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may attempt to laugh away iis evidences; but with the expressed will of all his subjects. when it is pressed home upon him closely and But what is the voice of the united myriads of earnestly, it compels him to be serious, and to the human family to the voice of the Eternal! quail before its revelations. The Word of God “ He saith, and it is done; he commandeth, is every way worthy of its Author_its doctrines and it standeth fast.” His word is the law of are distinguished alike by their sublimity and the universe. All the promises he has revealed excellence, and the simple majesty of its style shall be fulfilled, and all the threatenings he bespeaks the greatness of the Master of the has denounced shall be executed. “The Lord universe. There is something very grand and of hosts hath sworn, saying, Surely as I have imposing in the noise of the sea, when the Lord thought, so shall it come to pass; and as I have

commandeth and raiseth the stormy wind purposed, so shall it stand. The Lord of hosts which lifteth up the waves thereof;" but the hath purposed, and who shall disannul it? and still small voice of the Word, when accom his hand is stretched out, and who shall turn i: panied by the Spirit, produces a far deeper and bark?”Isa. xiv. 24, 27. more permanent inipression. “My flesh trem. IV. The roice of Christ is by many disreyard-d. bleth for fear of thee,” says the Psalmist,“ and low few, as they pass along the beach, ever I am afraid of thy judgments.”—Ps. cxix. 120. think of listening to the dashing of the wares! Even the most abandoned wretch can scarcely Some may mark their various murmurs, and divest himself of the conviction, that there is their magnificent echoes, and, ascending in something in Christianity which is entitled to thought to llim wlio formed the seas, and who his respect. Ile feels that the Author of the sendeth the wind out of his treasuries, may Bible is a God of holiness, that his Word is a contemplate with adoring wonder the glory of discerner of the thoughts and intents of the Jehovah; but upon the mass of individuals, the heart, and that his testimonies are true and noise of the many waters makes no impression. righteous altogether.

And it is thus, too, with the Gospel. Of hon What sound in nature conveys a more vivid many of its ministers may it be said as of idea of the omnipotence of God than that of Ezekiel: “ Thou art unto them as a very lovely the sea, when the waters thereof roar and are song of one that hath a pleasant voice, and can troubled? And even when its surface is com- play well on an instrument: for they hear thy paratively calm, there is an interest attached words, but they do them not!"-Ezek. xxxii. to the murmur of the gentlest wave; for it may 32. Tow many make light of the great salva. be regarded as the utterance of a great monarch tion ! Ilow many listen to the joyful sound, who cannot be controlled, In the days of as to a matter in which they have no interest Noah, wlien the deep burst forth from its ocean even as to the noise of many waters! Many bed, and, sweeping over hill and plain, buried preachers appear to be intrusted with the comall in one dreary deluge, the sound of the ap- inission of Isaiah : “Go and tell this people, proaching waters must have filled an unbe-lear ye indeed, but understand not; and see lieving generation with unspeakable terror. ye indeed, but perceive not. Make the heart They had despised the “ preacher of righteous of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, ness”they could now retire to no ark of safety; and shut their eyes; lest they see with their and, as they heard the rushing of the flood, they eyes, and hear with their cars, and understand must have sunk under a sense of their utter with their heart, and convert, and be healed." helplessness. But there is a day coming when -Isa. vi. 9, 10. the voice of Jesus will be far more appalling even than that sound of many waters; for when

PATIENCE AND IMPATIENCE. Christ shall come in the glory of his father, and all his holy angels with him, how dire shall

(Concluded.) be the confusion of the children of disobedience! Altuoran patience is prized in a family circle, Ilow shall they be consumed with terrors, as

