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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH_REV. DR BALMER.

201 ensued he did not live to see. The part he elders of the congregation, had been long labouring took in them was invariably distinguished by under severe indisposition, he said cheerfully, on that spirit of meekness and humility which ever parting with her: “Tell William I will get the start

of him.' characterized him—which, now that he is gone,

“ On Saturday night, he said to his wife: Don't those who opposed him are forward as any to think I have to settle my accounts with God now: acknowledge and honour. Having attended that was done long ago;' adding with animation, the meeting of Synod in May 1844, and having long ago.. When she could not help showing her taken a part in its exciting, but to him uncon- deep anguish in the prospect of soon parting with genial controversies, he returned home in the him, he said, with great confidence and elevation beginning of June, and died as the month had provided for-you will be provided for. Thy Maker

of spirit: 'I have no fears about you. You will be closed. The following account of his latter days is thy husband. You will have a better husband is from the pen of Dr Brown:-

than ever I have been.' "On Thursday the 27th June, he began seriously

“A little after, he said: “I have prayed first for to anticipate as all but certain a fatal issue to his ill you, then for my afilicted brother, then for my sister

To a friend who saw him on the afternoon of and her family, and then for my dear congregation, that day, he said, evidently meaning to be under

that the Lord would give them a pastor in his own stood, that he felt that he had not long to live.

time. But there are two things they must attend to; • Few have had a happier life than I have had, upon

first, let them implore divine direction earnestly; the whole;and though, looking back, I see much cause

and second, let them not make haste-let them look for humility, many errors, and much imperfection in well about them, and avoid rashness. The

interests my conduct, both in public and private life, yet I

of his people, individually, and as a body, lay much must say I have had great pleasure and satisfaction upon his heart. He often spoke of them, and dwelt in my labours.' On his friend, who did not like to

with delight on the evidence they had given him of hear him speak in so leave-taking a strain, for which

their esteem and affection, and the comfort he had he was quite unprepared, stopping him here with an

had in the midst of them. expression of confidence that, from the strength of

“On Sabbath morning he desired Mrs Balmer to his constitution, he would soon rise superior to this

read to him the 103d Psalm. After listening to it he attack, and be restored to his usual labours, Dr Bal- said: “That's my psalm now.

Bless the Lord, O my mer replied: Well, it may be so, I am in good soul, and forget not all his benefits. Mrs Balmer

in hands—in good hands; I only wish it to be under

the afternoon said: “This has been no day of rest to stood that the same truths I have preached to others you.' He replied: "O but it bas. No rest, indeed, are now the grounds of my confidence and peace.'

for my poor body, but great rest to my mind.' To “During the night of Friday the 28th, his extreme

wards evening he said: :If I could, I would accelepain showed itself by frequent distortions of the rate rather than retard the issue, rather than suffer countenance, and Mrs Balmer was induced to ask if this torture;' but instantly added: Not my will, all was peace and comfort within. He replied,

with but thine be done. I may mourn, I may moan, but

never murmur-10, not for a moment. A few hours great animation : Cheerful, cheerful. Don't think I suffer so much. Many have suffered more who before death, when suffering a severe paroxysm of have deserved it less.'

pain, he said: “This is awful. I could almost say "On the morning of Saturday the 29th, he ex

with Job: "O that God would let loose his hand,

and cut me off ;' but that would be wrong. I trust pressed a desire to see the two daughters of very intimate friends belonging to the congregation; and that I am resigned—that I am not impatient. on their coming to his bed-side, he looked at them

“Not many hours before his death, a friend had with a most benignant smile, and said : “ I am glad repeated that passage: Fear not, for I am with to see you, my dears—you are the children of many thee,' &c., and part of the hymn, Jesus, lover of prayers—of many prayers; but that will not avail you my soul. After listening, he said: 'I am like Mrs

W P unless you pray for yourselves. Read your Bible

(naining a young lady, the wife of a often, and pray much. You see me here a poor

respected brother in the ministry, who had been stricken man; but I'm in perfect peace. I found that suddenly taken away) when dying. I like those

passages of Scripture best which contain short prayers peace where alone you or any one else can find it

-short prayers.

. Lord remember me when thou in my Bible, and on my knees.' After directing to

comest to thy kingdom.' "God be merciful to me a some particular portions of the Scriptures, he lifted

sinner.' 'Lord save me.' up his hands, and blessed them, saying: May the mend my spirit. I like these, and such as these.'

