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A WORD FOR THE RAMBLING HEARER. WHAT SHALL WE DO WITH OUR MONEY? Be sure to be regular in your hearing. “Take heed I REMEMBER a circumstance which took place at the hor you hear" (Luke viii. 18), and " take heed what burning of the steamer “ Washington." "One of the you hear” (Mark iv. 24), and from both will fol- passengers, on the first alarm of tire, ran to his trunk low, that you must take heed whom you hear too. and took from it a large amount of gold and silver Hear those that are most knowing, and best able to coin which he had carefully stowed away, and loaded instruct you—those that are most sound, and least his pockets, ran to the deck, and jumped overboard. likely to mislead you. Do not choose to put your As a necessary consequence he went down immesouls under the conduct of blind guides. Seek for diately. His treasure was his ruin. So we have got the law at their mouths whose lips do best preserve to swim in order to reach the kingdom of heaven; knowledge (Mal. ii. 7); and when you have found and who can estimate the folly of loading our pockets such, keep close to them. Settle yourselves under with the gold and silver which must inevitably carry the guidance of some faithful pastor, upon whose us under? Great riches hedge up the way to eternal ministry you may ordinarily attend. That running life; and God has shown his mercy in providing an to and fro, which is usual among us, is quite an outlet for them, so that they shall not drown us in other than what Daniel speaks of, and, I am sure, perdition. It is worthy of thought, that when his is not the way to increase knowledge.-Dan. xii. 4. people, in years past, would not avail themselves of Rolling stones gather no moss. Such rovers seldom this natural outlet, God opened a mighty waste-gate. hit upon the right way. Such wandering stars may Almost in the twinkling of an eye, the accumulated be soonest bemisted. They that thus run from one wealth of Christians vanished into smoke, at the touch minister to another, may soon run from one opinion of his finger. The waste-gate is again shut; prospeto another, and from one error to another. I dare rity has returned to all our borders. Let us beware safely say, you may get more sound knowledge of the lest, by neglecting the natural channel, we lose our things of God by constant attendance upon the souls, or compel the Lord to open it again. Liberaministry of one of less abilities, than by rambling up lity takes the poison out of riches.-Wisner. and down to hear many, though of the greatest gifts. It is a great advantage to your gaining know

ENERGY OF CHARACTER. ledge, to hear a minister's whole discourse, and be able to take up the full design of his work, and not I LATELY happened to notice, with some surprise, an merely to hear in transitu [“ in passing”] by ivy, which, being prevented from attaching itself to matches--to pick up here a notion and there a notion, the rock beyond a certain point, had shot off into a or hear one man's doctrine in the morning, and bold elastic stem, with an air of as much indepenanother's application in the afternoon. It is no won dence as any branch of oak in the vicinity. So a huder if men that run to and fro be " tossed to and man being thrown, whether by cruelty, justice, or fro." They that are so light of hearing may easily accident, from all social support and kindness, if he be “ carried about with every wind of doctrine." has any vigour of spirit, and is not in the bodily deEph. iv. 14. The Word of Christ seldom dwells in bility of either childhood or age, will instantly begin such vagabond hearers. -Cripplegate Lectures.

to act for himself, with a resolution which will ap

pear like a new faculty.-Foster. GEMS FOR CHRISTIAN MINISTERS. HELP me, thou Friend of sinners, to be nothing, to

Miscellaneous. say nothing, that thou mayest say and do everything, and be my all in all.— Whitefield.

A LITTLE error of the eye, a misguidance of the We want nothing but the return of apostolical sim- hand, a slip of the foot, a starting of a horse, a sudplicity, self-denial, and love, to bring Pentecostal den mist, or a great shower, or a word undesignedly effusions of the Spirit upon our ministrations.- cast forth in an army, has turned the stream of Bridges.

victory from one side to another, and thereby disposed Our preaching ought to be above the rate of moral of empires and whole nations. No prince ever returns philosophers. Our divine orator should fetch not safe out of a battle, but may well remember how only his speculations and notions, but his materials many blows and bullets have gone by him that might for practice, from the evangelical writings; this he easily have gone through him; and by what little oda, must do, or else he is no minister of the New Testa- unforeseen chances death has been turned aside, which ment.-Edwards.

