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we sacrifice an impious man to God, and yet we sa to which every priest is sworn, that "All promises crifice a servant of God to the devil.'. This propo are not to be kept;" that "sometimes it is not ezsition is condemned, along with the others, as false, pedient to keep a solemn engagement;" that "the impious,' &c., &c.; and the Bull concludes with Á COMMAND to the Patriarchs, bishops, and other Pope's power absolves from an oath of fidelity;": ordinaries, also the inquisitors of heretical pravity, and, that “they are not to be called oaths, but perthat they should in every way COERCE and compeL its juries, which are attempted in opposition to the inCONTRADICTORS, and rebels of every kind whatsoever, terests of the Church." by censures, and punishments, and other remedies
2. The third Lateran Council, universally received of law and fact ; calling in, if necessary, the aid of as infallible, solemnly decreed that any oath might | the secular arm."
be broken which was “contrary to ecclesiastical There can be no doubt, that had the Church of utility;" that is, contrary to the interests of the Rome still the power, she has still the will to carry Church. out measures, to the full as monstrous and extreme
3. The Council of Constance decreed that faith as those which have already made her infamous.
was not to be kept with heretics; and, carrying out that For it is not true, as some ignorant or false Protes- principle, persuaded Sigismund, the emperor, to autants would say, that “Popery is changed.” Popery thorize the burning of John Huss, who had come to is not changed. In her principles she cannot change; answer to the charge of heresy, on Sigismund's er- ' and in her policy, if she can help it, she will not.
press and solemn promise that no injury should be (1.) In her principles she cannot change. She de- done him. The following was the decree in referclares herself to be infallible; and admitted change ence to his case :would to her be destruction, as it would involve
“ The holy Synod of Constance declares, concertfallibility. No Papist ever asserted that the princi- ing every safe conduct granted by the emperor, kings, ples of his Church had, on any point, changed. and other temporal princes, to heretics, or persons Every priest is bound to declare that he believes every accused of heresy, in hopes of reclaiming them, that decree of every general council infallibly right, and it ought not to be of any, prejudice to the Catholic the above, revolting as they are, among the rest. And faith, or ecclesiastical jurisdiction, nor to hinder but
that such persons may and ought to be examined, that Papist who, while he professes to believe in the judged, and punished, according as justice shall re infallibility of his Church, yet declares he does not quire, if those heretics shall refuse to revoke their believe that Protestants ought to be exterminated, errors; although they shall have come to the place of is chargeable with either ignorance or dishonesty. judgment relying on their sofe-conduct, and without (2.) In her policy she will not change, if she can
achich they would not have come thither; and the per
son who has promised them security shall not, is help it.
Witness Madeira-Maria Joaquina con this case, be olliged to keep his promise, by whatsodemned to death, and twenty-four others shut up in erer tie he moy have been engaged, when he has done prison—for what ? Because they lean to heresy; all that is in his power to do.” and, according to the directions of the council,
4. The Council of Trent directly sanctioned the “ heretics must be extirpated.” But Rome has not
same principle, when, in the safe-conduct offered such power everywhere. In our own country she
to Protestants, they suspended, “ for that occasion," has not yet the prison and the gallows in her power. 'pro hac vice," the decree of the Council of Constance If she had, she would use them. Indeed, the only in favour of the lawfulness of breaking faith with reason which any well-informed honest Papist could heretics; thereby, of course, implying that the deor would give, why the Protestants of this country
cree was in itself a perfectly righteous one, and that, are not exterminated, is just this: “We would, if “after this occasion,” “post hanc vicem,” it was to we could, but we cannot;' or rather, perhaps, in the
resume its sway. words of Bellarmine, “were we atteinpting it, ' more
5. Dens, in his “ Theology," lays down that the obliof us would be killed than of you;" " therefore, in- gation of a promise must be held as ceasing, when stead of “handing you over to the executioner," we “ such a change of state or of matters takes place commit you to God.“ Intolerance is a dormant right as that the promiser may not be thought to have which slumbers with the weakness, and arakens with wished to bind himself in such an event ;” addingthe power, of Rome.” *
“ This is also true, though tlre promise may have been
confirmed by an oath.” And Bailly, another of the II.- VIOLATION OF OATHS.
