[blocks in formation]

Christian, though learned only in his Bible, of HIM but what is sour, unsavoury, and unwholesome! Up, who is “ as a hiding-place from the wind, and a covert then, and be doing, thou servant of the Lord! Thou froin the tempest;" and of the strong consolation ex canst not change their nature, but thou canst bud, perienced by those who have fled for refuge to lay and ingraft, and dig, and water, under the directions hold on the hope set before them; which hope they of the great spiritual Husbandman, who is ready, in have "as an anchor of the soul, both sure and sted answer to thy prayers, to prosper the work of thy hand, fast, and which entereth into that within the veil." and to render it successful. And should not every

Near to the south end of the neat and cheerful parent likewise be up and active? The field assigned village, stands Whitehouse, the residence of the Duke to him may be small, but is it not precious? and of Hainilton's factor. How much, within my re should he not most earnestly desire that it may be as membrance, has this place been improved and beau a field which the Lord has blessed-watered, as the tified! The rising grounds on each side yielded, garden of the Lord, with wells of living water, and some twenty years ago, a scanty crop of grass and streams from Lebanon—every olive plant grafted and heather; an extensive plain behind the house, if I fruitful, and every vine branch from the right stock, remember aright, was full of peat holes; the ground and already laden with purple clusters? before the liouse was a quagmire, on which the hungry We took a walk in the forenoon towards the cattle at times ventured, at the risk of being swal southern extremity of the bay; but it yielded nothing lowed up. The quagmire has been converted into a except the pleasure of the walk. The time has been, beautiful verdant lawn; the undulating heights and when the ground over which we passed must have the peat-producing plain are now waving with the been five fathoms under water; for, in the wooded richest crops; the house is embowered in ilowering bank at this place, about thirty feet above the preshrubs; and the garden is stocked, not only with sent sca-level, there is a deposit of post-tertiary marine culinary esculents and common fruits, but it yields shells; and I have been told that there is opposite to also peaches, and nectarines, and figs. The lover of it, on the Holy Isle, a corresponding deposit. А flowers will find here everything rare and beautiful; great treat awaited us in the afternoon. We learned, and, even at Christmas, he may sce Cenicia Japo that the fisherman of late has been in the habit of nica in flower in the open air. On one side of the dredging in the bay for scallop (Pecten opercularis), * lawn, the bare walls of an old kiln have been made to be used as bait; and we had hired his boat and to assume the appearance of the picturesque ruins of dredging apparatus. There is nothing so delightful an old chapel; on entering which a person might to naturalists at all acquainted with the wonders of think that he had made a rapid transit to Madeira, as the deep, as a (lredging expedition; for it brings be sees so many tender exotics in the most healthy within their reach much that they could not otherand flourishing condition, with no other protection wisc expect to see. We were disappointed on finding than the ruined walls. One plant of Fuschia discolor that the larger boat was under repair; and as the is so reinarkable, that a friend and I had the curiosity small boat would have been unsafe with seven aboard, to measure it, and found that it was eighteen fcet in we set the females ashore on the Holy Isle, with height by twenty-two feet in breadth. It sows itself instructions to visit Sr Molios' cave, while we were 80 freely, that a numerous offspring may be seen carrying on the dredging operations. While rowing springing from the border, and even from the chinks to the dredging ground, we looked with delight around and crevices of the walls.

us. Seward, our view was bounded by the Holy It is pleasant to see, under the influence of taste, Isle; landward, we had not only the hills and glens and skill, and active industry, the face of nature 33 around Lamlash, but, towering above these humbler suming a more smiling aspect, and the grateful earth heights, we saw Goatfell and the adjoining cliffs, rendering more bountiful returns; but how much forming a noble background of rugged grandeur. more pleasant to see any portion of the moral wilder- | The bay itself, smooth as glass, reflecting, as in a ness beginning to blossom, and, instead of the natural mirror, the surrounding scene, gave us not only crop of thistles and thorns, rearing trees of righteous- mountains rising to the sky, but similar penks deness, soon to flourish in a happier land! As we are scending into the deep recesses of the sea. all bound to have a share in this spiritual husbandry, were about to explore these recesses for something should we not individually say to ourselves, What have else than mountain shadows. Accordingly, the dredgwe been doing? Ministers of the Gospel have a great ing began, and the first haul brought up some dozens responsibility; for to cach of them a large portion of of scallops. The scallops (or Pectens) are a beautithe field to be reclaimed is assigned. It is not all un sul tribe, and both the shell and its inhabitant show productive. Here and there, there are blossoms of forth the praises of the Lord. Are any disposed to hope, and sweet olive plants that need to be watered; think the scallop must lead a joyless life, lying inert and here and there, there are trees, over which the in the dungeons of the decp? The Picton, let me storms of many winters have passed, and which need tell them, is a happy, active creature. It can raise to be sustained. Should not the spiritual labourer go itself to the surface, and though unaided by fins, can often to see whether the vine flourish-whether the skim cleverly through the waves. I have seen a little tender

