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· For olden truths a love that's new,

Unto our former God new trust;
For ancient war a sword that's new,

Amen.

the immorality of the married, in the sporting righteous. Ah ! Lord, if thou shouldst impate with oaths, in the God-forgetfulness of most of sin, who can stand before thee? The poorest our men in office, in the general licentiousness of the poor are we, if thou withdrawest thy of the spirit of the age. These punishments hand from us; the weakest of the weak are we, will one day become still greater. Most re- if thy strength is not mighty in our weakness. freshing, it is true, are these expressions : It is a precious office which thou hast intrusted

They that be teachers shall shine as the to us, but it is also a difficult office—to feed thy brightness of the firmament, and they that turn flock, and lead to thee, and keep to thee immany to righteousness as the stars for ever and mortal souls, which thou hast bought with thy li ever;" but truly crushing, on the other hand, are dear blood. Give, then, to us, thy weak servants, these words: “When I say unto the wicked, strength from on high; baptize us with the Thou shalt surely die; and thou givest him not fire of the Holy Spirit; let fresh breath of life warning, nor speakest to warn the wicked from blow through our whole assembly; guide thou ! liis wicked way, to save his life; the same thyself our consultations and deliberations, that i wicked man shall die in his iniquity; but his in this sanctuary we may think and say, feel blood will I require at thine hand.” Cursed be and desire, nothing except what is well-pleashe that doeth the work of the Lord negligently, ing to thee; reform, unite, missionize thou as saith the Lord. He testifies his abhorrence of all, and thy whole Christendom; and perfect us, negligence by the same expression with which strengthen us, invigorate us, stablish us, that! he stamps idolatry, disobedience of children to we may ever be more fully fitted for the work their parents, heaven-crying unrighteousness, of this office, and that through us the body of murder, and homicide. He ranks the negli- Christ may be edified. Three-one God, Father, gence of his servants in their work entirely Son, and Holy Ghost, thou our light and sal. ?' alongside of these most heinous sins and trans- vation, thou our comfort and hope, our Alpha gressions. O that he may not withdraw his and Omega, our beginning, middie, and end, hand from us, let us lift up our hands to him make us vessels and witnesses of thy mercy, and pray for mercy and grace; that he may and shining stars of the spiritual heaven, and not one day judge us, let us judge and con- give us all demn ourselves; that he may not curse us for time and eternity, let us break the rod over

And for new life new liking too

At olden evils new disgustourselves and our deeds; that we may not forget ourselves on account of others, which is

In ancient war new triumphs too!" so easy in our calling, let us try, with Doddridge, from time to time preaching to ourselves, partly for our humiliation and correction, partly for A FEW PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS OF our conversion and strengthening. Welcome

THE LATE REV. ROWLAND HILL. to us for this end be these days of brotherly convention ! The Catholic Church leads her The multifarious anecdotes related of Rowland Hill clergy, from time to time, into the cloister, would incline those who had never seen him to piethat there, as in a holy refugium, they may

ture to themselves an individual of facetious and , collect their thoughts again through self-exa- rather abrupt manners. Nothing could be more unmination and spiritual exercise. We have like than such a portrait. That he did occasionally not this arrangement—we cannot have it; but utter things that would sound strange from other lips we have our annual missionary meetings and is true, but it was done with an effect peculiarly his !! pastoral conferences. () we will use them, own, and could not bear imitation. He certainly had , that there may ever be more purity and clear his peculiarities, and real anecdotes might be told of ness among us; and that we may ever hold more him that are not a little singular; but others, he : firmly togetlier, and stand as one man, in one observed himself, were untrue, and indebted to the

H spirit, and in one soul, and fight for the faith invention of the narrators. of the Gospel. In former years the three-one Mr Hill's appearance was calculated to make a God hath richly blessed this week. He will lasting impression. His figure was commanding-his bless it in the present year also; yea, he hath features remarkably fine; and he had a very dignified already blessed it, and what he blesses, that is and graceful manner, well suited to his character, bis blessed eternally. The more empty we come office, and his worldly station. to him, the richer will he make us; the more His pulpit ministrations were, at the period of wbich unworthy we feel ourselves, the more fit are we I write (1829), marked by persuasive tenderness, forto receive his blessing.

