A View from Rome: On the Eve of the Modernist Crisis
Fordham Univ Press, 1993 - 283 pages
The underlying contention of this study is that, since Catholic Moderism was defined not by the so-called modernists but by the anti-modernists, to understand it one must understand the anti-modernist (or integralist) mind. But to understand the anti-modernist mind, one must understand the Mediterranean culture that so largely produced it. The illumination can happen only against the backdrop of its larger historical context, the ecclesiastical mind of the nineteenth century as it reacted to the currents of socio-political change. By wedding anthropological interpretation with historical critical investigation this study opens a window onto the official ecclesiastical mind stretching from Pius X back to Gregorgy XVI. More than that, however, it shows the behavior of this mind as possibly paradigmatic for the official church's behavior in similar moments of socio-cultural turbulence from the time of Christianity's immersion in empire with Constantine up to the present day. By revealing the cultural/ideological embeddedness of the Modernist Crisis, this study underscores power and hegemony as the pre-eminent issue behind this as well as every other historical construction. The principal document of this study is the remarkably full and revelatory memories of the Jesuit superior general Luis Martin (1846-1906), who bridged the papacies of Leo XIII and Pius X. Written in almost absolute secrecy and spirited out of Rome on Martin's death, these memoirs provide an incomparably rich resource that, under the lights of anthropological interpretation, opens up the interior psycho-social dynamics of the institutional church in a particularly telling moment of its history.
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AEPSJ American Americanist ANGL anti-modernist April Archbishop Archives argued ARSJ authority bishops Cardinal Catholic Church Catholicism censors Charnley Civilta condemnation consultors cultural curia doctrine Dreyfus Dreyfus affair ecclesiastical encyclical England English Fathers English Jesuits English Province faith February George Jackson Mivart George Tyrrell Gilmore Hecker Holy Honor and Shame Ibid Ignatius Ireland issue January Jesuit John John Ireland joint pastoral Lamennais Leo XIII's Leo's letter liberalism Loisy London Luis Martin Maignen male Martin to Gerard Mediterranean mind Memorias Merry del Val Meyer Mivart modernism modernist crisis moral Neo-Scholasticism O'Connell papacy papal Pascendi perceived perceptions Perverted Devotion Pius political pope Poyanne Providentissimus Deus provincial superior published question religion religious replied Roman Rome Sacred scholasticism sexual social Society of Jesus Spain Spanish Spanish-American War spirit superior theologians theology tion truth Turinaz Tyrrell's Vatican Vaughan writing wrote