grape appear, and the pomegranate bud forth fleet of them skipping about most merrily, as if whether the tig tree put forth her green figs, and the engaged in some frolicsome dance. On watching vine with the tender grape give a good smell? But, their zig-zag evolutions, I found that their valves alas! when he looks for vines, and fig trecs, and pome

were to them in the water what wings are to a bird granates, how often does he find only crab trees and

* They are better known in Scotland under the name of wild olives, yielding, instead of mellow fruit, nothing I camis,

But we

in the air. Every time they opened and shut their the stem or quill of the feather, and you will see that valves, they were rapidly propelled several yards, it is full of red matter. That is the medullary pulp. and they had only to repeat the operation and Every plumule of the feather is a street. Even with their sportive movement was continued. Others the naked eye you may observe on each plumule may say: “ What a pity, poor things, that they are about a dozen notches or denticles. Each of these ! blind!”

Your pity is ag misplaced. You are is the house or cell, as it is called, of a polype; so that, happy in having two eyes, and will you pity the in a good specimen, we see a kind of marine village, scallop which has three dozen? Look at it when it which, under the teaching of God, has been beautiopens its shell. See you a circle of beads around the fully constructed by the thousand inhabitants which margin of its body, both in the upper and under it contains. valves? These pretty beads are sparkling eyes; 80 Along with this, we got some specimens of a kinthat He who made it, and made it to be happy, left dred zoophyte, of great beauty-Plumularia Cathait not to grope its way in darkness, either in the rina; specifically so named in honour of a highly acmazes of the dance or when engaged in searching complished lady,* to whom natural history is under for food at the bottom of the sea. But we were in great obligations. Neither of these had been got by search of something rarer than scallops, and now for us in the west before. There were several other the result.

pretty zoophytes, which some will thank me for Though at one haul we hau got abundance of scal. passing over unnamed. I may, however, mention lops or clams, it was not for the clams that we much that on the frond of Laminaria I got several goal cared, but for their parasitical accompaniments. specimens of Lepralia annulata—a zoophyte which Accordingly, we scraped off, with great care, what was new to Britain when I found it on the Ayrshire few would have thought deserving of the smallest coast some years ago. notice; for though, in the huddled state in which Every haul of the dredge brought us up something they adhered to the shell on being removed from the to increase the variety. There were several kinds of water, we could not precisely say what they were, star-fishes—such as Uraster glacialis (spiny Cross we were sure that they were well worth attending to fish); Goniaster Templetoni (Templeton's cushionWe were not disappointed. On floating them in star –rare); and many others which I shall pass over, fresh water, on our return to the shore, we found that I may attempt to describe one of surpassing that we had got several species of rare and beautiful beauty, not got on the west coast of Scotland, I be algæ. There were some small, but very fine speci- lieve, since the days of our distinguished zoologist, mens of Laurencia dasyphylla. There were four Pennant. This is Comatula rosacea, or the feathermost beautiful species of CalithamnionC. plumula, star. It is one which, even in dredging, a person C. byssuides, C. gracillimum, and C. pedicellatum. who does not know it is apt to pass over. It has no There were also specimens of Bonnemaisonia aspa- beauty when entangled among the roots of Lanirajoides, deriving its specific name from its resem naria. Fortunately, however, I took the trouble of blance to a branch of asparagus, though, instead of disentangling it, and great was my delight when, being green, it is pink. There were, besides, some having cast it into a tumbler of sea water, I saw it specimens of Griffithsia corallina—a beautiful plant, spreading itself out in all its beauty. Could I place which we had not before met with in the west of before you Professor Forbes' fine figure of it, you Scotland. It has been named Griffithsia as a tribute could not help admiring it. If you saw a fine little of respect to a worthy English lady, highly deserving scarlet ostrich feather in the water, waving with life, of the honour, whom we sometimes denominate the you would say: " What a beautiful object!" How Queen of Algologists.*

