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“My heart is sad for thee, love,
For lone thy way will be ;

THE CHURCH-SLEEPER.
And oft thy tears will fall, love,
For thy children and for me.

Some people slept, even with Paul in the pulpit. “ The music of thy daughter's voice

Look at that young man mentioned in the 20th of Thou'lt miss for many a year;

Acts. He is getting drowsy even while the place And the merry shout of thine elder boys

rings with the apostle's startling eloquence. Now he Thou'lt list in vain to hear.

nods. Now he is clean over. But he got a terrible “Where we knelt to see our Henry die,

awakening. And not only so. And heard his last faint moan,

That young man got some notoriety, more than he Each wiped the tear from others eye

could have well dreamed of. Towards a couple of Now each must wecp'alone.

thousand years he has been held up as one that "My tears fall fast for thee, love;

ventured a nap, during preaching, and got a terrible How can I say farewell ? But go : thy God be with thee, love,

waking up to help him remember the wrong of it, Thy heart's deep grief to quell.

and to give others warning of the danger of it. “Yet my spirit clings to thine, love

Yet think ye would not have so far to fall, ye Thy soul remains with me,

sleepers, even should the modern appendages of the And oft we'll hold communion sweet

pew not hinder your toppling over, and, therefore, O'er the dark and distant sea.

there is less danger of dainage in your case. And " And who can paint our mutual joy,

I give in that it is s0; yet be entreated, if not in fear When, all our wanderitigs o'er,

of broken bones, yet be entreated to let past sanctuary We both shall clasp our infants three At home, on Burmah's shore ?

slumbers suffice, by the dishonour thus given the “But higher shall our raptures glow

house of God, by the grief you give the preacher, by On yon celestial plain,

the unloveliness of such an example, by the great When the loved and parted here below

comfort Satan takes in such a use of the tabernacle Meet, ne'er tu part again !

of the Lord. “ Then gird thine armour on, love,

Nor faint thou by the way-
Till the Boodh shall fall, and Burmah's sons

THE UNIVERSALIST.
Shall own Messiah's sway!"

A UNIVERSALIST clergyman was once robbed on the “ And gird thine armour on, love.”—“ And so," road by a man who had formerly lived with as a serays Dr Judson, “I will endeavour to do; and while vant. After his arrest, the preacher asked the man jer prostrat form finds repose on the rock of the how he could be so base as to rob his old employer. cean, and h :r sanctified spirit enjoys sweeter repose

The robber's answer speaks volumes against the soul in the boson of Jesus, let me continue to toil on all destroying heresy: “You yourself tempted me to ay appointed time, till my change too shall come.”

commit this offence against the law; for I have often

heard you say, both in public and private, that all In all the missionary annals, there are few things men will enjoy everlasting bliss after death, and that core affecting than this. Mrs Judson's beautiful there is no such thing as eternal punishment in the nes remind us of Bishop Heber's verses addressed next world,

You this removed my greatest fear, o his wife: “If thou wert by my side, my love;" why should I dread the less ? " ut they are superior in deep natural feeling. How xquisite the references to her husband's anticipated oneliness: The music of thy daughter's voice thou'lt

fragments. riss for many a year;"—and to the death of their oy: Each wiped the tear from others eyenow each

Glories, like glow-worms, afar off shine bright, rust weep alone."

But look'd too near, have neither heat nor light.The New York Evangelist, after giving the above,

Webster. astly remarks :

It was said of one who preached very well and “ These verses make us think of the refinement, lived very ill, that when he was out of the pulpit he exquisite sensibility, the tender affection, the eep and fervent picty, of many a missionary wife

it was pity he should ever go into it, and when he

was in the pulpit it was pity he should ever come mong the Heathen. Some of the most admirable omen ever born have laid down their lives there, And yet I deny not but dissolute men, like unskilfui

out of it." But the faithful minister lives sermons. nd some are still shedding the sweet light and grace f their holy, patient example, where few besides by the virtue of their office, open heaven for others,

horsemen, which open a gate on the wrong side, may, he Saviour" can see and appreciate their labours and shut themselves out. Fuller. jh, great will be their reward in heaven, when, rom every ingredient of bitterness and trial in their

He that cannot forgive others, breaks the bridge arthly pilgrimage, there shall spring a harvest of over which he must pass himself; for every man bad ternal blessedness and glory! There will be no need to be forgiven.-Herbert. earer, sweeter remembrances in heaven, than those f the painful, earthly trials of their self-denying prives itself of the true end of getting—it loses the

Covetousness, by a greediness of getting more, de iesert path for Christ.

