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71 His lordship now changed his mode of attack. In- wishes to turn him out of his living. You would stead of threatening, he began to entreat: “Ber- oblige me, if you would take no notice of that squire, ridge," said he, "you know I have been your friend, and not saffer the honest man to be interrupted in and I wish to be so still; I am constantly teazed with his living.” The bishop was astonished, and could the complaints of the clergymen around you. Only not imagine in what manner things could have thus assure me that you will keep to your own parish; got round. It would not do, however, to object; he you may do as you please there. I have but little was obliged to bow compliance, ang so I continued time to live; do not bring down my grey hairs with ever after uninterrupted in my sphere of action. sorrow to the grave.” At this instant two gentlemen Fere announced, who desired to speak with the bishop. " Berridge," said he, "go to your inn, and come again
TRUE SELF-DEVOTEDNESS. at such an hour, and dine with me." I went, and on entering a private room, fell immediately upon my The most striking instance of self-devotedness in the knees. I could bear threatening, but knew not how of deadness, I was told of last week by an English
cause of Christ of which I ever heard in these days to withstand entreaty, especially the entreaty of a respectable old man. At the appointed time I re- minister. It has never been printed, and therefore turned. At dinner, I was treated with great respect. I will relate it to you just as I heard it, to stir up our The two gentlemen also dined with us. I found they cold hearts that we may give ourselves to the Lord. had been informed who I was, as they sometimes The awful disease of leprosy still exists in Africa. cast their eyes towards me, in some such manner as
Whether it be the same leprosy as that mentioned one would glance at a monster. After dinner, the
in the Bible I do not know, but it is regarded as perbishop took me into the garden. “Well, Berridge," fectly incurable, and so infectious that no one dares said he,“ have you considered of my request ? "
to come near the leper. In the south of Africa there have, my lord," said I, " and have been upon my is a lazar-house for lepers. It is an immense space, knees concerning it.” “Well, and will you promise enclosed by a very high wall, and containing fields me that you will preach no more out of your own
which the lepers cultivate. There is only one entrance, parish : " " It would afford me great pleasure," which is strictly guarded. Whenever any one is found said I, to comply with your lordship's request, it's with the marks of leprosy upon him, he is brought could do it with a good conscience. I am satisfied to this gate and obliged to enter in, never to return. the Lord has blessed my labours of this kind, and I No one who enters in by that awful gate is allowed dare not desist." “A good conscience !" said the to come out again! Within this abode of misery bishop,“ do you not know that it is contrary to the there are multitudes of lepers in all stages of disease. canons of the Church?” “There is one canon, my
Dr Halbeck, a missionary of the Church of England, lord," I replied, " which saith, 'Go, preach the Gos from the top of a neighbouring hill, saw them at pel to every creature."" " But why should you wish work. He noticed two particularly, sowing peas in to interfere with the charge of other men ?
the field. The one had no hands, the other had no cannot preach the Gospel to all men.” “If they feet --- these members being wasted away by the would preach the Gospel themselves,"
said I, there disease. The one who wanted the hands was carrywould be no need for my preaching it to their people; ing the other who wanted the feet upon his back, but as they do not, I cannot desist.” The bishop and he again carried in his hands the bag of seed, then parted with me in some displeasure. I returned and dropped a pea every now and then, which the home, not knowing what would befall me; but thank- other pressed into the ground with his foot; and so ful to God that I had preserved a conscience void of they managed the work of one man between the two. offence. I took no measures for my own preserva Ah! how little we know of the misery that is in the tion, but Divine Providence wrought for me in a way world. Such is this prison-house of disease. But that I never expected. When I was at Clare Hall, you will ask, Who cares for the souls of the hapless I was particularly acquainted with a fellow of that inmates? Who will venture in at this dreadful gate, college; and we were both upon terms of intimacy never to return again? Who will forsake father and with Mr Pitt, the late Lord Chatham, who was at mother, houses and lands, to carry the message of a that time also at the university. This fellow of Clare Saviour to these poor lepers? I'wo Moravian misHall, when I began to preach the Gospel, became my sionaries, impelled by a divine love for souls, have enemy, and did me some injury in some ecclesiastical chosen the lazar-house as their field of labour. They privileges, which before time I had enjoyed. At entered it, never to come out again; and I am told length, however, when he heard that I was likely to that as soon as these die, other Moravians are quite come into trouble, and to be turned out of my living ready to fill their place. Ah! my dear friends, may at Everton, his heart relented. He began to think,
we not blush and be ashamed before God, that we, it seems, within himself, We shall ruin this poor redeemed with the same blood, and taught by the fellow among us. This was just about the time that same Spirit, should yet be so unlike these men, in I was sent for by the bishop. Of his own accord he vehement, heart-consuming love to Jesus and the writes a letter to Mr Pitt, saying nothing about my souls of men.--M*Cheyne. Methodism, but to this effect: "Our old friend Berridge has got a living in Bedfordshire, and, I am informed, he has a squire in his parish that gives him
Miscellaneous. a deal of trouble-has accused him to the bishop of the diocese, and, it is said, will turn him out of the living. I wish you could contrive to put a stop to Real independence consists in being altogether dethese proceedings." Mr Pitt was at that time a young man, and not choosing to apply to the bishop dent of all else.