cibly calling to mind the Apostle Paul's picture of Bless us then, Lord, as thou hast already himself in his Epistle to Philemon : “ Wherefore, blessed us yesterday and the preceding day. though I might be much bold in Christ to enjoin thee, We stand before thee, not on our own righ- that which is convenient, yet for love's sake I rather teousness, but on thy great mercy. Together beseech thee, being such an one as Paul the aged." we lament before thee because of negligence, This may be illustrated by a short note from one of unfaithfulness, wavering, lukewarmness, sloth- his sermons. "Sinner, are you late in coming to

1 fulness. Ah ! Lord, enter not into judgment Christ ?--pity you did not come sooner, yet we dare with thy servants; for before thee is none living | not say it is too late.”

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RECOLLECTIONS OF ROWLAND HILL,

485

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He was unable to stand during the delivery of his servations pointed and diversified; bearing no imdiscourse, and was accommodated with a high seat in press of the decaying vigour that appeared to distress the pulpit, which gave him the appearance of a stand him in endeavouring to keep up the connection of a ing position; yet the venerable preacher would con- lengthened pulpit address. Still the favourite theme tinue an hour, delivering with unabated zeal the same of holiness dwelt upon his lips, together with the divine message he had been proclaiming for sixty praise of a courteous demeanour towards all. years; nor did he forget still to lift his voice and give may make ourselves lovely, by lovely conduct in the his testimony against the Socinian heresies.

eyes of the devils themselves," he said. “Of old, a There was one feature in his manner of preaching salutation was called a courtsey; the ladies have that was peculiarly affecting—the use of ejaculatory stolen the word, calling it a curtsy: modern lanprayer which was mingled with it. His memory was guage is too trimmed up, and it lacks the dignity of somewhat impaired, and the idea he sought seemed former days.” He enlarged on this favourite topic occasionally to elude him; but this very deficiency with evident satisfaction, illustrating it by remark served to shed a beautiful light on his long habits of and anecdote. " When I meet a very poor man who communion with God, and the childlike dependence bows to me,” he said, “I invariably return the he had on immediate support, vouchsafed in time of civility; for I reflect, if it had not pleased Providence need, and in answer to the prayer of faith. Pausing to place me in a different station, this man might when apparently oppressed with the consciousness of have been infinitely my superior. A king of France, his decaying mental strength, he would fervently on one occasion, returned the bow of a chimneyejaculate : “ Dear Lord, help the faded memory of thy sweeper; a courtier, astonished at the condescension, poor, very old servant;" and then, as if he had re and doubtless imagining it had proceeded from inadceived the supply requisite--the fulfilment of his vertence, asked his majesty if he was aware to whom Lord's promise: “Lo, I am with you alway, even unto he had bowed ? 'Yes,' replied the king; do you the end of the world">he would resume the thread think I would be outdone in politeness by a chimneyof his discourse. He appeared truly to feel that he sweeper?' Oh! the Bible teaches politeness," he was treading on the confines of the invisible world; went on; "it is an expressly commanded duty. "Be to be leaning on the Beloved every step of the wilder- courteous,' is the language of an apostle.” Dess; to be drawing continually on the inexhaustible Having consented to conduct morning family treasury for all he required; and literally to dwell worship, the 26th chapter of Acts was selected; it under the influence of the persuasion that it was better

for him, while he dropped a few words of to depart and to be with Christ. The leading feature exposition, in which his peculiar quaintness shone out of his mind seemed to be a longing after sanctifica a little. Commenting on Paul's appearance before tion; and he delighted in expatiating on the beauty King Agrippa and the Roman governor, he took ocof holiness, and the preciousness of “ that fine old casion to observe on the apostle's politeness of address. book, the Bible," as he called it. It was, indeed, “Paul" he said, “was a gentleman. When Festus striking to hear him, as he stood before a crowded said, “ Paul, thou art beside thyself: much learning congregation, exclaim, with calm earnestness : “Oh! doth make thee mad,' did Paul fly into a passion, and I want to be above; I shall soon be above, and then cry, What do you call me a fool for? No; he answered, we shall sing that new song—the song of Moses and with dignified courtesy: 'I am not mad, most noble the Lamb. Abel began it anew this morning.” On Festus; but speak forth the words of truth and one occasion he cast his eyes devoutly upwards, and soberness.'" with much deliberate solemnity repeated these words: In the course of conversation, Mr Hill spoke of * The first and great commandment is, “Thou shalt different members of the royal family. The king, ove the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with he said, respected the religious opinions of others, all thy soul, and with all thy mind.' Oh! how much and would not do violence to their feelings on such of God do I require to enable me to fulfil that one points. On one occasion his majesty was to sit ommandment."