“ Dr Judson is an old Christian soldier, but he enjoyment of what it has got.-Sprat. lever heard a more animating and sustaining word Whatever parent gives his children good instruc midst his conflicts than the parting song of his wife. tion, and sets them at the same time a bad example, t will ring in his ears till he die, and then again he may be considered as bringing them food in one hand vill hear her angel voice in heaven.”

and poison in the other.Balguy.

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TUESDAY.
Daily Bread.

“This is indeed the Christ, the Saviour of the world."

John iv. 42.

Jesus, the Sinner's Friend, to thee,
FRIDAY.

Lost and undone, for aid I flee,
“ Redeem the time."--Erh. v. 19.

Weary of earth, myself, and sin;
Infinite joy or endless woe

Open thine arms, and take me in!
Attends on every breath;
And yet how unconcern'd we go

I remember the time when, if I could have gone to
Upon the brink of death!

heaven by my education, civility, forms of prayer of The time that is now idled and talked away—the mine own making or by my father's copy, I wou: time that is now feasted and complimented away, there was salvation in no other, and sailing by th:

not have made use of Christ; but at last I found that that is unnecessarily sportod and slept away, that is

gates of hell in my apprehension, I also found tha: wickedly and presumptuously sinned away-how precious will it one day seem to all! How happy a

no voice but the voice of Christ would still the voice

of desperation. There is no paradise without this bargain would they think they had made, if at the dearest rates they could redeem it?

tree-nolight without this sun—no God, no glory, no

The profanest mariner falls a-praying when he fears his time is at heaven, no happiness, without this Christ, in this

world.-Mayhew. an end. What a liturgy would death teach the trilling time-despising gallants, the idle, busy, dream

WEDNESDAY. ing, active, ambitious, covetous lovers of this world, if time could be entreated to return !- Baxter.

If we suffer, we shall also reign with him."- Tru. ii. 19

Thrice blessed, bliss-inspiring hope !

It lifts the fainting spirits up-
SATURDAY.

It brings to life the dead. “The heart is deceitful above all things."-JER. xvii. 9.

Our conflicts here shall soon be past,
· Far worse than all my foes I find

And you and I ascend at last
The enemy within-

Triumphant with our Head.
The evil heart-the carnal mind-

Will I venture nothing, suffer nothing, for the
Mine own insidious sin.

“crown of glory that fadeth not away?” My dog will You rend of the deceitfulness of the tongue, and follow my horse's heels from morning to night, take!, of the deceitfulness of riches, and of the deceitful many a weary step through mire and dirt, rather than ness of beauty, and of the deceitfulness of friends; leave me, though at night all he gets by it is but bobes but yet the heart is deceitful above them all. Nay, and blows. If my soul had any true greatness, any you read of the deceitfulness of Satan, yet truly a sparks of generosity in it, how would it despise the man's heart a greater deceiver than he; for he sufferings of the way, for the glory of the end! Hox could never deceive a man, if his own heart did not would it break down all difficulties before it, whilst, deceive him. How common is it for men to boast of by an eye of faith, it sees “the Forerun er, who is the goodness of their hearts ! “I thank God, though already entered," standing, as it were, upo tle walls I do not make such a show and pretence as some do, of heaven, with the crown in his hand, sa ing: " He yet I have as good a heart as the best.” O do but that overcometh shall inherit all things.” Come on, hear Solomon in this case : “He that trusteth in his then, my soul, come on.-Flaod. own heart is a fool." Will any wise man commit his money to the cut-purse? Will he trust a cheat?

THURSDAY. Mead.

“They rest from their labours,–Rev. xiv. 13. SABBATH. " They shall look on Him whom they have pierced, and shall

Who trusting in their Lord depart,

Cleansed from all sin, and pure in heart,
mourn."-ZECH, xii. 10.

