all, when he works contrary to means. It is a great Daily Bread. work to open the eyes of the blind—a greater still

, by applying clay and spittle, things more likely, as FRIDAY.

some think, to take away than to restore sight. He “Grace to help."-HEB. iv. 16.

sent dreadful darkness on Abraham, when he was The boundless love that found out me

preparing to give him the best light. He fearfully For every soul of man is free ;

shook Jacob, when he was going to bless him. He None of thy mercy need despair :

smote Paul with blindness, when he was intending to Patient, and pitiful, and kind. Thee every soul of man may find,

open his mind.

He refused the request of the And, freely saved, thy grace declare.

woman of Canaan for a time; but afterwards she

obtained her desire.-Rowlands. There is a throne of grace erected for us to come to; a Mediator of grace appointed, in whose name to

TUESDAY. come—the Spirit of grace given to help our infirmi

“ He that humbleth himself shall be exalted."ties, and an angwer of peace promised to every prayer

Luke xviii. 14. of faith: and all this that we might fetch in not only

My trespass was grown up to heaven; sanctifying, but comforting grace, “ in every tiine of

But far above the skies, need."—Heb. iv. 16.-Henry.

In Christ abundantly forgiven,

I see thy mercies rise. SATURDAY. " In all these things we are more than conquerors, through according to the force with which they strike it cu

Those who are accustomed to play ball, know, that
Him that loved us." - Rom. viii. 37.
Now before my face ye fly;

the ground, will be its rebounding upwards. So it More than conqueror now I am ;

is with men; those commonly who are struck down Sin, the world, and hell defy,

with the greatest force, and the lowest, as to the In Jesus' powerful name.

view of their own misery, rise the highest in glory. Are you called to exercise self-denial? Abraham | They to whom much is forgiven, will love much; but looks down from heaven upon you, and tells you that they who see and feel but little of their own sin and he was ready to sacrifice his beloved Isaac. Are you misery, will not see nor feel but little of God's mers afraid of the scoft's and jeers of a fleering world; and goodness. He who slowly goes down into a right Noah builded an ark; Moses relinquished the ho view of his own wretchedness, will rise but slowly to nours of Pharaoh's court, and met with as many per

a clear view of God's glory; and he who will not thus secutions and afflictions, and underwent as many

go down at all, will never rise.-Ibid. taunts and flouts, as you are like to do. Are you called to lay down your lives for the testimony of

WEDNESDAY. Jesus and a good conscience? Stephen tells you a “ Happy is the people whose God is the Lord."storm of stones tell upon him, and brake open the

Ps. cxliv, 15. prison, and set the prisoner free: his soul escaped;

Happy the man whose hopes rely it broke out of the cage, and as a bird, took wing,

On Israel's God: he made the sky,

And carth, and seas, with all their train: and flew to heaven. Are you assaulted with tempta

His truth for ever stands secure: tions ? St Paul looks down, and tells you that he

lle saves the opprest, he feeds the poor, had much stronger temptations than you have, and

And none shall find his promise vain. yet he got safe to heaven.--Hopkins.

How happy, O Lord, is the man that hath thet

for his God! He can want nothing that is good; he SABBATH,

can be hurt by nothing that is evil: his sins are " Who hath believed our report?"-ISA. liii. I. pardoned; his crosses are sanctified; his prayers are Long do men sit beneath the sound

heard: all that he hath are blessings; all that he of thy salvation, Lord; But still how weak their faith is found,

suffers are advantages: his life is holy; his death And knowledye of thy Word!

comfortable; his estate after death glorious !Heli. Where is the preacher, the close of whose Sabbaths is not imbittered by the review of unprofitable

THURSDAY. ness? You invite us to your tables--you crowd us in

“Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ."-? PET. I. II. our temples ; but you compel us to retire from both,

All the names that love could find, complaining: “Who hath believed our report? and

All the forms that love could take, to whoin is the arm of the Lord revealed ?

