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of the Bible is freely allowed; nay, we know that piety..... We confirm, and by apostolical authority bishops and priests have, over and over again, pub- renew, the aforesaid directions already issued respect licly asserted that that Church does not prohibit the ing the printing, publication, reading, and retaining i reading of the Bible at all. But such assertions are
of the books of Holy Scripture translated into th: 1
vulgar tongue; while with respect to other works of very easily disposed of.
whatever author, we will that all should remember. What says the decree of the Council of Trent on
that they must abide by the general rules and decret. the subject? Does it contain no prohibition? It of our predecessors, prefixed to the index..... Called runs in these words (we give both Latin and English, as you are, venerable brethren, to participate in our that there may be no mistake):
solicitude, we urgently bid you, in the Lord, to an
nounce and explain, as place and time permit, to th: “ Cum experimento manifestum sit, si Sacra Biblia people intrusted to your pastoral care, this our apk. vulgari lingua passim sine discrimine permittantur, tolic judgment, and these our commands. . . . . It wil plus, inde, ob hominum temeritatē, detrimenti, quam
also be your duty to seize out of the hands of the utilitatis oriri, hac in parti judicio Episcopi aut In- faithful, not only Bibles translated into the vulg.'! quisitoris stetur: ut cum concilio Parochi, vel Con- tongue, which may have been published contrary to fessorii, Biblorum à Catholicis Auctoribus versorum
the above directions of the Roman Pontiffs, but also lectionem in vulgari lingua eis concedere possint, proscribed or injurious books of every sort.” quos intellexerint ex hujusmodi lectione, non damnum
Is sed fidei atque pietatis augmentum capere posse :
any further proof needed that Rome is an enemy quam facultatem in scriptis habcant. Qui autem
to the general circulation and perusal of the Word absque tali facultati ea legere seu habere præsump
of God? Let it be found in the awful fact, that in: serit, nisi prius Bibliis Ordinario redditis, peccatorum Roman Catholic countries the Bible is scarcely known; absolutionem percipere non possit.”
or when known, it is avoided, and often burned “Since it is manifest by experience, that if the In Italy and Spain, a Bible reader would be marked. sacred Bibles in the vulgar tongue be allowed every- and shunned, and punished as a heretic. Dr Keiti where indiscriminately, more injury than advantage mentions that he could not get a single Bible to pur. will thence arise, through men's rashness, let this chase in the whole of a Continental city. matter be determined by the judginent of the bishop And to refer to Ireland, in many parts of which or inquisitor; who may, by the advice of the parish Popery is made to wear as Protestant a garb as poi. priest or confessor, allow the reading of Bibles translated into the vulgar tongue by Catholic authors, to sible, Mr Morgan of Belfast stated sometime ago. those of whom they learn that they are likely to de that among the Papists of Belfast such a thing as a rive, not mischief, but an increase of faith and piety Bible was almost unknown. from this kind of reading; which license they must Indeed, “ a Bible reader" is a term of reproach in have in writing. Whosoever, without such a license, Ireland, and even a Romish bishop (Dr Doyle) delishall presume to read them, or possess them, shall not receive the absolution of his sins, till the Bibles berately declared that he greatly admired the orthoare given up to the ordinary.-Rule iv."
doxy of a man who had taken a Protestant Bible with
the tongs, lest he should defile his touch with it, and This is decisive. What does the decree mean but buried it in the earth, and when examined before this, that the general circulation of the Bible is a very Parliament, stated further, that he would be highly bad and dangerous thing, and that, therefore, no man
amused by such a proceeding, and would reward a is to have a Bille in his possession, unless he has ob
man for it!" tained a written permission from the bishop; and further, that the possession of a Bible by any one, without such permission, shall be held as rendering
THE SOUL IN AND OUT OF THE BODY. his sins incapable of pardon! Any man who thinks or acts otherwise is declared to be accursed !
LIKE as a light, fast lock'd in lantern dark, God says: “ Search the Scriptures; for in them ye
Wherewith by night our wary steps we guide think ye have eternal lite." “ No,” says Rome, In slabby streets, and dirty channels mark; "search not the Scriptures; for if ye do, ye bring down upon yourselves eternal death." True, there And flusher streams perhaps from horny side:
Some weaker rays through the black top do glide, are cases in which the bishop may permit the read
But when we've past the peril of the way, ing of the Scriptures. But what blasphemy is here !