pendant upon God, and thereby virtually indepenhimself, spoke to a certain nobleman, to whom the bishop was indebted for his promotion. This nobleman within a few days made it his business to see the
ANGER.–Wise anger is like fire from the flint; bishop, who was then in London. My lord," said there is a great ado to bring it out; and when it does be, "I am informed you have a very honest 'fellow, come, it is out again immediately.—Matthew
Henry. sne Berridge, in your diovese, and that he has been
“I would reprove thee," so:d a wise Heathen, “if ill-treated by a litigious squire who lives in his parish. I were not angry." And ciall not Christians say as He has accused him, I am told, to your lordship, and much ?
live-what will it signify or avail if Christ's hand be Daily Bread.
not at it, or if he shall subscribe after all their subh scriptions, a plain contradiction to, and a downright
denial of, what they affirm. 0! when shall we once FRIDAY.
look more seriously and concernedly after real reliRejoice in the Lord alway."- Phil. iv. 4. gion and godliness, and be less concerned, and more Rejoice, believer, in the Lord,
holily indifferent, as to the name?-Durham.
TUESDAY. The true comforter in all distress is only God, through his Son Jesus Christ; and whosoever hath “Call upon me in the day of trouble: I will deliver thee."
Ps. l. 15. him, hath company enough, although he were in a wilderness all alone; and he that hath twenty thou
In every trouble, sharp and strong, sand in his company, if God be absent, is in a mise
To God my spirit
My anchor-hold is firm in him, rable wilderness and desolation. In him is all com
When swelling billows rise. fort, and without him is none.--Cranmer,
This is the only effectual path out of sorrow. And
this is effectual to deliver us from every sorrow,the SATURDAY.
deepest and the worst. If we catch at worldly things “ Rejoice with trembling."-Ps. ii. 11.
for help, we shall find them but as straws, that mock Though much exalted in the Lord,
our grasp. If we cling to men around us, they can My strength is not my own;
hold us up but for a moment; nay, perhaps drag us Then let me tremble at his word,
witb themselves into a deeper sorrow. If we depend And none shall cast me down.
upon ourselves, our strength is momently diminishing. There is a fear without diffidence, and a trembling But if we turn to God, in penitence, in faith, with all that may consist with joy. Trembling is an effect of the earnestness of drowning agony, he can, he will, fear; but this fear, which we must affect, is reveren he does, deliver us from the lowest deep. The Lord tial, not slavish, not distrustful. Indeed, when we is a refuge and strength, a very present help in look upon ourselves, and consider our own frailties trouble.-Grifilh. and corruptions, and God's infinite justice, we have too just cause of doubt and dejection, yea, were it
WEDNESDAY. not for better helps, of utter despair ; but, when we cast up our eyes to the power of him that hath un
" Adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things."
Titus ii. 10. dertaken for us, and the faithfulness of him that hath promised, and the sure mercies of him that
O Lord, I would be thine alone hath begun his good work in us, we can fear with
Come take possession of thine own;
For thou hast set me free. confidence, and rejoice in our trembling. For what
Released from Satan's hard command, are our sins to his mercies--our unworthiness to his
my powers waiting stand infinite merits--our weaknesses to his omnipotence ?
To be employed by thee. -Hall.
