this Time you will be able to observe some Defeats, and correct fome Mistakes of that Author, as you read him.