much stronger would be your expressions of admiraThese beautiful algæ were not the only parasites tion if, from the disc, or body in the centre, you or on the scallop shells. There was something more proceeding some twenty or thirty of these scarkt conspicuous, as it was about four inches in length, plumes, instinct with life, and exhibiting the most but certainly it did not seem more attractive. It graceful evolutions! What gives greater interest to was like a drookit white feather. But place it again it is, that in its young state this scarlet feather-ster in the water, and what does it become? It has re is mounted on a stem, and then it is the representscovered its state of collapse, and, though still like a tive of a tribe of marine animals now rare, bat which, feather, it is one of great beauty and elegance. It is in an early period of the world's history, must have Plumularia pinnata—a zoophyte; for we have risen been very common, viz., encrinites, or stone-lilies; for in the scale of being, and have now got among living their stems are abundant in almost every limestone creatures. You would not think that that beautiful quarry, and their detached joints are well known white feather had life; but it is only the habitations under the name of St Cuthbert's beads. These anthat you see.

The alarmed inhabitants have fled cient encrinites must have been giants compared into their houses. But place the polypidom, as it is with those of the present day; but great, and nume called, in a tumbler of sea water, and when the alarm rous, and lively as they once were, they now lie 27is over, the inhabitants will again appear. The tombed in the calcareous mud, hardened into limepolypes are hydra-form, and spread forth many ten

stone, and elevated by some great convulsion from tacula in search of food, which they greedily grasp. the bottom of the sea. And numerous and mighty The feather is formed of calcareous matter, mixed

* Mrs Catharine Johnston, Berwick - upon - Tweed, to with gelatine, to give it flexibility, so that it may the

whom her husband, Dr George Johnston, is indebted for better stand the buffeting of the waves. Observe

all the drawings, and many of the engravings, in his valuable * Mrs Griffith's, Torquay.


[blocks in formation]

as the human inhabitants at present on the face of, was Lepidogaster bimaculatus! But long though the the earth may appear in their own eyes, the time is name be, I must own that the fish itself is not quite fast approaching when the all-devouring grave shall 80 long and large as a whale; so that our Scottish have closed upon them, and the place that now knows fishermen need not expect any additional hogsheads them shall know them no more,

of blubber. Nay, it is not even so long as a haddock; But leaving the star-fishes, we came to a kindred 80 that the table will not groan under it when served tribe-the sea-urching. Besides the common one


“How long was it, then ?" It was (for it was full(Echinus sphera), and a less common one (Echinus grown)—it was .... nearly . . . . an inch and amiliaris), we got one which is certainly very rare in half in length! But though it may not furnish much the west of Scotland, for I had never got it before, nourishment for the body, it is our own fault if it viz., Spatangus purpureus. Every person knows the yield not some food for the mind. It has an organ common one found so abundantly on the shore, to be found in few of our British fishes; that is, a stripped of its spines, and called the sea-egg. The sucker, by which it can firmly adhere to other bodies. spines of the common one are a yellowish-white In general, this adhesive apparatus is on the under colour. Those on the back and sides are hair-like, surface of the body. In one, however, it is on the and pointed. Those on the under parts of the body crown of the head, and by this it has been found adare spoon-shaped, and are employed as shovels. The hering to the haddock. God gives no organ in vain. wisdom and goodness of God are very evident in the It is probable, however, that this adhesive apparatus formation of these spines, so well fitted for burrow- is for more purposes than we yet know of. But we ing. I remember placing one, which had been dug see that it may be useful for support and for protecup, on wet sand. It seemed to be motionless; but I tion. The Remora, which has the sucker on the soon found that the spoon-shaped spines were busily upper part of the head, has been found adhering to at work beneath, shovelling the sand from under it, another fish; and it is thus wafted through the waves so that it was sinking in the sand, while the long without any expenditure of its own strength. Others sharp upper ones were soon as busily employed in of them cling by it to rocks and stones; and this may spreading the loose sand over it. The purple-heart- afford protection, and may save them from being urchin which we now found, is larger and handsomer dashed to pieces in the storm. There is one kind, than the common one. It is a deep purple colour, called the Lump sucker, which, from it size and clumsiwith pale spines. Some of the spines on the back ness, might be very apt to suffer in stormy seas, were are very long, corresponding well with the figure of not its power of adhesion very great. Pennant menit given in Professor Forbes' History of British Star- tions, " that on placing a fish of this kind in a pail of Fishes, &c. It was gratifying to find on it a few water, it fixed itself so firmly to the bottom, that on specimens of Montacuta substriata, which is well taking it by the tail, the whole pail by that means known to be parasitical on the purple-heart-urchin. was lifted up, though it contained some gallons, and This beautiful little bivalve was an addition to my that without removing the fish from its hold." Small, cabinet of shells, as I had never seen it before. Why then, though the Bimaculated suckor is, which we it chooses to nestle among the spines of the purple- found on this occasion, is it not well fitted to teach us heart-urchin I cannot tell; but undoubtedly there is a lesson of wisdom? Often is the believer placed, as it some good reason.

