« VorigeDoorgaan »
THE SUPERIORITY OF A FREE GRACE, &c.
but as to peace in my heart, I had as yet not the the winged arrow. Let this encourage us in regard lcast experience of it.
to the circulation of the Word in Popish countries. “ The good providence of God led me to Geneva. Had it not been for it, humanly speaking, these Such was the anguish of my spirit that I did not know where to turn for comfort. But it was here priests would not have been brought to the knowthat my God, in his infinite compassion, took pity on
ledge of the truth, at least not at so early a day in O Holy Bible ! what blessings dost thou pour their history. No one can tell what rapid changes into the heart of a poor sinner, when the Holy Spirit may appear, even in lands apparently the most hopebrings him to the feet of the Lamb that taketh away lessly benighted. It is not necessary to wait for the the sins of the world!
slow operation of Protestant agents. The Spirit may “Some of the passages that especially were the means of bringing me that peace which the world
work by the Word ere friends or foes are well aware. cannot give, are the following :-1 Pet. ii. 24; 1 John
2. We see how false is the charge, that Evangelical i. 7; Gal. ii. 13; Col. ii. 14; Rom. iii. 20; Eph. ii. religion makes men gloomy and miserable. The 3, &c. But I must stop, for my quotations might | facts of the cases which have been quoted prove the comprise most of the Word of God."
very reverse. They show that salvation by free grace It is plainly to this interesting person that Dr is the first thing to make sinners truly happy, and Merle D'Aubigné refers, in his speech before the that the opposite system—the system of nature—is the “Foreign-Aid Society" in London, when he says: very nurse of misery. How wretched were all the " Another Spaniard, who had formerly been priest four priests while under the dominion of self-righand almoner in the Carlist army, and who had re teousness !-how happy were they as soon as brought ceived from Don Carlos the order of Isabella, arrived under the power of a gratuitous salvation! And as it at Geneva a few months ago. I always recollect his was with them, so it has been with multitudes. Free first visit. He had acknowledged the errors of grace lays a foundation for immediate happiness. Popery, but not the truths of the Gospel. “How do Many who receive may not enjoy it so quickly; but you think you shall be saved,' I said to him. “By they have a warrant, in the nature of the case, to do works,' he answered; but by works which the so. Salvation is as finished and sure to the believing grace of God alone enables me to perform. I im soul the first moment that it receives the truth as it mediately imparted to him the doctrine of justifica- can be at any future period. It is no fault of the tion by faith in the blood of Jesus Christ. Then free grace of the Gospel that believing sinners do that fine dark, gloomy, and Spanish countenance not always or immediately rejoice. How rapid were brightened up, as if the sun had fallen upon it-joy the happy changes described in the tract before us! beamed from his eye, and over his whole face. I but not more rapid than many changes recorded in never saw such a transformation. He is one of the the Scriptures of the same nature. Let us never forfour priests who abandoned Rome, and who published get the joy—the immediate happiness, of a gratuitous a work a short time ago, which is translated into salvation, contrasted with the intense, protracted, English. These four priests have been studying all and ever-growing misery, of a salvation by the works this winter in our school of theology, among our and services of the sinner. Let us think how honourstudents. We have now temporarily sent into France | ing joy is to true religion-how glorifying to Christthe ex-almoner of Don Carlos, and the chevalier of how recommendatory to his kingdom. Strange, that Isabella. The Catholic, with his cross upon his the Gospel should be blamed for the want, or the breast, has not been afraid to become a simple col opposite, of the very thing in which it excels! Such, porteur of the Bible. He is a man dear to me. however, are the perversity and blindness of the May Spain abound with such men!"
human heart, while all the time clinging to what Such are four recent and most interesting cases of is essentially wretched. Ah! when will the vicconversion to God. They warrant one or two gene tims of self-righteousness, whether Popish or Proral inferences.
