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O for a voice like thunder, when it peals across the An aged man beside him stood, of aspect grare and deep,
mild; To startle those that idly dream, and waken those He heard that burst of fervid zeal, and placidly be that sleep!
smiled; "O for a pen that I might dip in liquid fire, and Long years had made him feel the truths he from the i
Word had learned, write The name of Jesus o'er the skies in characters of And calmly thus he uttered them, as to the youth be
turned :light, That every soul that name might know, and every “The ways of God are not like man's—his thoughts eye might see,
are not like ours; And all of every tribe and tongue might bow to it His kingdom comes not by the might that dwells in the knee !
creature powers. “O for an angel's fearless wing, to speed from clime Not all man's boasted wisdom, nor excellence of
speech, to climeTo warn and waken all who dwell within the coasts Nor trump nor harp of angel to the corrupt heart can
reach. of timeTo spread before their view the things belonging to
“ 'Tis not the sweeping whirlwind, when it rends the their peace,
rugged rock; And bid them think upon these things ere this their 'Tis not the heaving earthquake, when the mountains day shall cease!
feel its shock; “O for one hour of Moses' rod! 0 for Ithuriel's 'Tis not the fire wide wasting that his glory can re
veal;spear, To touch the toads that whispering squat at many a Tis with a still small voice He bids the soul his pre
sence feel. simple ear_* And show them in their proper shape before their
“While yet on earth, our Captain said: “I need but victims' eyes,
breathe a prayer, And strip from off the ravening wolf the lamb's
And legions of bright angels would to my beck rá affected guise !
pair.' “O for a rein, the whirlwind's blast in all its strength The hosts of heaven obey Him still, yet thus hath He to guide,
decreedWith power to share its wild career, and on its wings •The reapers are the angels, but man must sow the to ride,
seed. That with it I might rush and roam o'er all the dark
“Go, then, and, in the strength of God, pursue with domains, Where yet an undisputed sway the strong man
The labours of the vineyard in the spot to thee as armed maintains;
signed. " That I might crush and sweep from earth his Weak though thou art, yet faint not, for not by palaces and towers,
power nor might, His prisons and his feasting balls, and soft luxurious But by my Spirit, saith the Lord,' shall earth be filled bowers;
with light.” His haunts obscene of brutish lust, his dungeons dark and drear,
HOW TO SECURE THE HAPPINESS OF And all with which he rules the world by blandishment or fear!
There are some things which have an indispensıbl. “O fora seraph's harp and voice, of Jesus' love to influence in producing and maintaining the welfare sing,
of families, which fall more properly under our cul With melody so loud and sweet that heaven and tivation. Order, good temper, good sense, religious earth might ring,
principles—these will bless thy dwelling, and fi Till discord hushed its grating din, and harsh polemic thy“ tabernacle with
the voice of rejoicing."
1. Without order you can never rule well your sounds
“God is not the God of confusion“ Gave place to strains of harmony through all the He loves order-order pervades all his works. He Church's bounds!”
overlooks nothing. “He calleth the stars by their
names "_" He numbereth the hairs of our head 'Twas from a young enthusiast's lips such aspirations
“He appointeth the moon for seasons; and the que broke,
knoweth his going down." There is no discord, to When first from nature's sleep of death to conscious clashing, in all the immense, the amazing whole! life he woke;
He has interposed his authority, and enjoined us **** While, as he viewed this earthly scene from Contem
do everything decently and in order.” And this
command is founded in a regard to our advantage plation's height,
It calls upon you to lay down rules, and to walk ba The dark, mysterious maze of life seemed spread be them; to assign everything its proper place-its fore his sight.
allowance of time-its degree of importance: to oh * See Paradise Lost, book iv.
serve regularity in your meals—in your devotions
HOW TO SECURE THE HAPPINESS OF FAMILIES.
your expenses. From order spring frugality, econo to pass by-when to be immovable and when to my, charity. From order result beauty, harmony, yield. Good sense will produce good manners...will concurrence. Without order there can be no govern- keep us from taking freedoms and handling things: ment, no happiness. Peace flies from confusion. roughly; for love is delicate, and confidence is tender. Disorder entangles all our affairs, hides from us the Good sense will never agitate claims of superiority; end, and keeps from us the clue; we lose self-pos- it will teach us to “ submit ourselves one to another, session, and become miserable, because perplexed, in the fear of God." Good sense will lead persons hurried, oppressed, easily provoked.