for his picture to a young artist. He sent for him The commendations of holiness came becomingly on a Sabbath to pursue his work; but, impressed from one who, like Enoch of old, walked with God, with a sense of religion and the sacredness of the ind was living in the constant contemplation of his day, the artist dared not obey the royal summons. \wn dissolution. He urged the practical exhibition It was a trial of principle; for much might de of Christianity as the only sure proof of its true pos- pend on the King's favour in the way of affecting ession in the heart; considering all profession value- his future prospects; but there was a command of ess that did not influence the daily practice, and higher authority than the one he had just received vidence its sincerity by its effect on every relation

-it was: “ Remember the Sabbath-day to keep of life-on the domestic character, descending to its it holy.” He sent the monarch a dutiful message, ainutest details. “If my horse or my dog could begging he would be pleased to accept his apology for peak, and did not speak well of me, I should be not attending at the palace, as his conscientious feelshamed of myself," he observed.

ings of religious duty would not permit him to work In private society, Mr Hill was a perfectly polished on the Sabbath-day. “Certainly,” said the king; gentleman. It has been said that he could be silent "another time will suit me as well." Application ind uncommunicative when matters were not quite was made to his majesty for aid towards some foreign o his mind; but he was far otherwise in the small mission conected with the Dissenters. It was suggestcircle where the narrator had the pleasure to meet ed in the royal ear that the scheme for which a with him. His conversation was full of life; his ob- 1 subscription was solicited did not proceed from the

his prayers.

1

Established Church. “No matter,” replied George over the Protestantism which they sought to supIV., at the same time commanding a sum to be given, press. The zeal with which he had been animated “the object is not to make sects, but Christians." was equalled in that of a devoted band of ministers, Mr Hill spoke very warmly of the Duke of Kent, of whom several had been trained at Geneva, who and of the kind attentions his royal highness had ame, one after another, to reap the precious harvest paid to himself. He seemed to have a great affecs of this district, undaunted by the rage of persecution. tion for his nephew, Lord Hill, and mentioned a pleas-Congregations were gradually formed and organized, ! ing anecdote of him. When appointed commander- though pastor and flock were continually in danger; !! in-chief, he went to his venerable uncle and solicited and their meetings for the worship of God were held

with the greatest secrecy, and usually at night. It was at a morning visit these few remarks were The immediate consequences of the death of Hamemade; he declined at that time invitations to dinner, lin were very different in Arvert and in Saintes. In but walked out that day a considerable distance to the former place, terror seemed to take possession of breakfast. Notwithstanding his making that exertion, the people; and forward as they had previously been his limbs had become so stiff that after engaging in in the public celebration of Protestant worship, most prayer he had to be assisted from his knees. But how of them all, it is said, but one man-returned to full of holy pleading confidence were his prayers ! how the Church of Rome. At Saintes, on the contrary,!' warm from the heart they seemed to flow! how ear such was the effect produced by the spectacle of the nestly his desires after sanctification were uttered, as captive minister's faith and patience, that the Prohe said: “Lord, make us temples of the Holy Ghost ! testant Church was strengthened. De la Place, the ! This is a great thing for us to ask, but we are encou- newly appointed colleague of Hamelin, hastened to raged to ask it, because this thing thou hast promised Arvert, and at the utmost peril of his life (the } to do." His petitions for the spread of the Gospel bishop being in the town with a numerous retinue), were strikingly earnest : “Send men that will agonize laboured to encourage his brethren to stand fast in for the salvation of souls; it is not for us to dictate the confession of Christ. There he was lamentably unto thee whom thou wilt send-only send."

