« VorigeDoorgaan »
read one of Tully's on a similar Subject. Consider the argumentative Part by itself, which Freigius's Analytical Notes will assist you in ; and then you will beft distinguish the Ornaments which Oratory adds, and the Art of ranging and managing each Topick, and become able to imitate him, allowing for the Difference of the Subject. However, the bare reading of his Compositions will make your Thoughts more free, and more just than otherwise. Thus Tully improv'd by Demosthenes, and Virgil by Homer; not to mention many others ancient or modern, who have thus made excellent Use of their reading in their Compositions.
8. It wou'd be very convenient for you to have a Map before you, and chronological Tables, when you read any History, and sometimes it may be requisite in Books of Oratory and Poetry. You may be taught in an Hour or two's Time, by your Tutor, how to use the Maps or Tables.
CHA P. V.
General Directions for Divinity.
TOME Foundation should be laid in Divirity,
within the first four Years, for these Reasons : 1. Because many design for Orders, soon after they take a Degree ; and must therefore be prepar'd in that Time, or not at all.
2. Because it will require a long Time to be but competently skill'd in Divinity; and therefore it hould be begun with very early: And if it be not, t will hardly be carried to any great Perfection afterwards.
3. It is very good for a Student to have all along in his Eye what he is design'd for, and to spend some Part of his Time and Thoughts upon it. Nevertheс
less I would allow no more than the spare Hours in Sundays and Holidays, before and after the Duty of those Days : And I suppose Time may be found in each of them for reading and abridging two Sermons,* as I shall direct hereafter. The preparatory Studies I of Philosophy and Classicks, must not be neglected, for Divinity, in the first four Years; for they are a the Foundation, without which a Man can hardly be a judicious, 'tis certain he cannot be a learned Di- vine. I therefore allow all other Time, except Sundays, and Holidays, to these, and them to Divinity. Only I should advise such as design immediately to leave the University, and take Orders, to allow fomething more to the last ; their Mornings to Philofophy, Afternoons to Clafficks, and Nights and Holidays to Divinity; or, however, to the reading the best English Writers, such as Temple, Collier, Spectator, and other Writings of Addison, and other Masters of Thought and Stile. I could give several Reasons for this ; but they are very obvious, and will be easily understood, from what I shall observe presently about English Sermons.
I must be larger in my Advices about Divinity, than I have been about the two former ; because the Method I propose may seem perhaps new and strange, and the Reasons for it not sufficiently understood without particular Explication.
I advise by all Means to begin with English Sermons: The Reasons for it are these :
1. They are the easiest, plainest, and most entertaining of any Books of Divinity; and therefore fittest for young Beginners.
2. They contain as much and as good Divinity as any other Discourses whatever, and might be digested into a better Body of Divinity than any that is yet extant.
3. The reading of them, besides the Knowledge of Divinity, teaches the best Method of making
under der to Peace.
ET, it the Side, as you see here : and jerry Consider what is due from us to the Church, in or
Sermons in the easiest Manner, by Example, and fur: Hi:
nishes a Man infensibly with Words and Phrases suitfo
able to the Pulpit, making him Master of the English
4. When any one has read over and abridg'd most
Get a Quarto Paper-Book; and after you have carefully read a Sermon once or twice over, take down the general and particular Heads, marking the first with Numbers in the Middle of the Paper, the other
Sharp's First Sermon. ill be Let us tberefore follow after Things that make for
Peace. Rom. xiv. 19.
to P ts and 6 read
er Malta Reatos
1. Every Member of the Church is bound to ex
ternal Communion with it, where it may be
Society, nor Privileges can be obtain'd.
with the Church Establish'd where he lives, if
the Terms of Communion be lawful.
Laws and Constitutions of the Church;
knowki of maks
ist, As to the orderly Performance of Worship:
4. Nothing but unlawful Terms of Communion
can justify a Separation. 5. From hence it follows, That neither unscrip- na
tural Impositions, nor Errors, nor Corruptions in
; nor lastly, the Pretence of better Edi-
II. Consider what is due from us to particular Chriffians, in order to Peace.
1. That in Matters of Opinion, we give every
Man Leave to judge for himself. 2. That we lay aside all Prejudice in the Search af
ter Truth. 3.
That we quarrel not about Words. That we charge not Men with all the Consequences deducible from their Opinions. 5. That we abstract Mens Persons from their
Opinions. 6. That we vigorously pursue Holiness.
Motives to the Duty laid down.
Viriue. 4. From their ill
the Civil Estate.
Here you have the Divisions and Sub-divisions, the Substance of the whole Sermon in a very little Compals; and by having it thus in little, you will both comprehend and recain it better. Do thus with two Sermons every Sunday and Holiday, which need not take up more than three Hours each; and in three or four Years Time, you can hardly imagine how much it will improve you in practical Divinity; and of how great Use it will be to you ever after.
If you have been careful in your three first Years to read over and abridge most of the best Sermons in Print, as I shall point out to you, next endeavour to get a general View of the several Controversies on Foot, from Bennet's Books; and fome Knowledge of Church-Hiftory, from Mr. Echard, and Du Pin's Compendious History of the Church, in four Volumes 8vo; and then, if you have Time, undercake Pearson on the Creed, and Burnet on the Articles. But I shall be more particular in appointing what Bocks are to be read, in the following Pages.
CH A P. VI.
A Course of Studies, Philosophical, Clafical, and
Divine, for the firsi four years.
AVING given general Directions for your
Studies of three Kinds, I shall now shew you more particularly what Books are to be read, and in what Order ; and appoint you your Work for every Year till you take a Degree.
I begin the Year with January, though few come so early to College: If you happen to come later, yet begin with the Books first set down, and take the rest in Order, without minding what Months are ap
pointed for them ; only keep as near as may be to Ha the Proportion of Time set for the reading of them.