The bliss unmix'd, the glorious prize,
Jesus, seek thy wandering sheep;

They find with Christ in paradise.
Make me restless to return;
Bid me look on thee, and weep-

The time is coming when thy heart shall be as thou
Bitterly as Peter mourn.

wouldst have it; when thou shalt be discharged oí O shall Christians be more sparing of their tears these cares, fears, and sorrows, and never cry out, for Christ, than Christ was of his blood for them?

Oh! my hard, my proud, my vain, my earthly heart, We cry out against the Jews and Romans as hard any more; when all darkness shall be banished from hearted men for piercing Christ, and being uncon

thine understanding, and thou shalt clearly discover cerned at his sufferings; but what softer are our

all truths in God, that crystal ocean of truth; when hearts, if we can see how our sins put him to death, all vanity shall be purged perfectly out of the and not be grieved nor weep? Lord, send thy Spirit thoughts, and they be everlastingly, ravishingly, and to touch my heart, and then it will melt into a stream delightfully entertained and exercised upon that suof tears for sin, that cursed thing that butchered the preme goodness and infinite excellency of God, froin Lamb of God. Willison.

whom they shall never start any more like a broken bow. And as for thy pride, passion, earthlines, and

all other the matters of thy complaint and trouble, it MONDAY.

shall be said of them as of the Egyptians to Israci: " It is better to go to the house of mourning than to the “Stand still, and see the salvation of God." Thes house of mirth."-ECCLES. vii. 2.

corruptions thou seest to-day, henceforth thou shali When anxious cares would break my rest,

see them no more for ever: when thou shalt lav And griefs would tear my throbbing breast,

down thy weapons

of Thy tuneful praises, raised on high,

prayers, tears, and groans, and Shall check the murmur and the sigh.

put on the armour of light, not to fight but triumph

in,- Ibid. Go often to the house of mourning, and be not unseasonably or immoderately in the house of mirth. When you observe what is the end of all men, “ the Edinburgh: Printed by John JOHNSTONE, residing at 19. heart will be made better by it." But excess of Windsor Street, and Published by him at 2, Hunter carnal mirth doth infatuate men, and destroy their Square. London: R. GROOMBRIDGE & Sons, wisdom, seriousness, and sobriety. Remember that gow: J. R. M'NAIR & Co.; and to be had of any Douk. time is posting on whether you work or play.–Baxter. seller throughout the Kingdom.

1

THE CHRISTIAN TREASURY.

589

FIRST LINES AND LAST TOUCHES.

BY GEORGE REDFORD, D.D., WORCESTER. An artist admitted an intimate friend into his , love of God. There are but few indeed that siulio just as he had prepared his canvass for an can say they have improved their opportunities historical painting. His friend stood by in of mental and moral culture to the extent of silence, but not void of thought, while the out their ability. Many, in looking back, are reiine was roughly sketched in chalk. He ob- minded with shame and pain of invaluable opserved the conception of the artist's mind portunities and facilities they once enjoyed, zradually developing itself, and imperfectly and can never recover. It is well if such reannouncing the order of the objects—the posi- flections induce them to prize their still remaincion and prominence which one alone was to ing privileges. It is not yet too late to gain assume. He was permitted to watch the pro- improvement, and it will be a hopeful symptom gress of this interesting work from day to day, to desire it. Even to look up to something from month to month—the additions and im- higher and better than they have yet attained, provements, the lights and the shades which will stimulate the mind, and call forth its asirt and taste suggested, till at length he saw pirations. Let them, for instance, imagine the he“ last touches” given to it; and then it stood different thoughts and feelings with which a before him a finished painting, the visible em- rustic, utterly ignorant of astronomy, would gaze vodiment of the “idea” the artist had first upon the starry firmament, and those which formed in the mysterious workshop of his own would fill the mind of such a man as Sir Isaac imagination. Here he saw, by analogy, no Newton or Sir John Herschell. Yet let them napt illustration, in the contrast between the not overlook the fact, that even that rustic, rough outline and the finished painting, of the under proper culture, might have been the rival lifference between the human mind in its cul- of those great philosophers. Or let them trace ivated and uncultivated state. If the one, he backward the progress of the astronomer, and thought, is interesting, the other is incompara- contemplate the mind of Newton when he acbly more so; for the work of the most gifted quired the first lines of science—when he was artist is but a representation, a mere shadow, a child handling his hornbook, and learning the composed of colours skilfully combined-of power of letters and figures—and then contrast light and shade artfully contrasted. The mind with that state the same mind, when, by years is a living immortal reality. The painting is but of studious application, it had reached the subacreation of human art—an ingenious formation; limest regions of science, and possessed itself but the mind is its creator: and the progress of of nearly all the treasures of human knowledge. the mind, from its first untutored state to the In the former case we look upon the little prelast embellishments it may receive, should, to cious embryo, just deposited in the ground, and say the least, be as diligently and anxiously beginning to germinate, and in the latter we prosecuted as the perfection of any work of art behold the same seed grown into a beautiful by which genius aspires at renown; for does it plant, or majestic wide-spreading tree. The not involve a far higher and more momentous contrast, indeed, is vast; but the progress was issue?