were, in troubled seas; but there is a rock which no It would exhaust the patience of my readers were I storm can move. That rock is Christ. The little !' to enumerate the rare and beautiful shells we found. fish may be driven from its hold, and may perish in

They are, however, objects of great interest; and the storm; but let the believer, in the exercise of | both the shells and their inhabitants, whether great faith, cling to Christ, and he is perfectly safe in the or small, are well fitted to show forth the wonderful greatest tempest; for not only has he a hold of Christ, wisdom and goodness of the Lord. As above a hun- but Christ keeps fast hold of him, and no power in dred species were found now and on a former occa- heaven, or earth, or hell, can pluck the believer out sion, and as many of them were rare, I shall not of the Redeemer's hand. venture even to make a selection. A complete list of them is published in the “ Annals of Natural

TIME. History.”

Time was—is past; thou canst not it recall : But some of our readers, who like to hear of what

Time is—thou hast; employ the portion small can be turned to good account, may perhaps say:

Time future is not; and may never be : "Got you no fish when you were dredging ?" Yes;

Time present is the only time for thee. I am happy to say we did get one fish-and that one

Anox. was new to Scotland.* “What was it, pray?" It "Since I wrote the above, I have received a letter from

A WORD TO PARENTS William Thompson, Esq., Belfast, to whom I had sent the littic fish, that there might be no mistake in my statement as to the species. He says : " Lepidogaster bimaculatus

THE LORD'S TABLE. certain. I had it before, if memory fails not, from the Scot. tish coast; but 'tis a species only to be had by dredging, and I have, in my own pastoral experience, known many consequently known to very few. The L. Cornubiensis is young persons who, on coming, at an after period, littoral, at least on the coast of Clare, where I took it be to the knowledge of the truth and the real experience tween tide marks." I may add, that it is littoral also at the of its saving power, have acknowledged that nothing Mull of Galloway, where it was taken by the Rev. Mr Lamb, served more effectually, when they had “the form the worthy Free Church minister at Maidenkirk.

without the power," to settle their minds in secure

[ocr errors]


self-complacency, than their having been easily, and visited will be always remembered. It stereotypes in conformity with prevailing custom, admitted to itself in the mind; and its graceful proportions can Christian fellowship-tbeir having, in compliance be recalled without an effort, nay, sometimes without with counsel and persuasion, “ gove forraril to the table"_" taken the sacrament." There are, indeed, in

& wish. this matter, two extremes. There is the extreme of The season made it requisite for us to leave Milan representing the Lerd's supper as a great and fear- towards nightfall, and to travel by night; and as we ful mystery ----surrounding it with the barriers of in were now in the land of brigands and banditti, an tinnidation“ fencing the table" with the terrors of escort was needed for our safety. Two gens-d'armes, hell;-thus alarming and keeping back the more timid and self-distrustful, the very class who ought well mounted, and equipped for whatever might beto be encouraged; while the boider and more conti- fall, were engaged, and we slowly took the road to dent, simply because less seriously impressed and less Brescia, with an armed horseman on either side. worthy of encouragement, are insensible to the de- Pillage, and even murder, had been not infrequent signed restraint, and break through. And there is, about that period along the route, so that every tra on the other hand, the extreme of formalism and veller was constrained to journey thus defended; and custom--regarding it as one of the duties which be