Arrived at home, and laid that case aside, --a man permitting some of his fellow-men to do
The naked light, how clearly doth it ray, what God has commanded! How true is that feature,
And spread its joyful beams as bright as summers of the great Apostasy-_“ He exalteth himself above
day! all that is called God!"
We might give many extracts from the bulls of Even so the soul, in this contracted state,
At this hole hears, the sight must ray from thence;
Here tastes, there smells; but when she's gone from “We read in the rules drawn up by the fathers chosen by the Council of Trent, approved by Pius
hence, IV., our predecessor of happy memory, and prefixed
Like naked lamp, she is one shining sphere, to the index of prohibited books, a provision which And round about hath perfect cognizance, has been generally approved—that Bibles published Whate'er in her horizon doth appear; in the vulgar tongue should be allowed to no persons, She is one orb of sense-all eye, all airy ear. but to those to whom the reading of them was judged
MORE likely to be productive of an increase of faith and
FRESH EVIDENCES OF THE DIVINE TRUTII, &c.
FRESH EVIDENCES OF THE DIVINE TRUTH plexities among the critics, Providence brought to
the title here given to it. However, after long ferOF THE SCRIPTURES.
light some coins in which it is recorded under this
character, and one of which makes express mention BY THE REV. J. G. LORIMER, GLASGOW.
that Julius Cæsar hiirself had bestowed the dignity EGYPTIAN MONUMENTS--concluded.
and advantages of a colony on the city of Philippi,
which Augustus afterwards confirmed and augmented. PART II.
The legend is : 'Colonia Augusta Julia Puilippi.' The evidence in bebalf of divine revelation, supplied This corroborates the character given to Philippi by by monumental remains, is important. Of course, a Luke, and proves that it had been a colony for many succession of manuscripts is the grand source of evi- years, though no other author but himself, whose dence to, as well as the medium of, the religion which writings have reached us, has mentioned it under is evidenced. Nothing can compensate for the want that character, or has given us reason to infer at of ample written documents. But coins, sculpture, what time it might be thus honourably distinguished.” paintings, relics, &c., are useful in their own place. Here is a striking instance of the coin helping out They confirm other attestations, and furnish a pecu- the writing, and of the minute accuracy of Sacred liar sort of proof. Individual manuscripts are not Scripture. Does it not afford, also, a type or illusnearly so ancient, and they are liable to errors in tration of the harmony which one day may be made transcription from age to age; while the remains to
to appear between doctrines of revelation, which now which I refer, ascend to the very day when the
seem inexplicable or at variance ? Men, like the alleged event took place; and they are open to no critics, are embarrassed. Scripture is the alone deerror of copyists. They are precisely as the author positary of the doctrine which puzzles, and no left them-enduring as the colour, or stone, or metal, light can be gathered from other quarters. They in' which he embodied them. Their chief disadvan-contend and quarrel through all the generations of tage is, the comparatively limited information which this world. At last the light of Eternity dawns, and they can supply of an entire revelation from heaven, one of its first rays proclaims the minute accuracy of and their liability to be misinterpreted, particularly the Word, harmonizes what formerly seemed inconwhen they assume the form of coins, it may be with sistent, and vindicates the ways of God to man. We brief and contracted inscriptions. With all this they know not what illustrations of difficult passages of are useful; we must only take care not to exagge the Word may yet, even in this rld, be gathered rate their value to the disparagement of other sources from the investigations of the learned into antiquity; of evidence. The use to which coins have been
but we do know that, in the light of Eternity, the applied, for the illustration of Greek and Roman faithful shall know as they are known, and that part history, is a testimony to their importance in the eye of their sweetest happiness will, in all probability, of scholars. And the Christian writings have not been consist of the clear and immediate discovery of the without the same confirmation. The Rev. Dr Walsh, harmony of doctrines which once vexed them with in his interesting “ Essay on Ancient Coins, Medals, perplexity and trial; at least, the perfect and proved and Gems,” has illustrated important facts in the accuracy of the Word of God, by all the labours of history of primitive Christianity. He has shown the the past, should induce the faithful to trust fearlessly prevalence of the heresy of the Gnostics, by producing for the future. seventeen gems which, in one form or another, con The fresh evidences of revelation, to which the at
