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their ground, but, in every instance, they were to be straightway to pull him out. Nor must the fanlt of joined only with those of their own species. This the master be visited upon his unoffending servant; precept embraced at once the benefit of the tribes the Israelite was commanded, under pain of divine and the comfort of their cattle. The benevolent anger, to bring back the ass of his greatest enemy, Legislator would not have animals of unequal strength which he found going astray, and to assist in raising and of discordant habits and dispositions, forced into him up when fallen under his load. In these ada union to which they are naturally averse, and mirable precepts, the God of mercy regards the or where the labour could not be equally divided. But and the ass with equal indulgence; and, as the latter Jehovah, whose care extends to the happiness even was more exposed to injurious treatment, he conde of an ox or an ass, had certainly a higher object in scends to secure his safety and comfort by additional view. He meant, by this prohibition, to instruct his and particular enactments; exhibiting an example of people to preserve with solicitude the unaffected tender concern for the happiness of the meanest of simplicity of the patriarchal ages, in their manner his creatures, which can hardly be too frequently of living; to avoid unnatural associations among contemplated, and certainly never too closely imi. themselves, and undue familiarity with the idolatrous tated. nations around them, by contracting marriages with The man of benevolence, who treats even his ax them, entering into alliances, or engaging in exten with kindness, shall not lose his reward. Beside sive mercantile transactions--still more, by joining in the approbation of God and his own conscience, b: the impure rites of their worship. To this moral shall be attended with the strong and affectionate aspect of the law the great Apostle of the Gentiles attachment of the animal himself. Dull and stup evidently refers in his charge to the Corinthians: "Be as he is, the ass, according to Buffon, smells his mes ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers; ter at a distance, searches the places and roads which for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrigh- he used to frequent, and easily distinguishes hin teousness? and what communion hath light with from the rest of mankind. An equal degree of gradarkness ?"

titude is not always to be found among rational After the ass had assisted in gathering the crop / beings towards their greatest and best benefactor. into the garner, he was often sent, in primitive times, The ass, although destitute of reason, and even dulla to drive the millstone, which was to convert it into than many other animals, although commonly hari meal. To this kind of labour the Lord Jesus un wrought, and unkindly treated, discovers an attachdoubtedly alludes, in his declaration to the disciples : ment to his master, which the people of Israel did not “ It is impossible but that offences will come; but feel for the living God, who daily loaded them with L: woe unto him through whom they come!

benefits. This trait in his character gives uncommco better for him that a millstone were hanged about poignancy to the prophet's reproof: “ The or knowhis neck, and he cast into the sea, than that he eth his owner, and the ass his master's crib"-tho should offend one of these little ones.” The original are not insensible to the kindness of their benefits phrase, mulos on ikos, signifies a millstone so large that tors; “ but Israel doth not know” the God of his it cannot be turned about by the hand, according to salvation; "my people doth not consider” frue. the more common way of grinding corn in the East, whose liand they receive all their blessings, nor what but must be driven by an ass. How various and iin return they owe to him for his unmerited kindness. portant are the services which this humble creature Among the Jews, the ass was considered as an utrenders to his master! He serves him for riding, for clean animal, because it neither divides the hoof der bearing his burdens, drawing the plough, treading chews the cud. It could neither be used as food ru the grain into the flooded soil, turning the millstone; offered in sacrifice. The firstling of an ass, like there and to all these services, the female adds the nutri- of camels, horses, and other unclean animals, was to tious beverage of her milk. To the poor man, there be redeemed with the sacrifice of a lamb, or deprire fore, a single ass might prove an invaluable treasure. of life. In cases of extreme want, however, this lax In many cases it was the principal means of support was disregarded; for when the Syrian armies be to himself and his family; a circumstance which ac sieged Samaria, the inhabitants were so reduceh, counts for the energetic language respecting this tha: "an ass's head,” though a species of food disanimal in some passages of Scripture. To "drive agreeable, and commonly reckoned pernicious, "ws away the ass of the fatherless," Job denounces as a sold for fourscore pieces of silver." Some writer, deed of atrocity which none but a proud and un however, contend that the term hanor does but feeling oppressor could be guilty of perpetrating. signify an ass in this passage, but is the same as kortet,