on account of its usefulness, a decided prethey hear the great King saying to them : ference is often evineed for qualities of a very “Depart, ye cursed, into everlasting fire pre- different order, and which take their rise more pared for the devil and his angels !” In the from human passions than from a higher source symbolical language of prophecy, rulers denote - proof undeniable that our thoughts are not as the masses of society, and thus the sound of Ilis who is of purer eyes than to behold inimany waters betokens the noise of many people. I quity. The world's commendations are beHence, in the 10th chapter of Daniel, at the 6th stowed on what is called high spirit, or wit, verse, where we have an account of a manifesta- or genius; but in the sight of God, a meek and tion of Christ somewhat similar to that given quiet spirit is of great price. in the 1st chapter of the Apocalypse, we are Partiality palliates the passionate sallies of told that “the voice of his words was like the the showy or the talented, though fraught with voice of a multitude.The voice of the people pain and discomfort to others." It is readily is an element of tremendous power. The stout- granted that Charles is hasty; but then he is est heart will quake before the shout of an ad so kind and generous withal! llis passion has verse multitude, and the veriest tyrant that drawn tears from the eyes of Mary; but every sits upon a throne cannot venture to trifle body says she is very silly to mind him; he has

PATIENCE AND IMPATIENCE.

435

so kind a heart, and he did not mean any harm.” prised that they should reap the whirlwind.| But he has wounded feelings too delicate for Hos. viii. 7. him to understand. It is perhaps true that he But it is not among the unconverted or the is kind, after his own fashion; when the fit thoughtless alone that the evils of impatience goes off, he may be very sorry, and possibly are seen and felt; neither are they confined to will endeavour to procure a peace-offering. our conduct towards one another. There is a Gold has no charms that can heal lacerated dark point in its fatal history which many are feelings; but, in such a case, their possessor slow to confess, even to themselves—the way will not turn sullenly away from the offer of in which it affects the heart towards God. Bitreconcilement; and the blue hedge flower com ter feelings towards a human creature may be ing with an expression of regret for the past, too manifest for concealment; but who is willwill be as kindly and gladly accepted as the ing to own that his heart rises in rebellion most costly gift. Nothing, however, can make up against his Maker, when he sees fit to deny to a placid spirit for the continual breaks upon wishes, to disappoint hopes, to blight flattering its cherished repose by anothers wayward and prospects, or visit with sore affliction? yet a uncertain temper.

sullen mood or an irritable spirit, under such Examples drawn from the common occur. troubles, are sure indications of this unsancrences of every-day life may appear trivial, in tified frame of mind. The murmurer might treating the subject so seriously; but petty vexa tremble to give utterance to his rebellious tions, which, in some shape, are continually thoughts; but He who scans the inmost recesses crossing our path, disregarded as they are by of the heart, requires no vocal expression to uninterested onlookers, are often more sifting discover our sentiments. There is nothing but to the temper than such trials as will readily | the “ patience of the saints” which is not the be acknowledged great. There is a species of mere product of any earthly temper, however patience that arises from the absence of very amiable, that can carry us with “meekness of acute sensibility. In such instances it will wisdom” through the many trials we may be manifest itself more in a passive than an active called to endure; it is a fruit growing out of manner; and current events do not deeply affect the felt assurance that nothing can happen to such a temperament. But when, on the other / us without the divine permission, and that sehand, patience exists in a sensitive nature, cond causes but subserve the purposes of the many a pang is endured when much is done, great First Canse. and much forborne, and no adequate return It is certain, that no one can be fully exerexperienced. A placid disposition is so pleas- cised in the Christian grace of patience without ing, that, like other good and valuable things, being taught of the Spirit; and much teaching, it has its counterfeits; but as no mere imita even in the school of Clirist, is necessary, before tion can bear a very close scrutiny, an assumed the spirit that “beareth all things, believeth all ineekness will be quickly detected in the things, hopeth all things, endureth all things," crucible of temptation. The patient are not is wrought into the heart, and becomes the very perfect, and those who are naturally gifted with habit of the soul. Gifts, however useful, and a large share of meekness, are little aware of talents, however shining, must yield the palm the hidden malice that may lurk in the unex to the quiet, unobtrusive, but most heavenly, plored recesses of their liearts, if no out ward grace of patience. “In your patience possess trial has yet overtaken them sufficiently fiery ye your souls," said the Pattern of divine perto draw out the dross into open view. Certain fection; and, says his servant Paul, who himfeelings will spring up, in the contemplation of self had need of it in an eminent degree, “ Trikind oilices unrequited by a becoming sense of bulation worketh patience; and patience, extheir value. When these troublesome intruders | perience; and experience, hope." ruffle the wonted composure of the spirit, then When the sinner's eyes are opened, and his it is time to look within.