tain allusions to their errors; and he has produced tention of the reader is solicited, do not consist of ' coins which proclaim the confident, but vain boasts coins, and far less of the decipherings of Egyptian 1, of Diocletian and Maximinian, that Christianity was hieroglyphics. These constitute a valuable depart
extirpated. By the same kind of evidence, he has ment; but a measure of uncertainty must attach to established the recognition of Christianity by Con them—at least the common reader must depend for stantine the Great; his baptism; the doctrines of the his knowledge of them upon the skill of the learned. Trinity in Unity; the introduction, exclusion, and the field to which Dr Hengstenberg invites the restoration of images; and various other facts and reader, is a field which is free from uncertainty, and doctrines of inferior importance. These, and similar which is open to the ready understanding of all. coins, are not only curious—they are useful in their It is the contemplation of the drawings which are to sphere. Though all of them require the learning of be found on the temples and sepulchres of Egypt, the scholar, and that learning may sometimes fail to and a comparison of these with the written records make out the point with certainty, yet they take for of the Five Books of Moses. granted the existence of Christianity at the period The nearest resemblance to the Egyptian discowhen they were stamped, and confirm the historical veries, and to the use which may be made of them, is remains of Christian writers. They sometimes do perhaps to be found in the discoveries among the more than this--they are honoured to illustrate Sacred ruins of Herculaneum and Pompeii, and the applicaScripture. The 16th chapter of the Acts reminds us tion to which these may be turned. From the excaof an example. There Philippi is styled a colony- vations which have been vigorously carried forward in of course, a Roman colony. The editor of “ Calmet's these two Roman towns, overwhelmed eighteen hunDictionary” remarks, that " as this was a favour dred years ago by the lava and mud of Vesuvius, a which Philippi had little reason to expect, having perfect picture is obtained of Roman arts and manformerly opposed the interests of the Cæsarean im
ners—in short, of Roman life. It is a picture which perial family, the learned have been embarrassed by | all, even the unlearned, can understand and appre
ciate. The structure of the houses and gardens—the Moses' birth, in so far as the bathing is concerned, employments of the people—the inosaics and paint when they find, however unlikely it might otherwise ings-speak a language so plain as to be unmistak- have appeared, that an ancient Egyptian bathing able. They warrant a multitude of certain infe scene has been preserved among the monuments, in
The half-disinterred towns themselves, and which a lady is represented as bathing, attended by their more interesting remains, which have been col four servants, ready to perform their various offices. lected into muscums, explain and confirm the written What more just illustration could be given of the accounts of Roman history. They prove not only the visit of Pharaoh's daughter and her attendants to the existence, but the character of the people. They Nile? The only thing to be borne in mind, in making proclaim their peculiarities, and illustrate what is comparisons between the evidence supplied of Egypobscure in their writings; nay, the paintings throw tian and Hebrew life by the monuments of Egypt, light on the literature and mythology of Greece as and that supplied of Roman life by the excavations well as of Rome. So it is of the Egyptian monuments of the towns in the neighbourhood of Vesuvius, is the and remains. They bring out the existence and vast antiquity of the one compared with that of the i character of the Egyptians, and of the Israelites who other. The exodus of the Israelites from Egypt took dwelt in their borders. They, in an undesigned but place fifteen hundred years before the destruction of direct way, show the accuracy of the writings of Herculaneum and Pompeii. Indeed, the glory of the Moses-that the author could have been no recent Hebrew nation was over, and its tribes broken up and impostor, dealing in forgeries, but must have been a dispersed, ere the first foundations of Rome were contemporary and eye-witness of many of the events laid. The proofs of the character of its people, as rewhich he describes; in short, they show that his pic- corded on the monuments of Egypt, are not, on that tures are real as well as ancient. Had the writings account, less true; but they can scarcely be expected! professed to be of the same age and country with the to be so abundant, or to be so easily verified. Their monuments, and had it appeared, on examination, antiquity adds, however, greatly to their interest; that they did not correspond-that the one contra and the evidences are far from scanty. Indeed, they ! dicted the other—the inference would have been ine are most abundant and minute--showing the perfect vitable, that one or other was speaking falsely; and accuracy of the Mosaic narrative, on the one hand, as this could scarcely be supposed of the stone or the and the kindness of Divine Providence, in the ample | paint, the next inference must have been that the records, preserved as a counterpart, in the monuwriter was not worthy of credit. In the case of ments of Egypt, on the other. With these explanaMoses and his writings, the result is widely and tory remarks, I have space only for a few illustrahappily different. The fine, steady, almost invari- tions. able climate of Egypt, has tended to preserve the VEGETABLES.