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be conducted in FY 1986/1987. Similar assessments have been initiated for LANCE and Ground Launch Cruise Missiles, with field trials scheduled for both systems in FY 1987.

Several FY 1987 projects will improve the survivability of nuclear weapons storage and transportation. A program plan developed by DNA for NATO's Senior Level Weapons Protection Group will be refined. Innovative storage techniques, initially developed for implementation in Europe, will be adapted for application in the Pacific theater.

DNA's technology base programs address theater force survivability

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Airblast testing of tactical equipment scheduled for the FY 1987 high explosive event.

Use of the DNA-developed Thermal Radiation Simulator (TRS) to
evaluate the thermal protection provided by current tactical
equipment, coatings, and clothing.

Modification, in FY 1986, of the AURORA laboratory radiation
simulator to accommodate the Abrams tank and Bradley fighting vehicle.

Development, in cooperation with the Navy, of the EMPRESS II EMP
simulator, which is scheduled to begin operation in FY 1987.

As part of the FY 1985 military exercises in Europe, we demonstrated a microcomputer based co system that enabled major reductions in the time required to plan and execute simulated tactical nuclear missions. In FYS 1986 and 1987, we plan to develop and demonstrate in Europe a highly survivable ground wave communications system with a low probability of intercept and mobile capabilities permitting dispersal for nuclear survivability. Beginning in FY 1986, and continuing into 1987, is development of a survivable communications system to process battlefield information and nuclear targeting data. This effort is an extension of our earlier work to reduce the time required for tactical nuclear mission planning and execution.

Nuclear Employment Planning

DNA has had considerable success in programs that develop, evaluate, and demonstrate new approaches for theater force command and planning. Building on these accomplishments, in FY 1987, DNA will demonstrate an automated nuclear planning system for an Allied Tactical Operations Center (ATOC). This system will build on a previously developed automated system that optimizes planning for Army Corps nuclear forces. We will also support potential improvements to the nuclear weapon planning capabilities at the SHAPE and other Allied headquarters.

On-going projects, scheduled for completion in FY 1987, address Warsaw Pact forces' vulnerabilities to both Non-Strategic Nuclear and Advanced Conventional Weapons. These analyses will enable DoD and Allied organizations to select the best mixes of state-of-the-art munitions, and to develop plans that make the best possible use of all theater force capabilities, nuclear and non-nuclear.


In DNA's projects, emphasis is placed on transfering results from assessments and tests to our many DoD customers. Examples of such technology transfers to strategic and theater forces are described in subsequent sections of this presentation. In addition, a few of DNA's technology transfer programs merit special emphasis because they illustrate the diversity of DNA'S responsiveness to the requirements of a wide range of DoD organizations.

The first is a set of projects which DNA has initiated to assist DoD elements that are responding to Department of Defense Instruction 4245.4, which requires that nuclear survivability be one of the points considered in the acquisition of new major and non-major systems with critical missions. We are working with concerned OSD and Service offices and developing products that transfer the information and tools that these elements need in order to develop state-of-the-art survivable systems.

In a second program area, DNA develops the products that are DoD references for nuclear effects information and calculations. This includes publication of EM-1, the core reference document for nuclear effects information; sponsorship of DASIAC -- the DoD Nuclear Information Analysis Center; and dissemination of computer programs for nuclear effects calculations.

A third thrust is exemplified by one of DNA's subordinate organizations -- the Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute -- addresses the biomedical effects that might affect combat performance, and develops and transfers to the Services methods for mitigating these effects. Another biomedically-oriented component of DNA's program is a cooperative effort involving the Veterans Administration and other agencies that reconstructs the radiation doses that were received by participants in the atmospheric test program,

A fourth example of DNA's ability to transfer technology to other areas of concern are those investigations of global environmental effects that might result from a major nuclear exchange. DNA's development of atmospheric physics and thermal effects technology is intended to resolve some of the major uncertainties associated with the global environmental effects phenomenon. In the current fiscal year, we are initiating experiments to collect data from large wildland fires to develop a better thermal effects database that will help to reduce present uncertainties. We will continue to participate in DoD-wide programs that address potential global climatic effects.