testant, be entitled to rejoice in the joy of the poor 1. We may see the value of the Word as the in converted priests ? strument of salvation. Plainly a Divine Agent was 3. We may gather how false is the allegation, that standing behind in every case, and penetrating into free grace leads to indolence and sin. How did it the heart. Apart from His grace, all would have operate in the cases before us ? Self-righteousness, been vain; but, in connection with this, one cannot fairly aroused, may have made men busy; but it but mark the importance of the Word. In three of brought no sanctification. The parties themselves the four cases the change is directly traced to the declare, that their evil purposes and propensities, Scriptures. The priests do not seem to have had under it, remained as before—that outward reformaany instruction from men. Indeed, from their posi tions left the heart the prey of evil. Was it so under tion and character, they could not be expected, while the power of free grace ? Far from it. Not only priests, to have much communication with Protes was there a fresh and happy activity-a hungering tant ministers or missionaries; and yet the greatest and thirsting to do good to others—but sanctification change is wrought out in their character. While no received a new impulse, as well as a far more compremeans, and much less the preaching of the Gospel, hensive range. The parties, with all humility, speak are disparaged, the Spirit very frequently honours his of themselves as new men-full of love to the Reown work-the Word of Truth. Often it will be deemer, and anxious for his glory. Indeed, it could found, that even where it is rather the preaching of not be otherwise. Happiness, under the grace of the Word than the reading of the Scriptures, which the Spirit, leads to holy activity and usefulness. is acknowledged by the Spirit, it is some text or Genuine devotion, too, assimilates instinctively to passage quoted from the Sacred Volume which proves God-carrying the soul into his presence, and keep
ing it ever there. How elevated and sanctified the none but God could hear, was poured out a voice state of mind which breathed forth such sentiments from a burdened soul. The elder was upon his knees.
His bosom heaved with emotion. His soul was in an as these !
agony. That voice of prayer was continued at uter“ How great was my happiness when, thus disen-vals through the livelong night. In that room was cumbered of a service which is but a kind of spurious a wrestling like that of Jacob. There was a prevailJudaism, and of vain ceremonial observances, I lived ing like that of Israel. It was a pleading with the according to the spirit of true Christianity, and, Most High for an unwonted display of his power and leaving the deceptive adoration of saints, worshipped grace, with the confidence that nothing was too hard only the Father, to whom I sought access by the Son for the Almighty. It was a night of prayer-of elalone! What unction in those heart-conceived treaty of importunity. It was prayer, as a man prayers addressed to the Eternal by the mediation of would pray for the life of a friend who was on the Jesus Christ! It is in such true prayers that the eve of execution. humble soul feels the presence of God, and proves all the power of the Spirit. How little to be accounted
SCENE III.-THE PRATER-MEETING. of are the conflicts, how light the persecutions, of the
The meeting was still and solemn as eternity. The world, when one can thus pour out one's soul before house was crowded to its utmost capacity. It w8$ 3 the Eternal! How firm our standing in this life of cheerful evening, and the astrals threw their mellom faith !"
light over the dense assembly. Now the song of praise resounds from all parts of the room, and there
is a heart in the utterance which belongs not to other THE UNANSWERABLE ARGUMENT.
times. Now the voice of one and another ascende in SCENE I.-THE PASTOR'S STUDY.
prayer; and such prayer is seldom heard except in
the time of genuine revivals of religion. The silent “ Have you conversed with our Infidel and scoffing tear steals down many a cheek. The almost inaudifriend, Mr R, on the subject of religion, to-day?"
ble sigh escapes from many a bosom. An intense said the venerable pastor to a neighbour who sat near interest sits on every countenance, and the voice of him.
prayer is the voice of all. One after another arises, “I have, and at great length; but was unable to and tells the listening company what “the Lord has make the least impression upon his mind. You know done for his soul." There stands Mr R, once that he is a man of extensive reading, and is a per- the Infidel--now the humble believer in Jesus. He fect master of all the ablest Infidel writers. He re
is clothed in a new spirit. His face shines as did the gards the fortress in which he has entrenched himself face of Moses when he had seen God face to face. us impregnable. You know his ready wit; and when He is a new creature in Christ Jesus. he finds he cannot talk you down, he will laugh you “I stand,” said Mr R "to tell you the story down. I can say no more to him. He made my of my conversion.” His lips trembled slightly as he errand the butt of ridicule for the whole company. spoke, and his bosom heaved with suppressed emo“ Then you consider his case hopeless ?”