Jesus in himself hath join'd,

Thee, my soul, his own to make. condemn your practice: you thank us for our good sermons, and proceed. Your approbation does not Christ executes the office of a prophet in our ca”hinder your sinning, nor your silining your approba- ing; of a priest in our justification; and of a king in : tion. Where are the evidences of our success? Are

our sanctification. Let us, then, hear him as our prithey to be heard in the inquiry : “ Sirs, what must I phet, rely on him as our priest, and obey him as our do to be saved ? " Are they to be seen in your dead- king. Think not the worse of him for his manger or ness to the world—in your self-denial—in your taking

As he ceaseth not to be man in his highest up the cross-in your heavenly-mindedness-in serv

estate, so he was God in his lowest. His words were ing your generation according to the will of God oracles, and his works miracles. His life was a -in being examples to others ?Jay.

pattern; his death a sacrifice; his resurrection glont |

ous; his ascension triumphant; his intercession preMONDAY.

valent; and his coming again will be magnificent “ With great mercies will I gather thee."- Isa, liv, 7.

All the angels in heaven adore him, and all the devils Leave to God's sovereign sway

in hell fear him, and all the sons and daughters of To choose and to command;

Adam must stand before him.-Mason.
So shalt thou, wondering, own his way
How wise, how strong bis hand !

Edinburgh: Printed by JOHN JOHNSTONE, residing al :: The Almighty may appear to be thine enemy for Windsor Street, and Published by him at , Hunter a time, that he may be thine everlasting friend. His Square. London: R. GROOMBRIDGE & Sons. glory is seen when he works by means; it is more gow : J. R. MNAIR & Co.; and to be had of any Book. seen when he works without means; it is seen, above seller throughout the Kingdom.


his cross.






* The exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who be.

a world; but it requires vaster still to make it lieve, according to the working of his mighty power, new when ruined and defiled by sin. Now, it which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from

is this resurrection-power that is referred to by the dead."-EPH. i. 19, 20.

the apostle, in Eph. i. 19, 20, quoted above. It All God's doings upon a fallen earth are for is called “the exceeding greatness of his the end of bringing the good out of the evil- power;” and it is said to be put forth “ to the good which he eternally purposed out of the us-ward who believe, according to the working evil which man has introduced. He allowed the of his mighty power, which he wrought in

evil to enter for the very purpose of educing a Christ, when he raised him from the dead." | far greater amount of good than could other. Here then, we learn

wise have been done, and showing forth himself 1. What resources of power are in store for in a way which no mind could have conceived the recovery of this ruined creation. Its re

of before. He lets evil flow in, that he may storation requires infinite power-power of a | show his power to meet it, overcome it, and peculiar kind – resurrection-power. But all

deliver from it. He lets sin, in all its hideous this is to be found in God. However deep it forms, display itself, that he may show what may be sunk, there is a power that can raise it infinite resources of grace, and power, and up. However low the state in which any soul wisdom are in him to cleanse it away; nay, to may be fallen, however deep the grave of sin bring up its objects, its victims, to a far higher in which it may be buried, still there is power level of holiness and honour than that from enough in God to effect its resurrection from which they had sunk down; nay, still further, that hideous tomb. to fasten a redeemed creation so indissolubly to 2. It is by this resurrection-power that a soul Godhead, that it can never fall again, nor is quickened and enabled to believe. The crumble away into ruins.

passage quoted does not mean that this “greatAn unfallen creation could tell us only half ness of power” is put forth after, or in conseof God. His power could only half exhibit quence of believing, but previously, and in itself; for to bring a world out of nothing is a order to believing; for believing is the act of a lesser stretch of power than to bring it out of living soul. But how is this power put forth ?that. which is lower still than nothing-sin. through the Word ? Certainly in inseparable His love could play but half the compass of its connection with the Word, but still directly music; for there would have been none but the upon the dead soul. But is it not said, “ Faith holy to love; and it is on the unholy that he is cometh by hearing ?” Certainly; and hence, pouring forth all “the exceeding riches of his if we were illustrating that point, we would ! grace.