seemed in a full, ready, and direct career to have been them.- Felton. Steep your sermons in your heart before you preach posting to him. All which passages if we do not

acknowledge to have been guided to their respective

ends and effects by the conduct of a superior and a Choose rather to touch than to charm-to convert than to be admired—to force tears than applause. providence, strip the Almighty of his noblest prero

divine hand, we do by the same assertion cashier all Give up everything to secure the salvation of your gative, and make God, not the governor, but the mere hearers.--Gisbert.

spectator of the world.-South. You must rather leave the ark to shake as it shall please God, than put unworthy hands to hold it up. Haydn, how it happened that his church music was

When the poet Carpani inquired of his friend --Bacon.

always so cheerful, the great composer made a most Our work is to open the oracles of God, even those beautiful reply: '“I cannot,” he said, “ make it pacred profound things that angels search into; and otherwise. I write according to the thoughts I feel; if God did not help us, we might soon sink under the when I think upon God, my heart is so full of joy weight of such a burden.- Watson.

that the notes dance and leap, as it were, from my Antonius, archbishop of Florence in the fifteenth pen; and since God has given me a cheerful heart, century, after a long and laborious life, often in his it will be pardoned me that I serve him with a dying moments declared, as he had frequently done cheerful spirit

. The reader who is acquainted in health, “To serve God is to reign.”—Church His with the works of Haydn will bear testimony to the tory.

practical truth of this anecdote.-British Magazine. Let your life be a commentary on your sermons. PROSPERITY is a bad nurse to virtue—a nurse which

is like to starve it in its infancy.--South.


into the garden--to the judgment-seat-to Golgotha. Daily Bread.

Behold him on the cross-hear his strong sighs and

groans—they will break thy heart, if anything will; FRIDAY.

and broken it must be. "And why did God sufier Cast thy burden upon the Lord, he will sustain thee.'. his beloved Son, in whom he was well pleased,' to Ps. lv. 92.

be thus tormented ?" Why?- God would rather He has pardons to impart,

afflict him for a time, than lose our souls for ever. Grace to save thee from thy fears;

· And why did Christ, who might have chosen otherSee the love that fills his heart, And wipe away thy tears !

wise, so freely give his cheeks to the smiters?""

Why? --- only he had set his love upon our souls, Till you come to Christ, peace cannot come to you. which he would not suffer to perish.- Pinks. Christ and peace are undivided. You have tried other ways, you have tried duties, and no rest comes;

TUESDAY. why will you not try the way of faith? Carry the burden to Christ.-Flavel.

"Now is the day of salvation."—2 Cor. vi. 2.

Come, then, ye sinners, to your Lord

In Christ to paradise restored ;

His proiler'd benefits embrace “ To everything there is a season."—Eccles. lil. L.

The plenitude of Gospel grace.
Seize all occasions as they pass,

Like a woman I have heard of, who, when her
Arid use them for the Lord;

house was on fire, was very busy in saving of her Sinners, cre now, have been aroused By one well-spoken word

stuff-carrying out with all her might as much as she

could. At last she bethought herself of her child, Though it is precept, not providence, that makes which was left in a cradle; but when she retuned duty, yet providence points to duty--to the time and

to look after that, she found that the fire had deseason of it. Much of our duty lies in complying stroyed it: and there she was, first aware of her prewith the opportunity and occasion that providence

posterous care for her goods before her child, rangives for the doing of this or that good work.


ning up and down as one distracted, crying: “ My are never more obliged to our duty, than when we child, my child !” as David for his son Absalom. Sir, have the fittest opportunity to perform it; and we alas! when it is too late, all that neglect their son's must eye providence in this. It is the prerogative of in this life will howl out in the midst of their scoren. God to appoint times and seasons, not only for his ing flames: “O my soul, my soul! I would I bid own purposes, but for our duty. He appoints the day; died for thce, my dear and precious soul!”-Hil. and the things of the day-what and when it shall be done. Should you order a servant to do a busi

WEDNESDAY. ness to-day, and he should not do it till the next day,

* Whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth,"_HEB. xii. 6. would you not count such an one a disobedient ser

Wash out my stains, retine my dross, vant, because he observed not your time?- Vinke.