feet seek the narrow way of eternal life, it is | What has been the object of those fond de- indeed a blessed change; but he will greatly sires thus grievously disappointed? If the mistake his circumstances, if he imagines that moving spring of your actions was merely to he shall meet with no difficulties therein. He please a fellow-creature-to hold a high place in is only commencing a warfare—not celebrating the esteem of others-then there was seltish- a trivinph; and except that the weapons of his ness mingled with self-denial, and ingratitude warfare are not carnal, no child of Adam should to the Giver of every good and perfect gift, ever win the victory. lle has much to learn, in withholding from him the heart's supreme and much to unlearn. Although he hates his affections, and so giving up to the service of the sins, they still cleave to him; the difference creature those energies that should have been is, that whereas they were before no burden, devoted to the Creator. What an affecting ex- , they are now a grievous load, from which he clamation was that of the dying Cardinal Wold desires to be freed. He longs to relinquish sey! “Ilad I served God as diligently as I have them all-he struggles for emancipation from done the king, he would not have abandoned their bondage, and sometimes he is strengthmy grey hairs; but this is my great reward.” ened to overcome those enemies of his soul's Thus those who sow the wind, need not be sur peace, but at others he is, alas ! overcome; he

is not contented, however, to remain a slave, authority. It has since become a standard in Spain, and in the midst of temptation, and partial and has been much read by the higher clases defeat, he will, though faint, be yet pursuing. of society. Thus does God wonderfully provide

agents for carrying forward his own work. Men POPERY IN SPAIN.

cannot exclude the Word, if He purposes it shall be

circulated. If likely agents are awanting, extraorCONCLUDING ARTICLE,

dinary ones—it may be Popish monarchs-shall be

called into the field. ITS DECLINE-EVANGELISTIC EFFORTS.

The next important event, adverse to Popery in Though within these few months there has appeared, Spain, was the suppression of the Inquisition by among the many politico-ecclesiastical changes of Bonaparte in 1808. At that time, it had twenty which Spain has for years been the subject, one in thousand familiars, open and secret agents, laymes favour of the ancient Popish despotism, civil and and ecclesiastics, who, doubtless, counteracted as sacred; yet, regulating our judgment, not by the ex much as possible that circulation of the Scriptures perience of months, but of recent years, it is matter which they could not altogether prevent. Alon: of joy that there has been a decided decay of the power with the abolition of the Inquisition, there was the of Popery-a decay which, it is earnestly hoped, no suppression of the convents to one-third of their foraccidental advantages will ever enable it to recover. mer number. This was scarcely, if at all, less imThe change which has taken place in Spain is not portant. How remarkable, that Bonaparte, no eranlike that which has appeared either in France or in gelical Protestant—if anything, an Infidel-should be Germany—not like the gain of Protestantism against a greater weakener of the power of Popery, than the Popery in the former, through the labours of evan warmest friends of true religion! Prophecy has progelical societies—not like the revolt spreading in the claimed that the destroyers of the Beast are not to be Popish Church itself in the latter, and, without the drawn from the ranks of evangelical Christians, but intervention of Protestants, carrying multitudes over from among her own supporters; and events, so far as to evangelical ground. It is not so far advanced as they have gone, strikingly confirm the prediction. either movement; it is little more than the mere The arrangement is a pleasing one, as showing, among decline of Popery, from its felt absurdity and oppress other things, that the final catastrophe may come sion long continued. There is a spirit of political much more rapidly than faithful Protestants inight liberty, but it is evidently not strong. Popery has otherwise have feared. As indicative, further, of the deprived it of materials for working out its longings decline of Popery, it may be stated, that from 1808 to in a constitutional way, by the low tone to which it 1823—in other words, in fifteen years from the first has degraded the public mind; and hence the decay blow of Napoleon—the friars and nuns of Spain hai of Popery in Spain seems to be rather the result of been reduced one-half, and that the priesthood also passive weariness and exhaustion, than of any strong were seriously impaired in strength. Such was the positive principle, political or religious. Still there spirit of inquiry awakened by public events, that the is decay, and we should be grateful to God whatever king's brother found it necessary, in 1827, to have may be the way in which it is brought about. The Cobbet's caricature of the British Reformation weakening of the great enemy of Christ and of the translated and circulated in Spanish. This is an souls of men, in an interesting land, over which he | indirect testimony, at least, to the dread of the has long tyrannized, is ever important, especially if | awakening spirit of Biblical inquiry in the land. The this be the mode in which the ground is to be cleared Rev. Mr Rule states, that it has been an invariable for a future foundation of good.