The services of this useful aniinal were not suffi a certain measure of grain. But this view of the cient, even in times of primitive simplicity, to save passage cannot be admitted. We know what is him from every kind of abuse. At one time he suffers meant by the head of an ass, but the head of a homet, from neglect; at another from oppressive labour; or measure of wheat or barley, is quite unintelligible. and seldom experiences from ungrateful man the Nor could the sacred writer say with propriety, that kindness and indulgence to which he is fairly en the city was suffering by a “great famine," while a titled. From the watchful care of his Creator, how- homer of grain was sold for eighty pieces of siivet; ever, he has not been excluded; even to his subsis for in the next chapter he informs us that, after the tence, comfort, and ease, the gracious attention of flight of the Syrians, and provisions of every kind, by Heaven has been directed. And while he admits that the sudden return of plenty, were reduced to the he made him for the benefit of man, and protects his lowest price, " a measure of fine flour (which is the owner in the quiet possession of him, as a valuable thirtieth part of a homer), was sold for a shekel, and part of his property, by the awful sanctions of the two measures of barley for a shekel, in the gate of moral law, he makes it an imperative duty to treat

Samaria.” Besides, had the historian intended a him as a sentient being, capable of suffering and of measure of corn, he would not have said indefinitely, enjoyment. It is accordingly assigned as one reason a homer was sold for eighty pieces of silver; bot, a for the strict observance of the Sabbath: “ That homer of wheat, or of barley, or of oats, which are not thine ox and thine ass may rest." But it is not suf of the same value. The prophet accordingly sare, in ficient to suspend his usual toil during that holy day; the beginning of the next chapter: " A measure of fine he must neither be resigned to want, nor exposed to

flour shall be sold for a shekel, and two measures of harsh or inhuman treatinent. The compassion of barley for a shekel.” And John, in the Book of Re God requires “to loose him from the stall, and lead velation : “ A mensure of wheat for a penny, and him away to watering;" and should he fall into a pit, | three mensures of barley for a penny." Our trar

JACOB IN PADAN-ARAM.

535.

lators, therefore, have taken a just view of this text, question him politely upon the subject; and if and given a correct version.

the stranger then prolongs his stay, he is exThe neglect and contempt which follow this animal through life, do not forsake him even in death. pected to make himself useful, by assisting the His carcass, furnishing no desirable repast to people host in the ordinary objects of his care—such of any condition, is ignominiously cast out into the as milking the camel, feeding the horse, fetchopen field, to feed the wild beasts and the ravenous | ing water, and the like. He is not, indeed, birds; or tumbled into the nearest ditch, where it is compelled to these services, but he cannot deleft to moulder into dust. “ The burial of an ass, was accordingly reckoned, in Old Testament ages,

cline them without exposing himself to the centhe last disgrace to which the body of a criminal or

sure and contempt of the Arabs of the camp. an unfortunate could be doomed. To this most dis

Jacob got, for the wages of his long service, honourable end the Prophet Jeremiah, by the com the two daughters of Laban. When the eldest mand of Heaven, condemned Jehoiakim, the king of was given to him, her father“ gave unto his Judah. The sentence, than which we can scarcely daughter Leah Zilpah his maid for an handconceive one more galling to an Oriental ear, is maid ;” and, in like manner, he afterwards couched in these terms: “His dead body shall be cast out in the day to the heat, and in the night to

gave Bilhah to Kachel. That he did this in the frost." • They shall not lament for him, saying, both cases shows that it was a common custom. Ah, my brother! or, Ah, my sister! They shall not

