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But whatever uncertainty there may be in some saints, shed for the Word of God, and for the testithings, there is the melancholy certainty that when mony of Jesus Christ. Neither must we saak of St Molios arrived in Arran, the natives were be- the blessings of the Revolution period, and of the nighted Heathens. He was the disciple of a man of spread of the Gospel, till a race arose regardless of God of apostolic character, St Columba, who, in Gospel blessings, living carelessly and at ease in the year 563, landed in Iona, which he had received Zion. As little may we wait to moura over the in a gift from the King of Argyle, and which he long reign of spiritual deadness. Let us, however
, made his chief place of residence. By making ex. express our joy that better days have at last come. cursions himself, and by sending forth his disciples A chapter has been added to the wonderful history to preach the Gospel—God blessing their labours-a of the Church of our fathers, which posterity will great and rapid change took place; for it is said that not blush to read. But let us remember that the signs before his death, the whole of Scotland was con of the times, and the more sure light of prophecy, verted to Christianity. St Molios being sent to speak of the approach of still more wonderful times, Arran, engaged, it would appear, with ardour and and still more wonderful events. God has already success in the work of his mission. The Holy Isle, done great things for us, whereof we are glad; but if it is probable, was only a place of occasional retire our gladness be holy joy, it will lead us to show our ment for meditation and prayer. All who have been gratitude by being up and active in God's service; very successful in converting souls have not only grudging no labour-sparing no arrows-girding on been zealous and ardent in preaching the Word, but the whole armour of God, that in the evil day we ! frequent, and ferrent, and instant in prayer. After may quit ourselves like men, being strong in the devout converse with God, when they returned to Lord and in the power of his might; so that when the work, their faces shone, their hearts glowed, the shout is raised, “ Babylon is fallen-is fallen– their words burned, and their tongues delighted to fallen !" we may lift up our beads and rejoice with speak of Jesus, and to proclaim the wonders of divine exceeding great joy. love. St Columba, it would appear, came to en After our ejected party returned to the boat, as courage his devoted disciple; for a moss-covered the evening was very fine we ventured on one haul of cairn in the rest of the Island of Arran, is pointed the dredge, that they might not be altogether de out as the spot where St Columba sat down with St prived of the pleasure we had enjoyed. We got Molios to refresh himself when travelling from place some more Pectens, with interesting parasites; Fuous to place evangelizing its Heathen inhabitants. St Correas, and what was much rarer, Fusus purpuress; Molios afterwards made Shiskin his chief residence, a little shell also that I had not got before, Rissons and there he died, at the advanced age of one hun-mubra ; Ezolota orbiculata of Brown; Trackus tunedred and twenty years. *
dus, and T. cinereus ; Hiatella præcisa ; Anonia naBlessed was the change that took place when the delata, and an Anomia that does not tally with any darkness of Heathenism ied before the light of the one described by my scientific friend, Professor Gospel; but the remains of a monastery lately to be Fleming, in his “ British Animals.” It comes nearest seen near the landing-place in the Holy Isle, remind to his description of A. cylindrica, only that it is not us that in process of time that light was greatly ob in the least cylindrical. "It has, however, the rough scured. Scotland withstood the progress of Popery transverse marks like ribs. I may mention, for the much longer than England did. The doctrines of sake of some, that Anomia is like a small oyster the Gospel preached in their purity by St Colunda with a perforation in the under valve. and his disciples, and beautifully reduced to practice We brought up several crabs, one or two of which in tbe lives of these holy men, told on the under were new to me; but it is often more generally inte standing and the hearts of those among whom they resting to dwell on what is common than on what is laboured; and the successors of these pious teachers rare. The hermit crab (Pagurus Bernhardus) is being men of kindred spirit, our blessed religion, in common; it may be seen, by every person who makes an outward form nearly allied to Presbyterianism, use of his eyes, on the shore, as it is very often drifted took deep root and flourished for several centuries when there is a breeze, and left by the tide on the in Scotland. It was not till the twelfth century that sand. It is called hermit crab, because it takes pesa the usurpations of Rome were in any degree success session of an old univalve shell, dwelling in the cavity ful. Popery then began to be countenanced at as in a cell. In its young state, it is often to be Court, and, under several successive monarchs, it found in a little Trochus or Silver Willie
, as the continued stealthily to creep in, till, having risen to children call it; and when it is full size it ensconces power, it tore off the mask, and brought all under itself in the large roaring buckie (Buccinum radiseeming subjection. Even then, however, the Lord · feran). The goodness and wisdom of God are seen in had his hidden ones in our land; and soon after this the instincts of animals. The hermit crab is like a we hear of the Lollards of Kyle—the forerunners of little scarlet lobster, whose body and claws are dethe Reformation. It would lead us much too far fended by a strong crust, but whose hinder parts from our present purpose to speak of the downfal of hare but a thin covering. Knowing this, it thrusts Popery at the blessed Reformation;-of its partial rise its defenceless parts into the cavity of a shell
, and it afterwards, in the form of black, persecuting, Prelacy, takes care that the shell be sufficiently large as a when the whole land was made a scene of desolation, place of refuge for the whole hermit in the time of and the heath on the wild mountain side was often danger. There is a foreign species in which the aged into a deeper purple, by the blood of the spirit of the soldier is combined with the seclusire• New Statistical Account.