unsuccessful; but at Saintes, he shortly afterwards Rowland Hill has joined the great company of the had the joy of seeing the Gospel received by some redeemed; and now not one remains among us of who had been amongst the most violent opponents of those who laboured in the great revivals of his early the Reformation. days in the last century. In the course of nature, I Amongst the congregations which were organized they are gone to their everlasting rest, and the last about this time, was that of Cognac. Its formation ''; survivers must have longed to join their brethren. was attended with circumstances in which the band Every particular of their latter days was invested of God very remarkably appeared. A minister had with interest, and the short opportunity enjoyed of been obtained for the congregation, who arrired on intercourse with this eminent servant of God is a the 1st of Noveinber 1558. On the very next evenmost pleasant recollection. Even then his sportive ing an image of the Virgin was thrown down which fancy and warm affections had not forsaken him. had decorated the portal of the Church of St Leger. 1 Individuals of the party being about to visit a neigh- The Protestants were blamed; and four who were espe- 1 bouring country, where they expected to see a mi- cially suspected of this sacrilege, or who were othernister he highly esteemed, but had not seen for some wise most obnoxious, were cast into prison. But two time, he took the opportunity to send him a message. very unexpected events caused their prompt deliver- | “Give him my love,” he said, “and tell him if I A magistrate named Odet, upon learning that were young I would go to see him, but when my they had been taken, hastened to the prison, and in wings grow I shall fly over. I wish," he added, great fury, proceeded to examine them. He left the “ we had an hundred such ministers."

prison in a fever, which carried him off in eight days. Peculiar Mr Hill certainly was; but at this late The prior of St Quentin was the principal instigator period of his life, his eccentricities scemed to be of persecution in this place, and swore, in presence of softened down; the bonds of earth were loosening, many people, that he would employ both wealth and and he was gradually preparing for the gentle dis influence to have the prisoners burned. He also tooš missal that awaited his dying hour, when, in deep fever, and three days after he had vowed that vow he humility and self-abasement, but in peaceful, welldied. These two deaths appalled the party of which founded security, this active, useful, most devoted, the magistrate and the prior had been leaders; and! and most successful minister of Jesus Christ, closed acknowledging the judgments of God, they made his earthly career and entered into his Master's glory. haste to open the prison doors, and ceased for a time

from further proceedings against the Protestants. PROTESTANTISM IN THE WEST OF The Count de Burie, lieutenant-general of the disFRANCE.

trict, thinking to ingratiate himself at court, began to persecute at Marennes. The Protestant minister

was driven from the town, but continued to preach A CHAPTER OF PROVIDENCES.

in the environs. The persecution spread over all WHEN Philibert Hamelin rested from his labours, Saintonge. It was carried on with increased violenes others were raised up to continue them; and the work by the Parliament of Bourdeaux, acting under special of evangelization was still carried on. The perse- | instructions from the king-Henry II. cutors who exulted over the death of the martyr, The martyrdom of Peter Arondeau is worthy of the found themselves farther than ever from a victory more particular record which it has obtained. He

ance.

SECOND PAPER,

PROTESTANTISM IN THE WEST OF FRANCE.