Nail my affections to the cross ;
Hallow each thought; let all within

Be clean, as thou, my Lord, art clean!

The devil deals with unwary men, like some cheat-
- Hear the word of the Lord."-Josh. lii. 39.
Again our weekly labours end,

ing gamester, who, having drawn in an unskilful arri And we the Sabbath's call attend ;

wealthy novice into play, suffers him to win awhile, Improve, our souls, the sacred rest,

at the first, that he may, at the last, sweep away all And seek to be for ever bless'd !

the stakes, and some rich manors to boot. It is a It is not enough to say, We are all present to hear great judgment of God, to punish sinners with wel the sermon; but you must say, with Cornelius and fare, and to render their lewd ways prosperous : his company: “ We are present to hear all things wherein, how contrary are the Almighty's thoughts commanded us of God." And in a special manner to theirs! Their seeming blessings are his heavy you must be ready to hear and obey his “great com curse, and the start of his stripes are a favour too mand, of believing on the name of his Son," which good for them to enjoy., To judge wisely of our conis the great end of preaching and hearing.' Where- dition, it is to be considered, not so much how we fore, when Christ knocks by his word at the door of fare, as upon what terms. If we stand right with your heart, be ready to open and welcome him in Heaven, every cross is a blessing, and every blessing with joy. Say to him, as Laban to Abraham's servant : a pledge of future happiness: it we be in God's dis “ Come in, thou blessed of the Lord; wherefore stand- favour, every one of his benefits is a judgment, and est thou without?" Though, alas ! I cannot say every judgment makes way for perdition.-Hall. what follows: “I have prepared the house,” yet, Lord, come in and prepare it for thyself; and though

THURSDAY. “I be unworthy that thou shouldst come under my

"I am thy shield and exceeding great reward. -Gen. xv. I. roof,” yet a word from thee can cleanse and repair

He calls a worm his friend the house, yea, and “ prepare an upper room” for

He calls hin self my God; thyself. Lord, speak the word, and it shall be done.

And he shall save me to the end, - Willison.

Through Jesus' blood.

Every individual Christian hath a propriety in a MONDAY.

community; as every person enjoys the whole sun to "The love of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord," himself, so every believer possesseth whole God to Rom. viii. 39.

himself. The Lord hath land enough to gire all his Poor helpless souls the bounteous Lord

heirs. Throw a thousand buckets into the sea, and Relieves, and fills with plenteousness :

there is water enough in the sea to fill them; though He sets the mournful prisoners free

there be millions of saints and angels, there is enough! He bids the blind their Saviour see.

in God to fill them.-- Watson. “ Behold, how he loved him!” could they say when our Saviour shed but a few tears for Lazarus; but much more, when he shed all the blood in his body Edinburgh: Printed by Jons JOHNSTONE, residing at 12 for our souls, we may well say: "Behold, how he

Windsor Street, and Published by him at 2. Hunter loved them !" Go with Christ a little-cannot ye

Square. London: R. GROOMBRIDGE & Sons. watch an hour with him? To contemplate this, go

gow : J. R. M'NAR & Co.; and to be had of any Book ; seller throughout the Kingdom.