But it is a custom to which European usages lament for him, saying, Ah, Lord! or, Ah, his glory! Offer no parallel. Yet in the East, where hired He shall be buried with the burial of an ass, drawn household servants are comparatively rare, no and cast forth beyond the gates of Jerusalem." person in good circumstances bestows a daugh. * Not that Jehoiakim should have so disgraceful an end in the vicinity of Jerusalem, as is commonly

ter in marriage, without giving her a female supposed, for he was carried to Babylon, and in all slave for a handmaid. This handmaid becomes probability died there; but that in the land of his her own separate property, over which her huscaptivity he should die contemmed and neglected by band has no control, and which she can dispose the Babylonians, and unregretted even by his cap

of as she pleases. It is clear that Leah and 11 tive countrymen; and that his carcass should be

Rachel possessed and exercised the same inde. treated with all the neglect with which the inhabitants of Jerusalem were accustomed to treat their pendent and absolute power over their handdead asses, which they dragged out of the city, and

maidens as Sarah had over Hagar; and this cast forth to corrupt or be devoured."

fact seems to throw considerable light upon the

conduct of all these persons. JACOB IN PADAN-ARAM.

When, after twenty years' service, Jacob withdrew secretly from Laban, and was pur

sued and overtaken by him, the son of Isaac BY JOHN KITTO, D.D.,

vindicated his conduct, and retorted the reEditor ofthe Cyclopedia of Biblical Literature."

proaches of Laban with a manly warmth, which

interests us greatly in his favour. Dwelling The history of Jacob's sojourn in Padan-aram upon his care of the flocks, he says, among other is a very interesting portion of Scripture, which things : “ That which was torn of beasts I has scarcely yet received all the illustration of brought not unto thee: I bore the loss of it; of which it is capable, from the existing usages of my hand didst thou require it.” That Laban the East, and from other sources not commonly should thus have exacted that Jacob should consulted by commentators on Scripture. We make good all casualties to the flock was most note a few points which we have not seen ade- ungenerous, and contrary to all known usages quately illustrated.

of pastoral life, which exonerate the shepherd From Gen. xxix. 15, we gather, in a very when he is able to afford such evidence as shall incidental manner, that Jacob, during the first satisfy the owner that the animal is really dead, month of his visit to his uncle Laban, did not and has not been sold by the shepherd for his spend the time in sauntering about, conversing own advantage. For this the carcass itself is with his relatives concerning the adventures of the best evidence, as Jacob intimates; but time his family in the land of Canaan, but found out and distance will often render its production various ways of making himself useful; and so difficult. Jacob himself was sometimes three impressed the not very open-hearted Laban days' journey distant from Laban, and in that with the value of his services that, at the end time the dead carcass would, in an Eastern of the month, he accosted his nephew in these climate, have become most offensive, besides terms: “ Because thou art my brother, shouldest that it would have required the services of a thou therefore serve me for nought? Tell me man and beast six days, going and returning, what shall thy wages be?” That Jacob, al to take it to Laban. It might also happen that though a guest, had been thus diligent in the the production of the animal, or even of its service of his host, is quite in conformity with skin, which is the next best evidence, would be existing usages among the Arabians. A stran

impossible, through its having been carried geris welcomed and liberally entertained in any away, or wholly, or in great part, consumed by Arab tent at which he chooses to put up; but some beast of prey. The experience of this if three days and four hours pass without his led to the production of some part of the animal manifesting an intention to depart, the rules of being taken as sufficient evidence of its loss Bedouin hospitality do not forbid his host to through misadventure. Hence the anxiety of

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the shepherds to rescue from ravenous beasts enables him to exclaim: “O Lord, I will praise thee; at least some part of the sheep, to satisfy the though thou wast angry with me, thine anger is owner as to its loss. This is alluded to by Amos turned away, and thou comfortest me! Behold, God üi. 12): “ As the shepherd taketh out of the is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for mouth of the lion two legs, or a piece of an