slow and gradual. It took place not by large Every view, therefore, that can be taken of accessions, sudden strides, or fitful efforts, but this intellectual contrast, whether it relates to was gradual, like the rising light, which inthe development of mental power, the culti-creases more and more to the perfect day. vation of the moral feelings and sentiments, or Every one should be aware that it is by the cor.formity of the entire man to the will of gradual improvement the mind develops its his Creator, is deeply interesting and instruc-powers and increases its treasures. Those in tive. One thought that makes it so is, that we the humblest stations should be taught the imwho make the comparison, or contemplate it portant fact, that their minds are as susceptible when it is presented to us, ought ourselves to of improvement as others. The path of adbecome specimens of this gradual and happy vancement is closed to none, and the way of progress of mental and moral improvement. virtue and piety is especially open to them. Every one is liable to become the subject of Why should any doubt or despair? They may such'a comparison; and he must himself some- not reach the highest pinnacles, bat they may times make it to his own joy or grief, accord aspire to something far higher and better than ing as he feels conscious that he has sought or they have yet attained. Let the desire be fosneglected the cultivation of his mind. But this tered, let the purpose be formed, and let the consciousness will become increasingly sensi- work be commenced. Time will show, when tive on all that relates to his moral state-his they pause to make the comparison, that propreparation for immortality, and the opportuni- gress has been made. Every step upwards ties he has enjoyed of correcting his sins and widens the prospect, and brings us nearer the errors, and advancing in the knowledge and summit. Mark the rough stone just hewed in No. 50.

February 6, 1846.

man,

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the quarry; but placed under the hand of the sees and apprehends nothing beyond a few statuary, it is daily advancing to the image of a sparkling objects, which awaken no thoughtful

Had it remained in the quarry, it had adnriration, excite no grateful adoration, and, never been transformed into that beautiful most probably, afford not half so much pleasure image. Yet the change is the result of assi as would an exhibition of fire-works; while the duous labour and repeated strokes. The chisel other sees in these very same objects matter bas been plied day by day, week after week, for endless admiration, deep thought, and ferand now the last touches have given it the per- vent adoration of that great and glorious Bein fect figure of a man. The material was merely who created and supports the whole. The ignosuseeptible of the form; the powers that pro- rant and irreligious man may read the same duced it were genius, taste, perseverance, and Book of God as the devout and experience such like. These powers themselves belong to believer; but how different are the sentiments mind; and in their progress, from their first to awakened in their different minds! Ask the their highest state, present an analogy to the converted man who, in his unconverted state, hi! wonderful and beautiful works they create. opportunities of reading the Bible, and did read