The question, How do you know the Scriptures, character, and work. Now, on examining these to be the Word of God ? is one of paramount im- records of antiquity, we find that the books of portance to the best interests of markind, and the New Testament are quoted as the producyet we have no reason to doubt that there are tions of the writers whose names they bear, by many professing Christians who are totally Christian authors of the first century, several unable to return to it a satisfactory answer. of whom had known and conversed with the Their belief in the inspiration of the Bible is apostles and immediate disciples of Christ; founded, not upon knowledge, but upon tradi. that they were uniformly spoken of in terms tion and authority. It was long ago observed expressive of the highest respect, as inspired by Baxter, that “few Christians among us have compositions; that they were publicly read and any better than the Popish implicit faith on expounded in the religious assemblies of the this point, nor any better arguments than the early Christians; that they were in very early Papists have, to prove the Scriptures the Word times collected into a distinct volume, and disof God. They have received it by tradition, tinguished by appropriate names and titles of zodly ministers and Christians tell them somit respect; that commentaries were anciently s impious to doubt of it; therefore they believe composed upon them, harmonies were formed it. Though we could persuade people never so out of them, and translations of them were confidently that Scripture is the very Word of made into different languages; that they were God, and yet teach them no more reason why received, not only by orthodox Christians, but they should believe this than any other book to by heretics of various descriptions, and were be that Word, as it will prove in them no right appealed to as authorities in inatters of doctrine way of believing, so it is in us no right way of and controversy; that even the early adverteaching." It must be evident that a super- saries of Christianity have never questioned structure based on such a foundation will not the genuineness of the sacred books, but speak stand in the day of temptation and trial; and of the Gospels as the composition of the evanat the present moment, when the abettors of gelists ; that formal catalogues of the Scriperror and impiety are manifesting such un. tures were formed by private individuals, and wonted activity and zeal—when Infidel and by councils, from which it appears that the Socialist publications are widely diffused, and same books were then received which are at the most strenuous efforts are made to lead the present acknowledged; and, finally, that they young and inexperienced to inake shipwreck were carefully distinguished from all spurious of faith and a good conscience, it surely concerns productions. every Christian that he be able, and “ ready “ When Christian advocates merely tell us," always to give an answer to every man that says Paley, “ that we have the same reason for asketh him a reason of the hope that is in him." believing the Gospels to be written by the

In pursuing our inquiries into the inspiration evangelists whose names they bear, as of the Sacred Scriptures, the first point to be have for believing the Commentaries to be considered is, Are these books genuine? in other Cæsar's, the Æneid to be Virgil's, or the Orawords, are they the writings of the persons whose tions Cicero's, they content themselves with names they bear, or to whom they are ascribed ? an imperfect representation. They state noNow this must be ascertained precisely in the thing inore than what is true, but they do not same way as the genuineness of any other an state the truth correctly. In the number, cient writing is determined — by an examina. variety, and early date of our testimonies, we tion of contemporary testimony. We go back far exceed all other ancient books. For one to the period at which the work in question which the most celebrated Greek or Roman bears to have been written, and inquire whether writer can allege, we produce many.” So nuit is mentioned, or quoted, or referred to in the merous and ample, indeed, are the testimonies writings of those who either lived in the same of the early Christian writers to the genuineage, or so little posterior to it that they must ness of the Sacred Scriptures, that, according have had ample opportunities of forming a to Dr Lardner, there are more and larger quocorrect opinion on the subject. The same plan tations of the New Testament in the writings of must be adopted when we come to inquire into Tertullian alone, than there are of all the works the genuineness of the Sacred Scriptures. We of Cicero in writers of all characters for several must appeal to the Christian writers of the first ages. ages to determine whether or not these writings We have no reason to believe that the early were composed by the apostles and disciples of Christians were easily induced to acquiesce in Christ, and by them delivered to the world as the claims made in behalf of certain books to an authentic account of their Master's life, and be received as inspired compositions, or that

October 31, 1845.


No. 36.

these claims were either admitted or rejected corroborated by that of Philo the Jew, of Aits without discrimination. The interests they had andria, who was contemporary with our Saviour, at stake were of too great magnitude to make it and why quotes or refers to nineteen books of at all likely that in a matter of such transcen- the Old Testament, and by the evidence of dent importance they would act either care- Josephus, the Jewish historian, who was colessly or rashly. They had left all to follow temporary with the apostles. We can trace Christ. For his sake they had forfeited all these Scriptures three hundred years before they once held dear in life--the favour of their the advent of Christ, to the time when they relatives and friends—the hope of wealth, and were translated into Greek; and in that translafame, and preferment, of ease and security; tion, known by the name of the Septuagint, are and had subjected themselves to contempt, and the same books that are at present found in ridicule, and scorn-to open and violent hosti- the Hebrew copies of the Scriptures. It can lity-to the dungeon, the cross, and the stake. not be doubted that they were in existence a Can we believe that, in these circumstances, the termination of the Babylonish captivity, they would have risked their all upon an un- about which time the canon was completed by certainty-that they would have periled their the writings of Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi; happiness here and hereafter, without exer- for the “ Book of the Law of Moses” is oftea cising the utmost care in distinguishing whether referred to in the writings of Ezra and Nehe the records of the life and doctrines of Him to miah. It was publicly read, in their days, in follow whom they had left everything dear and the congregations of the people; and, in obes valuable, were genuine or false ?