—The writings of Moses speak of the remains in all the freshness and vividness of colour Egyptian onion as peculiarly grateful, so that the in which they were originally impressed; and they Israelites lamented the loss of it. Was this the speak, like so many living attestators, to the scru- fancy of a forger about what had no existence ? On pulous accuracy of the Hebrew lawgiver and his the monuments of Egypt there are drawings of the torian. There are no discrepancies—there is nothing onion, which is a large and agreeable food, extenbut agreement. The evidence is something of the sively used by the common people to the present day. same nature as the raising of an unexpected witness The translator of Hengstenberg remarks, generally: from the dead. The monuments of Egypt, with their “ Vegetables are depicted in great variety and abunrecent revelations, are like witnesses called from dance. It is indeed impossible to look at any repre the grave. Indeed, in some respects, they are bet- sentation of an Egyptian garden without feeling some ter than living men—they cannot be bribed to lie. sympathy for the complaints and murmurings of the We must only be careful that we do not draw false Israelites in the desert.”—P. 201. How exactly does inferences from their silent testimony. It is surely this coincide with the statements of Moses ! matter of thankfulness to God, that in his all-wise ANIMALS.-An inference, adverse to the Mosaic providence, such materials of proof have been trea- narrative, has been drawn from the circumstance sured up both in Italy and Egypt. The latter is the that in Pharaoh's gift to Abraham no mention is ! Scripture field; but by the parallelisms which the made of horses, though they were common in former supplies, we are better enabled to discern the Egypt. But the inference is hasty. Evidently it force of the argument for revelation. If Infidels ob was not intended that the descendants of Abraham ject, they are now answered out of their own mouth. should place their reliance in cavalry, but in the The men who think, and justly, that the letter of Lord of hosts. Hence there is no mention of the Pliny, giving an account of the eruption of Vesuvius, borse in the law of Moses. It was not till the days and confirmed by the remains of Herculaneum and of Solomon that a cavalry force was employed; and Pompeii---who see the suddenness of the devastation then it was comparatively small, and unwarrantable in the skeleton bearing the bag of gold, and caught besides. Even in Egypt the horse is introduced into in the act; or the sentinel, now a skeleton, standing in the monuments, chiefly, if not exclusively, in cases his sentry-box with his lance; and particular shops, of war; and it was not in that character that Abrawith the marble counter, with the wet marks of ves ham appeared before Pharaoh. Hence the propriety sels on its surface--these persons cannot object to the of no mention of horses in his case. In harmony friends of revelation drawing inferences with similar with this and Abraham's character as a shepherd, confidence from the remains of Egypt-cannot ques. there is a striking pastoral scene taken from a tomb tion, for instance, the remarkable circumstances of hown in the rock, on which, according to Mr Wilkiu
FRESH EVIDENCES OF THE DIVINE TRUTH, &c.
son, “ First came the oxen, over which is the num The sacred historian describes the soldiers which ber 831, cows 220, goats 3234, asses 760, and sheep pursued the Israelites to the Red Sea, and in whose 974." There are no horses. The Israelites were waves they were engulfed, as consisting of war shepherds in Egypt, and sheep appear on the monu chariots—not of cavalry, strictly speaking, but of ments frequently, and in great numbers.
chariots with two horses. And this is singularly FISH.—One of the first complaints of the Israelites, correct. So far as the investigations have proceeded, in the desert, was the absence of the fish of Egypt. there are no cavalry, but abundant traces of the war These were most abundant. The monuments pro- chariot, which, on the occasion of the exodus, was claim this. Fishing is one of the employments most the more needed, that the occasion was one in which frequently depicted. Indeed, an entire caste was infantry could be of no great service. devoted to the occupation; and their inferiority to Customs.— It is a remarkable peculiarity of the the agriculturists can be traced in the pictorial re- Egyptians, that they sat at meals. In all the pictures presentations.
