« VorigeDoorgaan »
GERMANY—THE NEW CATHOLIC CHURCH.
369 are now been more or less thoroughly organized To these a manly reply has been given on the prinhroughout Germany. All this, be it remembered, ciple stated-referring, in addition, to the fact that as been the spontaneous doing of the people them when, some years ago, these same Catholic powers elves, headed by a few humble priests; and that, were petitioned by the Protestant chiefs of Germany oo, in spite of the most determined opposition on to use their influence against the increasing power of he part of the hierarchy, assisted but too success the Jesuits, as inimical to the peace and best interests fully by secular authority. Yet, so general has the of Germany, no reply was given to the demand made; movement become, as at present to form the matter of so that still less could a favourable answer be ex10 earnest diplomatic correspondence between the pected now to the demand made by those States who Pope and the leading Catholic and Protestant States. had acted in such a manner towards Prussia. Ata
The strictest injunctions have been issued from public banquet given in Magdeburg, Ronge proposed Rome to the two great Catholic powers, Austria and the health of the king, and stated that, from his perBavaria, who have shown themselves ready to act in sonal interviews with him and his ministers, they accordance with the strictest principles of ultra were fully prepared to defend full freedom of conmontanism. Accordingly, in both countries every- science to all their subjects. thing has been done which civil or spiritual despotism Still, notwithstanding all this, the kind of direct could suggest, to prevent the extension of the move influence which the State uses in all ecclesiastical ment among their subjects. Along the frontier matters is such as to prove the greatest clog of Bohemia, the strictest surveillance has been exer- and hindrance to a free religious movement; and cised over all travellers passing from Silesia or there can be no question, that where the formal Saxony, lest among them there should be any mis- recognition and full sanction of the State are withsionaries of the new Church, or lest any documents held, and a bare toleration is substituted, such should be circulated which attacked the ancient a movement is retarded to a degree of which, in faith. In Bavaria, in like manner, the king has this country, one can form no conception. We do repeatedly warned his subjects in the severest man not say that the mere countenance of the State ought Der against giving any countenance to the new Church, of itself to weigh at all in the mind of any one; but and done everything to prevent even ordinary infor- that the suspicion which is superinduced in all cases mation on the subject being conveyed through the where the Government does not openly declare its press. In Saxony, the Government at first seemed sanction, united with the numberless legal obstacles disposed openly to countenance the movement, al- that stand in the way of such a body constituting though the Court is Catholic. Afterwards they themselves into a Church, with full power to deveremained neutral; but, latterly, they too have lop the religious principles that gave rise to it-all issued their restrictions in various forms. Public this tends to operate prejudicially among the subjects meetings for conference were prohibited, the legal of a Government who have been taught to submit Falidity of their ordinances in the case of baptism to this subjection, if not to believe it indispensable and marriage was denied, with a great number of and actually beneficial. This is plain from the resoluother petty and vexatious prohibitions. In the middletion of the State that there shall of necessity be no of July, a document was published by the Govern more than the two great antagonist Churches and ment, stating that, while no subject of Saxony was Confessions, and that all differences on religious denied the full liberty of conscience in religious matters, on the side of one or the other, must not be matters, still the present movement was not to be allowed to form a ground of separation and dissent, judged of as a mere matter of religious toleration, but be somehow or other settled within the Church in seeing that it seemed likely to give a death-blow to the which they have occurred. Such things operate most unity of the Church, and virtually overturn its con- unfavourably in the case of a new Church organizing stitution, as settled by the Augsburg Confession, by itself, and cannot fail to place it in a disadvantageous the establishment of an indefinite number of small position, as compared with the old institutions which | and contending sects.*
have so many constitutional privileges on their side. In Prussia, the Government have declared their It must at once be seen that, to a Government acting determination to preserve a strict neutrality, and on the principle supposed, this must seem a danger| allow the movement to take its course, without in ous precedent—as breaking up that outward unity terfering for or against it; as, from its yet undeter- which makes the supremacy of the State over the mined character, the period had not yet arrived Church a comparatively easy matter, and as giving a for the State being called on either to recognise freedom to the religious element which would soon the Church as a legal institution to be embodied make it more than a match for a secular despotism. in the constitution, or still less to suppress it by Other considerations of a more local character make force, as opposed to the wellbeing of the country. the position of Prussia, in relation to this movement, Freedom of conscience is a fundamental principle of a doubly difficult one. As stated, this movement had the Prussian constitution; and in this matter, at least, its occasion in an event which took place in the Rhine the Government seem disposed to see it fairly carried provinces. These are well-known to be intensely into effect. Remonstrances have been addressed to Catholic, and to be disaffected towards the Protesthem by the Catholic powers, requiring nothing short tant rule of the Prussian monarchy. But were of the forcible suppression of the whole movement. Prussia actively to give its support to the German
Catholic Church and constitutionally to recognise it, * The reader will observe that this was written before the late outbreak at Leipsic (August 12), which will be after.