Consider for your encouragement, that if you
adorn the doctrine of Christ, it will for ever adorn SABBATH.
you; and as you have made it glorious in the world, “ Call the Sabbath a delight."-Isa. Iviii, 13.
it will make you for ever glorious in heaven. This
is the reward which it promiseth. It will put a Thanks to thy name, O Lord, that we One glorious Sabbath more behold;
wreath of beams, a diadem of stars, a crown of glory Our Shepherd, let us meet with thee
upon your heads.
" Then shall the righteous shine Among thy sheep, within thy fold.
forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father."-1, Philip Henry would often say, at the close of his Hopkins., Sabbath devotions-Well: if this be not heaven, it must be the way to it. Yes; it is then Christians
THURSDAY, often feel themselves, like Jacob in his vision, at the “ A better country, that is, an heavenly.”—HEB. xi. 16. gate. They have earnests and foretastes of the glory
Sorrow and pain, and every care, to be revealed. Perhaps they are never so willing
And discord there shall cease; as then to go. Many of them have wished to be
And perfect joy and love sincere, released on this day; and many have been gratified.
Adorn the realms of peace. But if they do not leave on the earthly Sabbath, The heavenly Canaan, Immanuel's land, a country ! they enter on the hcavenly one. For there remaineth better than the best of this world, where nothing a rest to the people of God. Jay.
is wanting to complete the happiness of the inha
bitants-that land enjoys an everlasting day; " for MOXDAY.
there is no night there.' An eternal sunshine benu“ Thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead." tifies this better country; but there is no scorching Rev. iii. 1.
heat there. No clouds shall be seen there for erer; To walk as children of the day.
yet it is not a land of drought. The trees of the Lord's To mark the precept's holy light;
planting are set by the rivers of water, and shall To wage the warfare, watch, and pray,
never want moisture; for they will have an eternal Show who are pleasing in his sight.
supply of the Spirit, by Jesus Christ, from his Father. Not words alone it cost the Lord,
A Stamped Edition, for circulation by Post, will in An empty name of religion is but a poor and piti future be published, price 2d. each Nurnber. ful business. What though men and women have the largest testimonial drawn up, in the most ample Edinburgh: Printed by JouN JOHNSTONB, residing at 2, form, and subscribed by the hands of all the most
Windsor Street, and Published by him at ?, Hunter
Square. London: R, GROOMBRIDGE & Sons. Glasgow: eminent, godly, and discerning ministers, and private J. R. M'NAR & Co.; and to be had of any Bookselle Christians of the city or country side wherein they throughout the Kingdom.
THE CHRISTIAN TREASURY.
THE SPECIAL POWER OF GOD IN CONVERTING SINNERS.
BY THE REV. JAMES BEGG, EDINBURGH.
It is difficult to understand how any one not | to-day I must abide at thy house.” The look blinded by prejudice can read the divine Word and the words are accompanied by almighty without being convinced that, in every instance power. Zaccheus is converted to God; and of a sinner's conversion, there is a special ma the tree into which he climbed becomes, withnifestation of the omnipotent power of the out any previous purpose on the part of man, Spirit of God. The statements made in re the birth-place of an immortal soul. A thief, gard to human depravity imply this. Fallen for his crimes, is nailed to an accursed tree. man is declared not only to be covered with Even on the cross he is still unconverted, and sin as with a leprosy, so that from the crown of he, in the first instance, joins his companion in the head to the sole of the foot there is no railing upon Jesus.-- Matt. xxvii. 44. But spiritual soundness in him; but his understand. God has determined to save him, and to pass ing is said to be darkened—his heart deceitful by his companion. “Lord, remember me,” above all things, and desperately wicked-his cries the awakened man, “when thou comest conscience defiled—liis will bent towards evil, to thy kingdom;" and Jesus says: “ To-day like an iron sinew. He is wise to do evil, shalt thou be with me in paradise.” The cross whilst to do good he has no understanding of shame becomes unexpectedly a ladder into He is without strength-in a sleep-dead even heaven. The conversion of Manasseh (2 Chron. whilst he lives; and as soon may the Ethiopian xxxiii.), of Paul, and of many others, whose hischange his skin, or the leopard his spots, as he, tories are recorded in Scripture, illustrate very