• Into thy hands I comLord bless you both!' On their leaving his room, sent Mrs Balmer after them, desiring them to give his beloved partner. She bade him raise them to

“ Just before he expired, his eyes were resting on his love to two of their young companions, and to repeat to them and to their other young friends in his

heaven, and repeated the words : Lord Jesus, reclass what he had said.

ceive my spirit.' A sweet smile irradiated his pallid “ He sent the following message to a young man in

countenance. He looked steadily upward, and then whom he was deeply interested: Teh him to attend

his eyes, with a very peculiar expression, slowly reto religion. Nothing else is of any avail to happi

verting to the object so dear to them, gradually Everything else is folly and madness-folly

settled into the inexpressiveness of death; while his

dearest friends could not help, amid their sorrows, and madness.' To another young person he said: Do not put off religion to a dying hour; for what giving thanks in their hearts that the agony was would have become of me had I not attended to it

over, and that a peaceful dismission had been granted long ago. Now, I am so stricken that I can neither by the Lord to his servant.” think nor. speak. On Saturday several saw him,

“ Dr Balmer died on the morning of Monday, and he gave similar advices to them all.

July 1, 1844. The sacrament of the Lord's “To an aged gentleman, nearly ninety years of supper, according to previous arrangements, age, who died six or seven days after, he was urgent in his requests that he would attend to the one thing first Sabbath of July; and when the elders con

was to be dispensed to the congregation on the needful, and told him how helpless and hopeless he would now have been, but for the faith and hope of sulted their minister, during his illness, whether the Gospel. To a widow lady, whose son, one of the it should not be put off, he said: “No; what

ness.

erer becomes of me, let my Master's work pro I speak in the name of the great God. ceed." The Rev. Joseph Brown of Daikeith, It is not the headman of Sierra Leone, nor of Eng who had been engaged to assist, accordingly land, but God that sends us to you. conducted the communion services on the Sab. Children! I speak to you. bath after Dr Balmer's decease, in very trying

Headmen and Soosoos! to you. circumstances to bimself, and such as to produce very solemn impressions on the poople. But the scene at the funeral, on the Tuesday

THE QUEEN OF SHEBA. after that Sabbath, was altogether overwhelm- WHATEVER be the opinions of Biblical expneitors reing. The crowded and sobbing audience at the garding the native country of the Queen of Sheha, religious services in the chapel, where the the Abyssinians themselves find no difficulty in the cotiin, containing the remains of him who had speak in high terms of lber Bakim, or Meniles, the

matter. Their Chronicles of the Kings of Abyssinis so long ministered there lay, covered with a

son of Solomon; and they beliçre that the 45th pall, before the pulpit—the long and solemn Psalm is a prophecy of the journey of their queen, procession down the street which led to the whoin they call Maqueda, and of the future glory of bnrying-place, while every place where a view her and Solomon's son, who should one day occupy of it couid be obtained was crowded with spec- the throne of a Gentile country. It is also asserted tators—the deep silence that was maintained that this Queen of Sheba, or the South, left her amid the mournful tolling of the bells-all country a pagan, but that, in consequence of Solo

mon's replies to her hard questions, she returned a seemed to testify the universal feeling that a convert to Judaism; and that Menilek, after residing great calamity had befallen, that a common be seven years with his mother, was sent by her to his reavement was mourned."*

father, Solomon, to be instructed; that he then took the name of David, and was anointed and crowned

in the Temple of Jerusalem as King of Ethiopia. JOTTINGS OF A SERMON,

After this ceremony, he is said to have returned to

Sheba, accompanied by a colony of Jews, and by a PREACIIED BY TILE REV. MR BICKERSTETIT, TO A

high priest, Azarias, who brought with him a NoCONGREGATION OF AFRICA.NS.

brew transcript of the law. The queen now pro

ceeded to carry out her favourite project-the con“ Go ye into all the world, and preach the Gospel to every

version of all her subjects to Judaism; in which, say creature."-MARK xvi. 15.

the Abyssininn Chronicles, she fully succeeded.