In my testimony today, Mr. Chairman, I have outlined Defense Nuclear Agency RDT&E programs that make critical contributions to our national policy of deterrence. These programs develop and apply the technology base that supports strategic and theater nuclear forces. At this point, I complete my prepared statement. I would be happy to address any questions you might have.



Lieutenant General John L. Pickitt is Director, Defense Nuclear Agency.

General Pickitt was born July 30, 1933, in Teague, Texas, and grew up in Gilmer, Texas. He attended Kilgore Junior College before entering the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, NY, in 1951. He graduated with a bachelor of science degree and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the U.S. Air Force in 1955. He earned a master of science degree in aeronautical engineering in 1961 through the Air Force Institute of Technology program at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio. The general completed Air Command and Staff College in 1965 and the Industrial College of the Armed Forces in 1973.

In August 1955, General Pickitt entered primary pilot training at Marianna Air Force Base, Florida, proceeding to basic pilot training in February 1956 at Greenville Air Force Base, Mississippi. He then remained at Greenville as an instructor pilot.

He was named chief of Air Force Systems Command's Liquid Rocket Section at Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico, in August 1961. Following graduation from Air Command and Staff College in June 1965, he was assigned to the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Plans, Headquarters Air Training Command, Randolph Air Force Base, Texas. In February 1967, he transferred to MacDill Air Force Base, Florida, for F-4 combat crew training. In August 1967, General Pickitt joined the 366th Tactical Fighter Wing, Da Nang Air Base, Republic of Vietnam, as an F-4 aircraft commander. He flew 161 combat missions, 100 of them over North Vietnam. Upon returning to the United States, he was assigned to the air-to-air study group of the Fighter Division in the office of the Assistant Chief of Staff for Studies and Analyses, Headquarters U.S. Air Force, Washington, D.C., from April 1968 to July 1972.

The general graduated from the Industrial College of the Armed Forces in June 1973 and was assigned to the 474th Tactical Fighter Wing at Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada, as assistant deputy commander for operations. In January 1974, he became wing deputy commander for operations and in February 1975 the wing's vice commander.

He moved to Langley Air Force Base, Virginia, in May 1975 as special assistant to the commander of Tactical Air Command. He served in that capacity until July 1976 when he became commander of the 2nd Aircraft Delivery Group at Langley. General Pickitt transferred to Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho, in January 1977 and served as commander of the 366th Tactical Fighter Wing. In July 1978, he became commander of Tactical Training Luke, later designated 832nd Air Division, Luke Air Force Base, Arizona. The general returned to Headquarters Tactical Air Command, Langley

Air Force Base, in January 1980, where he served as assistant deputy chief of staff for plans and then as deputy chief of staff for plans. He became deputy commander of Tactical Air Command and commander of air defense forces in 1981 and served in that capacity until May 1983 when he moved to the Republic of Korea to serve as Deputy Commander in Chief, United Nations Command; Chief of Staff of the Republic of Korea/United States Combined Forces Command; and Deputy Commander of United States Forces Korea. He assumed his present duties in June 1985.

General Pickitt is a command pilot with more than 4,000 flying hours in fighter aircraft which includes 7-48, F-5s, F-15s, F-1045, F-106s and F-llls. His military decorations and awards include the Defense Distinguished Service Medal, Air Force Distinguished Service Medal, Legion of Merit with two oak lea Flying Cross with 12 oak leaf clusters, Air Force Commendation Medal with one oak leaf cluster and Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Ribbon with "V" device.

He was promoted to lieutenant general June 1, 1983, with same date of rank.

General Pickitt is married to the former Mary Kay Oseland of New York City. They have two children: John and Patricia. General Pickitt's hometown is Gilmer, Texas.

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