tion. “ I am as a brand plucked out of the burning. "I do indeed. I believe him to be given over of The change in my views and feelings is an astonishGod to believe a lie; and I expect to see him fill up ment to myself; and all brought about by the grace his cup of iniquity to the very brim, without repen- of God, and that unanswerable argument. It was a tance, and to die a hardened and self-ruined man." cold morning in January. The sun was just rising,
“Shall nothing, and can nothing more be done for and sending his dim rays through the fleecy clouds him ?”—and the pastor arose, and walked the floor The fire was burning, and I had just begun my leof his study, under the influence of deep agitation; bour at the anvil in my shop, when I looked out, while his neighbour leaned over the table, with his and saw elder B-approaching. He dismounted face buried in both his hands, lost in silent medita- quickly, and entered. As he drew near, I saw he tion.
was agitated. His look was full of earnestness. His It was now a solemn time in the parish. The eyes were bedimmed with tears. He took me by the preaching of the pastor for many Sabbaths had been hand. His breast heaved with emotion, and with ull of earnestness and power. The Church was indescribable tenderness he said : Mr R, I am reatly quickened. The spirit of prayer prevailed. greatly concerned for your salvation-greatly conMany were inquiring what they should do to be cerned for your salvation;' and he burst into tears. saved. Many, too, were rejoicing in hope, and the He stood with my hand grasped in his. He strug. whole community were moved, as with one silent, gled to regain self-possession. He often essayed to but mighty impulse.
speak, but not a word could he utter; and finding But unmoved, unconcerned, stood the Infidel, amid that he could say no more, he turned, went out of the many changes of heart and inind which were
the shop, got on his horse, and rode slowly away going on around him, proud of his position, and con Greatly concerned for my salvation !' said I fident in his strength; and able, as he believed him- audibly, and I stood and forgot to bring my hammer self to be, to resist every influence, human and down. There I stood with it upraised – greatly coadivine, which might be brought to bear upon him. cerned for my salvation! Here is a new argument ! The pastor had often approached him, and had as for the truth of religion, which I have never heard often been repulsed. As a last resort, he had re before, and which I know not how to answer. Had quested his able and skilful neighbour, a lawyer of the elder reasoned with me, I could have confounded piety and talents, to visit Mr R, and endeavour him; but here is no threadbare argument for the to convince him. But it was like attempting to rea truth of religion. Religion must be true, or this man son with the tempest, or still the thunder, or soothe would not feel as he does. "Greatly concerned for the volcano.
my salvation !!--it rung through my ears like a thun
der-clap in a clear sky. Greatly concerned I ought SCENE II.-THE ELDER'S CLOSET.
to be for my own salvation, said (-what shall I do? | There was a fire blazing upon the hearth in that "I went to my house. My poor pious wife, wirots little room.
The wind was howling without; the I had always ridiculed for her religion, as I called it, snow was whirled in eddies, and was swept with vio cxclaimed: Why, Mr R, what is the matter lence aguinst the casement. It was a cold night in with you?' Matter enough,' said I,' matter enough January. In that secret and retired chamber, where filled with agony, and overwhelmed with a sense of
sin. • Old elder B has rode two miles this cold vessel and flowers of a saint, which he was intending morning to tell me he was greatly concerned for my to strew in honour of Shiva. This saint, or sunyasalvation. What shall I do? what shall I do?' see, in his rage, swallowed the whole river; but at
“I do not know what you can do,' said my now Bhagiruth's request, he had to disgorge it again. astonished wife; 'I do not know what better you can Another iniraculous story, related in the Shasters, of do, than to get on your horse and go and see the the origin of the Ganges is the following: Shiva's elder. He can give you better counsel than I, and wife, Parbatti, touched his right eye; as this is the tell you what you must do to be saved.'
sun, a general confusion was caused in the creation. "No sooner said than done. I mounted my horse To prevent mischief, Shiva caused a third eye to grow and pursued after him. I found him alone in that out above his nose. His wife perceiving her imprusame little room where he had spent the whole night dence, removed the finger, but a tear remained on it, in prayer for my poor soul-where he had shed many and as this tear fell to the ground, the Ganges tears over such a reprobate as I, and had besought sprung out of it; hence, the water is so sacred that God to have mercy upon me.
those who bathe in it wash away every sin. “I am come,' said I to him, 'to tell you that I All the sects of the Hindus, and their name is am greatly concerned for my own salvation.'