Before her death, she enacted that the throne I will tell you how white man's religion began : should be hereditary in the family of Solomon for In the beginving, God made heaven and earth, and

ever; that no woman should be capable of ascending

the throne, and that the heirs-male of the royal one man and one woman; and all was very good.

house should always be kept imprisoned on a high He told them that they might do everything but mountain, there to remain until their death, or until one thing.

they should be called to the throne. Thaqueda died That one thing they, being tempted by the devil, in the year 936, B. C., and in the fortieth of her did.

reign, leaving the throne to Menilek, whose pos

It is curious that

terity have occupied it ever since. God was angry with them, and they deserved to

the heraldic device of the Abyssinian monarchs is a die; but God being very kind and good, he promised lion passant, with the motto--“ Mo ansaba am Nizei hat, in time, his only Son, Jesus Christ, should come let Solomon am Negade Juda." - The tion of the into the world to save lost sinners.

race of Solomon and tribe of Judah hath overcome." After this, men grew to be very many, and very

The Koran also makes mention of this journey of the bad also.

Queen of Sheba; but, as usual, renders the occasion

ridiculous, by involving it in a tissue of the inost But God kept his promise-Jesus Christ came.

silly legends and other absurdities. — Missions i* I will tell you about

Western 1frica.
His glory before he came,
llis history on earth,

YOUTH.
His death for us,
His resurrection from the dead, and

I MUST tell you there is not such a glassy, icy, His charge to twelve of his followers. They, and

and slippery piece of way betwixt you and heaven, those after them, brought it to white men in Eng and seal what I assert.

ay youth. I have experience to say with me here,

The old ashes of the sins land. The same charge is given to us, his ininisters.

of my youth are now fire of sorrow to me. I have What, then, is the Gospel ?-

seen the devil, as it were, dead and buried, and yet Good news for lost man.

rise again, and be a worse devil than ever he was. Can any of you tell me, when a man has done bad, Therefore, my brother, beware of a green, young devil, how God can pardon him?

that hath never been buried. The devil in his tiowers The Gospel tells us this. Is it not good news?

(I mean the hot, fiery lusts and passions of youth) is!

much to be feared; for in youth he findeth dry sticks To whom does it belong ?

and dry coals, and a hot hearth-stone; and how soon To every man-black, white.

can he with his flint cast fire, and with his bellows Some learned men (men that know books much) blow it up, and fire the house! Sanctified thoughts, say we must not come to teach black men; but God thoughts made conscience of, and called in, and kept teaches us better.

in awe-are green fuel that bum not, and are a water

for Satan's coal. Yet, I must tell you, all the saints • Memoir by Dr Henderson of Galashiels, from which the

now triumphant in heaven, and standing before the above sketch is abridged.

throne, are nothing but Christ's forlorn and beggarly

1

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but you

bankrupts, What are they but redeemed sinners ?

what plea can you make before the Judge of the Bat their redemption is not only past the seals, but whole earth? Can you say it has been your whole completed; and yours is on the whcels, and in doing. endeavour to mortify the flesh, with its affections Christ hath an advantage of you, and I pray you let and lusts ?-that your life has been one long effort to him have it; he shall find employment for his call do the will of God? No! you must answer, I made ing in you. If it were not with you as you write. myself easy in the world, by tlattering myself that all grace should find no sale nor market in you;

would end well; but I have deceived my own soul, must be content to give Christ somewhat to do. I and am lost. am glad that he is employed that way. Let your “You, 0 false and hollow Christian! of what avail bleeding soul and your sores be put in the hand of this will it be that you have done many things—that you expert Physician; let young and strong corruptions have read so much in the Sacred Word—that you have and his free grace be yoked together, and let Christ made long prayers-that you have attended religious and your sins deal it betwixt them. I will be loath to duties, and appeared holy in the eyes of men? What put you off your fears and your sense of deadness (I will all this be, if, instead of loving Him supremely, wish it were more). There are some wounds whose

you have been supposing you should exalt yourself in bleeding should not be soon stopped. You must take heaven by acts really polluted and unholy? a house beside the Physician; it shall be a miracle if “ And you, rich man, wherefore do you hoard your you be the first sick man he put away uncured, and silver? wherefore count the price you have received worse than he found you. Nay, nay; Christ is ho for Him whom you every day crucify in your love of nest, and, in that, freely arguing with sinners: “And gain? Why? that when you are too poor to buy a him that cometh to me, I will in no wise cast out." drop of cold water, your beloved son may be rolled i John vi. 37. Take that; it cannot be presump to hell in his chariot, pillowed and cushioned around tion to take that as your own, when you find your him?" wounds pain you.