chosen authorities of Maynooth, states expressly, that That the Church of Rome deliberately authorizes, there is “a power vested in the Church of granting and even encourages, the violation of promises and dispensations in vows and oaths.” oaths on the part of her adherents, whenever these 6. In reference even to the marriage vow, Dens stand in the way of her own interests, is a position
says: which admits of abundant and overwhelming proof. We are aware that the charge is a strong and a
“ Take note, that if a Roman Catholic knowingly
contract marriage with a heretic, he cannot, on that serious one, and not to be made lightly; but we are
head, separate linself from her, because he has rewilling to leave the decision of its truth to any of our
nounced the right of divorce; except, however, unless readers who will peruse the subjoined proofs—all from the heretic promised her conversion, and would not authorities and text-books recognised ut Maynooth. stand to her promise : in like manner, if the Catholie 1. It is expressly laid down in the sacred canons, by cohabiting with a heretic.”
knors that he is in imminent danger of losing the faith * Townsend's Accusations of History against the Church
So that if any unprincipled man is anxious to get of Rome, p. 176. New edition.
quit of his wife, he needs only affirm that, by me
A WORD TO PARENTS ABOUT YOUNG MEN, &c.
maining with her, he is in danger of losing the faith; manner, be corrected by frequent observations before and straightway the marriage is held null and void, important interests are contided to it. You ask your and he goes free! Such is Maynooth morality! friend to take charge of your son; why, he has ar
We might easily extend these proofs by numerous rived at that period of life when it is most difficult quotations from eminent Romish writers; but, in pre- for you to manage him; and only think for a moment sent circumstances, we have preferred conining our- in how many respects a stranger must be inferior to selves to the recognised authorities of Maynooth. yourself in all that is likely to constitute him an Surely it is not too much to ask--Is it for the pro-effectual overseer! All the associations of childhood pagation of doctrines such as these that the Protes tend to cause your son to reverence your authority, tants of this country are to be, by statute, compelled but no such tie connects him to a stranger; and then, to pay the sum of £27,000 a-year, with the ultimate on the other hand, how can you expect that any prospect of a general endowment of the Popish other person can feel towards your child those yearnclergy
ings of affection which alone can emanate from a parent's heart?
But, defective as relative superintendence may be, A WORD TO PARENTS ABOUT YOUNG MEN if you have a prudent God-fearing friend to whom IN LARGE TOWNS.
you can intrust the most valuable of all your earthly
deposits, the privilege is one of inestimable value, and So much has been written and spoken regarding should be prized as such. Where the choice has Young Men, that we feel some hesitation in calling been rightly made, are likely the best results to folatte:tion to a subject that may be regarded by some low; and if this arrangement can at all be entered as well-nigh thread-bare; nevertheless, as our inten-into, it should take the precedence of all others. tion is not to theorize, but to point out a few practi- Where such friends are not known personally, applical considerations, which have either been partially cation should be made to some minister, or other touched on, or altogether overlooked by more for
party of ascertained probity, who will make conmal writers, we trust that our brief hints will be science of recommending nobody for whose proper honoured with the patient perusal of all who are qualifications he cannot personally vouch. And it is interested in this important section of the community. by no means impossible to find such persons; on the | Our remarks must be understood as applying to contrary, God has so constituted the world, that all young men sent by their parents in the country into
the wants of his creatures can be reciprocally supplied. large towns; in whose case the family relation estab
What science has developed as the economy of the lished by God is entirely broken up. Of course, sub-physical world, experience has long since shown to i stitutes of some kind are put in place of this relation, be the economy of the moral world. The expressed and it shall be our duty to notice these in detail.