Legion," are agreed in this. Whatever may be their “*Praised be God!' said the elder. It is a faith- differences on other points, when meeting on the ful saying, and worthy of acceptation, that Jesus banks of the Ganges they cease to strive, and look Christ came into the world to save sinners, even the on each other as friends. So sacred is the water, very chief;' and he began at that same Scripture, and that the Hindu will swear by the name of any other preached to me Jesus. On that same floor we knelt, god, rather than by Gunga. Hence, in courts of and together we prayed; and we did not separate justice witnesses are generally sworn by holding a that day till God spoke peace to my soul. I have bason of Ganges water in their hands. often been requested to look at the evidence of the At certain seasons and constellations, bathing in truth of religion; but, blessed be God, I have evidence this river is exceedingly meritorious; the act delivers for its truth here"-laying his hand upon his heart, the sinner, with three millions of his ancestors, from " which nothing can gainsay or resist. I have often the punishment of hell; and the crimes of a thousand been led to look at this and that argument for the former births are atoned for. At such festivals I truth of Christianity, but I could overturn and, as I have seen tens of thousands on the road, travelling thought, completely demolish and annihilate them to the sacred stream. The town of Burdwan was all. But I stand here to-night, thankful to acknow sometimes crowded with those pilgrims, and swarms ledge that God sent an argument to my conscience of them were seen bivouacking at night under trees and heart which could not be answered or resisted, in the open air. These poor people often travel two when the weeping elder came to me to tell me how or three hundred miles to obtain the benefits progreatly concerned he was for my salvation. God mised. On their return, they take kulsees, or large taught him that argument, where he gpent the night round vessels, full of water, home with them, to conbefore him in prayer for my soul. Now I can truly vey some of the same blessings to their friends who say, I am a happy man. My peace flows like a river. have remained behind. At sacred spots, such as My consistent, uncomplaining wife, who so long bore Benares, one hundred thousand men are often seen with my impiety and unbelief, now rejoices with me, assembled on the banks of the Ganges, especially at that by the grace of God I am what I am-that the time of an eclipse. As soon as the shadow of the whereas I was blind, now I see. And here permit earth touches the moon, the whole mass, upon a cerme to say, if you would wish to reach the heart of tain signal given, plunge at once into the stream; and, such a poor sinner as I, you must get your qualifica- from the pressure of the water, a mighty wave rolls tions where the good old elder did—in your closet; and towards the opposite shore, which sometimes upsets as he did-on his knees. So it shall be with me. I boats filled with people. When all is over, the poor will endeavour to reach the hearts of my Infidel people get out of the water, and return home, under friends through the closet and by prayer."
the delusive idea of having obtained remission of sin He sat down overcome with emotion, amid the and perfect purity. The sins which are afterwards tears and the suppressed sobs of the assembly. All committed run on to a new account, which is to be were touched; for all knew what he once was--all cleared off at their next visit. In performing these daw what he had now become.
ceremonies, not the least idea of a deeper and sym“ Time, on his noiseless wing, pursues his rapid bolical meaning enters the mind of the Hindu—the flight." Years have gone by--and the good old elder Shasters teach nothing of the kind; no, the river is a has been numbered with the dead. But the con god personified—it is the water which cleanses, sancverted Infidel still lives-an earnest, honest, faithful, tifies, and raises the soul to heaven. The mind has humble Christian.
been petrified by the religion which ascribes divine virtue to visible and material things.
The Ganges is the dying-bed and the grave of the THE GANGES.
