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THE SCHOOLS OF THE PROPHETS.

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the Jewish people were the cities of the Levites. enjoyed a prophetic education. “I am a husbandThe curse pronounced upon Levi by Jacob his father, man; for man taught me to keep cattle from my “that he should be divided in Jacob and scattered in youth.” The prophetic spirit did not ordinarily fall Israel," was thus changed into a blessing. In every upon any except such as had passed through this tribe these Levitical cities were found, and the means preparatory discipline; hence the admiration and surof education for the Levitical office existed; nor is it prise which was occasioned by Saul's being made to certain that others did not share in the advantages prophesy, which gave rise to the proverb: “Is Saul of instruction with the sons of Levi. After the race also among the prophets?" of prophets, there arose also the schools of the pro Whether the call to the prophetic office was bephets, in divers places both of Israel and Judah. fore or after their education, seems not entirely cerThere was a noted school of this kind at Naioth, near tain; but if we may judge from the case of Elisha, Ramah, the residence of Samuel, over which he pre- it preceded a devotion to a life of study, as is ordisided. There was another at Bethel, and another at narily the case now. “Elisha was ploughing with Jericho, in which Elijah, and after him Elisha, was twelve yoke of oxen before him, and he with the president and teacher. Another of these schools twelfth : and Elijal passed by him, and cast his mantle existed at Gilgal, where the "sons of the prophets" | over him.” Elisha at once left all secular employare represented as “sitting before Elisha.” And ments, became the attendant and disciple of Elijah; not in Israel only, but in Judah likewise, wag God seems to have assisted him in presiding over the proknown. There was a college in Jerusalem where “Hul- phetical schools, and in about ten years from the dah the prophetess" dwelt. And it has been thought time of his call became his successor in the presithat Gad, Nathan, Heman, and Jeduthun were dency of the same. teachers in such institutions; that they selected the The education the song of the prophets went most promising of the young Levites, and the Naza- through, seems to have consisted in the study of the rites, with those who seemed called of God to the divine law, and also, in a great measure, in those exoffice of the prophet, and trained them up in those ercises of devotion by which their piety was nurtured habits of intellectual culture, and that acquaintance and increased. We often read of them as engaged with the Word of God, which would qualify them in praising God and prophesying “ with a psaltery, for usefulness in their future lives.

a tabret, and a pipe, and a harp, before them.” The number of pupils in these schools was by no The prophetical impulse might descend temporameans small. Fifty men of the sons of the prophets rily upon one not truly pious; as was the case with stood to view afar off when Elijah smote the waters Balaam with Caiaphas, and Saul. It might descend of the Jordan with his mantle, and when he ascended upon one not trained by discipline. But when to the to heaven in a chariot of fire. They lived together special influence of the Spirit of God were added a in the same dwelling—which under Elisha they were character of eminent piety, and a mind filled with obliged to enlarge, because the place became too strait intelligence respecting all things desirable for men for them; they ate at the same table, and were sup to know, who taught the people and stood before ported in a great measure by the voluntary contribu- kings as counsellors in matters of state, it is plain tions of the people of God. The man of Baal-shalisha, their influence with men would be the more commandin a season of famine, brought to Elisha, at the ing; and that to the reverence they would have for school in Gilgal," bread of the first-fruits, twenty them, as moved by the Holy Ghost, there would be loaves of barley, and full ears of corn;" which the added the awe which true holiness inspires, and that prophet ordered his servant to set before the song of respect which knowledge is sure to command. Their the prophets, that they might eat. From the excla- original genius and previous education is perceived mation of the servant, we learn that there were at in their style, though this was doubtless greatly that time one hundred men members of the school. heightened in all its qualities of force and beauty by

These scholars were called "sons of the prophets," the divine influence under which they wrote. For as among the Greeks students of medicine were the Apostle Peter informs us, with particularity and called “ sons of the physicians," and were accustomed emphasis, that holy men of old spake as they were to address the prophet who taught them by the moved by the Holy Ghost. Their education would name of “Father.” Thus Elisha, the pupil of Elijah, assist them to know what counsel to give, when not called his former instructor, at the moment when he under the prophetic impulse; while the Holy Spirit, was snatched away from him, “My father! my whose special operation seems not to have been father! the chariot of Israel, and the horsemen constant, would reveal to them future events which thereof !” Thus, while he lamented over his own it was important for the Church to understand, and great loss, expressing his sense of the importance of those sublime truths which it was impossible that Elijah's influence over the nation, by calling him human reason should ever discover. the chariot and horsemen which defended Israel; The residences of prophets were the resort of the giving utterance in these words to that pregnant people for religious instruction, especially at those truth-that religious knowledge and true piety are a times when degeneracy had crept into the priestly better defence to a nation than all the armaments of and Levitical orders. The Shunamite's husband asks