His wisdom would have remained take up such a passage, and many others, half hidden; for whatever may have been the dwelling at length upon it, in order to clear up stores of wisdom lavished on the formation of the mysticism of some who seem to make faith the world at first, far greater stores have been a thing got up by some mighty effort of their brought out in the reconstruction of that fabric own, and unconnected with the truth believed, which sin had broken in pieces. “O the depth While, however, maintaining that “faith cometh of the riches, both of the wisdom and know- by hearing,” let us remember that this is but a ledge of God!"

part of the question before us. The question The whole process of restoration now going is, How are the dead, diseased, disorganized on, may be called a process of resurrection. It faculties of our soul to be made to perform one is through resurrection out of corruption and spiritual function aright? There must be the decay that God is building up all things anew, direct touch of the divine hand—the quickening and adorning them with a glory and a beauty power of the Holy Spirit coming into immewhich would not have belonged to them but diate contact with the soul.

With the one for this strange process through which he is hand the Spirit quickens the soul, and with the bringing them. It is through resurrection that other he applies the Word, and then the soul this body is to be perfected and adorned; and believes. For the bringing the soul into conit may be said to be through a species of resur tact with the Word, he uses human instrurection that this material creation is to be ments; but for the other, his own living hand, beautified in the day when Christ is to make in which lies the resurrection-power, must be all things newm" the times of the restitution of put forth with direct and divine energy. all things."

But is this not a hard saying? No, surely; Resurrection is always spoken of in Scrip- it can be no hard saying to tell a helpless world I ture as a far higher display of power than crea of resurrection-power, when telling them of tion. It required vast power, indeed, to create their utter helplessness. No. 19.

July 4, 1845.

Deny that helplessness, and there is no need tender spirit, and could recollect that even is of resurrection.power, or of a Holy Spirit at his early days he had been put upon “gres: all. Admit it, and nothing less than these searchings of heart," such as indicated the cia will do for the restoration of the soul.

racter of his future experience. He was seu. But do we not get the Holy Spirit after or to the grammar school at Gloucester, where bupon believing? Certainly; but before it, and made some progress in classical learning; and in order to it also. If I need the Holy Spirit his talents for elocution enabled him to app afterwards to carry on the work, much more to advantage in the speeches which he delivere do I need him to begin the work. If I need before the corporation on their annual visit him to keep me alive, much more to make me tion. He was taken from school before he w alive.

fifteen; and as his mother's circumstances tri! But does not this supersede the Gospel alto-by this time much reduced, he began to ass gether ! No, by no means. We are not the her in the business of the tavern. Even in the less to proclaim the truth; for it is in connection unfavourable situation, he composed several with the truth that the Spirit works. We need sermons; and the romances, in which he land not be afraid to tell men that faith cometh by formerly delighted, gave place to the study at hearing, or that the Gospel maketh wise unto Thomas a Kempis. salvation. We need not be afraid to press the At the age of eighteen he was entered as 1 Gospel upon sinners, or to say: “ Hear, and your servitor at l'embroke College, Oxford, where le souls shall live." We need not shrink from formed an acquaintance with Charles West i calling on men to believe; nay, it is at our peril and several other young men under the is if we do not. The one part of this mighty Auence of religious impressions, who "liveibs question does not neutralize the other. “God rule and method," and were therefore calle commandeth all men everywhere to repent;" Methodists. and yet we know that it is Christ who is exalted At this period religion was in a very low co:to give repentance. We need not shrink from dition in England-à darkness that might ! speaking of being sanctified through the truth. felt, which was the very shadow of death, Scripture abounds in such language: and no brooded over its perishing millions. The hight" thing can be more absurd than to suppose classes gloried in open infidelity and unbl.a. that, because we tell men that "faith cometh ing vice. The mass of the people were irtby hearing,” we thereby deny the "exceeding mersed in gross ignorance and superstition greatuess of that power which is put forth to “In this we cannot be mistaken," says Air): us-ward who believe."