the Lord Jehovah is my strength and my song; he ear,” &c. This somewhat remarkable custom also is become my salvation. Therefore, with joy meets one constantly in the East in some shape shall I draw water out of the wells of salvation." or other; for it is applied to the case of all And what is penitence ? Penitence is the tear animals intrusted by the owners to the care of that drops from the eye of faith, when that eye is other persons, and comes frequently into ope- fixed upon the cross of Christ. Of course, where ration with respect to horses which die upon faith is awanting, there can be nothing like the godly the road. Of many illustrative anecdotes wbich sorrow which worketh repentance unto salvation, not have come under the writer's notice, the follow to be repented of. A man may contemplate his iniing, from the "Memoirs of Artemi, an Arme- quities from any other point but Calvary, and spread nian of Wagarschaput,” is perhaps the most them out before him, with all their aggravations, and striking. Artemi was employed by his master with all their eternal consequences; and even view to conduct his horses a long way to Baku. them in the awful colours which are reflected from Being exhausted by want of fodder, two of them the flames of hell; but, after all, his heart may redied on the way; and Artemi, according to the main unmoved — unchanged. But let him look custom of his country, cut off their ears and directly to the cross, and form a clear conception of tails to produce to the owner. When the Ar- the perfection of the Saviour's finished work, and menian arrived, he was loaded with abuse by believe, because God has said it, that Christ is able his master. “He called me, before all the to save to the very uttermost, and apprehend the people, a horse-stealer; for to a certainty I must full import of these marvellous words : “I, even 1, have sold the horses. • Only think what a am he that blotteth out thy transgressions for mine | scoundrel he is !' exclaimed he, turning to the own sake, and will not remember thy sinis” - lot li Armenians; "he has robbed me of two capital that lesson be taught to him by the Spirit who !! horses, which I bought in Persia. One of them teacheth savingly and to profit, and the heart that is was a grey, and cost me five hundred rubles; within him, though previously harder than the adaand for the other, a bay, I paid nearly eight mant, will straightway be dissolved — every feeling hundred simple folks believed him, and and every fibre will be touched with the spell of a seemed inclined to join in his invectives. I melting sensibility—the head will become like waters, then begged my master to have a little patience, and the eyelids will be turned into a fountain of and showed him, before them all, the tails and tears. the ears. “There,' cried I, ' are the ears and But is this the view of repentance which the singer tails of your horses !""

is naturally disposed to entertain, or which he is most ready to exemplify? No such thing. He reverses

the order of the divine arrangement. FAITH AND PENITENCE.

faith first, and repentance follows as the necessary

result. But the sinner, left to himself, is inclined to BY THE REV. J. A. WALLACE,

put repentance first, and to make faith dependent Hawick.

In other words, he cannot bring himself to

the conviction that he is warranted to look to the What is faith? Faith is like the eye that looks to cross at once, and to believe that the blood of Christ Christ, or the hand that touches the skirts of his is sufficient of itself to cleanse him from all his sins. garments, or the foot that walketh after him, or the But he acts upon the assomption that he must rupeat voice that crieth unto him: “ Heal me, O Lord, and first--that he must be sorry for his sins--that he I shall be healed; save me, O Lord, and I shall be must mourn over them--that he must acknowledge saved.” But, let it be observed, there is no virtue them—that he must forsake them-and that, when in faith itself. The virtue is in Christ, and in Christ's he has done this, and not before, he is at liberty to work. Not in the eye that looks: the eye that looks lift his eyes to the cross, to entertain the hope of formay be covered with scales, and dimmed with weep- giveness, or to put in his claim for the blessings of the i ing; it is Christ's eye-salve that clears it. Not in the great salvation. But this is making his salvation to band that touches: the hand that touches may be depend, not mainly or exclusively on Christ's finished i polluted with leprosy, or stiffened with palsy, or work, but upon his own repentance-a repentance withered with infirmity; it is Christ's skill that heals wrought out by himself, and altogether unconnected it. Not in the foot that walketh after him: the foot with the merit that is in Christ; and the result is, may be staggering amid the hearing billows, and that such a repentance can neither be acceptable in sinking into the yawning gulf, while the voice of the the sight of God, nor truly profitable to himself. perishing man is crying out in its agony: “ Lord, save God's method is very different. First of all, he pours me, or I perish.” Faith itself has no power to save out his Spirit--the Spirit of grace the spirit of sup. him. It only joins his hand to the hand of Christ; plications. And what follows ? The man looks and it is Christ's hand, in its almightiness, that lifts upon Him whom he has pierced! That is faith, and him from the horrible pit, and sets his feet upon the it is faith looking in the right direction--faith rivetted rock, and, putting the new song into his mouth, I upon the cross of Christ. And then, when the man

God puts

upon it.