to regard their own duties, rather than to recommend II. Many things will arise to try your temper; those of others. and he is unqualified for social life who has no rule IV. We must go beyond all this, and remind over his own spirit-"who cannot bear,” to use the you of those religious principles by which you are to words of a good writer, “the frailties of his fellow- be governed. These are to be found in the Word of creatures with common charity, and the vexations of God; and as many as walk according to this rule, life with common patience." Peter, addressing mercy and peace shall be upon them. God has enwives, reminds them that the ornament of a meek gaged that, if you will walk in his way, you shall find and quiet spirit is in the sight of God of great price." rest unto your souls. If it be said there are happy And Solomon often mentions the opposite blemish in families without religion, I would answer, First, illustrating the female character: " It is better to There is a difference between appearances and reality. dwell in the corner of the house-top, than with a Secondly, If we believe the Scripture, this is imposbrawling woman in a wide house”_" The contentions sible : "The way of transgressors is hard"_“There is of a wife are a continual dropping”-and so on. We no peace, saith my God, unto the wicked.” Thirdly, should deem it invidious to exemplify this imperfec- Religion secures those duties upon the performance tion in one sex only—we would address you equally; of which the happiness of households depends. and call upon you, as you value a peaceful abode, to Would any man have reason to complain of servants, maintain a control over your tempers. Beware of of children, or of any other relation, if they were all passion, say little when under irritation : turn aside influenced by the spirit, and regulated by the dictates, --take time to reflect and to coola word spoken of the Gospel ? Much of religion lies in the discharge unadvisedly with your lips may produce a wound of these relative duties; and to enforce these, religion which weeks cannot heal.“I would reprove thee," brings forward motives the most powerful, and always said the philosopher, " were I not angry.” It is a binding, and calls in conscience and God, and heanoble suggestion. Apply it in your reprehension of ven and hell. Fourthly, Religion attracts the divine servants and correction of children. But there is blessing, and all we possess or enjoy depends upon something against which you should be more upon its smiles. God can elevate or sink us in the esteem your guard than occasional sallies of passion-I mean of others—he can send us business or withhold it-he habitual pettishness. The former may be compared can command or forbid thieves to rob and flames to to a brisk shower, which is soon over; the latter, to a devour us—he can render all we have satisfying or sleet or drizzling rain, driving all the day long. The distasteful; and they that honour him he will honour, mischief which is such a disturber of social enjoy- “ The house of the wicked shall be overthrown, but ment is not the anger which is lengthened into the tabernacle of the upright shall flourish. The malice or vented in revenge, but that which oozes curse of the Lord is in the house of the wicked, but out in constant fretfulness, murmuring, and com he blesseth the habitation of the just.” Finally, plaint; it is that which renders a man not formid- Religion prepares us for all events. If we succeed, able, but troublesome; it is that which converts him, it keeps our prosperity from destroying us.
If we not into a tiger, but into a gnat. Good humour is suffer, it preserves us from fainting in the day of adthe cardial, the balm of life. The possessor of it versity. It turns our losses into gains; it exalts our spreads satisfaction wherever he comes, and he par- joys into praises; it makes prayers of our sighs; and, takes of the pleasure he gives. Easy in himself, he in all the uncertainties of time and changes of the is seldom, offended with those around him. Calm world, it sheds on the mind a “ peace which passeth all and placid within, everything without wears the understanding." It unites us to each other, not only most favourable appearance; while the mind, agitated as creatures, but as Christians-not only as strangers by peevishness or passion, like a ruffled pool, re and pilgrims upon earth, but as heirs of glory, honour, flects every agreeable and lovely image false and and immortality. For you must separate—it is usedistorted.