it is very clear that this would but lead to greater wards noticed
estrangement between the two parts of the kingdom,
and be interpreted as the crowning act of their Pro- Nothing, surely, can give one a clearer idea of the testant ascendancy; so that, with their proximity to awful bondage in which the Church of Rome holds France, and enjoyment of the greater freedom of not merely the souls, but also the very understanding, French law and justice, it might no longer, in the of men, seeing all that has taken place, potwithstandevent of a war, seem problematical what course was ing these plain and palpable contradictions between best suited to secure their religious independence as different Popes, both equally infallible, and even bea separate kingdom. It cannot, however, be ques tween the same Pope at different periods. For the tioned, that very much of the recent revival of present Head of the Church, who, but two years ago, Popery on the Rhine is to be attributed to political gave his verdict in favour of the Coat of Argenteuil,
The people have, in fact, thrown themselves now comes forward to throw the shield of his pro back on the Church, which had been forced to take tection over the hierarchy of Treves; and, fearing up a new position with regard to the State; and thus that the Church is in danger, enters the lists as a political feeling has centred round the Church, seeing cunning diplomatist to prevail on the secular poweri that its treatment, at the hands of the late Prussian of Europe to carry his spiritual censures into effect monarch, afforded a specious pretext and occasion against those very men who, to say the most, are not for the quasi-religious phase of a movement which more heretical than his Holiness himself was in was at first almost purely political, and then became | August 1843. politico-ecclesiastical. But, on the other hand, that To complete this picture of cunning in union with the recent energy which has been shown by many superstition, it needs only to be stated, that, seeing sections of the Protestant Church, united with the the historical argument in favour of the Coat of late events over Germany, must react upon the Ca Treves must be given up as groundless, one section of tholic Church, and, of necessity, call forth a new life the Popish party have actually declared that the spiriand zeal--this is not only undeniable, but is gaining tual value of the exhibition of Treves depends not 89 additional proof daily.
much on the genuineness of the relic, as on the gene But, to return-one or two of the smaller States rally solemnizing character of the circumstances under have already recognised the new community. In which the display took place. And thus those comBrunswick, a considerable sum has been voted to less hosts of pilgrims, who came to worship a gar. 1 them from the public treasury for three years; ment which was then, without any reservation--nay, a similar course has also been followed in Hesse with all the parade of a successful historical proof, Darmstadt: while in Hesse Cassel, and, though less declared to be the Coat of our Lord, are now made decidedly, in Hanover, their meetings have been to believe that the historical element is of small pronounced illegal, and their standing as a Church value, and that it was the presence of the Church, in denied, and this, too, at the very time of a successful the full pomp of ceremony and prerogative, that elestruggle with the Jesuit bishop of Hildesheim. In vated into sacredness the merely human elements of many parts of Germany, liberal contributions have the scene! been made on their behalf by Protestants and Catho Nay, as if this were not enough, and as if the lics alike. Several of the journals devote special Church, in the plenitude of its power, needed but to notices daily to the report of their movements; and command, in order to be obeyed, the Archbishop of the unprecedented number of publications on the Treves has lately instituted a festival in konoar of subject at the late Leipsic fair--all betoken the in the holy coat, lance, and nail; and this, too, to be terest which the movement excites, and the progress celebrated in lieu of the national fast of Prussia. It! which it is steadily making.