dience to its precepts, the Jews put away the We know, in point of fact, that the primi- strange wives which they had married. It ex. tive Christians were cautious and discriminating isted in the days of Josiah, when a copy was in acknowledging the authority of those writ- found in the temple-probably the identica! ings which claimed to be regarded as part of the copy which Moses deposited in the tabernacle. inspired record. In the early ages there were We trace it in the reign of Hezekiah, when all many spurious Gospels and Epistles, claiming to things were done "according to the Law of have proceeded from the Spirit of inspiration, Moses, the man of God;" and in the reign of whose claims were rejected. We know, like- Jehoshaphat, who sent judges through the land, wise, that the authority of some of the books who had “the Book of the Law of the Lord which have been admitted into the Sacred Canon with them,” and “ taught the people.” It mus was called in question by some. But, as it has have been composed prior to the separation of been justly said by Dr Dick, “these facts, in the kingdoms of Israel and Judah-a period of stead of creating any suspicion with respect to three hundred and seventy-seven years from the our present Scriptures, serve to confirm us in captivity, and nine hundred and seventy before the belief that they are authentic. They prove the birth of Christ, otherwise it is impossible t; that the Church did not rashly give credit to account for the existence of the Samaritas the pretence of inspiration, but examined it copy, and for its reception as an inspired record with the most scrupulous care; in consequence by the revolted tribes—the hereditary hos.iof which caution, some inspired books were not lity between the rival communities renderir: at once received in every part of the Christian | the reception of the Jewish books by the Sa world, and others which assumed the names of maritans at any later period altogether im. apostles, being found spurious, were rejected. possible. Moreover, the Law of Moses was A proneness to believe, and a disposition to unfavourable to the designs of the Israelitis) scepticism, are alike unfavourable to the dis- monarchs. It allows no separation of tribes covery of truth. The primitive Church neither It supposes all the descendants of Jacob united received nor rejected all the books which laid in one body--having one law, one ritual, one claim to inspiration, but admitted or excluded high priest, and one place of worship, to which them after the evidence on both sides had been they were all commanded to repair three times maturely considered. A spirit of discrimination a-year. If, then, it was not acknowledged by was exercised ; and we may have the greater the Ten Tribes before their separation, we can confidence, therefore, in the canon which was not conceive it possible that it could have been finally agreed upon.”

received by them after that event had taken The genuineness of the books of the Old Tes place. It must have existed in the reigns of tament is established in a precisely similar man David and Solomon; for we find the former, be

In the days of our Saviour we find these fore his death, charging the latter“ to keep the books existing, and arranged in three classes, statutes and commandments, the judgments the Law, the Prophets, and the Holy Writings and testimonies of the Lord, as it is written ---an arrangement to which he seems to have in the Law of Moses.” It must have been alluded, when he said to his disciples : “ These composed before the commencement of the are the words which I spake unto you, while I monarchy; for the form of government which was yet with you, that all things must he ful. it exhibits is not regal. It notices kingly filled, which were written in the Law of Moses, government as an innovation which the people and in the Prophets, and in the Psalms, concern wonld introduce, and lays the kings under re. ing me."--Lake xxiv. 44. This testimony is strictions which must have been equally irk




come to their sensuality and their ambition. ness of the books of Moses may be drawn from During the succession of the judges, the law of the manner in which they are arranged. They Moses was the rule according to which they are written, for the most part, in the manner governed the people; and this was the charge of a journal, exactly as an eye-witness would be of Joshua to the Israelites : “ Be ye very cou- likely to write, but very different from the manrageous to keep and to do all that is written in