Hindu. He is very anxious to breathe out his soul If you ask the Hindu how he hopes to obtain for on its banks, in order that his last sins may be blotted giveness of his sins and the salvation of his soul, he out by the sight of its water. When the patient invariably points to the Ganges-here is his principal appears to approach death, he is removed from the means of salvation. This deified river will heal and circle of his friends, and carried away. Let the heat purify everything that is norally bad and corrupt in be parching, or the wind blow cold, the dying man is man. The origin of it is related in various ways. A set down on the river's brink, being, when poor, saint called Bhagiruth, led an ascetic life for many sometimes barely covered with a rag. years. Upon his prayer, the Ganges descended from I have often been a spectator of this revolting heaven; that is, the Himalaya Mountain. The gods scene. Once, I remember two sons prepared their would not agree to this descent, saying, they had aged father for death. It was a morning in January, many sins to wash off likewise. "Brahma promised when the piercing northerly wind is severely felt in them that, although it descended to the earth, it Bengal. They poured several basons full of water should, at the same time, remain in heaven. Vishnu over his head; and then they placed the shivering then
gave Bhagiruth a shell; and whenever he blew body in the stream, and rubbed the upper part of it it, the Ganges followed him at his heels. At a cer with mud, at the same time calling the names Gunga, tain place he unfortunately carried away the brazen Ram, Narayun, in his ears. The sight of the dying
father went through my heart: but this is to die into the stream; they then washed their hands, and happily, in the opinion of the Hindus. The Shasters walked away in sullen apathy. promise him all the glories of Shiva's heaven; he will Suicide is thought peculiarly meritorious when shine there brighter than a thousand suns; and millions committed near this river. The wife belongs to her of virgins are standing ready for his service, with husband, even after his death, and great is her coaches and palankeens in abundance. Surely the sanctity if she follow him immediately on his de shores of the Ganges belong to “the dark places of cease; hence the suttee, or the burning of widows. the earth, which are full of the habitations of with the bodies of their husbands; but this inhuman cruelty."
custom has been abolished by a law enacted by the Once a wicked Brahman died, and Yama, the god East Indian Government. There are, according to of the infernal regions, took him into hell. His an anatomical sketch of the Shasters, thirty-eight corpse was, as is usual, burned; a crow flew away millions of hairs on the human body. The widow who with one of his bones, and let it fall into the Ganges; allows herself to be burned will dwell as many years no sooner had it reached the water, than his soul left with her husband in heaven. In most instances the hell, riding in a splendid chariot to heaven.
poor creatures are said to have been persuaded to it " Truly," said an excellent missionary, with the by the Brahmans. Many have jumped down from River Ganges in his sight, “no tyrant has ever the pile as soon as the flame touched them, but have brought greater misery over the earth, than those been forcibly thrown into the fire again. religious legislators have done who made a god of In holy places where two rivers meet, suicides by that river." Millions are, through this, annually drowning are frequently committed. Leprous people drawn away from their homes; fornication, and other kill themselves by having a grave dug on the banks; crimes are committed by the pilgrims on the way; a fire is kindled therein, and the poor wretch throws and hundreds of thousands are dragged from a dry himself into it. By this means he hopes to acquire and clean dying-bed, to breathe out their lives in the merit of entering into a healthy body at his nest this watery grave. The dying person often sees the transmigration, stake created on which his corpse is to be burned: And who can number the crowd of innocent babes nor is the body allowed to get cold; but as soon as who were sacrificed to Gunga, before the Governlife is extinct, it is put on the pile, and the fire ment made it a capital crime? At a great festival kindled. Instances are not rare, when the body was in the island of Gunga Sagor, near the mouth of the not really dead, and when it rose up, as the flame Ganges, hundreds of mothers, who had made the began to scorch it. In such a case the Hindus be- cruel vow, threw their little ones into the water, to hieve a bad spirit has entered the corpse, and knock be devoured by sharks and alligators. One thing is ! it down with bamboog. The skull, which cannot be certain—so long as Hinduism exists, human sacrifices consumed in the fire, must be crushed by the nearest will never be entirely abolished, though the Governrelative, that the soul may escape. In performing ment may continue to issue orders against it. Many this dreadful operation he often sprinkles his gar a cruel mother is yet throwing away her belpless ment with the brains, which have become liquid in babe to the jackals at night, especially if it be a girl. the fire; the ashes are then thrown into the river. -Protestant Missions in Bengal. The poorer classes make far less ceremony, and throw the body in as it is, and frequently it is again cast on shore. I have seen dogs, jackals, and vultures, fight
ON FRIENDSHIP. ing for and devouring the corpses, and crows sitting on the floating carcasses, tearing off the flesh. In Hast thou a friend as heart may wish at will? times when fevers and cholera prevail in large towns, Then use him so, to have his friendship still. hundred and thousands of bodies are daily and weekly Wouldst have a friend—wouldst know what friend thrown into the river, and the fires on which they are is best? consumed continue burning day and night: in those Have God thy friend, who passeth all the rest.