would indeed seem, that in this whole matter JesuitAs to the immediate occasion of the secession in the ism has outwitted itself, blindly leaning upon the exhibition of the Holy Coat, we may state, that the superstition of a people who, when fairly roused and historical investigations which have been published quickened by spiritual influences, have performed on the subject have lowered a good deal the tone of deeds of Christian heroism, which all the machinaconfidence, even of the more bigoted of the Romanist tions of Roman power and policy could not beer party, as to its genuineness. Indeed, it turns out, on down. It is a striking historical coincidence that, inspection, that the Coat is not a seamless one, that but a week before his death, the great Reformer there are tigures on the front of it, though these have himself denounced the exhibition that was being almost entirely faded; nay, it has even been stated, made of this very Coat, then, as now, paraded as the that the representations which have been woven on occasion for a display of the might of the Church it, have manifest reference to the rites of heathen against all her adversaries. Let us hope and pray worship. We before stated, that there were at least that, with outward circumstances so similar, the between twenty and thirty other Holy Coats, preserved spirit of those times may be awakened, and Germany with equal veneration in different cathedrals. Not only again become the scene of a new and glorious 80, but such is the shameless effrontery of the whole struggle for the faith once delivered to the saints ! matter, that in 1631, Pope Urban VIII. gave the full
(To be continued.) sanction of his infallibility to one of these as the genuine garment of our Lord; and, still further, the
HOW TO PREACH TO THE HINDUS. present Pope, Gregory XVI., no farther back than August 1843, elevated one of the altars in the Church | That kind of preaching which is adopted in Christian of Argenteuil in France to the dignity of an “altare doctrine in abstract ideas, and concluding with some
countries, developing from a given text a truth or privilegiatum," on the professed ground of its con- practical applications, could hardly be understood taining the “Tunicam nostri Salvatoris Iesu Christi." I and would therefore not be appreciated by the Hindu,
whose habits of thinking and reasoning are very dif he succeed ? No,' said another man,' he must leave ferent from ours. When discussing religious subjects, his bundle behind, or else he will never get through.' he employs images and metaphors-every object in You are perfectly right; if we wish to get through the visible world is laid bold of to illustrate the point the strait gate into heaven, the heart must be wholly on which he argues.
given up to it; a divided heart God will not accept; We must therefore bring our arms from the camp he will either drive sin out of the heart of man, or of the Philistines, and learn from the Brahmans that sin will drive him out. The people understood this mode of speaking and reasoning which is most intelli very well, and applauded. The third class I wished gible and agreeable to the people. Materials for to represent were the proud and self-righteous. Here imagery to illustrate religious truths cannot be want I had nothing to do but to allude to a certain class of ing in a tropical climate, where nature is at work people who are constantly seen at Benares—I mean the during every season of the year, and exhibiting new haughty Mohammedans. Without mentioning names, charms every day in a luxuriant vegetation-where however, I continued : There comes another-you see majestic streams are rolling down to the ocean he gives himself the air of a great and holy man; be where the lofty summits of the Himalaya are seen says, I do no man any wrong, I repeat my prayers towering forth in the back-ground-where the ani- daily, I fast often, and give every one his due; thus mal as well as the vegetable world is developing its conscious of his righteousness, he lifts up his head, and wonders, and involuntarily exciting the imagination with firm step you see him walking up to the gate. of a contemplative mind.
A man called out: “He must stoop down, he must
bow down, or else he will break his head.' I replied I was preaching one evening in the town of Burd. Do you understand what you say? Yes,' said he, wan, at a time when the rice fields were dried up from he must leave his pride behind, and come as a poor want of rain, and the people of the country began to sinner; stooping signifies humility, and if he is not foretell dearth and famine; I spoke on the words, humbling himself, he will never enter through the John vii. 37: “If any man thirst, let him come untó strait gate.'” Thus we see that the Hindus underme, and drink.” “You are watering your rice fields,” stand our preaching, and the word enters into their I said, “ because God has commanded the clouds not hearts.- Weitbrecht's Missions in Bengal. to rain; but your rivers and tanks are almost dry; and if he should not send rain, your efforts must, after all, prove fruitless, and your harvest will fail.