ness of the hermit. It shows ambition, and courage,
and pride. It may be seen contending with other free-booters on the shore for the largest shell; and,
SPAIN-POPERY. having obtained the mastery, it proudly parades, with its palace at its tail, in the presence of its unsuccessful competitors.
NOTICES OF THE PAST AND THE PRESENT. Many naturalists have observed that there seems to be a treaty of union betwixt the hermit crab and WHEN one is compelled to hear so much, and so sadly, the spotted sea-anemone (Actinia maculata). I lately from day to day, of the revival of Popery in counkept one of these pretty sea-anemones for some days tries from which it seemed for ever to have disapin sea-water. It had fastened itself to a little peared, it is pleasing to hear of its decay in any other fragment of a screw shell (Turritella), but its co
land, especially if that be one in which it seemed to tenant in the inside was not a hermit crab, but a have been indigenous, and threatened to be perpetual. pretty red annelide. Be this as it may, certain it is It is kind in the great Head of the Church thus to that, on this occasion, we found that the spotted balance the arrangements of his providence, and to anemone had fastened itself to the outer lip of many temper the dark to his people with what savours of of the large roaring buckies brought up, and where the bright and the hopeful. We have been led to this ever there was an anemone without, there we found reflection by the perusal of an interesting work, lately a hermit within. In all likelihood they in various published, entitled “Memoir of a Mission to Gibways aid each other. The hermit has strong claws, raltar and Spain; with Collateral Notices of Events and while he is feasting on the prey he has caught, Favouring Religious Liberty, and of the Decline of many spare crumbs may fall to the share of his Romish Power in that Country, from the Beginning gentle-looking companion. But soft and gentle of this Century to the year 1842. By the Rev. W. looking though the anemone be, she has a hundred H. Rule.” Mr Rule is an excellent Wesleyan minis hands, and woe to the wandering wight who comes
ter, who has laboured for ten years to promote the within the reach of one of them, for all the other cause of Christ in Spain in a variety of ways, and not hands are instantly brought to its aid, and the hermit without success. He is the only individual, we bemay soon find that he is more than compensated for lieve, of whom this can be said-almost the only the crumbs that fall from his own booty. Union is person who has attempted to do anything for this kappiness and strength. “Behold how good and extensive and interesting country, containing above how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in twelve million of people, and after all, even his launity! It is like the precious ointment upon the bours are little known. The " Memoir," amid th head, that ran down upon the beard, even Aaron's excitement of more stirring events on a large scale, beard : that went down to the skirts of his garments; has not received the consideration to which it is as the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended well entitled. We feel it, therefore, to be a duty on the mountains of Zion: for there the Lord com
and a happiness to call the attention of our readers manded the blessing, even life for evermore." to some of its most important statements. These
embrace the condition of Spain as a whole, or such THE LAME AND THE BLIND.
as belongs to the denomination of personal narra
tive. The blind did bear the lame upon his backThe burden did direct the bearer's ways:
Of course we do not pretend—the reader would With mutual help they serv'd each other's lack,
not thank us for the attempt—to go into the compliAnd every one their friendly league did praise :
cated, and almost unintelligible civil and ecclesiastiThe lame lent eyes, the blind did lend his feet,
cal politics of Spain, from the commencement of the And so they safe did pass both field and street.