breath and other things deleterious to animal life, The first asylum in which a parent wishes to place have been found to be the only means of sustaining his son, on sending him to a large town, is the house
and animating the vitality of the vegetable kingdom; of a relation or tried friend; and provided the party and so for every unprotected youth who enters a Bo selected be possessed of proper firmness and prin- large town, and who, in the solitude of its crowded ciple, a more eligible arrangement could not be made. streets, sighs for his early home, there will always But it often happens that a variety of circumstances
be found those who, although death or misfortune cuncur in rendering arrangements of this kind abor
may have familiarized them with hardship, would tive. The parent may have known a friend in early conduct these youths to a pious fireside, and esteem life who was all that could be desired in point both the work higher than the wages. It is in such places of character and conduct; but it is one of the weak
that we love to find the “ young man from home;": Desues of the human mind, although, no doubt, an
but, as in all cases of migration, one resting place is amiable one, to be always regarding those whom we
never selected by the wanderers, we pass on to notice knew in the morning of existence, as remaining ex the other abodes of our young exiles. actly the same sort of persons ever after—and this
The second place where they are to be found is in illusion remains unbroken until we come into actual
their masters' houses. We cannot say that we altocontact with them. When Napoleon became the leader gether approve of this method, neither can we indisof the Italian army, two of his old Brienne school criminately condemn it. Where an employer has Cellows visited him. The first threw himself into
one or two young men, and has a well-ordered housethe arms of the general, who was surrounded by his hold, in the proper sense of the term, this arrangebrilliant staff. The embrace was coldly returned, ment, as experience has proved, may be gone into and no more was heard of the enthusiastic friend.
with much advantage; but where large numbers of The second advanced with an air of respectful re
young men are congregated, we should augur any serve. In private he was thanked by the great man, but favourable results. If bad habits once break and afterwards became his private secretary, and out, the facilities that exist for their propagation in ultimately his biographer in the person of Bourrienne. such communities are fearful to contemplate. Sin Nobody computes the day of the month by an old may be rebuked by a mother or sister, where it almanac, and no parent should confide his son to the would be encouraged by a promiscuous assembly of Care of a friend whom he may not have seen or heard young men; and in the family circle the young disof for a quarter of a century. The very compass it ciple may venture on the “practice of piety," with self requires to be tested by the more unerring stan
the assurance that if he has no other sympathy, he dard of the sun; and human conduct should, in like may reckon somewhat on the forbearance of affec
tion; whereas, strong in the brotherhood of licentious-him. There is not a vein in all our population which ness, the “smoking flax" of an awakened conscience could be more largely or more effectively drawn on might soon be “ quenched” in an assembly of young for the purpose of recruiting our forces of teachers,
collectors, and deacons, than those young men. The last place in which we find young men is in This want of time which is pleaded by people with the hired lodging-house. A good deal has been said families, cannot be urged by them-their time is about the class of people who keep these houses; but their own—it often hangs heavy on their hands, and from experience we think we are justified in saying, many is the sigh which they set up for want of suitthat the number of bad lodging-keepers does not ex able occupation. No doubt, long hours of business ceed the number of bad lodgers. We are not, there shorten the available space on week-days, and no fore, disposed to make any tirade against a class of effort should be spared to increase that; but the the conimunity quite as much sinned against as sin- Sabbath is wholly theirs, and might be richly imning; but as it is possible that the system may be proved. Hitherto young men have forced themselves bad apart from the individuals who support it, we on the attention of ministers and other public men; shall speak freely as to its real character. The great let the process be now reversed, and let those who defect of the lodging-house system consists in its ten toil for the world's advancement, by the spread of dency to diminish that sense of reponsibility which the Gospel, act aggressively in employing an agency operates so powerfully as a safe-guard of society. A so eligible in numbers and activity. Let not country young man arrives from the country, and receives an ministers be content with giving, nor town ministers appointment in some given establishment. The with receiving, a communicant's printed certificate; duties, the hours of attendance, the length of en but let the one brother write, and the other watch, gagement, and the salary, are all the matters