HOW TO TEACH CHILDREN. Here is a faithful representation of your spiritual In all your instructions, most carefully avoid all tedistate; you are seeking water of life for your immortal souls-you trouble yourselves unceasingly in your idol than long and tedious discourses.
ous prolixity. Nothing more disgusts a child's spirit Pervices; but, behold, instead of the wholesome water shortness of your discourse by frequency--a little
Make up the of divine truth and knowledge, there is, as in your
now, and a little then, not all at once drop by drop, tanks, nothing remaining but mire and dirt. I know a fresh fountain of pure water of life; allow me to
as you pour liquor into narrow-mouthed bottles. As direct you to it; and if you drink of it, you will find
you do when you first begin to feed their bodies with refreshment and peace.” I then proceeded to de
a spoon, so must you do when you first begin to feed scribe to my hearers the character and blessinys of their small memories too much; and, through men's
their souls with instruction. Long speeches burden the Christian religion, which, resembling the clouds that fertilize the earth, is fully calculated to satisfy imprudence, may unhappily occasion them to loathe
As physicians, therefore, in their the spiritual wants of man. The people listened with spiritual manna.
dietetic precepts prescribe to children, “ Little and intense attention; I could perceive by their counte
often;" so must we. Young plants may quickly be nances that they were affected; and many gave vent
even over-glutted with rich manuring, and rotted to their feelings by expressing assent, and left the chapel under these solemn impressions.
with too much watering. Weak eyes, newly opened from sleep, at the first can hardly bear the glare of
a candle. “ Line upon line," therefore, “and preAn excellent missionary brother thus relates one of the last sermons he addressed to the Hindus at
cept upon precept; here a little, and there a little."
-Isa. xxviii. 10. You must drive the little ones 1 Benares : “I spoke on the words, ` Enter ye in at the strait gate: the chapel was full, and great atten
towards heaven, as Jacob did his towards Canaan, tion prevailed among my hearers. I explained to them
very gently.-Gen. xxxiii. 13. Fair and soft goes
far.-Samuel Lee. the signification of the strait gate, and what they must do in order to get through. First, I represented, according to Hindú ideas, a worldly-minded person,
Fragments. who cares nothing about religion; and who hopes nevertheless, at the end, to get to heaven. There, I
said, is one coming along riding on an elephant; he In wonder all philosophy began; in wonder it ends; appears in grand style; he cares nothing for God and and admiration fills up the interspace. But the first eternity; he wants to enjoy the world; and yet he wonder is the offspring of Ignorance: the last is the hopes to get to heaven in the end. Thus he is riding parent of Adoration.—Coleridge. on towards the strait gate, hoping he may get through. As is a moment, compared to the life of man, so is While speaking thus, one of my hearers called out: * He must come down from his elephant, or he will world; and the world's continuance is but a moment
the life of man, compared with the continuance of the never get through.' You are right, I replied; yes,
in respect of eternity.–Jeremy Taylor. he must forsake his worldly mind, and descend from bis height, and humble himself, or else he will never
The best way to make men good subjects to the enter heaven.
king, is to make them good servants of God. -Jeremy Then I described another character, belonging Taylor. to those of whom our Saviour said: “Ye cannot
WHEN worthy men fall out, only one of them may serve God and Mammon.' Here, my friends, said I,
be faulty at the first; but if strife continue long, comes a man who appears desirous to go to heaven commonly both become guilty.-Fuller. he has his eyes fixed on the strait gate, and is walk If we justly look upon a proneness to find fault as ing up to it; but on his back he carries a large bundle a very ill and a mean thing, we are to remember that of various things-see how he groans under it! Will a proneness to believe it is next to it.
taken with these vanities? Do not the visions of Daily Bread.
God veil the tempting splendour of the creature?
Is it not dishonourable to God, and a justification of FRIDAY.
the way of the world, for me, who profess myself a * Let him that thinketh be standeth take heed lest be fall. Christian, to be as eager after riches as other men ? - 1 Cor. 1. 12.
If I had no Father in heaven, nor promise in the Give me on thee to rall,
world, it were another matter.' Let me henceforth Always to watch and pray, Lest I into temptation fail.
learn to measure and estimate my condition, rather And cast my sbied away.