present century. It would be no easy matter merely
to unravel its endless parties and factions, and set Some land abounds, yet hath the same her want
them clearly before the public eye. In six short Some yields her lack, and wants the other's store:
years after 1814, there were not less than twentyNo man so rich, but is in some thing scant
five changes of ministry, and these of a sudden and The great estate must not despise the poor ;
serious character; while during the whole of the He works, and toils, and makes his shoulders bear, present century the country can scarcely be said to The rich, again, gives food and clothes to wear.
have been free from the turmoil and severities of So without poor, the rich are like the lame;
war, internal or external. Nor would anything be And without rich, the poor are like the blind. gained though the task of exposition were as easy Let rich lend eyes—the poor his legs will frame. as it is arduous. All that we propose is to give a Thus should it be; for so the Lord assigud, brief view of the present religious condition of Spain, Who at the first, for mutual friendship's sake, drawn from Mr Rule's volume, and other sources of Not all guve one, but did this difference make. information, chiefly in the shape of facts; and to Whereby, with trade, and intercourse, in space,
leave it to Christians, individually and as Churches, And borrowing here, and lending there again; to consider whether, in their nany and praiseworthy Such love, such truth, such kindness, should take labours, Spain should be altogether passed over as
unworthy of care—whether British Christians do That friendship with society should reign :
not owe an important duty to the Peninsula as well The proverb saith, “ One man is deemed none,
as to other kingdoms of Europe. The decline of And life is death, where men do live alone.”
Popish influence, within its borders, particularly as WHITNEY. a secular and political institution, should surely be
regarded as a call, in Providence, to assail the Church clesiastical history, of the early and extensive recepof Rome, in its religious character, and so to turn tion of the Gospel in Spain. There are many pleasnational events to the furtherance of living Chris ing traces of the strength of its Christianity in the tianity. Before proceeding, however, to say any- severity of the persecution for the truth, which it thing of the present condition and prospects of was called to endure, and which the faithful nouly Spain, it may not be uninteresting, and it will con- sustained. Few, if any, provinces of the Roman duce to our object, to advert for a little to the past. empire were more populous, or more wealthy and There are few countries whose history is more full of prosperous, than the Peninsula. The number, solemn moral and religious lessons. In the Word strength, and riches of the Roman remains still exof God there are some interesting notices of Spain. isting in the forms of bridges, aqueducts, &c., show There is reason to believe that it was early colonized the high value which was attached to it, and the by the Phenicians, the earliest and most distin extent of its prosperity. The very ferocity of the guished navigators of Old Testament times, fifteen invasion of the northern barbarians, and the inhundred years before the birth of Christ. Previous describable carnage and devastation spread over its to the Trojan war, this enterprising commercial fair territory, proclaim the same. Nowhere was people carried on an extensive cominerce with the the irruption more terrible, for the obvious reason shores of the Mediterranean, and at a later day that nowhere was the prize more tempting. When planted colonies, both to the north and south of that this moral retribution on persecuting Rome Paran great central sea, whose borders long proved the had exhausted itself, and an apostate Christianity grand seat of knowledge and civilization. Hence usurped the place of the truth in Rome-Papal, a nie Kittim or Cyprus, in the Mediterranean, Carthage on instrument of retribution was prepared and let loose, its south side, and Torshest or Tortepus on the Gau- not in barbarians from the north, but in Mohamme dalquiver, and Gades or Cadiz, belonging to the same dans from the south. The Moors of Africa crossed country, on the northern border of the Mediter the Straits of Gibraltar, and speedily overrun and ranean, were all colonized from Phænicia, itself on the held the sway of nine-tenths of Spain. So degeneeastern border of the same sea. The vast extent of rate had the Christian Church become before, and Phænician commerce, and we may believe of Phæni- •so severely had the country suffered in the convul. cian colonization, is no matter of doubtful conjec- sions which broke up the Roman empire, that the ture, resting on remains of classical antiquity. It is Mohammedan rule was, in many respects an improve graphically described by inspiration, in the 27th ment on the Christian. At least the fierce followers chapter of the Book of Ezekiel. It is only necessary of the Prophet of Mecca, when their government to remind the reader that ancient Tyre was latterly was fully established, became the friends of litera its leading mart, and that of it it is said “ Whose ture and learning. Almost all the leading towns of merchants are princes, whose traffickers are the Spain could boast of colleges, of a large attendance honourable of the earth," to show the importance of of students, and of extensive libraries with which to Phænicia. It would seem from the same authority, prosecute their studies. The Moors were at length that the mother country had grievously oppressed expelled, leaving, however, many traces of their the colonies which she had planted; for in the con greatness behind, which survive to the present | clusion of the 26th chapter, they are represented as day. In the centuries immediately preceding the rejoicing in the judgments which were destined to Reformation of the sixteenth, faithful persecuted