which regarding the walk and conversation of these local his future employer condescends to discuss with him; immigrants. They are the ranks from whence the and having settled as to all these, the youth sallies next generation of the middle classes will be drawn; forth in quest of his town home. He sees ticket after and thus, as the nursery of the men who constitute ticket, and ascends stair after stair, without finding our nation's strength, they are worthy of attention." a place whereon he may rest his weary foot. The We have now only one word to say to parents, in good are too high, and the cheap are too cheerless. conclusion. Unless you pray with and for your The approach of night, however, accelerates decision, child, for the bestowal on him of that grace which and a domicile is fixed on. The employer cares not maketh wise unto salvation, all the human devices where his clerk lives, and the landlady cares not which you can fall upon may not protect from that where her lodger has his place of business — the city degradation which you dread with so much disone looks for work, the other for pay. Dr Johnson may; whilst, if instinct with a new nature, you may long ago expatiated on the loneliness of city life, and safely trust him “even in Sardis." none are doomed to know it more fully than young It is too much to be feared that the vast mamen who, unknown and unbefriended, come from the jority of parents do not sufficiently realize the solemn country to struggle for bread in large towns. They responsibility incurred in training children. Long are at no age for misanthropy, and if good company after reason has dawned, they regard them very much cannot be had, we greatly fear that bad will not be as playthings, and too seldom speak to them as raunsought for, especially as in towns vice throws out tional and immortal beings; but when the time for its allurements in all forms, in all seasons, and at all separation does come, the parent may then see, alhours. Bating his own conscience, what check ex though often too late, that the sprinkling of religious ists on the young man? Granting that he is anxious instruction which has been communicated, is miserto rise in the world, what an amount of secret de- ably inadequate to qualify them for embarking on pravity may be carried on in perfect compatibility the stormy ocean of life alone. Let parents, then, with the cultivation of the mercantile virtues ! Home seriously ponder as to the variety of ways in which check there is none. If the youth “pay his way,” | the opportunities of instruction may arise, and let lodging-keepers have nothing to say; or if they have, this incite them to vigorous, sustained, and prayerit is their interest to say nothing. This is a sad ful efforts towards inducing their children to betake amount of license at a time when
themselves to the strait gate and narrow way that Pleasure is at the prow and Youth at the helm.
lead to everlasting life.
CALM, PEACE, AND LIGHT.
of his fellow-prisoners, part of which was preserved NARRATIVES OF POPISH PERSECUTION, after his death. Francesco Spinula, a native of the In the year 1560, the Protestants who were still left at Milanese, being a priest, was more severely questioned Venice, notwithstanding the persecution, sent for a mi than his brethren. He was thrice brought before nister to form them into a Church, and had the Lord's the judges, and on one of these occasions the Papal supper administered to them in a private house. But legate and a number of the chief clergy attended. soon after this, information having been given of their In their presence, and when threatened with a tiery meetings by one of those spies whom the court of Rome death, he professed openly the articles of the Proteskept in its pay, all who failed in making their escape
tant faith, and bore an explicit testimony against the were committed to prison. Numbers tied to the pro- usurpations of the Pope, the doctrine of purgatory, vince of Istria; and after concealing themselves there and the invocation of saints. During a fit of sickfor some time, a party of them, amounting to twenty ness, brought on by the length and rigour of his conthree, purchased a vessel to carry them to a foreign finement, some concessions were extorted from him; country. When they were about to set sail, an but on his recovery he instantly retracted them, and avaricious foreigner, who had obtained a knowledge being formally degraded from the priesthood, obof their design, preferred a claim before the magis- tained the same watery grave with his brethren. trates of the place against three of them for a debt But the most distinguished of those who suffered which he alleged they owed him, and failing in his death at Venice, was the venerable Fra Baldo Lupeobject of extorting the money, accused them as tino. The following account of him by his nephew, heretics who fled from justice; in consequence of in a book now become very rare, deserves to be prewhich they were arrested, conveyed to Venice, and
served entire :-“ The reverend Baldus Lupetinus, lodged in the same prisons with their brethren. sprung from a noble and ancient family, was á Hitherto the senate had not visited the Protestants learned monk, and provincial of the order to which with capital punishment; though it would appear he belonged. After having long preached the Word that, before this period, the inquisitors had, in some