If it is so in the development of the intellec-it, with what sentiments and feelings he reads tual powers, it is obvious that it cannot be it now? He will tell you that since his eyes different in reference to our moral and spiritual were opened, and his mind initiated into ihe capabilities. Here the rough materials are to truth and love of God by the teaching of his undergo a change as striking as any already Spirit, the Bible has become to him what the noticed, and transcendently more important. starry firinament is to the philosopher-full of In this work a Divine Agent takes a share, and wisdom and benevolence. It is as if he bal comes, both directly and by appointed instru- received a new sense. Old things have passeri mentality, to effect a new creation. The soul, away, and all things are become new. in its affection, desires, pleasures and pains, These pages will probably meet the eye of no hopes and fears, is to be progressively wrought one who has not personally experienced some into a meetness for a perfect state. The jewel part of the process. Some mental culture is is buried, and must be dug out; it is incrusted, enjoyed by all our readers. But our object is and must be cleansed; it is rough, and must be to direct attention to the most essential to polished. What a contrast is presented between that moral and spiritual advancement which the first lines of truth impressed upon the con admits of no substitute in natural knowledge science, and the last acquisitions of devout and or intellectual improvement. These may exist holy avectica, as the same spirit plumes its where the first lines of moral excellenée are wings for its departure to .the regions of the not laid down. And where such is the case, blessed! Once it was like the shapeless clay how distant must be that perfection in holilying in the field, or the unhewn timber grow- ness, without which no man shall see the ing wild and luxuriant in the forest, or the Lord ! metal that was mixed with stone and rubbish, But it may be the reader is conscious that but which skilful labour has wrought into a the work of moral renovation is not merely splendid edifice, imposing to the sight, commo- commenced, but advanced some stages, and dious for habitation, and fit to be the residence still going on. Let such be excited to reof royalty.

doubled ardour, and to more fervent prayer, Here it will be evident, that though some that he who has begun the good work may still thing depends upon the nature of the materials, carry it forward to the day of Jesus Christ. yet more depends upon the process to which Ardent, zealous, devoted Christians, on you the they are subjected, and the agent that under- Divine Artist is tracing his own moral lineatakes the work. The mind, without education, ments. Watch over them. Take heed tha: is a field without culture. It is not simply un- nothing interpose to blur or obliterate them; productive : it will be overgrown with noxious for he designs them for immortality, and his weeds. Ignorance has a positive effect. It is eternal glory depends upon their perfection and not simply a negation of knowledge : it is es- perpetuity. sentially the substitution of error for truth. If this remark is true in reference to the general culture of the mind, and all the subjects of THE POPE-CEREMONIES AT ROME. natural knowledge, it is most strictly and emphatically true in reference to the highest and

BY THE REY, W. K. TWEEDIE, EDINBURGH. most important kind of cultivation. The contrast between an ignorant and a learned man It was lately our lot to see the Pope going in proces. is not greater, more striking, or on the one sion from his palace on the Quirinal Hill to the Vatiside more lamentable, and on the other more can, and the slowness of the pageant afforded his loving pleasing, than the difference between a man subjects, and us his hereditary enemies, an opportuignorant of true religion, and one well instructed nity of studying his outer man at least. The Pope': and experienced in the same subject. The one outward bearing is that of a monk lifted from . looks on the Word of God just as a rustic does cloister to a palace, and not quite at ease in his new upon the sky in a clear moonlight night. He position; and certainly Bonaparte's witticism, applied

THE POPE-CEREMONIES AT ROME.

591

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to his brother, is equally applicable to Gregory XVI. a system which spreads with worse than upas influIf royalty be written on the forehead of monarchs, ence over the souls and consciences of millions. The he might travel the world incognito. Yet, what is interests of the Papaey are managed, and its crueldefective in dignity is made up by benevolence; and ties inflicted, by ten thousand agents scattered over the vivas of the thousands of his subjects who knelt the world—the head of the system may be an old

before him, were but the proper responses to an affa man in his dotage, or a sensualist, dead to everyĮ bility so great as Gregory's. He received with all thing but pleasure.

possible patience the petitions which were showered The day of All Saints is one of the gala days of into his carriage by the poor and the miserable; and Rome, when cardinal, prelate, priest, and friar swell seemed, at least, tu read some of them. His blessings the levee of the Pope; and it is on occasions like this Here lavishly conferred in answer to the yells of that one sees most conspicuously the falsehood of

Santo Padre, vostra benedizione !” uttered by all Popery. No argument impresses us so strongly as i classes on their bended knees.