of entertainments it appears that the guests, male EMPLOYMENTS OF MEN-BRICK-MAKING.–Agree and female, sat at table. Though couches are found ably to the intimations of Moses, the bricks of Egypt | in the room, these were reserved for sleeping. Now, are found to contain a portion of chopped straw. A in harmony with this Egyptian custom, Joseph and picture, taken from a tomb at Thebes, is believed by his brethren, in the narrative of Moses, are repreRossellini to be a representation of the unhappy sented as sitting, though the patriarchal practice Hebrews at brick-making. The dissimilarity to the was to recline. Egyptians appears in a moment. By complexion, Another peculiarity was the carrying of burdens on physiognomy, and beard, they are at once seen to be the head. We see a reference to this in the dream of Hebrews. Their degradation, too, is vividly depicted. Pharaoh's chief baker, who carried the basket with
WORKING IN METALS.-Moses speaks of Bezaleel | various confectionaries, for which the Egyptians having power to devise curious works, and working were celebrated, on his head. There are frequent in gold, and silver, and brass. The ark of the testi- examples of this mode of carrying on the monuments. mony and the boards of the tabernacle were to be It is characteristic, though not exclusive; and as overlaid with gold. Rossellini says:
" From the Moses' mention of it is incidental, the coincidence is articles represented in the Egyptian tombs, it is the more striking. manifest how anciently the art of casting and work ORNAMENTS OF RANK.-Pharaoh put a gold chain ing metals was practised in Egypt." Wilkinson or necklace around the neck of Joseph, in token of testifies to various articles, from the earliest times, honour. The monuments are full of them. Slaves being overlaid with gold. The mummies were are represented as carrying them to their master. gilded, and chains of gold for necklaces were very Kings and nobles are uniformly arrayed in them. common. Such is the testimony, not only of the “ Figures of noble youth are found entirely devoid monuments, but of remains themselves.
of clothing, but richly ornamented with necklaces." WRITING AND WRITERS.—No nation seems to have | Beautiful specimens of the articles themselves, as been more, if so much, addicted to any art as the well as of the representation of them, are deposited Egyptians were to writing. It is owing to this very in the British Muscum. turn of mind that on their tombs, and even their SACRED OINTMENTS are made of great account in clothes, we have such ample memorials of their the Old Testament, even in early times. In harcharacter to the present day. There was, besides, mony with this, we find ample use of unguents among a distinct class of scribes, whose importance is vividly the Egyptians. There are not only pictures of them, depicted on the monuments. Their early perfection but vases, still fragrant with their perfume, have in the art of writing coincides with various notices of descended to our day. writing of different kinds in the Books of Moses, and Corn THRESHING.-Moses forbids the Hebrews to also the Book of Job. It is evidently taken for granted muzzle the ox when treading out the corn. The that the people would have no difficulty in transmit monuments proclaim that oxen were used for threshting knowledge in an accurate form to remote periods. ing. Champollion, describing a subterraneous apart
PhysicIANS.—These were very numerous in Egypt. ment where this operation is depicted, gives a song adIndeed the country was famous for them, so that dressed by the overseer to the oxen, and which is ineven Cyrus and Darius had Egyptian medical atten- scribed above them, encouraging the cattle to partake. dants. The practice of embalming necessarily FAMINE, AND PROVISION AGAINST IT.-Though created a great demand for such officers. Hence we Egypt be so fertile-dependent for its crop, not on read of Joseph commanding his physicians to em the rains, but on the regular overflowing of the Nile balm his father. Hence, too, the many mummies -yet no country has been so great a sufferer in every preserved to this day. The pictures of funeral pro- | age from famine. Hence the necessity of storecessions are very frequent, and so vividly recall the houses, such as those which Joseph is represented in narrative of Moses, that Hengstenberg remarks : the Book of Genesis as constructing. In perfect ac" When we behold the representations of the pro- cordance with the Mosaic account, store-houses form cessions of the dead, we seem to see the funeral a very prominent object in the paintings. They are train of Jacob.”
very numerous and vast, and present all the air of Among the employments of men, the last which I public buildings. shall mention is that of SOLDIERS. In regard to the The MORAL CHARACTER OF THE EGYPTIANS.- The war force of Egypt, there is a wonderful accordance intolerable arrogance and pride of the Pharaohs are between the monuments and the Books of Moses. I sufficiently apparent from the narrative of Moses.
The monuments proclaim the same qalities. The fesse (Hengstenberg) of a different (the evangelical) name Plansch tr.cans an incarcation of the sun. school tows up the gauntlet, and not only showed the T.e ancitat palaces were temples for Forship as superior learning of truth abore error, but established well as the residence of kings. The miserable the particular truth which was assailed on a basis of monarch claimed and received divine tonours. i cearness and certainty not reached before. Thus it
The hatred of the Egyptians to the Hebrews is has often been in the history of revelation. Its eneTell known; titis also is apparent from the remains., mies hare frequently, though unwittingly, done more
Tryse vio have had an opportunity of studying ther, for it than friends. So true is its own statement, | declare that there must have been some foreign that God makes the wrath of man to praise him, and
Asiatic class in EgyȚt the objects of hurriliating the remainder of his wrath he restrains. degradation. Joseph tells us, that “every shepherd;
is an aboinination to the Egyptians." - The artists MOSES AND SOLOMON THE FIRST I of Upper and Lower Egypt vie with each other in
NATURAL HISTORIANS. caricaturing them." The hatred is conspicuous; nay, The first chapter of natural history, thongh written 1 it is stated that the progress of the dislike can be considerably more than three thousand years ago, į traced, in perfect confurtnity with the growing aver the most precious that ever was written. It was sion discovered in the Pentateuch.