her " wherefore she would go to the man of God It was God's ordinary method to call to the pro- that day, seeing it was neither new moon nor Sabphetical office those who had been educated in these bath;” thus showing that on these days of religious schools. When the call fell upon other persons not worship it was her practice to resort thither. From so educated, it is mentioned as something out of the this circumstance, probably, the place of public teachordinary course of the divine administration. Amos ing was called “the bill of God;" and from its also was so called. He says: “I was no prophet, neither being the place of the prophetic school, “the hill was I a prophet's son”-i.e., was not educated in the of the teacher." These schools and places of worprophetic schools; " but I was a husbandman, and a ship, we judge to have been the original of those gatherer of sycamore fruits; and the Lord took me synagogues which were erected after the captivity, as I followed the flock; and the Lord said unto me, and which, in their turn, became the model of the Go, prophesy to my people Israel.” And in Zecha- Christian churches under the Gospel. This associariah, the false prophets, being in danger of a signal tion of places of religious instruction for the people retribution for their fraud and presumption, disclaim at large, with places of education for persons trainutterly the prophetic office. In doing so they men ing for stations in the Church, may have been the tion, to establish their assertion, that they had not reason why schools were connected with the syna

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gogues at a subsequent period of Jewish history. For we find that it became the practice to attend the GERMANY—THE NEW CATHOLIC CHURCH. worship of the synagogue on the morning of the Sabbath, and to resort to the school in the evening to hear a lecture from the presiding Rabbi.

SECOND ARTICLE These schools of the prophets we have now de. Now, as to the character of the present movement. scribed are called by Lightfoot, “universities and colleges of students.” But in our view they resemble, There have been a great variety of intiuences at in some principal points, the theological seminaries work in Germany, in former years, which have had of the present day far more than they do our institu- the effect of partially preparing the way for it. Ceru tions for general education. “ The study which tain it is, the seed has not fallen upon barren ground; chicfly occupied these sons of the prophets, was doubtless that of the Divine Word; and the tongues

and who can tell but that now, after long years of of their teachers were as “the pen of a ready writer." expectancy, we may soon be privileged to see the Undoubtedly they were employed upon the positive fruits of many seed-times ripening into one rich and meaning and practical import of divine revelation. common harvest? One may hope that, by God's blessIf sacred history were the subject of their discourse, ing, at a time of general excitement and awakening it was doubtless for the purpose of tracing, in some like the present, the results of many struggles may be edilying manner, the footsteps of Jehovah, or of developed which at the time seemed to have been folconcluding from things past upon those which were future. Then the mysteries of the Aaronic priest-lowed by no manifest or general blessing from above. hood, and of the ceremonial law, we may suppose,

Some of these influences referred to are of a gereformed another subject of instruction in the schools ral kind, and are to be sought for in the past history of the prophets. Thus, the bleeding Lamb of God, of Germany, and the character of its people; while that was to bear and take away the sins of the world, others are more of a local and temporary naturc. might be presented to them in the exposition of the sacrificial institutions. Moreover, as their religious

It is quite well known that often since the peace and civil codes were intermingled, especially under of Westphalia, and still more since the French Re the theocracy, the one would not be studied without volution, the Catholic Church in Germany has been the other; neither can we suppose the study of their as little disposed to the doctrine of implicit subjecown language would be neglected, especially as it tion to the Romish See as the Church in France. was the most sacred tongue in the world. Their for this there was a twofold ground. In the first studies would also be connected with devotion, very differently from the popular studies of the present place, the intense nationality of its people, opposing day. The spirit would be sought after, and not itself to the subjection of a foreign power; and, in the merely the letter. The depths of true wisdom would second place, their character as a thinking natior, be sounded; and thus treasures of things new and utterly precluding their blind adherence to a system old would be brought forth by sanctified intellect. which they were required not to canvass but to acThese institutions provided the country with many enlightened teachers. And even had they not done cept and believe. Indeed, in no country does it seem So, still their very existence answered a high and