by its usefulness to God, than its content and ease to When men think they have grece enough, and my flesh.—Flanel. holiness enough, and have gone far enough in the way to heaven, this is the root of apostasy. It was
TUESDAY Peter's presumption that was one principal cause of
“ Be not weary nor faint in your minds."_HEB, Kİ. 2. his fall. ' Lotty cedars are down with a tempest, when As when the weary trar'ller gains the lower trees in the valley stand firm and fast; so
The height of some oʻerlooking hill,
His heart resives, if cross the plains likewise lofty Christians, high in their own conceits,
He eyes his home, though distant still. many times nestle themselves on high, and their fall
A traveller after a long journey, when he is weary is great;
whereas Christians that walk humbly, are ' and faint, and sits down, if he see the town before supported and preserved. Like as a man that gazeth him, it puts life into him, and he plucks up his feet
, at the stars, and looks up on high, quickly catches & and resolves not to be weary till he be at his journey's fall, because he looks not to his feet; so a man that end. O look at the crown and white robe set before is highly conceited in his own opinion, and lifts up his you, and faint if you can; get on the top of Mount head on high, many times catches a fearful fall. Nebo-look on the land of promise-those good Nalton,
things set before you: taste the grapes of Canaan
before you come to Canaan.- Valtor.
* My heart is fixed."-Ps. Ivii. 7.
Come, and possess me whole;
Nor bence again remove :
Set:le and fix my wavering soul
With all thy weight of love. open shame; for by falling away from him, we do as
Say not, it is impossible to get the mind fixed. It is much as tell the world, we have found his service that hard, indeed, but not impossible. Grace from the it was an unprofitable service; that the service of the Lord can do it-agreeable objects will do it. A pleat world is better than his service; and that we have sant speculation will arrest the minds of the inquisinot found in Christ what we expected. When we turn tive. The worldly man's mind is in little hazard of our backs on Christ and go to the world, we do as wandering when he is contriving of business, casting much as openly proclaim, the world is a better master up his accounts, or telling his money. If he answer than Christ is. When soldiers forsake their general, you not at first, he tells you he did not hear you-he it is a dishonour to him.-Ibid.
was busy-his mind was fixed. Were we admitted
into the presence of a king to petition for our lives, SABBATH.
we would be in no hazard of gazing through the “ Who maketh thee to differ?"-I Cor. iv.7. chamber of presence; but here lies the case--the ! O render thanks to God above.
carnal mind, employed about any spiritual good, is The fountain of eternal love,
out of its element, aud therefore cannot fix.Boston. | Who hath thee, more than others, blessed
And hath thy soul with peace possessed. Which way, O Lord, which way can I look, and
THURSDAY. not see some sad examples of misery? One wants " It is good for me to draw near to God.”—Ps. lxxü. N. his limbs, with Mephibosheth; another, his sight,
Stedfast let us cleave to thee
Love, the mystic umon be; with Bartimeus; a third, with Lazarus, wants bread
Union to the world unknown and a whole skin: one is pained in his body; another,
Joined to God-in spint one: plundered of his estate; a third, troubled in mind:
Wait we till the Spouse shall come one is pined in prison; another, tortured on the rack;
Till the Lamb shall take us home. a third, languisheth under the loss of a dear son, or O beloved ! let wicked men fall out with us, and wife, or husband. Who am I, Lord, that for the hate us, and reproach us, as much as they will they present, I enjoy an immunity from all these sorrows ? cannot hurt us, if we keep in with God; therefore, I am sure none groan under them, that have deserved my beloved, above all things get communion with them more.
Oh! make me truly thankful for thine God, and keep communion with God. Communion infinite goodness; and yet only so sensible of thy with God will yield you two heavens a heaven upon gracious indulgence this way, as that when any of earth, and a heaven after death. All saints shall enthese evils shall seize upon me, I may be no more joy a heaven when they leave the earth; some saints dejected in the sense of them than I am now over enjoy a heaven while they are on the earth. He enjoyed with the favour of their forbearance.-Hall. joys nothing that wants communion with God
We omitted to state that the paper entitled "The
Unanswerable Argument," which appeared in Number 17,
was taken from a Tract re-published by the Rer. Mr Bona Court its pleasure, wealth, or pride.
of Kelso, from an American periodical. Is not this a sad symptom of a declining state of goul, to be so hot, eager, and anxious about the super. Edinburgh: Printed by John Johnstone, residing at 19. fluous trifles of this life? Thinkest thou, O my soul,
Windsor Street, and Published by him at 2, Hunter that one who walks in the view of the glory above,
Square. London: R. GROOM BRIDGE & Sons,
gow: J. R. MNAIR & Co.; and to be had of any Book. and maintains a conversation in heaven, can be much seller throughout the Kingdom,
THE CHRISTIAN TREASURY,
NOTES ON MADEIRA.