bishop Secker, in 1738, “tliat an open air? It is no slight responsibility that is laid on professed disregard to religion is becord, ministers to preach the very truth of God, through a variety of unhappy canses, the e “ the word of the truth of the Gospel.” There tinguishing character of the present age; tb. is a danger of imagining, that since it is the this evil is grown to a great height in the metrresurrection-power of God that alone can ac- polis of the nation—is daily spreading throeg complish the soul's regeneration, it is of less every part of it; and bad in itself as any cao consequence what is preached. Nothing can be, must of necessity bring in all others afai be more dishonouring to God or more grieving it. Indeed, it hath already brought in such to the Spirit. While believing in the necessity dissoluteness and contempt of principle, in the of the Spirit's quickening power, we are at the higher part of the world, and such profligate same time called to state, illustrate, simplify, intemperance and fearlessness of committir. press home the truth, in every form and by crimes in the lower, as must, if this torrent « every means, knowing that it is then that souls impiety stop not, become absolutely fatal." are saved, just as it is “ through lack of know. The clergy themselves had not escaped the ledge that so many perish.” While believing general contamination. Ignorance, negligence. in the bondage of man's will, and the corrup- and immorality, characterized no inconsiderable tion of his entire nature, we are not to shrink portion of them. “The Church," said the exfrom taking up the free proclamation of the cellent Leighton, “was a fair carcass without glorious Gospel, and saying: “ Whosoever will, a spirit.” The preaching of the Gospel had, in let him take the water of life freely."

most of the pulpits, given place to a measti system of feeble morality. “Dissent, too, in its

several sections, was not uninjured. Where Biographical Sketch. the Gospel was, in the main, dispensed, the

allowance was ofttimes short,' sufficing for THE REV. GEORGE WHITEFIELD, | life, but not for health and vigour; and, in not

a few cases, it was mixed with poisonous ingreGeorge WHITEFIELD was born at the Bell Inn, dients of Antinomianism." At this gloomy in the city of Gloucester, at the close of the period, the sovereign Head of the Church raised year 1714. In his own account of his life, he up Whitefield and Wesley, to give a new im. confesses that his childhood was marked with pulse to religion, and to awakun the dormant every petty crime of which early years are sus zeal of its professors. ceptible; yet he had a devout disposition, and a About a year after Whitefield went to Os.



ford, he was introduced to the brothers, Charles necessary to place constables at the doors, and John Wesley, who, with other members of within and without, such multitudes assembled; the university, bad formed themselves into a and on Sabbath mornings, in the latter months little fellowship, for their spiritual improve of the year, long before day, the streets were ment. He speedily adopted their pious views filled with people going to hear him, with lan

and manners; and so far did his enthusiastic terns in their hands. Some hung by the rails | disposition carry their method of life, that he outside the churches, others climbed upon the

describes himself as lying whole days and leads, and still thousands went away unable to nights on the ground, in silent or vocal prayer get within hearing distance. The nearer the -- leaving off the fruits of the earth--choosing time of his departure approached, the more the worst sort of food-thinking it unbecoming eager the people grew to hear him. They a penitent to have his hair powdered; and wear- stopped him in the aisles of the churches and ing woollen gloves, a patched gown, and dirty embraced him; they waited upon him at his shoes, to acquire a habit of humility. These lodgings to ask his advice; and when he excesses seriously injured his health; and after preached his farewell sermon, high and low, a severe illness, which brought him to the young and old, burst into tears. In the latter brink of the grave, he found it necessary to end of December, 1737, he left London, and retire to Gloucester, for the benefit of his embarked for Georgia. native air. His general character there-his Whitefield sailed from the Downs a few hours demeanour at church--his visiting the poor, only before the ship which brought Wesley and praying with the prisoners_attracted the back from Georgia cast anchor there. When notice of Dr Benson, bishop of Gloucester, who Wesley landed, he learned that his colleague informed him, that although he had resolved to was on board the vessel in the offing, and immeordain none under three-and-twenty (and White diately sent him a letter containing these words: field was only twenty-one), he should think it “When I saw that God by the wind which was his duty to ordain him, whenever he should carrying you out brought me in, I asked counsel apply for holy orders. This offer Whitefield of God : his answer you have enclosed.” The accepted, and was made deacon in 1736. It enclosure was a slip of paper, with this senhad been his intention, he says, to prepare one

tence : “ Let him return to London." But hundred and fifty sermons with which to com- Whitefield, who seems never to have fallen into mence his ministry; but at his ordination he this superstition, in which the stronger mind found himself with only one.