a harder thing for Popery to remain stationary and holy purpose. They were the depositories of Israel- undisturbed. The very fact of their clergy being itish light and justice; they shone as luminaries in a taught at universities where there is also a Protes crooked and perverse nation; and reproved

apostasy tant faculty (as at Bonn and other places) exercises more severely by their example, than could have necessarily a liberalizing influence over their studies been done by the most powerful language. Their and thoughts; while, generally, the advanced state quiet but mighty influence served to oppose the influence of surrounding heathen darkness. They were

of education among the people, renders any attempt also a spiritual asylum, wherein spiritual mourners to establish a spiritual despotism of ignorance and might find instruction, comfort, and peace. And superstition, like that of Italy or Spain, quite out who shall say what streams of living waters, from of the question. these fountains of Israel, refreshed and fertilized the country at large !" « The Lord was pleased to

And then, again, as to the more local movements, have ready such assemblies of his saints, from which, several such have occurred in Germany since the when he saw good, he might select a messenger for peace. For example, the one among the clergy in himself, endowed

with all human preparatives, when- Silesia and Baden, as to the removal of the law of ever these were deemed requisite." --Howe.

celibacy; and still more especially the movements

headed by Wessenberg in Constance, and Sailer in REDEMPTION.

Ratisbon. Our space does not permit us to enter And did He rise ? into details at present on these interesting movements

, Hear, O ye nations ! hear it, О ye dead!

and we accordingly stay only to specify one—that of He rose, He rose! He burst the bars of death!

Hermes, late professor of Catholic Theology in Bont. Lift up your heads, everlasting gates, And give the King of glory to come in.

This movement acquires an additional interest, from Who is the King of glory? He who left

the fact that the late Bishop of Breslau was depaeed His throne of glory for the pang of death! by the present Pope for giving countenance to his Lift up your heads, ye everlasting gates ! doctrines; which, accordingly, are well known in the And give the King of glory to come in.

district of the present doings of Ronge and his folWho is the King of glory? He who slew

lowers. The ravenous foe that gorged all human race ! The King of glory, He whose glory filled

Hermes acquired a deserved reputation as a theo Heaven with amazement at his love to man,

logian, and taught for many years to vast audiences. And with divine complacency beheld

His influence was such, that he was looked on as the Powers most illumin'd, wildered in the theme. founder of a new school in Catholic theology-the

Young. fundamental principles of which allowed greater in

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dependence and freedom of thought on religious simultaneously throughout Germany, a series of matters than had previously been thought compa movements followed, all characterized by the same tible with the claims of the Church, as infallibly de-heart-hatred of Rome, and determination to occupy termining both the spirit and the letter of her dogmas. a position of independence and religious freedom. He laid it down as an axiom, that all belief presup But while this has been the case, the very same posed doubt, and, in fact, that any rational belief, cause has contributed to the mired character of the worthy of the name, was only attainable through movement of which we have spoken, and accordingly doubt. Accordingly, in his theological course, instead its importance, as yet, is to be estimated much more of merely expounding the ipse dixit of the Church, from its determined opposition to Romanism than he set himself in earnest to the calm balancing of evi from its positively evangelical character as a whole. dence in favour of or against particular doctrines,with- The motives which have actuated the separatists out prejudging them as already settled and unalter- have been as various as the circumstances that led able. Now, although he did not attain the length each to consider a separation necessary; and it is of openly denying the authority of the Church, as easy to conceive that, under a vast organized system the ultimus arbiter in religious matters; still, it is like the Romnish Church over Germany, the influences erident that the tendency of such a method in theo- at work, in different cases, would be of the most oppology was, to produce a healthy scepticism in matters site kinds. Accordingly, so it has turned out; for while of faith, which could not but have its influence on with many-and we are glad to find an increasing the whole cast of a theological and religious system. number—the influences at work have been throughHermes died, as he had lived and taught, in great out evangelical, with others they have been more honour and esteem. He had tinctured the whole of a rationalistic, and with others more peculiarly theology of Bonn. Almost all his students were, in of a political, character. Meanwhile, be it remarked, reality, his disciples; and far and wide in the Rhine that if actual facts were required to disprove the provinces, and over Germany, among clergy and boasted unity of the Romish Church, they are to be laity, the number of his adherents was very great. found in rich abundance in such a case as this, where Up to the period of his death, no obstruction on the the utterly heterogeneous character of the elements part of the officials of the Church had been inter- at work under this mere appearance of outward uniposed to the teaching and propagation of his doc- formity—of mere external organization—is brought trines. It was not till some time subsequently (Sep- palpably to view. What is to be thought of the tember 1835) that a bull was issued, declaring Hermes character of the Church that, while professing to be a pestilent heretic, and ranking his books among one and indivisible, still keeps pent up within it, by the libri prohibiti. The reaction of Catholic feeling the mere power of superincumbent pressure, inon the Rhine, consequent on the affair of the Arch- fuences so various and opposed, some having the bishop of Cologne as to mixed marriages, soon fol- character of the true spirituality that belongs to the lowed; and no toleration was shown to the adherents membership of Christ's living body, while others are of the new school. A document was drawn out by deeply tainted by those very errors, and that, too, the heads of the Church, requiring the other pro- in their worst form, which Romanists are often fessors to renounce all connection with the con anxious to make out as the natural offspring of Prodemned opinions. The result of this was, that some testantism; and further, when, under this seeming of them formally did so; while two others-Drs appearance of subjection to the one all true and Braun and Achterfeld—refused, and have accord holy Church, there are found lurking principles which ingly since been suspended from teaching, while go at once to sap the foundations, not only of the their place has been supplied by Professor Dierin-Church, but of the State, and all true social order ? ger—a man of the most unscrupulous ultramontane From this statement, it is evident what caution is opinions.