of God in both the vulgar languages (the Italian instances, prevailed on the local magistrates of the and Sclavonian) in many cities, and defended it by remoter provinces to gratify them to that extent. public disputation in several places of celebrity with But now the senators yielded to those counsels which great applause, he was at last thrown into a close they had so long resisted; and acts of cruelty com- prison at Venice, by the inquisitor and Papal legate. menced, which continued' for years to disgrace the
In this condition he continued, during nearly twenty criminal jurisdiction of the republic. Drowning was years, to bear an undaunted testimony to the Gosthe mode of death to which they doomed the Protes-pel of Christ; so that his bonds and doctrine were tants, either because it was less cruel and odious than made known, not only to that city, but to the whole committing them to the flames, or because it ac
of Italy, and even to Europe at large; by which means corded with the customs of Venice. But if the autos evangelical truth was more widely spread. Two de fe of the Queen of the Adriatic were less bar things, among many others, may be mentioned as barous than those of Spain, the solitude and silence marks of the singular providence of God towards this with which they were accompanied were calculated person during his imprisonment. In the first place, to excite the deepest horror. At the dead hour of The princes of Germany often interceded for his libemidnight, the prisoner was taken from his cell, and ration, but without success; and, secondly, On the put into a gondola or Venetian boat, attended only, other hand, the Papal legate, the inquisitor, and even beside the sailors, by a single priest, to act as con
the Pope himself, laboured with all their might, and fessor. He was rowed out into the sea, beyond the by repeated applications, to have him, from the very Two Castles, where another boat was in waiting. A first, committed to the flames, as a noted heresiarch. plank was then laid across the two gondolas, upon
This was refused by the doge and senate, who, when which the prisoner, having his body chained, and a
he was at last condemned, freed him from the puheavy stone affixed to his feet, was placed; and, on a
nishment of the fire by an express decree. It was signal given, the gondolas retiring from one another, the will of God that he should bear his testimony to precipitated into the deep.
the truth for so long a time; and that, like a person Dr M'Crie gives the following account of a few who proclaim to all the world the restoration of Chris
affixed to a cross, he should, as from an eminence, suffered by this mode of execution :
tianity and the revelation of Antichrist. At last, The first person who appears to have suffered mar this pious and excellent man, whom neither threattyrdom at Venice, was Julio Guirlauda, a native of enings nor promises could move, sealed his doctrine the Trevisano. When set on the plank, he cheerfully by an undaunted martyrdom, and exchanged the badle the captain farewell, and sanık into the deep filth and protracted tortures of a prison for a watery calling on the Lord Jesus. Antonio Ricetto, of grave.-AI Crie's Reformation in Italy. Vicenza, was held in such respect, that, subsequently to his conviction, the senators offered to restore him not only to his liberty, but also to the whole of his
Miscellaneous. property, part of which had been sold, and the rest proinised away, provided he would conform to the Church of Rome. The firmness of Ricetto was put THE PROPER" END OF RELIGION.-Let us never to a still severer test : his son, a boy of twelve years hope to make anything more than heaven by our reof age, having been admitted into the prison, fell at ligion, nor ever be content to take anything less.bis feet, and supplicated him, in the most melting Matthew Henry. strains, to accept of the offers made him, and not leave his child an orphan. The keeper of the prison who lie soft and warm in a rich estate, seldom come
PROSPERITY UNFAVOURABLE TO RELIGION.—They having told himn one day, with the view of inducing to heat themselves at the altar.-Soutk. him to recant, that one of his companions had yielded, he inerely
replied: "What is that to me?” And in ILL-CONSIDERED OPINIONS.—When men first take the gondola, and on the plank, he retained his firm- up an opinion, and then afterwards seek for reasong mess; praying for those who ignorantly put him to for it, they must be contented with such as the abdeath, and commending his soul to his Saviour
. surdity of it will afford.—16. Francesco Sega, a native of Rovigo, composed several PROVIDENCE.—He that will watch Providence shall pious works during his confinement, for the
comfort never want a Providence to watch.- Flaccl.
but now have I kept thy word.” Many thousand Daily Bread.
recovered sinners may cry, 0 healthful sickness! O comfortable sorrows! O gainful hope! O enriching poverty! O blessed day that ever I was afflicted !
“Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, be put away from In Jesus our head,
you."-Epa. iv. 31.
Free from anger and from pride,
Let us thus in God abide ;
. All the depths of love express-
All the heights of holiness !