overtake, and which actually did overtake that proud, Frenchmen betook themselves as refugees to Spain. luxurious, and despotic kingdom. It is a curious There were Christian communities on the Spanish, coincidence which is marked by Gibbon, that the as well as the French side of the Pyrenees; and great objects of attraction in Spain to the Phæni- when the Reformation appeared there was a pricians were its gold and silver, and other valuable mise of evangelical fruit peculiarly encouraging, mines—the very objects which, in the New World, Spain seemed as if she were about to become were the sources of delusive gain to Spain at a later Christian in the best sense of the word. Even day. The Phænician colonişts miserably oppressed the Institutes of Calvin were translated into Spanthe natives in compelling them to labour in the mines, ish, with, an address by the translator “ To all ! and untaught by her own national history, pro- the faithful of the Spanish nation who desire the fessedly Christian Spain compelled the South Ameri- advancement of the kingdom of Christ." But cans to the most wretched unrequited toil in the Rome was aroused-she put forth her persecuting mines of their own country. Was there no moral strength-the faithful gave way, and the Reforma li government of heaven in the punishment which has tion was suppressed. Ever since, the name of Spain attended both crimes, in the judgments which have has been unknown in Protestant Christendom. descended, both upon Phænicia and Spain ? Surely Important religious changes have taken place in the guilt of the latter, after the example of the for- other, and not distant lands; but she has remained mer, and with the light of Christianity, was more immutable, or rather, putting away from her the aggravated, and deserved a heavier infliction than light of divine truth, she has been left in deeper the former.
darkness the very partisan and tool of Popery-the In the New Testament we read of Paul's purpose last to mitigate or abandon the most atrocious of to visit Spain, in one of his missionary tours; but Rome's principles and proceedings. From her nawe have no evidence that he fulfilled his intention, tural position, occupying the most western part of or rather it seems pretty clear that the purpose was Europe, and, with the exception of one hundred mile: not realized. We have evidence, however, in eo of land, her insular and so maritime character, she
held a peculiarly favourable place for exerting a population of Spain, though its climate and fertility great influence on the New World recently discovered. be so great, has increased more slowly than almost She was relatively powerful among the nations of any State in Europe. At the present moment it Europe at the time-far more so than now; and she little exceeds twelve millions. Its agriculture, though did exert a powerful influence. The vast diffusion constituting its chief resource, is wretched. Not of the Spanish language in Central and South Ame- above a fourth part of the surface of the country is rica, at the present hour, is a proof of her wide-spread applied to any useful purpose at all; and though the influence. But, alas! an influence of what kind ? climate be tropical, especially in the south, frost an influence on the side of the detestable love of gain, unknown, and all the produce of Syria might be and unexampled cruelty-a disgrace to the Christian grown with ease-and in some spots, indeed, as if to name. Religiously, all her strength was given to show what could be made of the land, three and four the Beast-through her the Church of Rome la crops are actually reaped in the year-yet, considered boured to repair, in the New World, the losses which as a whole, so miserable are the country and the she had sustained in the Old. In the righteous moral people, that upon an average, four hundred thousand government of Heaven, Spain was no real gainer by quarters of grain need to be imported every year to her American colonies. Judgment overtook her prevent multitudes perishing by famine; and this in crimes. She was injured at home by the false
a land which naturally should be the granary of principles of political economy which she pursued Europe! The commercial attainments of the nation abroad. She underwent a long but sure decline, are similar. The most abundant and varied products doomed meanwhile to the mortification of seeing would, in Spain, be at the command of security, nations, once far behind, start before her in the race. industry and enterprise, and an almost insular posiAt length she was deprived even of her colonies. tion would afford great facilities for communicating Her vast colonial possessions are now reduced to a with foreign shores; but so little are the resources rule over three and a half millions of people; and of the country developed—so sunk and fallen is the there has been no corresponding improvement in the spirit of the people, that a few years ago less than mother country. She has continued the prey of one million and a-half sterling covered the whole national disorganization - a picture of dissension value of its exports to foreign countries—a sum inand weakness—an object of pity—as if doomed to ferior to the exports of some of our leading comspeedy death. Nothing can be more striking than mercial towns. What a mystery that Providence the contrast between Spain in the days of her should place the finest and most fertile territory in greatness and glory, and Spain in her present con Europe, from generation to generation, in the hands dition of helplessness and disgrace. The changes of nations which can make no adequate use of itin her historical map, from enlargement to con- should bestow upon Spain and Turkey advantages traction—from strength to weakness, are instructive which they only seem to live to abuse, while other indeed.
countries appear to be reaching the limits of their Does the reader ask what is the cause of it all ? resources ! The brief answer, as in other cases, must be, Popery.