as we hurried along in silence, and sometimes in come incumbent at a particular period of life, and urging compliance with it when that period arrives; alarm, we had occasion to ruminate again on the parents being uneasy when it passeg, till they have strange contrast between the land of Italy and the prevailed with their children to “come to the tuble;" | Italians—the one rich, luxuriant, and laden with forgetting that, till they have reason to believe them abundance-the other in many cases wretched, deto have undergone that change without which “ no one can enter into the kingdom of God," the pressing generate, and reckless even of human life. Whence of the observance of the outward rite' is but one of this contrast? Do we ascribe it to their wretched the many modes of deluding their souls. The first government? Is it to be traced to their yet more object of parents should be to bring their children to wretched superstition? Have habits of industry Christ; and as soon as, with calm conviction and been lost by their frequent wars, and the military sweet satisfaction and joy, they see their minds despotism under which they live? Or is there some spiritually enlightened, and their hearts surrendered to him; then it becomes more than right, it be- peculiarity in the Italian constitution which renders comes imperative, to suggest and urge the propriety so many of them lawless and wild, just as the Caribs and duty of “confessing Christ" by uniting in the have degenerated into cannibals, and the South Sea fellowship of his Church—by applying for a place at Islanders into thieves ? Whatever be the explanation, his table. Such suggestion becomes specially incum- certain it is that the traveller in Italy has sometimes bent, when decision of principle is associated, as it been compelled to become a man of bloodshed, in selfoften is, with constitutional diffidence and back- defence, so rapacious and unbridled are its people in wardness. - Memoir of the Rev. J. Reid, of Lellary, certain of its districts. As we travelled along the route by Dr Warıllar.

from Milan to Venice, we bought whole handtuls of

figs for a baiocco (halfpenny). Peaches, and other THE CITIES OF ITALY.

luscious fruits were equally abundant; and yet the

peasantry seemed haggard and wretched, as if, in BE THE REV. W. K. TWEEDIE, EDINBURGH.: some way or other, there were something political,

municipal, or religious, “ grinding the faces of the BRESCIA-VEROXA-VICENZA--PADUA-YENICE.


Brescia--the Brixia of the Romans-is signalized “ Tue fatal gist of beauty," bestowed on Italy, has in various respects. It has sometimes been the areng made it an object of cupidity to every conqueror from on which men, in this land of despotism, tried to colHannibal to Napoleon. The history of many cen- tend for some degree of liberty. Some bold thinkers turies is crowded with details of its conquest by have appeared in it from time to time; at the Re various masters-its invasion by Goths, Huns, Van- formation there were converts there who struggled to dals, (auls, and other tribes, till every plain is me throw off the incubus under which Europe was gruan morable as a battle-field, and every city as the scene ing; but under such oppression as that which weigis of some plot, or siege, or stratagem of war. The down the Italians, the love of liberty too often beret: whole country seems so obviously designed for the a lawless passion, rather than a steady principle; ani gentle employments of peace, while it has been so in consequence of this, those who, in other circu... thoroughly and so often overrun by devastating war, stances, would have been the friends of freedom, bare that the whole history of Italy exhibits the doings of often been precipitated into measures which hindered man in direct and manifest conflict with the pur- rather than promoted the accomplishment of the poses of God. All around Milan, for example, the object. Gentler remedies, they thought, would liave country is like one great battle-plain, where the been unavailing. Bolder efforts were, therefore

, tuale, teening productiveness of earth has an hundred sometimes by exasperated or destructive passions; and times been trouden down by the iron heel of war. the result of the failure consequent on such procedul

In leaving that city, and taking a last look of its ings is ever more grinding bondage than before-ware cathedral, we felt reconciled to another change of systematic, and what is worse, more defensible es scene by the fact, that once seen it could never be pression on the part of the ruler-more abject preforgotten. Like the Apollo in the Vatican, the Fallsstration on the part of the ruled. It has been thus of the Rhine, the Cascale at Terni, the basaltic repeatedly in Italy; and a history of these suppressed caves at Statřa, and some other spectacles which revolts-these fruitless efforts at the securing of freothousands basten to gaze at, the Milan Cathedral once | dom, would form a curious chapter in the bistory of

[blocks in formation]


the nation. But could the Italians enjoy freedom, resorted to by Catullus, and still, as of old, a noble in their present state of ignorance, although they | lake (thirty-five miles by fourteen) might detain us possessed it? Is there principle--is there virtue long, were this the place for classical enthusiasm; -is there religion enough, either to found or to but the city of cement a right political system-a system of steady rule, and not a succession of civil throes and convul

sions? While Popery tyrannizes over the mind, is now demands our notice. It claims an antiquity fi not despotism the only power that can coerce men superior to that of Rome; and is famed as the birthinto social order ?