Presumption is ever whole at His eye gradually lighted up as he proceeded. till, the heart, and hath but the truant-sickness, and towards the close, it seemed to sparkle with celestial groaneth only for the fashion; Faith hath sense of fire. sickness, and looketh like a friend to the promises, “O sinners !” he exclaimed, “by all your hopes of and to Christ therein—is glad to see a known face.- happiness, I beseech you to repent. Let not the Samuel Rutherford.

wrath of God be awakened. Let not the tires of eternity be kindled against you. See there!” said he,

pointing to the lightning, which played on the corner A GOOD MINISTER.

of the pulpit-" 'tis a glance from the angry eye of

Jehovah: Hark!" continued be, raising his finger GIVE nie the priest these graces shall possess : in a listening attitude, as the distant thunder grew Of an ambageador the just address;

louder and louder, and broke in one tremendous crash A father's tenderness, a shepherd's care;

over the building-“it was the voice of the Al

mighty as he passed by in his anger !" A leader's courage, which the cross can bear;

As the sound died away, he covered his face with A ruler's awe, a watchman's wakeful eve; his hands, and knelt beside his pulpit, apparently lost A pilot's skill, the helm in storms to ply;

in inward and intense prayer. The storm passed 1 A fisher's patience, and a labourer's toil;

rapidly away, and the sun, bursting forth in his A guide's dexterity to disembroil;

mnight, threw across the heavens a magnificent arch.

Rising, and pointing to the beautiful object, he exA prophet's inspiration from above;

claimed: “Look upon the rainbow, and praise Him A teacher's knowledge, and a Saviour's love.

that made it! It speaketh peace. Very beautiful it KEY. is in the brightness thereof. It compasseth the

heavens about with glory; and the hands of the Most

High have bended it."
THE STORM AND THE RAINBOW ;
A SPECIMEN OF THE PRLACHING OF WHITEFIELD.

Miscellaneous. BEFORE he commenced his sermon, long, darkening columns crowded the bright, sunny sky of the morn AFFECTATION.-All affectation is the vain and ridiing, and swept their dull shadows over the building, culous attempt of poverty to appear rich.--Lavater. in fearful augury of the storm.

His text was: “ Strive to enter in at the strait Trials.---Reckon any matter of trial to thee among sate; for many, I say unto you, shall seek to enter in, thy gains.-Adam.

and shall not be able." “See that emblem of human :, life," said he, pointing to a shadow that was flitting the world too hot for his people to hold, they will

THE REASON OF AFFLICTION,— When God makes across the floor. " It passed for a moment, and concealed the brightness of heaven from our view; but let it go.-Powell. it is gone. And where will you be, my hearers, when NOBLE ANCESTRYyour lives have passed away like that dark cloud ? THEY who on noble ancestry enlarge, Oh! my dear friends, I see thousands sitting atten Produce their debt, instead of their discharge. tive, with their eyes fixed on the poor, unworthy

-Young. preacher. In a few days we shall all meet at the judgment-seat of Christ. We shall form a part of the faults of others upon ourselves.--Pope.

THE FOLLY OF ANGER.-To be angry, is to revenge that vast assembly that will gather before the throne; and every eye will behold the Judge. With a voice WEALTH AND Poverty. That we may not think whose call you must abide and answer, he will inquire riches evil, God gives them to those who are good, whether on earth you strove to enter in at the struit yea, to the choicest, the chiefest, the very best of gate—whether you were supremely devoted to God good men-to whoin he never gives anything that is --Whether your hearts were absorbed in him. My in itself evil. And lest we should think riches the blood runs cold when I think how many of you will chief good, God gives them to those that are evil-to then seek to enter in, and shall not be able. Oh! whom he never gives the chief good.

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When God doth all his wrath reveal,
Daily Bread.

And shower his judgments down!
Ungodly men fear no wrath, because they feel no

wrath; because the sin is unpunished, they think FRIDAY.

there is no punishment for their sins; because He Strangers and pilgrims on the earth... • They seek a

goeth on to spare them, they go on to provoke him; country.--HEB. xi. 13, 14. How happy is the pilgrim's lot!

as he adds to their lives, they add to their lusts; beHow free from every anxious thought

cause he is very merciful, they will be very sinful; From worldly hope and fear!

because he is very good, they will be very bad; beConfined to neither court por cell,

cause Justice winke, men think he is blind; because His soul disdains on earth to dwell

he doth not reprove them for their sins, therefore He only sojourns here.