practice for the more celebrated Lent-preachers not From the peculiarities of the position of Spain--for only to denounce Protestantism, but to use means to ages the champion of Popery, sealed at every point collect and destroy copies of the Sacred Scriptoresagainst the truth, the abode of the Inquisition when all showing the fear of the Bible and of the reformait had disappeared from other lands—it is plain that, if | tion to which its free circulation necessarily conducts. blessed with favourable change, this must be the Meanwhile, the friends of the Bible in this country result of events not from without, but from within. were not idle, so far as events supplied them with Accordingly, we find that the first propitious event openings into Spain. Little may have resulted from was the translation and circulation of the Scriptures, the translation, or rather paraphrase, of Amat, bishop in a comparatively popular form, about 1790. This of Astorga. Though contributions were raised in was the deed of the king and the government, and Britain to aid him in the work, he does not seem to was very obnoxious to the priesthood generally. have acted a straight-forward and honest part; but They were not, however, backed though they were many thousands of copies of the Scriptures, without by the officers of the Inquisition, able to prevent it, note or comment, found their way into Spain. Who after the public concessions which the Vatican, the has not heard of Borrow's “ Bible in Spain ?" The better to meet the taunts of Protestants as to Rome author's eccentricities may have been great and inesforbidding the reading of the Word of God, had un- plicable, but his zeal in disseminating the Word of wittingly made. This edition of the Spanish Scrip- God was undoubted, and his very eccentricity in such tures has since been repeatedly reprinted in Spain, a country may have contributed to his success. and also in Britain and America. At its first ap Among the political proofs of the progress of pearance, it was prefaced by an excellent essay “ On change, we may refer to the contrast stated by Mr the Reading of the Sacred Scripture in Vulgar Rule between the article of the constitution establishTongues," prepared by Dr Villanueva, under royal | ing the Church of Roine as the national religion in

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1812, and that establishing it in 1837, after a lapse Doctor, who was called on to write a preface recomof twenty-five years.

mendatory of the reading of the Scriptures, in 1791, In the first case, the article was cxclusive and in- incidentally confesses that" here and there, one might tolerant, and ran in these terms :

be found infected with the old contagion of Luther1812.

1837.

anism"--eo difficult is it to root out the truth where " The religion of the “ 'The nation obliges it it has once obtained a footing. To the great honour Spanish nation is, and self to maintain the wor of the Wesleyan Methodist body, who have ever been shall be perpetually, the ship and ministers of the eminently missionary in their spirit, there was a small Catholic, Apostolic, Ro- Catholic religion, which congregation of professing Christians in that connecman-only true. The the Spaniards profess."

tion at Gibraltar, the southern point of Spain, seventy nation protects it by wise | and great laws, and pro

years ago. This body was blessed with a revival of bibits the exercise of any

religion. In the absence of a regular ministry, and other."

disregarding the fancied “apostolic succession," pious The latter article, after an able and wonderfully officers from the British garrison conducted religious enlightened discussion, was carried by one hundred ordinances. When the French Revolution broke out | and twenty-five against thirty-four votes.

in all the horrors of Infidelity, the Gibraltar congreBut, perhaps, the most striking proof of Popish gation numbered one hundred and twenty members, | decline is to be found in the feelings of indifference as many as assembled in the upper room at Jerusalem. I and infidelity with which large numbers of all classes | They were weakened by the military changes which regard the teaching and institutions of the Church were so frequent in those eventful times; but the of Rome, even in the most sacred forins.