The character and employments of the Spanish Not Popery alone, or in general, however, but Popery people correspond with the operations of Popery in in particular-Popery after there had been an offer all lands. The country is oppressed with beggary of evangelical truth—Popery which suppressed the and wandering vagabonds. Recent statistics show Gospel at home, and Popery which then proceeded in
one hundred thousand smugglers kept in check by blended covetousness and fanaticism to propagate forty-thousand custom-house officers; while officers itself over a new world, with atrocities almost un of a more serious character are not few in number. known in the bloody history of man. It might be The Inquisition numbers its army of twenty-two added-Popery which massacred one hundred and thousand; but crime is not prevented. Rather the fifty thousand Protestants in the Netherlands, and by Inquisition itself is a mighty crime, and the nurse of its Armada aimed an exterminating blow at Britain. many more. At the same time, crimes in the more These things sufficiently explain the present condi- ordinary sense of the word, are at once numerous and tion and prospects of Spain. She is given up in re
of the most appalling character. The crimes of many tribution to the very Popery which she loves so well, countries may consist of petty offences, but Spain and for which she has made so terrible a sacrifice; deals in the serious. In 1827, she was stained with and what benefit does it bring her ? Let a few facts the blood of one thousand two hundred and twentydeclare: Externally her Popery is still powerful, three murders, and one thousand seven hundred and dividing opinion, not with Protestantism, but with seventy-three attempts at murder, or in other words, Infidelity, extensive and often avowed. Her annual there were three thousand of her people defiled in ecclesiastical revenue (which, of course, implies a
the sight of God with the blood of their brethren, multitudinous host of ecclesiastics), is equal to twelve and the official return was, after all, very imperfect ! and a-half millions sterling-more, by two millions, Ah! what has Popery done, and not done? How than the entire yearly revenue of the State. After much crime has she been helpless to prevent, and the suppression of hundreds of convents of late years, how much has she directly and indirectly promoted ! there are still about two thousand inhabited by and yet she boasts of fifteen universities, and ten thirty-one thousand monks. Here is an immense thousand students. Surely the knowledge which she ecclesiastical force-prodigious religious resources. propagates cannot be the truth of God, otherwise it Surely the nation must prosper, in all its relations, would not be so powerless against crime, and so enunder so blissful a sway. What is the fact? The couraging to its worst enormities.
the Sultan granted them permission to return to HasTHE BIBLE IN SYRIA.
beiya, with the promise of protection, on condition
that they should pay the usual taxes, and conduct “ Bread cast upon the waters."-ECCLES. xi. 1.