they think he doth approve them in their sing. JusIt helps to make a journey pleasant to go upon a tice will avenge the quarrel of abused Mercy: the good errand. He that is brought up a prisoner in longer God forbears, not finding amendment, the the hands of the ministers of justice, whatever con sorer he strikes when he comes to judgment.-Dyer. veniences he may be accommodated with, cannot have a pleasant journey, but a melancholy one: and that

TUESDAY. is the case of a wicked man; he is going on in

“ The Captain of our salvation."_HEB. ii. 10. this world towards destruction; every step he takes

My Lord in my behalf appears: is so much nearer hell, and therefore he cannot have

Captain, thy strength-inspiring eye a pleasant journey. But he that goes into a far

Scatters my doubts, dispels my fears, country to receive for himself a kingdom, whatever

And makes the host of aliens fly. difficulties may attend his journey, yet the errand When Antigonus heard some of his troops rather de he goes on is enough to make it pleasant : and on spondingly say: “How many are coming against us?" this errand they go that travel Wisdom's ways; they he asked: “But, my soldiers, how many do you reckon looked for a kingdom which cannot be moved, and me for?" And whenever we think of our foes, and are pressing forwards in the hopes of it.-Henry. then of the Captain of our salvation, we may truly

say, More are they that be with us than they that be

with them. Greater is He that is in us than he that SATURDAY.

is in the world. Who goes before us? Who teaches 1 " Take hold of my strength."- Isa. xxvii. 5.

our hands to war, and our fingers to fight? Who Could I of thy strength take hold,

provides for us? Who renews our strength? What And always feel thee near, Confident, divinely bold,

limits have his wisdom and power? Did he ever lose My soul would scorn to fear,

an action yet? or a single private in his army?-Jag. Though you are weak in yourselves, and 20

WEDNESDAY. weak that, were you left to your own strength, you would faint in the most easy service, yea, the

“ Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit."

JOHN XV. 8. weight but of one holy thought would sink you- for

Lord dic about our root, “ we are not sufficient,” says the apostle, as “ of

Break up the fallow ground, ourselves to think any good thing :"-yet, when we

And let our gracious fruit consider those, mighty auxiliaries that are afforded

To thy great praise abound. and promised -as comfort when we droop, support The branches ingrafted in Christ, growing aright, when we are weak, that we shall rise when we fall, do grow in all the several ways of growth at once. recruits when we are worsted, omnipotency to sup- They grow inward into Christ, uniting more closely ply our impotency, all-sufficiency to make up our with him, and cleaving more firmly to him, as the defects—when we consider these things, then may head of influences, which is the spring of all other we triumphantly say with the apostle : “ When we true Christian growth. They grow outward in good are weak, then we are strong.”Hopkins.

works, in their life and conversation; and they not

only, with Naphtali, give goodly words, but, like SABBATH.

Joseph, they are fruitful boughs. They grow upward " I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying,

in heavenly-mindedness and contempt of the world; Alleluia." - Rev. xix. I.

for “ their conversation is in heaven." And finally, Thine earthly Sabbaths, Lord, we love :

they grow downward, in humility and self-loathing. But there's a nobler rest above;

The branches of the largest growth in Christ are, in To that our lab'ring souls aspire,

their own eyes, " less than the least of all saints With ardent pangs of strong desire.

the chief of sinners."-Boston. Let your worship this day below, put you in mind of that more perfect worship above, where you shall

THURSDAY. see him whom you worship, and enjoy immediate "Now is the accepted time; now is the day of salvation."communion with him. O the difference betwixt that

2 Cor. vj. 2. worship there and ours here, is great! There is no

Sinners, obey the Gospel word; weariness there in beholding God-no wanderings

And hear the voice of Christ the Lord; nor excursions of the heart from God-no inclination

Be wise to know your gracious day; there to drowsiness or sleep in worship-no dull or

All things are ready, come away! low conceptions of God-no deadness of heart or You cannot repent too soon. There is no day like frame; their harps are never out of tune, their hearts to-day. Yesterday is gone-to-morrow is God's, not

And think how sad it will be to have are always up, and fit for the high praises of God. your own. There is no note lower there than “ Glory to God in your evidences to seek, when your cause is to be the highest;" every saint sings his hallelujahs on the tried—to have your oil to buy, when you should have highest key.-- Willison.

it to burn !-Mason.

MONDAY. “ The day of the Lord will come."-1 Pet. ii. 10.

Woe to the men on earth who dwell,

Nor dread the Almighty's frown ;

Edinburgh : Printed by Jonn JOHNSTONB, residing at 2, !

