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....... ON : JOHNSON's Life of MILTON.

WE were in hope that we had done with Milton's Biographers; and had little foresight that so accomplished an artificer

of language would have condescended to bring up the rear of his historians.

But it was not for the reputation of Dr. Johnson's politics that Milton should be abused for his principles of Liberty by a less eminent hand than his own. The minute fnarlers, or punoje declamers against the sentiments and diction of Milton's prose-works, had ceased to be regarded, till the maxims of some of those who pay Dr. Johnson's quarterages had occafioned an inquiry into the genuine principles of the English Government, when the writings of Milton, Sydney, Locke, &c. which the moderation, of the last reign had left in some degree of neglect, were now taken down from the shelves where they had so long reposed, to confront the doctrines which,


it had been presumed, would never more conte into fashion. .

No man contributed more to restore the esteem and credit of these noble patriotié writers than the late ever-to-behonoured Mr. Hollis, of whose beautiful and accurate editions of Sydney's Dilcourses, of Ločké on Government and Toleration, and of Toland's Life of Milton, we have spoken largely in another place. .. Dr. Johnson's peace of mind required that this recovering taste of the public should not ripen into appetite, particularly for Milton's works, whose reputation he had formerly taken so much elegant pains to depreciate. The source of :his disaffection to Milton's principles can

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be no secret to those who have been conversant in the controversies of the times. Dr. Johnson's early and well-known attachments will sufficiently account for it; and posterity will be at no lofs to determine whether our biographer's veneration was paid to the White Rose or the Red *.

But Dr. Johnson's particular malevolence to Milton may not be so well known, or possibly forgot; we shall therefore give a short account of its progress, from its first appearance to its confummation in this Life of Milton. is

In the year 1747, one William Lauder sent to the Gentleman's Magazine some hints of Milton's plagiarism, in pillaging certain modern writers for the materials of his poem, intituled, Paradise Loft: * See Preface to Milton, p. 2.


Who William Lauder was, what was: his character, and of what stamp his moral and political principles, may be learned from a pamphlet, intituled, FUŘIUS, printed for Carpenter, in Fleet-street, without a date; but, as evidently appears by the Remarks at the end of it, published soon after Lauder's appearance in the Gentleman's Magazine, with his famous discoveries.

Congenial politics create connections between men in whose abilities there is great disparity, Buchanan’s principles, in his dialogue, De jure Regni apud Scotos, were equally detefted by the noted Thomas Ruddiman and William Lauder. Bụt Lauder's malignity could never pres vail with the ingenuous Ruddiman to

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