needed in forming our estimate of this movement; Now, this is one specimen of a movement, the re and how evidently opposite principles may be ranked, collection and even influence of which is quite fresh, side by side, under the general opposition to one comand which, from late events, has anew formed the mon enemy. It becomes doubly needful to sift it occasion of much controversy on the Rhine. So thoroughly—to discountenance in it whatever does high, indeed, did party feeling run, that a statement not bear the stamp of a desire for true spiritual freeappeared last summer in the journals, to the effect dom, and actively to encourage and direct whatever that Dr Hermes should be disinterred, as having, has this character and tendency. from his heretical character, no right to burial in a But let us descend to particulars. The twofold consecrated Catholic cemetery!

character of the movement was, from the first, Such, then, are the different movements which brought out in the characters of its two great leaders, have occurred of late years in Germany—all pre- Ronge and Czerski, and, in fact, from the very name paring the way for a more full and open expression which each was anxious to give to the New Church of opinion as to the grievances which have been - Ronge, from his patriotism, calling it the German submitted to at the hands of the Church, and the Catholic Church; Czerski, from his deep love of desire of deliverance from her yoke. All these, it what was spiritual, calling it the Apostolic Catholic is evident, had, to a great extent, prepared the pub- Church. To the former no one can withhold the lic mind for the events which have lately taken place; praise that is justly his due, as an upright and and hence it has turned out, that when once the lion-hearted man, who felt his whole moral nature blow had been struck in one place, and that place crushed and bowed down under the weight of that one so obscure and unimportant as Silesia, almost | tyranny which treated men not merely as slaves, but

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as machines—and who resolved, at whatever hazard, Now, in all this there is evidently not the mere to assert his freedom as a man, and to struggle for desire for freedom of conscience-for the right of the independence of his country as a German. But inquiry; but there was fully brought out the real when we have said thus much, we fear that we have opposition to evangelical doctrine, and the desire to summed up Ronge's claim to the character of a re deal with doctrinal differences as a matter of forformer, and to the name which some have felt dis- bearance, under the one general and all-reconciling posed to give him, as the second Luther. It is me principle of Christian love. Indeed, a scheme was lancholy to be obliged to state that, with all that is virtually held out, on the ground of which all Connoble, and independent, and heroic in his character, fessions might be united in one comprehensive forwe cannot fatter ourselves with the idea that he mula of belief. has, as yet, any true conceptions either of the fear There is all the difference possible between the adful bondage of sin in which all men are by nature, herence to a creed which has itself been adopted in or of that true spiritual liberty which is to be found the full exercise, and as the result of private judgment, in the imputed righteousness of Christ. We have and which commands no other obedience than folsearched all his writings in vain, for anything more lows from it in so far as it is the expression of God's! than the most general declarations about Christianity own truth, which is binding on all men; and the ad ! as the religion of love and human happiness, and herence demanded to a creed which professes and Christ as at once the teacher and the type of the claims an infallibility above all the errors of human perfectibility of man. We find no references of any reason, and, as such, requires not to be doubted or kind to the peculiar character of Christianity as a canvassed, but to be at once implicitly believed and divine system for the return of fallen man to the obeyed. If the Bible be the Word of God, it must favour and love of God, through the sacrifice of his be true; and as true, it must be believed and obeyed; Son Jesus Christ. On the contrary, the whole scope and this belief and obedience is not altered by the of his writings is deeply Rationalistic, and utterly un translation of the thoughts of the Bible into the satisfactory, if thought of as the writings of one words of man, in so far as the sense is strictly pre