less to keep back the mortifying truth. It was the III, The influence and advantage of good sense condition upon which your union was formed. O are incalculable. What streams, what vessels, are man! it was a mortal finger upon which you placed the noisy ? -The shallow, the empty. Who are the the ring-vain emblem of perpetuity. Owoman! it unyielding ?-The ignorant, who mistake obstinacy was a dying hand that imposed it. After so many for firmness. Who are the infallible ?-They who mutual and growing attachments, to separate !have not reflection enough to see how liable and how What is to be done here? O Religion, Religion ! likely we are to err-they who cannot comprehend come, and relieve us in a case where every other how much it adds to a man's wisdom to discover, and assistance fails. Come, and teach us not to wrap up to his humility to acknowledge, a fault. Good sense our chjef happiness in the creature. Come, and bend will preserve us from censoriousness—will lead us to our wills to the pleasure of the Almighty, and enable distinguish circumstances to draw things from the us to say: “ It is the Lord ! let him do what seemeth dark situation of prejudice which rendered them him good; the Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken frightful, that we may candidly survey them in open away, and blessed be the name of the Lord.” Come, day. Good sense will keep us from looking after and tell us that they are disposed of infinitely to their visionary perfection : “ The infirmities I behold are advantage; that the separation is temporary; that a not peculiar to my connections; others, if equally time of re-union will come; that we shall see their near, would betray the same; universal excellence is faces, and hear their voices again. apattainable--no one can please in everything. And Take two Christians, who have been walking to who am I, to demand a freedom from imperfections gether, like “ Zacharias and Elizabeth, in all the in others, while I am encompassed with infirmities commandments and ordinances of the Lord blaniemyself?" Good sense will lead us to study disposi- less.” Is the connection dissolved by death? No. tions, peculiarities, accommodations--to weigh con We take the Bible along with us, and inscribe on sequences-to determine what to observe and what their tomb: " Pleasant in life, and in death not
divided.” Is the one removed before the other? He leather, like the men. When they go abroad, they becomes an attraction to the other; he draws him wear over the shoulders a large cape of blue or forward, and is waiting to “receive him into ever
scarlet cloth. Many of the women, as well as the lasting habitations.” Let us suppose a pious family men, are to be seen with the páo or bordào. This re-uniting together, after following each other successively down to the grave. How unlike every pre-description of the dress of the men and women ap sent meeting ! Here our intercourse is chilled with plies only to the country people. In the city of the certainty of separation; there we shall meet to Funchal there is every possible variety of quantity part no more—we shall be for ever with each other, and quality, from total or almost total nakedness, and for ever with the Lord. Now affliction often ragged trowsers, and old cotton gowns, to the gayesi enters our circle, and the distress of one is the concern of all; then we shall “ rejoice with them that silks and superfine broad cloths. rejoice," but not "weep with them that weep;" for The people generally are a quiet, orderly race. "all tears shall be wiped from our eyes, and the days They are kept in great ignorance, and in a state of of our mourning shall be ended."-Jay.
abject submission to the higher orders. But they
seem to possess the elements of a fine people. They' NOTES ON MADEIRA.
manifest a great wish for instruction; and, were they
well educated and well governed, their beautiful island' BY THE REY, JAMES JULIUS WOOD.
would present a very different appearance, and they
themselves might be among the happiest peasantry CONCLUDING PAPER.
in the world. Some thousands of the peasantry of With regard to the personal appearance of the Ma- | Madeira lately emigrated to Demerara, with the deirenses, the men are, many of them, stout, good-view of supplying the demand for field labour in that looking, active fellows, of dark complexions, and in colony. I believe they have suffered severely from some instances very swarthy. To a stranger, a strik- disease; owing, probably, to their own conduct ar ing part of their dress is the little blue cloth cap, carelessness. They have not made good field labourlined with red, called a carapuça, with a long tailers, and have generally become keepers of small or handle sticking up from the centre of it. How shops, or chapmen vending small wares througboat they contrive to make it adhere to the head one can the country. A considerable number still annually not imagine. Their dress is a shirt of coarse white leave Madeira to join their countrymen in Demerara; linen, and a pair of white linen drawers, very wide, and last autumn some hundreds, with their families. and buttoned tight immediately below the knee. proceeded to the Island of St Vincent, under an They wear boots of whitish half-tanned bullock's skin, engagement to a planter there. These emigrants without stockings, which reach about midway up the cannot but better their situation by the change; for leg, leaving the dark brawny limb bare for a con- | nothing can be more wretched thau the condition of siderable space between the boot and the drawers. the greater part of the cultivators of the soil in MaThis is their usual entire dress. Sometimes they deira, owing to the very depressed state of the win: carry a blue cloth jacket thrown loose over their trade. shoulders, to be used or not as occasion may require. The higher ranks have a great dread of the instruc They are never without a large stick-a páo-to help tion of the common people, from the very absur? them in ascending and descending the hills; they notion that it would make them more difficult to be also use it very