place of Cornelius Nepos and Catullus. It presents But Brescia, which is an active, stirring town for such a medley of the modern and the antique, the Italy, is signalized also by the remains of an an classical and the grotesque, that the power of concient temple, discovered and disinterred about twenty trust makes it notable. Its modern history, as the years ago. It was dedicated or restored from decay seat of wars and congresses, and the temporary abode by the Emperor Vespasian-burned amid the con of emperors, kings, and princes, has given to it more vulsions of the fourth or fifth centuries, and then than usual importance. The Adige, which washes buried beneath the rubbish poured from the edifices it, has run red with blood; and the houses are still and rocks on the adjoining hill. The taste of the scarred and shattered by the bullets of Massena's ruin tells who were the builders; while the fragments army, when he and the Austrians contended here. of exquisite art discovered among the rubbish ex But these are ephemeral things, already sinking into hibit again how cultivated men may become, and yet oblivion, while the effects of Roman rule, and the continue ignorant of the living and true God. The grandeur that characterized all Roman efforts, still hand that moulded that beautiful image of Mercury, continue to stamp their character on the place, as if 90 aërial and light that it seems as if it needed no the Romans had but lately passed away. Scipio material support, was the band of a Pagan. The Maffei has added to the modern attractions of Verona mind that conceived the ornaments sculptured on by his genius and embellishments; but after all, it is that vase and that cenotaph was one in which all Rome – humbled, yet still influential Rome – the the abominations of Heathenism ruled. Jehovah Rome of eighteen centuries ago, that presides over was an unknown God to the builders and beautifiers | Verona. The chief street is spanned by a triumphal of that temple. Amid all their delicate perceptions arch of Roman times; and though the theatre of of the fair and the lovely in materialism, they could Palladio, the tomb of the Scaligers, and other marform no conception of “the beauty of holiness." vels, attract attention, one is constantly drawn away The Chief Good and the Chief End were alike un from these, as if by a secret charm, to admire the known; and one felt, as he stood on the tessellated still massive power of Rome, embodied as it is in pavement of the Temple of Brescia, that the chief remains, having for their object the pampering of pleasure which it occasioned arose from the fact, that personal and national vanity, or the feeding of that such a structure had passed away—that another line craving for blood which followed the Romans even of the mysteri ous history of our race and God's pur- | into their sports. poses with us laad been there decyphered, and another We refer mainly to the amphitheatre of Verona, step taken in the accomplishment of that mighty which was reared by Domitian or Trajan, or both. plan, according to which all are to know God, God | Excavations carried on over its vast extent during in Christ, from the least to the greatest. We could the congress of 18-2.2, hare laid bare the whole inadmire the taste of the artist, while we deplored the terior of the colossal pilc, and in ten minutes, nay, ignorance of God in which he lived-must we add Imost in the twinkling of an eye, one learns more of in which he died ? At the same time, the thought such structures than he ever gicaned from all who shot into the mind, that only the objects of man's ever treated of Roman antiquities. The benches for idolatry are changed since Vespasian's Temple at the patricians, the equites, and plebs—the various Brescia became a ruin-not man himself. Accom- approaches and vomitories for spectators—the dens plished artists then, were without God, and without for wild beasts, and the passages for them to enter the hope in the world—(Eph. ii. 12), and how many in our arena—the spot where the judges presided, and Roman own free land-accomplished-lettered-elegant in matrons decided when the gladiator had conquered, or mind, according to the standard of earth--are equally when he must die; in short, all that can indicate how ignorant of him, and the salvation unfolded by his bloodshed was reduced to system, and employed to Son! But why advert to others ? Commune with grace a holiday by this majestic people, can be traced thine own heart. Hast thou acquainted thyself with at a glance. The structure has undergone a kind of reGod? Dost thou know Him whom to know is life surrection; and, in point of duration, may actually be eternal (1 John v. 20), apart from whom all is regarded as only in its infancy, so massive and durable spiritual death?--(1 John v. 12).

does it seem. The height of the exterior wall was But our movements must be onward, like those of

one hundred and sixty feet. The highest gallery is time; and as one traverses this fair land, he comes about one hundred feet from the ground. The cirto understand better than when he tried at school cumference is one thousand three hundred and fifty to spell and syllable the lines, why Italy was thus feet, and it is calculated that the amphitheatre could apostrophized of old :

contain about fifty thousand spectators, or nearly the “ Salve, magna parens frugum, Saturnia Tellus, entire modern population of Verona. Magna vir Om."

To heighten the effect of this vast pile, a company The Lago di Guarda (Benacus) sung by Virgil, 1 of players, in a wooden booth erected on the arena,

« VorigeDoorgaan »