Windsor Street, and Published by him at 2, Hunter!
Square. London: R. GROOMBRIDOR & Sons. Glasgow :
J. R. M.NAIR & Co.; and to be had of any Bookseller
throughout the Kingdom.

THE CHRISTIAN TREASURY.

205

THE CHURCH OF LUTHER.

BY THE REV. PATRICK FAIRBAIRN, SALTON.

Few of our readers can need to be told that whom the princes who embraced the ReformaGermany was the country of Luther, and that tion looked up for counsel and direction, and to it belongs, in connection with him, the whose word was sufficient to prevent any flahonour of recovering the knowledge of divine grant interferences from such a quarter ; but, truth from the mass of Romish superstition, in the hands of ordinary men, and in regard to and diffusing the blessed light of salvation the regular working of the government of the through the bounds of Christendom. As the Church, it could not fail to exert an unfavour. Protestant Church of Germany was the parentable influence. For, as all history testifies, the of all that now own the name of Protestant, Churches in which the civil is thus mixed up we cannot but take a sort of filial interest in its with the ecclesiastical, and the supreme place past history and present condition. A melan- is yielded to Cæsar in things spiritual, never for choly interest, however, it must in many re any length of time retain a living piety and an spects be; for though it has never wholly lost effective discipline. There may be many parits original character, and its history down to ticular instances found in them of everything the present day exhibits many of the brightest that is pure and good; but as a whole they can ornaments of learning and piety; yet, as a attain to little life and vigour the coldness and whole, it soon fell from the high position it held secularity of the world leavens the mass. It is in the days of Luther and Melancthon, and has true, that when the great defection from sound been the prey of discord, heresy, and corrup- doctrine began, which goes by the name of Neotion. How, we naturally ask, did the Church logy, and of which we shall speak by and by, of Luther, in which the pulse of spiritual life some of the princes of Germany exerted themonce beat so strong and vigorous—the Church selves against it; and one of the Fredericks even from which the light of divine truth beamed made a decree, that no one holding Neological forth with such power and majesty, that it opinions should be admitted to a ministerial might be said, without a figure, “nations came charge in his dominions. There are degrees of to her light, and kings to the brightness of her heresy, and excesses of impiety, which shock rising" --how did she so soon lose her noble even worldly men, and which, for prudential and distinction ? and so lose it, as never till this day | political reasons alone, they may endeavour to have regained it? There must have been to check. But the spiritual deadness and forsome fatal defects in her constitution, or some mality which always precede such times of grievous errors on the part of those who had error and corruption, and give rise to them, the the chief management of her affairs, to produce powers and princes of this world have no care so unhappy a result. It is our purpose to point to prevent, but rather foster and protect; it is out the more important of these, and to gather but too much in harmony with the spirit they from their existence and operation abroad, a themselves commonly possess. And the Profew lessons of practical instruction to ourselves. testant Church of Germany, being from the

1. It may be regarded as a fundamental error, | first a State-ridden Church, allowing and sanclying at the root of the Reformed Churches i tioning at many points an undue interference

in Germany, that an improper place was given from the civil magistrate with things spiritual, 1. to the civil magistrate in matters of religion; it was only according to the natural course of

for the civil was from the first mixed up with things, that first a cold and languid state of the ecclesiastical. “The civil sovereigns,” says religion should have ensued, and then deadly Mosheim, when describing the original consti- corruptions of doctrine, without life and power tution and government of the Lutheran Church, in the Church itself to put them down.

possess the supreme power in ecclesiastical 2. There was another error, however, in the affairs. This power they claim, in part, from original constitution of the Protestant Church the very nature of the civil constitution; and of Germany—one that sooner began to manifest it is in part, I conceive, surrendered to them a pernicious influence, and had a more evident by the silent consent of the Churches.” He and direct bearing upon the fearful defections goes on to say, that the ancient rights of Chris- which at last took place. This was connected tian communities were not wholly subverted with the standards of doctrine, or symbolical and destroyed; but, guarded and trammelled books, as they are called. Creeds, confessions, as they were by civil control, they could not or symbolical books, may be of great service, if possess either the freedom or the energy of judiciously framed and thoroughly scriptural, action which, as Churches of the New Testa in conveying to the members of the Church a ment, they ought to have exercised. The evil clear and consistent view of divine truth, in might be little felt, perhaps, so long as such withstanding the entrance of dangerous innomen as Luther and Melancthon lived—men to | vations, in presenting a testimony against the No. 18.

June 27, 1845.

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