freely in their quarrels, which are of governed, and, as occasionally appears, from an ap frequent occurrence, especially at the festas, which prehension of their becoming as wise and learned as seem to be regarded as favourite times for settling old themselves--certainly no very great or difficult attaingrudges. Those who live high among the mountains ment. They are also particularly opposed to the hum.use a long pole shod with iron—a bordào—just like bler classes being taught the doctrine of justificaties the Alp-poles used by travellers among the Swiss by faith-a free, full pardon of all sin through faith is mountains. The women, as in most warm countries, Jesus Christ, without deeds of the law. They express soon appear old. Their common head-dress is a their great horror at such a doctrine, as tending cer. handkerchief, white, or any other colour, as it may tainly to lead the poor people who embrace it to inbe, folded in the form of a triangle, laid over the dulge freely in every kind of sin; not knowing that head, tied loosely beneath the chin, and left open the Word of God, by the pen of Paul, expressly meet: behind. Many of the women wear, in addition, the their objection: “Do we, then, by faith make raid carapuça. The upper part of their dress consists of the law? God forbid: yea, we establish the law." bodice laced in front, and buttoned at the neck like What strikes one is the form in which the objection a man's shirt. If the wearer is a person of some is put; it always refers to others to the poor and little consequence, the bodice is embroidered or ignorant—as if the educated and wealthy were suf trimmed with lace. The upper part of the arm is ciently protected from the evil influence of such a covered only a little way below the shoulder, with dangerous and licentious doctrine as that of justitia the sleeve of the shift fitted tight to the skin, the tion by faith! rest of the arm being left bare. They are very fond Recruiting for the army is carried on in the crue of trinkets, and, as the best mode of preserving any and oppressive spirit of our own press-gang system little money which they have got, they convert it with this additional evil, that the poor worn-out per into gold chains, gold or silver buttons, &c. The tuguese soldier, however long and faithfully he ha skirt of their dress is of linsey-woolsey, manufac- served, has no pension to support him in his old age, tured by the country people themselves. They have when discharged and unfit for labour. The trouble no stockings, but use the white boots of half-tanned some characters, and those who have incurred to
ill-will of the priests or other influential persons, are side of the island. The culture of the grape has of laid hold of by the authorities, and are compelled to late been paying the landowner and the farmer so ill shoulder a musket; and any number that may still that probably the quantity of wine produced will be wanting is made up by ballot. This has been fall off. made an instrument of oppression towards those who The sugar cane and the coffee plant grow very have shown any love for Gospel truth; the Bible well in Madeira. Formerly the sugar-cane was culChristians are threatened with being made soldiers- | tivated in considerable quantities, but the vine disa dreadful thing to any one who has been enlightened placed it. There are at present one or two sugar to know the truth, from the part which the military mills on the island; but the making of sugar is are called upon to take in the idolatrous services of scarcely, if at all attempted, the juice of the cane the Popish Church.
being employed for a variety of other purposes. It The drilling of the poor recruits is one of the is probable that the cultivation of coffee will conmost ludicrous exhibitions we ever witnessed. They siderably increase; it might certainly become an imhave no uniform, but are dressed in every possible portant article of exportation : the trees bear well, variety of habiliment which poverty can produce. and the quality of the coffee is excellent. An attempt One may have a boot on one foot and a shoe on the was made some years ago to introduce the silk-worm, other-his neighbour is bare-footed and bare-legged and a large quantity of mulberry trees were planted altogether; one has an old jacket another has only to feed the insects. But the attempt failed; for it is his ragged shirt and drawers; one has a carapuca, a very difficult thing to introduce into a new .place a another an old straw hat, and a third is bare-headed; product and manusucture so as to cope, in excellence and there they stand, and there they march, at the of production and in cheapness, with those places word of command, the very impersonation of that in which it has been located for a long period, and ragged company of whom their captain said: “I'll where it enjoys many little but important advannot march through Coventry with them, that's flat.” tages, which time and experience have gathered
The mode of calling a person at a distance struck around it. The country people, too, in their wisdom, me as furnishing an illustration of sundry passages of set themselves against the experiment, and destroyed Scripture. For example, in Isa. v. 26, it is written: many of the mulberry trees, in the apprehension that “And he will lift up an ensign to the nations from the silk-worms would not be content with the mulfar, and will hiss unto them from the end of the berry leaves, but would betake themselves to the earth: nd, behold, the shall come with speed leaves of the vines. swiftly." And Zech. v. 8:“ I will hiss for them, and We saw the cochineal insect in the fazenda of an gather them.” The hiss here mentioned is just the English gentleman near Funchal, and from what we word or sound with which, in Madeira, a person soli witnessed, and the information which we received, cits the attention of one at a distance, and calls him we are persuaded that cochineal might be produced to come to him. The Portuguese use a loud hiss in in considerable quantities in Madeira. The large, place of the ho or hallo which we employ.