1 who had been made, like Luther, to feel the awful served. A Confession of Faith has no right to arro solemnity of man's relation to God as a sinner, and gate to itself any claim to obedience which does not to strive, as in the very fire, to attain the assurance pre-exist in the Bible as a divine revelation; and of God's love in Christ. Hence the fundamental | then the homage which a Church pays to its articles, difference, that while the one views the rites and is really paid to the Word from whose scattered ceremonies of Romanism as superstitious observances, verses they have been formed into a connected and opposed to what he calls the independence of man scientific statement of doctrine. Hence it clearly as a free moral agent; the other views them as re follows, that it is one thing to dispute the authority fuges of lies interposed between man as a sinner and of a Confession which claims the power of infallibly Him who is the only mediator—in whom, being justi- interpreting the will of God, as containing the doc- ! fied, the sinner can have peace with God. That this trines of a Church which cannot err; and quite Rationalistic element has a vast influence on the pre- another thing to oppose any Confession which claims sent movement, will be evident, if we turn from the to itself no prerogative further than is compatible opinions of leading men to the decisions of the Gene- with the free exercise of private judgment in any 1 ral Council, which met last Easter in Leipsic, to draw individual man, but which merely professes to be up their Confession, Liturgy, &c. It had five sittings, the view taken of divine truth by those who ad- | ending on the 28th of March, and was attended here to it. The former is the opposition to one by deputies from the great body of their communi of the worst results of spiritual despotism; the ties. The Confession of Faith, which was adopted latter is the opposition to the high obligations by a large majority, was that of Breslau, which is which attach to the Bible, as a revelation of God's decidedly the most vague and least satisfactory of the

truth to man.

Protestantism is at the root of three Confessions published – those of Breslau, the one opposition; but Infidelity is at the root of Schneidemühl, and Berlin. There was throughout the other. There is spiritual tyranny in demanding expressed great disapprobation of any attempt at men to believe what they cannot examine and carfixing a definite creed for all; and the principle vass; but there is none in demanding men to believe adopted was that of the statement of comprehensive what has plainly the sanction of God's own Word. Christian principles, leaving each community at This is the true spiritual liberty of the believer, and liberty to settle its own articles of faith. Now, were whatever goes beyond this is the abuse of it—is, in this the only reason in question, we would have had short, licentiousness. less objection to the step taken in the difficult and But we rejoice in being able to state, that there trying position in which they were placed; but it is are higher and holier influences at work than those much to be feared that the real reason for the step now referred to. Of these, we may take the case of was an indifference to all that constitutes the essence Czerski as a fair specimen. In point of power, he is and spirit of Christian doctrine. The great dan- certainly inferior to Ronge, and one desiderates in ger which they seemed to fear was the substitu- him that soul-stirring energy which is felt to pervade tion of one tyranny for another-in the “ imposition every paragraph of Ronge; but he seems really to of new and binding articles of faith by one member have in him

the true elements of the religious reformer, on the conscience of another;" and hence their desire and to take part in the movement as a deeply spirithat, as a council, they should not be called on to tual one. In all his productions, there is manifested give a positive deliverance on minute doctrinal points. a minute acquaintance with Scripture the study of

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which has evidently been blessed to his reaching vernment to whom this representation was addressed, | such a full measure of evangelical truth. Nor is it it closes thus : " True, our community is but a little · a great drawback from this statement, that in some flock; but we continue stedfast in prayer, and full points he seems not yet to have shaken himself quite of confidence that, from our example, God will free of Romanism. For we may rest assured, that if also open the eyes of those whom the priests have he hold the great evangelical doctrines of Protestant- blinded; for we seek not what is earthly, but what is ism, his theology will become more precise with his of God.” spiritual experience; while, in the very fact of his To this preliminary statement is appended a long continued adherence to part of the system he has and minute exposition, by Czerski himself, of their so nobly renounced, we have an additional proof and opinions as opposed to the Romish doctrines, displayguarantee of his integrity and want of prejudice. ing a vast extent of scriptural knowledge, and a One cannot fail to be struck with the high spiritual general clearness and force of thought and exprestone that pervades the public Confession of Faith of sion. his congregation, and Apology prefixed thereto, dated Along with this document, Czerski has published Schneidemühl, 27th October, 1844. It commences a Justification, from which we gave a long extract in thus :