He that keeps anger long in his bosom, giveth place
to the devil. And why should we make room for him The sun has not the less light for filling the stars who will crowd in too fast of himself ? Heat of paswith light. A fountain has not the less for filling sion makes our souls to chap, and the devil creeps in the lesser vessels. There is in Christ the fulness of
at the crannies. Yea, a furious man in his fits may a fountain. The everlasting fountain pours ont water
seem possessed with a devil, foams, tears himself, is abundantly, and yet remains tull.. Why, the Lord deaf and dumb, in effect, to hear or speak reason; Jesus is such an overflowing fountain, he fills all, and sometimes wallows, stares, stamps with fiery eyes and yet remains full. Christ has the greatest worth and
flaming cheeks. Were the greatest beauty to see his wealth in him.-Brookes.
own face when he is angry, he could never fall in
love with himself.-Fuller.
“Let evil-speaking be put away from you."-Eph. iv. 31. Thee will I love, though all may frown,
Free us from eney, scorn, and pride
Our wishes fix above;
May each his brother's failing hide,
And show a brother's love. The first and greatest duty that God demands of It is not good to speak evil of all whom we know us, is supreme love to him; for where he is not loved bad; it is worse to judge evil of any who may prove above all, he is not loved at all; and nothing must be good. To speak ill upon knowledge, shows a want of loved beside, but what is loved for him. Love is the charity; to speak ill upon suspicion, shows a want of sum of the Law and the Gospel; it is therefore the honesty. I will not speak so bad as I know of many; summary of all real religion; and to love God as ours, I will not speak worse than I know of any. To know is to love him because he is ours. Where there is not evil by others, and not speak it, is sometimes discre this supreme affection, nothing good is done, or not tion; to speak evil by others, and not know it, is done long.–Matthew Henry.
always dishonesty. He may be evil himself wbo
speaks good of others upon knowledge, but he can SABBATH.
never be good himself who speaks evil of others upon “ Hear the Word of the Lord."--2 CHRON. xviii. 18. suspicion.- Warwick.
Hence, ye vain cares and trifles, fly!
“ I have learned, in whatsoever state I am, therewith to be O may thy grace our thoughts refine,
content."-PHIL. iv. 11. And fix our hearts on things divine !
Since at his feet my soul has sat Give close attention to the Word. God looses you
His gracious words to hear,
Contented with my present state, this day from the world, that you may “attend on
I cast on him my care. the Lord without distraction"-1 Cor. vii. 35. Attend
'Tis he appoints my daily lot, this day to what your Lord saith to you, as men who
And he does all things well; believe that every Sabbath and every sermon, that
I soon shall leave this wretched spot,
And rise with him to dwell. every prayer and exhortation, every call and offer of grace, bring you a step nearer heaven or nearer hell Affect competency rather than eminency, and in nearer to the mansions with Christ, or to a dwelling all thy will ever have an eye to God's will, lest thy with devils; and that endless eternity depends upon self-action turn to thine own destruction. Happy is your attention to God's Word.-- Willison.
the man who, in this life, is least known of the world,
so that he doth truly know God and himself! WhatMONDAY
soever cross, therefore, thou hast to discontent thee, “ It is good for me that I have been a Micted."-Ps.cxix. 71. remember that it is less than thy sins have deserved. 'Tis my happiness below
Count, therefore, Christ thy chiefest joy, and sin thy
greatest grief; esteem no want to the want of grace, Sanctifying ev'ry loss.
nor any loss to the loss of God's favour; and then Trials must and will befall;
the discontentment for outward means shall the less But with humble faitli to see
perplex thine inward mind; and as often as Satan shall Love inscribed upon them all,
offer any motion of discontentment to thy mind, reThis is happiness to me.
member St Paul's admonition: “ We brought nothing Afflictions are God's most effectual means to keep into this world, and it is certain we can carry nothing us from losing our way to our heavenly rest. With out.”—Bayly. out this hedge of thorns on the right and left, we should hardly keep the way to heaven. If there be
A Stamped Edition, for circulation by Post, is also but one gap open, how ready are we to find it, and published, price 2d. each Number. turn out at it! When we grow wanton, or worldly, or proul, how doth sickness or other affliction reduce Edinburgh: Printed by JOHN JOHNSTONE, residing at 2, us? Every (Christian, as well as Luther, may call
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Square. London: R. GROOMBRIDGE & Sons. Glaxow:
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