coarse cactus-the prickly pear--which constitutes The distaff is very often to be seen in the hands of the food of the insect, and a suitable habitation for the women as they are seated in the doors of their it, grows almost of its own accord in Madeira most houses. It is merely a piece of wood or cane, round plentifully and luxuriantly. The climate seems to be which the flax is wrapped; it is held in the arm, and quite suited to the insect, and apparently a little care they spin from it with both hands, wrapping up the and enterprise would successfully introduce it. thread as it is formed on a pirn or bobbin, which The products of the island are, arrow-root of excelusually swings in the air. I believe all their spinning lent quality, potatoes—which are beginning to be is done by this distaff—any other machinery for spin- much cultivated, there being an increasing demand ning, even the very simplest kind of it, being unknown for them for exportation to Demerara, and by ships in Madeira.
calling at the island for refreshments — the sweet The husbandry is very unskilful. Their ploughs potatoe, and the yam. Of fruits, there are oranges, are of the simplest and rudest construction. Their lemons, bananas, peaches, almonds, figs—very good principal implement in tillage is the enxada—a kind - apples, pears, walnuts, pomegranates, custardof hoe or mattock. With this they plant and clean apples, strawberries, gooseberries, and pine-apples. their vines, turn over their vegetable and potatoe All of them might be much finer were anything like grounds, and even many of the patches where they skill and care bestowed on them. But they are very sow barley and wheat. The spade is nearly unknown much in a state of nature, without any ingrafting, or among them; they have no wheel-barrows; indeed any of those means of improvement which science they are strangers to almost every mechanical con and experience have discovered. trivance elsewhere employed to aid man in his Madeira was once covered with wood. A large labours.
portion of the island has long ago been cleared, and Wine is the principal produce of Madeira. It is the wood seems to be gradually disappearing from grown all around the island, und up the mountain the remainder. A good deal, however, is still left. sides to the height of about eighteen hundred feet. The oak, the walnut, the til, the vinhatico or island The different kinds of wine which the island yields are mahogany, the chesnut, the mulberry, are all to be Madeira, of which we have already spoken, Malmsey, found on the island, and are all used for economic Bual, Sercial, and a red wine called Tinto. The annual purposes. produce is between fifteen and sixteen thousand Some of the chesnuts are very noble trees. pipes. By far the best wine is grown on the south one at Campanavia, the circumference of which I
cannot venture to name, but the trunk, which was by oxen, and all burdens borne by mules and beginning to decay, was so large that a boy of the Many of the invalids ride a great deal: indeclis family had a comfortable roomy workshop in it, the only mode by which exercise on land, to any where he was carrying on the building of a handsome extent, can be taken, owing to the want of lere miniature first-class frigate.
ground. A good horse, with a man to attend it, a The wood of some of these trees is extremely pretty, be hired for about twenty-five dollars a month, sed and furniture of native manufacture is to be had in a nice pony for fifteen dollars. This includes entry Funchal both very reasonable in price and very thing: you have no care or responsibility. Ye beautiful.