a late Number. * There is prefixed to it the verse : “ In the Roman Catholic community of this place, “ And God said, Let there be light; and there was there have been for many years a number of mem- light.” It is, throughout, written in a tone of highbers, who, in spite of the opposition of the priests, minded independence—it is full of scriptural sentihave secretly studied the Holy Scriptures, and insti- ment, and is rendered exceedingly interesting by the tuted comparisons between the doctrine of Jesus unaffected statement which it gives of his growing and that of the Roman priests; and have thereby acquaintance with divine truth, and the increasing attained to conviction that the said doctrine of the strength of his convictions as to the utterly unscrippriests was, in the most fundamental articles of belief, tural character of the Church of Rome. He comopposed to the pure doctrine of Christ and his mences by a general statement of the impossibility apostles.” Then follows a statement and refutation of fettering the mind in its inquiries after divine of the doctrine of transubstantiation, with the aver- truth, describing all such attempts as sinful, and arment (which may possibly be the case with hundreds raigning the Church of Rome as setting itself in similarly situated over the whole Church), that al direct opposition to that liberty wherewith Christ though they were labouring under these convictions makes his people free. “Yes," he exclaims, "the of conscience, still they had not courage to carry father of lies has revealed himself in the Papacy. It them into effect, as there was none among the priest- is Popery which endeavours, and always has enhood to lead or co-operate with them. It then pro deavoured, to extinguish the light of the Gospel, and ceeds :-“ But after that God, our heavenly Father, to kindle its own in its stead, which strives to close was pleased to regard our conscientious difficulties, the Book of books that bears witness of God, and to and our sincere faith on him and his Son Jesus hold up its own lying code of laws. This is the very Christ, then he showed compassion upon us. Thus essence of its system-a degrading spiritual despotism, it was the Romish priests themselves that sent us for the purpose of unlimited temporal power.” He this deliverer. In the month of March, 1844, the then refers to it past history, showing that, in spite General Consistory of Posen sent Vicar Czerski as of the Inquisition, Bartholomew's night, &c., it assistant to the rector. After he had preached geve has ever been opposed by some faithful witnesses of ral times in the church, we perceived that he was the truth, up to the present day, when the soul-stirnot like the vast body of the clergy, a mere vassal of ring words of Ronge have been enthusiastically rethe Pope, but a real servant of the Gospel. We echoed far and near. He proceeds to justify the strove to become better acquainted with his opinions, step he has taken, proving that renouncing error and became assured that he did not look on the does not subject him to the charge of perjury; and Roman bishop as the only Saviour, but, like our contending that those are the perjured parties whose selves, expected his salvation from the mercy of conduct belies their teaching; “for no power on God, as alone to be attained by a true faith on Jesus earth can make the wilful liar a hero of truth-not Christ, as revealed in his Holy Gospel.” Then fol even God himself; for then he would no longer be a lows the account of his suspension on the discovery God of truth and justice. None but Jesuits hold of his opinions, notwithstanding the remonstrances this position, and hence they have ever been the of all the office-bearers, and five hundred of the most faithful servants of him who for centuries has members of his congregation.

striven to substitute confusion and disorder, ignorance " As the ways of the Lord are at all times wonder- and superstition, and falsehood, in the room of the ful, so they were especially so in our case.” To this true, and pure, and plain doctrine which Christ has is appended the statement of their advancing in their taught us. But, God be praised, all men are not yet conceptions of Christian truth-of the opposition Jesuits !" which they had to encounter, and of their final sepa He states, that he was born of poor but pious paration from the See of Rome. “The mighty work rents, at Werlubian, a village near Nevenburg, in has been accomplished. That which had for cen Silesia. After finishing his preliminary education, turies been withheld from our forefathers as a fatal he was admitted to the clerical seminary at Posen. measure, we have secured, in firm reliance on our Here he came through a severe struggle, arising from Saviour. We are now freed from the iron bonds of

Our readers will find an extract from this exposition in Rome."

After stating their case to the Go | the Number for August 15, p. 995.

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