BY THE REV. JAMES JULIUS WOOD, EDINBURGH.
Tne Island of Madeira has long been celebrated an enormous crater of a volcano, the other half for the salubrity of its climate, and many per having fallen in, and been buried in the ocean. sous in this country suffering from disease of The chief produce of Madeira is wine. The the chest are resorting to it as a place of so vine flourishes all around the island, and up journ during the winter months. Of late it has the mountain sides to the height of about had an interest of another and a higher kind, eighteen hundred feet. The best wine is grown from the labours and sufferings of Dr Robert on the south side of the island. The grain Reid Kalley, and from the persecutions under- raised is not sufficient for more than three gone by those Portuguese inhabitants of the months' supply of the inhabitants. island who have, by Dr Kalley's teaching, been A number of British merchants are settled brought out of the darkness of Popery into the in Funchal, which is also the winter residence light of Bible truth. Some account, therefore, of our countrymen who visit Madeira on account of Madeira, of the Lord's work in it, and of of their health. These visitors, in 1845, amountthe sufferings of the Lord's people, may not be ed to about three hundred. unacceptable to the readers of the “ CHRISTIAN The climate of Madeira is exceedingly deTREASURY."
lightful-moist, rather than dry-remarkable Madeira lies between lat. 32° and 33° north; for the small variations which it exbibits beand in long. 17° west; and it is about three tween night and day, and between winter and hundred and sixty miles from the coast of Africa, summer. During the summer months the ther. to which part of the world it is reckoned to mometer scarcely ever rises above seventy-eight belong. We know not that there is any au. degrees; and during the winter months it is thentic record of its discovery; but we have a seldom, in Funchal, below fifty-three degreesromantic story of one Robert Machin, an not within twenty degrees of the freezing point. Englishman, in the reign of Edward III., carry. Snow, however, frequently falls in the mouning off Anna D'Arfert, a high-born lady, whom, tains, and from Funchal it is often to be seen in opposition to the wishes of her family, lie as far down as within two thousand feet of the loved—of his putting to sea, with the intention town. The feeling of cold differs considerably
of crossing over to France-of a great storm car from what one would expect froin the indicai rying the ship out of hier course--of their reach- tion of the thermometer. Till very lately none ins, on the fourteenth day, a beautiful unin. of the houses had fire-places; now they are behabited island, where they landed, and where ginning to be introduced into the houses hired soon after they both died. By means of their by the British, and there are many evenings in companions information of the discovery February and March when a fire is by no means | reached the Portuguese, who were then enter- unacceptable. In summer a very agreeable prising navigators; and they immediately fitted change of climate can be obtained by going to out au expedition, and took possession of the the north side of the island, or up to the mounisland. They called it Madeira, or the Woody tains. Isle, because it was then thickly covered with Access to Madeira may now be had very wood.
easily and comfortably. The West India But when or by whomsoever it was first visited, steamers touch there twice a-montlı, making Vadeira has always (probably not much to its the passage from Southampton to Madeira in advantage) belonged to the crown of Portugal. eight days. The fare by them is £30 first It is about forty miles long, by about fifteen cabin, and £25 second cabin; the only diffebroad, and contains about one hundred. and rence between the two being in the sleeping thirteen thousand inhabitants. It is evidently berths: in every other respect the passengers of volcanic origin. Its mountains are high and enjoy the same privileges, and receive the same precipitous, and it is intersected by ravines of attentions. There are also several fine sailing prodigious depth and grandeur. Pico Ruivo, packets fitted up for passengers, in which perthe highest mountain on the island, is upwards suns in delicate health meet with every attenof six thousand feet above the level of the sea; tion and comfort. These are constantly sailing and the ravine of the Coural, about ten miles between London and Madeira, and in them the from Funchal, cannot be less than two thousand fare is £20. They usually make the passage feet deep. Funchal, the principal town, con in from ten to twenty days. Invalids often go tains a population of twenty-eight thou and out in trading vessels from Liverpool, the souls. It lies on the south side of the island, Clyde, and other ports. But unless the vessel on the shore, in the centre of an immense and captain be well known, this is not an adsemi-saucer, which the wild imagination of visable way, as these vessels have not usually man has sometimes supposed to be the half of the same conveniences and comforts for pasNo. 32.
* October 3, 1845.