With this ser of Wesley was unhappily involved, refused to mon he appeared in the pulpit, in the Church comply. He betook himself to prayer. The of St Mary de Crypt, where he had been bap- story of the prophet, in the Book of Kings, tized. Curiosity had brought together a large came forcibly to his recollection, how he turned congregation; and so powerful was the im- back from his appointed course, because another pression produced by the fervency of his man. prophet told him it was the will of the Lord ner, that complaint was made to the bishop that he should do so; and for that reason a lion that fifteen persons had been driven mad by met and slew him on the way. He therefore the sermon; on which the worthy prelate calmly proceeded on his voyage. He endured much observed, that he hoped the madness would not distress at first, from the profligate spirit and be forgotten before the next Sabbath.

conduct of the crew; but in a short time his The week following Whitefield returned to presence and counsel produced a wonderful Oxford, took his degree, and diligently em- change in their behaviour. ployed himself in the instruction of the pri He reached Georgia in May 1738; and after soners and of the poor.

During the two a residence of three months there, found it succeeding years, by his preaching in Bath, necessary to return to England, in order that Bristol, and other places, his fame became he might receive priest's orders, and raise widely diffused ; immense multitudes every contributions for founding and supporting an where attended upon him, and his discourses orphan house in the colony. Accordingly, he produced the most extraordinary impression on sailed for Europe, and after a long and dantheir minds.

gerous voyage, reached London in safety. He In the year 1736, he went to officiate at was favourably received by the bishop and the Dammeer, in Hampshire; but being invited to primate; the trustees highly approved of his join the Wesleys, and other friends who had conduct, and he was ordained priest by his gone out as missionaries to a new colony in venerable friend the Bishop of Gloucester. Georgia, he went to London to wait on General | “God be praised,” says he, “I was praying night Oglethorpe and the Trustees for Georgia. and day, whilst on ship-board, if it might be During his residence in the metropolis "he the divine will, that good Bishop Benson, who preached and administered the Lord's supper laid hands on me as a deacon might make me nine times a-week, to the most crowded assem a priest; and now my prayer is answered.” blies. He was invited by the managers of the The separation of the Methodists from the various charities to preach for them; and as Church, and their organization as a distinct his stay was to be so short, they obtained the sect, was daily becoming more inevitable; for use of the churches on week-days. It was after his return the clergy received him with

great coldness, and excluded him from most hear him. He had sometimes fourscore carof the parochial pulpits. He was, therefore, riages, a great number of horsemen, and upwards compelled to adopt some new plan, to prevent of forty thousand persons on foot, in attendance; his usefulness from being totally destroyed. and he states, that both there, and in his SabHe had often heard that the colliers, in the bath preachings in Moorfields, when he collecvicinity of Bristol, were a numerous race of ted for the orphan house, so many halfpence lawless barbarians, who had no place of worship, were given him by his poor auditors, that he and were, therefore, ignorant as heathens, and was wearied in receiving them; and they were so savage, that no one durst venture among more than one man could carry home. them. Whitefield had long felt his heart yearn

To be continued. towards these poor neglected people; and after fervent prayer, and many inward conflicts, he

BLIND DIVINES. one day went to a mount, in a place called

(From " The Lost Senses- Blindness," by Dr Kitto, in Rose Green, his first field pulpit,” and preached

Knight's Weekly Volume.) to about two hundred colliers, who came to hear, attracted by the novelty of such an ad-fication for the services of the altar. For this there