being accustomed to do evil, may learn to do clearly this special power of God in converting well. The mighty change which is declared to sinners. And the subsequent history of the take place in conversion, illustrates this still Church of God demonstrates the same sovemore clearly. The understanding is then said reignty of divine grace in calling sinners when, to be enlightened by Him“who commanded and where, and how God pleases-by means, the light to shine out of darkness." A new without means, and sometimes in opposition to heart is given, and a right spirit put within the means—that no flesh may glory in his prebeliever; the hard and stony heart is taken sence, but that he that glorieth may glory in the away, and a heart of flesh is given; the sinner Lord. is born again-created anew in Christ Jesus. The only difficulty in the way of the recepThis is done by the exercise of a power great tion of this doctrine is the unwillingness of as that which God wrought in Christ when he men by nature to submit their understandings raised him from the dead; so that whilst means to the dictates of divine truth. The pride of are used in the conversion of sinners, these carnal reason fills us with a desire fully to exmeans are in themselves as unable to accom plain all the mysteries of the divine procedure; plish the end in view as was the serpent of and yet a very little consideration might be brass to cure the death-wounds of the bitten sufficient to teach us, not only that we are surIsraelites. The Word of God is only the rounded with difficulties in the book of nature, sword of the Spirit. The breath of dying men as well as in that of revelation; but that the in preaching cannot awaken the dead. The only way to avoid difficulties is to repose on treasure is in earthen vessels; but the excel the infinite wisdom of Him who is wonderful in lency and power thereof is of God, and not of counsel and excellent in working, and who giveth
He that planteth is nothing; he that to none an account of his matters. This is the watereth is nothing; but God, that giveth the plan pointed out in Scripture. For example, increase.
men are ready to say: Why preach the Gospel, The special cases of conversion recorded in if sinners have not, either by nature or in conScripture all tend to illustrate this general sequence of an universal agency of the Spirit of principle; and especially those cases, and they God, the power of receiving it? If men are are many, in which God is found of them that spiritually dead, why preach to them ?-can the seek him not. Zaccheus is a chief among the dead hear? Now, it is remarkable that, whatever publicans, and he is rich. There is reason to human wisdom may think of it, this is the very think that some portion of his wealth has been plan of God. The message of the Gospel is : gained by fraud. He is impelled by mere curio “ Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the sity to desire a sight of Jesus; and being little dead, and Christ shall give thee light.”—Eph. v. of stature, he runs on, and climbs a sycamore 14. It is also striking, that Moses, in speaking tree. When Jesus comes to the place, he looks of the children of Israel, who were a stift-necked up, and fixes his eyes on the uvgodly publican. people amidst all the wonders which God did Zaccheus, make haste and come down; for on their behalf, whilst he earnestly condemns No. 7.
April il, 1845.
their guilt, says : “Yet the Lord hath not giren observe what follows. “The Spirit comes from you an heart to perceive, and eyes to see, and the four winds, and breathes upon them, and ears to hear, unto this day.” When Isaiah they live and stand up upon their feet, an ex. speaks of the want of success of his own minis- ceeding great army.”—Ezek. xxxvii. And so try, he not only asks: “Who hath believed our in a day of God's power, his people are made report ?” but, as connected with this, and ex. willing, and the Gospel comes, “not in word planatory of this, he asks : “ To whom is the only, but in power, and with the Holy Ghost, and arm of the Lord rerealed ?" Our blessed Lord, in with much assurance.' Again, Jesus goes into upbraiding the cities wherein most of his mighty the synagogue during the days of his flesh; works were done, and declaring that Caper- and, behold, there is a man there having his naum, exalted to heaven by her privileges, hand withered; and Jesus says unto him : should be thrust down to hell for her neglect “ Stretch forth thine hand.” Now here is the of them, goes on to say:“ I thank thee, O Father, same difficulty; for it might have been