HOW DANIEL PRAYED, AND WHY?

537

looks upon Him whom he hath pierced, he mourns prayer is never heard except in a time of distress. and is in bitterness, even as one mourneth for an only

It also condemns such as never have prayer in their child. And that is repentance, the repentance that houses except on Sabbath, and those who, with breaks the heart of stone the repentance that perfect opportunity, worship God only once in the

day. Business, I am aware, is the great excuse; but worketh unto salvation not to be repented of.

the more we have to do, we have the more need to Hence repentance has been described as a saving pray. It is, in some respects, a greater sin in a busy grace; that is to say, it is not a thing inherent in man to be prayerless than it is in one who is unemourselves, or which we ourselves can originate. It is ployed. He who has most to do has most need of a gift—a free gift-a gift of divine love. It is God

divine assistance; and the rule is: “ In all thy ways himself that gives it. It comes from him just as

acknowledge thou Him, and He will direct thy steps."

Along with his prayers, it was Daniel's usual custruly as faith does. For thus it is written in regard tom to mingle thanksgivings to the Father of merto Christ: “Him hath God exalted with his right cies. In presenting these addresses to the Majesty hand to be a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repent of heaven, he kneeled upon his knees, in order to ance to Israel and forgiveness of sins." To give re

express the holy awe and reverence which he felt in pentance! Not merely the forgiveness of sins, which

the presence of God. He had also been in the habit

of praying with “his windows open toward Jerusawe readily admit to be the gift of God, but repent

lem.” This he did, not from ostentation, and far ance also, or the godly sorrow which, within the in less from a superstitious belief that prayer directed terior of our own hearts, worketh unto salvation not to a certain quarter was more acceptable to Him who to be repented of. The latter, no less than the former, filleth heaven and earth. By kneeling with his face is the gift of God through our Lord Jesus Christ towards Jerusaiem, he at once expressed his belief

that the captives would be restored and the temple the penitence as well as the pardon---the godly sor

rebuilt, and complied with the inspired suggestions row as well as the remission of sin. To divine grace, contained in Solomon's prayer at the dedication of and to divine grace alone, the believing and the re the temple: “If they sin against thee (for there is penting sinner is indebted for them both; and the no man that sinneth not), and thou be angry with more thoroughly he is taught that in himself there them, and deliver them to the enemy, so that they dwelleth no good thing, and that, consequently, every

carry them away captives unto the land of the enemy

far or near; yet if they shall bethink themselves in good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and the land whither they were carried captives, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom repent, and make supplication unto thee in the land there is no variableness, neither shadow of turning, of them that carried them captives, saying, We have the more heartily will he now magnify the riches of sinned and have done perversely, we have

committed the Saviour's grace, and the better fitted will he be

wickedness; and so return unto thee with all their hereafter for joining with the countless throng who

heart, and with all their soul, in the land of their

enemies which led them away captive, and pray unto are casting their crowns at the Saviour's feet, and thee toward their land which thou gavest unto their ascribing, not unto themselves, but unto Him who fathers, the city which thou hast chosen, and the hath loved them, and washed them from their sins house which I have built for thy name: then hear in his own blood, all the wisdom, and the glory, and

thou their prayer and their supplication in heaven the honour, and the thanksgiving, and the power, and

thy dwelling-place, and maintain their cause, and

forgive thy people that have sinned against thee, and the victory, for ever and ever. Amen.

all their transgressions wherein they have trans

gressed against thee, and give them compassion beHOW DANIEL PRAYED, AND WHY?