UNDER the Law of Moses, blindness was a disqualidress. “I thought,” says he,“ it might be doing were obvious reasons. The ministrations of a priest the service of my Creator, who had a mountain consisted of manual acts which needed the guidance for his pulpit, and the heavens for a sounding of the eye. He inspected victims, to see that they board, and who, when his Gospel was refused

were without blemish; he offered incense, oblations, by the Jews, sent his servants into the high- condition; and generally had to take careful notice

and sacrifices; he inspected lepers, to ascertain their ways and hedges."

that all things were done correctly. It was there'I'he second and third time of his preaching fore physically impossible that a blind man should out of doors his audience greatly increased, till discharge the duties which belong to such an office. it amounted to twenty thousand persons. “The No such grounds of disqualification from blindness first discovery of their being affected,” says exist where the services of a minister are entirely Whitefield, " was by seeing the white gutters formularies, there is no reason why a blind minister

oral. In those Churches which do not use written made by their tears, which plentifully fell down might not pray and preach as well as one who can their black cheeks-black as they came out of see; and in those which use written formularies, the their coal pits. As the scene was quite new to difficulty is not insuperable, as the clergyman might me, and I had just begun to be an extempore learn the services by heart. But difficulties would preacher, it occasioned many inward conflicts. begin in the administration of sacraments; and

blindness would be an obstacle of some consequence Sometimes, when twenty thousand people were

to those ministers who feel that the sick and afflicted before me, I had not, in my own apprehension, require much of their care. a word to say; but I was never totally deserted, But there have not been wanting instances of blind and frequently (for to deny it would be lying clergymen who have overcome all these difficulties, against God) so assisted, that I knew by happy and have, in their sacred functions, served God experience what our Lord meant by saying: worthily and well. But all or most of these are “He that believeth in me, out of his belly shall

such as have become blind after they had taken the flow rivers of living waters. The open firma- whether one previously blind would be encouraged

office of the ministry upon them; and it is doubtful ment above me—the prospect of the adjacent (if not formally forbidden) to take that office upon fields, with the sight of thousands and thou- him. The case has so seldom arisen that a blind man sands, some in coaches, some on horseback, and has qualified himself for, and aspired to, the clerical some in trees, and at times all affected, and office, that the question can scarcely be considered as drenched in tears together, to which sometimes settled by precedent. At the outset, however, the

candidate would have to encounter a feeling derived was added the solemnity of the approaching from the practice of the Mosaical law, that a minister evening-was almost too much for me, and quite should be perfect in all his organs and faculties; and overcame me.”

the vague sense of his general deficiency, from blindOn his return to London, the Vicar of Isling- ness, would, in the minds of men, be transferred to, ton lent him his pulpit; but the churchwarden and concentrated upon, the question of his fitness or forbade him to preach there, unless he could be in the exercise of that office so much as in other

unfitness for the clerical office, although it might not produce a license. He went out, therefore, matters that his deficiency would really operate. after the communion service, and preached in There are notices of one or two blind theologians the churchyard. On the following Sabbath he of considerable reputation in the patristic ages. But resolved to attack Satan in one of his strong. it does not appear whether they were in orders, or holds, by preaching in Moorfields, at that time whether, like most of the great doctors and professors a great resort of the idle, the dissolute, and the of theology in modern Germany, they cultivated and reprobate. Many persons told him that if he taught theology without assuming any pastoral charge

or clerical office. We incline to think, however, that attempted it, he would never come away from blindness was not, in those early ages, considered a the place alive. But his impassioned eloquence disqualification for orders; for we know that Origen was the means of enabling him to obtain such was not precluded by a still greater privation from an ascendency over the mob, that they listened acting as presbyter. to him with the most respectful attention. On Didymus, who died at an advanced age in a.d. 395.

Of the names to which we refer, one is that of week-days he preached at Kennington Com- He is said to have become blind at the age of five mon, where prodigious multitudes assembled to years. He early addicted himself to theological

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