: written by Moses, under the immediate teaching of With regard again, more particularly, to the Fe God; and without the aid of inspiration it could not MALE EGYPTIAN CHARACTES, the monuments bear have been written, for it tells us of the creation of out the written records. The profligacy of Poti- the heavens and of the earth, and of the creation o phar's wife may almost seem incredible in her rank man. It is a pattern of the manner in which natural of society, but the remains of the Egyptians them- history should be written, as it gives to God, in all selves rendier it of easy belief. Females are repra things, the glory and the praise.“ In the beginning sented as being so much overcome with wine as to be God created the heavens and the earth.” This is a unable to stand or walk alone, or “ to carry their sentence similar to that in which Longinus, a heathea liquor discreetly.” Ladies are represented as sitting writer, saw so much of the true sublime—“God said, unveiled at banquets, and indulging in large liba- Let there be light, and there was light." What a tions of wine. Contrary to the practice of the word!“ He spake, and it was done.” Of nothing. East generally, there was far more social freedom | “ in the beginning, God created the heavens and the in Egypt at that time than even in Greece. The earth." They who believe that the globe we inpictures of entertainments, in so far as the easy , habit existed for ages as the residence of inferior mingling of the sexes is concerned, give much animals, before man was brought into being, contend the air of modern European intercourse. In har- ' that this first verse contains all the information that mony with this, Sarah is represented, in the 12th of the Lord saw fit to give respecting this world's hus Genesis, when in Egypt, as appearing unveiled in tory, before it was fashioned afresh to be the abod public. Fairness of complexion, too, which was ad of the human race. The Bible was given for noble: mired in her, it appears, from the monuments, was purposes than as a repository of natural science. generally esteemed; so much so, that ladies of rank, | He who is from everlasting to everlasting, can affor! though belonging to nations of dark complexion, are to pass over the wonders of his power in creating ax! represented as comparatively fair.
preserving myriad's of irrational creatures, when he Such is a rapid glance at a few monumental illus- has far greater wonders to set before us, in the creatrations of the accuracy of the Books of Moses. The tion, the ruin, the redemption of creatures formed proofs might be greatly enlarged. Indeed, the num after his own image, raised from misery in which, her and minuteness of the points of agreement form through sin, they had involved themselves in a way one of the wonders of the comparison, and must be the most astonishing made partakers of the divaie examined in detail in order to be appreciated. Let nature, and raised eventually to eternal glory and what has been stated suffice as a specimen. No im- blessedness, at his right hand in the heavens. lle partial, no honest man, after this contemplation, can can leave inferior matters “to be sought out of those doubt the truth of the Mosaic narrative. He may as who have pleasure in them;" and inferior though well doubt his senses. And how much does the truth they be, compared with the wonders of redemption. of the Mosaic narrative imply and involve? The they are worth being “ sought out," for they furnish New Testament hangs upon the Old, and upon both abundant proofs of the power, and wisdom, and fore our eternal safety is suspended. Shake the truth of sight of an all-wise and all-powerful God. Moses, and the same principle of doubt will reach to The Bible is the record of God's dealings towards the entire Scriptures. How pleasing to find that age, Had it contained only the natural history ci which, in other things, is associated with weakness man, it would have been a most mournful book-** 2 and decay, brings no injury to the Word of God or its roll written within and without with lamentatior, proofs—that, on the contrary, the latter grow and mourning, and woe.” But, blessed be God, the Bible improve with years! How pleasing, too, to mark the contains not only mournful records of the natural traces of an over-ruling Providence in the present man,” but also many joyful pages respecting the case! A Neological, in other words, an Infidel pro “ renewed man.” It tells us of man's supernatural fessor, attacked the authenticity of Moses, and hoped | history—of the fulfilment of a heaven-devised plat to gather proofs for his scepticism from the monu in which“ mercy and truth meet together, and rigt. ments of Egypt. He was full of ignorant confidence, teousness and peace kiss each other,” by which (ol like the class to which he belongs. A brother pro can be just, and yet the justifier of the ungodly.