fore them who carried them captive, that they may

have compassion on them." It is evident that Daniel had stated times for prayer. Daniel had been a praying man all his days, and And if we would derive the full advantage which this prepared him to stand the trial when the trial may be obtained from prayer, we would do well to came. * Now when Daniel knew that the writing have stated times for this exercise. Formality in was signed, he went into his house, and his windows religion is to be avoided, but regularity ought to be being open in his chamber toward Jerusalem, he cultivated. Without order in our worldly affairs, al kneeled upon his knees three times a day, and prayed, though we be always busy, we will be always in con and gave thanks before his God, as he did aforetime." fusion. It is of more importance still to be orderly With the full knowledge that the edict was signed, in our religious exercises. If we have no stated times he continued his ordinary practice. He added for these, the affairs of the world will, in all likeli nothing from a spirit of defiance — he omitted hood, exclude them; or natural fickleness will post- nothing from a fear of danger. On the one hand, pone them, or unforeseen occurrences will cause them he did nothing to court martyrdom; on the other to be shut up in a corner, and performed in a hurried hand, he took no precautions to escape it. He did manner--which is worse even than neglect. Regu- | in all respects as he had done aforetime. He had larity will, in due time, ripen into habit, and habit, been accustomed to pray, and he continued to pray. though it may occasionally degenerate into custom, is He had been in the habit of praying three times an important safeguard upon a good principle and a a-day, and he continued to pray three times a-day. good practice. Many individuals may consider it quite He had been accustomed to kneel when he prayed, impossible that they can spare time to set apart for and he still “kneeled upon his knees.” He had this purpose. It is admitted that all have not equal been accustomed to pray with his windows open facilities; but if there be first a willing mind, it is toward Jerusalem, and he opened them toward wonderful what can be done. It is presumed that few Jerusalem as he had done aforetime. He had been have a better excuse than Daniel. He had all the accustomed to mingle thanksgiving with prayer, and affairs of an empire to manage, and yet he found though he is now exposed to a lion's den, he sees time for his stated seasons of calling on the name of still abundant cause of thankfulness. God had God.

spared him long, he had loaded him with benefits, Daniel not only prayed daily—he prayed three times he had enabled him to maintain his purity of characa-day. This condemns those persons in whose houses ter amid many temptations, and now, in extreme old

age, he not only counted him worthy to suffer for the denced by what was inward, but only by what was divine name, but enabled him to meet the perils outward; not by believing with the heart, but by which beset him with a calm and courageous mind. confessing with the lips. The attitude of Daniel's Daniel, therefore, not only prays," he gives thanks, bouy while praying, nay, the position of the windows as he had done aforetime."

of his chamber, was as important in the sight of God Two questions may be raised, respecting the pro as the inward devotion of his soul. If he had shot priety of Daniel's conduct. It may be said, in the his windows, if he had ceased to kneel, if he had ceased first place, that Daniel was chargeable with rebellion, to speak unto God with the lips, and rested content because, knowingly and avowedly, he violated a law with the utterances of the heart, this would have which had been passed by the highest legislative been to homologate the impious decree, and to deny power in the country. In reply to this we shall God before men. That edict invaded the rights of simply state, at present, that God is the supreme Jehovah, not by prohibiting men from worshipping lawgiver, that all the authority which man possesses him in their hearts, but by forbidding them to worover man is derived from God, and limited by the ship him with their bodies. Bodily serviee was divine law, and, therefore, the laws of man only therefore the only evidence of heart-loyalty to God, bind when they are not inconsistent with the law of and worship that was purely spiritual would have God. But the moment that they command what been looked upon as the homage of a coward and a God has forbidden, or forbid what God has com traitor-of a man who wished to serve two masters. manded, they cease to be obligatory upon conscience; - White's Providence, Prophecy, and Popery." and in such cases, so far from being sinful to disobey them, to do so is a solemn duty. The edict of Darius

AN ILLUSTRATION OF INTOLERANCE. being palpably opposed to the plainest commands of God, Daniel, in refusing to observe such a law, only M. Pache, of the village of Morges, in Switzerland, acted the part which was incumbent on every loyal a minister of the Gospel, and a member of one of the subject of the Most High.