order your horse at any hour you choose fuer It may be a comfort for those who have been burraquero brings it, and attends you wherever FCI plagued with the miserable currency of the Continent go; and when your ride is over, you give it up to and of Italy, to know that no such annoyance awaits his care: it is his concern to feed and dress his ow: them in Madeira. It is somewhat remarkable, how- horse as he pleases. In climbing the steep asetta, ever, that, with the exception of the copper money, the the horse is taught to set off at a canter or gallor, i currency of Madeira is in Spanish coins. It consists your attendant, on such occasions, in order to ke of dollars of 4s. 2d. value, pistrines of 10d., and tos up with you, lays hold of your charger's tail, and is taons or bits of 5d. Accounts are kept in rees, an towed along by means of it. Horses can also be hired imaginary coin, 100 of which are a tostaon, and 1000 a by the hour on reasonable terms. Some of it dollar. British sovereigns are also current at their invalids prefer boating to riding, and a boat with a 1 full value; visitors will find it advantageous to take couple of stout rowers can be had for a very modern out their money in sovereigns.
sum per hour. Those who cannot stand the fab There are few wild animals in Madeira, Rabbits of riding, make their excursions and long journeyyia abound, but there are neither hares nor foxes, nor a hammock or net, suspended by the two ends fra any animal of prey except several species of the hawk. a strong bamboo pole, and carried on the shoulder There are a few partridges and quails, and multitudes of two men. Palanquins are used for short distands of blackbirds. It is a common saying, that “ a crow about the city. and a Scotchman are to be found in every part of We take the liberty of quoting the following the world.” In Madeira there are certainly plenty tences from a letter of an intelligent corneretai of Scotchmen, but the other part of the saying fails gentleman, written from Madeira last winter, 15? to hold good, for there is not a crow on the whole published in the Edinimrgk Weekly Carende island. There are multitudes of rats and lizards, " Nearly every artiele one sees here is of Brstaa which are very destructive to the grapes, oranges, manufacture. As a specimen of the general ree curtard-apples, &c., of which they are extremely and not to refer to private life, I may notice the fond. There are a few frogs, who make no small furniture of the hotel. In the parlour I occupied noise in iheir own way; toads are unknown; nor did there, one of the tables was covered with oil eden I hear of any poisonous creature in Madeira except a which I at once recognised as being of Looka black spider, whose bite is said to be venomous. The manufacture-another with a coloured cotton are large striped tarantula spider-a beautiful animal—is of Dunfermline manufacture; the sofas were comer frequently to be met with; a considerable variety of with striped cotton, which I knew to be made al very beautiful moths, and on the mountains immense in Glasgow; the dinner and breakfast dishes per swarms of huge grasshoppers.
evidently from Staffordshire; and the block-tin cures Fish are to be had in great abundance, and an im- had an English stamp, showing their Birmingha mense variety; but all, with the exception of the origin; the knives and forks were, of course, Iro mackerel, different from what are found on our coasts. Sheffield; and the table-cloths from Dunfirlit Some of them are pretty good, but in general the In my bed-room, the curtains were made of checker quality is inferior to what we have at home. muslin, of Manchester manufacture; and the print
Everything needed for the comfort of individuals sofa-cover, in the same room, was evidently of t and families visiting the island may now be had in same parentage. The two first women whom I har Funchal, or can easily be procured from London by pened to see after landing, were peasants from the any of the regular traders. Bread is about the same interior, and they wore cotton shawls of Paises price as in this country-beef much cheaper and very origin; and printed cotton handkerchiefs on the good-veal good---mutton in general very badpigg heads, evidently from Glasgow." poor in comparison of those at home. Fowls are This is curious and interesting, as giving one sa plentiful. The country people bring great quantities notion of the extent to which the produce of Britse of them into Funchal for sale, carrying them sus- ingenuity and industry now ministers to the comfort pended by the legs over their stick or páo. A strong of the people of other lands. Perhaps this may de fellow will in this way carry a dozen or a dozen and a mean of preserving peace among the natios a-half of fowls or turkeys. There is great cruelty in There seems little for any to gain, and certain this, and sometimes the poor animals die of apoplexy much for all to lose, by war. from being kept so long with their heads hanging I do not intend to lengthen out further these down.
“Notes on Madeira.” Perhaps some of my readers There is no breed of horses peculiar to the island. may have felt an interest in the account which I have They are imported from various quarters, and a few given of the state of religion, and of the Lord's werk only are reared by the Portuguese. They are used in that island. Let them bear on their spirits sf 3 only for the saddle; all draught being performed throne of grace their sore-tried and suffering brethren