ner in which the compilation of an author, writthe Book of the Law of Moses, that ye turn noting in a later age, would have been constructed. aside therefrom to the right hand or to the “ The Pentateuch, not only in connection with left.” All the other Jewish books, therefore, laws, records the occasions which respectively pre-suppose the existence and truth of the gave rise to them, but in later passages it rebooks of Moses; and“ unless the whole history peals laws prescribed in earlier, or changes or of the Israelites be rejected as a forgery-and abrogates them; a course in which it is not on better ground we might reject the history easily conceivable that any one should proceed of the Greeks and Romans--the repeated re who did not live at the time of their enactment, ferences which are made to the Law of Moses, repeal, or change.” Compare this with the

plainly with no design but to appeal to it as the manner in which the very same events are nar| law of the land, furnish sufficient evidence that rated by Josephus: “ All things,” says he,“ are

it existed not as a tradition, but in writing from written by me as he [Moses] left them, nothing his own time down to the close of the Old Tes- being added for the sake of ornament, nor tament Scriptures.”

which Moses did not leave; but I have made We cannot, indeed, as in the case of the New the innovation of arranging everything a freeably to Testament Scriptures, prove the genuineness its subject. For by him the things written were

of the books of Moses by the testimony of left without arrangement, just as he had obi contemporary writers. If there were any at tained them severally from God.” In precisely that remote period, which may reasonably be the same manner are the details given respect. doubted, their works and their very names ing the construction of the tabernacle. In the have long since been buried in oblivion. “ The first place, the most minute directions are reJews, as a nation,” says Bishop Sumner, “were corded as to the manner in which it was to be always in obscurity—the certain consequence, constructed, as if for the purpose of instructing not only of their situation, but of the peculiar the artists how to perform the work; and then, constitution and jealous nature of their govern- with the same minuteness, it is related how inent. Can it, then, reasonably be expected these orders were executed; whereas Josephus that we should obtain positive testimony con confines himself to a description of the general cerning this small and insulated nation from arrangement and effect of the edifice, as we foreign historians, when the most ancient of would naturally expect a writer to do who lived these whose works remain lived more than a after its construction. We can account for thousand years posterior to Moses !

Can we

these differences only on the supposition that look for it from the Greeks, when Thucydides the accounts given in the books of Moses were has declared that, even respecting his own written by an eye-witness, and by an eye-witcountrymen, he could procure no authentic ness whose business it was to superintend and record prior to the Trojan war? or from the direct every circumstauce of what he has Romans, who had scarcely begun to be a people described. when the empire of Jerusalem was destroyed, Finally, unless we admit that “the Book of and the whole nation reduced to captivity ?" the Law of Moses” was in reality written by When Heathen writers, however, such as Taci- the great Jewish legislator, it is impossible to tus and Juvenal, do speak of Moses and his Law, account for its reception by the Jews at any they do so in a manner which plainly indicates subsequent period of their history. If it was that they regarded his writings as genuine. not the work of Moses, it must be a forgery

If we turn from the external to the internal imposed upon the nation in his name. This evidence for the genuineness of the books of could not have been done during his life, or dioses, we find that the style is of a simple shortly after his death. If a forgery at all, it character, agreeing with the supposition of a must have been fabricated at a period long remote age, and that the tone and structure of subsequent to the age of the Jewish lawgiver. the composition are such as we might expect And if so, how can we account for the unifrom a man placed in the situation in which it versal credit and authority which it obtained represents Moses as placed. “The order of among the Jews? The events which it related discourse," says Jahn, “is not everywhere the were of the most remarkable kind; and the most convenient; it frequently runs on in broken laws and institutions founded on them were so and unconnected fragments, many of which are important, and of such a singular nature, that wound up with distinct conclusions. All this they never would have been received by any shows a writer distracted by a multiplicity of nation unless supported by the clearest evidence, business, writing not continuously, but with fre- and prescribed by an authority entitled to imquent interruptions, and in the constant antici- plicit obedience. They inculcated the perforpation of interruption.”

mance of rites and ceremonies minute, tedious, Another conclusive argument for the genuine- and burdensome. “They prescribed usages

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