asked, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast How could a man stretch forth a withered, powerhid these things from the wise and prudent, and less hand? “Where is the wise now? where is revealed them unto babes. Even so, Father; the scribe?” But the word of Christ is accomfor so it seemed good in thy sight." It would panied with power, and he does stretch forth be well were the “ disputers of this world” his hand, and it is restored whole as the other." prepared to imitate this exalted example, in The same thing may be said of the sick man discussing the deep things of God, instead of whom Jesus commanded to take up his bed adopting the mad and hopeless expedient of and go to his house, and who, by divine power squaring the truth of the divine Word down to accompanying the word, was enabled to do so. the level of their own corrupt and shallow rea And the truth is still more strikingly illustrated
The inspired Apostle Paul follows the in the case of Lazarus. He has been dead example of his Lord in endeavouring to con- four days already; but Jesus stands on the vince the gainsayers of Rome : “ Thou wilt uppermost step of his sepulchre, and cries: say, then, unto me, Why doth he yet find“ Lazarus, come forth.”. Now here is the very fanlt? for who hath resisted his will ? Nay, case. How can a dead man hear such a combut, Oman, who art thou that repliest mand, and obey it? “With man it is impossible; against God? Hath not the potter power but with God all things are possible.". The serover the clay, of the same lump to make one mon of Jesus is accompanied with divine power; vessel unto honour, and another unto disho- the soul of the dead man in the far world of nour ?" - Rom. ix. 19-21. No doubt, the spirits hears the cry-Lazarus comes forth, and
day shall fully declare” the harmony and Jesus says: “ Loose him, and let him go.” And rectitude of all the Almighty's proceedings; here is the comfort of Christ's ministers in but meantime we are called upon to “ be still, preaching the Gospel, that whereas of themand know that he is God,” “ doing according to selves they are no more able to convert sinners his will in the army of heaven and amongst the than to raise the dead, the same omnipotent inhabitants of the earth, none being able to Jesus is still with them, according to his prostay his hand, or to say unto him, What doest mise: “Lo! I am with you alway, even to the end thou ?” It ought to be enough for us as poor of the world.” The power of the Spirit of condemned sinners to know, not only that all Jesus is still present to heal. Therefore the God's ways are perfect, but that Jesus is able weapons of their warfare are mighty, through to save unto the uttermost all that come unto God, to the pulling down of strongholds ; signs God by him—that God has no pleasure in the and wonders are still done in the name of the death of him that dieth-that the Spirit and holy child Jesus; and as many as are ordained the Bride say,“ Come;" that whosoever cometh unto eternal life believe. Christ will in no wise cast out-and that if we On the one hand, therefore, we are to use all are not saved, it will be found at the last to be the means of grace, because God has expressly because we loved darkness rather than the light, appointed them, and promised to make them our deeds being evil.
effectual; but, on the other, we are to use Meantime we see many scriptural illustra- them only in faith and with earnest prayer, tions of the supposed difficulty to which we and not to rest in means; for this great work of have referred. The Prophet Ezekiel is car- saving sinners is entirely of God, and he will ried down "into a valley of dry bones.” He not give his glory to another. It is only when is caused to " pass by them round about; and a stronger than Satan comes, that the prison behold they are very many in the open val. doors are set open, and the lawful captives ley, and very dry." And God says to him, delivered. The Shepherd must himself go
Prophesy upon these bones, and say unto forth, and bring back his lost sheep to the them, O ye dry bones, hear the word of the Lord." fold on his shoulder. God alone still gives “What a vain and unmeaning sermon !" says unto the Gentiles, not only life, but repentance the disputer of this world. " How can dry unto life; and no man can come unto Christ, bones hear, understand, and obey ?” The case except the Father which sent him draw him. is precisely parallel to that of dead sinners ad- Thy people shall be willing in a day of thy dressed in the preaching of the Gospel. But power.
sat at Dublin, the secret object of which was, in the MAYNOOTH COLLEGE.