487

was a zcalous and active member of the Protestant | Léopard entered on his ministry amongst them, the congregation at Rochelle, though his condition was feudal superior of the town was engaged in the work humble—that of a pedler. He fell under suspicion of persecution, and found some, at least, ready to of heresy; and certain priests, who had watched him suffer rather than to recant. The death of this pervery closely for some time, one day advanced to him and secutor relieved them in some measure, but it was not asked him whether he would go to mass. He replied long till they were again exposed to the same trials; that, to his great regret, he had long gone to mass, but and such was the eagerness of the people to hear the that God had now opened his eyes, and that he knew Gospel, that their meetings could not be conducted the mass to be an invention of Satan. This was report with the requisite secrecy, and the pastor, though reed to the public authorities, and a warrant was issued | luctant, was compelled to consult his own safety and for his apprehension. He was aware of his danger, theirs by withdrawing for a time. He sought refuge but did not attempt to escape. He was taken and in the house of one of his deacons; but in this concast into prison. There he was visited by many mem cealment he did not remain long. At family worship, bers of the Protestant Church, who came to condole whilst he conducted prayer, he gave expression to the with him; and he improved the opportunity to urge grief which he felt at being constrained to inactivity; upon them the duty of faithfulness. The priests who he was compelled to pause, but soon recovering had denounced him were importunate for his con himself, went on more calmly, and the prayer being demnation, the authorities were willing to gratify concluded, he forthwith left the house, committing them, and Arondeau was called upon to declare himself to the guidance of the Lord, expressing his whether he had uttered the words laid to his charge. confidence that he would be led to some sphere of He hesitated not to avow them. Pardon was offered usefulness, and declaring that he would not be idle if him if he would retract. He replied that he was he should only find a swincherd to whom he might ready to retract at once, if it could be shown him preach. Passing through a suburb of Saujon, he was from the Holy Scripture that he was in error; but not recognised by Matthew Monroux, who had heard him otherwise. He was therefore condemned; whereupon preach at Arvert, and who now gladly invited him he blessed God for this grace of dying for his name's to his house. But before tasting the food which was sake. It was only on the entreaty of his friends that set before him, Léopard inquired whether there were he consented to appeal against the sentence pro any in that place who cared to hear the Word of nounced upon him. His chief employment was that God. Monroux found six persons willing to hear, of singing the praises of the Lord. Having appealed, but such alarm had been excited by the persecution, he was sent to Paris; his removal from Rochelle being that not one would venture to give the use of his conducted secretly, for fear of a rescue by the Pro-house for the meeting. Léopard led them forth to a testants, who had become numerous in that place and a wood, and there they prayed together, and he neighbourhood. His sentence was confirmed, and he preached the Gospel. The blessing of the Lord was on was burned alive at Paris, in the Place de Grève, on that meeting—they separated to employ themselves the 15th of November 1559; continuing to manifest in advancing the Protestant cause, and became the to the end the utmost firmness and patience.

founders of several congregations in that neighbourThe persecution continued to rage, till the unexpec- hood. ted death of Henry II. produced some relaxation on On that same day Léopard was induced, by the the part of the Parliament of Bourdeaux, and gave the hope of meeting with a brother minister, to call at the Protestants a breathing-time. But, notwithstanding Castle of Rioux. Here, too, a special providence was persecution, their number continued to increase. very manifest. It would seem that he did not find Compelled to hold their meetings by night, they the minister whom he expected, but he found at the were exposed to new reproaches upon that account castle an opportunity of great usefulness. The Seigfrom the unreasonable malevolence of the Papists: neur of Rioux, like some others of his class, had latterly they found it necessary to abstain from been brought to the knowledge of the truth; and meeting even by night, except in small companies having been denounced as a Protestant, was in danof twenty or thirty; but their ministers were full ger of being arrested and of suffering forfeiture of his of zeal, and notwithstanding all disadvantages

estates. Two gentlemen, his relatives, had come to the hand of the Lord being with them-many were reason with him, that they might bring him to a returned unto the Lord. In May 1559, a new minister cantation, in order to save his property and his life. arrived from Switzerland, Michael Mulot, a man of His lady, who loved this world, joined her importunisixty years, but singularly energetic and active, who ties to theirs. When thus so beset and in perplexity, settled at Soubise, a town where the Seigneur, or a visitor was announced, who had called at the gate feudal lord, had himself been for some time diligently of the castle, said that he was from Arvert, and deemployed in making known the doctrines of the Bible. sired to speak with the Seigneur in private. This was Often exposed to much danger, he laboured with abun- Charles Léopard, who had not ventured to make dant success, and ere long, the greater part of the known his name to the servant. On recognising him, inhabitants of Soubise and its neighbourhood had re the Seigneur lifted up his hands, and blessed God, nounced the errors of Rome. About the same time who had sent his servant to him at such a critical Charles Léopard came from Geneva to Arvert. He time. He led Léopard to a grove close by, stated his soon became one of the most eminent ministers of the great distress, and asked advice. Difficulties were district; and it is interesting to observe how the Pro- cleared away-wavering faith was strengthenedtestants of Arvert had now become bold and resolute and the Seigneur returned to his relatives accomin the confession of Christ. At the very time when panied by the Protestant minister, to announce his

resolution of adherence to the Protestant cause. The Popish gentlemen went away dissatisfied, but Léopard remained for some days, during which the hall of the castle was converted into a chapel, and the Gospel was preached to many, even of the higher classes of the neighbourhood. The Lady of Rioux was converted. She afterwards gave very strong proofs of the reality of her faith.

" IT IS NOT DEATH."