themselves in a peaceable manner. The Greek priests WHEREVER I went in Syria, I found the laity of the were greatly incensed at this result; and, under Greek Church anxious to obtain copies of the Bible, the instigation of Russia, it is alleged, they induced and not unwilling to receive publications pregnant the adherents of the Greek Church to make a show with the statements of evangelical truth. Having of leaving Hasbeiya, on the return of the Protestant taken with me a large supply, I was able to make a party, that the Turkish Government might have the pretty extensive distribution throughout the country, case again thrown upon its consideration, as Hasbeiya except at the places at which the missionaries usually could not contain the members of both Churches! labour. At the town of Hasbeiya, near the farthest The last tidings which I have received of this afair source of the Jordan, I was engaged for some hours are contained in a letter of Mr Graham, dated Jano| in meeting the demands which were made upon my ary, 1845. “ You may be interested," he says, " to
stores. Among the Arabic books which I distributed hear more about the Protestants of Hasbeiya. They were several copies of a Life of Luther, and other have been excommunicated by the Greek Patriarchi
, Protestant publications. When the Greek priests or his priests, in the strictest form, and all intersaw them in the hands of the people, they became course with them interdicted. Their teacher has quite infuriated, and sent an agent to beg me to been stoned, and fifteen families driven from their order their restoration. I told the people that, as a houses. They are thrown for support on the Ame friend or religious liberty, peaceable discussion, and rican missionaries. Notwithstanding these evils, and prayerful inquiry, I left the matter entirely in their even greater, which may yet arise, I think it probable own hands. They declared that they would keep that the principle of the toleration and recognition what they had received, at all hazards; and they of Protestantism will be established. It is interestheard the threats of the agents of the priests without ing to know, that the children of these poor people being moved. Mr Smith, my fellow-traveller from are committing to menory the Shorter Catechismu." Bombay, who took a deep interest in the affair, and This movement, I have no hesitation in saying, is the who strenuously defended the rights of the people, most important which, in our day, has taken place in remarked to me that more would afterwards be heard the Holy Land. Fervent should be our prayers that of this matter-an anticipation which has been most it may be overruled for the establishment of the remarkably fulfilled. Before we left Hasbeiya, a liberties of Protestantism in that most important Druse of considerable intelligence told us, when we locality, on the same footing that those of the Greek, were quietly seated with him on the root of his house, Latin, and other Churches have been secured. Dr that a considerable number of persons in the town Wilson-(Lectures on Foreign Churches). had for some time been anxious to declare themselves Protestants; and that, if we could promise them protection from England, a bundred families, he was
GREAT THINGS FROM SMALL. sure, would immediately join our communion. The
THE ORIGIN OF THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. effects of the ministrations of the excellent missionaries at Beyrout, who had occasionally visited the In 1599, a company of British merchants applied town, and at one time maintained a school for the to Queen Elizabeth for permission to trade with instruction of its youth, had thus begun to appear. India, and having received the royal charter, deSome months after our visit, a considerable number spatched a fleet in the following year; and thus of persons actually declared themselves Protestants, originated what has since become the famous East and one hundred and twenty of them were formed India Company--a striking instance of what mo into a religious community by the Rev. Eli Smith, mentous and important results spring from originally who hastened to visit them from Beyrout. Connected trifling causes, under the direction of the wise pm with this transaction, I solicit your attention to the vidence of God. The Portuguese, the Dutch, the following extract of a letter from my excellent friend, French, were each permitted to make the attempt and for some time fellow-traveller, the Rev. William but only Britain was permitted to succeed. (raham, missionary of the Irish Presbyterian Church This handful of merchants began their operations at Damascus. On the 17th of May last, he says: | by building a few factories on the coast of India, a “ One hundred and fifty of the Greek Church have of which was established near a fishing village, about become Protestants. They wrote a petition to the a hundred miles above the mouth of the Ganges, o British Coasul in Damascus, praying to be taken that branch of the river called the Hooghly. The under the protection of England, and vowing before factory was erected in the vicinity of a celebrated God and man that, rather than return to the super Heathen temple, named by the Hindus Kalee-ghaut, stitions of their ancestors, they would suffer to be or the landing-place of the goddess Kabee. That chopped like tobacco. This protection the Consul fishing village is now the famous city of Calcutta, it could not give, as the Protestant religion is not re having received tbis appellation from the idol temple : cognised nor tolerated legally in the Turkish empire. it is the residence of the Governor-General of livlia
. The Greek Putriarch lof Antioch), who his his and has aptly been designated the “ City of Palaces." residence in Damascus, was furious, and threatened The originally insignificant company of merchante to force them to return to the Church. The Turkish have long since wrested the sceptre from the hards authorities also took the alarm. They held their of the Mogul emperors, and are now governing : secret councils, and discussed what was to be done. hundred and thirty-five millions of subjects inuy
Some did not think much of the matter; others were one of the most remarkable cirounastanves of the
stw in it the desi zu of England to gain a party in bave proved, that t?is Company hold the reins up the country, that she might have some plea for tak- government with a firm hand. Dost Mahomed, the ing forcible possession of it. In this state of matters, chief of the semi-barbarous tribes in Atfghanistan, the affair was, by common agreement, referred to having been inveigled by brilliant promise on the Constantinople.” The English, Prussian, aud, I be part of a great northern power in Europe, which was lieve, French authorities, much to their credit, re endeavouring to extend its political induence as far coininended that these Christians should not be per as the Indus, disregarded all the warnings of the secuted for their opinions; and the Gorernment of East India Government, who, being thus compelled to