chain was never broken. In 1804, the humble conWe have already referred to various proofs of gregation first received the services of a regular irreverence and unbelief. We subjoin another, ex ministry, which has been kept up ever since. To pressive, at least, of great unconcern about the fortunes the deep disgrace of the parties more immediately of the Romish Church. Mr Rule visited Valencia in concerned, the Methodist worshippers were repeat1838, and though it retains much more, externally, of edly persecuted by British officers, instigated by Popery than many others, he states, that “the ruin British chaplains. Methodist soldiers were forbidden of the Church appeared to be witnessed by the popu to walk or converse together; and two of their corlation with profound indifference.” He mentions ex- porals were actually reduced, and received two hunamples: One church was converted into a granary; dred lashes cach, for no offence but attending the heaps of corn covered the marble pavement, and half place of Methodist worship! We are justly indigconcealed the gilded altar. pieces; the pictures of nant at the intolerance of Spain, and wonder at saints, &c., retained their places, but called forth no the execution of a poor Quaker at Valencia, a few symptoms of honour or reverence. In another church, years ago, for no crime save his adherence to his a smith's forge was set up, and three or four men conscientious religious convictions! but where difiers were shoeing horses; the chapels of the building were the case, except in the extent of its severity, from couverted into stalls, and the altars served as mangers, that of the persecuted soldiers at Gibraltar? Surely at which horses were feeding; and the poor beasts the guilt of the British authorities, in the sight of God, tossed their heads before the miraculous picture,' still is not.less, but more aggravated, then that of the unremoved. The spectator was forcibly reminded of benighted Spaniards. the exclamation : Babylon is fallen, is fallen.'" He The faithful Methodists of Gibraltar, seem always adds: “Similar indications of her fall have been, and to have had an eye, more or less decided, to the spitill are, exhibited all over Spain."

ritual good of the natives, as well as to that of their To sum up the whole, Mr Rule, speaking of own countrymen; but it was under the ministry of Spain very recently, says: “ The dissolution of the Mr Rule that the greatest and most successful efforts monasteries, the diminution of the number of the were made. Not satisfied with his labours at Gibparochial priesthood, the transfer of property from raltar, which embraced schools attended by four the Church to the State, the hostile position assumed hundred children, nor with the circulation of the by either party, and the open association of absolute Scriptnres, and the translation and dissemination of monarchy and Papal tyranny, have not merely re-evangelical books, he made more than onc attempt to duced almost to nothing the influence of the priests establish not only schools but Christian congregations,

over the people, but have placed the people over the on the territory of Spain. Such was the blessing of | heads of the priests; and a crisis is brought about God upon his efforts, that at Cadiz he soon had one

which cannot be of long continuance, but must hundred children at a Christian school, and a small, rapidly induce a new state of things."—P. 350. but increasing congregation besides. This, however,

But some may ask: Are there no symptoms of with all his circumspection and prudence, was too spiritual life? Are the only indications of the decay much for even falling Popery to endure; and so, after of Popery to be found in the breaking down of the the Cadiz school had been repeatedly shut by one adverse power, and the spread of the clements of authority and opened by another, he found it necesrenovation? Are there no indications of real spiri- sary to withdraw for the present; not, however, betual building up?" From the circumstances of the fore he had practically proved the important points, case, very little of this can as yet be expected. At that there is a growing religious freedom springing the same time, hermetically sealed as Spain has been up in long-oppressed Spain, and that many of her against the truth of God from the days of the Refor- people would gladly hear the word of life, if only mation, it is interesting to find that the learned | permitted.

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A high testimony to the altered state of feeling, a few days' sail of our shores? No doubt there are civil and religious, in Spain, is to be found in the difficulties in the way of any extensive operations, fact that, provoked by the labours of the friends of Spanish Popery, with all its decline and poverty, is il true religion, a society was, for the first time, formed still very powerful. It is contributing largely to th: in Spain in 1839, entitled “ The Religious Society of spread of Popery in France. Portugal, a twin-sister, Spain,” for the express and avowed purpose of de has shown, in the recent case of Madeira, that persefending the Church of Rome, and counteracting the cution even to death may, if need be, be soon wit! evangelistic efforts then in operation. It is founded nessed in Europe. Mr Rule's correspondence with on the model of similar societies in France-at Paris, Lord Palmerston, in 1839, shows that British subjecu, Lyons, and Circassonne—and is intended to aid the labouring to proselytize in Spain, will enjoy as litte cause of Popery both in Spain and in Heathen lands. protection from British treaty as Lord Aberdeen & Its labours, it is understood, have made little impres-sures us they will enjoy under Portuguese rule. Bot sion;

but its existence shows at once the dread which there are also many encouragements. Spain is mora has been awakened, and the change which has taken

open than it has been for generations. More than ot? place in the public mind. Instead of a summary Spanish priest has lately abandoned the Church of appeal to force - a cry for the Inquisition or the Rome; and Merle D'Aubigné, who has had two d Jesuits—there is a call to the exercise of private judg- them as pupils, declares : “ From what I have seen ment. Arguments and moral suasion are the weapons of these two friends, I do not hesitate to say, that employed.