language of their documents, afterwards published, to
“subvert the tyranny of England, to establish the The history of this College is well known. It was independence of Ireland, and form a free republic ?" founded fifty years ago—in the year 1795—by the It was by this committee that the rebellion of 1798 government of Mr Pitt, for the purpose of securing
was originated, and a treasonable correspondence the better education of persons professing the was also carried on by them with France. Of these Popish or Roman Catholic religion.” Previous to things, however, the British Government was not, that time, it being illegal to endow any college which
at the time, aware; and, as we have stated, believing had for its object the education of Roman Catholics the axlvices of the bishops to be both honest and | alone, the priests had been educated at the various wise, they agreed to sanction the institution of the Popish universities of France and Germany. But College, and voted a grant of £8000 towards its when the French Revolution broke out, it was found establishment. In subsequent years, sums of £7000 that the Infidelity which then rolled over the Con- and £8000 were given to assist in its building and tinent like a flood, penetrated the colleges, and was maintenance; and thereafter the grant became an | seizing possession of the young men then studying annual one; no bill, however, being passed to render
for the priesthood. Popery is no enemy to Infidelity, it perpetual. 1 nay, is perhaps chargeable with three-fourths of the
It does not require much, either in the way of present Infidelity of Christendom; but at such a time
statement or of reasoning, to show that this College it was not convenient-not for the interest of the of Maynooth has altogether and signally failed in Church—that her priests in Protestant countries accomplishing the object which the Legislature had | should be known as imbued with sceptical principles. thus in view in its institution and endowment. These And, accordingly, it was resolved that an effort
were, as we have seen, the “better education” of should be made to get a college established in Ire
the priests, and the securing of their loyalty. As to land, where the students, free, in a great measure,
the “better education,” we may quote the opinion from Continental temptations to scepticism, might be
of one of the most accurate and intelligent of our as well, if not better, trained in Popish policy and
modern travellers (Inglis), in whose “ Tour through doctrine. As without the sanction of the Legisla- Ireland” the following striking passage occurs :ture, such a project was impracticable, the first step taken by the Irish bishops was to present a memorial
- In the journey which I subsequently took, I had on the subject to Government. And with that Jesui- the priest of the olden times and the
priest of May
ample opportunity of forming comparisons between tical craft which is one of the leading characteristics nooth; and, with every disposition to deal fairly by of their system, and indeed its strength, instead of both, I did return to Dublin with a perfect convichonestly stating, as the reason of their anxiety, what | tion of the justice of the opinion which I had heard was the fact that their students were becoming In- expressed. I found the old foreign educated priest, fidels, and that if they remained on the Continent their good general information;
but by no means, in gene
a gentleman; a man of frank, easy deportnient, and Church had no prospect before her but that of being ral, so good a Catholic as his brother of Maynooth: orer-run with a Deistical priesthood; instead of doing he, I found either a coarse, vulgar-minded man, or this, and suiting their plea to the men with whom
a stiff, close, and very conceited man; but in every they had to deal, they urged upon Government the instance Popish to the back-bone-learned, I dare danger of allowing the priests to study on the Con- say, in theology, but profoundly ignorant of all that tinent, lest, imbibing the republican principles which liberalizes the mind-a kot zeuloi in religion, and
fully impressed with, or professing to be impressed were there so rife, they should, on coming to Ireland, with, a sense of his consequence and influence. spread these principles among the people, and thus
“I entertain no doubt, that the disorders which endanger the British connection. This was precisely originate in hatred of Protestantism have been enthe kind of plea which, at the time, was likely to be creased by the Maynooth education of the Catholic nost successful. The King and the Government, priesthood. It is the Maynooth priest who is the warned by what had occurred in France, and afraid agitating priest; and if the foreign educated parish of the progress of republican and revolutionary views, priest chance to be a more liberal-minded man-less
a zealot, and less a hater of Protestantism than is were not slow to avail themselves of any means consistent with the present spirit of Catholicism in l within their reach, by which so threatening an evil Ireland—straightway an assistant, red-hot from Maymight be averted. And as Ireland was the chief nooth, is appointed to the parish; and, in fact, the source of their anxiety-knowing, as they did, that old priest is virtually displaced. 'In no country in masses of her people were disaffected to the British Popery so intensely Anti-Protestant as in Ireland.
Europe—no, not even in Spain—is the spirit of away, and that before then their disaffection had In no country is there more bigotry and superstition broken out into open and formidable rebellion—they among the lower orders, or more blind obedience to fell into the trap laid for them by the Romish bishops, the priesthood; in no country is there so much zeal and, with the view of securing the loyalty of the and intolerance among the ministers of religion. I
do believe, that at this moment Catholic Ireland is priests, and thereby the peace of the country, consented to a bill for the establishment of Maynooth than any other country in Europe.”
more ripe for the re-establishment of the Inquisition College! Will it be believed that, at the very time when the bishops were thus negotiating with Govern And as to the other object of securing the loyalty mezit, and also issuing addresses to the Irish people, of the priests, and making them friends of the British recommending allegiance to England, two of their connection—the agitations which have recently emnumber were active members of a committee which broiled that unhappy country tell emphatically that