an argument addressed to the eye; and here we have Arrived at St Peter's, with his suite of cardinals, the most signal refutation of that system of errors, his body-guard of Roman princes and nobles, and his called religion. In gazing on the gorgeousness and thousands of a mob, the Pope proceeded to his reli- splendour of these men, all of whom, from the sovegious duties in that edifice, which is certainly one reign to the page, rank among ministers of religion, of the noblest ever reared by men for worship. we cannot escape from the conviction, either that He was dressed in a petticoat of cambric or muslin, that is not Christianity, or that Christianity is an reaching down to the ancle, and richly worked; over imposture. Surely no hardihood but a Papist's would his shoulders hung a tunic or capot of purple silk, aver that the Saviour of the lost-he who was born, tastefully, rather than richly, embroidered. His lived, and died in poverty, and was so obscure that Lazad was bare, except the zuchetto which covered historians just knew of his death-sanetioned or orthe tonsure of his monkhood. Little ceremony at

dained such pageants. Such order upon order; such tended his descent from the carriage, and numbers empurpled pomp; such aspirant priestcraft; such Towded around him, unmolested by his guards, to see bustling of earthly dignities, mingled with the proshim, and receive his blessing. He entered the church tituted rites of religion; such ceremonies upon cereunder the guidance of a motley escort of churchmen monies; such cringing obsequiousness on the one hand; and cavalry—a strange medley of what should have such lordly dignity on the other;-can be no part of been peaceful, but what was warlike, and proceeded that system which makes humility the clothing of a to the Chapel of the Virgin, where his cowl was laid Christian. Independent of its principles, one sees, azide, and he seemed to be engaged in prayer to the in such things, that Popery, is Antichristian. It is Virgin Mary. This ceremony lasted for about ten the mere foppery of religion; and all this trooping of minutes, when another saint received another, but a princely priests proclaims, as plainly as a revelation shorter act of devotion, from a fellow-creature, the from heaven could do, that these men have no connan called infallible. Gregory next proceeded to nection with the Saviour, except that they continue sias the toe of St Peter, which he did with less to uphold what he came to destroy--the lust of the ardour, but as much devotion, as most of his subjects; flesh, the lust of the eye, and the pride of life. and to show his devotedness to this prince of the Popery as seen at Rome, is the very antagonist of apostles, he orthodoxly placed his uncovered head religion as seen in the Bible; and while such a thing beneath the statue's foot. The scene finished by is obtruded upon man as Christianity, one need not #10ther prayer before the high altar, by the shrine wonder that Infid abounds; one may rather of St Peter; and however much we may reprobate wonder that one believer should be found in a land the object of such impious doings, we cannot but 80 overrun and overlaid by superstition and the spirit admit that Gregory acted his part so as to entitle the of this world. The ceremonics of Romanism refute scene in St Peter's Church to the praise of a well- it, even to an enemy's wish. managed one. It was, of course, impossible for him, But the worship of Rome is equally Antichristian. amid the din and the parade of his followers, to com In fact, the man that knows Christianity best will mand his mind into devotion, even though he had deny to the Papist, who adheres to all the dogmas of been addressing God in Christ, and not a fellow- his creed, the very name of Christian. At Rome, in creature. But the mimicry of devotion was there; particular, the Pope, and all the people, from the and men who can substitute the religion of sense for cardinal chamberlain downwards, glory in the worthe religion of spirituality, seek nothing but the ex ship of the Virgin Mary; and their religion is not terior.

that of the New Testament, but a new and perfectly When the Pope re-entered his carriage, one of the different creed, which may be named Virgin-Maryism, crowd, who stood by the door, uttered familiarly and but certainly is not the religion of Jesus. The bluntly the usual prayer for his blessing. Gregory Roman time is divided by the hours at which the laughed good humouredly, and gave it, while the Virgin is worshipped. The day begins with the avecrowd joined in something which began in a laugh Maria. It regulates all assignations and engagements. and ended in a cheer. The whole ceremonies of the Her image, and its attendant lustres, often kept conday led to this .conviction, that the old man of the stantly burning, glare at the corner of nearly every Vatican is, in himself considered, a harmless and street. The most splendid churches in Rome are an inbecile being. He resembles an old wife in more dedicated to her. As if painting were not enough, respects than his petticoat, and is of importance poetry is called into her service; and we sometimes only inasmuch as he serves for the nominal head of' find, below these images, this invitation to passers-by

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