the Spanish priests seem to be superior in uprightThe reader may wish to see what sort of books Mr

ness to those of other Papal countries.” If not by Rule has translated into Spanish. Besides smaller direct preaching, yet by the circulation of the Scrijpublications connected with the Methodist Church tures, and evangelical books and tracts, not a litik, and worship, and school-books, there are such works with God's blessing, may be accomplished. Whatas Bogue's Essay on the New Testament-a valuable

ever may be done should at least be attempted, and treatise on the Evidences; Nevin's Thoughts on that without delay. Popery; Gurney's Observations on the Sabbath;

ERRATUM. - In the second paper of this series, p. Horne's Romanism Contrary to Holy Scripture; column 2, line 20, for “eleven thousand," read " eieren desLetter on Religious Toleration and the Abuses of dred." Rome; the Four Gospels, translated from the Greek, with Notes; Andrew Dunn--an admirable tract in “A BROTHER BORN FOR ADVERSITY.". the Popish controversy; Christianity Restored; and Hast thou on Pleasure's sunny hill lastly, though not least in importance, Bishop Jewell's

Been lulled to sleep in rosy bowers, Apology, which has been translated by a professor And only waked to drink thy fill of divinity, who, disgusted with the Romish Church,

Of happy day-dreams 'midst its flowers? is longing for the peace and rest of the evangelical And have they vanished like the dew, faith. Referring to his own translations, Mr Rule

When by the wind the grass is shaken, says that there have been, and continue to be, very Or as the passing shadow flew, frequent applications for them, both by inhabitants

Leaving the heart of hope forsaken? of Gibraltar, and strangers of all classes from Spain. Seek not again the airy height, They are dispersed along the coasts, and in many of Where gay illusions cheat the sight; the chief towns of the interior, Madrid included, the But turn thee unto Him who gave Balearic Isles, and the Spanish and French settle His life th' all hopeless else to save. ments in Africa.

Did troops of friends when wealth was thine, We have now finished the object which we had in

With smiles and talk thy table throng, view-to acquaint the Christians of this country with

And eat thy bread, and drink thy wine, the present moral and religious condition of Spain,

And join with thee in dance and song; leaving them to judge, from the information supplied,

But when along thy dark green leaf what is their duty, and the way in which they should

The mildew of misfortune fell, seek to accomplish it. We have made full use of Mr

Fled they with speed thy home of grief, Rule's “ Memoir," because it is the only book on the

All lonely leaving thee to dwell? subject, and because, after ten years' missionary

Mourn not their loss-a craven crew labour in Spain, he is well entitled to be heard with

To Mammon's worship only true : all respect. It is not necessary to say anything re

But turn thee to that faithful Friend commendatory of the object; the facts speak for

Who loves his own-loves to the end; themselves. Suffice it to say, that the claims of our

In want or woe forsakes them nerer, own countrymen sojourning in Spain are not insigni

Sustains them now-enthrones for ever! ficant. British are to be found in considerable num

A. BETHUNE bers in all the sea-ports, and, with the revival of mining industry and the extension of steam naviga

" LORD, IF THOU HADST BEEN THERE!" tion, are rapidly increasing. But the claims of

A TRADITION OF THE CHURCH AT LAODICEA. Spain itself are far more serious. Is it no dishonour to the Churches of Britain and America, that, with

BY MRS HARRIET BEECHER STOWE the exception of the British Churches at Gibraltar,

At the time when the Laodicean Church was in the Mr Rule has for years been the solitary evangelical state described in the first part of the Revelation of agent to above twelve millions of Europeans, within John, lived the Elder Onesiphorus. The world had

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