most respectable families of the whole country, was In the second place, it may be said that Daniel sojourning, during the summer, for his health, at the might have prayed unto God in the heart, in despite baths of Aix, in Savoy. He was so ill that he was of his enemies, and God would have heard him; or,

often shut up in his chamber, and obliged to keep his if he wished to pray unto him with the lips, he ought bed. An old woman had the care of him as his to have retired into some secret place; or at least, if nurse, a creature as cunning and malicious as she was he prayed in his own chamber, he should have allowed bigoted. She soon observed, by his conversation and the windows to remain closed during these thirty days. manner of life, that M. Pache was a religious maa, Was it not, therefore, sinful in him to pray so osten- although, knowing the jealousy of the priests, he lad tatiously as he did ? 'Was not this unnecessarily to prudently abstained from giving her either Bibles or expose his life to danger? Was it not to forget that tracts. This, however, did not prevent the old God is a spirit, and to place too much dependence woman from going to her priest, and telling him, it upon that bodily service which profiteth little? It is said at the confessional, all that she had seen or ought, however, to be remarked, that while the Scrip heard of her patient's heresy. tures assert that bodily service protiteth little, they

The priest took the alarm, but M. Pache could not nowhere assert that it profiteth nothing. On the

be arrested without some plausible pretext; and how contrary, we are commanded to glorify God in our should that be gained? Under guidance of her cunbodies, as well as in our spirits, which are his. And fessor, the old woman pretended to her patient to be there are occasions when bodily exercise profiteth filled with a very sincere and earnest desire to be in. much—in which it is even a better test of a person's structed as to the interests of her soul. She entered devotedness to God than the inward frame of his into conversation with M. Pache, and finished by beg. mind. When God calls upon us to believe with the ging him to give her one or two of the religious tract: heart unto righteousness, no outward action, such as which she had seen upon his table. The siek ma:. fasting, or praying with an audible voice, or the yielded to her request; for who, not knowing her giving of our goods to feed the poor, or even the wicked league with the priest, could have refused it: giving of our bodies to be burned, will be accepted Soon as the old woman had got possession of the by him as a substitute for faith. On the contrary, tracts, she ran in triumph to carry them to the priest. when God, in his adorable providence, calls upon us

M. Pache was at once arrested and conducted to to make confession of him before men, no inward prison. Some influential friends exerted themselves frame of spirit, neither faith, nor love, nor self to obtain his liberation, but in vain; they were told denial, nor heavenliness of mind, will be accepted by that M. Pache must wait in prison the issuing of his him as a substitute for our open and visible adher- judgment. The prisoner next addressed a petition ence to the cause of his truth and of his glory. In

to the King of Sardinia, with whom he had been para time of trial, a testing-time, it is not the inward sonally acquainted—had lived with hinı at Genera feeling of loyalty to God-it is the outward manifes had dwelt in the same house with him, and studičů tation of this; it is not the image of God in the in the same school. He received for answer, the 25 heart, it is his “name upon the forehead,” which surance that the king remembered him very well, but proves an individual to belong to “ the called, and that he could not hinder the free course of justice. chosen, and faithful." Let us apply these remarks At length, after having waited a long time in vain to the case in hand. Praying to God in the spirit for his sentence in prison--all bail being refused to was not prohibited, but only such prayer as came

him—he was brought before the Senate of Chambery. under the observation of men. Persons were not

and there condemned to a year's further imprisontinterdicted from believing in God, but only from ment, a fine of one hundred pieces of gold, and to pay, rendering to him the outward acts of homage that besides, the expenses of the process. The infamous were due unto his name. The point, therefore, on

treatment would have been still worse, had it not which the authority of God and man came into col- been for his personal relations with the king and the lision was about the external acts of divine worship. interference of some persons of high rank. God had said: "In all thy ways acknowledge thou

The treatment which this minister of the Gospel me, and I will direct thy steps.” Darius and his received while in prison was severe and cruel. They nobles, on the other hand, said: Thou shalt not ask only who may have visited the interior of a prison in a petition of God for thirty days. In the present

a Romish country, and especially in Italy, can imainstance, therefore, loyalty to God could not be evi- gine what M, Pache must have suffered. During

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