BY MRS SOUTHEY.

11

It is not death-it is not death,

From which I shrink with coward fear;
It is, that I must leave behind

All I love here.
It is not wealth-it is not wealth,

That I am loath to leave behind;
Small store to me (yet all I crave)

Hath fate assigned. It is not fame—it is not fame,

From which it will be pain to part; Obscure my lot, but mine was still

An humble heart. It is not health-it is not health,

That makes me fain to linger here; For I have languished on in pain

This many a year. It is not hope—it is not hope,

From which I cannot turn away; Oh! earthly hope has cheated me

This many a day. But there are friends—but there are friends,

To whom I could not say, “ Farewell !” Without a pang more hard to bear

Than tongue can tell. But there's a thought-but there's a thought,

Will arm me with that pang to cope;
Thank God! we shall not part like those

Who have no hope.
And some are gone-and some are gone-

Methinks they chide my long delay-
With whom, it seemed, my very life

Went half away.
But we shall meet_but we shall meet,

Where parting tears shall never flow;
And when I think thereon, almost

I long to go.
The Saviour wept--the Saviour wept,

O'er him he loved-corrupting clay!
But then he spake the word, and Death

Gave up his prey ! A little while a little while,

And the dark grave shall yield its trust;
Yea, render every atom up

Of human dust.
What matters then-what matters then,

Who earliest lays him down to rest?
Nay, to depart, and be with Christ,"

Is surely best.

MAOLDON-GREEN ACT ÆON, BY THE REV, D. LANDSDOROUGH, STEVENSTON. In a little rocky pool of sea-water near the base of Maoldón betwixt Brodick and Corrie, I discovered, in July 1844, an alga, which seemed new to me. I laid hold of it, and found it no easy matter to detach it from the rock to which it firmly adhered. It turned out to be Codium tomentosum, not rare, I believe, in either England or Ireland, but so rare in Scotland that I have heard of its being found only by Dr Curdie, in the island of Gigha, off Cantyre, and by W. Thomson, Esq., Belfast, in a rock-pool near Ballantrae, in Ayrshire. On taking it out of the water, I observed a 1 greenish gelatinous animal on it, which, without examination, I cast into the pool again, that it might continue to enjoy life. I afterwards saw on the ', Codium two more of the same species, but consider

11 ably smaller; and observing that they were beautifully mottled with azure spots, I deposited them in my tasculum, among the branches of the Codium. When, on reaching home, I put them into a tumbler of sea water, I saw that I had got a rare and beautiful mollusk, discovered by Colonel Montagu on the 'l Devonshire coast, and described by him in “ The || Transactions of the Linnæan Society." These “ Transactions” I had not in my possession; but I found as much as answered my purpose in “ The History of British Animals,” by my philosophical friend, Dr John Fleming, now, I am happy to say, Professor of Natural Science in the Free Church College, Edinburgh, whose most valuable works should be in the hands of every British naturalist. As I kept the Actaon for nearly a week in the tnmbler, where it seemed to browse with great satisfaction on the woolly beard of the Codium, I had good opportunities of observing it, and I found it even more beautiful than I could have supposed. The excellent description found in the “ British Animals" is as follows:* The fore part of the body is like a common Limax (slug"), tentacula or feelers two, flat, but usually rolled up, and appear like cylindric tubes; at a little distance behind the tentacula, on each side, i is a whitish mark, in which is placed a small black eye; the body is depressed, and spreads on each side into a membranaceous fin, but which gradually de creases from thence to the tail. This membraneous part is considerably amorphous, but is usually turned up on the back, and sometimes meeting, though most times the margins are reflected. This, as well as the back, is of a beautiful grass-green colour, marked on the superior part of the fins or membrane with a few azure spots, disposed in rows; the under part with more numerous but irregular spots of the same. The fore part of the head is bifid; the lip marked by a black margin.", With these, my observations in general agree. Its : colour is green

betwixt grass-green and bottle green; but in certain lights it has a considerable : shade of rich puce-colour on the finest velvet. It is beautifully dotted with azure and with gold. The azure spots are small and numerous on all parts of the body and of the fins, and are precisely of the same brilliant azure as the lines on Patella pellucido. The golden spots were confined to the upper parts of the body. They were few in number, but consider

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