H sensons the shores of the Ganges resemble a charnelhouse.
TUSSER. I one day witnessed on the shores of this river a striking contrast between Christianity and Hinduism. On walking along the banks near the town of
THE MONKS AT MOUNT SINAL Colgong, I discovered a monument in memory of the From the inmates of St Catherine's Monastery st child of a British officer. During his passage down Mount Siniai, who, including both the regular clergy the river, from a distant station, his infant died, and and their lay-assistants, are twenty-three in number, he had to perform the mournful duty of burying the my fellow-travellers and myself received much kindbody on the shore, desecrated by heathen
abomina- ness. Like all the other recluses of the Greek Church, tions. The following epitaph, which I read on the the monks belong to the order of St Basil, the rules tombstone, called forth my deep sympathy :
of which they rigidly observe. Their seclusion they “Dear little babe, thy spirit's fled,
do not seem to have improved for the cultivation of Thy tender frame lies here,
deep and rational devotion, for pursuits of study, And o'er thy loved remains we shed
or for evangelistic effort, in which-if their perpetual But Faith within the Saviour's armas
vows, through which they deprive themselves of their Views thee removed from pain,
Christian liberty, could be overlooked—some apology And Faith the sting of Death disarms,
might be found for their situation. Some of them And says. We'll meet again;'
confessed to me that, in the multiplicity of their When we through Christ shall be like theeHeirs of a blest eternity."
public authorized services, they could dispense alto
gether with private prayer and the perusal of the Shortly afterwards, I saw near the same spot two Scriptures. It was painful, indeed, to witness the Hindus carrying the body of their deceased or dying manner in which they conduct divine worship in the relative to the river side. They deposited it on the church of the convent, dedicated to the "metamoreand, and walked several times round it, making phosis," or transfiguration. The lengthy Greek ser various ceremonies. One of the men then laid hold vice, they read and chanted with the greatest irrere of the head, and another of the feet, and
having rence, and altogether unintelligible rapidity. Their • alked slowly into the water, and torn off the
cloth ceremonious genuflections, and prostrations, and inInich it was wrapped' up, they flung the corpse vocations, before the pictures of the saints, the
The bitter, bitter tear;
large cross on the screen which separates the altar of systematic murderers, called Thugs, and other from the nave, and at the feet of their own superior, bands of men who live by the fruits of violent burbore but too certain evidence of their practice of glaries, and perform religious ceremonies to Kali in idolatry under the very shadow of that mountain celebration of their successes, from which God himself spake the words : “ Thou 8. In the whole of the vast provinces of Bengal shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any and Behar, it has been ascertained that the proporlikeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that tion of individuals who can even read is as five and a is in the earth beneath, or that is in the waters under half to one hundred; and the lack of knowledge in the earth." When they showed us their library, in some other parts of India is still greater. which we found a considerable number of works in 9. A large body of the people of India are under the Arabic and Syriac, as well as Greek languages, the influence of such fearful superstitions, that myboth printed and in manuscript, they could give us no riads annually leave their families and homes, to general account of its contents, and acknowledged undertake pilgrimages to distant temples, where, that, excepting its ecclesiastical service-books, it was for the most part, the Brahmans whom they reveto them merely useless lumber. The copies of the rence, live in idleness and sin; and of these pilgrims Scriptures, too, which had been presented to them many thousands die of cold, starvation, and diseases, by Dr Joseph Wolff, during his first visit to the con on the roads. Tent, for their individual use, had been added to the 10. It is an ascertained fact, that in some parts of common stock, and were quite neglected. Only one India, mothers, from a depraved sense of duty, conor two of the appeared to be able to converse in stantly sacrifice their female children. Arabic with the surrounding children of the desert, 11. So little has Christian England yet fulfilled her the religious instruction of whom, they confessed, obligations to the people of India, that her Governthey entirely neglected. No greater proof of the ment has only within a few years ceased to support want of pastoral care of themselves, or rather of their idolatrous temples, to compel her troops to pay predecessors, can be found than the fact, that they homage to idols passing in procession, to administer have allowed the body of the Jebeliyah, or mnoun idolatrous oaths in her courts of justice, and actually taineers, who are entirely dependent upon them, as to teach in her colleges, together with the fallacious their menial servants, and who are the descendants sciences of the Hindus, some of the very religious of Christian slaves said to have been sent to the con errors which the missionaries have to combat. vent by the Emperor Justinian, to become Mussal 12. The expense of the Burmese war was twelve mans. I did not hear of a single Arab to whom they millions sterling, and the expense of the Affghan war have access having been instructed by any of them was six millions; but not a single rupee does the in the faith of Christ. Except in as far as they prac Government spend on Christian missions. tise hospitality to travellers who visit the grand and 13. The present state of the public mind in India, terrific scenery and hallowed localities among which notwithstanding the comparative smallness of the they dwell, they seem never to aim at usefulness Christian means that have been employed to elevate among their fellow-creatures.-Dr Wilson's Lecture the condition of the people, shows that the labours on Foreign Churches.
of the missionaries have not been in vain in the Lord, and bids us thank God and take courage.
14. The Bible is translated into Bengali, HinduA FEW FACTS ABOUT INDIA MISSIONS. stani, Hindee, Tamul, Marathi, Urya, and nearly all
the dialects of India; scriptural tracts and school"The harvest truly is plenteous, but the labourers are few; books in all these languages are now prepared, and
pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he will send forth labourers into his harvest."-Mart. ix. 37, 38.
are annually circulated in great numbers; there is a
thirst for education; the English language is spread1. The population of British India is now consi- | ing; old prejudices are giving way; the missionary dered, by the best statists, to be upwards of one hun schools are well attended; and the Word of God is dred and forty millions.
listened to attentively by crowds, at fairs and fes2. For this population it is doubtful if there are so tivals. “The fields are white unto the harvest." many as two hundred European and American mis “ Who, then, is ready to consecrate his service this sionaries; that is, only one missionary to every seven day unto the Lord ?"_Calcutta Christian Herald. hundred and fifty thousand people.
3. If ministers of the Gospel were supplied to Great Britain and Ireland in the same proportion, there
An iscellaneous. would be only eighteen in all England, four in Scotland, and eléren in Ireland-only thirty-three in the whole United Kingdom.
IDLENESS travels very leisurely, and Poverty soons
overtakes her.-Hunter. 4. The population of the small district in which Calcutta is situated, called the Twenty-Four Pergun mark of a fool: a wise man doubteth—a fool rageth,
HASTE NOT WISDOM.- Hasty conclusions are the nabs, exceeds the population of the whole of the West India Islands, and there are several districts in
and is confident: the novice saith, I am sure that it is Bengal which are still more populous.
so; the better learned answers, Peradventure it may 5. There are several districts in Bengal, like Pubna, be so; but I prithee inquire. Some men are drunk Rajshye, Bogora, and Mymunsing, in each of which with fancy, and mad with opinion. It is a little the population exceeds a million; 'several large dis- learning, and but a little, which makes men conclude tricts and populous towns in other parts of India; hastily. Experience and humility teach modesty several extensive dependent countries, like Oude and
and fear. Jeremy Taylor. Gwalior; and several important neighbouring coun
COMPANY.—No man can be provident of his time, tries , like Cashmere and Nepal, which have no mis- who is not prudent in the choice of his company.
Ibid. 6. There are several extremely populous districts, NEEDLESS ENMITIES.—That prudence which the like Jessore, Midnapore, Dinagepore, Bheerboom, world teaches, and a quick susceptibility of private and Burdwan, which at present have only a single interest, will direct us to shun needless enmities; missionary each.
since there is no man whose kindness we may not 7. The state of the people who are thus neglected some time want, or by whose malice we may not is such, that there exist among
them religious bands some time suffer.-Johnson.
sionary at all.